Skip to main content

Full text of "Chinese-English dictionary of the vernacular or spoken language of Amoy"

See other formats

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Sam Kho 




7Uy X 

'X**7 , 















Kev. CAESTAIES DOUGLAS, m.a., lld. aiasg., 








All rights reserved. 





Rev. JAMES LEGGE, d.d., 







The vernacular or spoken language of Amoy, which this Dictionary attempts to make more 
accessible than formerly, has been also termed by some "The Amoy Dialect" or "The Amoy 
Colloquial;" and it partially coincides with the so-called "Hok-kien Dialect," illustrated by 
the Eev. Dr. Medhurst in his quarto Dictionary under that title. But such words as 
"Dialect" or "Colloquial" give an erroneous conception of its nature. It is not a mere 
colloquial dialect or patois ; it is spoken by the highest ranks just as by the common people, 
by the most learned just as by the ignorant; learned men indeed add a few polite or 
pedantic phrases, but these are mere excrescences (and even they are pronounced according 
to the Amoy sounds), while the main body and staple of the spoken language of the most 
refined and learned classes is the same as that of coolies, labourers, and boatmen. 

Nor does the term "dialect" convey anything like a correct idea of its distinctive 
character; it is no mere dialectic variety of some other language; it is a distinct language, 
one of the many and widely differing languages which divide among them the soil of China. 

The so-called "written language" of China is indeed uniform throughout the whole 
country; but it is rather a, notation than a language; for this universal written language is 
pronounced differently when read aloud in the different parts of China, so that while as 
written it is one, as soon as it is pronounced it splits into several languages. And still 
further, this written language, as it is read aloud from books, is not spoken in any place 
whatever under any form of pronunciation. The most learned men never employ it as a 
means of ordinary oral communication even among themselves. It is in fact a dead language, 
related to the various spoken languages of China somewhat as Latin is to the languages of 
South-western Europe. 

A very considerable number of the spoken languages of China have been already more or 
less studied by European and American residents in the country, such as the Mandarin, the 
Hakka, the vernaculars of Canton and Amoy, and several others. These are not dialects of 
one language ; they are cognate languages, bearing to each other a relation similar to that 
which subsists between the Arabic, the Hebrew, the Syriac, the Ethiopic, and the other 
members of the Semitic family; or again between English, German, Dutch, Danish, 
Swedish, &c. 

There is another serious objection to the use of the term "dialect" as applied to these 
languages, namely, that within each of them there exist real dialects. For instance, the 
Mandarin, the greatest of all, contains within itself at least three very marked " dialects," the 
Northern, spoken at Pekin; the Southern, spoken at Nanking and Soo-chow; and the 
Western, spoken in the provinces of Sze-chuen, Hoo-peh, &c. 

In like manner the language which for want of a better name we may call the Amoy 
Vernacular or spoken language, contains within itself several real dialects, especially those 
of Chang-chew, Chin-chew, Tung-an, and of Amoy itself. In this Dictionary the form of 
the language spoken at Amoy itself is taken as the standard, and the principal variations of 
the Chang-chew and Chin-chew dialects are marked, as also a considerable number of the 
variations occurring in Tung-an, Chang-poo, and some other regions. 

The language of Amoy, including these subordinate dialects, is believed to be spoken by 
about eight or ten millions. This is the first dictionary of the spoken language. There are 
numerous dictionaries of the universal written language of China. One of these, by the 


Rev. Dr. Medhurst, called "Dictionary of the Hok-kien Dialect," gives the Chang-chew 
sound (or more accurately the sound of Chang-poo, i.e. Chiu n -ph6) of the written characters. 
Some colloquial words are also given in Dr. Medhurst's Dictionary, but they are few, and 
entirely in the Chang-chew or Chang-poo dialect, and unhappily the colloquial forms given 
are often far from accurate. The only other publications that have anything of the 
form of a dictionary are the very brief vocabularies in the Manuals of Doty and Macgowan. 

The basis of this Dictionary is the manuscript vocabulary prepared by the late Rev. J. 
Lloyd, Missionary of the American Presbyterian Church. When I arrived at Amoy in 1855 
I copied it for my own use, adding the additional words in Doty's Manual, and have been 
constantly enlarging and re-arranging the collection of words and phrases ever since. A few 
years after copying Lloyd's Vocabulary I collated the manuscript dictionary written by the 
Rev. Alexander Stronach of the London Missionary Society. I also at a later date went over 
all the words in the native dictionaries of the Chang-chew and Chin-chew dialects, and in 
a native vocabulary which attempts to give the Mandarin words and phrases for the Amoy 
ones. Of these native works the only really good one is the Chang-chew or rather Chang-poo 
Dictionary, named the Sip-ng6-im, which is the basis of Medhurst's Dictionary. Having thus 
the original source to refer to, I have made but little use of Medhurst's work; for such colloquial 
phrases in it as are not drawn from the Sip-ng6-im are very questionable, while its valuable 
book-phrases do not serve my purpose. Macgowan's Manual, though very useful for a 
beginner, was of course published too late for my use. In looking over it I found very few 
words which I had not already in my manuscript. 

No one can be more sensible of the defects of the work than I am myself. It was at first 
prepared for my own use alone; as it grew larger I hoped that it might be used in manuscript 
by beginners, or copied, abridged, or expanded by successive missionaries ; and it was only 
after repeated solicitations, culminating in a formal request by all the members of the three 
Protestant missions at Amoy, that I consented to prepare it for the press. This is my 
apology for all its faults and imperlections. It attempts to fill a real blank and to supply an 
urgent want; and I shall only be too glad when it shall be superseded and forgotten, or 
remembered only as the foundation on which a far more complete and accurate work shall 
have been reared. 

When the Amoy missionaries asked me to prepare for the press the manuscript which I 
had compiled, the Rev. John Stronach of the London Missionary Society, and the Rev. John 
Van Nest Talmage, D.D., of the American Reformed Mission, were at the same time appointed 
to assist me in the revision of it. Mr. Stronach went over the whole from beginning to end, 
but Dr. Talmage was prevented by other duties from revising more than a few dozen pages. 
After their revision it was necessary for me to harmonize and recast the whole (with large 
additions and alterations which never came under their eyes), when writing out the copy for 
the printer. So that while a large share of what is good in the book should be put to the 
credit of my coadjutors, I must myself be held responsible for all its faults. 

The most serious defect is the want of the Chinese character. This is due to two causes : 
(1) There are a very large number of the words for which we have not been able to find the 
corresponding character at all, perhaps a quarter or a third of the whole; and the time when 
it was necessary for me to take my furlough made it impossible to make the search for 
the missing characters, many of them rare, and many difficult to recognize from the great 
variations that take place between the written and spoken forms of the language. (2) Even 
if the characters had been found, it would have been very difficult or impossible for me to 
use the Chinese character in printing at home. But it was necessary to print it during my 
furlough at home, because we have not the means of printing such a work at Amoy; and on 
my return to China I could not have been spared from the mission long enough to go to 
some other port to carry it through the press. I cherish the hope of publishing a Key or 


Sequel in two or three years, giving the characters so far as they can be found. Meantime, 
while I greatly regret that the Chinese character does not appear in the book, I am in one 
sense glad that it is absent. For it may serve to make manifest the fact that the Vernacular 
of Amoy is an independent language, which is able to stand alone without the help of the 
written character. And I should hope that many persons may thus be encouraged to study 
this language who would have been repelled by the sight of the complicated and fantastic 
characters. Of course every missionary, and every one who would be counted a scholar, 
must study the written character too, for the Vernacular or Colloquial cannot for a very long 
time to come possess any literature worthy of the name. 

Another defect, which I greatly regret, is the very scanty identification of plants, 
animals, medicines, &c. Want of time is here also the excuse, which I trust my readers will 
count sufficient. Many such names have been put in with a query, being taken from 
such works as The Fuh-chau Recorder, Notes and Queries on China and Japan, The Phoenix, 
Dr. Porter Smith's Book on Medicines, the various dictionaries of the written language, &c, 
while I had not the means of verifying them. 

To some it seems also a great want that there is no English- Chinese part. But that 
must really be a sejiarate work. The whole style and character of Chinese thought and 
expression is so different from the nearest English equivalents, that the work of reversing 
a dictionary, which at first sight seems very easy, would really be enormous, falling not very 
far short of the original composition. 

With all its imperfections I trust that this book shall prove helpful to those who study 
the language of Amoy. My chief object has been to assist those who are engaged in the 
work of Christian missions ; but for this purpose I have endeavoured to give a full view of 
the language so far as I have been able to learn it; and the book is fitted to be equally 
useful to merchants, travellers, mariners, interpreters, and students. It is most desirable 
that foreigners residing among the Chinese should learn their language, so as to hold direct 
intercourse with them, instead of using the miserable jargon called Can ton -English or 
"pigeon English," or being left at the mercy of interpreters. Few things would so much 
tend to remove causes of dispute or bad feeling, and to make the intercourse between these 
nations both pleasant and beneficial. 

The explanations in the Introduction and Appendix have been much condensed from 
want of time at the last; 1 have therefore not been able to give the several subjects a 
scientific treatment, but have contented myself with such practical directions as will facilitate 
the use of the book and the acquisition of the language. 

In conclusion I would express my thanks to Hugh M. Matheson, Esq., Convener of the 
Foreign Mission Committee of the Presbyterian Church in England; to Eobert Barbour, 
Esq., of Bolesworth; and to C. E. Lewis, Esq., M.P., for the kind liberality which has 
enabled me to publish the work. 

Ate, 4th April, 1873. 

Note. — The corrections and additions prepared by the author in the view of a second 
edition have been incorporated in this issue. They extend to more than two hundred items. 
The proofs of these alterations have been read by the Rev. William Macgregor, M.A., of 

London, May, 1899. 








The vowels a, e, i, o, u, are pronounced much as in 
Italian and German. 

11 as in far. It must never be pronounced with the 
peculiarly English sound of a in man. 

© as in grey. But in the syllables ien, iet, it is 
nearly the same as in men, yet, and sometimes ap- 
proaches to the English a in man. 

i as in machine, not with the short English i in 
swift. Thus the Amoy word sin is almost the same as 
the English seen, but quite different from the English 
sin. Almost the only words which I have observed 
where it comes near the short English sound are chit, 
" this," and hit, "that," which often come very near 
the English words spelled alike. 

O, when final, is pronounced as in no, go. It is also 
thus pronounced when followed by h; for, as is explained 
below, the final h is silent, and merely indicates that 
the vowel is short and abrupt, so that final oh is just 
short final o. 

But when o is followed by m, ng, p, or k, it is pro- 
nounced as in the English hop, sock, long. 

When followed by another vowel it has the first of the 
above sounds, as in go, no, but in some cases very short, 
almost like w, as is fully explained below under the 
head of the diphthongs. 

U as in put, rude. 

6* has the sound of aw in law, saw. This sound is 
really the same as the second sound of o, as explained 
above, so that strictly speaking this letter er should have 
been used in place of o before m, ng, p, and k; but I 
have followed the spelling now universal at Amoy by 
using the letter o before these consonants for the sound 
more accurately written er. 

£ is the French e, or like the English e in there. It 
scarcely ever occurs except in the Changchew dialect, so 
that persons who cannot catch the sound may use e as 
the nearest approximation. 

In vowels with double dots, the double dot always 
indicates a change of the vowel sound, and is never used 
for the diaeresis. 

O is the same as the German 0. It occurs only in 
the dialects of Chin-chew and Tung-an, where it is often 

used instead of the Amoy and Changchew e. Thus any 
one who cannot catch the sound of 6 will be most safe 
to use e instead. It must by no means be confounded 
with o; only Cn. 6e corresponds with A. oe. 

ti is nearly the German u or French u, but not quite 
the same, having often a slight variation from that sound 
in the direction of 6. 

It occurs only in the dialects of Chin-chew and Tung- 
an, in which it frequently takes the place of the Amoy 
u. It almost invariably does so when the Amoy u cor- 
responds to the Changchew i, but it often occurs also 
when the Amoy and Changchew agree in u. Persons 
who cannot get hold of the sound may therefore use u 
as an approximation. 

I is a sound very rarely heard. It is exactly the short 
English i in sit, swift. I have used it in chili, chit, 
hih, hit, tih, where they occur as leading words in 
alphabetical order; but where they occur in the phrases 
and examples under other leading words, I have written 
such words chit, hit, and tih or teh, as their pro- 
nunciation is very indefinite. When slowly and care- 
fully pronounced, chit, hit, are the sounds given. But 
tih, tih, or teh, is never pronounced slowly or care- 
fully, it is always unaccented and rapid, so that its sound 
is much disputed. I refer in these remarks to one word 
only under each of these syllables, for the other words 
under each syllable always retain the clear sound of i. 


In all the diphthongs each vowel is heard distinctly 
with its own proper sound. 

In ai, au, and oe, the first vowel is accented, the 
second unaccented, ai like the English ie in tie; au 
like the English ow in now; oe very nearly as in the 
English Noel. 

In oa, on the other hand, the a is accented; the o is 
unaccented and generally extremely short, almost like 
w, indeed in many words it might be written w when 
pronounced at the usual rate; but when pronounced 
long, the sound of the o is clearly heard, e.g. sometimes 
in the "chiu n -pia n " and "e-khi" tones; and in the 
nasal form oa n , the O is distinctly heard; but in all 
cases great care must be taken not to exaggerate the O 
sound, but to make the a the principal vowel. 

The same remarks apply to oai, where the accent is 
on the a, the whole coming very near the English Wye, 
but with rather more of the O sound. 


In diphthongs beginning with i the accent is usually 
on the second vowel, while the i is sounded very nearly 
like y. Thus, in ia, iau, the accent is on a; in io it 
is on o. 

But in the nasal form ia n , the accent falls nearly 
equally on the two vowels, and the vowel sound of i is 
distinctly heard, though a is still more prominent. 

In iu the accent is nearly equal on the two vowels, 
and sometimes seems even to fall on the i, especially 
when the word is the last word of a clause. 

When the two vowels of a diphthong are almost 
equally accented, it may often be observed that if the 
whole word lose the accent it is the first vowel which 
loses it most thoroughly; e.g. in the word "kiu" a con- 
siderable portion of accent falls on the i, but in the 
phrase kiu-se, where the chief accent falls on sfe, the 
unaccented kiu is pronounced almost like the English 


A small " suspended or written above the line at the 
end of a syllable indicates that the whole syllable be- 
comes nasal. If the syllable contain a diphthong, the 
nasal mark, though placed at the end, qualifies the pre- 
ceding vowel or vowels as well as the last. 

In words beginning with m, n, and ng, I have not 
preserved absolute uniformity. It has been usual with 
many, especially in the American Reformed Mission, to 
write no nasal mark (small ") at such words, but to lay 
down the rule that all words beginning with m, n, and 
ng, are to be pronounced nasally. It seems to me that 
in some such words the vowel has not any distinctly 
nasal sound, and I have therefore endeavoured to write 
it where the sound is really nasal. But through the 
force of habit I have often omitted to write it where it 
should be. Initial j is also somewhat irregular. 


The great majority of the consonants are pronounced 
as in English, or very nearly so. 

ch always as in church; only in the aspirated form 
chh it sometimes approaches to the aspirated sound of 
ts, as is explained below in the remarks on the aspirated 

g is always hard. 

h is always really pronounced, and must never be left 
silent as in many English words. 

j always as in judge. 

1 is often pronounced in a very thick indistinct man- 
ner, approaching to the sound of d, so much so that as 
the language of Amoy has no proper d, the Amoy people 
usually employ a syllable beginning with 1 when trying 
to imitate a foreign word beginning with d. 

ng as in sing, hang; so even at the beginning of a 
syllable. Care must be taken never to bring in the sound 
of g, as in anger, but to preserve the sound of ng simple 
and pure. To a beginner it is often difficult to pro- 
nounce ng as an initial; it is somewhat as if in the word 
singer or longing the si- or lo- were cut off. 

s has always the sharp sound, as in so, sing; never 
sounded like z, as in lose. 

Final consonants are pronounced much more gently 
and softly than in English. In English there is usually 
a slight emission of vocal breath at the end of a final 
consonant, but in Chinese there is not the slightest 
emission of breath at the end of the final consonant, 
which is t\\\xs. final in the strictest sense, the organs of 
speech remaining at the end of the word in the position 
for pronouncing the final consonant; e.g. at the end of 

the Chinese word sam the lips are still shut, at the end 
of kat the tip of the tongue remains touching the palate 
near the teeth, and immediately afterwards the lips are 
opened or the tongue removed without the faintest sound. 
This is the cause of the great softness and gentleness of 
the final consonants in Chinese. 

The finals, k, p, t, are pronounced so gently that it 
is sometimes very difficult to distinguish them from each 

Final m, n, and ng, do not break off abruptly as in 
English, but are somewhat prolonged, being sounded 
with a sort of vowel or vocal murmur in the consonant 
itself. In some tones these finals are much prolonged; 
in the second tone (chiu'-sia") they are briefer, but 
even in it not so short as in English. This prolonged 
murmur is specially remarkable in final eng, which 
sounds almost as if there were an indistinct half pro- 
nounced vowel between the e and the ng. 

m and ng, having a half pronounced vowel within 
the liquid consonant, sometimes make words of them- 
selves, standing quite alone without any vowel attached, 
e.g. ng, ng, m, ih. They are also often found with a 
consonant prefixed, but without any vowel, e.g. sng, 
hhg, hfh. The nature of these syllables without a dis- 
tinct vowel becomes at once unmistakable in singing, as 
at such a word all clear vocal sound at once ceases, and 
nothing is heard but a dull nasal murmur. 

The Aspirated Consonants are a very remarkable 
feature in all the languages of China, and require very 
special attention. They are kh, ph, th, and chh. 
The sounds are the same as those indicated by the same 
notation in the languages of India, being formed by a 
real distinct aspiration pronounced after the respective 
consonants. In the other languages of China it has 
been usual to indicate them by a small inverted or 
suspended comma, thus k', p', t', ch', ts', but h 
has been commonly used at Amoy, and is much more 
distinct. The sounds are almost the same as those 
often used by Irishmen when pronouncing with a strong 
brogue such words as come, pig, &c. ; they are also often 
heard in the mouths of the Scottish Highlanders. 

kh may be thus described : — Pronounce block-house 
with a clear distinct h; remove the letters bio- from the 
beginning and the -se from the end, and you have almost 
exactly the Chinese "khau." Or pronounce look here! 
rapidly and clearly, cut off loo- and -re, and you have the 
Chinese "khi. " 

ph must by no means be confounded with the English 
ph, which is just/; for the Chinese ph preserves the 
clear sound of p followed by an aspiration; e.g. say loop- 
hole very rapidly and sharply, cut off loo- and -le from the 
two ends, and there remains the Chinese "pho." So, 
by removing ha- and -zard from haphazard, you get the 
Chinese "pha." 

th must not be confounded with the English th, which 
is really a simple sound. The Chinese th is a clear 
distinct t followed by the aspirate. Thus the Chinese 
"thau" may be carved out of out-house or hothouse. 

chh is formed in a similar way from the ch of church. 
Take such a word as watch-house or coach-house, remove 
the wa- or coa- from the beginning and the -se from the 
end, and something very near the Chinese "chhau" 

Sometimes chh has a sound more nearly approaching 
to an aspirated ts. This occurs occasionally when chh 
is followed by a, O, &, u, or ng. Generally even before 
these letters the sound remains the same, or very nearly 
the same, as the usual chh, but sometimes it might 



hue been written tsh or ts'h, especially in the dialects 
of Chin-chew and Tung-an, and in other cases it seems 
about half-way between chh and ts'h. But as these 
sounds are not very common, and as they shade gradu- 
ally into the normal chh, I have thought it best not to 
make any change in the spelling usual at Amoy. 

ch itself is not one of these aspirated consonants, for, 
as explained above, it is just the English ch of church, 
which is really t-sh, not containing the real sound of 
h at all. 


The tones are commonly supposed to be a great obstacle 
in the way of learning Chinese, but they really present 
no very great difficulty if studied carefully from the first. 
They can be properly learned only by the ear, and it is 
much better to get them directly from the lips of a 
native. The following remarks are intended merely as 
a help to direct the student in catching the intonations 
of the natives, but they may also be of some slight use 
in giving a general idea of the nature of the tones to 
those who have no opportunity of hearing them spoken. 

It is not the tones themselves, but the use made of the 
tones, which is the peculiar characteristic of the Chinese 
group of languages. Similar tones exist in all languages, 
only differently used. In English, for instance, we pro- 
nounce the word go very differently when we give a hasty 
and angry command, "Go!" and when we ask the ques- 
tion with a mixture of astonishment and horror, "Can 
you dare to go?" The difference of tone is as great in 
English as in Chinese, but in English it indicates merely 
the different feelings of the mind or the different gram- 
matical or rhetorical relations of the same word, while 
in Chinese the same syllable with two different tones 
makes two thoroughly distinct words. 

The Chinese divide the tones into four great classes, 
named at Amoy — 1st, pia n (C. pe n ); 2d, chiu"; 3d, khi 
(Cn. kh'ii) ; 4th, jip, or according to the Mandarin 
sounds, Ping (or more accurately p'ing), Shang, K'u (or 
Ch'ii), and Juh. 

Each of these four classes is or may be divided into 
two subdivisions, called the "upper" and "lower." 
Doubtless when these four classes with their subdivisions 
first received their names, all these names described with 
tolerable accuracy the inflexion and pitch of the several 
tones, but now there is no part of China where the 
names of the tones correctly describe their character. 
It is therefore best in speaking of the tones not to trans- 
late the Chinese words, but either to transfer the Chinese 
terms or to speak of them by their numbers. 

In some parts of China all the eight tones are used; 
in one place they have even been increased to nine; in 
two of the great dialects of Mandarin there are four 
tones and five tones in use respectively. In Amoy, 
though nominally there are eight, yet really there are 
only seven, as the second tone class, the "chiu n -sia n ," 
is not divided into two. I shall describe these seven 
tones used at Amoy, not according to the Chinese order, 
but according to their actual nature. 

The two jip tones, or the upper and lower fourth tone, 
stand quite by themselves. They are distinguished by 
being pronounced with an abrupt or clipped ending, 
almost with a jerk. Originally they all ended in k, p, 
or t, but now the final consonant has in many cases 
been dropped, leaving, however, its trace in a sharp 
abrupt ending which makes something like a hiatus: 
this abrupt vowel ending is indicated by the final h, 

which is absolutely silent. The two jip tones therefore 
can always be recognized by the final letters h, k, p, 
and t. All words ending in these letters belong to the 
jip tones, and no others do. 

Any such word, if it have no accent mark, belongs to 
the chiu n -jip or upper fourth tone. It begins moderate- 
ly high, rises very slightly at first, and then comes down 
with a short, sharp, rapid movement, somewhat like the 
English not when spoken in a very emphatic or impera- 
tive manner, as in the sentence, " You shall not." 

The e-jip or lower fourth tone is indicated by a per- 
pendicular accent, e.g. jip, hak, loh. It begins rather 
lower than the other, and is pronounced with a curious 
upward jerk, which the form of the perpendicular accent 
is intended to suggest, somewhat like not in the sentence 
" Will you not?" pronounced simply as an interroga- 
tion with a mere upward movement, without the pre- 
vious fall of the voice that would be given if it indicated 
strong surprise. 

The other five tones are distributed among the words 
which do not end in h, k, p, or t. 

Two of these five tones are perfectly level, just like 
musical notes, at an interval of about a musical fifth 
from each other. The exact distance of the interval is 
quite immaterial, and in fact it often varies from about 
a musical third to about an octave in the mouth of the 
same speaker, with the nature of the emphasis or emotion 
with which he speaks; all that is necessary for the dis- 
tinction of the tones, and for being well understood, is 
that there be a marked difference of the pitch. 

The higher level tone is called the chiu n -pia n (C. 
t6ng-pe n ), or the upper first tone. It is indicated by 
the absence of any tonal mark, just as the "chiu n -jip" 
has no tonal mark; but these two tones can always be 
at once distinguished at a glance, as the " chiu n -pia" " 
never ends in h, k, p, or t, while the "chiu n -jip" 
always has one of these finals. 

The tone with a low level intonation is called the e- 
khi or lower third tone. It is indicated by a horizontal 
accent, e.g. e, hu. It must not be confounded with the 
"e-pia"" tone, the name of which means "low level," 
but the intonation of which is very far from level, as will 
be seen from the explanation given three paragraphs 
lower down. But the lower third or "e-khi" is really 
low and level in its tone, though the name does not in- 
dicate the fact. 

The three tones which remain are more or less in- 
flected, and cannot be represented by any musical 

The chiu n -khi or upper third tone is a low, slow, 
downward slide; it begins low, about as low as the low 
level (e-khi) tone, and from that low level it gradually 
slides lower till it quite dies away; great care must be 
taken at the end not to allow the voice to turn up again at 
all ; it is represented by the downward slope of the grave 
accent, e.g. pu, khi. It is heard in English when one 
lets the voice fall into a low key, sinking down lower 
and lower till it quite dies away, as when sadly musing 
in simple grief and sorrow (without any anger or excite- 
ment) on some mournful and depressing news; e.g. say- 
ing "Gone!" or "Dead!" 

The e-pia n (C. e-pe n ) or lower first tone first falls and 
then rises. It is the intonation used in English to ex- 
press great astonishment or a strongly marked inter- 
rogation, e.g. "You?" "How?" Its mark is the cir- 
cumflex, e.g. ki, so. 

The chiu n -sia n or second tone, called in Mandarin 
the "Shang" tone, begins somewhat high, lists slightly 


and rapidly, and then comes down with a rapid swing, 
much like a decided imperative in English; e.g. gone, in 
the phrase "Be gone!" This tone is indicated by an 
acute accent, e.g. li, sii, kong, &c. 

The above explanations may be summarized as follows: 






.2 -I 




chiu"-jip, rising slightly and then falling 
rapidly; toh. 

e-jip, rising abruptly; t6h. 






Level Musical 


Single Inflection. 

Dodble Inflection. - 

chiu"-pia", high and 

level; to. 
e-khl, low and level; 


chiu"-khl, low, slow, 
downward slide; to. 

' e - pia", slow circum- 
flex, first falling and 
then rising, as in 
astonishment or in- 
terrogation; to. 
chiu" - sia", slightly 
upward and rapidly 
downwards, like a 
strong imperative ; 

The Chinese at Amoy, &c, usually arrange the tones 
in the following order : — 


chiu"-sia n . 




chiu n -sia n . 



In this arrangement the "chiu"-sia n " appears twice, 
because it is not divided into an upper and a lower sub- 
class. This has caused great confusion in the nomen- 
clature of the tones (by Europeans and Americans) 
according to numbers, for while it has been usual to 
number the first five — 

1. chiu" -pia". 

2. chiu n -sia". 

3. chiu"-khi. 

4. chiu"-jip. 

5. e-pia". 

from that point there has been a divergence, some 
numbering on according to the exact form of Chinese 

6. chiu"-sia". 

7. e-khl. 

8. e-jip. 

Others have counted them as follows : — 

6. e-khi. 

7. e-jip. 

To avoid this ambiguity in naming the sixth and 
seventh tones, I have arranged them as follows : — 

First Tone. ( chiu n -pia", upper first; to. 
pia". ( e-pia", lower first; to. 

Second Tone. — chiu" -sia"; t6. 

Third Toot \ cll iu n -khi, upper third; td 
IHIRD loss. | e . kM) lower third; to. 

Fourth Tone. 

( chiu" 
( e-jip, 

-jip, upper fourth; toh, 
lower fourth ; toh. 

In the alphabetical arrangement of the words in this 
Dictionary the order is therefore "to, to, t6, to, to." 
This does not include the two subdivisions of the fourth 
tone, as the difference of spelling places them in a dif- 
ferent position in the alphabetical arrangement, namely 
"toh, toh." 


The description of the tones given above applies 
strictly only to a word pronounced separately, or to a 
word ending a clause, and pronounced with the primary 
accent (as is usual at the end of a clause or group of two 
or more words); or to a word which, though not last, 
yet has the primary accent, being followed by an enclitic 
or unaccented word. 

But in many cases a word loses the form of tonal in- 
flection described above. 

Sometimes a word becomes enclitic (see Appendix V.), 
in which case the tone dies away somewhat like the 
"chiu"-khl" or the "chiu"-jip," or rather like some- 
thing intermediate between them pronounced very short 
and gentle. No matter what the original tone of a word 
be, this is the one form assumed when enclitic ; and so 
it happens that if an enclitic word be not common in its 
accented form, or if it be not recognized and identified, 
the learner is apt to be misled even by well-educated 
Chinese saying that the word belongs to the " chiu"-khl " 
or to the "chiu"-jlp" tone. The mark which I use to 
indicate an enclitic word is a double hyphen placed 
before the enclitic: this mark has at the same time the 
effect of catching the eye readily, so as to show that the 
word preceding the double hyphen has the strong primary 
accent; e.g. jit— si, day-time; bo— khi, to disappear 
or vanish. 

Sometimes in a group of three words two words follow 
the double hyphen. In that case the primary accent is 
on the first of the three, and the last two. are enclitic; 
a slight trace of a secondary accent is sometimes heard 
on the last of the three, but yet it does not recover its 
own proper tonal inflection; e.g. sak — loh-khi, to 
push down to a lower level; poah— loh-lai, to fall 
down from a higher level. 

When a word stands first in a group of two, of which 
the second has the strong accent, then the first word 
experiences a very marked change in its tonal inflection. 

The chiu"-pia" or upper first tone becomes somewhat 
lower in key, coming down about half-way towards the 
"e-khl," but remaining quite level and equable. 

The e-pia" or lower first loses its inflection, becoming 


very nearly or quite level. In some places it becomes 
extremely like the unaccented "chiu n -pia n ," as described 
in the preceding paragraph; in other places, especially 
in Tang-oa", it becomes undistinguishable from the un- 
accented "e-khl" tone. 

The chiu n -sia n or second tone in such a position 
entirely loses its second half, namely, the falling inflec- 
tion, and retains only its first half, namely, a slight 
upward motion. Great care must be taken not to give 
its usual downward intonation, because (as will be seen 
from the next paragraph) it would in that case be con- 
founded with the altered or unaccented form of the 
"chiu n -khl" tone. 

The chiu n -khl or upper third tone is lifted up so as 
to become a high, rapid, falling tone, almost the same 
as the original inflection of the "chiu n -sia n ." It is also 
pronounced with great energy, so that the two syllables 
sound more like a spondee than an iambus. 

The e-khi or lower third tone sinks a very little 
lower than its original form, with perhaps a very slight 
downward motion. In most cases the alteration of this 
tone is scarcely perceptible, but when the two words are 
both of the "e-khl" tone, then the first is distinctly 
lower than the second; e.g. chln-tsai, cheng-cheng, 

The two jip tones (the upper and lower fourth) simply 
change places with each other, the chiu n -jip being 
pronounced with the original intonation of the "e-jip," 
and the e-jip taking the original intonation of the 
"chiu n -jip." It should also be observed that in this 
connection the "chiu n -jip" is pronounced with much 
more energy than the "e-jip;" e.g. hok-khl being 
almost like a spondee, or the "hok" being given with 
a sort of staccato effect; while hok-sai is an ordinary 
iambus, with the "h6k" thoroughly unaccented. 


As all the words in the language are monosyllables, 
they are usually grouped together in groups of regular 
form and regular accentuation. These groups, of two, 
three, or four words (and sometimes of more), are often 
so absolutely fixed in the usage of the language as to 
become very similar to the polysyllabic words of other 
languages; and within such groups the laws of accent in 
relation to the several words are quite as strict as the 
accentual laws for the several syllables of the words in 
polysyllabic languages. 

The general rule is that the primary accent falls on 
the last word of a group, whether it be a group of two, 
three, or more words. When the accent falls on the 
second last or penult, I have indicated the fact by plac- 
ing a double hyphen after the accented word. This has 
also the effect (as explained in the previous section and 
in Appendix No. V.) of indicating that the word which 
follows the double hyphen is enclitic. When two words 
making a group have no hyphen between them, the 
meaning is that the first word has a sort of secondary 
accent, and retains its own tone unchanged or but 
slightly changed; e.g. hong chhe, the wind blows; 
but in hong-chbe, a paper-kite, the "hong" is quite 
unaccented, as is shown by the presence of the hyphen. 
Such are the more important rules for groups of two 


In a group of three words the general rule is that the 
primary accent falls on the last word, a secondary accent 

on the first, and that the second word is quite unaccented; 

2 1 

e.g. kong-bo-ia" has the primary accent on "ia n ," 
the secondary on "k6ng," and no accent on " b&." 

But sometimes, while the primary accent is on the 
last word, the secondary accent is on the second word, 
and it is then the first word that becomes quite un- 
accented. Such cases may generally be reduced to one 
or other of the following rules, (1) when the second is a 
much more important word than the first, or (2) when 
the tone of the second is a much stronger tone than that 
of the first. 

If the first be a mere auxiliary or a comparatively 
unimportant word, while the second is a word of much 
importance, then the first is apt to lose the tone. Among 
the words which often thus lose the tone at the begin- 
ning of a group of three, the following may be noted: — 
u, to have; bo, not to have; eng, "to use," when in 
the sense of "by" or "with;" lai, "to come," when 
used as a mere connective; khi, "to go," as a mere con- 
nective; teh, tioh, thang, as auxiliaries to verbs, &c. ; 
beh, will; ti,, kah, and such prepositions; na n , 
na°, kap, chiah, chiu, and some adverbs and con- 
junctions; tsap, ten; chit, "one," often used somewhat 
like the indefinite article. Such words often do take 
the secondary accent; but it is very common for them 
to lose the accent, allowing it to pass on to the second 

0^ 2 1 

word; e.g. bo-kau-hun, "no instruction," has the se- 
condary accent on "kau," and none on "b6." So with 
tiob-koa n -jiet, to have fever and ague; teb-kong- 
6e, in the act of speaking; beh-poa n -chb.u, will re- 
move one's residence; tsap-goa-lang, more than ten 
men ; chit-si-lang, one's whole life. 

Another principle which sometimes may explain the 
secondary accent falling on the second word, is when it 
has a very strong tone, such as the "chiu n -khl" or the 
" chiu n -jip," while the first word is not in either of these 
two tones; or as when the second word is of the "ehiu 11 - 
sia n " tone, while the first is not in any of these three 
tones. But on the other hand, if the first word be 
specially important in meaning, it keeps the secondary 
accent, though the second word may have a tone that is 

2 _ 1 

naturally stronger; e.g. chm-khui-l&t, "to exert one's 
strength to the utmost," where the secondary accent is 
on "chin." 

When the principal accent in a group of three falls on 
the second word, I place a double hyphen after it; in 
this case the first word has a secondary accent, or loses 
or changes its tone, and the last word becomes enclitic. 

When the principal accent falls on the first, this is 
indicated by the double hyphen after it; then the second 
and third words become enclitic, the second being quite 
unaccented, and the third either unaccented or else 
having a faint secondary accent. 


The most usual arrangement is that a group of four 
words consists of two groups of two, each having an 
accent on its second word; the first of these subordinate 
groups is usually pronounced somewhat less strongly 

2 1 

than the second; thus in bo-lang beb-kbi, "there is 
no one who will go, " the primary accent is on " khi, " the 
secondary on "htng;" but this secondary accent is often 
almost as strong as the primary. 

When the first two words in a group of four are such 
as kap— i, kap— lang, ka— i, her— i, khit— i, 



chit — e, that half is pronounced very much more gently 

2 1 

than the second; e.g. khit— i thai— si, to be killed 

3 2 I 

by him; kap— i kong-oe, to converse with him. 

When tsap, "ten," stands in the second place, it is 
unaccented, and throws the secondary accent usually 
forward on the third word, while a still weaker or tertiary 

3 2 1 

accent is heard on the first word; e.g. jl-tsap-si-lang, 

3 2 1 

twenty-four men; sa n -tsap-ger-ter, the thirty-fifth 
division of a Hien district. 

A similar effect is produced if any other word weak 
in tone or sense (see above on Groups of Three) stands 

3 2 1 

in the second place; e.g. kau-beh-sit-sin, "to the 
very point of going to faint." 

Sometimes a specially important word in the first 
place draws the secondary accent to itself; e.g. 

2 8 1 

nng-ki-poa n -tli (where a sort of tertiary accent is 
heard on "poa n ," but "nng" is the important word), 
two and a half masts, i.e. a barque. In the latter part 
of the Dictionary I have sometimes written such phrases 
thus, "nhg— ki-poa n -ui." 

Groups of five or more are compounded of shorter 
groups in a similar way. 


I am painfully conscious that my system of using 
hyphens is not wholly consistent in the several parts of 
the Dictionary ; this is especially the case in groups of 
three words, which I have sometimes joined all together, 
and sometimes left one and two, or two and one. But 
my apology is, that too sparing a use of hyphens, as it 
seems to me, has hitherto been made by others; and it 
has been necessary for me to write out the copy for the 
press at home without the opportunity of consulting 

My leading idea in the use of hyphens has been to 
connect together those words which are pronounced 
together without pausing, like the syllables of a poly- 
syllabic word, and where consequently the tone of one 
word is more or less affected by its being joined to 
another; but in some cases where I have not used the 
hyphen, the tone of one word is also somewhat affected 
by the relation to another; for the attempt to string 
together all the words that are mutually affected would 
have made combinations of an unwieldy length. 


There are many ambiguities which, though occasion- 
ally noted, are in many or most places left without 

Such is very specially the case with the ambiguities 
produced by the want of moods, tenses, numbers, per- 
sons, cases, gender, articles, &c, in Chinese grammar. 
So also with the frequent interchange of the parts of 
speech, e.g. adjective with adverb, adjective with sub- 
stantive, verb with preposition, substantive with post- 
position, conjunction with preposition, &c., or sometimes 
three or four parts of speech. 

Names of relationships partake very largely of such 
ambiguity, e.g. peh and chek, meaning not only senior 
and junior uncle, but also senior and junior cousins 
(even any distant cousins) of father when of the same 
surname. Still more extensive is the use of hia n -ti 

and chi-be, meaning not only brothers and sisters, but 
also male and female cousins in great variety. 

Titles of office but rarely correspond to the English 
words, partly from the different number of steps in the 
various gradations, and partly because the number of 
troops supposed to be commanded by military and naval 
officers is often widely different from the reality. So 
also when we speak of the emperor Kang-hi or the 
emperor Kien-lung, we cannot always stop to explain 
that such a name as Kang-hi, Kien-lung, Hien-fung, is 
not a name or title of a person at all, but only the title 
of the period of the reign of the sovereign, whose per- 
sonal name is far too sacred to be either spoken or 
written, and who is properly spoken of, e.g. as Ham- 
hong-kun, i.e. the sovereign who reigned in the period 
or reign called in Amoy "Ham-hong," and in Man- 
darin "Hien-fung." 

The whole system of the so-called civil and military 
degrees is quite different from what we call degrees, and 
comes much nearer to our examinations for the civil and 
military services, though differing from them also in 
many important respects, especially in this — that the 
man who has passed his examination and gained his 
degree has by that very fact had his political position 
quite changed, having many special privileges denied to 
the common people in regard to the action of courts of 
justice and intercourse with the magistrates. 

Of other words a very few examples must suffice; e.g. 
chili, often translated "wine," but which really means 
any spirituous liquor, and rarely if ever means "wine" 
in our sense; beh, either wheat or barley; bu, usually 
translated "military," but really including military 
and naval; siah. marble or soap-stone; iu D , used for 
"sheep," but properly "goat;" thak, commonly ren- 
dered " to read," but really only to read aloud; kong- 
chhin, "an arbiter," but very far from our idea of 
arbitration, meaning simply a person or persons put 
forward by one or both of the parties to use their good 
offices, and endeavour to reconcile the parties (usually 
by a compromise), who are at perfect liberty either to 
accept the solution or not. 

In many other cases too the meanings given are 
merely approximations. It must often have happened 
that, instead of grasping the full meaning of a phrase, I 
have only caught one of its particular applications, while 
at other times a particular use may have been too hastily 
generalized. It is in order to avoid these dangers that 
I have so largely used particular examples instead of 
attempting to combine them in a general expression. 

The student need not be at all surprised if his Chinese 
teacher, or even several of them, object to certain phrases 
or meanings. In such a case let him use those words 
and phrases about which there is no question; but let 
him not too hastily conclude that the book is wrong. 
Many many times I have erased passages which I after- 
wards found quite correct and restored to their places. 
For there is no absolute standard of the spoken language; 
and the usage of various towns, villages, and regions 
varies so much, that phrases in constant use in one part 
are unknown in another. 

At the same time the student must not lean too much 
on the Dictionary. The sounds, and especially the tones, 
must be carefully learned from the lips of a native; and 
when some words and phrases have been learned, it is 
only by constant intercourse with the people that one 
can master the art of combining them into sentences in 
a correct and natural manner. 

The teachers themselves are the source of one sort of 


XV 11 

error which is doubtless still represented to some extent 
in these pages. They are accustomed to adorn their 
own language with a variety of polite and literary 
phrases, and they are very apt to teach us such phrases 
as if they were really colloquial, while to the great mass 
of the people they are as unintelligible as Latin or 
French to an average Englishman. I have inserted 
many such phrases with the note "(R. )" to show that 
they belong to the Literary or Reading form of the lan- 
guage; but doubtless not a few have escaped my notice. 

There are also a considerable number of phrases which 
have somehow come to be used by those Chinese who 
have much intercourse with foreigners, and which they 
continue to use because foreigners are supposed to 
understand them. Against such expressions the student 
must be very much on his guard. 

I observe on looking over the pages some inconsisten- 
cies of spelling; e.g. ma=mah, the interrogative par- 
ticle; ah=a, the final indicative or vocative particle; 
cheh.=chit-e, &c. I fear also that some mistakes 
which I made in my early scrolls have not been fully 
eliminated, e.g. chin sometimes written where it should 
be "chin," in such phrases as chin-ho, very good. 

In noting the variations of the dialects of Chang-chew, 
Chin-chew, &c, there is a peculiar sort of error which 
has sometimes crept in, viz. changing one part of a 
phrase into the dialect in question without making the 
corresponding change in the other part, as if in illus- 
trating the change of mfig into mui n in Chang-chew, 
one should write e-mui n , as the Chang-chew name of 
Amoy, while it is really £-mui n ; or as if in a sentence 
of the Chin-chew dialect one had failed to change kong 
into son, or ke into ko. 

Some more remarks on these dialects will be found in 
the Appendix Nos. II. and III.; but neither there nor in 
the body of the Dictionary is there anything like a full 
treatment of their variations. The Chang-chew dialect 
is the one most copiously treated, so that it is believed 
that in the leading words most of its variations are 
noted. The next in copiousness is the Chin-chew dialect, 
but it is not nearly so fully treated. Of the other 
dialects very little is noted except those of Tung-an and 
Chang-poo. Therefore the student must not conclude 
that a given word or phrase remains unchanged in ono, 
of these dialects merely because no variation is noted. 



A. Amoy dialect. 

An. or Ank. Ankoi or An-khoe dialect. 

Bud. Buddhist. 

C. Chang-chew dialect. 

cf. compare. 

Cn. Chin-chew dialect. 

col. colloquial or vernacular, as opposed to the lite- 
rary or reading form. 

dist. distinguish from. 

E. dialect of Erig-chhun or Yung-chun. 

esp. especially. 

P. phrases especially used in Formosa. 

f. foreign phrases, viz. names or phrases invented 
to describe foreign things or ideas, or phrases 
used only or chiefly by those Chinese who 
have intercourse with foreigners. 

fig. figurative. 

gen. generally. 

H. dialect of Hui-an or Hui-oa 11 . 

K. or Kk. dialect of Kwan-kow or Koan-khau. 

L. dialect of Nan-an or Lam-oa". 

lit. literally. 

Mand. Mandarin dialect, or Vernacular of Northern, 
Central, and Western China. 

opp. opposed to. 

P. dialect of Chang-poo or Chiu n -phe\ 

R. reading or literary style, as to sound or meaning. 
When written in parentheses after a Chinese 
word or phrase, means that it is a literary or 
polite word or phrase, not used in the collo- 
When written before a Chinese word, both be- 
ing in brackets or parentheses, means that 
it is the reading sound of the character of 
which the colloquial form is given in the 
When followed by an English word or phrase, 
means that the rendering given is used only 
in the reading or literary style, or transferred 
to the colloquial only in a few set phrases. 

r. rare. 

8. see; this abbreviation is used only when there 
are two phrases having exactly the same sound 
and tone, e.g. tsai-tsii, either "a man of 
wealth" or "a talented man;" where it occurs 
under "wealth" it has the note "(s. talent);" 
and where it occurs under "talent" it has the 
note "(s. wealth)." I refer merely to the 
English meaning, because the Chinese word 
referred to is, and must be always, the very 
same sound and tone with the leading word 
(in this case "tsai"), under which the phrase 

T. dialect of Tung-an or T&ng-oa". 

Tt. dialect of Chang-tai or Tio-thoa. 

v. see; referring to a Chinese word where more 
full information is given, or where additional 
examples are collected. 

vulg. vulgar or coarse expression. 

X. phrase used by the missionaries or native Chris- 
tians; either not used at all by others, or used 
rarely or in a different sense. 

I have not loaded this table with such well-known 
abbreviations as id., do., &c. 

The abbreviations for the varieties of the dialects are 
used thus : —Within parentheses immediately after the 
leading word, and with nothing else in the parentheses, 
they mean that all the words and -phrases under that 
leading word belong to the dialect referred to, unless 
otherwise noted; e.g. "bocb. (C), =A. beh," implies 
that any phrase given under that leading word "boeh" 
belongs to the Chang-chew dialect. So also " til n (Cn. )," 
implies that all the phrases under that leading word 
"ta n " belong to the Chin-chew dialect; but in this latter 
example some of the phrases have the note "(A.)," 
meaning that they are used in Amoy. 

When the abbreviation for a dialect is used within 
parentheses followed by a Chinese word or phrase, it 
means that this is the form in the said dialect for the 
Amoy word or phrase that precedes the parenthesis. 

When preceded by the word "also" it means that 
while the word in some other sense or usage belongs, for 
instance, to the Amoy dialect, yet in the cases specified 
it belongs to that one of the dialects which is specified; 
but in such case the examples of phrases given after- 
wards belong to the Amoy. 

When "R." stands at the beginning of a sentence 
within brackets or parentheses, and before the end of the 
parenthetic part the abbreviation " = col." occurs, the 
" = " is used merely in an etymological sense, denoting 
that the subjoined colloquial words belong to the same 
reading form, or spring from the same root, and does 
not mean that they have the same meaning. 

A double hyphen " — " is used to indicate that the 
succeeding word is enclitic. 

A small cross "( + ) " is used as the mark of addition, 
to indicate that other examples of the phrase, or another 
phrase of the same sound and tone, will be found in an- 
other part of the collection of phrases under the same 
leading word. Thus under the word (ElflU, "head," 
the phrase koa n -thau occurs twice in very different 
senses, each time with this mark. In the earlier part 
of the Dictionary this mark is not used. 

3.3, 1.15, and such like combinations, i.e. a numeral 
in large type followed by a dot at the bottom and a 



mini ral in smaller type, are used for the Chinese month 
and day, e.g. 1.15 is the 15th day of the first month. 

A full explanation of the orthography and tonal marks 
will be found in the Introduction. Some of the more 
important rules may be briefly stated as follows : — 

The vowels are all pronounced according to the sounds 
usual in Germany, Italy, &c, and not according to the 
English usage when it differs from the continental. 

er expresses the sound of O in the English lord, long, 
lot; O has sometimes this sound, sometimes the sound 
of O in the English no (see the rule in the Introduction). 

e is the sound of the French "e," or of the English 
"e" in there. 

Double dots are never used as marks of diaeresis, but 
always indicate a vowel of a really different sound. The 

mark of diaeresis is never required, because in all diph- 
thongs each vowel retains its own original sound. 

d and ii as in German. 

The consonants are for the most part used much as in 
English, g always hard; cli always as in church. 

th and ph must not be sounded as in English. They 
are pronounced by appending a real aspirate sound to 
the usual sounds of t and p respectively. 

kh and are in like manner formed from k and 
ch by adding a clearly- pronounced aspirate. 

The accent marks have nothing to do with the sounds 
of the vowels or consonants: they indicate the modula- 
tions of tone, as is partially explained in the Introduc- 
tion. In a diphthong they do not refer to one vowel 
only, but to the whole syllable. 


chh, kh, ng, ph, th, and ts are used in the al- 
phabetic arrangement like single consonants; thus, for 
instance, all the words beginning with the unaspirated 
k are given to the end, as far as kut and kwat, before 
kha and the others which have kh as their initial. 

e is mixed up with e, and ii with u, for convenience 
of reference, as they are respectively mere dialectic vari- 
ations of these vowels. 

er and 6 are placed just after the corresponding syl- 
lables which are formed with O; e.g. ter and to follow 
to; toh follows toh; and tong follows tong 1 . I am 
not sure whether this be the best plan to follow, but it 
is the arrangement which I at present use. 

Words that have a nasal, indicated by a small sus- 
pended " n " at the end, follow immediately the same 
syllables without the nasal. But when the initial is 
m, n, ng, or j, the nasal and non- nasal forms are 
mixed up, as this makes reference easier, because many 
words are written both ways. 

The tones of any one syllable are arranged thus: — 
chiu n -pia n , e-pia"; chiu n -sia n ; chiu n -khl, e-khl; 
e.g. "seng, s§ng; s6ng; seng, seng." This does not in- 
clude the two jip tones, which, being differently spelled, 
i.e. always ending in h, k, p, or t, are found usually at 
a little distance off: their order is — chiu n -jip, e-jip; 
e.g. "sek, sek." 




fl (R. id.), a prefix in some nouns and in names of 
Cantonese, a-pan, a sailor who climbs masts; obsti- 
nate (v. pan), a-gui, asafoetida. a-ko, son of a first- 
class mandarin, a-koat, name of a Cantonese, = A. 

il — a-ka, medicine made from turtle-bones. 

a (R. id.) a-pkien, opium (v. phien). 

£1 — a-put-to, = ah-put-t6, a sort of doll. 

,*l (R. id.) i-i a-a, sound of a flute, a-a-kio, 
sound of a child just beginning to make the sound "a-a." 

a — a-tsa, =am-tsam, dirty, unclean (lit. or fig.) 

Sk — a-tkau. (imit. of mand.), a female slave. 

Sb — jiau-a, a large sort of gong. 

R [R. a crow], er-a, a crow. e-a-leng, an arti- 
ficial feather, worn by some officers (v. 16ng). 0-a kio 
pai-sui (the crow has called the lame man Sui), said of 
a man who formerly had a good character, being sud- 
denly led away into vice and ruin. 

a, exclamation of surprise. 

a (C), = A. la,—, a-sam, = A. la-sam, dirty. 

a [R. tsu, a son], (Cn. ngi,, ngid ka"), (T. some- 
times i, or ah enclitic), suffix of nouns, often diminutive, 
ku-a, a .saw. ku-a, wife's younger brother. i-a, 
wife's younger sister, kau-a, a dog ; a little dog. 
kha-a, inferior assistants. 

a (R. tsu ]), enclitic suffix in names of common people, 
acquaintances, or persons about same rank (Cn. only said 
of young boys, while it is a prefix for adults) — . boat — 
a, the man named "hoat," more politely called "hoat- 

<i (T.) a-i, = A. am-per-che\, the cicada. 

a (Cn.), prefix to names of persons. a-s6ng = A. 
"sorig--4" or "s<5ng-li3." 

a = an, prefix to titles of relations superior to us. 
a-tia, papa, a-pek, uncle! sometimes papa! 

a [R. pek, a hundred, = col. pah], poek-a-chi", 
eight hundred cash, kau-a-lak, nine hundred and 

a (sometimes n&), syllable used in forming some 
phrases: e.g. bin-a-tsai, to-morrow; m-a, but indeed 
(v. m). 

a = ka. pkah-a-ckkiu n , to sneeze. 

a (R. ek = col. ia), or. a-bo, or not. a-si, or it 
is; or. 

«l = i&u. a -be, not yet. 

a = iah (R. ek). a-na n -bek, a-na n -m, having half 
a mind to it. 

a [R. secondary], a-seng, a sage of secondary 
rank, as Mencius or as Yen-hwuy (Gan-h6e). a-goan, 
a Keujin near the head of the list for the veai 

a (R. au). a-pa, very cross and bad-tempered, as 
a child. 

a = iah (R. ek), also. 

a n , imitative sound. a n -a n -kau, sound of children 
crying. a n -a n -jiong', incessant noise, i-i a n -a n , 
sound as of several men rowing a boat, or of many chil- 
dren. i n -i n a n -a n , sound as of musical instruments. 

a n — ptin a n -m-chk£ n (C), sound of wind instru- 

a n , an exclamation of great surprise. 
Y a n (R. Ian = col. noa n ), to guard or protect, as by 
arm or wing (e.g. a hen guarding her brood); to put the 
arm or arms round a person loosely, so as gently to keep 
from falling or going away, or to ward off a stroke, or 
screen from an enemy. a n -tsab, to defend one party 
in a quarrel, khak-a 11 kit-peng, throws his in- 
fluence rather on that side. a n -ckiak, to keep things 
for oneself to eat, as by arm put round them, a" toa- 
kun, to take the lion's share. 

a n , to embrace tightly with one or both arms; to 
fold to one's breast ; to hold or carry between arm and 
breast, but not so tightly as "ngoeh;" to shelter by 
arm tightly pressed. d n --tek, to cover or shelter 
below or behind one's arm, &c. a n — e, an adopted child. 
a"-na n tsde-ckit-e, to hold several things at once 
under the arm, or between the arm and the breast. 

«l n , to lean against, chkui a n -ckkui, to put 
mouth to mouth. 

a n — kong-a n -tau, a long dark red legumt. 

«l n (Cn.), sometiines = A. ka n — . m-a n , = A. m-ki D , 
not dare. 

cl n (R. hi6ng = col. ng, hia"), to stoop or bend down; 
to face towards. a n -tkau, to bend down the head. 
a n -io, to bend forwards, bending the loins as in making 
a bow. a n -tek-ckiak, bending down to eat. a n - 
tek-kkoa n , bending down to look, a"— loh-lai 
tkia n , bend down to hear, as superior. a n -tek-tkia n , 
to bend the ear to listen. a"-a n tek-thia n , several 
persons listening thus, a" hi-kkang, to bring the 



a n 




ear near another's mouth. phi-phak-a n , appearance 
of falling forward with arms extended. sa n -chiah-a n , 
fitting well together, as parts of a piece of furniture; 
friendly; of one mind, bin a n -lam, facing south, as 
house. a n -hai, facing the sea. 

a" (R. ham), stuffing or contents of pies, tarts, cakes, 
&c. a n -pia n , cakes with stuffing of pease-meal, &c. 
bo-a n , solid and uniform, as cake with no stuffing. 
ke-a n , stuffing of steamed cakes. ti n -a n , sweet 
stuffing, kiam-a", salt do. ti n -phe kiam-a" (a 
sweet cake with salt stuffing), a man who seems friendly, 
but is really hostile, cheng-sin-phe gong-a n , 
appearance of intelligence while really stupid. 

a n , sound of a cow bellowing. 

illl (R. ek). ah-lah, to compel, ah-jih, to force 
an unwilling man to do something. ah-16h, to repress 
or curb, as temper or desires, or as other man. all 
iau-be-16h, not yet subdued, as temper, &c. 

all (R. ap), to guard, escort, restrain; to write the 
regular words or dates with red ink on an official docu- 
ment; to make a stroke with the stern larboard oar, 
worked by the right hand, so as to turn the boat's head 
to the right. 

ah-un, to rhyme. 

ah-kng, a ship's carpenter. 

ah-tang, to pass the season (especially the winter) 
abroad, as vessel, te ah-tang, the tea is stored up 
for next year's market. 

ah-au, to follow, as guard or escort, ah-hidng, 
to send government money, under escort, to superior 
mandarins. ah.-tsun, to convoy a ship, ah-sang, 
to escort, ah-hoan, to guard or escort a criminal. 
ah-soah, to restrain, ah-he, to take charge of cargo, 
ah-hu, overseer of numerous coolies carrying burdens, 
or of chair-coolies, khu-ah, to keep in ward, as a 
criminal, or as parties in a lawsuit. ah-koan, to be 
confined in the less miserable prison. 

ah-chiii 11 , to row hard with the stern oar, so as to 
turn the boat's head round, almost like a helm. h.&- 
li-ah, you take the stern oar (position of honour in a 
boat), khah-sit-ah, strike very gently with the oar 
in your right hand, ah be-chiu n , give a stroke with 
the larboard oar, so as to turn boat's head to right. 
ah. thau-chiu", strike with port oar (held in left 
hand), so as to turn boat's head to left. ah. thau-tit 
(C), id. 

ah jit-chi, to mark the date with red ink on an 
official document, ah-jit, id. chhiam-ah, to write 
the date and make the regular marks in red ink on 
an official document ; the official who writes them. 
chhiam-ah toa-ia, this official, hoe-ah, the mark 
on a document below the name, serving as signature. 

all, enclitic particle at end of exclamations and of 
indicative sentences. chham--ah, alas! 

all (T.), = A. a, enclitic particle at end of names of 

all [R. ek, to benefit, = col. iah]. ah-bu-chhau, 
a medical plant used for the menses of females. 

all (R. ap), a duck, ah-heng, a young drake 
(v. hting, male), ah-heng, embryo in duck's egg 
(v. heng, form), ah-kak, a drake, ah-bu, a duck 
(female), ah-bu tsng-kim-sin, ia-si pi n -chhui 
(a duck, though adorned with gold on its body, yet has 
a flat bill), said of a dandy appearing ludicrous with all 
his finery, ah-bu-chhui, a duck's bill; a hook worn 
on one's dress for carrying small things, ah-bu-chhui 
bong-lu (duck's bill dabbling about at random), to 

make an attempt or ask a favour with very small hope 
of success, but may just as well make the attempt. 
ah-bii-toe (having a sole like a duck), said of a man 
whose foot is very broad and flat at the instep instead 
of the usual hollow; also of a peculiar vulgar waddling 
gait, shaking from side to side. 

ah-chiii", duck's web-foot, ah-nng, duck's eggs 
(v. nng). ah-hien, small feathers at duck's tail; two 
small balls near its tail, ah-pa, dried duck, ah- 
siu", id. thai koe-ah, to kill fowls and ducks. 

ah-kha-soe, a grain like small millet, ah-kha- 
sek, id. 

chhai-ah, a sort of duck much in use. the - - 
hoan-ah, the common duck. chia n -hoan-ah, a 
similar sort, tsui-ah, wild duck ; also said of the 
"chia n -hoan-ah." hai-ah, a sort of wild sea-bird. 

chhit-geh-poa" ah-a m-tsai-si (a duck in the 
middle of the seventh month, when ducks are usually 
offered to the spirits of the dead, and yet not fearing 
death !), said in scolding a man for bad conduct without 
fear in spite of impending calamity. 

all — ah-chhioh, a square-shaped ruler for 
drawing lines or cutting paper straight. 

all (R. ap), a casket or small case, ah-ba, id. 
siu n -ah, trunks and caskets, hoe-ah, a flowered 
casket; a case for flowers, gek-ah, a casket made of 
jade, siah-ah, a marble casket, chha-ah, a wooden 
casket, in-sek-ah, box with red ink for stamping. 
bak-ah, a paper or wooden case for sticks of ink. 
kia n -ah, a case for a mirror, hun-ah, a case for 
hair-powder, hun-ah, a tobacco-box. bo-ah, an 
hat-box. thiap-ah, case for invitation cards (v. thiap). 
teng-ah, case for small steelyard, chiam-ah, a 
small needle-case. 

all, to support, as a screen or partition in danger 
of being blown in, as by a cross-bar, or as by one's arm 
laid along it. ah— teh, id. ah hit-si, turn it in 
that direction, ah-ke-lai, ah-ke-khi, to turn a 
thing back and forwards, ah-to, to bend or throw 
down, khit-hong ah-to, to be blown down, as a 
screen; to be thrown on her beam-ends, as a ship, ah- 
put-to, a doll made with a heavy round base, so that 
when pushed over it always rights itself, he-lam ah- 
sai, to turn to the south and west, as fair-weather wind 
in spring. 

ai [R. dust], tin-ai (R.), dust floating in the air. 
lam-hong-ai, mist caused by the south wind, ai- 
bu, id. thun-ai (C), soot. 

ai — tio-chiu-ai, plays in the Swatow dialect. 

ai (R. id.), exclamation of grief, pain, or distress, 
ai-chham, id. ai-ai-kio, to call mournfully, pi- 
ai (R.), very sad and sorrowful, ai-oan, to repine 
bitterly (v. oan). ai-eh, grieved, and murmuring in- 
wardly, khit-ai kiu-lin, to beseech earnestly for 
some favour when in distress. 

ai [R. to pass time, &c. ,=col. oe]. u-lai-ai (T.), 
to have such connection with a man (as by relationship, 
friendship, or business), that we have some influence 
with him, or that we are involved in his troubles. 

ai — ai--ia, exclamation on a sudden feeling of 
surprise, regret, or pain, ai — 6, id. ai — ioh, id. ai- 
ioh-thia", oh, how painful ! 

ai — ai-a, expression of wonder (somewhat de- 

cli [R. a pass, or gate at a pass], ai-miig, street 
gates, ai-khau, a fortified gate or pass, koan-ai, 
a gate in a pass, hiam-ai, very important as a pass. 





<Yl (R. id.), to wish, to desire, to like; apt to; to have 
a tendency to. ai-beh, to wish; to desire, ai-chia, 
to wish to be here, m-ai, not to wish; indisposed (of 
mind or body); I don't want it. seng-khu m-ai, 
unwell, ai-ther, having a tendency to vomit, ai-ther, 
to desire a rabbit, ai-ke-lang, infectious, ai kau- 
pi n , unhealth)-, as a place, hit-ser-tsai, lang ai- 
si — khi, that place is very unhealthy and deadly, ai 
tek-tsoe lang, apt to give offence. 

i-ai, to desire very much ; to desire and purpose. 
ai-sioh, to love; to compassionate, keng-ai, to re- 
verence and love, thiong-ai (R. ), to love, to favour, 
as a concubine, lek-ai, to love too much, as son or 
nephew; to love blindly and with partiality, so as not to 
observe or punish his faults, and rather screen him. 
lek-ai put-beng, id. iii-ai (r. ), very affectionate (as 
brothers), sit-ai, to be less loved than others, as child 
when parents are partial, leng-jin kho-ai, lovable. 
kho-ai (r.), id. siong-ai, mutually loving (as man 
and woman), un-ai, to love greatly, as man and 
woman, leng-ai (R.), your daughter. 

sun-ai, a short wide-mouthed trumpet (counted diffi- 
cult to play), ai-a, a sort of wind-instrument. 

ai — un-ai, mumps (v. un). 

al — ai n -ai"-chhan, to groan mournfully. 

ai n , interjection expressing surprise and pleasure. 

Oil" (T.), =A. eng, leisure. 

ai" (P.), =iang, to carry on the back, as a man or 

aill", exclamation of regret at a loss or misfortune 
(cf. eh and ut). ih n -aih n , discontented, grumbling 
state of mind, as at a misfortune, or as in a dilemma, 
when either choice is very inconvenient, m-sai ih n - 
aih n , don't distress and worry yourself about it. ih n - 
ih n aih"-aih", grumbling at something that has hap- 
pened and cannot now be put right, e.g. when it would 
not be polite to find fault, or when the man who has 
done it is too powerful. 

ak (R. id.), to water; to drench, ak-tsui, to 
water, ak-pui, to water with liquid manure, ak- 
he>, drenched with rain, ak-hoa-he, to extinguish 
fire with water. ak-sit-he, id. ak-tam, to drench. 
ak xmg-sa 11 seng-khu, drenched to the skin several 
times, ak kau-sa n -thau-thau, wet to the skin. 

ak — ak-tsak, disorderly and inconveniently 
crowded with articles, as a lumber-room; sad or anxious. 

ak (R. ok), mfig-ak, sort of outer gateway or 

ak (R. ok), a reel or spool for winding thread, ak- 
a, id. se-ak, id. for cotton. si-soa n -ak, id. for silk. 

aill (R. id.), a Buddhist monastery, nunnery, or 
temple, am-i", id. am-thg, id. he-siu"-am, 
Bud. monastery, li-ker-am, Bud. nunnery, bong- 
am (C), a grave with a sort of shrine or pinnacle at the 
back,, one of the Buddhas. ter-tfig- 
am (temple of stomach and bowels), said of a literary 
man absorbing funds collected on the pretext of building 
a temple. 

aill — am-pe-che, the cicada. am-kong- 
tsun (C), id. (v. tsun). 

am [R. to understand], put-am, not understand- 
ing matters, put-am se-bu, does not know how to 
manage matters, put-am se-su (r.), ignorant of the 
rules of politeness. 

am — am-am, foolish; stupid, am-gong, do. 

am-kham, do. am-kham-gong, very very stupid, 
am-tbam, foolishly greedy. 

aill — am-am, mixed together without distinc- 
tion, am-lam, id. am--teb, id. ho-am-phai n , 
good and bad mixed, am-lai am-kbi, taking a whole 
lot on an average, good and bad together, am-lai 
kab-kbi, id. am-lam-baub, count the price in one 
lot on an average. 

aill — am-koe, a long and slender kind of pump- 
kin, often used salted. 

aill — koe-am, a basket for fowls (C. ke-lam). 

aill — am-tsam (Cn.), filthy (v. tsam). 

illll (R. ham), a small covered drain or run for water, 
tsui-am, id. ; also tubular tiles used for them, tau- 
am, a sluice, so-am, a sink, kau-am, a covered 
drain, khia-am, a perpendicular water-pipe or drain, 
am-tbau, a funnel-shaped tube of stoneware or metal 
placed where the gutter of a roof runs off. am-kbang, 
a small covered drain, am-khang-ku (a tortoise in 
a drain), a man who seldom goes out. 

aill (probably = am), am-peng-sui-khang, holes 
for running off water from deck; scupper-holes, am- 
pai n -sui-khang (T. ). id. 

tilll (R. ham), am-tam-hioh, a leaf used for adul- 
terating tea. am-le (P.), a tree (v. le). 

{ilH — am-pui (Cn. ), a stinking insect, = A. chhiu- 

aill, rice-water, am-am, thin and watery, like 
thin rice-water; also (T.), flabby, as man's skin and 
flesh. am-chiu", rice-water, am-be, congee ; rice 
boiled very soft and watery, am-sng, soured rice- 
water (for bleaching), am-tang, coagulated rice-water, 
am-pbeb, scum of rice-water, am-pui, do. am- 
pbi (Cn.), do. ebbin-am, cold rice-water, am- 
tbng, warm rice-water, pbun-am, rice-water mixed 
with the water in which rice had been washed. cbiu n - 
am, to starch with rice-water. 

all! (R. id.), dark; secret; surreptitious; dark and 
evil; late at night; to keep secret improperly — or make 
secret improper gains. 

koe-am, getting soon dark, as short or cloudy day. 
beb-am, almost dark, am-be tiau-mi n , rain about 
dark lasts through the night, geb-am-mi", a dark 
moonless night, bong-bun-am, twilight of the even- 
ing; dusk, am-iu (Cn.), very late at night, am-be, 
giving a bad flame (as damp wood), am-boe (C), at 
dark, am-tbau, the dark night, am-bun, dark and 
cloudy, as night (v. hun). am-cbbiu n , dark as night. 

er-am, dark (v. er). am kbam-gong, very foolish. 
am — te, a dark place; hades. 

sa n -jit-am, the third night after marriage, or after 
the ceremony of changing natal flowers (oa"-hoe), &c. 
tiam sa n -jit-am, to keep a lamp burning three whole 
days without ceasing, after certain rites, ebboa be- 
sa n -jit-am, not yet three days after marriage; said of 
an early quarrel. 

am-tam, indistinct, as a colour, or as cloudy weather; 
dull -coloured, am-sek, dark-coloured, sek-tsiii 
am, the colour is dull, am-lam, dark-blue. 

am-so-so, very dark, am-so-so," id. am-so- 
so, id. am-bok-bok, id. am-bong-bong, id. 
am-bong-sa, to grope. er-am-bong, id. am- 
tsut-tsut, quite dark, am-bong, very dark, as room; 
very dim, as lamp, am-pbong, id. 

am-bong, incognito, in people's dress, or sending 
messengers to make secret inquiry; to investigate secret- 










ly, as mandarin, am-kui, a secret mark on the skin, 
as a wart, am-kui, a secret bolt, as of a door or drawer. 
am-iok, to make a secret agreement. am-cbl n , secret. 
am-cbi n , a secret arrow (v. chi n ). am-siu n , to medi- 
tate silently on some purpose, tbau-lai am-kbi, to 
come and go secretly, am-ke, a secret plot, am- 
bun, to hate secretly. am-b&, to conspire, sai am- 
tok, to conspire to injure a man. am-sim t&-ber, id. 
cbbai am-tok, id. sai am-pe>, id. am-tsong, 
to secrete; to hide. 

am-sam, dark and dirty, as room; improper and 
depraved (v. sam). kiab-teng, m-tsai kba-e am 
(carrying a lamp, does not know the dark place under 
his feet), said of a man not knowing his own faults. 
kia n -am-l&, to practise gambling, licentiousness, &c. 
am-ler ka n -kia n ; cbi n -gun bo-tbia n , wasting 
money lavishly in licentious pleasures. 

am — khi, to keep secret improperly, am lang-e- 
cbi", to make secret unfair gains out of a man's money. 
am-nih" tam-poh, id. am-kbam, to get secret 
gains at employer's expense (v. kham). su-am, secretly 
appropriate part of public funds. 

am-kong-cbiau, the owl. am-oa n -cbiau (T.), 
id. am-koa-cbiau (T.), id. 

am — am-kiam siong-hong, = an----, two 
persons watching each other (v. hn). 

JIH1 (R. ham, or hang), the neck, am-a, do. am- 
kun, do. am-kun-kut, vertebras of neck, am- 
kun-kbu, the prominent part on back of neck, where 
the back-bone joins. am-kun-ku, Adam's apple. 
am-kun-tsu, id. am-kun-kun, muscles of neck. 
kek am-kun-kun teb-kong, to talk in a very irri- 
tated way. am-kun ebbai-chbai, neck very short, 
am-kun si n -liu tii--ti6b, it cannot be helped. 

am-kui, the front of the throat. kong-6e tiu n 
am-kui, almost choking with rage in speaking. tiu n 
am-kun-kui, id. 

am-a-krig, the throat, the gullet, am-e, the throat 
below the chin, e-am, id. teng-am, the upper part 
of the neck. 

am-s§, dewlap of cow; babies' napkin or bib. am- 
seb (C), id. am-koa", a child's napkin; also (Cn.), 
a string of various things hung round a child's neck. 
peb-am-tsoa, a very venomous serpent with white 
breast, peb-am-koa" (C. ), id. peb-am-- i, a worm 
with white breast, used in medicine. 

niau n -am, neck having a scar from a sore. jiau n - 
am, id. ebbau-am, neck having a large sore on it. 
toa-am-liu, large tumour or goitre on neck, oai- 
am, having a wry neck, and head bent down on one 
side, oai-am-a, id. oan-am, said of an affair diffi- 
cult to manage, in which many blunders are made; also, 
of suddenly meeting a man whom we wish to avoid, 
tiau-am, to hang oneself. tbi n -am, to stretch out 
its neck and look up, as a beast (not said of man). 

tsui im-am (water up to neck), said of very great 
and imminent danger, lun-tbau bill-am, attitude 
of looking or listening intently with head drawn back. 
nau n -tbau tsun-am (C), to shake about head and 
neck improperly. 

aiH (R. hfi,). am-boe, a young frog, am-mui", 
id. ; some say (esp. T.) a tadpole. 

Jllll (R. iam), dense and luxuriant, as grass or shrubs, 
or foliage. 

Sill (T.), = hoan. an-tsu, = A. han-tsfl, sweet pota- 

ail [R. peace; to set at rest, = col. oa n ], to put on, 

as gilding, turf, &c. (to make orderly arrangement); to 
consecrate, i.e. to perform rites when anything is first 
made or used, so that it may be fortunate, an-un, safe. 
an-jien, in quiet ease and comfort, an-jien tsu-tsai, 
id. an-ban tsu-tsai, id. an-cbeng, at peace and 
quiet without any trouble. an-16k (R. ), happy, peace- 
ful, and comfortable (v. 16k). an-sek-jit, Sabbath, an- 
biob-jit, id. peng-an, peace and quiet, peng-an- 
bo-su, id. peng-an-ebbi, the cactus, peng-an 
tai-kiet, peace and great prosperity, peng-an-cbio, 
Tauist rites to procure blessings, peng-an-soa 11 , a 
medicine for colic, ebbeng-an, to salute, as by letter 
or by messenger. 

an-sim, cheer up, keep your mind at rest; a peaceful 
mind, an-ui, to comfort, an-bin, to quiet the minds 
of the people, an-bin, may you sleep quietly, good- 
night, an-sin, to dwell in quietness, bo-te tbang 
an-sin, having no place to rest or live at peace, an- 
hun, contented with our state or our business, an- 
ka, to put one's household matters pretty straight by 
some money given or advanced by employer (or bor- 
rowed), before going abroad, an-ka-gun, money thus 
given or lent, an-iii" (Cn. ), to bring up as an adopted 
child or slave, an-ti, to prepare, as place; or set in 
order, as room for guests, an-tun, to put in order, as 
a room; to set an affair in a somewhat safer state, an- 
pai, to tidy up, to put in nice order, as furniture, &c. 
(v. pai). an-ebbab, to arrange, as troops in garrisons 
or quarters (v. chhah). an-tab, id. ; also, to make ar- 
rangements for an affair going on well, e.g. by getting 
a party to delay a little, or by talking over influential 
persons; to make arrangements for persons getting a 
livelihood, an-tab bo-se, id. an-tsong, to bury 
with all due rites. an-ia n , to encamp, an-cbe, id. 
an iab-tsam, to set regular relays of couriers or horses. 
an ki-cbi, to set out the chess-men ready for a game. 

an-cbi n , to place the arrow on the string, an-keng 
tah-cbi n , id. an cbek-bang, to attach the reed in 
making candles, an ebbau-pbia 11 , to lay turf, an- 
kim, to gild with gold-leaf, an-joan, to glue on the 
bright-coloured feathers called "chhiii-joan." 

an-bu, to affix a charm, an-mng, to consecrate a 
new door, an-ui, to consecrate an idol's seat; to invite 
a specially-honoured guest to take his seat at a feast, by 
special rites (v. ui). an-ebbiam, to lay the keel of a 
vessel with superstitious rites, an-tbai, to perform 
Tauist rites to remove pain in the womb, an-tbe, to 
set down a coffin for burial; to perform rites to ease the 
pain of a child or pregnant woman (v. ther). an-tbeb, 
consecrate a new house and its courtyard, an-ebbiig, 
to consecrate the marriage-bed. an-leng, to begin the 
worship of a person recently deceased, done by the rela- 
tives and priests. 

an-ki' 1 , the first watch in the night. an-ki n - 
ebbeng, the signal-gun fired at the beginning of it. 

an-bui, Ngan-hwuy province, an-lam, Cochin 
China, an-kboe, Ankoi. kang-an, the provinces 
of Kiang-su and Ngan-hwuy (v. to). 

ail (R. an : cf. col. hoa", hoa), to lay the finger or 
hand gently on. an-kbang, to put the fingers on the 
holes of a flute, &c. cbbiii an — i, lay hand on, as on 
his head (esp. Cn.) 

«ln (R. 6ng), tight; hard-up for cash, pak-an, to 
tie tight, kat-an, to make a knot tight, pek-an, 
to press urgently, as for debt, an tong-tong, very 
firm, as a knot, an-sd, hard-up for cash, an-kbang, 
do. cbi n an, do. cbi n -cbha an, id. an-tan, 
tightly tied, as parcel; stiff and tight,as drawer; strongly 


made, as furniture; tightly stretched, as the skin of a 
diseased swelling or of an over-fat man. sia" an-tan, 
voice distinct, clear, and ringing, as in reciting books 
or giving orders, or as man who has got a little liquor. 
an-than (C. ), tightly drawn, as rope or cloth; fitting 
too tight, as dress; tightly roped, as box; firm and fat, 
as healthy flesh, phe pi n -khi-an, make your skin 
tight and ready for a beating. 

Jill (C), — A. eng, leisure. 

11 II, = &,, rig (Cu. in), familiar prefix to titles of rela- 
tions, &c. an-ne, mamma ! an-koa", said by a 
female slave to her master's father, an-niu", said by 
female slave to master's mother, an-gu, phrase used 
to babies. 

Jill [R. a table, = col. oa"], a lawsuit; a legal case, 
an-toh, a long high narrow table set at the wall, gene- 
rally at middle of room, for idols, &c. tiong-an, id. 
tiong-an-toh, id. tiong-an pat-sien, a set of two 
tables, one long, the other square. 

an-kia n , a lawsuit (classifier "khi"). an-cheng, 
circumstances of a lawsuit, sio-an, a small unim- 
portant case, tiong-an, a serious case, si-an, a case 
fully settled or ended ; a capital case, tsoe-an, a case 
of a great crime, kiap-an, case of robbery, beng- 
an, case of murder or homicide. 

tsoe-an, to make a false complaint in a legal case, 
teh-tsoe-an, telling falsehoods. 

hoan-an, to be accused, tsai-an, to have a suit 
pending, to-an, to lose one's case, kiet-an, to wind 
up a case finally, as the parties do by signing an agree- 
ment, siau-an, to give up or end a case, either by a 
regular settlement or by letting it drop, chhip-an, 
letting a case sleep for a time, phoe-an, to write the 
official answer to the complaint, phoe an-kia", id. 
chha-an, to examine the case legally, mfig-an, to 
examine as judge, sim-an, to judge in a case, phoa- 
an, to come to a clear understanding of a case, so as to 
see through the lies and know the true state of it; said 
figuratively of dismissing a bad employ^. phoa"-an, 
to decide a case, as of disputed property, teng-an, to 
give judgment, tsvin-an, to lay up the papers of case. 
the-an, to call up a case from the lower court, as on 
appeal, tiau-an, id. hoan-an, to reverse the deci- 
sion of the lower court. 

an-tok-ia, a prime minister of the Han dynasty, 
worshipped by the underlings in yamuns. 

•Ill [R. an, peace]. an-sek-hiu n , gum-benzoin. 

Jill (R. ien). an-ehhai, please eat ! said to guests. 

Jill [R. to lay the hand on; according to; to examine, 
= col. an, hoa", hoi], according to; to deposit an article as 
security for payment in a short time, only with an ac- 
quaintance, and on much better terms than a pawnshop 

an-chhat-si, provincial judge (v. chhat). an-si, id. 

an-shg, to make a rough estimate on fingers, or 
mentally, an-chi", to borrow money from an acquaint- 
ance at a very easy rate, giving some article as security. 
chhia n -an-ha, j ust leave that matter over till more 
pressing matters have been attended to. an-giah, to 
lay by a sum for some special purpose, or for a man not 
present when his share falls due. an-he — teh (T.), id. 
an-kiam siong-hong (each having his hand on his 
sword and on his guard), said of two men mutually 
watching each other. 

an-hoat (R. ), according to law. an-si, according 
to the time, an-si an-tsun, id. an-jit, according 
to the day; reckoning days; day by day. an-si an- 

jit, according to the proper day and hour, an-chia, 
this way. an-hia, that way. an-ni", thus, so. an- 
ni"-si", id. an-hi (r.), id. an-hi (T. C), id. an- 
hiu"-si (C. T.), in that way (v. hiu"). an-ni n -nga 
(Cn.), so. an-tsai"-iu n , how] 

Sill [R. ban, a limit, to limit, =col. hien, hat], to pro- 
mise to pay a debt at a fixed time, or to have some 
work finished at a certain date, later than it ought to 
have been, an — chit-e, id. an-che, to promise to 
pay a debt at a fixed time, he-i-an, to allow him the 
delay to the date he asks, khoan-an, to extend the 
time; to act with forbearance as to the date, boe- 
an--tit, no delay can be allowed; must pay or finish 
the work at date first agreed upon, ke-an, to pass the 
time fixed, thiap-ke-an e-gun, payment for late- 
ness; demurrage, an-ki, to appoint a date, an si- 
khek, to fix the time to a moment, an ti-si, what 
time is appointed? an sim-mih" se-tsai, what place 
is fixed, as for payment. 

bo-kai-an, boundless, unlimited, iu-an (C), = iii- 
hien, few; of limited number. 

ting' (R. ong), the surname Wang. 

Jl llli , a husband, ang-sai (r. ), a husband, ke- 
ang, to marry a husband, ang-be", man and wife; 
husband and wife, ang-po, id. ang-chia (C), id. 
ang-a-chia (P.), id. kiet tsoe ang-be - , to become 
man and wife, bo ang-be-cheng, not according to 
the feelings that should exist between married persons, 
e.g. quarrelling or beating, or as widower marrying 
very soon after wife's death, le-thau-ang, man co- 
habiting with woman without marriage. 

Jlllli [R. ong, an old man], the surname Wung. 

tio-hi-ang, the kingfisher; also a picture of an old 

11 11 if — ■ hai-ang, the whale, =keng-hi. 

llllg' [R. kong; a duke, a lord], an idol, an image 
(esp. C.) 

ang-a, pictures of men; toy images, ang-a-jin, 
the pupil of the eye. ang-a-tbau, a head (without a 
body), for children to play with; the reflection of the 
observer in another man's eye; a man's name written at 
the top corner of a page in ledger. 

ang-i, a sorceress, a witch (not Cn.) 

ang-sin, an idol, ang-hut (C), = A. sin-put, 
idols in general. ang-kong-ts&, an idol, ang- 
kong (C. T.), id. mui n -ang-a (C), =A. mng-sin, 
figures painted on doors, cbiob-ang (C), stone 
images at graves or temples, ang hien, te-tsu 16k- 
lien (C), when the idol is powerful, his votaries lose 
their fortune (as they spend so much money on their 

llllg' (R. hung), red; red colour much used on joyful 
occasions, and by women, especially at marriages; also, 
a surname, but rarely, the usual surname being the 
following word, put-chi-ang, very red; said also of 
a man whose word is readily followed by mandarins, or 
by the head of a mercantile house. 

tng-ang, to stamp with red ink, as a document, 
ang-teng, first-class mandarin, kau-sai-ang (colour 
of dog's excrement), opaque red button of lower rank. 
ang-ia n -bo, cap of mandarin servants and runners, 
ang-pai, a vessel's papers or register, ang-tia", a 
petition or complaint on red paper, used by gentry or 
literati or strangers. 

ang-mfig, red-haired; vulgar word for British, 
ang-mng-lang, a British or English man. ang- 
mhg-kok, Britain, ang-thau, large Cantonese 







junks, ang-liau, bricks and tiles of all sorts, ang- 
he, red clouds, as in evening, ang-he, red shrimps. 

ang-tso, dried fruit of the jujube-tree (commonly 
called Chinese dates), ang-khi, the common persim- 
mon, ang-hoe, a plant used in dyeing, ang-iu" 
(Cn.) = kher-koe, the bitter cucumber, ang-th§, Tur- 
key opium, kim-hoe-ang, id. 

oa°-ang, to put on ordinary dress at end of mourn- 
ing, trig-ang, id. ; also, of colour, to change to red. 
ang-pau, a small cumshaw or reward to a literary 
man. ang-6, red bridal dress. ang-6e, bridal shoes. 
ang-kio, bridal sedan, ka i koa-ang, to give him 
some red thing (especially a red scarf), or money 
wrapped in red paper, to a man who does some unlucky 
thing in our behalf, e.g. who assists at the funeral of 
our relative, or makes arrangements for the re-marriage 
of a widow. 

ang-chia n , a red-faced actor in a play, er-ang- 
bin, face painted, as in plays or incense processions. 

pang-ang, bloody dysentery, phui-ang, to spit 

tliih sio-ang, heat iron red-hot. he kek kau- 
chin-ang, make the furnace very hot. ang-thi", cloudless hot sky. 

ang-tiu-tiu, very red. ang-pha-pha, do. ang 
ham-ham, do. ang-ki-ki, do. ang-kong-kong, 
do. toa-ang-sek, rich crimson, ang-kham-sek, 
dark brownish red. ang-hoa", dull indistinct red. 
bun-ang, whitish red. ang-khau, reddish, tsiii- 
ang, light red. chhio-ang, light red. gun-ang, 
bright red, brighter than "tsui-ang. " tho-ang, rich 
red of peach blossoms and Chinese card-paper, tsu- 
ang, rich bright red; vermilion. iu"-ang, a bright 
foreign red., do. ; also to paint red. 

JIHg (R. hong), a surname; mand. Hung, the sur- 
name of Tai-ping-wang. 

UHJi (R, iam). ang-lek-koe, sort of salted shell- 
fish from the north. 

JUlg — ang-lang, obstinate; sour-tempered, and 
rather stupid, so as to be diilicult to consort with, ang- 
lang-siu", planning or thinking foolishly, e.g. to get 
improper things, or forming impracticable plans, or 
afraid when there is no cause for fear, ang-lang- 
phai", stupidly overbearing, angry, or threatening in 
manner; angry without sufficient cause, and generally 
stupidly angry; said of any one, but especially of a raw 
foolish lad. ang-lang-ok. id. 

<ing (R. 6ng), a large narrow-mouthed earthen jar. 
ang-a, small do. tiong-ang, medium -sized do. 
kau-phe-ang, ajar made very thick and strong; im- 
pudent, gu-phe-ang, large jars made of cow-hide 
(from Straits), bi-ang, a rice-jar. bit-ang, a honey- 
jar, u-bit-ang, said of a very sweet bit of sugar-cane, 
having a crack full of saccharine matter, chiah-bit- 
ang, to suck the fingers (as children), suh bit-ang, 
id. chiu-ang, a wine-jar. chiu-ang-the', a cement 
for closing up wine-jars. boh--tit 16-kun-kong e 
chiu-ang (T. ), don't behave in that swaggering way 
like a drunk fellow (jocular allusion to " thien-thoh"). 
ang-tang, larger and smaller earthen pots (v. tang). 

«1 1 B 1*' (R- ong). sia"-ang, the space between the 
outer and inner walls at a city gate, ang-sia", the 
additional wall inclosing that space, the-ang, a nest 
or hole in the ground. th&-sat-ang, hole of mud- 
fish, jip-ang-lai, to get into a cul-de-sac, or road 
that has no outlet; to keep in the house, not going 


clllg (R. 6ng). beh-ang, the leg of a stocking, 
hia-ang, the leg of a boot. 

<lllg — hi-ang-a, the cavity of the ear. si n hi 
ang-a. the ear suppurating (v. hi). phi"-ang, inner 
cavity of the nose. phi"-ang-a, id. 

Jl llg — phi" ang, the nose stuffed, phi" ang- 
ang, id. ang-phi", id. ang-phi"--e, man who 
has the nostril naturally somewhat obstructed, hi- 
khang ang-ang, ear stuffed or obstructed internally, 
so that hearing is difficult. kong-6e ang-ang, to 
talk nasally and indistinctly, sia" ang, voice indis- 
tinct from obstruction of nose, sia" ang-ang, id. 
sia" ang — lai, sound re-echoed, as from a cave, &c. 

ap (C.) = A. gap, to swallow water, as a fish. 

a]> (R. id.), to repress, ap-kia", to repress fear, 
as by liquor, or as in children by medicine, pan- 
chiu ap-kia", to keep down fear by liquor, tin-ap, 
to keep down, as people (by troops), or as evil influences 
of demons, tan-ap, to prevent disturbance or rebel- 
lion, as by a display of force, che-ap, to repress, as 
evil spirits (v. che). ap-che, id., or to oppress, as a 
powerful man (v. che). 

ap (R. id.) ap-siet, to treat with much rudeness 
and want of respect, as by rude talk. 

ap (R. hap), thi" ap-ap, sky cloudy and over- 
cast, as when about to rain. 

ap = ih (R, id. ), a casket, hoe-ap, a case for arti- 
ficial flowers; a flowered casket. poa"-ap, a round 
wooden basket with several horizontal divisions, chien- 
ap, a small wicker basket or paper parcel of a few 
sweetmeats offered to idols, chien-ap-khoeh, small 
box for holding them. sa"-keh chien-ap, do. with 
three compartments, lak-keh chien-ap, do. with 
six. chien-ap-ke, frame on which tam-chien is put 
when offered. tam-chien-ap, offerings of fruits 
preserved in honey stuck on the frame on bamboo 

at [R. an, according to], at liau-phek, according 
to proper rules and time (v. phek). at-he--teh (T. 
an-ho-teh), to lay by a sum of money, e.g. the share of 
a man not present when the division is made, or as a 
sum to be ready for some special purpose or emergency 
(s. bend). 

at (R. id.), to break; to bend; to hinder; to split the 
difference, at-khiau, to bend crooked, at-tit, to 
bend straight. at — loh-lai, to bend down, as 

at-a, a small bit of wood nailed on to keep something 
in its place, at-la, id. ke-at (Cn.), id. 

at-chi, to restrain; to repress (v. chi). at hff-i- 
chi, to staunch, at-che, to prevent a man (by power) 
from doing what he intended, at-chhih, to prevail 
on a man (by strong pressure or powerful influence) to 
do what he was very unwilling to do. at-jih, do.; said 
also of an arbiter or -friend urging a party to submit in 
a hopeless case, at ge-mng, to prevail on yamun 
subordinates (by powerful influence or bribes) to delay 
issuing a warrant, or let a case sleep. at-he--teh, to 
get people to suspend further action in a quarrel or law- 
suit, till means be taken for having it finally and fully 
settled (s. according). 

at-chih, to break, as a limb, &c. at-trig, to 
break off. at-hoe, to pluck a flower, at tsde-nhg- 
tng, to break (as a stick, &c.) into two pieces, at 
ko-a, to divide profits (lit. break cake), at chia- 
khong, to gamble by breaking sugar-cane, at moa n - 
liau, to gamble by breaking a confection. 







ail (R. id.), a surname, au-iong, a double sur- 

ail (R. id.), a small cup. au-a, id. te-au, a tea- 
cup, hip-au, a cup with a cover, kham-au, id. 
kim-au, a golden cup. kim-au gek-tsoa", cups of 
gold and of jade, tang-au, a small brass cup, as for 
lamp, chha-chek-au, id. on top of a wooden imita- 
tion candle, chiu-au, a wine-cup. mui"-au (C), 
small iron rings or ferules put on the"mng-lun," which 
serve instead of hinges for a Chinese door, to keep them 
from wearing away by use. 

ail — au-tsau, ugly, as face ; filthy (v. tsau). 
au-lau, having an ugly fat face. au-au lau- 
lau, id. 

ail — au-sa", to soak clothes in water before wash- 
ing, au loh chhi"-kng, to steep in the dye-vat, as 

au, to crumple, au-lau, to crumple up. au 
tsde-chit-tui, to put things carelessly together in a 
heap. chia n -au to-au, to lay things about in dis- 
order; careless in managing a matter. 

aU (R. he?), the throat ; (a narrow pass), au-lai, 
within the throat, au ti n , choking feeling, as if about 
to weep, au tsat, id. au ta, chih khoah, very very 
thirsty, so-au, to seize by the throat, as dogs or men 
fighting, koah-au, to cut the throat, ke-au, to be 
swallowed, u au-un, pleasant feeling in mouth after 
good tea (v. un). 16h-au, to swallow, thun boe- 
16h-au, difficult to swallow, as unpleasant food, ke- 
khek, chhiu n -b6e-16h-au, said of a man telling 
transparent lies that cannot be swallowed. 

na n -au, the throat. na n -au-kng, the gullet; the 
windpipe (v. krig). ke n — tioh na"-au, choking in 
throat, toa na"-au-khang, talking loud and an- 
grily. na n -au tih-a, the uvula. na n -au-ngef, a 
deadly swelling of glands of throat (v. nger). 

na n -au-t6e, lower part of throat, au-toe, id. 
chin au-toe e-sia", to sing or read as loud as pos- 
sible. toa.-au-kb.6ng, voice so strong that it can be 
heard at a great distance (v. khong). tit-au, mono- 
tony, or broken voice in singing, &c. ; indistinct and 
almost inarticulate sound in throat of a man near death; 
a long inspiration, as in smoking tobacco through water. 
kio kau tit-au, to shout out loud and long till hoarse, 
and losing the voice, chhiu" kau tit-au, to sing till 
quite hoarse. kau-sia n , khit-chiah-au, said of a 
man talking in a clamorous way, or singing very un- 

ien-au (r. ), the throat; an important pass. 

aU (R. her), to call out loud, as hawkers or pedlars, 
&c. au-kio, to shout very loud; to yell; to cry out 
loud, au-kiu, to call out loud for help, toa-sia"- 
au, to shout loud, kbong-kbong-au, incessant 
loud calling, siong-siong-au, constantly calling out 
loud, as pedlar. 

«iU (R. id.), to bend; to fold; to hem; to droop (as 
leaves); to oppress violently; (obstinate). 

au cbit-tbau, to carry one load on a pole. 

nng-au, drooping, as leaves in drought. er-au, 
black and withered, as leaves or decaying fruit; black 
and blue, as when beaten. 

au-p&, to fold a hem; to hem. au-phang, the 
sail suddenly bulged out, and blown half over the side 
by a squall, khah-au-pun, sail much too full, and 
bulging too much, as in tacking. 

au-khiau, to bend crooked, au-tit, to bend 
straight, au-tsoa, to fold paper, as for columns of 


writing, au-jiau, to wrinkle; to crease, as dress, or as 
dog's ears in books, au-chhhi, to bend the arm. au 
ebbiu-be, to try which of the two can pull the other's 
arm back (the arms being bent at right angle), au- 
cbib, to break by bending. 

au-ut, to insist violently and falsely that a man has 
done something bad, so as to oppress him. au-peh- 
jin, unjustly and perversely refusing to pay what is 
due. au-ban, obstinately and injuriously in the 
wrong, e.g. unjustly defrauding, &c. cbip-au, ob- 
stinate, au-pbiab, id. chip-si-au, extremely 
dogged. &u-hoai n , very unfair, violent, and overbear- 
ing, or oppressive, as in demanding too much, or refus 
ing to pay. au-boai n -tbeb, extremely rapacious. 
au-khi — lang, to scold a man very violently and un- 
fairly because of something wrong, which is not his 
fault, though it may have some slight colour of reason. 
kbit lang au-khi, to be thus scolded unjustly, au- 
kiong, violently, or very urgently press another to do 
what he is unwilling to do; very determined to make 
others take his way. kiong-kiong-au, violently 
press to confess, as a mandarin, by repeated beatings. 

<ill [R. eV, to strike, to beat], au-jiok, to beat and 
insult, au-ta" (R.), to beat, au-cbhe, to beat a 
constable on duty. 

Jill — gam-au-a, a sort of fish, leng-au, sort 
of fish. 

jlu (R. e>), to vomit, au-ther, to vomit, au- 
hong, to vomit blood, au-huih, id. au-tsui, to 
vomit water; unable to accomplish what one takes in 
hand, khang-au, trying to vomit, but bringing up 
nothing. cbbi"-au, do., or only a little sour water, 
peh-au, id. chhi n -au peh-au, id. chi-au, to 
cure the tendency to vomit, au-lau (C), cholera. 

ail ( = au). chip-au, obstinate. au-chi n , doggedly 
dispute on wrong side. 

ail, stinking, decaying, au-chhau, do., rotten 
and decaying, au-pak, having a hollow decayed trunk, 
as tree, au-chiet, tainted smell, au-khi, rotten 
smell, au — khi, spoiled and rotten, au-mia", of 
bad reputation. au-16ng, very stinking, as a dead 
rat, &c, said also in scolding men or women. 

till (R. 6). au-nau", vexed; displeased; feeling of 
impatient discontent, au-lau, id. au-lau, id. au- 
eh, grieved and discontented ; murmuring inwardly 
(v. eh). 

«IU — bin au-au, angry face, au-bin, do. au- 
thau au-bin, do. au-tu-tu, morose and displeased; 
sulky, au-pu-pu, id. 

ail (R. h&), after; behind, au-bin, behind, au- 
piah, do. au-be, behind ; the end. be-au, do. 
au-tbau, do. au-thau (Cn.) = goa-ke, a wife's own 
relations, cheng-thau boe, au-thau im, to lose 
heavily on goods by the price falling, au-lai, after- 
wards; generally some time after, when the work first 
spoken of has been completed, au-sin, afterwards; 
farther back (as back premises), sin-au, behind one's 
back; after death, sin-au-su, matters after death. 
ti-li-sin-au, behind your back, jien-au, afterwards, 
next, then, lien-au, id. chit-si i-au, from this 
time onwards. 

ka-cbiah-au, behind one's back. 6e-au, the back 
part of a shoe, to-au (T.), the corner of the edge of a 
square knife close to the handle, au-tso-bah, meat 
of hind-quarter, au-thiii-bah, id. 

cbiu"-au, to go to stool, the-au, to walk back- 
wards (v. the), sfii-au, to follow after, sui-au 







ckiu-lai, will come immediately, ckkun au-pe, 
to have some plan or some money in reserve for emer- 

ke-au, wife; wife and children, ke-au, already 
past, au-pai, next time, au-tso, id. au-ke (C. 
au-kde, T. au-ko), next time, au-ke (C. ilu-ke), to 
marry a second husband after the death of the first. 
au-ckkoa, to marry a second wife after death of first. 
au-pe, step-father (none of these phrases are polite). 
au-ckek, id. au-bu, step-mother. 

au-ckin, the back part of a house; posterity (v. 
chin), au-su, descendants, au-tai, posterity, after 
generations, au-si, a future state of transmigration. 

au-sang, elder brother accompanying the bride to 
her husband's house. 

ku au-ckkiu, to assist a man, as in a quarrel, or 
by money, ku i au-ckkiu, id. tsan i au-ckkiu, 
id. siap au-ckkiu, to give a small bribe or douceur 
(v. siap). 

ckeng-au, before and behind ; before and after (of 
time or place), bo-ckeng-bd-au, neither head nor 
tail ; neither before nor behind, ckeng-si au-jit, 

former and later times, ckeng-kki au-kkang, ad- 
vancing, but leaving rear unguarded; to lose more than 
is gained by some action. 

au-kai, the vacant ground at back of a house within 
the inclosing wall, ti-ki it-au, at the very furthest 
back part of the suite of buildings. au-16k, back part 
of a house, au-lau, back part up-stairs. au-ia", rear 
division of army, au-ckim, the projecting part of the 
neck at the back; the nape of the neck. 

au-jit, a future day. au--jit, the day after to- 
morrow. 16k-au--jit, the second day after to-morrow, 
au-gek, next month, au-mi", next night, au-ni", 
in a following year, either the next or any following 
year, au — ni n , the year after next. 

ail" — au"-au n -kau, always crying as child, or 
barking as dog. 

•Ill", to stutter or lisp, or articulate indistinctly; often 
put before the name of a man who speaks so. ut-au n , 
having a bad lisp or defect in articulation, as from a 
fault in palate or tongue. kong-6e ut-au n , to speak 
with more or less of that fault in articulation. 

ail" — pun-au n -u, to blow a sort of trumpet (v. u). 






b, often pronounced like M, or interchanged with it. 
If a word be not found here, look under M. 

foa — pkak-ba-ba, to beat the mouth (as child) 
in sport, kap-lang pkak-ba-ba, to refuse to pay 
what is due. ckkio-ba-ba, to smile pleasantly or 
laugh slightly (with or without a sound), as on receiving 
a guest, ba-bun-ckkio, to smile. 

ba (a harlot), ba-tkau, mistress of brothel, au- 
bii-ba, stepmother harlot (vile scolding), ckkiong- 
ba, a harlot (in vile scolding). 

ba (R. ma), numb, kong kau-ckkui-ba, to talk 
till lips are quite wearied, ba-bin, shameless (s. pock- 
marked), boe-ba-bin, shameless (said to one's face). 
ba-pi, feeling of weariness or satiety, as after hard work, 
long sleep, or sexual intercourse (v. pi). 

ba-kong, leprosy in its early stage. 

ba — ba-idk, anaesthetic medicine. 

ba [R. ma, hemp, = col. moa"]. ba-bin, pock-mark- 
ed (s. numb), ba-bin, boan-tkien-seng, the pock- 
marked face became like the sky full of stars; said of a 
pock-marked man who became a Tsin-sze. seng-ba, 
a medicine (Thalictrum ?). 

ba-ji-tek, a fine sort of bamboo (v. tek). 

ba [R. biau, an anchor], tkik-ba-ji, a sort of iron 
anchor with three prongs. 

ba — ba-bui, pleased and smiling (v. bui). 

b«J - - ba-bui (C. ), a fruit used as soap. 

ba — ba-li, a sort of small cabin in a junk. 

b«l (R. bau). pan-ba, the blistering fly, or Spanish 
fly. pi-ba (Cn.), id. 

ba (R. biau), a wild cat. soa"-ba, id. ia-ba, id.; 
also said in vile scolding (harlot), ke-cki-ba, a large 
bat that eats fruit, siau-ba, restless and making a 
great noise, as cats in pairing time, ba-ckku tong- 
bien (cat and rat sleep together), said of mandarins or 
servants, or watchmen, &c. , becoming accomplices of 
wicked men. ke-lai bo-ba, niau-ckku kkiau- 

kka, when the cat's away the mice do play, ko-ba 
koan pak-ke (a good cat guarding a hundred houses), 
a man able to take care of others' affairs. 

lai-ba (C), a sort of fox. pkak ba-a (C), to hunt 
small animals, ckkiam-ba (C), id. ba-kau (C), 
sort of dog used for hunting, ba-ckke-a (C), three- 
pronged weapon used in hunting. 

ba, final particle ( = a), sometimes heard, esp. after P. 
kap-ba, = kap-a, a frog, ap-ba, or ak-ba, a small 

ba [R. bit, =col. bat], closely jointed, or joined so as 
hardly to show the joint, tak-ba, very well joined; 
very intimate and friendly, un-tang tak-ba, the 
affair will certainly succeed, esp. as the man who under- 
takes it is well able. 

bil — ba-ba, half-caste Chinese (from the Straits). 

bil (T. nfii", lai). ba-kiok, the kite (v. hioh). 

ba [R. bek, = col. bai] (T. bah), to search or make 
inquiries for what is not known (but "chhe" is to search 
for a known thing or person that is lost), ba tkau- 
1&, to look out for a situation, ba-ckku, to look out 
for a house, as in order to rent or live in it. ba-tsun, 
to search if there be any vessel, as for taking a passage 
or sending something. 

b«l (R. ma), a yard. 

ba, having mildew or rust spots, as paper or tin -foil, 
&c. ckkiu n -ba, to become thus spotted or mildewed. 
ba-bu, dim or spotted, as mirror, gem, or sky (v. bu). 

ball = ba. bak-bun-ckkio, to smile. 

ball, flesh; pig's flesh; pork (if not otherwise speci- 
fied); the pulp or edible part of fruit; the blade of a 
knife; glass of mirror; paper of fan, &c. 

u-bak, there is flesh; there is some sense or some- 
thing good in it. kia n -bak, a mirror as distinguished 
from its frame. cki n -bak, an arrow-head, to-bak, 
the blade of a sword or knife. si n -bak, the paper of a 
fan. tk&-bak, the good opium in a ball of opium, as 
distinguished from the skin. 








koa"-bab, dried dragon's eye (lung-yen), or li-chi, 
without stones or skin, bok-oan-bab, dried dragon's 
eye without stones or skin. 

bab-soai", an inferior yellow sort of mango, bab- 
le, a sort of shell-fish. 

koab-bah, to cut a criminal in pieces alive (v. koah). 
boe-bab-cbi", wages of a "tang-chi," who cuts himself 
in idolatrous rites; wages of a substitute who hires him- 
self to he beaten by mandarins, cbi&b-pui, tbang 
bo--lang tbai-bab, said of a man who only eats and 
sleeps, like a pig fattened for slaughter. 

cbbau-bab. putrid flesh, as in a sore. si n iu-bab, 
clean new flesh forming when the scab falls off. pbai n - 
pbe-bab, having a bad constitution, so that a wound 
or sore heals ill. siau-bab, to grow lean, bab-liu, 
a fleshy tumour, as on neck or head, lan-san-bab, 
excrescences on body, as extra finger or thumb, cbim- 
kong-bab, the large prominent muscle between thumb 
and fore-finger, said to be wanting in men about to take 
leprosy, kba-cbbiu-bab-cbboab, body all tremb- 
ling with terror. boai n -bab-bin, repulsive, ugly, ill- 
formed face. 

kut-bab, bones and flesh; said also of near relations, 
kut-cbib bab-lib, flesh and bones broken, as by a 
heavy blow, bab bo-lang-cbiab, kut m-cbia" 
bo-lang-kboe (let people eat the flesh but not gnaw 
the bones), to allow our friends to be somewhat injured 
or reviled, but will not let it go too far. 

gu-bab, beef. iu n -bab, mutton. cbia n -bab, the 
lean of meat, esp. of pork, cbbiab-bab, id. tim 
cbbiab-bab, to stew lean of meat, for medical prepa- 
ration, peb-bab, the fat. bab-nng, the fat among 
the lean (v. nig), bab-hl, pork fat. sam-tsan- 
bab, pork having fat and lean in alternate layers. 
kien-cbi-bab, meat from the loin, esp. pork, bab- 
pbe, pork skin, bab-tang, coagulated pork, soup, or 
jelly, bab-jiong, meat (pork) minced small, cbbo- 
bab-si n , to mince meat. bab-mi n , vermicelli cooked 
with shrimps and some fat. bab-oan, pork balls, 
bab-tbfig, sort of confection containing pork fat. 
bab-bu, pork boiled, dried, and reduced to fine fibres. 

bah (C), =boah. bab-a, the crocodile. 

bah (T.), = ba; to look out for, as situation or house. 

bai (R. pi), cbi-bai, the female organ, the vulva 

bili [R. id., = col. tfii], to bury; (to hide or lay am- 
bush), bai-tsong, to bury, siu-bai, id. 

bai-bok, to lie in ambush, bai-tsong (R.), to 
hide a thing secretly, bai-tbau put-cbbut, to keep 
out of the way when sought for. bai-beng tsa-sii, 
pretend to be dead (v. tsa). bai-but, to conceal or 
make away with, to swindle, bai-but sin-si, to make 
away with and conceal a corpse, bai-but seng-beng, 
to conceal one's own real name and surname. 

bai-oan, to cherish envy or constant hatred, kbiob- 
bun bai-oan, to cherish and increase hatred in one's 

bai (R. bi). mng-bai, door-lintel, above the door- 
frame, tbang-a-bai, lintel of window, ke-bai, 
cross-bar built into the wall above the top of the frame 
of door or window. 

bai (R. bi). bak-bai, eyebrows, bak-bai oan, 
eyebrows arched, bak-bai pbab tsoe-cbit-kat, 
eyebrows drawn together from great sorrow or anxiety, 
bak-bai-mng sa-m-kbi (you have not pulled up 
your eyelashes, and so don't see clearly), said in scolding 
a man who is raising a matter that must injure himself, 

or insulting a powerful man, or otherwise behaving very 
absurdly and only hurting himself, bak-bai-mng 
sa-bo-kbi, id. bak-bai-mfig bo-cbiu n -am, do. 
(lit. your eyebrows are not starched!) bak-bai-be 
jiau n -jiau n , the outer corners of the eyebrows much 
wrinkled, as in an old man. bak-bai-be ngeb bo-sin, 
do. (wrinkles large enough to catch flies), bak-bai- 
tbau, the space between the eyebrows, bai-tbau, id. 
bak-bai-tbau jiau n -jiau n , slight wrinkling on brow 
between the eyebrows, as when distressed or anxious. 
bak-bai-tbau kbiob-keng, said of the wrinkled face 
of an old man. 

bai-bak bun-beng, very correctly finished and all 
straight; said of any work or affair, biab-bai, the 
part of the forehead just above the eyebrows; an orna- 
ment worn there by women (v. hiah). ui-bai, to paint 
the eyebrows, as women, it-jl-bai, eyebrows in a 
straight line (v. it). 

geb-bai, the crescent moon, cbit-bai-a, the cres- 
cent moon very small. 

b«li, =phdi n , bad. bdi-ji, an ill-formed word, si- 
bai, having lost colour; wanting in vivacity, and having 
no appearance of intelligence; almost going out, as a 
light, (or next word ]) 

b<ti, dim, as light of a lamp, teng-be bai-bai, 
the lamp burns dimly. tiam--kbi bai-bai, light a 
lamp giving but little light. 

bcti — bai-kui, a large sort of spider with eight 
legs and thin body (while "la-gift" has seven legs and 
a large body); it is supposed to place itself right oppo- 
site the face of a man sleeping on his back, so as to pro- 
duce a very oppressive feeling, bo bai-kui teb, to 
have this oppressive feeling, as if the breast were pressed 
down by a dark demon; it is removed by shaking one's 
self or turning on the side, kbit bai-kui teb, id. 
na" bai-kui--nib (like that large spider), said as of a 
thief coming silently and secretly so that no one knows, 
or of a man stealthily enticing to bad courses, tu — 
tiob bai-kui, to be unexpectedly deceived or swindled; 
to meet accidentally a man who seduces into wicked 
courses, or deludes into keeping up a feud that would 
otherwise have been settled. kbit bai-kui bai — 
teb, to be suddenly seduced into vicious courses, kbit 
i bai— kbi, id. bai--teb, suddenly to appear and 
vanish, like a thief or a spy. 

bai [R. bek, to search, = col. ba], to visit, to make 
polite inquiries. sa n -bai, id. bai-beb, to feel the 
pulse. bai-pi n , to visit the sick, and ask about his 
health, bai-song, to visit a house containing an un- 
buried corpse, and worship it. kia-bai, to send saluta- 

tam-bai (Cn.), =tam-khoa™, to examine by tasting. 
cbbi-bai (Cn.), to examine and try. cbba-bai 
(Cn.), = chha-khoa", to make minute inquiries about a 

bak, to soil, to infect, to pollute (lit. or fig.) bak- 
lak, id. bak-kia n -lang, to soil, to defile, bak-la- 
sam, id. bak-tam, to wet, to moisten, bak-tang 
bak-sai, to soil many things, or in many ways, bak — 
tiob i-e-sin (T.), he got involved (as in lawsuit) 
through no fault of his. 

bak cbit-e-mia", said of a man supposed to be 
doing work, but really idle or absent. 

ai-bak-cbbiii, to meddle, in order to make some 
money, where one has no business. mi n -bak, to make 
some money secretly on a transaction committed to 
him. it--tiob mi n -bak, wishing to have the man- 






agement of the matter for the sake of the underhand 
gain on it. 

ball (R. bok), the eye; a knot in wood, the swelling 
at a joint; meshes of a net, holes of sieve, or of wicker-work 
of bamboo sail used as measure of breadth of a bamboo sail. 

siau-bak, an account, toe-bak, a thesis or text. 
tiau-bak, a list of articles or account, ji-bak 
ehhim, very good at reading and writing, ji-bak 
chhien, not well educated. 

thau-bak, a leading man, &c. (v. thfiu). 

ka-tsui-bak, a staple, chha-bak, a knot in 
wood, tek-bak, a bamboo joint, u lau-bak, have 
few knots far apart, as wood or bamboo, tsoe-bak, 
knots numerous, as in wood, kut-bak, the projection 
at a joint, especially small joint, kha-bak, the ankle. 
chhiu-bak, the protuberance at the wrist; also, the 
knuckles, tsrig-thau-a-bak, the knuckles at middle 
of finger. 

bak-kia", spectacles (v. kia"). her leng-bak, to 
wash the eye of the dragon boat, bin-bak, counten- 
ance (v. bin). 

khoa"-chiu n -bak, to think well of, to respect (v. 
chiu"). bak-lai u--i, to think well of him. bak- 
te u--i, id. bak-te-bo, to despise (v. te). 

bak-peh, to miss stays in tacking. 

per-bak, the interstices between the threads in cloth 
(v. pfr). khah-toa-bak, having large holes, as a 
sieve, &c. 

bak-chiu, the eye. bak-chiu-jin, the eyeball. 
bak-chiu peh-jin, the white of the eye. bak-chiu 
ang-a-jin, the pupil, bak-chiu-chi, the eyeball, 
bak-chiu-oa", the socket of the eye. bak-khang- 
khu, id. bak-khang, id. bak-khang, id. bak- 
chiu-phe, eyelid, bak-chiu-mfig, eye-lashes, bak- 
chiu-khe* toa-liii, so proud as not to recognize or 
look at one. bak-thau, inner corner of the eye. 
bak-cbiu-thau iu-iu, brows knitted between the 
eyebrows, bak-thau koai", proudly looking down on 
people, as on poor relatives, bak-be, the outer corner 
of the eye. bak-be jiau", wrinkles at outer side of 
eyes, as in old man. sai bak-be, to give a side glance 
of displeasure or lasciviousness (v. sai). bak-thau 
jiau n -jiau n , wrinkles between the eyes, as when dis- 
tressed or anxious, bak-thau kha, skilful at recog- 
nizing or calculating at a glance, bak-thau tang- 
tang, heavy feeling and slight headache about eyes. 

bak-bai, eyebrows (v. bfii). bak-ki", edges of eye- 
lids (v. ki"). bak-sun, wrinkle on edge of upper eye- 
lid (v. sun), bak-kun ang, eyes red with liquor. 
u bak-kun, to have good and rapid perception of the 
right course to be taken in any case, bak-sek, power 
of calculating or recognizing at a glance (v. sek, "to 

bak-iu, tears drawn by cold or smoke, &c. bak- 
sai, tears; but (C), = A. bak-sai-ko (v. sai). bak- 
tsai (C. ), tears. 

bak ham, swollen eyelids, hong-bak, inflamed 
eye. si" bak-chiam, to have a stye on the eyelid. 
bak hoe, eyes dim. kun-si-bak, near-sighted. 
thap-bak, sunken eyes, bak-sa-si, to doze. 

h6e-bak, to look askance angrily, peng peh-bak, 
to turn up the white of the eyes, as in pride or anger. 
khoeh-bak, to close the eyes (as in sleep), said to chil- 
dren (v. khoeh). sut-bak, to wink, as a signal (v. sut). 
nih n -bak, to wink (v. nih"). sai-bak-chi", to cast 
an angry or amorous glance (v. sai). trig-bak, to 
glance sidewise, to turn the eye (v. tug), te'-bak, to 
calculate roughly by sight. ta n -bak, to make a mis- 

take in looking. hia n -bak, to catch the eye, as gaudy 
goods, ke-bak (C. k6e-bak), to be looked at (v. ke, 
"to cross"). 

bak-kng e-lang, a man who can see (not blind). 
thi n bo-bak. Heaven observes not, as when great crimes 
pass unpunished, toa-soe-bak, eyes of different size, 
partial, pang-toa-soe-bak, to wink at the faults of 
a favourite person, chhui pa, bak rh-pa, the mouth 
may be satisfied, but the eye is insatiable. 

koe-bak (eye like a fowl's), fond of sleep, going soon 
to bed. iu n -bak (like a sheep's), eyes not fully closing 
in sleep. iu"-a-bak, id. chhat-bak, a covetous 
thievish eye. gong-bak, a stupid eye. put-bak, 
immovable eyes, like an idol's, peh-bak-put, the 
idol called Keh-seng-6ng (v. put). 

bak-kim, at present (v. kim), at this time, bak-e, 
id. (v. e). bak-cheng, at present, ti-bak-cheng, 
before one's eyes. 

si-bak sa n -tui, two persons (esp. man and wife, or 
partners) looking helplessly at one another, as when 
without money and having no resource; or as when in 
great danger, calamity coming on; said also of the four 
needle-holes in good embroidery, forming a perfect 
square, chhai-ki, si-bak sa n -tui, should be equit- 
able in dealings (fig. from embroidery), ang-ber, si- 
bak sa n -tui, man and wife without money or means of 
getting it, looking vacantly at each other, si-bak bo- 
chhin, having no relations. 

bak (cf. bong, bok). am-bak-bak, very dark. 

bilk [E. bit, close, = col. bat, ba], bak-sit, a 
great many, only of things, not of men or affairs. 

bilk [R. b6k, wood, tree]. bak-chhiu n , a carpen- 
ter, tsoe-bak, to do carpenter work, toa-bak, 
carpenter who makes the wood-work of houses, sio- 
bak, carpenter who makes furniture. 

bak-hiu", a wood used as medicine for diarrhoea, i.e., 
putchuk (Costus amarus?) bak-hiu" -chha., id. er- 
bak, ebony (v. 9), (s. ink), so-bak, sapan-wood, a red 
dye. bak-tsat-chhau, a plant used like sand-paper. 

chhiu-bak, trees in general, hoe-bak, flowering 
bushes and shrubs, long-si hoe-bak, it is full of 
flowers and shrubs. 

bak-liau, timber (materials), whether in rough form 
or cut and sawn up. bak-sa, a wooden railing, bak- 
kiah, wooden clogs (v. kiah). bak-pe, a weapon with 
three or more prongs (v. p6). 

bak-sat, a bed-bug (v. sat). 

bak (R. bok). bak-ni n , white jessamine, bak- 
ni n -hoe, id. 

bilk (R. b6k), ink, solid or liquid, boa-bak, to 
rub down ink. un-bak, to dip the pen in ink. e- 
bak, black ink (s. wood), e-bak-bak, very black 
bo-ji bo-bak, without written proof, as a marriage or 
agreement without documents. 

bak-tiau, a stick of ink. chit-tiau-bak, one 
stick of ink. bak-thui, a large round stick of ink. 
ser-bak, ink from Soo-chou. kia"-bak, ink from 

bak-hi", ink and ink-stone. pit-bak-hi n , pen, 
ink, and ink-stone, bak-poah, sort of ink-stand like 
a bowl for writing large characters, bak-hai, a brass 
vessel filled with cotton saturated with ink, for examina- 
tions, bak-tsui, liquid ink. bak-tsui-sek, inky 
gray, bak-tsui-sa", clothes all spotted over with ink, 
worn in deep mourning, pak-te^, bo poa n -tiam 
bak-tsui (not half a drop of ink in his belly), said of 
a pretender to learning who is quite unable to compose, 






and has no real learning, bak-tsiii-koan, an ink- 
bottle, bak-koan, id., an ink-line, used by stretching it 
tight over a plank and touching it with the nail so as to 
make a line, bak-chin, id. bak-tau, box in which 
the ink-line, and the black powder for it, are kept. 

bak-tsat, the cuttle-fish, bak-hi, id. bak-hi- 
ien, paint from it. bak-koa", dried cuttle-fish. 
bak-tsat-koa", id. bak-tsat-tsun, the bone of 
the cuttle-fish, bak-chiet (T.), a marine animal like 
j. thw-poe. 

%.&?• bjlll (R. id.) lam-ban, the southern barbarians. 

)J?\ bail (R. id.), ancient name of Fuh-kien; the river 

t M Min, on which Fuh-chau stands, ban-chiet, the two 

i x S. \ provinces of Fuh-kien and Cheh-kiang, ruled by one 

governor-general. ban-koai", Min-hien, one of the 
districts of Fuh-chau city, ban-chhia", Min-tsing 

ban [R. boan, secret, = col. moa"]. thau-ban (C), 
secret, secretly, am-ban (C), crafty and designing. 

bail , constantly delaying (through sheer idleness) to 
do the work or make the things promised, tia" ban, 
the pan is slow in cooking, ban-ban e-pi n , a chronic 

bail (R. goan), stubborn, obstinate, said of children 
only, au-ban. perversely disobedient or unfair in 
dealings, e.g. refusing to pay what is due; to treat a 
man unjustly and injuriously in business, &c. boe 
au-ban- -tit, no extra improper gains can be got out 
of him, &c. ban-phe, incorrigible, thiau-ban, re- 
fusing to do what is ordered, obstinate as in a quarrel or 
lawsuit, refusing or delaying to pay money, or causing 
much trouble in some such way. tiau-ban, id. 

bail — ban-khong, strongly made, or firmly 
fixed, as house, table, &c. 

bail, to cover (as with cloth or leather), as a shoe or 
coverlet, or fire-screen; not so stiff as "pi n ." ban- 
moa", to cover with sackcloth, as shoes in mourning. 
koh-ban chit-teng, put on another thickness of cloth, 
as on a shoe. 

bail (R. ban, boan), to pull or draw out, as nail or 
tooth; to pluck, as fruit or flowers, ban-ban, im- 
patient attitude, as of one unwilling to hear, keng- 
thau ban-ban, shoulders naturally high, ban- 
ning, to pluck out hair or feathers from animals. 
ban-bin, to pluck out hair from woman's face, ban- 
hoe, to pluck a flower, ban-beh, to pluck up corn, in- 
stead of reaping, ban-sit, to pluck the wings of a fowl. 

kiong-ban, obstinately to refuse to pay money due. 
i beh-ban — goa, he will not pay me the debt he is 
due me. ban-to-trig, to get back by much exertion, 
as a thing stolen or as money due, &c. ban-tit-tioh, 
can be pulled, as fruit not out of reach; to recover a debt 
from a debtor who will not pay, by getting it from a man 
who owes money to him, and pays it to us. ban-tit- 
i-tioh, to recover a debt in that way. chi" khit-i- 
ban--khi, he owes me money and I cannot get it out 
of him. he--i boe -khan-ban- -tit, to make it im- 
possible for him longer to avoid paying the money. 
i kau-li-khan-ban, he is quite a match for you, as 
in a lawsuit, kau-li-khan-ban, id. kau-i-khan- 
ban, quite a match for him, able to hold his own, and 
not afraid of him; able to get it out of him, proud and 
disobedient to superior, as young fellow. 6e-kham — 
tit khan-ban, able to hold his own, able to stand firm 
against temptation, as reformed opium-smoker, &c. 

ban-koe chhiu-tin, to get a clue and follow it up 




11 ban 

step by step, so as to learn the truth of a matter, ban- 
hoe thi"-i, to influence Heaven to favour us, as by 
virtuous conduct (v. hoe). 

ban [R. boan, full, = col. moa"]. ban-thien- 
kong, =boan-thien-kong, a hanging lamp with 
several wicks. 

bail — ban-ji, a character like a cross with each 
limb bent at a right angle, all in the same direction; like 
the Scandinavian Thor's hammer and Sanskrit Svastica; 
considered auspicious, and therefore embroidered at the 
middle of the neck of a child's dress, at the back, tio 
ban-ji, to embroider it so. khun ban-ji, to work it 
in braid, put-toan ban-ji, this character worked as 
a border all round the edge of a dress, &c. ban-ji- 
kha, do., worked at the foot of a dress or curtain, or 
wood-work, &c. ban-ji-hoe, this character worked in 
large quantities all over the surface, ban-ji-keh, 
open work, as of a screen in this form, ban-thien, 
the open-work frame forming the top of a bedstead. 
ban-thien-pang, a boarding sometimes put on the 
top of it. 

bail (R. id.), ten thousand, a myriad, all (in many 
phrases), a surname. 

ban-soe (myriad years), title of emperor (v. s6e). 
ban-siu, the emperor's birth-day (v. siu). 

ban-ke^ (R.), from remotest ages, ban-ban-ni", 
innumerable years, ban-lien hu-kui, prosperous for a 
myriad of years, said as a good wish, ban-lien- 
chhun, a sort of tree, Fkus Afzelil thien-tsu bo- 
ban-lien (even an imperial family does not reign ten 
thousand years), said in exhorting a man not to be too 
anxious about the world's affairs, bo-thang thien- 
tsu ban-lien, id. ban-tai, all generations, ban- 
kok, all nations, ban-but, all things, ban-mih", 
id. ban-hang-mih n , id. ban-sin-ma (Cn.), the 
collective female ghosts that have no descendants (v. sin). 
ban-kim, vast quantities of gold, ban-gtin bo- 
thang-boe, cannot be got for money, ban-su ju-1, 
everything just as one would wish, ban-jin-soa", 
honorary umbrella presented by the people to a popular 
mandarin when he leaves a place; it has the names of 
the donors on it. ban-jin-i, a robe (with the names 
on it) given in like manner; much more honourable 
than the umbrella, ban-le-chi" tsoe-hoat, many 
calamities coming all at once (lit. arrows from myriad 

chhien - ban, I earnestly entreat you to — (v. 
chhien). chheng-ban, ten millions, tsap-ban, a 
hundred thousand, pah-ban, a million, ban-ji, 
twelve thousand, ban-it, ten thousand to one; eleven 
thousand, ban-hun e-chit-hun, one ten thousandth- 
part; ten thousand to one. ban bu it-sit, not one 
mistake; most certainly. 

ban-li trig-sia", the great wall of China, ban-lf 
tiong-sa, the Prata shoals. 

ban-si-ma (Cn.), a female idol of surname Ban. 
ban-si niu n -niu" (Cn.), id. 

bail (C. pan), kap-ban, a strong money-chest. 

ban, slow, ban -ban, id. ; do it slowly, or slower. 
ban-ban-kia n ,towalkslowly; good-bye. ban--chiah, 
stop a little, ban-chiah-si, id. ban-chiah-kong, 
wait a little before speaking; don't speak just now. 
ban-chiah-kia", don't walk for a little, kin-ban, 
quick and slow ; rate of speed, kin-ban-chiam, 
regulator of watch, kin-ban-poa", id. 

ham-ban, awkward; wanting in ability; stupid. 
ban-tun, stupid at learning; slow at work (v. tun). 













bail (R. id.) tai-ban, to slight; to treat disre- 
spectfully, kheng-ban, id.; to treat lightly, bu- 
ban, to slight; to insult, bu-ban-ban, to treat very 
contemptuously, siong put-cheng, chek ha-ban, 
when superiors are not correct in conduct, inferiors do 
not treat them with respect. 

ban-pi-hong, a dangerous disease of children (v. 

ban — jip-ban, chhut-ban, certain throws in 
gambling with the "lithi-po." 

ban, = pan (R. pan), a section or lobe of an orange, 
&c. kam-ban, a lobe of an orange, iu-ban, a lobe 
of pumelo. kiet-a-ban, a lobe of a lime, soan- 
ban, sections of garlic root peeled off. 

ban (R. id.) ban-tho-hoe, Datura alba (v. 

bang (R. b6ng, = col. mng, mar), bang-bang, 
very small, as rain, powder, &c. chhui bang-bang, 
broken to shivers, iu-bang-bang, very fine, as silk 
or powder. her bang-bang, small drizzling rain. 
h§--a bang-bang, id. 

bang (R. b6ng), mist, hai bang-bang, dim 
misty appearance, or the sea at a distance, as when 
wind is coming, tsiii bang-bang, id. ; also, the water 
not clear. 

bang (R. bSng). tsui bang-bang, so much in- 
toxicated as to be quite confused in mind, bak-chiu 
bang-bang, unable to see clearly. khoa n -bang- 
bang, seeing dimly, as through a mist. khoa"-ki"- 
bang, id. 

bang (C), a surname. 

bang (R. bfing), (C. b6ng), mind confused, per- 
plexed, and bewildered or bustled, as with many mat- 
ters, bang-bang, id. sim bang, id. sim-koa" 
bang, id. bang-bu, id. bang-bang loan-loan, 
id. chhiu bang kha loan, very much so, or hurried, 
with no leisure, toa-bang, id. bang-soah-soah, 
id. bang-iah-iah, id. li teh-bang, your mind is 
bewildered, kin-bang-bang, in a great hurry. 

bang, a stalk of grass, or a reed with the flower or 
empty ear on it. sau-chiu-bang, a stalk of a reed, 
for a sort of broom or brush, soe-a-bang, stalk of 
millet with empty ear on, for a brush, soe-bang, id. 
hoan-soe-bang, id. 

bang (R. bong). koa n -bang, a sort of reed, very 
common by streams, chek-bang, candle-stems made 
of it. bang-tang, sort of reed (v. tang). 

bang — chhu-bang, having small eyes, as a 
near-sighted man. bai-bang (T.), id. 

bang (R. bring), khi-bang, to treat a superior 
with disrespect or slight his orders. 

bang — kong-bang, to conspire together to 
fleece a man. 

bailg [R. bong, a net, = col. bang], bang-kun, 
a head-band used (in the Ming dynasty) for the head- 
dress of females; now only used in plays. 

bang [R. b6ng, a sort of dragon], toa-bang, a 
flowing robe used in plays (by kings and princes), hav- 
ing these dragons on it. 

bang (R. bun), a mosquito, bang-teng, mos- 
quito's bite, bang-chhui, do., or its proboscis, e*- 
teng-bang, a black mosquito with large proboscis. 
er-kha-bang, sort with black feet, ka-tsau-bang, 
a small water-insect used for feeding birds. 

bang-hia, small hand-net for catching mosquitoes. 
bang-sut, flapper for driving them away, bang- 


sak (Cn.), id. bang-ta, mosquito-curtains., bang- 
keng, a semicircular mosquito-curtain on a folding 
frame. bang-ta-keng, id. bang-tiu 11 , hanging 
mosquito-curtains. bang-hiu n , sort of drug burned 
to drive away mosquitoes, bang-bun, a composition 
for this purpose made up in long rolls in paper, bang- 
a-hun, id. tiam-bang-hun thia n -ta n , to keep 
up our spirits, as by getting a companion, or by some 
slight and insufficient precaution. tiam-bang-hiu n 
thia n -ta n , id. tiam-bang-hun phoa n -ta n , id. by 
a companion, bang-a-si, sentences of poetry pasted 
up on 5.5, to drive away mosquitoes (a jocular super- 

hun-bang, to smoke mosquitoes (as above), iet- 
bang, to fan away mosquitoes. phah-bang, to 
drive them away by striking. poa n -bang, do. by 
shaking something. pi n -bang, to become a mosquito, 
as a larva; said also of a boy growing idle, ill-behaved, 
and fond of low pleasures, esp. a lad coming of age, and 
running into gambling or licentiousness; also of an em- 
ploye acting somewhat dishonestly towards employers. 
teh-pi n sim-mih"-bang, why do you begin these 
bad courses? 

bang — khin- bang -bang, very light (not 

bang (R. bong), to hope, hg-bang, do. tsng- 
bang, to place all one's hope on him. sit-bang, to 
lose hope, tsoat-bang, utter despair, bang kau- 
bo--khi, to hope on till all hope is lost, liau-bang, 
to watch and look earnestly for arrival (as of enemy or 

bang-tau, a square box near top of flagstaff. 
bang-thau (P.), =khoa n -thau, to watch against de- 
tection whilst some evil action is done (v. khoa"). 

bailg (R. bong), a dream, tsoe-bang, to dream. 
bang--ki", to dream. bang-khoa"--ki", to see in a 
dream, bin-bang, to dream. 

ju-su-bang, confused dreaming of all sorts of things 
(esp. in spring), often making one call out in sleep. 
phai n -bang, nightmare. phai n -bang chhut-boe 
(nightmare to sell), phrase written up after having had 
an unlucky dream, khoa-sim-bang, a dream about 
what one has been anxiously thinking upon, chhoa- 
jio-bang (vulg.), an empty baseless dream. 

oan-bang, to interpret a dream, oan-sien-bang, 
to dream in the temple of the Genii or on their incense, 
so as to get an augury, fin-sien-bang, id. khun 
sien-kong-bang, id. khun-bang, to sleep at a 
grave or temple in order to get instruction from the 
spirits, thok-bang, to give instruction by a dream, 
as a spirit does (v. thok). 

bailg (R. bong), a net; to catch in a net; to darn 
by cross-stitches. 

bang-tang-a, the tailor-bird (v. tang), ti-tu- 
bang, a spider's web when round and entire. 

bang-tso, a fishing-boat, bang-tui, weights for 
a net. bang-so, a large wooden bodkin or pin for 
weaving nets. bang-kl n (Cn.), id. bang-hia, a 
small hand-net for scooping fish out of a large net. 
bang-se, material of old nets, used for caulking, &c. 
bang-se-ke, a frame covered with nets (in a junk) for 
protection in fighting. 

bang-hi, to catch fish in nets, bang-chiau, to 
catch birds in nets, bang chhek-chiau-a, to catch 
sparrows in nets, bang-kha-chiau (T.), sparrows 
caught in nets. 

he-bang, to set a net. koa-bang, id. khan- 
bang, to pull along a net, as by two boats, or by one 






boat and men on shore, sin-bang, to take fish out of 
the mud and shallow water inclosed by a net at low 
water. khoa"-bang, to guard nets (at sea), taking a 
large percentage, like blackmail, pha-bang, to cast 
a net. phah-bang, to make a net. chhiah-bang, 
id. kiet-bang, id., especially for dress. 

khia-bang, stake-nets, he-bang, a sort of net 
with a broad mouth, fastened between two boats, tng 
he^-bang, to set this sort of net and wait for the tide. 

bang-sa n , to darn a coat or shirt, gia-kang- 
bang, to darn (as a tear) by cross-stitches, si-kak- 
bang, to darn in both directions. 

bat [R. pek, white, clear, = col. peh], (T. pat), to 
know; to be acquainted with; to have done a thing, as 
opposed to having never done it at any time, m-bat- 
khi, I have never gone there, bat-chiah, to have 
tasted it (at some time); fond of good eating, khah- 
bat-sek, knowing well how to act in any circum- 
stances, bat-e-lang, a man well acquainted with a 
matter, bat-ji, able to read, bat-le, to know the 
road, bat-gun, able to distinguish good and bad dol- 
lars, bat-lang, to have skill in knowing men. bat- 
kun-thau, good at boxing, bat-song, knowing how 
to have things neat and comfortable, or how to make 
one's self comfortable; e.g. keeping from hard work, 
bat se-bin, to know how to act in special circum- 
stances, bat chhin-soe, acting with propriety accord- 
ing to relative relationships, bat toa-soe, knowing 
how to act properly, as to superiors and inferiors; e.g. to 
maintain one's dignity towards inferiors, bat koai n - 
ke, id. 

bat jin-cheng, to feel grateful. 

sa n -bat, acquainted with each other, m-bat — i, I 
am not acquainted with him. 

bat [R. b6k, wood], bat-sat, a bed-bug (v. sat). 

bat [R. bek, ink], bat-tsat, = b&k-tsat, the cuttle- 
fish, bat-koa", dried cuttle-fish. 

bat (R. bit, =col. ba, b&k), close; secret; to close up 
a corpse in the coffin, bat-pin, a close partition, 
bat-nun, thick clouds, bun ta-bat-bat, clouds all 
over the sky, and very low. tin-bat-bat, crowded, 
khoeh-bat bat, id. 

bat-chiet, closely shut up, as house, &c. ; securely 
closed against danger, iam-bat, to cover and conceal. 
pi-bat, to keep close, as a secret (v. pi), khhg-bat, 
to hide a thing, siap-bat, carefully shut and closed, 
as against danger; filled up closely, as a crevice; well 
arranged (as affairs), without any flaw, and without let- 
ting out any secret, that-bat, to close up, as an 
opening, that-bat-bat, crowded (as things), chhui 
that-bat, hold your tongue ! 

bat a -be, is he coffined yet? 

bat-e-lang, a man who can keep a secret, tsoe- 
tai-chi m-bat, to manage a matter ill so that the 
secret leaks out. chhui bat, he speaks little and 
cautiously, chhui kau-chiah-bat, why did you not 
speak of it? koe-nrig bat-bat, to u-phang (though 
an egg be very close yet it has holes), the closest secret 
may leak out. kau-chiam teng, bat-liii thi n , very 
careful of money, and rather over-cautious. kau- 
chiam teng, bat-liu poa", id. kau-chiam teng, 
koh bat-pang, id. 

bat-liu-liu, very close, bat-siam-siam, very 
dense, as foliage, or as a densely peopled district; safely 
stowed away or guarded, bat-tiu-tiu, closely crowded, 
as men; safely hid and guarded so that no one knows; 
all very tight and no chink left, bat-chiuh-chiuh, 
very crowded, as street at a play. 

bat-sit, = bak-sit, very many, as things; very cheap 
and many for the money. 

bail [R. pau, to inclose], to fold in a rounded edge 
or border, bau-lau, id. bau--lai, folded or curved 
inwards, bau-ki", to fold the edge or border, bau- 
oa, fold it close, bau-sun, to fold so as to make a 
border or rim (v. sun), chhui bau-bau, lips folded 
inwards and mouth shut; silent, chhui-tun bau- 
bau, lips naturally rather turned inwards, bau-tiin, 
to turn in the lips, as children; to cover an article with 
some other material (as pewter over stoneware) turning 
over the edges. 

bail (esp. T.), =mau n . bau-bau, taking it easy; 
not particular; not standing on our right (v. ln&u"). 

bail [R. id., sort of spear], bau-tiin (lit. sword 
and shield), opposite uses; contradiction, ka-ki bau- 
tiin, to contradict one's self, tsu-siong bau-tiin, id. 

bail (T.), =A. mau n , a helmet. 

bail (R. id.), the Pleiades, = ker-chhi n , = bau- 

bail (R. id.), a cyclical character, also 5-7 a.m. 
bau-si, 5-7 a.m. in-tsong bau-hoat, as soon as 
buried the good influence of the grave is manifested. 
tsap-ji-geh bau, put-kien-chhau, in winter, at 
the hour "biiu," one cannot see (grass). 

tiam-bau, to mark the roll, as of soldiers or of em- 
ployes in yamun. eng-bau, to answer to one's name 
on roll, bau-mia 11 , name on the books of a yamun as 
if employed, but really only for protection, phu chit- 
e bau-mia", to have one's name thus entered, im 
chit-e bau-mia'', id. koa-bau, id. jip-bau, id. 
pai-bau, id. pai hii-bau, have one's name on the 
books of the Foo. hii-bau, name on books of the Foo. 
koai"-bau, name on books of the Hien. to-bau, on 
books of the Tau-tai. 

belli (esp. T.), =mauh n (q. v.), to embezzle; to cheat. 

bail — boe-bau — tit, cannot be frightened so as 
to be cheated or defrauded. 

bail, to mix up, as food; in some special phrases. 
bau-lau, id. bau-mi n , to mix vermicelli with other 
eatables, bau m-ho-chiah, not well compounded, 
so as not to taste well. 

baU (esp. T.), =mau n , face, &c. (q. v.) 

bailll, to bargain or contract for in the lump, as 
work or goods, te-bauh, calculating roughly by sight. 
bauh-tui, bargain for in gross, am-teh-bauh, id. 
tsoan-bauh, contract for the whole at once, tsoe- 
chit-e-bauh, id. bauh-boe-liau, cannot be all 
bargained for at once (too much), bauh the-thau, 
bargain for removing rubbish, bauh-kang, to con- 
tract for a work by the job, including all the various 
sorts of work, bauh siok-mih n , to buy things cheap 
in a lot. 

bailll — bauh-soah, to dare a man to do his 
worst; to deride a man's attempts as contemptible, futile, 
and quite useless, bauh-siah, id. bauh-soah--i 
bo-tsai-tiau, to deride him as quite unable, goa- 
ka n bauh-soah--i, I am not afraid to say that his 
attempts are utterly futile. 

be (R. mui n ). loh-he-be,' gentle showers, loh- 
he-be, long drizzling rains that make everything damp. 

be (R. bi), (T. bQ, C. moai n , P. Cn. m ai n ), rice 
cooked soft and moist; some vegetable soups, han- 
tsu-be, broth of rice and sweet potatoes, or of sweet 
potatoes alone, lek-tau-be, broth of rice and small 
green peas, be-png, cooked rice of all sorts, be- 









prig boe-cbiab, cannot eat rice cooked in any way. 
am -be, congee; rice boiled soft and swimming in much 
rice-water, bell-am m-tib-be, can take nothing but 
rice-gruel, said of a sick man; said also of a man so poor 
that but little money can be extracted from him. bi- 
be, very thin-boiled rice, kbo-tbau-be, rice boiled 
quite soft, but almost dry and adhesive like paste. 
kbiob-liap-be, congee with the rice-grains still whole. 
poa"-mi n -be cbiab-kau-ia, spending long weari- 
some hours at night learning boxing, sometimes said of 
other things. poa"-mi n -be cbiab-kau-m, id. 

l)£ — be-tboa n -be, broken-down charcoal (v. 

1)£ (R. ni). tbe-be, mud. tbe-be-cbiu n , thin 
slushy mud. cbbau-kau-be, dirty stinking mud of 
a drain. 

DC (R. id.), to deceive; to seduce into evil or error, 
be-le, id. be — kbi, deluded; to vanish, as an appari- 
tion, be-bek, to delude; to seduce into evil, bun- 
be, deluded; bewildered; faint from sickness or wearied 
by long discussion, or by drink, be-loan, deluded by 
vicious pleasure, sim-sin be-loan, mind led astray, 
as by lustful desires, tbam-be, enslaved by vicious 
desire, tbam-be lu-sek, enslaved by lust, tbam- 
be cbiu-sek, do. by liquor and lust, cbiu put- 
tsui-jin, jin tsu-tsui; boa put-be-jin, jin tsu- 
be\ it is men who make themselves drunk and depraved; 
it is not the liquor and women that do it. 

cbip-be, doggedly; set on a bad or wrong course, 
sit-be (R.), to lose one's way. be-le, id. kia n be- 
le, to go on in wicked ways, having been deluded into 
them. kia n — liau be-le, walking by a wrong road. 

be-bun-iob, anaesthetic medicine, be-bun-tin, a 
band of soldiers bewitching the enemy by spells; men 
deluding the simple and unwary and seducing them into 
vice and crime, be-bak, to deceive the eyes. 

cbiau-be (better "b6e"), a decoy-bird, tsoe-be, 
to be a decoy. 

be (R. ma), (C. be), be-ka, mackerel (v. ka). 

be (C. b6e). be-cbi, a sort of root (v. chi). 

b<^ (R. m&), (C. hi), be-cbi, contracted characters 
for the numerals, used in calculations, and read exactly 
as the Arabic numerals, from left to right, according to 
the decimal notation; counters used in gambling (s. 
horse), be-a, id., numerals (s. horse), be-ji, id. (s. 
end), pbab be-cbi, to calculate by these numeral 
characters; to use them. 

pbab be-a, to farm the revenue of an article, as of 
opium, be-tbau, a large busy trading port (s. horse). 

cbiob-be, a pile of stones projecting into a stream; 
the town of Chioh-bey or Shimma below Chang-chew (s. 

b£ (R. ma), (C. hi). be-16, cornelian (v. 16). 

be" (C. b6e). be-iab, a butterfly (v. iah). 

be' (C), =A. b6e, to buy. 

be (R. ma), (C. be), a horse; a surname; a man who 
writes essays for others ; used in many phrases for 

bin-be, shape of the face, bin-be tng, face long- 
shaped, bin-be si-pang, face well formed and well 
proportioned, rather round and full, bin-be su- 
thin, id. 

be-a, a colt; a very low, mean sort of servant or per- 
son of bad character (s. numerals), be — ko, servant in 
a bad house, be-cbi, servant in a bad house; a very 
mean sort of servant (s. numerals), lang-be, persons 
in general (numerous). toa"-sin pbit-be, a solitary 

man, without relations, lau-be tien-tsang (the old 
horse erects his mane), said of an old man with youthful 
vigour, bo-be, a good horse; a stout brave man; a 
good walker. bo-be-ebbat, a very bold robber, 
ebbat-be, thieves and robbers, biang-be, highway- 
robbers (v. hiang). peng-be, soldiers, be-kboai, 
underling of yamun, who has the oversight of thieves 
and stolen property, cbbien-li-be, a very fast horse 
or courier, pd-be, an express messenger with de- 
spatches, tbam-tsu-be, a spy. cbbia n -be, to have 
a man to write an essay for examination. 

be-cbiu", on horseback, be-teng, id. teng-be, 
boys on horseback in a procession with incense, teng- 
be-koa n , a small mandarin on horseback before a high 
mandarin. cbiu"-be, to mount a horse. cbiu n -be- 
bong, a mortal venereal disease (v. hong). 16b-be, 
to dismount. ka-i-16b-be, to give a feast (or make 
presents of food) on occasion of a man returning from 
abroad, or from a long journey, ka-i-kbi-be, to give 
a feast when a man is starting for a long journey, 
kbi-be-tob, a feast given by the parents just before 
the marriage ceremony, pe-be, to harness a horse, 
se-be, to hire a horse, kbia-be, to ride, pbau-be, 
to ride fast. 

sai ke-be, to manage to pass a bad article or bad 
money (v. ke, to cross). 

be-peng, cavalry, cbien-be, a war-horse, be- 
tui, a troop of cavalry. be-cbi n , archers on horseback 
(v. chl n ). be-hu, groom; a stable-boy. be-le, a slave 
who attends horses (said only in scolding or jesting). 

be-toe, horse's hoof (v. toe), be-ia", mane, be- 
tsang, id. be-oa", saddle, be-tab-tbeng, stir- 
rup, be-tab-teng, id. be-ka-kiu", the bit. be- 
ebbe-ebbiu, reins; bridle, be-sob, a halter for lead- 
ing a horse. be-pi n , a switch; a whip, be-pang, a 
stable, be-tiau, id. be-noa", a stall (v. noa n ). be- 
ebbia, a cart or carriage drawn by horses, be-long, 
horses' bells, be-bam-leng, id. be-lan(T.), id. 

be-ebbeng, a pistol, be-nng, sort of confection. 

be-koa, a jacket or short outer Chinese coat (v. koa). 
be-tbang, a close stool or chair for going to stool. 
be-i, short narrow benches for supporting a tressel-bed 
or platform (gen. of bamboo), tek-be, id. tek-be; 
(C. ), id. ; also, a sort of fixed hobby-horse. 

tbib-be, a musical instrument made of bits of glass 
hung so as to rattle in the wind; three-cornered spikes, 
used against thieves. sa"-kba-be, three-cornered 
spikes thrown on a place where thieves or enemies are 
expected; three-legged socket for lamp- wick, set in cup 
of oil. 

be-khau-tbib, tin-plate, probably originally "iron 
from Macao." 

bai-be, the seal, tsui-be, a sort of small water- 

be-le, a straight ditch in review ground for horse 
exercise; said also of foreign-made roads (s. end). 

tsau-be-lau, an upper verandah, tsau-be-teng, 
a revolving lantern with horses on it. tsau-be kboa n - 
cbin-tsu, to fail to observe a thing from haste. 

cbbi n -be, an unbroken horse; a very incautious, 
hasty, ungovernable man (v. chhi"). sek-be, a trained 

be-cbiong-kun, a horse-headed idol, attendant of 
Giam-lo-ong. be-sai-ia, an idol holding a horse, as 
at the tutelary temple of a city, be-kong-ia, an idol 
of the surname Ma, esp. at C. bun-be, small square 
bits of paper with pictures and words on them, burned 
on 12.24 and 1.4. sia-be, to unsaddle a horse; also, 


be 15 

paper horses burned for the dead. chl n sia-b6, to 
Btuff these paper horses before burning them. 

kiii kap-be hau, meddling when one has no busi- 
ness, and saying what has no connection with the mat- 
ter, kui kap-be hau; liah-ti, kau chham-teh- 
pui, do. (lit. ghosts and horses making a noise, on catch- 
ing the pig, the dog too barks), bo-gu sai-be, take 
what you can get (v. gu). chioh-be, a stone horse (s. 
numeral and port). 

be (R. bi), (C. b6e, T. Cn. b6), tail, end, point, top 
^as of tree or mast); mouth-end of trumpet or pipe; the 
last; classifier of fish, worms, serpents, &c. 

be-be (C. b6e-boe), the very last, be-be (C. b£- 
b6e), a horse's tail, soah-be, the end; the last (v. 
eoah). l§--be, do. ; end of the road, au-be, behind, 
be-au, do. ; end; afterwards, be-bin, afterwards; end. 
be-chhiu, id. kau-be-sin, at last, khah te-be 
(C. tde-b6e), at a later time (v. te). 

boat-be, degenerate or ruinous state, as near the 
end of family or dynasty. thi n -toe-be, end of heaven 
and earth, said of very great calamities, chhiu-be, 
end of hand about the fingers; small articles of personal 
property left at death (v. chhiii). toa-pha-be, a 
large tail (as of silver-fish); an affair becoming very 
serious; expenses heavy, so as to leave but small net 
gains, bo-be, not to have numerous posterity or good 
fortune at the last, as a butcher, kau— lang bo -be, 
short and changeable in friendships. h6-be, happy 
end, as of an affair (s. horse), chit-e-lang kui-na 
e-be, many ends are possible for one man, as great 
changes of fortune, be-keng, last years of a man's 
life (v. k<5ng). be-un, do. , as in fortune-telling, be- 
un, the rhyming word in the last line of an ode. 

kbi chhu-be\ there is a waterspout, tng-be- 
chhi", a comet (v. chhi"). be-ku, a kite shaped like 
a turtle with a long tail. 

mi n -be, raw cotton (for spinning) in long rolls (v. 
mt n ). he-be, remnant of a lot of goods. chi n -be, 
balance of money (esp. cash) on hand, tsau chi"-be, 
to pay the balance, loh chi n -be, a rich man losing 

tsui-be, the part of a stream below us. i n -be, back 
part of woman's hair, thau-mfig-be, end of a man's 
hair (v. mng). thau-tsang-be, tassel at end of a 
man's queue, or end of it. kha-be, the part of the 
foot about the toes, tsun-be, stern of boat or junk. 
oan-keng-be, raised rounded stern of junk, khui- 
be, having no boards at stern, leaving it quite open, 
bak-be, outer corner of eye. to-be, the corner of the 
edge of a square knne near the handle, hun-chhe- 
be, mouth-end of pipe. i n -be, smaller end of beam, 
ui-be, top of mast, chhiu-be, top of tree. 

chhia n -be, to complete, to finish well. chia n -be, 
an entire animal of sort classified by "be\" thoa-be, 
to lengthen out and procrastinate (v. thoa). seh be- 
1§, to put off paving money over and over, to-be- 
lun, to push straight back, as boat aground, tak-be, 
slightly blunted, as a needle. 

chit-be na n -hi--nih n (as bare as a fish), very 
poor, or plundered by robbers. 

be-khau, to dress gaudily, as a fast young fellow; 
walking with large turban, and with jacket half-open, 
in a swaggering or bullying manner, eating much betel- 
nut, and ready to quarrel with any one. 

be-pa-thau, the small of the back, be-tsui-kut, 
the coccyx bone (v. tsui). be-sang, the mizzen-mast. 
be-mia", the last name on a list, be-seng (the last 
province), said of Fuh-kien. be-tsai", the little finger. 


be-ji-tsai n , the second last finger, the ring-finger. 
be-ji-tsoa, the second last line, be-ji-iah, second 
last page. be-ji--e, the second last (of any thing). 
be-ji, the last character (s. numeral). 

thau-be, beginning and end; first and last; from 
first to last; head and tail. chhu-pi n thau-be, the 
neighbours on both sides, thau-be bo-sa n -ke - , be- 
ginning and end not agreeing, as of essay or evidence 
(v. ke-). le-thau l§--be, beginning and end of jour- 
ney, le-thau, ta" teng-sim; le-be, ta n thih- 
tbfii, easy at first, but very difficult at last, ho-thau 
ho-be, beginning and end good and fortunate. h6- 
thau put-ju ho-be, a good end is more important 
than a good beginning, u-thau bo-be, begun indeed, 
but not well ended; not to the point, as talk, bo- 
thau bo-be, ill-composed, as document without order; 
worthless and bad, as a man; having no suitable clue, 
as a case, &c. bo khi-thau, bo soah-be, having 
neither beginning nor end. tau-thau tau-be, to 
give some assistance here and there, as in work. thi n - 
thau thiap-be, to give a little occasional help (in 
money) so that a man is just able to get on. kia n - 
thau kia n -be, irresolute through fear of possible con- 
sequences, her-thau niau-chhu-be (tiger's head, 
rat's tail), beginning very boldly, but ending in nothing. 
thau kau-b6, from first to last, thau tioh, be si, 
good fortune, or all right from beginning to end. si n - 
thau hoat-be, to have boils, pimples, or eruptions 
all over, koe-thau oa n -be, to make a thorough re- 
pair, so as to make an old thing look new. koe-thau 
chhi -be, all the market and busy streets. soa n -thau 
nia n -b6, mountains and hills, phah-thau, chiu- 
tsai tng-be, on hearing a little about it he can tell it 
all, or can manage it all right, chiam-thau soa"- 
be, needle and thread. 

t>C — loan-be-be, confused in mind, so as to do 
things in an insufficient way. ju-be-be, id. 

be (R. bi), (C. boe, Cn. bo), not yet. a-be, do., 
or not yet. ia-be, id. iau-be, id. be-bat, never 
yet — . be-thang, do not yet; not yet allowable, 
chiah — be, have you eaten 1 good morning, u — be, 
have you or have you not yet (and so in such questions). 

be (R. mui n ), (T. bo, C. moai n , moe", P. rnai"). 
sio-be, younger sister; younger female cousin, tong- 
sio-be, younger female cousin of same surname, piau- 
sio-be, younger female cousin by mother's side, khoe- 
be, daughter of a sort of adoptive mother (v. kh6e). 

chi-be, sisters, elder and younger; female cousins. 
hia n -be, a man and his younger sister; e.g. as in 
saying that they only remain of the family, be-sai, 
husband of younger sister, be-hu, do (r). 

be (C), = A. boe, unable. 

be (C), = A. boe, to sell, be tfig-kang, to bind 
one's self for a long time as labourer at fixed wages. 

beh (C. boeh, Cn. boh, boh), to wish, to will; auxil- 
iary verb of future, will or shall; almost, just about 
to — . beh m, will you or will you not ? teh-beh, 
about to — . tih-beh, id. ai-beh, to wish or de 
sire, teh-ai teh-beh, just (at the time) wishing to 
have or to do something, ai-beh-si, boe-tit--thang 
khui-tng, said of very great grief or pain, tit-thau- 
beh, determined to have or to do at all risks and by 
whatever means. 

beh-kau, almost arrived; almost enough; almost up 
to. beh-kau-thg, almost long enough, beh-am, 
almost dark. 

beh-goa loa-tng loa-toa, how much money do 







you wish from me? beh. e-mfig--mah, uu you want 
to go to Amoy? 

bell, = mih" (B. mih n ). beh--tai, what now? 
what is the matter? what do you want? (slightly finding 
fault), beh--lai, id. beh-thai, how ! beh-thai, 
how? (v. thai), beh-tsai", id. (v. tsai n ). beh-sia"- 
ta n -kin, of what consequence is it? (v. kin), beh- 
sia n -tsai, how can any one know? who can tell? 11 
beh-sia"-tsai, how can you possibly know? beh- 
sia"-hoat--i, what possible resource can there be? 

bell (R. biet), (C. b6eh), a stocking, a sock, kha- 
beh, warm leggings without feet worn by women, beh- 
tsu, cloth worn inside the stocking, beh-per, id. beh- 
toa, a garter, beh-tfig, a sock, beh-tsun, the 
quilted part of a stocking-foot, not including the sole. 
beh-toe, the sole of a stocking, sewed on. lip beh- 
toe, to make the padded soles of stockings, kap-beh, 
to sew the soles on the stockings. chhiu n -beh, id. 
beh-thang, the leg of a stocking, beh-ang, id. 
beh-phi n , the halves which are sewed together to make 
a stocking-leg. 

chheng-beh, to put on or wear stockings, thap- 
beh, to put on stockings as well as shoes, chheng- 
6e tioh-beh, to wear shoes and stockings. 

pau-a-beh, soft stockings (for children) like bags, 
without the usual stiff soles. m& tai-siau-beh, 
elastic stockings (woollen), poan-chiet-beh, stock- 
ings with legs and feet of different stuffs, chhiu-beh, 
thin stockings, often short, chhiu-a-beh, id. toa n - 
teng-beh, stockings of one thickness of cloth, siang- 
teng-beh, stockings of double cloth. 

b61l (R. bek), = meh n , the pulse (esp. T. and Cn., 
and sometimes A., while meh n is A. and C.) khui- 
beh (T. ), = A. khl-meh n , the pulse, bai-beh (Cn. ), = 
A. bong-meh", to feel the pulse. 

beh (R. bek), (C. beh), bearded grain; barley; bearded 
wheat; wheat; corn, beh-a, wheat (bearded), sio- 
beh, id. toa-beh, barley, toa-beh-be, barley 
boiled soft, chiah toa-beh-be, kong hong-te- 
6e, a poor man boasting greatly, gia-kang-beh, a 
sort of grain, chhim-kun-beh, another sort. 

kio-beh, buck-wheat; also used as medicine, hoan- 
beh-sui, Indian corn. 

beh-sui, an ear of wheat or barley, beh-chhiu, its 
beard, beh-ko, a stalk of straw of wheat or barley (v. 
k6). beh-ge, dried sprouted barley, beh-le, a sort 
of shell-fish, beh-le-ko, a sort of glutinous inspissated 
syrup, beh-te, a fried cake made of meal, beh- 
hun, wheaten meal or coarse flour, beh-thau, larger 
lumps riddled out of the flour, beh-phe*, bran, beh- 
hu, parched grain pounded small. 

beh-chhu, prickly heat (v. chhu). 

beh-tang, wheat and barley harvest. beh-ki n , a 
flail, beh-soe, an iron comb for separating the ear 
from the stalk, beh-tui, a heap of cut grain, or of 
grain. beh-pu (C), a heap of cut wheat or barley. 
lun-beh, to send the wheel over wheat or barley. 

beh [R. bit, close, = col. bit, ba, bak]. beh-beh- 
Si, = bit-bat-si, very numerous. 

bell (Cn. bo'h). beh-si, slowly. 

bek [R. bearded grain, = col. beh]. to liong siok, 
bek su chek, the six grains, bek-bim, the seed 
of a tree (medicinal), bek-biln-tong, a medicinal 

bek [R. silent, secret], to write from memory, am- 
bek, id. bek-ji, to write out characters from memory, 
bek-chheh, to write out part of a book from memory, 



as a scholar, bek-keng, write from memory a part 
of the classics. 

bek-bek put-gu (R.), silent; without one word. 
bek-si (X.), to reveal or inspire; inspiration. 

bek [R. the pulse, = col. beh, meh"]. hiet-bek— e 
(of one's own blood and pulse), said of one's real son. 
chhin-hiet-bek, id. 

bek [R. ink, = col. bak]. chi-bek, to sketch pic- 
tures or write characters with nail of finger or thumb 
dipped in ink; sometimes with slip of bamboo, chi- 
bek-ui, to sketch pictures in this way. ho-pit-bek, 
having a good hand (writing). 

bun-bek, polite; learned; gentlemanly (as man or 

beilg [R. to engrave], bong-ehi-beng, an en- 
graved stone from which copies are printed for friends, 
and which is then buried with the coffin (only used by 
rich or learned men), bo-chi-beng, id. 

beilg [R. to make asolemn agreement], beng-iok, 
a solemn covenant (s. clear), hoe-beng, to con- 
federate, as allied princes, teng-beng (R. ), to fix the 
bargain for marriage of son or daughter. beng-hia n - 
tl, sworn covenanted brethren, goan-beng — e, one 
of our league; my sworn brother, chhap-hiet tong- 
beng, to make a league by mixing and drinking blood 
(a great crime), (v. chhap). beng-pe-bii-hoe, a club 
the members of which assist each other at the burial of 

beilg (R. id.), clear, bright, plain, just (as man- 
darin); Ming dynasty; ripe, as pine-apple. 

sin-beng, objects of idolatrous worship. 

beng-tiau, the Ming dynasty. 

chheng-beng = chhi n -miri n , the "feast of tombs," on 
or about 5th April, chheng-beng-hoe, a mountain 
shrub with white linear petals. chheng-chheng 
beng-beng, correct and free from involved details, as 
affair; honest and straightforward, as man who does not 
meddle in improper matters. 

beng-pek, plain; to understand: finished (v. pek). 
beng-lang, clear, perspicuous, phin-beng, to spe- 
cify distinctly in an agreement, thiah-beng, to ex- 
plain distinctly, in speaking. thia"-beng, to repeat 
over (as instructions), that they may be fully under- 
stood, tsti-beng, to explain by notes or commentary, 
koe-beng, to explain the meaning, as of a book. 
koe-beng, to correct and make clearer, hun-beng, 
clear and distinct; clearly discriminated, hien-beng, 
to manifest, piau-beng, to illustrate; to show forth, 
chi -beng (R. ), to point out clearly, beng-iok, to 
make a distinct agreement (s. covenant), beng- 
phin, id. (verbally), beng-toan, id. beng-her, 
id. beng-boe beng-boe, fair open sale, with no 
fraud or mistake, beng-moa," am-phien. to deceive 
and cheat openly, beng-jin put-tsok am-su, an 
upright man does not practise secret wickedness, beng- 
li, clearly understanding the principles of a matter. 

put-beng, unjust, as a settlement or judgment, 
when the wrong is not redressed; having a flaw, as a sale, 
&c. beng-keng, you are very just (mandarin), (v. 
keng, "a mirror"), beng-khi, upright and honour- 
able in dealings (s. name). si, khah-beng-khi, 
better die than this. 

beng-bok, credentials; clearness of case (v. b6k, 
"eye"), beng-bun, credentials, certificate. 

beng-kim, good large first-class cash (s. sound). 

oan-beng, settled, as account or affair. 

beng-liang, bright, as lamp ; clear, as glass (v. 








lifing); also (C.) clear, as voice, beng-kak, thin 
transparent horn, as for lanterns. kbe-beng-cbbi", 
the morning star, beng-her" kiap-liok, housebreak- 
ing with lighted torches. 

cbbong-beng (P.), = chhang-mia", intelligent, 
talented, cbbong-beng tsai-ni"-bok, talent is in- 
dicated by the appearance of the ears and eyes, in for- 

ong-lai u-beng, the pine-apple is yellow and ripe, 
ong-lai put-cbi-beng, id. beng-kiu", preserved 
ginger, beng-tbrig, a sweet half-transparent confec- 
tion with hemp-seeds on top. 

beng-i n , sort of oil mixed with varnish, to make it 
dry quickly, beng-i, id. koat-beng, cooling medi- 
cine for eyes and boils; one kind from a shell, another 
from a plant (Cassia tora?); the shell itself (Haliotis?). 
koat-beng-bun, the medicine from the shell, in 
powder, cbiob-koat-beng, the shell itself. 

kbong-beng, a famous man of the "Three King- 

j^y, doms" (Sam-kok). kbong-beng-teng, a fire-balloon. 

■f^/_ beng [R. sort of insect], to buy a child and adopt 

y \ it. beng--e, a child thus bought and fully adopted 

(.quite different from "kh&e-kia"," which is a mere 

friendly alliance, not actual adoption), beng-leng — e, 

id. beng-leng-e-kia", id. 

b6ng (R. id.) beng-kiap-cbbau, a sensitive 
plant (fabulous). 

beilg" [R. to make a loud noise, as trumpet or clock]. 
beng-kim siu-kun, to sound a retreat, tsu-beng- 
cbeng (Cn. ), a clock that strikes. 

beilg [R. name, famous, reputation, = col. mia"]. 
beng-bun, rank, station, office and duty, beng- 
bong, influential or honourable standing (v. bong), 
beng-cbiet, character of person (v. chiet). beng- 
sek, fame, reputation, beng-sek-cbiong, very fine 
Sou-chong tea. beng-cbiong-te, id. u sim-mib n 
beng-sek, whose name has he, as a proof, &c. cbia- 
lang-beng-sek, falsely using another man's name 
and reputation, bun-beng, famous (v. bun, "hear"). 
beng-li, fame and wealth (v. li). kong-beng bien- 
tat (R. ), rapidly getting high literary honours, seng- 
beng, to become famous (as man), it-ku seng- 
beng, tbien-ba ti, all the world knows his fame at 
once, said of a man becoming a Kujin. beng iong 
su-bai, everywhere famous, su-bai iong-beng, 
id. beng-kong ku-kbeng, illustrious mandarins, 
as in speaking of their native place. 

ber-beng, trying to get the acquaintance of a talented 
or important man. h& i-e-beng, id. bcr-beng 
chiab-kber-koe, to follow the fashion, though it may 
be very expensive or inconvenient. me^-beng, to use 
another's name falsely; to pretend to rank, power, or 
reputation, to which one has no claim, ke-beng-su, 
to put on a proud look, like a great scholar (v. su). 
iu-beng bu-sit, having the name without the reality. 
bai-beng tsa-su, to conceal one's name, pretending 
to be dead, jin su, liu-beng; h6 su, liu-pbi, as a 
tiger leaves only his skin, so with a man's reputation 
after death. 

beng-beng, the private secretary in a yamun who 
attends to legal cases, tiau-teng e-beng-kbi, in- 
signia of rank worn by high mandarins. 

bu-beng-tsai n , the ring-finger, bu-beng siau- 
tsut (lit. nameless soldier), one of the nameless, worth- 
less common people, beng-ka, a distinguished family. 
beng-ka-ui, pictures by famous artists, beng-ka- 
ji, large finely written characters on ancient scrolls. 
beng-ji, id. 

tai-beng (polite, as all the following), what is your 
name, sir'! ko-beng, id. ko-seng tsun-beng, 
what are your surname and name's (v. seng). cbien- 
beng, my name is — . siau-beng, id. 

beilg [R. beng, the surname]. g&-beng, the boy 
who allowed the mosquitoes to sting him that his parents 
might not be stung, li beb-tsoe g&-b£ng, are you 
going to sleep without mosquito-curtains 1 

bcilg (It. id.), brave; fierce; powerful and influen- 
tial, as having a powerful protector, or great prestige, or 
a numerous clan to back him. toa-liap-beng, ex- 
ceedingly powerful (in that sense), beng-lam, the 
strong and the weak, as families or clans; the principle 
of influence and prestige. kbo-li-beng, you are 
trusting in the powerful backing that you have, it- 
bi beng, only daring and nothing else (as if going to 
tight people), beng bo-toe, braggardly; vain boast- 
ing without real power, cbbui teb-beng, brave and 
great only with the mouth, kan-ta beng, trying to 
frighten people, and effect the purpose by mere threats 
or boasting, tau-beng, two men trying to overcome 
each other, as in fighting or gymnastics; or in simple 
threatening, or each saying "you must," while the other 
says "I won't." te"-beng, id. 

iong-b^ng, brave, beng-cbiong, a brave mili- 
tary commander. 

beng-siu, wild beasts. beng-b6, a fierce tiger 
(v. her). 

beilg [R. to command, fate, = col. mia n ], fate, life, 
beng-leng, a command; to command, ui-beng 
(R. ), to disobey commands, fii-beng (R. ), last will 
and testament, bong-beng, to receive a command. 
leng-beng, I have received your commands (polite 

tbien-beng, the will of Heaven, especially as to 
kings and kingdoms, gek tbien-beng, to transgress 
the commands of Heaven, tbeng-tbien iu-beng, 
we can but submit to the decree of Heaven. 

su-seng iu-beng, life and death are fated, sat- 
seng bai-beng, to kill living creatures, m-sat- 
seng, m-bai-beng, not to take life at all (Buddhist 

si-un-beng, a man's fortune, as very good or bad 
(v. un). san-i-beng pok-siong, the arts of medi- 
cine and divination, &c. (v. si6ng). beng-t& to- 
ebbun, my fate is very bad. bong-gan to pok- 
beng, beautiful women are usually unfortunate, ban- 
poan, ter si -beng: poan-tiam, put-iu-jin, all is 
from fate, nothing from man's will. 

tsai-beng siong-lien, wealth and life are most 
closely connected, be-tsai bai-beng, to take the 
life of another for gain. 6e-siong-beng, deadly, as 
blow or poison. 6e-ti-beng, deadly, as wound or 
disease, jin-beng, a man's life, as to the legal con- 
sequences of death, jin-beng-an, a case of murder or 
homicide, &c. beng-an, id tng-jin-beng, to 
bear the responsibility for a death, cbiab-jin-beng, 
to take money in compensation for a death, ebbiu"- 
jin-beng, to plunder a house where a death has taken 
place, gia-jin-beng, to accuse falsely, and lay the 
responsibility of the death on him. sat-jin siong- 
beng, life for life. 

bcilg (R. id.), a surname, beng-tsu, Mencius. 
kbong-beng, Confucius and Mencius. beng-bu, 
the mother of Mencius. 

bi = boe, to dodge or skulk about, thau-bi, id. 
bi-lai bi-kbi, id. bi— ke-kbi, to move stealthily 












past, bi ti-ka-chiah-au, to dodge behind one's 

bi = bi. hong bi-bi, wind very gentle, hong- 
a bi-bi, id. chhio-bi-bi, to smile or laugh slightly. 
bi-bi-chhio, id. 

bl — bi-chhi, lock gone wrong, so that it cannot 
be opened; food or drink causing a slight unpleasant 
obstruction in throat at the root of the nose, less than 
ke n --tioh. 

bl [R. small], hong bi-bi, wind very gentle, bi- 
bi-a-hong, a very gentle breeze, bi-bi e-her, very 
slight rain, bi-bi-a-chhio, to smile. 

hi-bi, few and scanty, jin-teng hi-bi, popula- 
tion scanty, bi-chhek hi-bi, rice-crop scanty, soe- 
bi, to diminish; to lose prosperity; to decline in fortune. 
heng-ong soe-bi, to prosper and decline, bi-boat, 
very small and unimportant, as trade or gains, pi-bi 
(R.), very low in rank or station, bi-heng, to go in- 
cognito (as mandarin). 

bi-biau, vague; without proof; undecided in pur- 

siu n kau-jip-bi, to think very carefully or minutely. 

chi-bi-chhi n , a star near the Great Bear, chi-bi 
tai-te, the god of that star. 

bl, to doze, as under influence of opium, or of a 
long weary talk, bak-chiu bi-bi, eyes hardly able 
to keep open. 

bl (R. bi). bi-lek-hut, name of an idol (v. lek). 

bl (R. id.) bi-chiu, an island near Hing-hwa 
(called on charts Mei-chen, for Mei-cheu), where Mii- 
tser-po was born. 

bl [R. a lintel, &c.,=col. Mi]. tiu n -bi, fixed top 
of a pair of curtains, across top of bed at front, generally 
embroidered or having a picture on it. bang-ta-bi, 
fixed top of mosquito-curtains at front, bin-chhng- 
bi, wooden screen-work across top of Chinese bed in 
front, chhfig-bi, id. teng-bi, top of the frame of 
a Chinese lantern. bi-te"-pang, panelling over top 
of a Chinese door, hien-iau-bun-bi (R.), to be a 
mandarin (lit. have a magnificent door). 

bl (R. id.) chhiu n -bi-hoe, a rose, te-bi-hoe, 
a sort of rose. 

bl [R. eyebrows, = col. bai]. che-bi, a heavy club 
about a man's height, che-bi-thui, id. hoe-bi, a 
bird like a thrush, that can talk, and is fond of fighting. 
hoa-bi (C), id. siu-bi, a sort of tea with long leaves 
from Lung-yen-chow. 

bl — bi-bi-bi, sound used in calling ducks. 
niau n -bi, sound used in calling cats, khe - niau"- 
bi, to call cats in this way. 

bl [R. tail, end, = col. h€\. su-bi, a flapper (like 
mosquito flapper) used by the genii. ui-siu ui-bi 
(afraid of beginning and end), afraid to meddle with a 
matter or see a man, for fear of the consequences. 

bi (R. id.), rice in grain, already separated from the 
husk (in the husk it is "chhek"); said also of many 
small round things, peh-bi, rice beaten white in the 
mortar, and so cleaned from the bran, chho-bi, rice 
separated from the husk, but not yet cleaned of the 
bran, chhui-bi, rice broken in the process of clean- 
ing. chhui-bi-niau n , pock-marked with small sort 
of pocks, chhiah-bi, a reddish sort of rice, ang 
bi, id. ehiam-a-bi, the best sort of rice, tsa-bi, 
rice of the summer crop, un-bi, rice of the winter crop, 
teng-bi, hard rice, tsut-bi, glutinous rice (v. tsut). 
chhng-bi, rice (inferior), from the public granaries. 

tai-a-bi, a small grain like millet, sia-ker-bi, 
sago, soe-a-bi, a small sort of millet for feeding 

he-bi, dried shrimps, song-bi, do. very small, 
from Luzon, er-bi (black rice), said of opium, te-bi 
(Cn.), tea as sold. gia-lan-bi, cochineal, lan- 
hoe-bi, the picked flowers of the "Ian" plant, soan- 
thau-bi, roots of garlic, chhai-pe^-bi, long turnips 
sliced and sun-dried. th&-bi-soa, fine gravel for 
mixing in mortar, tek-bi (C), the flower of the 

chiam-bi-koa, to divine by rice grains, u-bi- 
bu, to have some remnant of rice in the jar; to have 
something over for time of distress, lau — koa tsoe- 
bi-bu, keep a little for emergencies. 

bi-niu", provisions. bi-chi n , money due for rice 
got on credit for daily use. khiam bi-chi n , to owe 
such an account, bi-tau, a small dark legume, bi- 
chiu, liquor distilled from rice, bi-chiu", pulp made 
by grinding rice in water, bi-hun, rice flour; vermi- 
celli (v. hiin). bi-chhoe, rice dough ground from wet 
rice (v. chh6e). bi-khng, rice-bran, separated from 
the rice by the mortar, bi-phun, water in which rice 
has been washed (v. phun). bi-phang, a confection 
made from rice, bi-lau, another sort. 

bi-tsun, a large rice junk or ship, bi-tso, a boat 
carrying rice, bi-kau, a wholesale rice store, bi- 
tiam, a retail rice-shop, bi-tui, a large mortar (gen. 
worked by foot) for cleaning rice, bi-lau, a square 
box (with funnel) for cleaning rice, bi-thai, a rice- 
sieve. bi-16, a large flat wicker tray for shaking rice, 
to separate the heavy from the light, bi-loa, a large 
flat tray for holding rice, bi-tau, a rice measure for 
one "t&u." bi-kai, a small stick for smoothing the 
top of the rice in the measure, bi-chhiam, an instru- 
ment for taking samples from bags without opening 
them (v. chhiam). 

niu n -bi, to buy rice; to measure rice, tiah-bi, to 
buy rice, thio-bi, to sell rice, toa-bi, to stir rice 
in water (to separate sand) before boiling, thoah- 
bi, to rub rice between the hands in water so as to make 
it clean. 

iam-bi, salt and rice mixed, for superstitious use (v. 
iam). chha-bi, fire-wood and rice, chha khang, 
bi-niu" chin, wood and food exhausted, chit-iu 11 - 
bi chhi pah-iu n -lang, men having the same food 
vary much in character, chheng-tsiii tsu-peh- 
bi (white rice cooked in clear water), candid, open, and 

bl (R. id.) tsoe-bi-moa n , in vast abundance; very 
great quantity. 

bi [R beautiful, good], bi-biau, excellent, bi- 
jin, a beautiful woman, ui-bi-jin, to paint a female 
figure. bi--jin-chio, sort of red arum, soan bi-lu, 
to choose beautiful girls for imperial harem, kun- 
tsu seng jin-chi-bi, a good man assists others to be 

bi (R. liii). bi-lat, = li-lat, a scrofulous sore on the 

bi (R. id.), taste, odour, flavour, smell. bi-Sff, 
taste, flavour, bo-bi bo-se - , insipid, tsu-bi, taste, 
flavour, khi-bi, odour, flavour; disposition of a man. 
khi-bi siong-te\ dispositions harmonize. 

chhu-bi, agreable; pleasant. 

i-bi, deep meaning, as of a book. 

it-bi, only; wholly, it-bi-beng, bold and nothing 
more, tan-hong tok-bi, medicine that produces 
its effect by itself without mixing other drugs. 






kam-bi, various sorts of eatables used as condiments; 
e.g. dried flesh (but not sweetmeats or cakes), sold at 
sbops like grocers', kan-bi, id. kam-bi-tiam, a 
grocery for such things. hai-bi, fish in general (as 
eatable). san-tin hai-bi, delicacies of land and 

ia-bi, a bad or coarse taste; also (R. ), flesh of wild 
animals, kha-bi, a fine delicate flavour, sin-bi, 
fresh taste or flavour, u-bi, rotten smell, as of some- 
thing corrupting, sng-bi, having a sour smell, tai- 
bi, too strong smelling, though somewhat pleasant. 
chia"-bi, insipid taste, sit-bi, turned by keeping 
too long, as food; tainted, tsoah-bi, slightly tainted; 
just beginning to spoil, u-chiu-bi, to have the smell 
of liquor. 

nger-bi, the five tastes or flavours: pork, mutton, 
beef, fowl, duck; or "kiam sng kktj loah ti n ;" also, a 
medicine, nger-bl-chi, that medicine, sam-chhoan 
nger-bi, very good eating. 

ke-si-lah-bi (taste of an old almanac); said of an 
old affair now out of date, that need not be again raised, 
or of a man coming far too late. 

t)i (Cn. ), a particle used in beginning a sentence, 
prefixed to verbs and adjectives, bl-u, there are, &c. 

bl — chhio-bi-si, to smile, as on hearing some- 
thing, but making no remark (v. chhi6). ho-bi-si, 
easy and good-natured; e.g. letting things pass that are 
not quite rightly made or done, or letting small insults 
pass unnoticed. 

bl (R. id.), a cyclical character; the time from 1 to 
3 p.m.; also [R. not yet], bl-si, 1-3 p.m. sin sut, 
thiu bl; rh toa-soe-bak,iah koai n -ke-hl, a man 
born in one of these hours has either eyes of different 
size or ears of different height. 

bi-pit, I think it is not (v. pit), bi-kien ki-bien 
(R.), I have never seen him. 

bl, to dive; to dabble in mud, as duck with its bill, 
bi-tsiii, do. do. bi tsui-toe; to dive, tiam-bi, id. 
bong-bi, to feel about, as duck's bill in mud. 

bi (R. be), a riddle; a puzzle; to solve or guess a 
riddle, chhai-bi, guesses and riddles, as for children; 
to solve a riddle, ioh-bl, to guess a riddle, as child. 

l>iflll, biat (in the several tones), better; bifin, biet, 
&c. (q.v.) 

biiXU [R. posterity], bia.u-h.oan, the aborigines 
in centre of China; the Miau-tse. 

biiill (R. id.) biau-si (r.), to despise; to slight 
one whom we should respect, biau-siau, very small ; 
to treat with indignity. 

biiill (R. id.) bi-biau, vague; without proof; 
undecided in purpose, neither helping nor opposing. 

biail (R. id. ) bong-bong biau-biau, uncertain ; 
fabulous; misty. 

Mail (R. id.), a second, biau-chiam, the second- 
hand of watch or clock. 

biiill (R. id.), excellent; in good health, bi-biau, 
excellent, bi-biau (R.), abstruse; mysterious. 6- 
biau, mysterious: profound, sin-biau, wonderfully 
excellent and efficacious, as medicine. kek-biau, 
most excellent, biau-i, kind and friendly, as in re- 
ceiving a guest or managing an affair, chiah-ku, 
biau--mah (r. ), have you been well of late 1 u-khiau- 
biau, attractive and interesting to look at (as an article) ; 
very clever; very skilfully made. 

biiill [R. a Confucian or Tauist temple, = col. bio]. 
seng-biau (r.), Confucian temple. ts6-biau, an- 

cestral temple, seng-hong-biau, temple of tutelary 
god of city. 

biCIl [R. to sleep, = col. bin], ba-chhu tong- 
bien (cat and rat sleep together), said of officials be- 
coming accomplices with those whom they should punish 
or keep away, cheng-chhe toat-tien, kien-su ju- 
bien, look on death as a sleep when contending for 
wife or lands. 

blOn [R- bi&n, = lifin, connected], bien-hiong, 
of the same villages; villages combined (v. hiong). 
bien-lok, united under a head-man, as the people of 
some towns (v. 16k). bien-tiong (R.), lasting very 

bicn [R. cotton, =col. ml n ]. bien-iong, a sheep; 
a dressed sheep-skin, bien-iang, id. bien-iu", id. 
ko-tut-bien, a glossy foreign woollen stuff, bok- 
bien, the cotton-tree. 

bi^'ll (R. id.) bien-hi, a sort of fish, good to eat. 
ang-koe ka-lah bien, three very good sorts of fish ; 
said in joke, alluding to "bi6n," no need. 

bi^'Il — bien-ki, birth-day, as kept after death. 

Men (R id.), (C. bodn). hun-bien, to be de- 
livered of a child. 

bil'Il (R. id.), to avoid; to forgive, as a debt; no 
need; you need not; don't, bien — tit, in order to 
avoid — . sia-bien, to forgive, kiu-bien, to ask 
to be excused or forgiven, sia-chioh bien-gien, no 
use asking for credit; no credit given here, i-chioh 
bien-gien, id. m, bien (Cn.), no need of it; no, I 
thank you. 

bi^'Il (R. id.) bien-kiong, to force; to compel. 
bien-le (r.), to incite to zeal; to stir up to good actions. 

bi(^ll (R. id. ) bien-liu, a sort of crown (v. liu). 

biCll [R. the face, = col. bin], in many phrases has 
the idea of prestige, respectability, or influence. 

cheng-bien, character, as having influence or power 
with another. toa--tiob i--e cheng-bien, out of 
consideration for him, as doing a favour on his account 
to a third party, khoa 11 i— e cheng-bien, id. 

liam-bien, prestige ; reputation. phai n -liam- 
bien, condition of having little or no influence, so as 
to be ashamed. 

the-bien, respectability; poweror influence; prestige; 
influential position, ker-the-bien, to take care of 
one's respectability or prestige, sioh-the-bien, id. 
bo-sioh the-bien, careless of one's own good name, 
sit the-bien, to lose prestige, reputation, influence, 
or good name, sia-the-bien, to make our superior 
lose respectability or good name through our miscon- 
duct. the-bien-6e, exaggerated boastful talk about 
one's self or one's connections. 

hong-bien, acting in a liberal manner, as a wealthy 
man does; liberal in gifts or rewards, toa-hong- 
bien, do.; also, having considerable influence or im- 
portance through wealth, rank, power, &c. tai-hong- 
bien, do. do. u-hong-bien, to be thus influential 
or of consequence, sang — khi hong-bien, making 
liberal presents. 

kien-tai-sek-bien, acquainted with men of in- 
fluence or distinction. ki"-tai sek-bien, id. 

it-bien, at the same time, and — , e.g. it-bien 
chiah-phg, it-bien khoa"-chheh, eating and read- 
ing at once, it-bien chi-kau, having met but once 
or seldom; slightly acquainted. 

hoe-bien, to meet face to face, bien-hoe, to 
settle an account or a matter face to face, bien-he, 
id. bien-bien siong-koan, looking at each other 









in speechless astonishment, as unable to ward off some 
danger, hoan-bien bu-cheng, inconstant, as in 
friendship (v. hoan). jin-bien siu-sim, having a 
human face but a brute's heart, boan-bien chhun- 
hong, face looking fat and healthy, as if getting on 
well in the world, thiet-bien bu-su, impartial (with 
an iron face). 

blGt (R. id.), to destroy utterly; to exterminate. 
biet-bo, id. tsau-biet, id. biet-tsoat, id. biet- 
tsok, to exterminate a whole family. tsoan-ke 
biet-bong, may the whole family perish (cursing), 
thi" beh-biet, Heaven will utterly destroy (him or 

biet-si, to destroy (or put out of the way) a corpse to 
avoid inquiry, biet-hai, to put old bones out of the 
way improperly (v. hai). chhat-biet (r.), to blot out, 
as account. 

hill — kun-bih-bih, very near. 

hill, to conceal one's self, tbau-bih, id. bih- 
khi-tiam, to keep out of the way to avoid being seen. 
siam-bih, id. bib-Cheng bih-au, to hide in any 
corner, bih-chhih, to keep out of the way, as afraid 
to see people, liam-kha bih-chhiu, to advance 
secretly so as not to be observed, lun-thau bib-am, 
attitude of looking or listening attentively and secretly. 
bih-u, to hide in a hole, or behind a wall, &c, as in 
order to catch or kill men. 

hill (R. biet), thin slips of bamboo or wood, esp. 
used for wicker-work, bih-ki-a, id. tek-bih, a thin 
slip of bamboo, tek-sau-bih, slip of bamboo from 
broken brush, bih-phe, bamboo slip from outside of 
bamboo (best), bib-kbak, do. from the extreme in- 
side (too soft, useless), bib-nng, do. from middle. 

koa-bib-bib, too hard and fibrous, as vegetables. 

bib-be, wicker-work goods, bih-khi-tiam, shop 
for wicker-work, bib-biu", an incense-stick, having 
a bit of bamboo as its backbone, bih-khe - , a bamboo 
hoop, bib-lam, a large bamboo cable, bih-chhioh, 
bamboo mat. bib-siu n , wicker-work box. bib-pin, 
a stiff bamboo frame hung as screen at door, bib-li, 
bamboo screen that rolls up. bib-na", a wicker basket. 

cbbng-bib, to make bamboo wicker-work, tsoe- 
bih sai-hu, a man who makes baskets and other wicker 
articles of bamboo, phoa-bih sai-bu, man who splits 
bamboos in large quantities for sale, but does not make 
the goods, phoa-bih- -e, id. 

bill [R. pSng, level, = col. pi n , pia n ], (Cn. T.), sloping 
gently, as an inclined plane, or as a road not level but 
not steep, soa" bin-bin, the hill sloping gently, toe 
bin-bin, ground sloping gently, bin-toe, parts of 
the sea-bottom that are nearly level. 

Mil [R. beng, clear, to-morrow], (C. me", bun). 
bin-a-jit, to-morrow, bin-na-jit, id. bin-a-tsai, 

bill [R. bgng, dark = col. &]. bin-bng (T. Cn.), = 
e-hng, the evening; this evening, bin-hoa" (Cn. ), after 
this time, esp. after a short time. bin-toa n (Cn.), id. 

hill (R. ban), (C. bun), bin-thau, = bin-thau, 
soft steamed round cakes, used in worshipping the dead, 
bin-thau-kheh, you are awfully dull and stupid (as 
if you were eating cakes for deceased relatives). th&- 
bin-thau boe-khi-ka" (leaven cannot raise earthen 
cakes), a man so dull that though you teach him ever so 
carefully (literary or manual work) he cannot learn. 
ui si-pe, beh-chiah bin-thau (very desirous to eat 
the cakes, but afraid of father's death), very desirous to 
get money wrongfully, but afraid of the consequences. 

bill [R. bien, to sleep], bin -bin, sleepy; drowsy, 
tsau-bin, worn out by long want of sleep, an-bin, 
good night; a pleasant sleep to you (s. people), koe- 
bin, to talk in sleep (v. koe). ham-bin, to talk or 
walk in sleep; to tell lies (v. ham), bin-bang, to 
dream, toa-bin sio-si, to sleep almost as if dead, 
said of a man not hearing thieves, &c. tham-bin, to 
sleep very sound; hard to waken, tang-bin, deep 
sleep, tang-bin-khun, id. khin-bin, to sleep so 
as to be easily wakened, khun-boe-loh-bin, cannot 
sleep, khun be-kau-bin, not having got enough of 
sleep, khun bo-kau-bin, id. bo-chiok-bin, id. 
khun bo-chiok-bin, id. khun— khi chiok-bin, 
having had sufficient sleep. 

tuh-bin, to dose while sitting, kiau-lang-bin, 
to startle a man out of his sleep (either intentional or 
unintentional). phah-chhi"-bin, unintentionally 
awake a man (v. eh hi"). 

bin-chhng, a bed (v. chhng); (C. bun-chhng), (T. 
also mng-chhng), both only in this phrase. 

bin (R. id.), the people, gi-bin, volunteers or 
militia, bin-tsong, lictors of civil mandarin, liong- 
bin, a good subject, liu-bin, a vagabond (v. lift), 
the-bin, the vulgar; the rabble, bin-hong the- 
siok, manners and customs of a place, bin-pher, a 
distance of ten li, according to the measure common 
among the people; about four miles, bin-ka, the 
households of the people, bin-sim, the affections of 
the people, tek-bin-sim, to gain the hearts of people, 
as mandarin or master. 

an-bin, to quiet the minds of the people (s. sleep). 
kok-thai bin-an, the nation prosperous and the people 
at peace, i — e tsu-bin, his people, looked on as his 
children, su-bin (C. sl-bin), the people in general, 
thien-tsii hoan-tsoe, u su-bin tong, if the em- 
peror sin he is not different from the people, kun- 
bin, sovereign and people, kun-bin jin-teng, sol- 
diers and people. koa n -toan put-ju bin-goan, 
the willing obedience of the people is better than the 
exercise of authority by mandarins. 

bill (R. id.) lin-bin, compassion; pity; to pity. 

bill (R. id), bin-chiet (R.), skilful and energetic. 

bill [R. be destroyed], bin-but (R.), to be made 
away with (v. but). 

bin (R. id), a brush; to brush, bin-d, a small 
brush. 6e-bin, a shoe-brush, khi-bin, a tooth- 
brush, thau-mng-bin, a hair-brush, thau-bin, 
id. bin-6e, to brush shoes. 

bill (R. bien), the face; face, surface, side, or direc- 
tion (esp. proper side) ; countenance ; respectability. 
Classifier of shields, gongs, mirrors, verandahs, &c. 

chiah-toa-bin, so large, said of anything of which 
"bin" is the classifier. 

u-bin, to have a wind that can be used for the course; 
to be able to appear without shame, or to speak to a man 
to advantage, or to take up a matter with good hope of 
success, bo-bin, feeling ashamed to see one or to speak 
to him, because of some awkward, inconvenient, or 
shameful state of matters; having a wind that is of no 
use for our course, bo-bin thang-ki" — tioh i, 
ashamed to go and see him. lak-bin, to lose one's 
character, prestige, or respectability, bin-bak, coun- 
tenance, bo-bin-bak, ashamed to look people in the 
face, toa— tioh i-bin-chiu", in consideration for 
him (e.g. doing a favour to a third party). 

ji-bin, a book phrase, se-bin, influence; suitable 
state or position (v. se). si-bin (C), id. u-kiok- 




bin, now getting on better, as business or lawsuit, 
sai 6e-ke-bin, can be passed, as bad money; can be 
used, as a plan more or less improper. 

gun-bin, silver-plated, kai-bin, to put on a sur- 
face finish, or a new surface, as on furniture or idol, 
&c. khioh-bin, to make a smooth polished surface; 
to take a miniature likeness, thi-bin, to make the 
surface smooth, as of a brass mirror, pho-bin, to put 
the best articles on the top (v. pher). 

thia"-bin, the central hall of a house, chhu-bin, 
the front of a house, toh-bin, the top of a table; pre- 
sents of food made to bridegroom, to-bin, the wrong 
or reversed side of anything, li bin, the inside and 
outside of a dress. sa n -bin, the outside of a dress. 
hiu-bin, the outside of a thick dress. 6e-bin, the 
uppers of shoes, i-bin, the seat of a chair, &c. kia"- 
bin, the face of a mirror. si n -bin, the paper of a fan. 
cbh.iu.-bm, the palm of the hand (v. chhiu). hai- 
bin, the surface of the sea; at sea. th&-bin, the sur- 
face soil. soa"-bin, the surface of the ground, e.g. as 
let for cultivation. 

kbau-bm, at the port or mouth of river; outside. 
tui-bin, opposite; towards, bin-teng, on the top; 
above; upstairs, teng-bin, above. chiu n -bin, id. 
(v. chiu"). e-bin, below, be-bin (C. b<5e-bin), at 
the end; the last, au-bin, behind, si-bin, the four 
sides; all round. bin-chiu n , on the surface, bin- 
cheng, in front of. tang-bin, on the east, hong- 
bin, the direction of the wind, bo-hong-bin, not a 
favourable wind; can't make a fair wind of it. tang- 
pak, tang khah-toa-bin, wind between KE. and 
E. phang-bin, the starboard (right) side of a junk, 
le-bin, the port (left) side of junk. 

phi-bin, having no regard for one's own character 
and respectability; unblushingly doing shameful acts, 
esp. greed or dishonesty, phi-bin, ke kong-gan, 
of unblushing effrontery, e.g. caught in some shameful 
act, and just laughing at it. toa-bin-sin, wanting in 
modesty, as girl, hoan-bin, to change countenance, 
as in anger (v. hoan). pi n -bin, to change counten- 
ance. chhi n -bin, readily taking offence (v. chhi n ). 

tng-bin, face to face, hoe-bin, to meet face to 
face, ban-bin, to pluck hairs out of woman's face. 
ker kau-chit-bin-hun, to smear one's face all over 
with face paint, kau-bin, having a face as ugly as a 
monkey's; a mask like a monkey's face, siau-kui- 
bin, sort of mask; frame of the lock of door or drawer; 
face painted like a demon, ti siau-kui-bin (to wear 
such a mask), said of a man doing something very bad, 
so that he is apprehended or becomes infamous. 

bin-tui n (Cn.), threshold. 

bin-sek, known by face only. 

bin-sek, complexion (v. sek). bin-be (C. bln-M), 
shape of face, bin-be trig, long-faced, bin-be si- 
pang, face square and full; having a sedate look, be- 
bin (C. be-bin), having a long horse-like face, bin- 
b& toa, having a broad face (v. be), bin-kheng, 
shape of the face. bin-mau, countenance, bin- 
iong, id. bin-khang, appearance of countenance (v. 
khang). phaF-bin-chhiu", appearance of face that 
repels or frightens people, bin-te, appearance of face. 
ho-bin-te, a pretty face, bo-bin-te, ugly face 
(scolding). phai n -bin-te, id. bin-phe, skin of face 
(v. phS). 

ng-sng-bin, pallid face, chhau-bin, sour ill- 
natured look; face full of sores. hoai n -bah-bin, ugly 
distorted face, as of thief or rowdy, bin-bah siau- 
san, face very lean. 

bin-p&, a small cloth used for washing the face. 
bin-kun, do. bin-thang, a bason (v. thang), gen. 
wooden, bin-phun, do. metal or stoneware, bin- 
to, a razor for the face. 

thau-bin-teng-lang, man of very good position. 
thau-bin, head and face, kham-thau kham- 
bin, behaving in a foolish reckless way. gong-thau 
gong-bin, foolish or stupid. chiu n -thau chiu n - 
bin, shameless and impudent (v. chiu n ). gu-thau 
be-bin, two images in the Gak temple, having heads 
of cow and horse, iu-thau kho-bin, sad counten- 
ance, kau-thau chhu-bin, very ugly (like monkey 
and rat), chhau-thau chhau-bin, sour and ill- 
natured, chhut-thau lo-bin, to appear openly in 
public (as woman), at yamuns or at plays, koe-thau 
oa n -bin, to make an old thing new (v. k6e). 

bill [R. bien, meal, = col. mi"], bin-pau, bread; 
a loaf. 

bill (R. ban), bin-thau, round cakes used in 
worship of the dead; better "bin," q.v. 

bill — bin-thang (esp. C. ), =bun-thang, intes- 
tinal worms. 

bid (R. biau), to trace a copy on transparent or thin 
paper, bio ji-keh, to trace copy-lines, as scholars. 

biO, tapering and lightly made, as bow of boat or 
bamboo-pole, bio-chhio, id. 

bid (Cn.), = A. be-, to plan. 

biO (Cn.), = A. be-(R.), mother—. 

bid (Cn.), = A. ber, Mr. So-and-so, &c. 

biO (Cn.), = A. ber. bi'6-tan, the tree peony, &c. 

biO (Cn.), = A. ber, a Chinese acre. 

bio (R. biau), a temple of the dead (Confucian or 
Tauist). keng-bio, temples in general, am-bio, id. 
tso-bio, ancestral temple, bun-bio, temple of Con- 
fucius, bu-bio, official temple of Kwanti. tiong- 
liet-bio, temple to distinguished mandarins who met 
their death in the service of the state. 

biO (Cn.), (R.), = A. b&, to trade. 

bid (Cn.), = A. b& (R.), luxuriant. 

bit [R. secret, quiet, close, =col. bat, ba]. chhin- 
bit, closely united, as friends, jin-ien tiu-bit, popu- 
lation numerous, jin-ien chiu-bit, id. chiu-bit, 
well arranged so as to leave no flaw; careful, as not to 
leave a flaw, or not to let out a secret, pi-bit (R. ), 
secret, ki-bit, kept secret, as affair ; managing a 
matter carefully, so as to keep secrets, tsok-su put- 
bit, to manage carelessly, so as to let out a secret, ki- 
su put-bit, chek hai-seng (R.), a secret coming 
out may make the matter impracticable. 

bit-jit, phrase which stands in the Chinese (heathen) 
almanacs of Amoy and Chin-chew on every day that is 
our Sunday; said to have come down from ancient times. 

bit (R. id.), honey, phang-bit, id. bit-phang, 
a bee. bit-p&, honey-comb, bit-pang, id. bit- 
ang, a honey-jar, &c. (v. ang). bit-tsui, honey 
syrup. ti n -bit-bit, very sweet, bit-fig, bright light 
yellow, peh-bit chhiu-m, white arbutus (myrica). 
bit-iu, a very sweet sort of pumelo. bit-chien, fruits 
preserved in sugar, to be presented to idols, bit-kam, 
candied oranges. kam-a-bit, a substance chewed 
with areca and siri. tsoh-bit, to make honey, pang- 
bit (v.), id. 

bit-to-cheng, litharge. 

pho-16-bit, the jack-fruit; this last word is some- 
times written with bit, "secret." 

bit (C), = A. lit. bit-a-soh, the halyard rope. 



% % 




bit (R. id.) bit-po, a bat (the animal). 

bill (R. id.) chha-biu (R.), a mistake; a fault. 
chha chi ho-li, biu i chhien-li (R.), an error of 
a hairs-breadth causes a difference of a thousand li. 
pde-biu, to offend, as against doctrine. 

bO (R. bu), there is not; there are not; not to have; 
no; not; denying existence or possession (but denial of 
will is "m," and denial of correctness or identity is 
"ni-sl"). Often enclitic, in asking a question, e.g. 
u-lang-lai — bo, has any one come? Often repeated in 
a divided phrase, though it makes no sense with one of 
the halves. Often at beginning of an answer has almost 
no meaning, suggesting surprise at being asked. 

u-bo, to have or not to have, &c. (v. u). goa-bo, 
I have not. ia-bo, no more; all done; and no more; 
is that all? iah-bo, id. iau-bo, id. eng-bo, never, 
long-bo, not at all; not one; by no means, tsong- 
bo, though antecedently improbable, yet one is shut up 
to believe that — (v. ts6ng). 

ke-bo, to pretend not to have, the-bo, falsely deny 
having, boe-bo, it cannot but be (there or here, &c. ); 
certainly it is not lost, &c. boe-bo, to fail in selling, 
because a high enough price is not offered, boe-bo, to 
fail in buying, because there is none of the article, or it 
is too dear, tiah-bo-bi, there is no rice to be got in 
the place, thak-bo-chheh, to study, but make no 
progress, hu-bo-tsun, to be too late for the boat. 
phah-bo-miig, to knock at the door, but get no 

biet-bo, to destroy utterly, si bo-lang, to die 
off till no one is left, bo — kbi, to vanish; to be lost; 
to perish, or waste away and disappear, bo-16 — kbi, 
id. phah-bo, to let a thing be lost or spoiled in our 
hands. 16ng-b6--lah, it is all gone; none of it 

bak-te-bo, to despise (v. te). bo-peng-iu, has no 
friends; does not associate with friends as a friend ought. 
bo-pe bo-bu, an orphan; also (scolding), surely you 
have no parents to keep you in order. bo-poa n -lang, 
not a single person. bo-hoat--i, no resource (v. boat), j 
bo-ta-oa, id. (v. oa). bo-lau bo-tsiii, not a good i 
tide; slack water; not a suitable tide for the purpose. 

bo-beh, will not. bo-kau, insufficient (v. kau), 
bo-ng, family dead or gone wrong; no hope of a man's 
return, or reform, or good fortune. bo-sia n -su, no 
trouble; no reason, bo-ia", untrue; not a shadow of 

b6 (C.) bo-ku, = A. bii-ku, mother's brother. 

bO (R. id.), a hat; a cap not broad-brimmed (that is 
"16eh"). ang-ia"-bo, red tasselled cap of mandarin's 
attendants; a mandarin's attendant, e-ang-bo, the 
four lictors of a mandarin, two with red, and two with 
black caps, toa-bo, a ceremonial cap. sio-bo, an 
unceremonial cap, specially when a mandarin puts off 
his ceremonial cap, and puts on an unceremonial one. 
oa"-bo, a skull-cap. cbbiu-bo, a light cap worn in 
autumn. se-oa"-bo, a light summer cap. se-bo, a 
cap of the Ming dynasty with two long ears, seng-bo, 
a cap worn in plays, seh-bo, a winter cap worn by 
children, sin-bo, cap worn by young children (v. sin). 
ho-bo, cap worn by children, made like a tiger's head. 
ber-bo, a rain-cap, of oiled cloth or paper, with flap for 
back, hong-bo, a hood worn by men. nhg-bo, 
quilted cap, used in winter, mfig-bo, sort of fur cap, 
for mandarins and wealthy men. teng-bo, a cap with 
an official button, tiau-bo, a court-cap. koa"-bo, 
a mandarin's warm cap, with button, joah-bo, man- 

darin's summer-cap, with button. chhi"-bo, a blue 
cap, half mourning. se"-bo, a cap of plain black cotton 
with no red. hap-chiong-bo, cap with a ridge in 
centre, worn by Bud. priests, also by children to keep 
off demons. he-siu"-bo, id. kun-ki-bo, a cap 
sometimes worn by mil. officers, khoe-chheng-bo, 
sort of close-fitting cap for soldiers. 

ti-bo, to wear a cap or hat. ai-ti koai"-bo, fond 
of praise and flattery; vain and conceited, ai-ti toa- 
bo, id. ai-ti toa-teng se-bo, id. chhong-chit- 
teng toa-bo ho-i-ti, to make him by flattery to 
take the lead, as in an expensive subscription or trou- 
blesome matter, so that he may have to bear the expense 
or responsibility, chhong-chit-teng toa-teng- 
se-bo ho-i-ti, id. 

bo-the, the inner frame of a cap (made first) made 
of stilt' paper or thin bamboo, bo-khe, a skull-cap 
without the crown, specially worn by boys, bo-a-kho, 
id. bo-ia", tassel of cap. bo-a-toa, string for tying 
on a cap, esp. child's cap. bo-koa", string for keeping 
on a hat or cap. bo-a-ke, frame for hanging a cap. 
bo-ab, a hat-box. 

bO (R. id.), a millstone; a mill (only for grinding); 
to grind, bo -a, a millstone, toa-chioh-bo, a large 
millstone, chit-tun-bo, a pair of millstones, bo- 
pang, a mill (building), bo-keng, id. gu-bo, a 
mill worked by a cow. tsui-bo, a water-mill, sai 
tsui-bo, to work a water-mill, oe-bo, to turn a mill, 
as by hand. 

bo-kau, the hook by which a millstone is turned. 
bo-a-chhiu, the projection on the upper millstone, 
having the hole for that hook, bo-sim, the metal 
centre on which the millstone turns, boh — tit liah- 
goa tsoe bo-a-sim, do not set me to be used and 
abused by both parties in the dispute. 

bo-hun, to grind flour, bo-chhoe, to grind rice 
and water into wet dough. 

ber (Cn. ), = A. bong, to touch. 

bO (R. bifin). phak-bo, the 40th radical, written 
at top. 

bd" (R id.), (Cn. bio), to plan; to plot. ke-b&, id. ; 
a plot or plan, to-be, to plot (v. ttr). am-bo, to 
conspire secretly. eng-b& siet-ke, to plot deceit- 
fully, tong-bo, to plan or plot together (gen. bad). 
thong-bo, to conspire or plot together, thong-bo 
tso-ke, id. thd-bo, secretly conspire to mislead or 
injure some one. 

ker-bo, to start a joint trade or business. 

chham-bo, an officer on general's staff, who assists 
in planning battles, &c. 

bo-su, to make a plan in any matter, bo-su tsai- 
jin: seng-su tsai-thien, man proposes, but Heaven 
disposes. b&-hoan, to make a rebellion. b&-tsai 
hai-beng, to seek wealth at the expense of another's 
life, bo-ia", to plan a surprise (by night) on a camp. 
iii-iong bu-bo, boastful and overbearing, but without 
wisdom or skill. 

1>0 (R. hong), (C. b6ng), mist; thick haze, tau- 
bo, mist or thick haze, as on the sea. ta-bo, id. 
kau-bo, thick haze, kauh-bo, id. 

bd" (R. id., = col. mui", boe). ha-bo, dried toads 
for medicine. 

bo (R- id.), a mould; the swelling made by a blow 
or an insect's bite; a mass or lump, as of clay or dough. 

bo-iu", a pattern; a model (v. iu"). phe-bo, a 
pattern, tho-kat-be, a mould for making sun-dried 
bricks; also used for pressing tobacco, bin-bo, gene- 









ral shape of face, bin-be toa, having a large broad 
face. phab-cbbiu-be>, to make the impression of 
one's hand (with ink) on a deed of sale, esp. selling a 
wife, pang-kok kui-bef (R.), the rules and laws of 
a kingdom (v. kui, a rule). 

kui-be\ to become one mass, as dough or clotted 
blood, &c. ; a whole mass of such things, ka-niig- 
he, a whole mass of such sort, jiok tsoe-cbit-ber, 
to work up into a lump, as clay or dough. 

b©* (R. id.), (Cn. bid), such a man or thing; Mr. 
So-and-so. be"-be", such-and-such surname and name, 
be-lang, Mr. So-and-so ; what you call him ; often 
said when for some reason it is undesirable to mention 
his name, b6-mib-lang, id. ber-sia"-lang, id. 
be-sim-mib-lang, id. ber-jit, on such a day. be - - 
si, such-and-such an hour or time, ber-mib n , such a 
thing (not naming it). 

1)0" — oat-ber, the 28th radical; this word is often 
written as a contracted form of "bar," so-and-so. 

bo* [R. hu, a woman], a wife; observe that in Chang- 
poo the sound of "bu,'' mother, comes very near this 

ang-be - , husband and wife (v. ang). au-be\ wife 
married after death of first wife, cbboa-ber, to marry 
a wife, kbit-be, to buy a wife. tsoe-be - , to get a 
bride betrothed for one's self (v. ts6e) ber-kia", wife 
and children, l&-tbau-ber, woman who cohabits with 
a man without marriage, ber-tbau-cbbin, wife's re- 
lations, ber-kim. wife of wife's brother, ui-ber, tai- 
tiong-bu; pbab-be - , ti kau gu; he who fears his 
wife is a bold fellow indeed; but he who beats her is a 
pig, dog, or cow; the last clause is also given "chin si- 
gu," is really a cow. 

be-kat, a loosely tied knot, tsa-be-kat, id. 

tsa-b^f, a woman; (somewhat a vulgar or at least not 
polite phrase) ; this name is sometimes given to a male 
child to deceive the demons. tsa-be--e, name often 
given by a mother to a young daughter, tsa-be- 
lang, a woman, tsa-ber gin-na, a girl, sia tsa- 
be"-gin-na-ji, to write a document for the sale of a 
girl, as slave or concubine; only done by low fellows who 
keep stalls in the streets, tsa-ber-kan, a female slave; 
a concubine, tsa-be-sun, a granddaughter; a prosti- 
tute, tsa-be-sun-keng, a brothel, tsa-ber-keng, 
id. tbo-tsa-ber, to go after lewd women, cbbi-tsa- 
ber, to keep a concubine. 

be' [R. mother, = col. bu], (Cn. bi6). bu-be\ father 
and mother, tong-ber i-bu, having the same mother, 
but different fathers. 

ti-ber, = ti-bii, a cooling medicine, poe-be - , =p6e- 
bu, a medicine. 

1)0* [R. male], (Cn. bi6). be--tan-boe, the tree 
peony, ber-le, a medicine (v. le). 

bO" (R. id.), (Cn. bid), a Chinese acre; a mow; it is 
less than one-sixth part of an English acre, cbban- 
be% fields in general. 

be*" (R. id.) kang-be% = kang-bu, a tree from 
which potash is made, also good for soles or heels of 
shoes, kang-be-cbba, its wood. 

bO" (R. id.), a cyclical character. 

bfi" (R. id.) cbio-be\ to enlist soldiers. 

bO" (Cn. ), = A. bong, a grave. 

bO" (Cn. boah), to smooth the point of a Chinese pen 
after it has been dipped in the ink, removing the super- 
fluous ink. bff-pit, id. 

bo" (R. id.) bim-be - , to desire greatly; to long 

after, loan-ber (R,), id. be-beng, to try to get ac- 
quainted with an influential man (v. btag). 

btf (R. id.) be-ek (R.), to buy and sell. 

I)<F [R. he-, time, =col. p&, hau]. tsa-be'-jit, yes- 
terday. tsa-be 1 e-bng, yesterday evening, tsa-bff 
(C. ), formerly ; a long time ago. 

!>©" [R. a curtain], ber-pin (R.), = su-ia, a private 
secretary of a mandarin. 

b©' (R. id.), (Cn. bio), be-seng (R.), luxuriant, as 
the abundant vegetation of many trees, siu-bff, elegant, 
luxuriant, and beautiful, as a plant; beautifully formed 
and free from rough features, as a smooth conical hill; 
also (R.), elegant, polite, and of graceful form, as a gen- 

bO (T.), = A. be\ soft cooked rice. 

bS (T. ), = A. boe. cbiau-bo, a decoy-bird. 

b8 (T. ), = A. mui". koa n -bo, a sort of female jailer 
for women. 

bO' (T. Cn.), = A. b<5, end; tail. 

b6 (T. Cn.), = A. be, not yet. 

bo (T.), = A. be, younger sister. 

bOil (R. mo or m&), to grind; to rub down, as ink; 
to polish smooth, boa-kim, to polish smooth, boa- 
bak, to rub down ink. boa-to, to sharpen a knife. 
boa-kia n , to polish a mirror, boa-cbiob, a whet- 

boA, to toil; to labour hard, boa-lat, laborious. 
boa lang-e-lat, to make men toil hard, boa kau- 
si, to toil all one's life, boa kau-beh-si, to toil very 
very hard, tioh-boa, to toil hard, siu-boa, id. 
siu-boa-tboah, to have passed through many hard 
experiences (v. thoah). thoa-boa, to toil very hard; 
to be ill, long and painful, khang-boa, to labour 
and get no pay or thanks, ui-boa, unwilling to exert 
one's self, boa-cbbui boa-cbih, to talk a great deal 
with no result, or not much, boa-sim-boa-koa", to 
exert one's self very much. thoa-sim-boa-mia n , to 
exert one's self very very much. 

boa (Cn. T.), = A. moa n , hemp. 

boa — boa-bui (P.), =(C.) ba-bui, a fruit used 
as soap. 

boah — it-ji-boah, all laid along quite level, as 
books on a table. 

boall (R. boat), to besmear; to anoint; to plaster (as 
wall), boab-iu, to anoint, boah-bun, to smear 
with powder (as face). boab-ke\ to spread paste (in 
pasting), boab-be, to plaster with lime, boab- 
piab, to plaster a (partition) wall, boab-pit (Cn.), 
= A. b&-pit, to smooth the point of a pen before 

boall — iu-boab-boab, very smooth, as the 
skin of a young person or of a melon; in fine powder. 

boall [R. boat, end], articles powdered or broken 
down small, iu-boab-boab, finely powdered, biu"- 
boab, powdered incense, te-boab, broken down tea 
leaves, cheaper than the whole leaves, te-kbe-boab, 
broken down refuse from the manufacture of camellia 
oil (used in washing). iu-kbe"-boab, id. geng- 
boab, to grind to powder, sio-bu geng-boab, to 
calcine and grind to powder, liab lai sio-bu geng- 
boab, seize him, and deal with him severely, violently, 
or cruelly (sometimes said of a tremendous scolding). 

boall — boab--ke-kbi, to brush lightly over 
(as with one's sleeve) without hurting. 

boall (cf. ba). boab-biob, the hawk. 










boail, to seize with claws, as a hawk; to seduce (as 
by fair speeches) into evil, danger, or calamity. 

bOilll (C. bah), boab-a, the crocodile (or alli- 
gator), boab-a-kbi, crocodiles' teeth, used as orna- 

boilll — . su-li-boab, Souribaya. 

l)Oilll (perhaps different characters), ka-boab- 
cbbai, a vegetable (lettuce]), ka-boab-cbbai, id. 
kau-boab-cbbai, id. kau-boab-bong (C. ), a 
medicinal plant (v. h6ng). boab-tin (C), a shrub 
with white flowers that grows by water-courses. 

boail [R. late, = col. mrig]. boan-poe, polite 
phrase for "I," when speaking to a teacher or an old 
man. boan-seng, id. especially said to a mandarin, 
boan-seng-tsai", said in scolding a man for assum- 
ing airs or authority above his position, boan-cbban 
(X), the Communion. 

boail (C), = A. bien. bun-boan, to be delivered 
of a child. 

boail [R. full; Manchu = col. mod"], oan-boan, 
finished, completed, as work or time fixed; fully paid, 
as money, tsoe-ok koan-boan, measure of guilt full. 
boan-kber eng-seng, mouth full of fair promises. 
boan-bien cbbun-bong, full ruddy face, boan- 
tsai, full cargo, boan-tsai eng-kui, to return pros- 
perously with full cargo; said also of an emigrant coming 
home rich. 

boan-tbien-kong, a hanging lamp with several 
wicks, boan-tong-bong, hanging chandelier with 
many lamps. 

boan-cbiu, Manchuria, boan-lang, a Manchu. 
boan-a, id. boan-peng, Manchu soldiers, boan- 
a-6e, shoes for large-footed woman, with narrow sole 
and up-turned point, boan-ban, Manchu and Chinese, 
boan-ban-tob, a feast of mixed Manchu and Chinese 
style, boan-ban-sek, id. boan-ban-kab, a vest 
edged with black velvet, and having many foreign 

boa Jl [R. kodn, to roll up = col. kiig]. boan- 
cbien-ke, a sort of long cake folded, twisted, and fried, 
boan-cbien-ko, id. 

boat [R. end], bi-boat, small and unimportant, 
as trade, gains, or wages, li-boat, id. boat-be, in 
a decayed degenerate state, about to perish and come to 
ruin, as family, boat-kiap, Buddhist phrase for the 
(future) last age of the world, boat-jit (X), the last 

boC = bi, to dodge about; to go along slyly, or peep 
secretly, as a spy or thief, or any one wishing to avoid 
observation, tbau-boe, id. boe-lai boe-kbi, id. 
toa-teb-boe, id. boe--jip-lai, to come in slyly or 
secretly. boe--cbbut-kbi, to go out slyly. 

b6e [R. bi, soft-boiled rice, = col. be], tsii kau 
boe-boe ( = mui n ), to cook very soft, as meat or rice, &c. 

b6e [R mui n ? boe?]. boe-lang (C. ), = A. hrh-lang, 
sort of go-between for marriages. koa"-boe (esp. T. ), 
= koa"-mui n , a sort of female jailer. 

b6e (T. b'S), a decoy, as in a trap, cbiau-boe, a 
decoy bird, cbiau-a-boe, id. kiau-boe, a man 
employed to entice men to gambling, cbbat-boe, a 
spy used by thieves for spying out things to be stolen, 
or for enticing a man into their gang, kbeb-boe, the 
passenger who first takes his seat in a small boat, and 
so leads others to take passage in it rather than in the 
other boats which are empty; he gets his passage rather 

b6e (T. C), = A. mui", name of a flower, boe-boa 
(C.), = A. mui n -hoe. 

b6e (R. be), (T. mui"). am-boe, a young frog; 
some say "tadpole." 

boe — 6e-boe (T.), = A. 6e-phdn, the loops at the 
side of a woman's shoe for pulling it on. 

bde (R. mdi), (C. be), to buy. cbbai-boe, to select 
and buy, as goods, boe kui-bang, to buy wholesale. 
boe-m-tat, to buy too dear, boe-bo, to fail in buy- 
ing, as because it is too dear, or none of it in market, 
tbam-sia kui-boe, buying on credit is expensive, 
boe-tng, to buy for ever, without right of redemption. 
boe cbin-kun, id. 

boe-pan, a steward in a vessel, or a servant who 
buys provisions (v. pan), boe-cbbai, to buy provisions. 
boe-kbeb, a customer. 

boe-te-cbi n , a small reward or cumshaw. boe- 
te, to buy tea. be-li boe-te, take that small reward. 
ber-li boe-bun, do. (tobacco), be-li boe-cbiu, id. 

boe-l§-cbi n , black-mail levied on a road by power- 
ful villages, boe-bo, to use means to get a judge, 
arbiter, or influential man to take our side, e.g. to get 
one of the owners of a property to use his influence (esp. 
in an underhand way) to let us have it cheap, boe- 
soa n , to give money so as to find out stolen articles, or 
the thief, &c. (v. sod"), boe-mia", to buy long life 
by burning idolatrous paper; to ransom a capital 
criminal (1). 

boe-boe, to buy and sell ; to trade, boe-boe- 
cbbui, fast and loose tongue, as of trader; said of two 
bowls overlapping when laid mouth to mouth; said of 
folding-doors laid to, but not closely shut, the one leaf 
slightly overlapping the other, boe -boe cbbat, 
traders are thieves, boe-boe siig-bun; sa n -cbbia n 
bo-lun, in trade people count to a fraction; in treat- 
ment of guests, don't count how much, beng-boe 
beng-boe, to buy and sell openly and fairly, boe — 
cbia put-beng, boe--cbia ti-tng, if the buyer 
was not fully informed, the seller is responsible. 

1)06 (C. ), = A. b6, end. cbiob-boe, a town near 
Chioh-biS; so pronounced also in A., to avoid confusion 
with Chi6h-be\ 

b6e (C), = A. be. boe-iab, a butterfly. 

boe (C), = A. be\ boe-cbi, a sort of root. 

boe (T. ), to add an extra rope or cord to strengthen 
one that is not strong enough, so as to serve instead of 
a thicker rope, ke-cbit-tiau lai-boe, id. 

bOe(C), =A. be, not yet. 

bOe (R. mai), (C. be), to sell; to betray, boe- 
boe, to buy and sell; to trade (v. b6e). pien-boe, to 
sell, boe-tng (C. be-tui n ), to sell without right of 
redemption, boe-cbin, id. boe cbin-kun, id 
boe-bo, to fail to sell, as from asking too much (s. 

boe-lang, to sell men, as slaves or coolies (commonly 
said of the coolie emigration), boe— lang, to sell to 
people, boe-sin, to sell one's self. 

boe-cbi n , to sell for copper cash, boe-bien, to sell 
for ready money, boe-bien-gfin, do. paid in silver. 
boe-gun, to sell for silver, gu boe-gun, to sell a 
cow for silver. 

boe-peng, to sell the position of a soldier, boe- 
koa n , to sell official rank or place, boe-kong, to sell 
the rank of "k6ng-seng." 

boe kui-bang, to sell wholesale, lan-san-boe, 
to sell by retail or picce-mcal. cbbui-cbbui-boe, id. 









ho-boe. saleable, hoat-boe, for sale. phai n -bang 
chhut-boe (a nightmare for sale), written after an ill- 
omened dream, boe-bab-chi", wages of a "tang-chi," 
or of a man who sells himself to personate another, and 
be beaten by mandarins. 

boe cbit-tiau-ler, to throw away a good position or 
acquaintanceship for some improper gain or indulgence; 
e.g. by stealing from a kind patron, so that one dares 
not go back to him. 

bOe (C. be), unable; cannot; am not; is not (in some 
phrases); no, in answer to questions asked by "oe." 
boe-6e, unable; cannot. 6e-bde, able or unable; can 
you, or can you not? can it be so? 

boe-koa", I am not cold, boe-ia, I am not tired. 
boe-iau, I am not hungry, boe-joah, the weather 
is not hot. bde-hiau--tit, I do not understand; not 
to understand. 

boe-tit, cannot — . boe-tit--thang, id. — . boe- 
shg--tit, cannot be numbered. boe-ki--tit, to for- 
get. boe-tsoe--tit, it won't do. boe-sai--tit, id. ; 
this last phrase must not be said in Cn. 

heng-boe-khi, unable to pay. hong-boe-khi, 
cannot manage to make the copy like, kong-boe- 
chhut, unable to speak it out. kong-boe-lai, unable 
to persuade or to accomplish by talking. 6h-boe-lai, 
unable to learn though making the attempt. 6b- 
boe, id. 

boe-e-lang, a man of no ability, boe-bo, it can- 
not but be there, &c. ; it cannot be gone (s. sell). 

bOeh (C), = A. beh, to wish; will. 

boeh (C), = A. beh or mih, what? in some special 
phrases, boeh-ni", what are you about? what do you 
want ? 

b6ell (C), = A. beh, stockings. 

boh, said in An-khoe and Lam-oa n (some parts), 
= A. beh, to wish; will. 

b6h (R. bok). bob -tit, do not! boh-tit, 
khah-ho, it is better not to do it, or not to meddle 
with him. bob, kbab-bo, id. kah-i-boh, if he 
will have it so, let him please himself (I will not meddle; 
let him do it if he pleases, we don't care, and are not 
afraid of him), boh-kioh (following such a word as 
"lie'n" or "siong-chhia" " in the previous clause), how 
then can — , e.g. liSn i-6-kia", to m-ka"; b6h-kioh li-ka", 
even his own son dares not do it, how then could you dare ! 

boll (Cn.), = A. beh, to wish, will. 

bb*h (Cn.), = A. beh, stockings. 

b6k [R. the eye, = col. bak]. ni n -bok, ears and 
eyes, iam-jin ni n -bok, to delude people with false 
appearances while acting wickedly, chiau-iau nf- 
bok, to attract thieves, as a show of wealth (v. iau). 

bin-bok chhiu-lok, a cloth put over the face and 
mits on the hands of a corpse. 

bok-liok, a list of contents. 

bok-tong, blind, said in scolding (s. tend), siau- 
chiet-bok, unimportant, as a few cash or a small affair. 

bok-lien, one of the eighteen Lohan, who delivered 
his mother from suffering in the other world. 

beng-bok, credentials, as of a small official, bo- 
beng-bok, not clear, as a document or an affair about 
which there is not clear evidence. cbbeng-sim 
beng-bok, heart comfortable and eyes clear, as after 
drinking good tea. 

it-bok, having only one eye; blind of one eye. it- 
bok liau-jien, to perceive at one glance, it-bok, 
koan thien-siong, the one-eyed man became a great 
astronomer (said in joke of a man blind of one eye). 

l)6k — bok-bu tsun-tiong, contemptuous to- 
wards persons in authority or superiors. 

b6k — jiok-bok, to insult; to treat with con- 
tempt; to abuse, as a person. 

bok [R. do not, = col. bdh]. bok-koai ki-jien, 
don't be offended because of that; it is quite natural; 
there is no cause of offence in it. iu-le\ bok teng- 
cbiu, if there be a road, don't enter a boat. 

l>6k ( = bong, bak). am-bok-bok, very dark, as 
night or room. 

b6k [R. to tend, as cattle], bok-tong, a shepherd 
boy (s. eye), bok-su (X.), a pastor, minister, or mis- 
sionary, bok-cbia (R.), one who tends or feeds (lit. 
or fig. ) 

bok [R. to bathe by throwing water over one's self]. 
tsai-kai bok-iok, to fast and cleanse one's self cere- 
monially (v. tsai). bok-ek-teng, a paper figure of a 
bath-room, used in worshipping the recently deceased. 

b6k (R. id.) ban-li sa-bok, the great desert of 
Shamo or Gobi. 

b6k [R. wood, = col. bak]. bok-pun, having a 
woody or shrubby stem, as a plant; said also of a thing 
having an origin, bok-pun sui-goan, a tree has its 
root, water has its spring (v. goan, a fountain-head). 

bok-a, a small coffin, as for a child, si-sia koan- 
bok, to give away coffins gratuitously (v. sia). bok- 
tsu, ancestral tablets, bok-cbi (C), id. bok-kun, 
a club, bok-gu, a wooden drum shaped like a fish. 
bok-bi (C), id. bok-sia", a temporary fort made 
for a review. 

bok-seng, large -boned and awkward -looking in 
shape (as a man), bok-ebbi" (R.), the star Jupiter. 

ebbo-bok, plants of all sorts; herbs and trees, 
ebbo-bok-sin, an idol not regularly canonized, but 
which has recently become popular; an upstart, not 
likely to be permanent. 

bok-koa, the quince, bok -pit, a flower like 
amaryllis (v. pit). bok-ni n , a fungus that grows on 
trees (v. ni n ). bok-pib-tbiong, an insect used me- 

bong (R. be-), (Cn. ber), to touch; to feel (actively); 
to feel about; to feel for; to catch, as shell-fish, by feel- 
ing in the sand; to handle; to set to work; to procrasti- 
nate; to put one's hand to this and that, making an ap- 
pearance of diligence. 

bong-bai, to try by touching. bong-kboa n , id. 
bong-jiau, to crumple by touching. 

ebbun-ebbiu, bong sim-koa" (touch your heart 
with your hand); let your own conscience speak. 

gau-bong, always procrastinating, put-si teb- 
bong, doing work by small bits at a time. 

bong sim-mib n hang-tang, what is your busi- 
ness or trade? tioh-khi-bong, you should set to 
work and not be idle, bong-tang bong-sai, always 
at work at various things, so as to have no leisure, u- 
su tbang-bong; bo-cbi n tbang-tban, unprofit- 
able affair. 

bong-so-ti n , to touch in a lascivious or indelicate 
manner, as man touching a woman, bong-leng, to 
touch a woman's breast (counted a pledge of illicit in- 
tercourse), loan-tsu-bong, to grope about; to touch 
the person improper^. 

bong-bo-tsang, to seek in vain for a clue, bong- 
b6-le\ unable to find the road; unable to find any way 
of doing it. bong-boe-lai, tried and found it could 
not be done, bong boe-tit-lai, id. bai-toe bong- 
chiam, to feel for a needle at the bottom of the sea. 






4 A 



bong chhan-le, to catch field-snails with the hand, 
for food. 

am-bong-sa, to grope, er-am-bong, id. 

am-bong-bong, very dark; thick weather. 

bOIlg (cf. b6ng). tsui-bong-bong, dead-drunk. 

boilg — toa-bong, flower making a large head, 
said of the cockscomb. 

boilg (R. hong), peng-jip-ko-bong, disease 

bdllg [K. to receive], bong-ke-, Mongol, Mon- 

boilg (R. id.) bong-sek, a medicine. 

bdllg (R. id.) bong-cheng, the term that falls 
about June 6th or 7th (v. ch^ng). 

boilg [R. to perish], bong — lang, a dead man. 
sin-bong, a man newly dead, ku-bong, a man long 
dead tin-bong, to die in the ranks, tsoan-ke 
biet-bong, all the household dead; often said as a 
curse, siau-lien-bong, may you die young! said 
also of an unlucky grave. 

bong-hun, the soul of a corpse, khan-bong, to 
bring up the spirits of the dead by incantations, li 
teh-khan-bong, you are telling a great lie, esp. said 
to women or children. 

boilg — bong-bong, very dim, as eyes, bong- 
bu, id. (s. mist). 

bdllg-— am - bong - bong (C), = A. iun-bong 
bong, very dark. 

bdllg (C), =A. b&, thick mist. 

bong-bu (A.), misty. 

chhiu n -bong (C), thick mist coming on. hai 
bong-bong (C), =A. hai bang-bfmg, dim misty ap- 
pearance of sea, as at horizon, chhun-bong phak- 
si kui; he-bong tso-toa-tsiii (C), a mist in spring 
dries up even the ghosts; a mist in summer causes great 

bdllg (R. id.) bong -bong, obscure, as sky. 
bong-bong biau-biau, uncertain; fabulous; ob- 

boilg [R. quick]. hong -hong bong -bong, 
carelessly; hurriedly. 

siong-ha-bong, the two stated yearly payments of 
house-tax or land-tax. siong-bong, the first of them, 
ha-bong, the second of them. 

bong-bong (C. ), = A. bang-bang, perplexed. 

boilg [R. long, sort of insect], tong-bong (Cn.), 
= chhau-kau, an insect like a large grasshopper. 

bOng — tsui-bong-bong, dead-drunk. 

bdng [R. to forget], bong-un poe-gi, ungrate- 
ful, liam-liam put-bong (r.), to remember and not 
forget, kam-un put-bong, gratefully remembering 

l)6llg (R. id.), tolerable; not very good; not very 
well; just will do; so-so; never mind. 

sui-bong, although. 

le-bong, hurried, reckless, or careless in action; 
rude in manner, bong-tong, id. bong-tong- 
tong, id. bong-chhong (C), id. 

bong-khi, tolerable; not very good, but may do. 
bong-bong, id. tioh-bong, may let it pass; let it 
do. bong-kia n , barely willing to go, but without, 
much heart, bong kia n -kia", merely taking a walk 
or stroll, bong-kong, to talk at random; chit-chat; 
sometimes slight jesting, half-joke half-earnest; well 
now, just speak, bong-chiah, never mind, just eat 
it. bong-ke, can just get on; so-so; barely getting 

on. bong-oe bong-ke, id. bong-thoah bong-ke, 

just getting on, though with difficulty (v. thoah). 

bong-chhia", just let — , please just — . bong- 
chhia" -che, please sit a little longer, ho-sim 
bong-bong, you benevolent man, just please give me 
anything you like (said by beggars). 

bong (R. id.) khoah bong-bong, very vast. 

bdllg (C), = A. bu; only in the phrase, toa- 
bong, = A. toa-bu, large, abundant, e.g. bak-chiu 
te" toa-bong-lui, to stare angrily, toa-bong si- 
keng-ke, everywhere. 

bdllg [R. = col. bang, a net]. 16-bong (R.), a net; 
net-work, thien-16 te-bong, heaven and earth are 
a net, which wicked men cannot escape; their wicked- 
ness will surely be punished; a sort of net- work to pro- 
tect a vessel from pirates; a sort of rat-trap, it-bong 
ta n -chin, to take the whole at one haul, e.g. one man 
taking the whole of what should have been shared 
with others, ti-tu kiet-bong (spider makes a net); 
ornamental net-work, esp. on top of a mandarin's 

bdllg [R. not], (cf. bang), se-sip bong-the (R), 
hereditary (of rank or office), khi-bong (R), to treat 
a superior with disrespect or neglect his orders. 

bdllg [R. = col. bdng, a large sort of snake or 
dragon], bong-phau, a long ceremonial robe with 
dragons on it, worn by some mandarins, bong-6, 
dress of wives of high mandarins, embroidered with 
these dragons; worn also by rich lady at marriage. 
bong-kun, under- dress (or petticoat) thus embroider- 
ed, chheng-bong, to wear such a robe, esp. at plays. 

bdllg — bong-bong, careless, reckless; inten- 
tionally running a great risk (for a special purpose), as 
of pirates, sim bong-bong, reckless, bong-ta", 
recklessly running into danger, hin-bong-bong, 
head swimming; feeling giddy. 

bdllg— kim-koe-bong (T.), = A. kim-k6ng- 
thui, a sort of mace before idols, mandarins, &c. 

bdllg (R. b&), (Cn. b&), a grave, hun-bong, id. 
bong-tui, mound of grave, bong-ku, do. bong- 
toh, the flat stone or table in front of grave, bong- 
pai, tombstone, bong-chi-beng, engraved stone 
put inside the grave (v. beng). bong-chhiu, the long 
arms encircling a large grave, bong-tia", the level 
place in front of a grave, bong-to, stone tablet at 
side of road directing to the adjoining grave of a dis- 
tinguished person. bong-am (C. ), grave with a 
sort of pinnacle. bong-moa", the circular back of 
a grave. bong-khong, the cavity or pit of a grave 
(v. khong). 

tsong-bong, to bury, pai-bong, to worship at 
grave, teh bong-tsoa, to scatter paper on graves. 
chhiu n -bong, to make offerings and worship solemnly 
at graves (on the "chhi n -mia n " term), che-bong, id. 

the-bong, a grave with a mound of earth or turf. 
he-bong, a grave made with a mound of cement in 
shape of tortoise. 

bdng (cf. bong), bong-bong, giddy, bong- 
bong-hin, id. 

bdng [R. disorderly]. bong-tsong, careless, 
awkward, unmannerly (v. tsong). kong-bong (?) brag- 
gardly. bong tsu tsun-toa, self-conceited; making 
one's self of importance. 

bdllg [R. = col. bang, to look at], bong-hiong- 
tai, an elevation in Hades, from which the dead see 
their old home and family. 









beng-bong, distinction, fame, reputation, u-beng- 
bong, to be of some importance, distinction, or con- 
sideration, as a man whom others respect, bo-beng- 
bong, of no consequence or position, or of bad reputa- 

sok-bong, the first and fifteenth of the Chinese 
month ; new and full moon. 

it-bong bil-che, very vast, as a flood. 

bOllg [R. = col. bang, to dream], bong-siet, in- 
voluntary emission of semen, bong-ui, id. 

bll (cf. bu). tsoe-chit-bu, to meet together, as 
men; to make one lot, as things. 

bu (cf. tu). chit-bu-th&, a small mound of earth. 

bll (T.), = A. pu. tsoe-chit-bfi, to meet together. 
chhau ka-niig-bu, a dense luxuriant clump of grass 
or other plants. 

bll [R. = col. b&, no, not, there is not], bok-bu 
tsun-tiong, contemptuous towards persons in autho- 
rity, liok-bu, to have no near relatives, said in revil- 
ing, cheh-liok-bu, utterly exterminated, liok- 
bu-lang, man with no relations (esp. Cn.), said in 
reviling an unfriendly unneighbourly fellow who will 
not lend a hand to help. bu-tek, superior to all others 
in power or excellence (v. tek). bu-ser put-ui, ad- 
dicted to every evil (v. s&). bu-beng-tsai", the ring 
finger (v. beng, "name"), ban bu it-sit, without a 
single mistake or failure. 

bu-to, unjust, unprincipled, and wicked, as a ruler. 
bu-li, to scold violently and unjustly (v. li). 

su-bu khi-tan, recklessly wicked; fearing neither 
gods nor men. su-bu. — lang, to insult people by vio- 
lent language, so as to put to shame before others; gene- 
rally improperly and unjustly. kbit--i su-bu--khi, 
to be so insulted and put to shame by some one. 

lam-bu o-bi-to-hut, a Buddhist phrase used in 
invoking Buddha (Sansk. "nama"). 

bfl (R. id.) bu-loa, to accuse falsely, ka-bu, 
id. bu-ko, id. before mandarins. 

bll — kang-bii, male and female, of animals. 
bu--e, a female, of animals. 

nui n -bu (C. ), walking like a woman (said in scold- 
ing), thun-bii, a sterile woman. 

bll (R. id.), (C. often sounded like b6 or be>), mother; 
capital of money; used as the final in a great many mis- 
cellaneous phrases. 

pe-bii, parents (v. pe)., to exert all 
one's bodily strength, l-bii, mother's sister, bii-i, 
id. (s. military), bii-ku, maternal uncle (v. ku). bii- 
kim, wife of maternal uncle. 

lau-bii, mother, bii-chhin (r.), id. sien-bii, your 
deceased mother (polite). si n -bu, real mother. ke- 
bu, step-mother, au-bii, id. au-bu-bin, sour look, 
as of a step-mother, gak-bu, mother-in-law. 
bu, a woman taken as a sort of adoptive mother, but not 
actual adoption, iong-bii, wife of adoptive father, who 
treats the child quite as a son. tek-bii, principal wife 
of father, said in relation to the son of a secondary wife. 
toa-bii, id. che-bii, title of a large-footed concubine 
(said about her, not to her) in relation to her child, 
su-bu, similar title of secondary wife, but more respect- 
ful, usually small feet, soe-i bu, id. 

tser-bu (R. ), paternal grandmother, lai-tsef-bu 
(R.), id. goa-tser-bu (R. ), maternal grandmother. 

kok-bii, empress-dowager lin-bu, a wet-nurse, 
jii-bu, id. io-kia n -bu, id. bu--a, a nurse, khioh- 
chia-bu, a midwife. 

chhiu-bii-nng, the first egg that a fowl lays (v. 

nfig). koe-bii, a fowl that has laid eggs, ti-bu, a 
sow that has or had a litter, chhut-bu-thai, newly 
born, as child, bii-sin, body of woman about to have 
a child, or within a month after delivery, bu-sin-si, 
to die within a month after having a child, supposed to 
go to the "huih-ti" in the Buddhist hell. 

hai-koe-bii, a broker (with no warehouse of his 
own) who inquires about cargoes not yet lauded, and 
either buys small quantities on his own account, or 
negotiates the sale for merchants, toa-keng hai- 
koe-bu-tiam, shop of a sort of broker who buys and 
sells all sorts of things wholesale. 

lang — e hui-bii, what a man is terribly ashamed 
to have talked of (v. hui). 

sat-bii, a louse (v. sat). 

bu-chi", principal of money; capital lent, bu-lai, 
principal and interest (v. lai). 

ji-bii, the radical of a word; a letter of alphabet. 

ka"-bu, leaven, chhi-bii, materials for making 
liquor all mixed ready for fermenting. kiu n -bii, hard 
dry ginger root (v. kiu"). chhai-bii, a very salt sort 
of sauce, bi-bii, small reserve for future use (v. bf). 

soa-bu, small gravel or coarse sand, about the size 
of small peas. soa n -bu, the peak from which auspici- 
ous influence takes its beginning. 

liau-bu, the large rope or sheet in which the small 
ropes of a sail meet, hoe-bu, the original plant from 
which smaller shoots or young plants are taken, chhiu- 
bu, main stem of a tree, as opposed to suckers and 
secondary stems, tin-bu, crown of the root of a trail- 
ing plant, as of a potato, kun-bii, crown of the root ; 
origin of a thing. 

hut-bu, the goddess with eighteen hands, Sansk. 
Maritchi. tsiin-the hut-bu, do. seng-bii, the 
goddess MA-tse--p6; also the Virgin Mary, as named by 
the Romanists, thien-siong seng-bii, Ma-tser-p6. 
chia-bu, a spirit that guards an infant, chhng-bu, 
id. hau theh-bii, to make offerings to the goddess 
of the court-yard. se-6ng-bii, the queen of the fairies, 
who reigns at "iau-ti." tien-bu, the goddess of light- 
ning (v. tien). pai tau-bii, to worship the Great Bear 
(v. tau). 

pde-bu, a medicinal plant ( = p6e-be-), Uvularia and 
some similar roots (1). ti-bu, a medicinal plant ( = ti-be') 
that allays fever and inflammation; Celandine or Ane- 
marhena('). ti-bii ng-peh, two medicines often given 
in one dose, ek-bii-oan, a sort of pill (v. ek). chi- 
bu, a fish like trout, chi-bii-a, id. 

bll (R. ber). kang-bii, =kang-bff, a small tree with 
light wood (v. kang), (s. female). 

bll (R. id.) bii-ban, to insult; to slight, bii-long 
(R. T), to make a fool of; to play practical jokes upon; to 
take undue liberties with a superior (s. brandish), bii- 
long tsun-tiong, to make game of a superior. 

bli — bii-than-chhoah, diagonal (v. chhoah). 

bll [R. to brandish, to dance], bii-kiam, to brandish 
a two-edged sword (so with other weapons), bii-long 
(R.), to brandish or gesticulate, bii-long pit-bak, 
to make pedantic display in composition, bii-lang, to 
brandish, &c. bii-bii lang-lang, brandishing wea- 
pons or instruments, bii toa-ki koan-to (able to 
brandish the great sword of Kwanti), to have consider- 
able influence or power, so as to be able to manage 
matters of importance, bii-pe, to manage a matter 
unfairly without the knowledge of superior, as subor- 
dinates in yamun or in a hong. 

thiau-bii, to gesticulate with hands and feet; leap- 
ing and dancing and moving arms. 






bli [R. id.], military (including naval), as opposed 
to civil (so all through) — bu — e, a military one, e.g. 
a military mandarin, bii-bid, the official temple of 
Kwanti. bii-goe, military affairs (v. goe). 

pi-bu, to practise military exercises. oh-bii, to 
learn them, kho-bii, to have examination of military 

bii-6h, a military Sew-tsae. bii siu-tsai, id. bii- 
tong, military students or candidates, bu kii-jin, a 
military kujin. bii-kii, id. bii-khoe, id. bu-koa'\ 
a military mandarin, bii-ia", id. bii-hu, said in 
disparagement of military mandarins on account of their 
want of learning. bu--jl bo-chit-phiet (the charac- 
ter "bii" has no down stroke), said with the meaning 
that military mandarins don't know the characters well. 
bu-toa n , a man (actor) representing a female warrior. 

ien-bii-teng, pavilion for mandarins at the review 
ground, iau-bii iong-ui, a man showing himself of 
importance (v. ui). 

bun-bii, civil and military; Wen-wang and Wu- 
wang. bun-bu-tia", an accusation lodged at same 
time before the civil and military authorities, bun- 
bii koa n -oan, civil and military mandarins, bun-bii 
tsoan-tsai, having both civil and military ability, 
keng bun, pu bu, the poor study in order to get civil 
office, but military students are usually from the wealthier 
classes, bun-pan bii-pan, ranks of civil and mili- 
tary mandarins at imperial audience. 

bii-ong, Wu-wang, the founder of the Chow dynasty, 
bu-i-soa", the Bohea hills. 

chin -bii te-kun, = HiSn-thien Siong-te. bii- 
tong-san, his birthplace, bii-tong-tien, his temple. 

hien-bii, the Tauist spirit presiding over one quarter 
of the sky. hien-bii tai-te, id. goan-bii, id. 

bll — bii-thiin-bu-thiin, short and stout, as a 

bll — chhi-bii chhi-chhu, to whisper, chi- 
bii chi-tsu, id. li-bii li-le, talking on far too much. 

bli (C. b6ng), (Cn. sometimes m). toa-bii-liap, 
very large man. toa-bii-han, id. toa-bii-lang, 
id. toa-bii-sia", loud noise or voice, toa-bii-kong, 
large, long, and hollow, as a large bamboo, or as a crab's 
claw, or as a large suppurating sore, che toa-bii-ui, 
to sit so as to take up a great deal of room, tin toa- 
bii-ui, to take up a great deal of room. sim-koa n 
toa-bii-e, asking far too much. 

toa-bii si-kde, everywhere; very abundant, toa- 
bii si-kong-koe, id. toa-bong si-keng-ke 
(C), id. 

bli (R. id.) toa-per-bii, the thumb; the big toe. 
kha toa-p#-bii, the big toe. tsrig-thau-bii, the 
thumb, kha tshg-thau-bii, the big toe 

kun-thau-bii, the closed fist. 

bli (R. id.) eng-bii, a sort of parrot. 

bli [R. hu, to stroke, to tranquillize]. bii-i n (Cn. 
hii-i"), the lieutenant-governor, i.e. the governor of one 
province, bii-tai, do. tok-bii, the governor-general 
and the lieutenant-governor. 

bii-iong, to nourish and carefully bring up, as a child. 

bfl [R. affairs]. se-bu, the affairs of the world. 
put-am se-bu, ignorant of the way of managing 
matters, put-sek si-bu, does not know how to regu- 
late one's self by circumstances, e.g. making a quarrel 
with a very powerful adversary, se-bu-si, commis- 
sioner of customs (foreigner in Chinese service), tsiii- 
bu (r.) marine matters, rh-bat tsiii-bu, ignorant of 
navigation and seamanship. 

bfl, to blow water from the mouth, bu-tsiii, id. 
bll, dim, as eyes, bak-chiu bu, eyes dim. 
bfl, mist, fog. hun-bu, id. bong-bu, id. ien- 
bu, id. ien-bu-he 1 , thick dark rain, ien-bu-sap, 
drizzling mist, or very small drizzle; Scotch mist, ta- 
bu, misty or foggy all over, tau-bu, id. khi-bu, 
misty weather; mist spreading. chhiu n -bu, id. ai- 
bu, mist caused by the south wind, lam-hong-bu, id. 
ba-bu, dim and spotted; dim and indistinct, as mir- 
ror or window-glass not clear, or as water, or as sky. 
thi n ba-bu, the clouds just beginning to get bright 
with the light of the yet unrisen sun. 

bull — sih-buh sih-sut, making secret signs, 
as with eyes. 

blli — tsu-bui, pleased with one's self, as at 
getting good profits in trade or any good fortune; pleased, 
as with pleasant food, kek tsu-bui, to put on a pleased 
self-satisfied look, ba-bui, = tsu-bui, much pleased 
with one's self, ba-bui-chhio, to laugh heartily, 
without sound, khun kau ba-bui, sleeping soundly 
and comfortably. 

blli — bak-chiu bui-bui, eyes half closed, as 
in excessive laughter or weariness, or naturally so formed. 
chhio kau bak-chiu bui-bui, to laugh so that the 
eyes almost close, sa-bui, appearance of the eyes 
almost closed, as if ready to sleep, as from exhaustion 
or liquor, kek-kau sa-bui, to put on this appear- 
ance; eyes small and almost closed, as man putting on 
a false appearance of being pleased, or as a bad woman 
trying to entice people, soa-bui (esp. C. ), eyes almost 
closed, as from sleep, &c. 

bill — ba-bui (C), a fruit that is used as soap 
(s. pleased), boa-bui (P.), id. 

blli (R. pui, = col. gui). chhiu-bui, a stinking 

bUU — chhui-bun-bun, mouth slightly opened 
in smiling, chhio-bun-bun, to smile with mouth 
slightly opened. 

blln (C. ), = A. bin. bun-thau, cakes used in wor- 
ship of the dead. 

bUU (C), = A. bin. bun-chhng, a bed. 
blin(C), = A. bin. bun-a-jit, to-morrow. 
bun (C.), = A. hm (R mui n ). bun-lang, a sort 
of go-between for making marriages. 

bllll (R. id.), literary; civil, as opposed to military; 
a writing, esp. an official document, or prayer; (polite). 
bun-li, polite, bun-nga, id. ; elegantly accomplished; 
well composed, as essay or ode. su-biin, learned and 
accomplished, bun-bek, do. of man or place, bun- 
hong, character of a place, as to learning (s. hear). 
bun-hong seng, very literary, as a place, biin- 
hong soe, not literary (as place), chhiii u-bun- 
pit, there is a line on his palm going straight to the 
interstice of the fingers; he will be a graduate, bun- 
chiu", a literary essay. moa n -pak bun-chiu", he 
is very learned and literary, good at writing essays. 
bun-keh-tsoa, ruled paper for essays. 

bun-bii, civil and military (v. bu). bun-koa n , a 
civil mandarin, bun-bio, temple of Confucius, bun- 
6h, = bun siu-tsai, a literary graduate of the Sew-tsae 
degree, bun-khoe, a literary Kujin. 

pe , -bun, a decree issued by one of the Six Supreme 
Boards by imperial order, biin-su, an official docu- 
ment; a despatch (v. su). bun-tsu, id. kong-bun, 
id. hok-bun, to reply to an official communication, 
siong-bun, to send a despatch to a superior officer. 










tau-bun, to give in an official letter, as the courier 
does, beng-bun, credentials, bun -pin, official proof 
of a mandarin's office, &c. 

ser-bun (R. ), paper prayers, burned, cbiok-bun, 
written prayers recited and burned, as in worship of 
Confucius, cbe-bun, a paper informing the dead 
about the offerings; this also is burned. 

tbien-bun, astronomy, teng-cbbai-bun, riddles 
on transparent paper, put on lamps at doors, im- 
cbek-bun, small tracts, pretended to be by Bun- 
chhioug. kboan-se-bun, do., sometimes larger, and 
of various reputed authors, peb-bun, the text of a 
book, as dist. from commentary, pun-bun, the origi- 
nal text, prig-bun, the text of an imperial procla- 
mation, kdf-bun, a book consisting of a selection of 
ancient essays; elegant extracts, lien-bun, ornamental 
written scrolls, cnbien-jl-bun, the thousand charac- 
ter classic (all different words), much used for naming a 
consecutive series. 

bun-cbbiong, the god of literature, Wen-chang 
(v. chhiong). tsu-bun-kong, the commentator Choo- 
hi, once magistrate of Changchew. bun-kong-su., 
his temple. 

tbien-bun-tong, a medicinal plant, bek-bun- 
tong, another sort, soat-bun, soap, sap-bun, do. 
siap-bun, do. 

hoan-bun, the 66th or 67th radical written at the 
side. pai n -bun (T.), id. 

1)1111 [R. wavy lines], bun -gun, sycee silver, 
bun-gun pi n -tsoe be-kbau-tbib, sycee changed to 
tinplate ; a valuable thing changed to worthless. 

ka-bun-cbbiob, a finely woven mat made of reeds. 
16-bun-tsoa, a sort of lined writing paper, cbbia- 
bun-per, cotton drill; drill or twilled cloth, cbbia- 
bun, id. sia-bun-per, id. 

1)1111 [R. = col. rung, a door], oan-bun, the side 
gates of the open space in front of main-gate of a yamun; 
often a street passes through them, nger-bun, do. in 
front of imperial palace, bien-iau bun-lu, to be- 
come a great mandarin or very illustrious graduate, 
bien-iau bun-bi, id. 

kiii bun-koan, the gate of Hades, Buddhist (v. 
koan). tbien-bun kbai, heaven's gate open on 6.7: 
a mirror is put in water in a new wooden basin, and the 
splendours of heaven with the "thien-sin" are seen; 
this day "thi n -kong" is specially worshipped, and it is 
ten times more use to burn mock paper this day than 
on other days. 

sin-bun, the soft place on a child's head. 

but-bun, the Buddhist sect or society (v. hut), 
bun-seng (R.), a pupil. 

liong-bun-soa, a sort of edible shark. 

cbbut-bun kien-bi, to see a good omen on leaving 
the door. nge>-bok lim-bun, may the five blessings 
descend on this house. 

bllll [R. to hear], sin-bun, news, sin-bun-tsoa, 
a newspaper, tboan-bun — lai, learned only by re- 
port, bun -bong (r.), to hear a rumour (s. literary). 
bun-bong song-tam, lost courage at the news. 
bun-beng (polite phrase), famous, as man or thing; I 
have heard that name, bun ki-beng, bi-kien ki- 
bien, I have heard of him but have never seen him. 

bllU (R. id.) tsu-bun, to cut one's own throat. 

bllll [R. corner of mouth], bo-kbau-bun, good 
at talking in a winning pleasing manner, ba-bun- 
cbbio, to smile, bun-bun-a-cbbio, id. 

1)1111 (Cn.), =A. tin. tff-bun, a worm. 

bllU [R. sad], iu-bun, sad. bun-iu-iu, id. 
ut-bun, grieved; vexed; dull; having a feeling of 
ennui, un-bun, do. sim bun, mind sad. sim- 
koa n bun - cbiau - cbiau, very sad. bun-tsau- 
tsau, id. koe-bun, to remove sorrow, as by amuse- 
ment. k6e sim-bun, id. siau-cbbiu kai-bun, 
id. cbbiu"-kbek, koe sim-bun, to sing songs to 
put away sorrow. 

1)1111 — bun -bun, dull throbbing pain, bun- 
thia n , id. 

bflU — lien-bun, the rose - apple, = hoan-k6-chi 
(foreign fruit) : Sansk. Djamba. 

bllU (T. lun; C. chheng). bun -prig, to boil rice 
dry with little water and moderate fire. 

blin (C. bin), bun-tbang, worms in the abdo- 

bflll [R. = col. mng, to ask], bun-pok, to consult 
a diviner, bun-song (R.), to make a visit of condol- 
ence to a house where a corpse is lying and worship it. 

bun-tsoe (R.), to condemn. bun-t§ (R.), to con- 
demn to be transported, bun-liu (R.), id. (different 

bflll [R. reputation, by change of tone from "bun," 
to hear], bak-bun, learning; scholarship; literary 
knowledge, u-bak-bun, to be a learned man. bak- 
bun cbbim, id. tbam lang--e bak-bun cbbim- 
kbin, to try the depth of a man's scholarship. 

bllll [R. hun, a division, a part], be-le-bun, a 
paper with divisions and figures or characters on it, used 
in a sort of gambling, lin b&-lo-bun, to throw the 
dice upon it. 

but — ti n -but-but, very sweet. 

l)llt — iu-but-but, very small, as infant; said 
also in general, but-but-a, very small, as fish, &c. 
but-but-a-toa, id. 

bllt — seng-ta n -but, a small edible white sea- 
worm, sharp at both ends. 

bllt (R. id.) but-a-bi, a small white fish, sek- 
but-a-bi, do. cooked ready, and so sold in streets. 

bllt (R. id.), to strike with a thin stick, switch, or 
whip; to switch, but-sut, id. 

bllt (R. id.) but-iob, myrrh. 

bllt [R. to sink; to perish], but-koa 11 , to be con- 
fiscated, bai-but, to bury or hide so that it may never 
be found (v. bai). bin-but (R.), to be destroyed; to 
disappear, leaving no trace, as merit unacknowledged, 
or as a thing put out of the way. 

bllt [R. do not!] cbbiet-cbbiet but-gff, be 
careful to make no mistake (phrase much used in letters). 

bllt [R. = col. mlh n , a thing], put-seng-but, an 
ill-behaved worthless fellow, giet-but, you vile thing; 
you wretch (said to children), koai-but, a very mali- 
cious demon in shape of an animal (v. koai). be-but, 

su-but, four drugs counted of great use, viz. "kui, 
kiong, chiok, te." su-but-tbng, an infusion of these 
four drugs mixed. 

ban-but, all things in heaven and earth, thien- 
te ban-but, heaven, earth, and all things, jin ui 
ban-but cbi-leng, man is the most excellent and in- 
telligent of all beings. 

jin-biit, distinguished men, in relation to their place 
of birth, &c. toa-jin-but, a high mandarin or Tsin- 
sze, said in relation to the grave or village or family 
from which he comes, cbbut jin-biit, to produce dis- 


X It 



tinguished men. bo sim-mih jin-but, no illustrious 
man belongs to the place, ho-jin-but, a fine-looking 
man; a man above the common average, it-piau e 
jin-biit, a fine-looking and elegant man. ui jin-but, 
to draw or paint pictures of men. jin-cheng but-li, 
the proper way of action ; the principles of what is right 
and proper in any affair. 

30 che 

iong-but, the male organs; the penis, im-but 
(R.), the female organs. 
bWJl, better "boft" (q.v.) 

bwah, and bwah; better "boah, boah" (q.v.) 
b Willi, better "boan" (q.v.) 
bwat, better "boat" (q.v.) 







ch always has the sound in "church." By others it 
is used both for that sound and for ts; but never in this 
Dictionary except sometimes in the aspirated form chh 

('hit, cha n (in various tones); better tsa, tsa n , &c. 

Chilli, chah; better tsah, tsah (q.v.) 

Chili, chai", chak, cham, chan, chang, chap, 
chat, chau, chauh (in various tones); better tsai, 
tsai n , tsak, tsam, tsan, tsang, tsap, tsat, tsau, tsauh, 
&c. (q.v.) 

die (R. che), this; those, che-lang, this man, &c. 

Che (C), = A. tsoe, dough. 

Che [R. tsai, to fast ceremonially], (C. che). che- 
chham, Buddhist rites (generally for several days) for 
getting souls out of hell, kong-tek che-chham, id. 
tsoe-che-chham, to perform these rites shortly after 
death, tso-che (C), id. phoa n -che (C), =tiau- 
tsoa, to call and present offerings while these rites are 
going on. 

Che (R. tsa), (C. che), dregs; sediment, che-tai, 
do. che-tsai (C. ), id. kau-che-tai, full of dregs; 
said of a troublesome meddling man. 

ioh-che, second infusion of drugs, tau-che, refuse 
from making bean-curd, han-tsu-che, refuse from 
making potato-starch, iu-che (C), = A. iu-tai, sedi- 
ment of oil. 

che-livi, a soft tumour, white within (v. lift). 

dl£ (C. ), = A. tsa. san-che, small crab-apple. 

Cll£ (C), = A. tsa, to investigate; a surname. 

Che (R. sign), (C. che, P. te, Cn. also tsftn). am- 
pe-che, the cicada, am-po-che (C), id. ka-che 
(Cn.), id. 

Che — ler-ien-che (T. ), = A. 16-ien-sS, a band of 
boys with music in idolatrous processions. 

Che [R. together, even, regulate]; "che" and "ts6e" 
are sometimes interchanged in some phrases, esp. che 
(C. ) often = A. ts6e. 

che-kok, the state of Tsi in the Chow dynasty. 

che-ka (R.), to rule one's household well. 

che-pi, complete in number, che-chip, to assemble 
in full number (v. chip). nger-l& che-hoat, affairs 
or persons coming all at once from various quarters. 
nge-koan put-che, having some ugly blemish in the 
features. che-tsui n (C. ), complete; perfect. 

che-bi, a heavy club about the height to a man's 
eyebrows (v. bi). 

er-ler-bok-che, Urumutsi, a Chinese province in 
Central Asia; said also in reference to travellers' tales, 
"all bosh." 

Ch<? — che-a, a short, dark-grayish edible sea- 
slug, = koe-lun. 

Clie^ — pin-pin che-che, clean and neat in dress 
and person; elegant and polite. 

Clie^ (R. chid), affix to names of some women, che- 
bu, a large-footed concubine, said of her when spoken 
of as a mother, che— a, a secondary wife; a concubine. 
che-a-6e, shoes for large-footed women, che — a, 
mother (large-footed concubine)! a-che, do., said by 
her child; also, "elder sister ! " 

die [R. to rule, to shape], to ward off evil influences. 
che-soah, to ward off the evil influence of the demons 
called "soah-sin." sai-thau che-soah, lions' heads 
doing so. che-iam, to ward off or expel demons. 

at-che, to keep down (by power) so as to prevent 
doing something, che-ap, id. ap-che, id. ; to op- 
press, as a powerful man; to keep down or ward off 
danger, ap-che sia-kui, to ward off the evil influ- 
ence of demons, ap-che 6e-tit-ke, able to keep off 
the danger or trouble, hiap-che, to use improper 
pressure or strong influence to force a man to do what 
he does not wish. 

che-tai, the governor-general. che-te% the rules 
(of a dynasty) as to dress, &c. (v. t&). 

in-si che-gi, to accommodate one's actions to the 
circumstances, bo-chiet-che, too free and lavish in 
the use of money, si-toa e-chiet-che, rules and 
regulations of our superiors. 

Clie [R. pattern; to compound], che-ioh, to com- 
pound or prepare medicines, chien-che, do. both by 
cutting and by the use of fi-re. che-chha, to prepare 
by roasting, as medicines. 

ke^-che, old-fashioned, as dress or other articles, si- 
che, fashionable form of dress, khoan-che, pattern 
or form; character or behaviour, pun-tiau hok- 
che, the form of dress prescribed by the present dy- 

u keng-che, correct in style, as a composition (some 
assign this phrase to the next word): this word and the 
former are sometimes interchanged. 

Clie [R. to cross; to make successful; to assist]. 
chin-che, to give alms to. si-che, to give alms. 
iong-che-i n , a sort of public poor's-house. 

put-che-su, it will not do; will not effect the pur- 
pose, boe-che, id. tong-boe-che, all efforts to 
prevent it are unsuccessful, kong — liau put-che, 
utterly useless to raise the subject. 

kong-jiu siong-che, firmness and gentleness well 
united and balanced, un-jiu siong-che (Cn.), two 
parties settling a quarrel by each yielding a little. 

Che (R. tl; cf. piau-ti). cheng-che, beautiful, 
as person or thing. 

Ch£ (R. tsa). chfc-khui (C), to burst, as a gun. 

Cll£ (C.),-A. tsa, false. 










elite [R. a limit], it-bong bu-cbe, vast; illimit- 
able, as a great flood. 

elite — t«?-cbe, just one year from birth. me n - 
cbe (C), id. 

Cll& — oan-ke niu n -cbe, to have a feud or vio- 
lent quarrel, oan-ke niu"-cbe, id. 

Cllte (R. id.), (C. chfe), a debt; a loan of money. 
cbiob-cbe, to borrow, chioh liu-boan-cbe, to 
borrow from northern exiles, the worst usurers in Amoy. 
moa n -teng-cbe, debts to be paid when father dies. 
kbiam-cbe, to owe a debt, kbiam-cbe e-lang, a 
debtor; the borrower, kbiam-kba-cbe, to have a 
walk to no purpose. kbiam-cbe oan-tsai-tsii; 
put-bau oan-pe-bii, the debtor hates the creditor; 
the unfilial son hates his parents. 

cbe-tsu, the lender; the creditor, pang-cbe, to 
lend on interest (v. pang). bo-kia n -cbe, usury so 
heavy that Heaven refuses posterity to the usurer. 
tbo-cbe, to demand payment, pek-cbe, do. very 
urgently; to dun for payment. 

cbe-cbe, to be responsible for payment of a debt. 
an-cbe, to promise to pay a debt at a fixed time, boan- 
cbe (C), to pay a debt, biau-cbe, to refuse to pay a 
debt, or insist that it has been paid, tsau-cbe, to 
abscond in order to avoid paying a debt, to-cbe, id. 

giap-cbe, very miserable condition because of wick- 
edness in a former life, for which full satisfaction has 
not yet been made. pbai n -mia n -cbe, id. 16-16k- 
cbe, id. 16-16k-cbe be-moa 11 , id. ; lit. the debt of 
misery not yet fully paid. 

elite) better "cheh," or "chlt-e," an enclitic parti- 
cle; v. cheh. 

Cllte (R. id.), a sacrificial offering; to make a sacri- 
ficial offering to. cbe-mib n , things offered, cbe- 
su, a sacrificial offering, cbe-bun, a written or printed 
prayer, read and burned. 

cbe-so, to make offerings and sweep the tombs, 
cbe-bien, to worship by offerings, bien-cbe, id. 
tsu-cbe, to preside at a sacrifice, biong-cbe, to ac- 
cept or receive an offering, pai-cbe, to make a visit 
to a family where a death has occurred, and worship the 
dead with a great quantity of offerings, much more than 
in the rite of " tiau-tsoa. " 

ebe-teng, to make offerings on those days that con- 
tain the cyclical character "teng," in the spring and 
autumn worship of Confucius, cbe-tang, to make 
offerings to ancestors at the winter solstice, cbe-ki, 
to sacrifice to the flag, cbe-tok, do. to general's flag. 
cbe-bong, to make offerings at the tombs, cbe- 
kang, to make offerings at an inlet or strait, as to call 
back the soul of a drowned person, or as to avert cala- 
mities when e.g. an army is about to cross, cbe-ker, 
to make offerings to deceased persons who have no pos- 
terity; said also in scolding a man eating voraciously. 
cbe-tbien, to make offerings to Heaven, kau-cbe- 
tbien, the monkey who sacrificed to Heaven, and became 
ancestor of the foreigners. 

boe-cbe — tit, not pleasant to eat, as food ill cooked. 
tsai-si n , m-cbe na n -au; si— liau cbiab-bau 
koa n -cbba-tbau; will not support parents while 
alive, but will make offerings to the coffin after death. 

elite [R. sui, to sleep], (C. tsoe, T. tso). ka-cbe, 
to nod in sleep; drowsy, tub-ka-cbe, id. tok-ka- 
tso(T.), id. 

elite [cf. chhe, to seek]. gau-phi n -cbe, very know- 
ing (v. phi"). 

31 die 

Cllte [R. tsoe, guilt], (T. Cn. tso), also in 11. = A. 
tsoe, guilt. 

cbe-koa, guilt, crime as related to punishment, 
si-cbe, guilt involving punishment, of death, si-cbe, 
b6 go-cbe-tang, the penalty of death is not so severe 
as that of starvation; a starving man does not fear to 
risk anything, siu-cbe, to bear guilt, penalty, or re- 
sponsibility for it. soe-cbe, to atone for guilt by 
burning paper, and making offerings, &c, esp. for 
killing cows, tbau-cbe, do. as Tauist priests do. 

Cllte (C), =A. tsOe, many. 

Cll£(C), =A. ehia. cbe-ker, a partridge; some 
say "ch£." 

Cllte — to-cbe, = "lun," to push a boat straight 
backwards, cbe-a, id. 

elite (R. tso), (Cn. tso), to sit; to be responsible for 
(C. chhe, in this sense only); to settle, as sediment or 
foundation; to abate, as pain; to have its back to a 
direction, as house. 

au-cbe, the hind part of a carcass, as of a pig or 
goat, about one-third part of it. be-cbe, the upper 
support of a Chinese helm. 

cbe-tbe, to conceive; to have in the womb. 

tai-ke pi n -cbe-kbia, all about a similar position 
in life, e.g. all mandarins or graduates (v. khia). 

cbe-soa" — e, the charterer or owner of a vessel, who 
lives on shore, as opposed to the supercargo (chhut-hai); 
either may be called "tsun-tsu." kbui-bang cbe- 
tiam, to have a hong or shop, as merchant, cbe- 
tang biong-sai, having its front to the west, as house, 
&c. siang-cbe, facing the same way, as two houses. 

cbe-ebbeng, to settle and become clear, as a fluid, 
cbe-toe, to settle down, as sediment, kbab-cbe, 
abated, as pain, cbe — lob-kbi, to sink or settle down 
in one part, as a house on a soft foundation, cbe-kbu, 
a Chinese door become too low, by the gradual wearing 
away of the socket on which it turns like a hinge. 

cbe-kio, to travel in a sedan, cbe-tsun, to go by 
boat, cbe-ebbia, to travel in a carriage or cart, cbe- 
lien, to use the imperial sedan or idol's sedan. 

cbe-tbi n , to be emperor, cbe-tiau, to give audi- 
ence, as emperor, cbe-tien, id. cbe-ui, to sit on a 
throne; to take a seat, as guest or scholar, cbe-tng, 
to sit on the tribunal, as mandarin. 

cbe-sien, to sit in profound abstraction or medita- 
tion, as Buddhist priest, cbe-tso, to sit performing 
certain rites, as Tauist or Buddhist priests, cbe pb6- 
ter, to sit performing special rites (called "pher-t&") for 
getting souls out of hell. 

cbe-boe-tiau, cannot sit still; I cannot sit idle. 
cbbia n -cbe, please sit down; don't go away, cbe- 
cbib, to break by sitting upon, cbe-kbi-cbia", sit 
straight, looking straight forward, not sidewise. cbe- 
kbi-tbeng, sit straight up. 

cbe-tau, to accept the responsibility, as for a man's 
conduct, or for payment (C. chhe, in this and all the 
following phrases), cbe-giab, to be responsible for 
payment. cbe-cbi n , to be responsible for payment 
of money, cbe-siau, to accept the responsibility of 
payment of account, cbe-cbe, do. of a debt, cbe- 
tu, to accept the responsibility for another person, cbe- 
toa n , to accept a bill, m-cbe (C. m-chhe), refuse to 
pay, as a bill; protest a bill; also (C. m-che), will not 
sit. cbe-to-tng, to agree to take back a thing sold if 
the purchaser does not like it. cbe-tsoe, to bear the 
responsibility of a fault or crime, tboe— lang cbe- 













tsoe, do. in place of another. goa-che--li, I am 
responsible to you for it, as for the sum. goa ka-li- 
che, id. he>-li-che, you must be responsible for the 
payment. che-i n , bo-che-pi n , taking the praise of 
success, but not willing to bear responsibility in case of 
failure (lit. round, not flat). 

CDC (C. che), a fort, a camp, esp. small, che-a, id. 
ia. n -che, a military encampment. soa n -che, a hill 
fort, chhat-che, a robber's den or fort, an-che, to 
encamp, an-ia" tsat-che, id. jip-che, bo-thai- 
lang, even an enemy is not injured when he comes into 
our house. 

Cll£ n (C), in all the tones, = A. chi n , when it comes 
from the reading form "cheng." 

cll£" (C), = A. cheng, chl". che n -che n , be quiet ! 
(said to child). am-che°, secret. 

clicll (Cn. tsbh). cheh-thoah, to use wastefully, 
as money or things. 

Clicll (R. chek), (C. cheh), oblique, as any tone except 
the pia n (ping) tone. pia n -cheh, the ping tone and 
the other tones; the two great divisions of tones; the 
arrangements of rhymes and sequences according to the 
tones. b6-pia n -cheh, not properly composed as re- 
gards the tones, 11 , any tone except the ping. 

Clicll ( = chit-e), an enclitic particle after some 
verbs; originally "once," but the meaning is often very 
slight, e.g. once and again; now and then. 

sih--cheh,, twinkling ; glancing now 
and then. lun--cheh, kiu— cheh, unsettled state of 
mind, now afraid, now almost ready to do it. 

Cliell (T. Cn.), =A. chhek. chhiau-cheh, ap- 
pearance of great delight. 

Clicll (R. chek), (C. cheh), to separate fibres (as of 
flax) with the hand, joining them into one continuous 
thread by twisting the ends together, cheh-toe, to 
pick thus the fibres of flax, making them into one thread, 
done by women, phang-cheh, to make thread (in 
general) of cotton, flax, &c. cheh-kheng, the basket 
for holding the flax thread when made. 

CHCll (C), =A. tsoeh, a feast day; a term in the 
year, tang-cheh, the winter solstice, tang-cheh, 
at the same time, si-cheh, a time; a period or point 
of time, cheh-khi, =A. tsoeh-khui, the 24 terms of 
the solar year. 

Clicll (Cn. tsbh), to dry by pressing gently with a 
cloth, without wiping or rubbing; also to dry by a gentle 
touch with the tip of finger, &c. cheh-ta, id. cheh-- 
khi-lai, id. 

clicll — bak-kiah-cheh, wooden heel taps of 
women's small shoes. 

Clich (R. tsde), (C. ts6e). cheh-a, a wart. 

CllCh [R. siok, =col. chek, a younger uncle, &c] 
a-cheh (Cn.), papa! father! sometimes said, but con- 
sidered not respectful. 

Cll£h (C), =A. chiah. chiau-cheh, birds, in 
general, chhu - thau cheh-a, = chhek - chidu-d, a 

Che-h [R. tsoat, to cut off], (Cn. tsSh), all exter- 
minated, as a family, si-cheh, id. si-cheh-cheh, 
id. chiu si-cheh-tsoa, to imprecate death on one's 
self and one's whole family, if what is sworn be false. 
si-kia n cheh-sun, may all your posterity be cut off! 
cheh-cheng, having no descendants, or all extirpated. 
cheh-bo-lang, id. cheh-au-tai, id. cheh-sam- 
tai, the three generations cut off. cheh-liok-bu, 
relatives utterly exterminated. 

Chcll (C), =A. ts6eh, to slice vertically. poa n - 
cheh-boeh, stockings of two colours or stuffs at the 
foot and leg. 

Cll£ll (C), sound of walking on a wet road. 

Click [R. form, traces, = col. jiah]. pit-chek, 
handwriting, chhin-pit-chek, one's own handwrit- 
ing, tsong-chek, traces, as of a thief, or of things 
lost or stolen (v. tsong). ke^-chek, ancient remains. 
seng-chek-mih n , things having some traditional con- 
nection with ancient sages, u-heng-chek, to have 
traces or clue, as to something stolen, &c. heng-chek 
kho-gi, ground for suspicion. 

hoat-chek, to rise to high station, wealth, or dis- 
tinction from a low position, so as to "make one's 
mark. " 

Click (R. siok), (P. chiok, chioh), younger brother 
of father; any man of game surname or clan who is one 
degree nearer the common ancestor than we are, but 
younger than our father; polite title to a moderately old 
man, not so old as "peh." an-chek, do., esp. vocative; 
sometimes "father!" a-chek, id. pau-chek, father's 
younger brother, chhin-chek, id. tong-chek, a 
man of same clan who is one degree nearer common an- 
cestor than we, and younger than our father, but not 
his brother; father's younger cousin of same surname, 
however distant the cousinship may be. chiong- 
tong-chek, father's younger second cousin, or more 
distant cousin, of same surname, piau-chek, younger 
son of paternal grand-aunt, or of grandmother's bro- 
ther, &c. 

chek-peh, paternal uncles in general; and all cousins 
of father having the same surname, chek-peh hia n - 
ti, cousins of same surname; relatives of the same sur- 
name, chek-kong, paternal grandfather's younger 
brother; any junior cousin of paternal grandfather (of 
same surname) however distant; also, polite address to 
old man. chek-kong-tse', younger brother of pater- 
nal great-grandfather, or any junior cousin of his, how- 
ever far removed, only of the same surname, lau- 
chek-kong, venerable sir ! 

au-chek, step-father, chhin-ke-chek, younger 
brother of man whose son or daughter is married to our 
daughter or son. tiu n -lang-chek, younger brother 
of wife's father, chek-koa", younger brother of hus- 
band's father, sio-chek, husband's younger brother, 
se-chek (C), id. soe-chek (An.), id.; (T.), youngest 

Click (R. chiok), (C. chek, chiok), a candle, iu- 
chek, a tallow candle, lah-chek, a wax candle, 
chha-chek, a wooden imitation candle with a lamp at 
the top. chha-chek-ke-, id. chek-ke^ (Cn.), id. 
chha-chek-au, small cup on top of it, holding oil. 
chha-chek-tih, candlestick for imitation candle, hoe- 
chek, flowered candles for festive occasions, thong- 
siau-chek, long red candles. 

tsui-chek, a sort of reed with a head like a bulrush, 
used for stanching blood, chioh-chek, two pillars 
(shaped like candles) at graves of high mandarins, tsun 
chhah-chek, the boat has sunk to the bottom, leaving 
only the mast visible. 

chek-sim, wick of candle, chek-bang, candle- 
stems, made of a sort of reed, an chek-bang, to 
attach the stem to the candle, chek-ke, a frame used 
in making candles, chek-tai, a candlestick, esp. large, 
hoh-a chek-tai, a stork-shaped candlestick, chek- 
tih, .a small candlestick, chek-chhang, socket of 
candlestick, chek-lui, candle-droppings, chek-sai, 

> v _*. 





candle-snuflings. chek-hoe, ornamental wax flowers 
stuck on large candles, liam chek-hoe, to put them 
on. chek-chien, snuffers. 

Cllt'k — chek--tioh, to sprain. 

click, to squeeze out, as blood or matter from a 
sore; to strain through a cloth by squeezing. 

Click (R. id.), to punish; to reprove; (to count re- 
sponsible), chek-pi, to reprove; to punish, chek- 
tok, to instruct and educate into good conduct, often 
including idea of reproof or chastisement, tok-chek, 
id. chek-hoat, to punish, as the gods, khien- 
chek, id. 

li — e chek-jim, it is your affair; the responsibility 
is upon you. li--e chek-seng, id. chek-tsoe, to 
lay the blame on. 

Click [R. chit, nature; to confront], tui-chek. 
the two parties stating their case face to face, as before 
a superior or arbiter. 

Click (, to collect or gather together; to crowd 
together, chek-oa, to crowd close to, as to place or 
person. sa n -chek, crowded together, chek-lek— 
teh, id. chek-he, to collect more and more, chek- 
tsu, to gather up; to amass; to collect, chek-thiok, 
id. gradually, thiok-chek, id. tun-chek, to ac- 
cumulate gradually quantities of goods, chek-chek 
tsde-chit-tui, to gather into a heap, tui-chek, to 
gather in great abundance. tui-soa n chek-hai, to 
gather in vast quantities, like mountains and oceans. 
tui-kim chek-giok, to gather heaps of gold and 
jade, liap-chek, to hoard up little by little; to save 
and store up carefully, as money, sam-tai liap- 
chek; it-tan kheng-khong, to spend in one morn- 
ing the accumulations of three generations, sam-lien 
&c, id. of three years. 

chek-oan, to harbour resentment or envy, chek- 
tek, to increase gradually in virtue or character (good 
or bad), (v. tek). chek-ok biet-sin, accumulated 
guilt leading Heaven to punish by death, ok-chek, 
accumulated guilt calling down Heaven's judgments. 
tsoe-ok-chek, to act continually very wickedly, e.g. 
oppressing people, or causing feuds, or bringing false 
accusations, ok-chek se"-ti, the result of accumu- 
lated guilt. 

chhut-jit, tioh-chek h§--lai-niu n , in sunny 
weather collect food for rainy seasons. 

sit-chek, unwell (as child) from over-eating, sit- 
chek siong-pi, id. kam-chek, indigestion and ill- 
ness (of children) from over-eating, chek-siong, 
illness from hard toil or over-exertion for many days. 
sim-koa n -thau peh-peh chek-chek, feeling of 
heaviness from indigestion or dyspepsia. 

Click (R. id.), (C. chit), im-chek, works of super- 
erogation ; meritorious virtue deserving reward from 
Heaven, sun im-chek, to commit sins that draw down 
Heaven's anger, ban-tai im-chek, very great meri- 
torious virtue, im-chek-bun, Buddhist tracts dis- 
tributed to gain merit, im-chek-hun, lines on the 
countenance showing benevolent acts, and portending 
prosperity, im-chek-hun chiu n -bin, such lines ap- 
pearing on the face. 

Click [R. a rule; then], chek-le, a tariff. 

Click [R. immediately; supposing], chek-si, im- 
mediately, chek-koan-kong (T. chiok, &c), speak 
on if you like; don't be afraid to speak, chek-koan- 
lai, come if you like. 

Click (R. sok). chek-pher-si (Cn.), = A. sok-pd- 
si, an attendant of Seng-h6ng-ia. 

Cliek (R, id.) chek-leng (R.), a sort of bird that 
is a model of fraternal affection. 

Click [R. a sort of millet], hff-chek, the author 
of agriculture; the god of agriculture, sia-chek (R,), 
the place for the Imperial worship of the gods of the 
land and grain, sia-chek-toa", the altar at that, 
temple, sia-chek-sin, the gods of grain and the 
guardian spirits of the mountains in the several regions; 
none but the emperor may worship them in person or by 
commission, san-chhoan sia-chek (R. ), mountains, 
rivei's, and this altar; said of the emperor's possessions. 
to-liong-siok, bek-su-chek, the six grains. 

Click (R. id.) chek-le (Cn.), = A. chit-le, a me- 
dicinal plant. 

Click (R. id.) chek-ter (Cn.), =A. chit-te-, envy. 

CllC-k [R. a thief, = col. chhat]. liok-chek, idle 
scoundrels; rowdies or loafers, ka-chek lan-hong, 
it is difficult to guard against a thief in the house. 
chhong-chek, to destroy one's own health or life by 
wicked courses, chhiong-chek, id. 

Click [R. chit, a disease]. li-chek, dysentery. 
ker-chek, an old or inveterate disease that comes 
back after cure, ai-khi ker-chek, tendency to take 
the old disease again, hoe-chek (T.), = A. hoe-chit, 
useless (as man) because .of some incurable disease or 
deformity. *,- ' -tJu ft ; --Sp&Si 

Click (R. id.), ( = chfp), a census-roll according to 
the district to which our ancestors belong, bin-chek, 
id. e-mng-chek, belonging to Amoy by descent, &c. 

CllCIlg (R. chiong). chiu-cheng, a small wine- 
cup, kham-cheng, a large bowl-shaped cup with 
cover (often of fine ware), often used for infusing tea. 
te-cheng, a small tea-cup, but not the smallest size. 
chit-cheng-te, a cup of tea. 

CllCIlg' (R. chiong), a bell; a gong with a boss in 
the middle (those without a boss are called "lo"); (a 
clock; o'clock). 

te-cheng, a small hand-bell used by priests, tang- 
cheng, a gong with a boss in the middle; a brass or 
copper bell, cheng-lui, knob or boss of a gong. 
cheng-lin, id. cheng-tsai, the hollow on the ob- 
verse of a gong, cheng-thui, mallet for striking a 
gong or bell, cheng-lau, a belfry or steeple. 

khau-cheng, to strike a large bell, as in Buddhist 
temple, phah-cheng, to strike a bell, kong- 
cheng, to strike a bell or gong. 

si -cheng, a clock, teng - si - cheng (Cn.), id. 
kui-tiam-cheng, what o'clock] (v. tiam). tstt- 
beng-cheng (Cn.), a clock that strikes. 

au-cheng (C), Adam's apple in the throat. na n - 
au-cheng (C), id. 

CllCIlg [R. id., = col. "tsan," a surname; also read 
"chfing," already; Cn. tsong, chong]. 

cheng-sun, great-grandson, cheng-tse^, great 
grandfather, cheng-tser-bu, great-grandmother. 

cheng-tsu, a famous disciple of Confucius. 

CllCIlg [R. = col. chi n , to dispute; Cn. tsong, chong]. 

cheng-chha, to be different for the worse (v. chha). 
tsau-cheng, id. cheng-tsoah, difference, bo- 
cheng-tsoah, no difference, cheng-tsoah iii - 
hien, differs but little. 

cheng-chien, to fight, as in battle, cheng-thien 
toat-kok, to aim at the throne, as in rebellion (v. toat). 
cheng-khi, put-cheng-tsai, the quarrel is for feel- 
ing or anger, and not for money. 

CllCIlg, = teng, to le\y some sorts of taxes. 















cllCllg (Cn.), = A. chiang. cheng-chiu, Chang- 
chew city. 

Clieilg (R. id. ), to go out to battle, as against rebels, 
banditti, or pirates, ch.hut-ch.eng, to go out to battle 
against inferiors, as rebels, &c. gu-ka chhin-cheng, 
the emperor going out to war in person, cheng- 
chhat, to go to attack pirates or bandits, as mandarins. 
cheng-hoan, to invade a foreign country; to bring 
foreigners to submission, cheng-hoan (Cn.), to eat 
sweet potatoes (said in joke). 

cheng-lam tsau-pak, kia n -tang khi-sai, to 
travel in all directions. 

Clieilg (R. seng). leng-cheng, a banner with 
name and titles of the dead (used at funerals of the rich 
or of persons of distinction). 

Clieng (R. id.) cheng-chiet, chaste and pure, 
as a virgin keeping single, or as a widow who will not 
marry a second time, cheng-chiet-hng, memorial 
archway erected by imperial permission in memory of 
such a widow, cheng-lu, a woman who remains a 
virgin all her life. 

cSlCllg [R. to increase; Cn. chong]. cheng-tang, 
to adulterate with an inferior article so as to add to the 
weight; also, to make an article of fixed price (e.g. a 
cake) a little larger when the price of the said material 
falls, instead of changing the price of the article, ke- 
cheng-tang, id. ke-cheng h#--i, give him a little 
more, e.g. when the amount is calculated in gross in- 
stead of reducing to net weight. 

Clldlg (R. chiong), (P. chiong), to pound with a 
pestle or such instrument, not triturating, but only strik- 
ing or pounding; to strike or pound a man with the fist; 
to clean rice by pounding; to make a wall of clay and 
cement, or a mud wall; to beat hard (as mortar on a 

cheng-piang, housebreaking (v. piitng). 

cheng-khu, a mortar for pounding, not ft.r triturat- 
ing (v. khu). cheng-chhu, a stick used for mixing 
mortar, &c. cheng-chhi (C), a pestle for a pounding 

cheng-tui, to work the pestle of a rice-mortar with 
the foot, cheng-bi, to clean rice in such a mortar, 
cheng-peh, to beat (rice) till white. 

cheng-chhoe, to beat and work soaked rice into 
dough, cheng-ku, to pound and work up rice for 
making the cakes called "ku;" and so with other cakes. 
cheng-i n , do. so as to make balls, cheng ioh-oan, 
to work up mixed medicines for pills. 

cheng-he, to beat mortar hard, as on a floor or 
drain, cheng chhau-phia", to beat straw cut small 
so as to mix it in mortar, cheng-chhiu", to beat the 
mud or clay mixed with lime (in a frame) in making a 
wall without stones or bricks at all; to build a mud- wall, 
&c, by pounding it in this way. 

CllCDg — cheng- -tioh, to run against, as per- 
son or thing. thau-khak sa n -cheng, knocking 
against each other's heads, sio-cheng-thau (C), id. 

Clldlg [R. minute, lively; also = col. chi n , chia", 
evil spirits], intelligent; acute (as hearing); animal 

cheng-sin, animal spirits; animated, lively; skilful 
(v. sin). cheng-eng, lively; intelligent (v. eng). 
cheng-thong, skilful at some special sort of work or 
business, cheng-kong, very finely made; very fine 
and accurate, as workmanship; very skilful, as at any 
work or at managing affairs, cheng-che, beautiful, 
as man or thing; very skilfully made, cheng-tl, 

made with very minute but distinct and beautiful work- 
manship; small and finely made. 

gan cheng, chhiu khoai, eye and hand very 
quick, as of thief or juggler. khoa"-cheng-cheng, 
to see accurately. khoa"-rh-cheng, to see indis- 
tinctly, hi-khang put-chi-cheng, hearing very 
acute. chhi"-mi n cheng; e-kau leng, blind people 
and dumb people are very skilful (said of people who 
cannot read, but who have a good memory for the money 
they pay out). 

kut-cheng, animal semen, eheng-tsui, id. tui- 
cheng, spermatorrhea, pef-cheng, assisting men to 
act lasciviously without injury, as medicine. hu- 
cheng ber-hiet, male and female generative principles 
(v. hiet). 

kok-cheng-chi, a medicine (v. kok). 

Cheng (R. id. ), (C. chin), kut-cheng-he toa, 
a severe form of seminal liux. 

Clldlg [R. a Buddhist priest], (Cn. chong). u-tsai- 
cheng, to have the rule of giving lodging and food for 
some days to travelling priests who have certificates, as 
some temples do. 

bit-to-cheng, litharge. 

Clieilg [R. seng, a domestic or sacrificial animal]. 
cheng-si n , domestic animals. na :i ti-kau cheng- 
si", as stupid as pigs, dogs, and cattle! (said in scolding.) 
ti-kau cheng-si", id. 

Cheng (C), =A. chiong. cheng-tong, distant 
cousins (v. tong). 

CheDg [R.fair weather, = col. chi n ]. hong cheng, 
u 1&, four states of the weather and sky, as in paint- 

Clieng (R. iong), (Cn.), = A. chheng, the banyan- 
tree, cheng-chhiu, id. (v. chh&ng); sometimes said 
also in Amoy. kang-cheng, a sort of banyan sup- 
posed to be male. 

Clieilg (R. siong), better "chhSng." cheng-peh, 
the fir-tree. 

Clieng (R. id.), circumstances; affairs; affections, 
feelings, desires, &c. 

sin-cheng, one's appearance or manner, as indicat- 
ing what he means to do. sim-cheng, the desires 
and feelings, seng-cheng, character and disposition, 
chhit-cheng, the seven affections and desires, chin- 
cheng, one's real thoughts and feelings, ther-chhut 
chin-cheng, to manifest one's real thoughts and feel- 
ings ; to speak the truth. 

cheng-goan, heartily willing (v. goan). goan- 
cheng, to forgive; having a forgiving disposition (v. 
goan). liong-cheng, to forgive; to act with gentle- 
ness or forbearance, leng-cheng chiu-si, no, I thank 
you (e.g. declining a present). 

tsoat-cheng, quite alienated in feelings, pok- 
cheng, having grown cold or ungrateful towards a 
friend (v. pok). bu-cheng, unkind; ungrateful, put- 
cheng, id. hoan-bin bu-cheng, suddenly ungrate- 
ful, or causelessly angry at a man who was our friend, 
hoan-bien bu-cheng, id. 

tsoe-cheng, to behave kindly; to do a favour, tsoe- 
cheng he'-lang, id. bo-sun-cheng, impartial (v. 
sun). liam--tioh i-e-cheng, in consideration for 
him, as doing a favour to a third party, hien-cheng, 
to do a favour to a third person at a friend's request. 
kong-cheng, to ask a favour for another, kiu- 
cheng, to beg for a favour, ti-cheng, grateful (v. 
ti). un-eheng, kindness; grace (v. un). 

jin-cheng, favour; kindness, bo-jin-cheng, want 








ing in kindness; unkind, bat-jin-cheng, grateful. 
goa u-jin-cheng ti-in-tau, he owes me a favour. 
kong jin-cheng, to ask a favour for another, tho- 
jin-eheng, id. he-jin-cheng, to claim the credit 
of having procured a favour to another (v. he), hoe- 
jin-cheng (C), id. hong-the - jin-cheng, charac- 
ter of people and customs of place. 

cheng-bien, influence with others (v. bien). u- 
cheng-gi, to be grateful, as to a friend (v. gi). 

ho-kheh-cheng, polite and kind to visitors, u- 
kheh - cheng, id. bo-kheh-cheng, wanting in 
politeness to visitors. 

cheng-i, temper: disposition, ho-eheng-i, having 
a kind and friendly manner; kind and polite, bo- 
cheng-i, cold, unpolite, or unfriendly. phai n -cheng- 
1, id. u-eheng-i, habitually kind and friendly. 

lff-cheng (Cn. ), interjection finding fault for breaking 
a thing, or for utterly spoiling an affair by mismanage- 
ment, or by letting out a secret. 

kien-keng siong-cheng, sympathy stirred by 
other's sorrows (v. k6ng). 

su-cheng, a matter; an affair, sit-cheng, the real 
facts of the case, cheng-iu, causes; circumstances. 
cheng-heng, state and circumstances of affair, cbeng- 
cbiet (r.), circumstances of affair, cheng-keng, cir- 
cumstances or condition, as of a place, person, or affair. 

an-cbeng, the circumstances of a lawsuit, cbbat- 
cheng beng-an, legal cases of robbery or murder. 
kang-cheng, work, as to its amount (v. kang). bang- 
cbeng, market price of goods (v. hang), tsai-cbeng, 
talent; ability, kun-cheng, affairs of an army; state 
and circumstances of an army, tham-kun-cheng, 
to make secret inquiries about state of army, as a spy; 
fig. of other matters. ta n -tham kun-cbeng, id. 

cbin-cbeng, to exert one's self to the utmost for 
another, chin-cheng ti-i, id. 

se-cheng, the ways of the people of the world, esp. 
prevailing character and customs of the people of a place, 
se-cheng-tai, usual customs, e.g. as to polite inter- 
course among friends, or as to idolatrous celebrations. 
khoa"-phoa se-cbeng, to see through and despise 
the world's ways, se-cbeng. khan leng-loan, the 
way of the world is to look whether a man is rich or 
poor, influential or not, and act accordingly, se-cheng 
leng-loan, id. 

cheng-li, the correct principles for right action in a 
case (v. li). 

Ch£llg (R. chien), (Cn. tsui n , T. ts&i", C. tsan, but 
P. cheng), before, in time or place ; former; front, 
cheng-au, before and after, of time or place (v. au). 

ehhui-cheng-6e, conventional polite phrases used 
when people meet. 

tsoeh-cheng, before the term or festival. sa n -ni"- 
cheng, three years ago. tsa-cheng, formerly; long 
ago. cheng-si, formerly, cheng-e, on a former 
occasion, cheng-pai, id. cheng-jit, a previous 
day. cheng-ni", a former year ; the former year, 
cheng-si, in a former life, cheng-tai, former gene- 
rations. cheng-lang-kia n , wife's son by former hus- 
band; husband's son by former wife. 

bak-cheng, before the eyes; at present, gien- 
cheng (C), at present. 

bin-cheng, in front of. pai bin-cheng-khia, 
to put on the appearance of great diligence or obedience 
in master's presence, or before some one whom we wish 
to please, e.g. by talking obsequiously, or working hard 
at that time, hiah-cheng, the forehead, heng- 
cheng, the breast; the bosom. 

cheng-thau, the front load on a pole; also (C), for- 
merly, cheng-thau boe ; au-tbau im, first to buy 
a great quantity of goods, and then lose heavily by a fall 
of price, cheng-bin, front side; the front, cheng- 
16b, front part of a house, cheng-ia", vanguard. 
cheng-kun, do. in march or action. 

chin-cheng, to advance; to go forward; also(C), 
formerly. cbi"-cheng, to strive hard to be first, as in 
a race, tsoe-cheng, please walk first, kia" tsoe- 
cheng, to walk first, tsoe-cheng seng-lai, to 
arrive first, tsoe-thau-cheng, to walk first, kun- 
cbeng, to approach, hiong-cheng, facing forwards. 

Ch^llg [R. a well, = col. chi"]. cheng-ti-oa (frog 
at bottom of well), an inexperienced fellow. 

ClltMlg (R. id), to put in order; to adorn; to fit out 
or set up, as boat or school; to invest, as capital. 

tsoe-cheng, neatly arranged, as furniture or dress, 
&c. ; in good regular order, as teeth, che-cheng, id. 
cheng-tsoe, to put in order, cheng-cbe, id. tui- 
nge" cheng-tsoe, the ranks in good order. 

siu-cbeng, to repair; to set in order; to beautify. 
ta n -cheng, to adorn one's self, cheng-tun, to put 
in good order, cheng-thek, do. as one's person or 
house, cheng-thit (0.), id. cheng-li, to arrange 

cheng-ke - , to beat drums just before a play, cheng- 
hl, to engage a company of actors to play. sa n -kap- 
cbeng, to do so together, &c. cheng-6h, to set up 
a school, as the patron (tong-ka) does, cheng tsu- 
pang, id. cheng-tsun, to fit out a vessel with all 
its fittings, goods, &c, as owner or charterer does. 
cheng chbat-tsun, to fit out a pirate vessel, cheng- 
piin, to invest capital, bo-chi" thang-cheng, have 
no capital to invest, goa ka-li cheng-chi", I ad- 
vance the money, paying expenses for you, as a favour, 
not expecting interest. 

Cll^ng (R. chi6ng), (P. chi6ng), to swell; a swelling. 
cheng-cheng, swollen; dropsical, ham-cheng, very 
much swollen; dropsical, kha cheng, leg swollen, 
ni" cheng, the breast (of any one) swollen by disease. 
cheng-ni n , breasts of a girl grown to full size, when 
about come of age. 

ng-cheng, jaundice. 

Cll^ng (C), = A. tsiig. cbeng-kah, finger nails. 

Ch^Ilg [R. thi6n, to destroy], ( = chin). p§--cheng 
thien-but, to misuse things by a wasteful or lavish 

Cll^Ilg [R. chi6ng, embers], he - cheng, live 
embers or coals for kindling a fire; the spark of a con- 

Cll^llg (R. chi6ng), (C. chi6ng, esp. P.), seed, of 
any sort; posterity. 

han-tsu-cheng, potato slips, chhek- cheng, 
seed rice, cheng-chi, seed of plants, ia-cheng, to 
sow seed, esp. broadcast (v. ia). cbim-cheng, to soak 
the seed before sowing. 

tsu-cheng, scab of small-pox, for inoculation. 

phah-cheng (vulg. ), to copulate, as animals, tsap- 
cbeng, a bastard, tsap-cheng-kia", id. 

cheng- lui, descendants, i-e cheng-tsak, his own 
real posterity (v. tsak). tboan-cheng, to leave pos- 
terity, cbeh-cbeng, posterity all exterminated. 

bong-cheng, one of the 24 terms of the solar year, 
a fortnight before midsummer; June 6th or 7th. bong- 
cheng-he-, rain on that day, supposed to cause drought. 
bong-cheng, h§: lak-geh, he-sio-per, if it rain 
on that day, the grass will all be burned up in the sixth 










moon, bong-cbeng-iab, tbo-bo-chiah, insects 
tliat come out about this term are too late to get food. 

Clieilg (R. ehiung), (C. chi6ng), to sow, esp. by 
carefully dropping the seeds; to set, as potatoes or as 
shell-fish; (to inoculate or vaccinate). 

cbeng-tsob, to cultivate the ground; to farm, tsai- 
cbeng, to sow and plant out; to plant in general, 
cbeng-tau, to sow leguminous plants, cbeng-beb- 
tau, to sow wheat, barley, pease, and beans. 

cbeng-tsu, to inoculate ; to vaccinate. cbeng 
tb&-kui, to set beds of the shell-fish called thtr-kui. 

clieilg (R. id.) kan-cbeng, to expostulate with 
a superior, and exhort him to reform, as son to father, 
or minister to sovereign. 

Clieilg [K. testimony], (C. chin), kan-cbeng, 
testimony; evidence given by a witness, tsoe-kan- 
cbeng, to give testimony, tsoe-cbeng, id. tsoe- 
cbeng-ki' 1 , to give evidence of what we have seen, 
cbeng-ku, evidence of what we have seen, tui- 
cbeng, to examine and compare the evidence on both 
sides (s. disease). sa n -tui-cbeng, id. 

cllCIlg (R. id., = col. chia"), correct; right, cbeng- 
tsong, correct in conduct, cbeng-keng, correct and 
right, as actions, person, or principles; honest, virtuous, 
moral, m-cbeng-keng-bong, an unsteady trou- 
blesome wind, cbeng-tit, upright; honest; straight- 
forward ; just, cbeng-kbi, virtuous; just, put- 
cheng, depraved, su-cbeng, correct, as in conduct. 
toan-bong su-cbeng, id. cbeng-tbo, safe to have 
to do with, as man or affair. 

cheng-li, correct doctrine or principles, cbeng- 
kau, do. ; a moral and correct sect or school, cbeng- 
boat, to execute a criminal; right way or plan (v. boat). 

cbeng-sin, any idol regularly canonized or very 
widely worshipped; esp. thff-tl-kong (v. sin), (s. all). 

sia-cbeng, depraved and correct; false and true (as 
doctrine); bad and good in character or conduct, sia- 
cbeng put-liong-lip, the good and the bad cannot 
live long together, kbi-sia kui-cbeng, to reform 
one's self, sia put-tau-cbeng, the evil or false can- 
not resist or overcome the true or good. 

dieng (R. id. ), a disease. pi n -cbeng, id. cbeng- 
tbau, do. toa-cbeng-tbau, a severe and dangerous 
chronic disease. pbai"-cbeng-thau, a very dangerous 
disease, almost certainly and speedily mortal. pbai"- 
cbeng, id. pbai"-kia n -cbeng, venereal disease. 
kin-cbeng, a sudden dangerous disease, as cholera, 
&c. kin-kip-cbeng, id. si-kbi-cbeng, an epi- 
demic, pbiab-cbeng, a disease to which a man is 
constitutionally liable, si-cbeng, a mortal disease. 
loe-cbeng, a deep internal disease, jiet-cbeng, 
fever, im-cbeng, a deep-seated pain causing a swell- 
ing that often lasts several months and does not come to 
a head, gen. inside of thigh, si" im-cbeng, to have 
such a swelling. 

tui-cbeng, suited to the disease, as medicine (s. 
testimony). kboa"-cbeng, to examine the disease; 
to visit a patient, tsap-cbeng tsoe-kbi, taking 
many diseases at once. 

Cllfcng (R. chiong), (C. chi6ng), all, esp. said of 
persons, cbeng-lang, all the people; everybody; very 
many people, cbeng-peb-si", all the people. 

cbeng-sin, all the spirits (s. correct), cbeng-sin- 
beng, id. cbeng-kong-ma, a shrine containing 
numerous tablets of persons who have no posterity. 

cheng-bang, all sorts or kinds, cbeng-bang- 
mih", all sorts of things. 


kong-cbeng, public, common; possessed or shared 
in common, kong-cbeng-le, a public road, keng- 
cbeng, common to a ward or division of a town, as 
idols or idolatrous ceremonies, toa-ke kbau-cbeng, 
family very large. 

6e-ki"-cheng — tit, fit for the view of all men, as 
person or matter all correct, not afraid of publicity. 
6e-kien-cbeng--tit, id. boe-ki n -cbeng--tit, not 
fit to be looked into, as a matter that is shameful or that 
has a serious flaw, boe-kien-tit-cbeng, id. boe- 
ki n -tit-cbeng, id. boe-kbam--tit ki"-cbeng, id. 
lien-boe si-cbeng, utterly disgraced for ever in the 
sight of all men, as for some vile action (v. hoe). 

cllCllg [R. government], cbeng-su, government; 
government matters, pan cbeng-su, to manage go- 
vernment matters. put-tsai ki-ui, put-be ki- 
cbeng, not being in office, I do not meddle with govern- 
ment matters; that is not my affair. 

pff-cbeng-si, the provincial treasurer (v. pe - ). tsun- 
cbeng, superintendent of arsenal and naval docks, as 
at Fuh-chau. tsun-cbeng-tbia", id. 

Cllfcllg (R. chien), (T. tsai n ; Cn. tsui"; C. tsan; 
but P. cheng). ka-cbeng, a sort of straw mat. 
cbbau-cbeng, a very coarse sort of mat put under 
bedding to make it warm and soft, tsang-cbeng, a 
mat made of palm fibre. koa n -cbeng, a coarse under- 
mat made of the reed called "koa"," esp. put under the 

Cheng [R. cheng, to add], cbeng-tsui, to mix 
water, as with wine or milk, for adulteration, cbeng- 
tang, to adulterate (s. cleanse), ke-cbeng-tang, to 
charge a little more than the real weight (?). 

Cheilg (R. id.), quiet; silent; still. cbeng- 
cheng, very quiet; be quiet! li cbeng-cbe, sit still 
now ! an-cbeng, enjoying peace and quiet, peng- 
cbeng, at peace and all tranquil, as a region or as the 
sea. bong-peng long-cbeng, windsand wavesquiet. 
peng-bong cbeng-long, id. bong-tbiam long- 
cbeng, id. tbiam-cbeng, quiet in taste and habits; 
not fond of gaiety or much talking or company, tiam- 
cbeng, id. cbeng-sim, quiet steady mind; not fond 
of meddling. 

tong-cbeng, to raise a subject; to start a question. 

sok-cbeng, quiet; still, as a place, leng-cbeng, 
lonely; desolate; too quiet and dull, as a neighbour- 
hood, cbeng-tsaub, still, as a place, cbip-cbeng, 
(r.), id. cbeng kau-tiig-sin-pe tng-bang-bau, 
so quiet that not even a fly or mosquito is heard. 

Clieilg [R. pure; to cleanse]; net, as weight; to 
cleanse or purify ceremonially by passing over burning 
incense (called "cheng-hiu n "), &c, as hands after touch- 
ing something defiling; or as clothes after a funeral, or 
before marriage or worship. 

cbbeng - cbeng, clean; pure, put-tek kan- 
cbeng, can never get out of the trouble, cbeng-tsiii- 
koah, white grass-cloth, cbeng-pbang, finest white 
bleached grass-cloth. 

cbeng, joa-tsoe, how much net weight? cbeng- 
sit, net, as calculated, cbeng-tang, net weight, as 
calculated; rather more is given (s. add). 

soe-cheng, to cleanse ceremonially, as after a burial, 
&c. cbeng-biu", purifying incense used for this pur- 
pose, cbeng-tsun, to perform rites for the good-luck 
of a boat or junk, cbeng-iu, to purify (as Tauist 
priests do) by oil and wood in a rice-boiler; also, light- 
ing a lamp and cutting it off with a knife, cbeng- 
iu tab-be, to do this and walk over a fire. 






dli [R. ki, muscular flesh], seng-chi-san, a 
powder for sprinkling on sores, to assist in the forma- 
tion of healthy flesh. 

Clli [only R.], it, him, them, &c. ; also "of," only 
used in book phrases become colloquial or half so. 

Clli (R. id.) leng-chi-chhau, a fabulous plant 
of good omen, lien-chi-chho, id. tsu-chi, gun- 
ponder tea. 

Chi (R. name of several plants, e.g. =col. ki n , Gar- 
denia), chi-tsu, a cooling medicinal seed, pien- 
chi, the Bombax or cotton-tree, sometimes erroneously 
called a magnolia, pien-chi-hoe, id. pan-chi- 
hoa (C), id. 

Clli [R. to separate; a clan; the 65th radical], some 
of the phrases are sometimes interchanged with the 
next word. 

te-chi, the twelve characters for the double hours of 
the day and night, thien-kan te-chi, that cycle of 
twelve along with the cycle of ten, used in combination 
to make the cycle of sixty years. 

chi-phai (11.), a division of a clan; a tribe, 
chi-chhi, to help a little so as to keep matters from 
going wrong, chi-li, to bear the responsibility, as for 
a debt or for the management of an affair (v. li). chi- 
li, troublesome to set right, as an affair; troublesome to 
deal with, as a man constantly insisting on trifles, or 
raising new objections, chi-chi li-li, id. 

Clli [R. = col. ki, a branch], to-chi-chiet, trouble- 
some to deal with, as a man or matter (v. chiet). 

nai"-chi, the lichi or laichi fruit, le-chi (C), id. 
nui n -chi (Cn.), id. 

Clli (R. id.) ien-chi, rouge, used for painting the 
lips, ien-chi-hoe, a flower of bright-red colour, ka 
ien-chi, to moisten the rouge with the lips before 
painting with it. tiam-ien-chi, to paint with rouge. 
Clli (vulg.), the female organ; the vulva, chi- 
bai, id. 

Clli [R. a limb], su-chi, the four limbs: arms and 
legs, su-chi ng6-koan, the members of the body, 
su-chi pek-hai, id. 

Clli (R. tsu), small round soft cakes, esp. of glutinous 
rice, soe-a-chi, do. made with millet, cbhoe-hun- 
chi, do. with rice-flour, tau-chi, do. with pulse in- 
side, tsut-bi-chi, such cakes of glutinous rice. moa n - 
chi, do. of hemp-seed, sugar, and rice. moa n -chi-ker, 
paste made of these cakes softened, used for shoes, &c. 
khi-chi (Cn.), dried persimmons, 
nrig-chi-chi, soft and tenacious, as a cake; weak, 
as a delicate child (v. niig). 

Chi (C.), = A. tsu, potatoes, &c. 
Clli — be-chi, a roundish black sweet root, boe- 
chi (C), id. be-chi-hun, a cooling flour like starch 
made from it. soa n -be-chi, a trailing shrub with 
lance-shaped leaves: the root is used for poisoning dogs 
and birds; the juice is used for corroding brass. 
Clli (C), = A. tsft. chiu n -chi, sort of toad. 
CM (R. tsu), (T. ji). l&-chi, the cormorant. 
Clli (R. id.), an imperial decree, chi-i, id. seng- 
chi, id. seng-chi-pai, a tablet worshipped by man- 
darins, seng-chi-chhui, said of a man who will not 
change the price he has named, gek-chi, treason. 
gek-chi khi-kun, id. hok-chi, to report to the 
emperor having fulfilled his commands, kiau-chi, id. 
hoat-chi, the (Tauist) commands of Lau-tsze. hut- 
chi. the commands of Buddha, giok-chi, commands 
of Yuh-hwang Shang-ti. 

Clli (I!, id.) chi-khak, a medicine. 
C-lli (R. id.) peh-chi, a medicinal root good for 
headache (Iris or orris root V). 

Clli — chi-kiu", =chi n -kiu", young soft ginger- 
shoots with a purplish white tinge. 

Clli [R. tsu, purple], chi-sek, dark purple colour. 
chi-hoe, nankeen cloth, chi-hoe-pe - , id. 

chi-keng, a tree with red flowers (v. keng). chi- 
ju, a yellow wood for furniture, chi-se - , a cooling 
medicine, chi-chhai, a broad sea-weed (tangle X) used 
for food, chi-kim-tia", a medicine made up in form 
of a gold ingot (v. tia"). 

chi-bi tai-te, the god of a star (v. hi), chi-iong, 
the temple of Choo-he, the commentator (and school), 
in E-miig-kang. 

Clli [R. tsu, a son, seed], a seed; fruit; a small ball 
or bullet; bars or rails in windows or stairs, &c. ; affix 
in forming several names of trades and other nouns. 

jit-chi, a day. kien-chi-bah, meat of the ham. 
sio-liap-chi, a very little man. kai-chi, a square 
bit of wood used by Buddhist priests for striking on the 
table between the prayers (s. finger; s. land-mark). 
hong-chi, a small square bit of wood with which man- 
darins strike the table of the tribunal when scolding the 
people before them. thg-hong-chi, to strike the 
table with it. 

kah-chi, the cyclical characters (v. kah). b6-chi, 
the abbreviated numeral characters, used like the Arabic 
numerals; sort of counters used in gambling; very low 
sort of servants, especially in a bad house, chhia" b£- 
chi (in Ti6-thoa), to hire labourers. 

t&-chi, a man who prepares feasts to order; a keeper 
of a cook-shop, kim-chi, a door-keeper in a prison 
(s. prevent), tang-chi, an idolatrous juggler, or sor- 
cerer, or fakeer, who cuts himself, &c. 

ki-chi, chess-men. er-peh-chi, chess-men having 
32 of each colour, chhun-chi, the "cat" or small 
stick struck in the game of tipcat (v. chhun). 

cheng-chi, seed, ke-chi, fruit, koe-chi (C), 
id. koe-chi, melon seeds. 

koe soe, chi sek, the melon is small, but has good 
seeds; said of a man who looks small, but is older or has 
more in him than appears, chhiu-chi, wild nuts and 
fruits of trees, chheng-chi, the fruit of the banyan. 
chhi n -chi, the nut of the indigo plant, chi-a-chhiu 
(P.), the wax-tree. 

hi-chi, fish roe. him-chi, bits of stone that stand 
for bear's cubs in a game (v. him). 

io-chi, the kidneys, bak-chiu-chi, the ball of 
the eye. sien-chi, the testes. shg-poa n -chi, the 
balls of an abacus, chheng-chi, a bullet or ball of a 
gun or cannon, ien-chi, a lead bullet. toa n -chi, 
balls or pellets shot from toy bows, to-chi, weights 
for scales, &c. 

ka-chi, a rod used in twisting a rope tight (v. ka). 
soan-chi, the instrument for torturing women's fingers, 
lau-thui-chi, the steps of a ladder. sia n -to-chi, 
battlements, ke-a-chi, upright bars of a frame, as in 
shop's counter, bak-sa-chi, rails of a high wooden 
railing, than-kha-chi, rails of a railing cut almost 
in two by long longitudinal slits, thang-a-chi, up- 
right bars in awindow. soe-chi-thang, window with 
upright built bars. hoe-thang-chi, ornamental 
trellis tiles, gan-chi-tsng, small fire-bricks for such 
work, hang-le-chi, perforated face of a hand-fur- 

Clli (C), = A. tsu, to cook. 







Cllf (C), = A. tsu, a lord; only in some phrases, esp. 
those originally book phrases transferred to the colloquial, 
e.g. buk-ehi, thien-chi-kau, &c. 

Cllf [It. only], a bundle of idolatrous paper, 
chi, a small bundle of idolatrous paper fastened together; 
gen. about 20 sheets, counted as 50; but in the case of 
"khtf-chi"," each "chi" is counted as ten thousand! 

chi-u, there is only; there are only. 

CHI (It. id.) chi-hi-a, a small fish like trout. 
chi-a-hi, id. ehi-bu (C), id. chi-hu (Cn.), id. 

Cllf (R. id.) kai-chi, a land-mark; a boundary 
stone (s. finger, s. son), tso-chi, place of residence, 
as set down in a deed, or in an address given for a letter, 
khui tso-chi, to put down one's address, as above. 

Cill [It. a finger], to point at; to point out; (a ring). 

chi-bek, to write characters or draw sketches with 
one's nail dipped in ink (v. bek). 

chhiu-chi, a finger-ring, chhiu-chi-sok, rings 
worn as guards on each side of the principal ring, pan- 
chi, a thumb-ring, as for archery, kai-chi (It.), a 
finger-ring (s. landmark, s. son). 

chha-ehi, a very small bundle of firewood, costing 
about two cash. 

tui-ehi, the two parties making statements face to 
face, tng-bin chi, id. 

chi-tiam, to instruct ; to give information about 
some matter, chi-si, to point out; to teach, chi- 
beng (R.), to explain clearly, as a book or doctrine. 

Cllf [R. embroidery], chiam-chi, needlework; em- 
broidery, ho-chiam-chi, good embroidery; a good 
sempstress; good needlework. 

Cill (R. che), this; these, chi-kui-e, these several 
(persons, &c.) chi-tso, this time or occasion, ti- 
chi-tau (T. Cn.), here, chi-ptr (T.), now. 

Cllf — pai-chi, gaudy, as house or dress ; proud 
self-satisfied bearing; wearing fine dress, and putting on 
proud airs, as being successful or powerful. 

Cllf [It. to prevent, to stop], to allay; to stanch; (to 
terminate; to hinder). 

put-chi, very. put-chi-ho, very good, u-ti- 
chi, to have a limit, bound, or termination, as an affair 
of which we can say, this is the last of it. bo-ti-chi, 
without any limit, as inordinate covetousness or wicked- 
ness; or as a hopeless calamity, or endless borrowing of 
money, or any affair that never comes to an end. chiet- 
chi, to terminate, as a payment at stated times, ui- 
chi, to be the limit; only so far as this, kau-chia 
ui-chi, it comes so far, and no farther (as a piece of 
ground, &c. ) 

heng-chi, behaviour (v. heng). heng-tong ku- 
chi. id. 

ehi-pe\ to stop in walking, as at a door or notice to 
stop (s. this), tser-chi, to prevent; to hinder. noa n - 
chi, id. kim-chi, (r.) to forbid, (s. son), at-chi, 
to repress; to keep from action; to restrain, as others, 
or as one's own feelings and desires, chi-tien hau- 
siok, to close a pawn-shop, and wait a fixed time to let 
the goods be redeemed. 

chi-ki, to alleviate hunger; to appease its cravings 
slightly, chi-khoah, to quench thirst, chi-khat, 
id. chi-chhui-ta, id. chi-thia", to allay pain. 
ehi-sia, to cure diarrhoea, chi-au, to cure the ten- 
dency to vomit, chi-huih, to stanch blood, huih 
chi, the blood is stanched. 

Cllf [R. the toes], tang-chi, a sort of frost-bite or 
chilblain; gen. on foot or ear. si" tang-chi, to have 



this frost-bite, kha si" tang-chi, foot frost-bitten, 
esp. on heel. 

Cllf [R. sui, col. tsiii, water.] hg-chi-kio, a plant 
(v. kio). 

Cllf [R- elder sister], also (C), = A. che, suffix to 
names of women. 

toa-chi, elder sister, tong-toa-chi, elder female 
cousin of the same surname, chi-be, sisters, eldei 
and younger; a sister, in general. chi-mai n (P.), id. 
chi-moe" (C. ), id. piau-chi-be, female cousins by 
their mother's side, she being sister of our father 01 
mother, i-piau chi-be, daughter of mother's sister. 
ker-piau chi-be, daughter of father's sister. 

chi-hu, elder sister's husband, chi-per (Cn.), id. 
chi-tiu" (Cn.), id. sang-ke-chi (T.), an old woman 
who accompanies a bride to teach her what to do. 

Cllf [R. purpose, will], u-ehi, decided in purpose, 
to do what is right or noble, and avoid what is mean or 
shameful, bo-chi, idle and lazy; without proper spirit, 
chi-khi, purpose; will; intention, u-chi-khi, having 
self-respect, or sense of honour, or proper spirit, so as 
not to do what is mean or dishonourable, sim-chi, 
purpose; intention; will, kien-sim lip-chi, with fixed 
determination, bo-sim-chi, undecided in purpose, 
tsoan-sim ti-chi, to apply one's mind earnestly. 

lip-chi, with determination; stedfastly. "hun-chi, 
with energy and earnestness (v. him), lok-chi, faint- 
hearted; dispirited, loe-chi, id. sui-thau song- 
chi (R.), dispirited and hanging one's head. 

chi-liong toa, aiming high, as a student who aims 
at high rank. 

oan-chi, a medicinal plant (Polygala tenuifolia?). 
oan-chi-jiok, do. after its long fibres have been pulled 

Clli — tai-chi, business; any affair or matter 
esp. troublesome, bo-tai-chi, nothing wrong, pan 
tai-chi, to manage an affair or dispute so as to arrange 
it, or try to do so. 

Clli [R. to record], historical and statistical works 
(in this sense interchanged with "purpose"), chiang- 
chiu-chi, statistical account of Chang-chew, e-mng- 
chi, statistical account of Amoy. 

bong-chi-beng, an engraved stone put inside a 

Clli [R. to reach to, to arrive], extremely — ; sign of 
superlative; a beat of the pulse. 

chiu-chi, all the arrangements quite correct (v. chiu). 
bu-se" put-chi, addicted to all sorts of wickedness. 
heng-heng su-chi, perversely wicked. 

chi-u, with regard to (v. u). kip-chi kau-hit- 
si, when that (past) time came, sim-chi kau an- 
ni n , even to that extent (R. ), (v. sim). 

chi-tsun, most honourable, chi-toa, greatest, 
kau-chi-kek, to the very utmost. 

he-chi, midsummer day, June 20th or 21st. tang- 
chi, the shortest day. 

kui-chi-m£h n , how many beats (of the pulse)? he"- 
khip kui-chi, how many beats of the pulse for one 
expiration and inspiration] four or five counted healthy. 

Clli — i-chi, dirty; filthy. 

Clli (R. id.) chi-kien, a present given to a teacher 
on engaging him, additional to salary; a fee to a doctor 
when first called, repeated after two or three visits. 
chi-kien-le, id. 

Clli (C.), = A. che. chi-tai, governor-general. 

Clli (C), = A. tsu. ka-chi, a straw bag. 







1-3 tl 






CllI (C), = A. tsu (to assemble). 

Chi, to lick, tham-chiah e-lang, lien-oa" 

iah-chi, a greedy man licks even the bowl after eating, 
kau chi chien-poa"; phi" u, chiah-bo, the dog 
licks the frying-pan, getting the flavour but no food. 
Clli [R. si, to be], chi-tsui, who? chi-tsui-a, id. 
CllI (R. id.), (Cn. stt), a cyclical character, chi-si, 
the double hour, 9-11 a.m. ki-chi. a year of the 
cycle, 1869 was one of them; these two characters are 
very similar. 

CllI — chi-bu-chi-tsu, to talk indistinctly; to 

Clli" [R. cheng, rock-crystal]. te-chi", tea-coloured 
rock-crystal, used for dark spectacles, er-chi", a darker 
crystal. tsui-chi n , clear rock-crystal. tsui-chi"-ku, 
turtle-shaped cakes, made of rice, with white stuffing 
made of legumes. tsui-chi"-a", this stuffing, tsui- 
chi"-pia°, another sort of cake, made from wheat. 

CllI" [R. cheng, = col. ti n , the heel], eng-kha- 
chi" td-that, to give a kick backward with the heel. 
eng kha-au-chi" to-that, id. 

Clli", a wedge; to wedge; to press out oil by use of 
wedges. chi"-khui, to open by wedges. chi"-iu, to 
press out oil from seeds by a machine worked by wedges. 
Clli", = chi", to pull the ears, chi" hi-a, id. 
Clli" (R. cheng), (C. che"), to quarrel; to dispute; to 
strive. chi"-chhan, to quarrel or dispute about land, 
chi" ke-he, to quarrel about dividing family property. 
her — i chi" — khi, to have the place we expected taken 
from us by him. sa"-chi", to quarrel, dispute, or strive, 
sio-che" (C), id. tau-sa"-chi", to strive for victory 
or superiority. sa"-chi" tai-seng, to strive who shall 
be first. sa"-chi"-than, great competition in trade, 
so that the profits are very small. sa"-chi" pun-toa- 
hun, to take the largest share. 

Clli" — mi"-chi n , very persevering, argent, and 
unremitting or importunate, esp. in asking. mi"-chi"- 
thak, very diligent at study. mi"-chi n siu"-chi", 
determined on gain, tioh khah-mi"-chi n , should 
be more urgent and unremitting. 

Clli" (R. chien), felt and such stuffs. chi"-bo, a 
felt cap. chi"-tiau, a rug or mat like a carpet, chher- 
chi n , coarse woollen stuff like serge, iu-chi", a fine 
woollen stuff from the north. chia"-chi", to get into 
a clotted mass, as uncombed hair, &c. kiet-chia"- 
chi", id. 

Clli" [R. cheng, minute, fine], (C. chia"), evil spirits 
that take any form; too sharp and cunning, as a man. 
iau-chi", malicious demons in Protean shapes, tioh- 
chi", bewitched, tsoa-chi", a demon in form of snake, 
chiau-chi", a demon in shape of a bird ; said of a man 
who is too sharp. chia"-chi", to become such a demon ; 
to be quite too sharp in dealings. chia"-lang-chi n , 
to be quite too sharp; fond of intrigue and deceit, most 
usually of a young fellow about twenty, put-chi- 
chi", id. chi"-kui, do. as a young person. 

Clli" (R. cheng), (C. che"), fair weather; fine weather, 
thi" chi", id. h& chi", the rain has cleared off. poa"- 
im poa"-chi", dark clouds and sunshine mixed, with 
perhaps sometimes a little rain. 

Clli" — ni"-chi", the eaves of a house. ni n -chi n - 
tsui, water from the eaves. ni"-chi"-keng, bamboo 
gutter at the eaves. ni"-chi"-khi6, id. ni"-chi"- 
khau, the space of ground covered by the eaves, and a 
little more. chi"-khau, id. chi"-khau-kong, the 
guardian spirit or god of the eaves. chi"-khau hu- 

jin, the goddess of the eaves, worshipped at many 

chhut-chi", to have wide projecting eaves (s. cash). 

clli" — chiu"-chi", troublesome behaviour of chil- 
dren (esp. towards parents) pressing on people, wishing 
to be fondled or petted. kek-chiu"-chi", pretending 
to be ill, &c, so as to get fondled. ke-chiu"-chi", id. 

Clli", = chi", to pull the ears. 

Clli" (R. chien), a round coin; a copper or brass cash; 
a mace weight, =ten "hun;" one-tenth of atael; money 
in general; a surname. chia"-chi", about one mace; 
a good deal of money, than — khi chia"-chi", to earn 
a good deal of money. 

phu-chi", the round flat socket for a lamp-wick, 
either floating or fixed, ham-khak-chi", cockle-shells 
used by children in games of chance, gun-kiig-chi", 
silver medals worn as charms. 

lien-chi", a solid wheel without spokes, esp. for 
grinding in a long trough-shaped mortar, lien-chi", 
to twirl a cash; to get money by intimidation or such 

chi n -chhu, a sort of rat (v. chhu). chi"-ker, a 
tambourine (v. ke - ). 

chit-chi", one mace weight. chit-chi"-tang, do. 
chit-chi"-gu.n, one mace of silver; one-tenth of a tael 
of silver. sa"-chi"-ji, three mace and two candareens. 
chi"-hu (Cn.), a receipt for a mace or more of land-tax. 

gun-chi", a dollar, teng-chi", bad dollars (full 
of brass or copper), tiong-chi", half a dollar, tiong- 
chi", brokerage commission for selling goods (v. tiong). 
tang-chi", best copper or brass cash, ang-chi", good 
copper cash, but not so good as the above. chi"-phi, 
small bad thin cash. chi"-phi-a, id. lak-ji-chi n , 
cash with six characters (current everywhere), kong- 
tiong e-chi", cash with four characters (not current 
at Fuh-chau). gai-chi", bad cash, ien-chi", lead 
counterfeit cash; also, small cash fastened in dress of 
bride and bridegroom, ien-chi", the cash collected by 
subscription, he-sio-chi", bad cash burned to make 
them look good, kim-pien-chi", large good cash. 

bu-chi", principal, capital lent, pun-chi", capital; 
also, the member's ticket of the Small Knife Society or 
Triads, lai-chi", interest, kang-chi", wages, ke- 
chi", price. tsai-chi u , freight, chiu-chi", money 
paid for bringing a letter or small parcel, &c; a small 
cumshaw. boe-te-chi", id. le-chi", black -mail levied 
on a road. b6e-l§-chi", id. khioh-le-chi", to levy 
blackmail, chhiu-be-chi", a cash hung from the wrist 
by a white string; sign of mourning. 

chi"-po, a sort of gambling (v. p6). phak-chhio- 
chi", to toss odds and evens, chiu-chi"-l0•, a slave 
to money; a miser. ki"-chi n -si, very covetous, chi" 
si-kha; lang nhg-kha, money has four legs to your 
two, don't run after it. 

chi"-be, balance in hand. chi n -niu", land-tax; 
soldiers' pay (v. niu"). le-chi", rates levied by man- 
darins or underlings for allowing forbidden things (v. 
le). chi"-kek, a government bank. chi"-phio, a 
bank note for cash. chi' 1 -tiam, a money changer's 
shop. chi"-kui, a long money-chest. chi"-tang, a 
till, made of a bamboo. chi"-tso, a frame for count- 
ing cash. chi n -khg, twine such as is used for stringing 
cash. chi"-chheng, a long bag for cash, chi"- 
chheng-kah, a vest with money pocket, chit-kat- 
chi", a string of a few cash. chit-koa"-chi", a string 
of several hundred cash, chit-tiau-chi" (r. esp. 
mand.), a string of a thousand cash, chit-tiau-chi", 
an item of money to be paid or collected. 






chi"-sia", the denomination of copper cash (v. sia n ). 
chi"-tsai, wealth. chi"-gun, money. chi"-chha, 
do. chi"-tsui. do. as to quantity (v. tsiii). chi"- 
thau, money in general, as to quantity; also, a sort of 
fish. chi"-thau khah-an, in want of funds, u-chi"- 
lang, a wealthy man. 

tat-chi", valuable. tsu-chi", to cast cash in the 
mint. nng-chi"-khang. too sharp at making money. 
than-chi", to earn or make money, tsoan-chi", do. ; 
may also be said of beggars. khit-chi n , to ask or beg 
money, tho-chi", to demand money due us. siu- 
chi n , to collect money, as debts or subscriptions, sa- 
chi", to sweep up cash with the hand, as on a table; to 
borrow money from many places. siau-chi", to count 
cash, keng-chi", to select good cash from bad. tui- 
chi", to transfer money by a bill or draft, &c, either 
paying or receiving. 

chhut-chi", to spend money; to pay expenses; to 
offer a price (s. eaves), seng-chhut-chi", to advance 
money, liau-chi", to spend money, phoa-chi", to 
waste money lavishly, or spend it very freely, sai- 
chi n , to spend money, eng-chi", id. eng-gong- 
chi n , to spend fool's pence. gau-iu"-chi n , spendthrift. 
su-chi n , to lose money in gambling, chiah-si-chi", 
to live on one's capital or property, so that it gradually 
wastes away. siu"-chi n , to give money as a reward, 
sioh-chi", to use money carefully. the-chi", become 
less profitable than formerly, as a shop. 

tsoa-chi", idolatrous paper money (v. tsoa)'. kim- 
chi", yellow do. for gold, peh-chi", white do. for 
worshipping "kui." khe-chi", paper money, in short 
slips, with long incisions, for worship of the dead (v. klitc). 
ke-tai-chi", bundles of long shreds.of idolatrous paper 
(v. tai). tfig-chi" (Cn.), id. chi"-l&, a furnace for 
burning idolatrous paper (v. 1&). 

Clli" — chi"-a, a pigeon. 

Clli" — an-chi" (T.), thus, = an-chi n -si. 

Clll n (R. cheng), (C. che"), a well, tsui-chi", a 
well. chi"-tsui, well water. chi n -noa", a well curb. 
clii"-sin, presiding spirit of a well. to-chi n , to clean 
out a well, khui-chi", to sink a well, khui-chi" 
puih-tsoa", to draw off a neighbour's custom by an 
opposition shop, &c. (v. tsoa"). 

lit-chi", the upper end of the halyard where it is 
tied to the sail. 

so-chi", a cesspool for slops. he-chi", a vault for 
safety from fire. 

thi n -chi", a skylight window. lau-chi", an open- 
ing for a trap-door in an, upper story. leng-her-chi", 
space at door of a temple, chhim-chi", the open area 
in the centre of a house. chhim-chi"-tau, frame- 
work of bamboo poles over this opening to guard against 
thieves. chhim-chi"-ta, id. 

Clll", tender, young, delicate (of men, animals, shoots 
of plants,&c. ) iu-chi", young, as person. chi n -chhioh, 
id. lau chi", old and young, sek chi", stiff or hard, 
and soft, as branches, &c. thng chi' 1 , the sugar is 
boiled soft, not hard or stiff. 

chi"-kiu", =chi-kiu n , young esculentshootsof ginger. 

Clli" (C. che"), to contradict or dispute doggedly. 
sa"-chi n , to wrangle. ch.i n -bo, doggedly deny what 
is really true. chi"-ji, to dispute about the sound or 
meaning of a word. au-chi n , doggedly maintain the 
wrong side of a quarrel, kiong-kiong-chi", id. 
chi"-chhui, long and animated disputing and contra- 
dicting. chi"-chhui chi n -chih, id. chi"-si, dog- 
gedly deny the truth. chi"-si chi"-oah, id. chi"- 

ia", to win in the debate. chi"-su, to lose in the debate. 
chi"-cheng, to strive hard to be first, as in a race. 
chi"-tsde-thau, id. 

Clll" (R. chien), an arrow, keng-chi", bow and 
arrow. keng-chi"-koan, a school for archery, keng- 
chi"-tui, the company of archers in an army; military 
mandarins are usually selected from them, liam-keng 
tah-chi", to take the bow and draw the arrow ready to 
shoot, tah-chi", id. an-keng tah-chi n , id. 

hi-chi", arrows stuck 1.. the ears of criminals, esp. 
soldiers, chhah hi-chi", to put such arrows in their 
ears, chheng-ki-chi", a sky-rocket, chhiu-chi", 
a dart; a javelin. he-chi", a fiery arrow am-chi", 
a secret arrow; said of secretly injuring others, sai- 
am-chi", to injure a man secretly, ban-le-chi", a 
cloud of arrows from cross-bows (v. 19). hoan — tioh 
ler-chi", good luck (as of a house) injured by having a 
long straight road pointing directly at it. leng-chi", 
an arrow given by a high mandarin to a messenger, to 
show that his orders are urgent, sai-bak-chi", to 
cast a piercing secret glance, as in half-dissembled dis- 
pleasure, or as in making lewd advances. 

per-chi", archers on foot, be-per-chi", foot and 
cavalry archers. be-chi n , cavalry archers, kho be- 
chi", trial of archery on horseback. 

chi"-bah, arrow-head; arrow-shod. chi"-phi, id. 
chi"-thau, id. chi"-pe (C), id. chi n -be, hinder 
end of arrow. chi"-khau, notch of arrow, for the 
string. chi"-leng, feathers of arrow. chi"-koai n , 
shaft of arrow. chi"-te, quiver. chi"-pe, target or 
mark for archery, kho chi n -pe, to compete at archery. 
kho-chi", id. tsoe chi n -pe (lit. to be a target), said 
of a soldier, made to be shot at, like "food for powder." 

an-chi", to put the arrow on the string, tsoh- 
chi", to shoot an arrow, sia-chi", id. tioh-chi", to 
be struck by an arrow. tidng-chi n , id. 

Chi" — an-chi"-si (T. ), this way. 

Clli" (E. chien), to fry swimming in a large quantity 
of melted fat. chi"-iu, id. chi"-soan, sort of cakes 
fried in fat. chi n -tso, round fried balls of rice with 
stuffing of minced meat. chi"-te, sort of cake fried in 
fat. he-chi", shrimps covered with dough and fried. 
6-te-chi", oysters, rice, and pulse fried together. 

Clli" (R. chin), to stuff into. chi"-ni"--teh, stuffed 
full and tight. chi"-kui, to stuff a fowl's crop, to 
make it sell better. chi"-khui, to press open as with 
a wedge. 

Clll" [R. cheng, quiet, still], (C. che"), calm, as 
weather, soah-chi", fine, fair, calm weather. sah n - 
chi", sudden lull in the wind, hong chi", wind fallen; 
calm, hong chi", eng pi", wind and waves quiet, 
sio-chi", warm and calm, as in spring, chhun-her 
koa"; tang-he - chi" (Cn.), rain in spring is cold, 
when there is ram in winter the wind falls. 

chi"-chi" (T.), = A. cheng-cheng, be quiet! (said to 

am-chi", secret; clandestine; secretly, am-tsde- 
chi" (T.), id. 

clliil [R. = col. jia, to cover or screen]. moa n -chia, 
an open shed with roof of only one slope. 

Clliil — hia-chia, very cumbrous; greatly in the 
way, as a large piece of furniture. 

Cilia. (R, ch£), here, ti-chia, id. an-chia, this 
way; by this road, tui-chia, id. de-ker-tit-chia, 
boe-ker-tit-hia, able to attend to one place, but not 
to the other. 

chiii [R. red coloured], chia-sek, a medicine. 








J A. 



Clliii [R. elder sister, mother, concubine, &c] chia- 
hu, =chi-hu, elder sister's husband, goan-chia — e, 
husband of my elder sister, goan-chia (Cn.), my 
elder sister. 

sio-chia, daughter of a mandarin. 

kh.ioh-ch.ia, a midwife, khioh-chia-bu, id. 
po-chia, inferior female spirits, supposed to have charge 
of infants (v. p6). chia-bu, id. hau-chia (C), = 
A. hail po-ehi&, to make offerings to these spirits, sin- 
chia (Cn.), a sorceress. sia"-chia (Cn.), id. 

ang-chia (C), husband and wife, ang-a-chia 
(C), id. toa-chia (C), principal wife. in-chia 
(C), = A. in-che-bii, his father's concubine, who is his 
own real mother. 

Clliii [R. a final relative particle, nearly "who," 
"which," "that which," often used to form an adjec- 
tive; slightly colloquial in C, but still R.] sun-thien— 
chia tsun; gek-thien--chia bong, they who obey 
Heaven are preserved; they who offend perish. 

su-chia, a messenger sent by a sovereign, bok- 
chia (X..), a pastor or (fig.) shepherd. 

su-chia-kong, a large innocuous serpent that is 
worshipped, si-chia-kong (C), id. 

hoe — chia ti, it is then too late to change one's 
mind, hek-chia (R.), perhaps. 

clllU (R. id.), sugar-cane, kam-chia, soft suc- 
culent sugar-cane, cultivated to be sold for sucking. 
chhah-kam-chia, to plant esculent sugar-cane, tek- 
chia, a harder sort (sweeter), grown for making sugar. 
koa"-chia, id. khoeh-chia, to press sugar-cane in 
the mill. 

chia-chhia, asusrar-mill. chia-phe", the premises 
where there is a sugar-mill, chia-phoh, the cane 
when the juice has all been pressed out. chia-tsai, 
young plants of sugar-cane, chia-ku, an edible insect 
found in the cane-roots, chia-hah, the outer sheath- 
ing leaves of the cane, pak chia-hah, to pull oft 
these leaves. Ian chia-hah, id. 

cilia [R. to borrow, to use as a pretext], chia 
lang — e beng-sek, to make improper use of a man's 
name or influence for private ends, chia-chhui-gu, 
pretending to have a verbal order, so as to get things 
and appropriate them, ka-chia, to pretend to have 
authority from another. 

tsu-chia, to rely upon, tsu-chia i--e se-thau, 
to rely on his influence or power, tsu-chia i — e hak- 
bun, to get the benefit of his learning (as by friendly 
intercourse) for improving our own. 

cllitl [R. tsa, suddenly]. chia-phe\ the city Cha- 
poo, near Ningpo, from which junks trade to Japan. 

Cilia. [R. to roast or toast], iu-chia-ke, a sort of 
cake. mi '-chia, a long lump of glutinous dough made 
of coarse wheat meal, sold uncooked, kiam-mi' 1 - 
chia, salted do. mi"-chia chha-bah, do. cooked 
with pork. 

chia-chho, sliced, dried, and sugared liquorice, 
chia-ki, a sort of medicine. 

Chiil (R. id.), (C. che). chia-ker, a partridge. 

Cilia [R. sia, to thank], = sia, a surname. 

Cllia D (C), = A. chi n , a malignant demon. 

Cilia" [R. chhek, red], the lean of meat. chia"- 
bah, id. poa"-chia"-peh, lean and fat mixed in one 
piece of meat. 

Cilia" [R. cheng, correct, =col. chia"]. chia"-geh, 
the first month. chia"-geh-chhoe, the first ten days of 
the year. chia"-geh chia"-thau, the first few days of 
the year (sometimes including to about 15th), in which 

41 chia" 

time debts arc not collected and ill-omened language is 
avoided, sin-chia", new-year's-day. ts6e-chia", to 
keep the new year, ho-chia", to pay new-year visits,esp. 
making presents, pai-chia", to pay visits in the first 
few days of the year, esp. first five days, oan-kui pai- 
chia" (the ghost of the murdered man paid a new-year's 
visit to the murderer, got him in liquor so as to let out 
the secret of his guilt), said of a witness or proof of guilt 
suddenly coming to light, koa-chia" (T.), the new- 
year's holidays past, khah - koa - chia" (T.), id. 
koa-chia", siong-goan ke (T.), after the middle 
of the first month, chia" koa (Cn.), new-year's time 
past, about 15th or 20th of first month. 

Cilia" [R. cheng, desires, feelings; affairs], chhin- 
chia", connections by marriage in any way; relatives 
of different surname. chhin-chia"-kan, among such 
relatives, tsoe-chhin-chia", to betroth or espouse 
husband or wife (said either of self or son, &c. ) kap- 
goan u-chhin-chia", connected (by marriage in any 
way) with some relative of ours, chhin-chia" ge- 
geh, relatives, neighbours, and friends (v. g6h). 

u-sim-chia", to have heart for doing a thing. 

kef-chia", to coax; to entreat, as a superior to in- 
ferior, or of equals, kef-chia", id. 

kan-chia", adulterous or lascivious conduct, as matter 
of an accusation in court. 

Cilia" (R. s8ng = col. chhia"), to become; complete; 
almost or about; in round numbers or in rough quantity. 

pun-chia", originally, hien-chia", just now; at 
this time; at present. 

si"-chia", to produce and complete; natural; not 
artificial; naturally. chia"-tsoe, to become, tsoe- 
chia", to complete; to be completed, tsoe-tit-chia", 
to accomplish, tsoe kau oan-chia", to work at it 
till it is all right, oan-chia", completed; finished, as 
an affair. pi"-chia"-ho, to become good, ke chhut- 
chia," — lah, the price is quite fixed. 

hun-chia", extremely like; undistinguishable, as an 
imitation or a counterfeit; as a tear or hole, &c. , mended 
so that it cannot be observed; or as lies so well told as to 
appear quite true. 

chia"-thi", a clear sky; fine weather. chia"-kia", 
determined to take a journey. chia"-tsoa, making or 
becoming a row or line. chia"-khoan, of good be- 
haviour or pattern, &c. chia"-iu", good or good-look- 
ing, &c. 

chia"-hang, in considerable quantities. chia"-be, 
an entire animal of any sort of which "be" is the classi- 
fier. chia"-tsau-he, fuel enough for once using the 
cooking-place or fire-place. chia," - chhu - mih", a 
houseful of things. chia"-siu", a whole trunkful or so. 
chia"-soa", in great quantities; whole mountains of — . 
chia"-soa" chia"-hai, in vast quantities; mountains 
and oceans of (as of crops, &c. ) chia"-mi", a whole 
night or so. chia"-geh-jit, about one month, chia"- 
ban-lang, about ten thousand men. chia"-pah, 
about a hundred. 

chia"-lang, to be married. chia"-lang seng- 
khi, to get married and get on in business, chia,"- 
lang-tsai, fine-looking man. iau-be chia"-lang, 
not yet married, m- chia," -lang, poor or unfortunate; 
deformed or useless, as a man. 

m-chia"-mih", not very good ; does not come to 
anything; of little or no use. ih-chia"-khoan, not 
of a good manner, model, or conduct, trig hi-chia"- 
chhia", weak and sickly about the time of coming of 
age. m-chia,"-thi", uncertain weather, scarcely either 
rain or fair. m-chia"-he\ very slight rain, m- 






cbia" iau-pa, neither hungry nor full, chbut-m- 
cbia"-ke, to offer too low a price, m-cbia" tong- 
seng, m-cbia" cbbeng-peng, not fit for any work, 
neither for literary work nor for labour (lit. soldier). 
m-cbia"-cbber rn-cbia"-iu, id. 

Clllii" (R. id.), insipid; tasteless; fresh, not salt; 
wanting in saltness or sweetness peh-chia" bo-bi, 
quite tasteless. cbia"-pub-pub, very insipid, cbia"- 
kauh-kaub, id. 

cbia n -tsiii, fresh water, kiam-chia", salt and 
fresh, tii-bo kiam-cbia", just sufficiently salt to be 
well tasted. poa"-kiam-cbia", half salt, thau- 
khab-cbia", dilute it that it may not be so salt or so 

Cilia" [R. ji6k, C. jiak, weak]. nrig-cbia", weak; 
delicate (as in health); belonging to a weak elan or family, 
not having much influence or power; feeble, mii"- 
cbia" (0.)i id. 

Cilia" (R. cheng), correct; real, true; right (hand); 
principal; (middle of Chinese hour). 

cbia"-le\ well-behaved; of good conduct, chia"- 
hoat, the fit way to accomplish an end. cbia"-pan, 
fair profit; goods of the right sort. cbia"-ki, anni- 
versary of a person's death. cbia n -pe, one's real father 
chia n -mia", one's own proper name, as opp. to a nick- 
name. chia"-tsu, real small-pox, opp. to "tsiii-tsu." 

cbia"-ji, the mandarin dialect. cbia"-im-bi, plays 
in the mandarin dialect. 

cbia"-tbau, at first; at the very beginning of the 
matter. cbia n -tbau-lai, on first arrival, be cbia"- 
tbau. to lay in the proper direction, opp. "t6-thau." 
chia n -seb, to revolve in the direction of the hands of a 
watch. ebia"-trig, id. cbia"-oe, to turn a hand- 
mill in that direction. cbia"-kong to-kong, to say 
yea and nay at different times; to talk first on the one 
side and then on the other. cbia"-tsoe to-tsde, to 
do a thing in an irregular and rather improper way. 
cbia n -chhak to-pbut, piercing and cutting in all 
directions (v. phut). to-oai n cbia"-oai n , to make 
overcharges right and left. 

cbia"-bu, the principal and secondary, as the princi- 
pal copy and the duplicate; officer and deputy; principal 
and assistant. cbia"-ka, the vessel carrying a very 
high mandarin. cbia n -tng, the principal mandarin of 
a place, as opposed to his assistant (v. trig). cbia"-it- 
pbin, the very first rank of mandarins. cbia"-keng, 
the empress. 

cbia"-cbbiu, the right hand. cbia"-cbhiu-peng, 
the right-hand side; on the right hand. cbia"-peng, 
the right face or side (as of a mirror or picture or other 
flat thing). 

chia"-si, yes, it is so; quite true; that's so; yes. 
cbin-chia", truly; true. cbia" - cbbin - cbbiu", 
exactly alike. cbia"-cbia", quite square, even, or 
correct; certainly, cbia" -cbia" ti-bia, certainly is 
there. si-cbia", square, even, or straight; all correct 
and right, toan-bong si-cbia", set quite straight; 
correct in conduct (v. toan). toan-cbia", correct in 
conduct, koe-chia", to correct (as a document); to 
put right or make correct, sia-cbia", to write out 
a fair clean copy (as from a scroll), teng-cbia", id. 
cbiu"-chia", id. 

pi"-cbia", ordinary middling quality; not very good 
(of men or things); fair; not partial. pi"-cbia"-lang, 
a person who is just middling in appearance, tsoe- 
lang pi"-cbia", tolerably good man. m-pi"-cbia n , 
partial ; unfair (as man or affair). m-chiau-pi n -ehia'\ 
id. sim-koa" pi"-cbia", fair in dealings. pi"-cbia"- 

sim, impartial towards inferiors (as teacher, father, or 
master). pan--liau pi n -cbia", settled fairly (as by 
mandarin or arbiter). 

cbia n -tng-si, just at the best time; just in season. 
bau-cbia", the middle of the double hour "bau," i.e. 
6 a.m. bau -si -cbia", id. sin - cbia", = sin -si- 
cbia", 8 a.m. cbi-si-cbia", 10 a.m. ; and so with the 
other hours. 

Cllicl" (Cn.), = A. iang, to carry (a person) on the 
back. sa n -cbia", standing back to back, as two houses 
near each other ( = T. sa"-chiang). 

Cilia", a character in a play, esp. a bold fellow with 
a painted face, er-cbia", do. with face painted black, 
ang-cbia", do. with face red. tsng-cbia", to act 
such a character, tsoe-cbia", id. 

Clliil" [R. ki6ng, strong]. ngi n -cbia n , stiff, as 
starched cloth, &c. ; strong and ready for work; fond of 
work, as a man not afraid of weather, or as a woman 
who is fit for hard work. 

Clliall — lin-cbiab-e, you (plural), lin cbiab- 
e-lang, id. Ian cbiab-e-lang, we. 

Clliah [R. chek], thus — ; so — ; (these); then, as 
connective particle either of time or of immediate effect 
or consequence. 

cbiab-e, these. cbiab-bng, thus far; so far. 
cbiab-soe, so small, cbiab-ku, so long; this long 
time, cbiab-ku bo, have you been well of late 1 how 
do you do? 

an-ni", cbiab bo-se, it will be all right if done so. 
kbab-oa", cbiab-lai, come later. sa"-tiam, cbiab- 
lai, come at three o'clock, ta" cbiab-lai, now come 
at last. tu--cbiab, just now (past), tu-a-chiah, 
id. tu - cbiab - lai, just arrived, cbbim - cbbim 
cbiab-lai, has just this moment arrived, geb cbiab- 
chbut, the moon just risen. 

Clliall — ban--cbiab, wait a little (v. ban). 

Clliah — cbiab-mi", unable to see well at night. 

Cbiall [R. chek, the backbone], ka-cbiab, the 
back, pa-cbiab (Cn.), id. ka-cbiab-au, behind 
one's back; in his absence, ka-cbiab-sim, middle of 
the back along the backbone, ka-cbiab-sien, dirt in 
the hollow along the spine, ka-cbiab-kut, the back- 
bone, ka-cbiab-cbit, id. tai"-ka-cbiab, to cut 
and hack a man's back, as a housebreaker when caught. 

io-cbiab-kut, the lower end of the backbone. 

clliah (R. chiet). bak-cbiab-mrig, the eye- 

Clliah (R. chek), classifier of beasts, birds, boats, 
ships, ingots of silver, &c. ; also (C.) of tables and chairs; 
sometimes contemptuously of men. 

tsun-cbiab, boats and ships in general, cbiau- 
cbiab, birds in general, boan-cbiab-a, a small 
pretty cage-bird, cbiab-nga (Cn.), small birds. 

Clliall [R. chek, a footstep, a trace], (cf. jiah). 

u-ia"-cbiab, real. bo-ia"-cbiab, without a shadow 
of truth, bo-ia" bo-cbiab, id. bo-ia"-cbiab e- 
mib", very unimportant things. 

Clliall — tbng - cbiab - kba, barefooted (cf. 

Clliah— kba-cbiab-te (P.), =A. kha-chhioh- 
t6e, the sole of the foot, kba-cbiab-toe (T.), id. 

clliall [R. chia, to roast or toast]. iu-cbiab-k6, 
long twisted cakes fried in fat, = iu-chia-ke\ 

Clliall (R. sit), to eat; to live on; to get money out 
of; (to entertain); to live (so long); to take (as snuff, 
tobacco, wine, &c); to absorb (as oil); to fit or lean on 





(as a beam); to play some games; to get the better of, 

&C. &c. 

chiah. kui-lang, how many guests, &e., do yon 
have at table ? 

chiah. pe-bii, to live on one's parents (v. pe). chiah 
thau-ke, to get our food from our employer, at his 
expense, chiah ka-ki, to find one's own food, not 
getting it from employer, ka-ki-chiah, to eat alone, 
cooking one's own food, or having it cooked separately 
from others, chiah-kia" chiah-sun, to live on one's 
sons or grandsons, chiah kia/'-sun. id. ; also said of 
an old man who survives all his descendants. 

b6e-chiah--tit, not eatable; too powerful to let us 
get money out of him; nothing can be got out of him. 
chiah — i boe-to, his work is too heavy or too difficult 
for me. chiah — i rh-ta, do. ; also, I can't get the 
money out of him (v. ta). chiah--i boe-noa", I have 
not ability or strength for his work, chiah — i ke-ke, 
to have quite the upper hand of a man; to be able to 
overcome him with the utmost ease, chiah — i sa n - 
tu-thau, do. (figure from gambling), goa chiah-tit- 
i-kau, I can hold my own against him; I am not afraid 
of him. na" chiah-tit-i-kau, chiu-thang, if you 
are quite able to hold your own against him, then you 
may venture, chiah — i khah-kau, well able to get 
the better of him; not at all afraid of him. khit--i 
peh-peh-chiah, to be oppressed or fleeced by him 
without power of resistance. 

chiah kiau-tang, to live by gambling, chiah- 
tang chiah-thih, to live on others by bold wicked 
means, chiah chhim-tsui, to screw money impro- 
perly out of people with whom he has no connection. 
chiah-thi' 1 -].^ (live on dew), to have uncertain means 
of living; to live by one's wits, as poor literati who make 
people pay money by threatening with lawsuits, chiah - 
thien-tong, to get one's money by improper means, 
as underlings of yamuns (v. thien). chiah-tsoa, 
phe he"-huih (serpents with tiger's blood), said of a 
very wicked daring man. chiah-chhau-bi, to be an 
employ^ in a yamun (v. chhau). chiah-pit-be, to 
live by writing documents for lawsuits, as meddling 
literati, chiah jin-beng, to take money for the set- 
tlement of a case about a death, chiah hong-lok, 
to have official salary. chiah-niu", to be a soldier. 
chiah - chheng, to be a soldier who uses a gun. 
chiah-pai, do using a shield, chiah-keng, to be 
an archer, in army. 

chiah kui-bi, to be suffering from dearth, chiah- 
pun, to live on one's capital, siu-tser chiah-soa", 
to live on the rents of property, chiah-kha chiah- 
chhiu, to live by the labour of one's own limbs; said 
also of a mandarin severely punishing his own under- 
lings, liu-chhiu chiah-bak-chiu, a man must use 
his eves sharply (v. chhiu). 

chiah-tser, to eat the feast in the ancestral temple. 
chiah-ki, to eat a feast on anniversary of birth or death 
of the deceased. chiah-si"-jit, to eat a birth-day feast 
of a living friend, chiah put-si n -jit, to have a feast 
on an idol's birth-day. chiah-tia", to have a feast 
when the money and presents are sent, after betrothal, 
but before the marriage, chiah i-e-si", to take his 
surname and worship his ancestors, as a weak village 
does to a powerful one, to get their assistance, chiah- 
kau, phrase used by the heathen for "becoming a Chris- 
tian," but not a good phrase, chiah-chhai, to be a 
vegetarian, chiah sa n -lak-kau, to abstain from 
animal food on the days ending in 3, 6, and 9. 

chiah-hun, to smoke (tobacco). chiah-phi"-hun, 

to take snuff, chiah-nger-ien, to take snuff, tobacco, 
and opium, chiah-e-hun, to smoke opium, chiah- 
tiau, become an inveterate opium-smoker, chiah- 
phah-phun, to smoke only a little opium, not yet in- 
veterate, chiah-chiu, to take wine, &c. (v. chili). 
chiah-te, to drink tea. 

chiah-tsui, to drink water, tsun chiah-tsui, 
the vessel draws (so much) water, khui-khang he — 
i chiah-tsui, to show him an opening for squeezing 
money out of some one. 

chiah-iu, to absorb oil, as a thing steeped in it, &c. 
chiah-tso, to be dyed with sulphate of iron, chiah- 
chiu", to be starched, as clpth or clothes. 

chiah-hong, to take in wind, as a sail well placed 
to catch the wind, chiah-thih, to attract iron, as the 
load-stone, chiah-soa", to make gradual progress, 
gaining on the land, as a vessel in successive tacks. 

chiah-ji, to take the bait, as fish, chiah-tio, to 
bite the hook, chiah-phg, to eat rice; to take food 
(v. prig), chiah thit-tho, to eat something for mere 
amusement, or by the way. chiah — be, have you 
eaten? how do you do? chiah-khoa", to taste, toa- 
chiah, eating much, soe-chiah, eating little, chiah- 
beh-si, very greedy at food (v. si), chiah-boe-khi, 
unable to eat more, as when full, or when meat is very 
fat. peh-peh-chiah, to eat rice without condiments 
(v. peh). keng-chiah, very nice (too particular) about 
one's food, always wishing the very best. mih n -chiah, 
confections, sweetmeats, &c. u-chiah-sit, to live well 
on good food (v. sit). 

chiah-pa, to have eaten enough, or till satiated; to 
be saturated, as with oil (v. pa), chiah-liau, to eat 
up the whole, leaving nothing, chiah — liau, after 
having eaten, chiah — liau san, always lean, what- 
ever he eats. chiah--liau thit-tho, doing nothing 
but eat and amuse himself, chiah — liau, bo-sia"- 
su, id. chiah oa"-lai, kong oa"-goa, eats his 
food, but speaks ill of him behind his back (v. oa"). 
chiah-kho chiah-ka, whether eating better or worse 
food (rice thicker or thinner), chiah-kho chiah-ka, 
tioh chit--e peng-cheng, whatever they have or 
have not to eat, the members of a family should be at 
peace among themselves. -it^X. 

than-chiah, to earn one's food (v. chi4h). tsoan- 
chiah, to get one's food any way, either by earning or 
by begging, khit-chiah, to beg; a beggar (v. kbit). 
pun-chiah, id. pun--chiah, to make arrangements 
for having meals separate from others, pun-khui- 
chiah, id. thiah-chiah, id. hap - teh - chiah, 
taking meals regularly together, tsu-chiah, to cook 
(v. tsu). 

chiah tng-he-siu, to enjoy long life (v. he), i beh- 
chiah khah-ku, he hopes to live longer, chiah a- 
be kau-lau, not old yet. u-phg, chiah kau-lau; 
bo-phg, chiah kau-si, may you lose your riches, 
and be very poor in old age ! 

sa n -chiah-a n , fitting well together, as parts of an 
article of furniture; friendly; of one mind, chiah- 
chheng, food and clothes (v. chheng). sa n -chiah- 
chheng, fitting well together. bo-sa n -chiah, not 
agreeing well together, as essay to text, or as evidence, 
chiah-toe, agreeing well with the text, as essay. 

chiah m-tioh tsui-the, to be injured in health 
by the climate. 

tham-chiah, gluttonous; small-pox very thick on 
the body (v. tham). 

chiah chit-ki e-lat, leans on this beam for sup- 
port, as a smaller beam does, or as a set of rafters on 




/ X* 

a great beam, chiah koai"-a e-lat, to lean one's 
weight (more or less) on a staff, chiah. td'-khau e- 
lat, wind in such a direction that the oar held in the 
left hand must be rowed with more force. 

chiah-ngi", bo-chiah-nrig, determined to carry 
out our purpose in spite of any opposition, chiah- 
phiah, having an obstinate temper; dogged and crot- 
chety, chiah i-e-phiah, id. chiah-i chit-e- 
phiah. id. chiah-kiu", of set purpose taking the 
very opposite way to that which others wish or advise. 
chiah-kien, id. chiah-thau, harbouring revenge- 
ful feeling (v. thau). kap— i chiah-khi, id. chiah- 
koe (C), insubordinate. 

chiah-tu, to win stakes in gambling (v. tu). goa 
ka — li chiah — khi, you win the stakes from me. 
chiah-tit, to play a game called "tit," q.v. chiah- 
ji-a, a game with bits of tile (v. ji). 

chiah gun-tsiii, to get so much less than the price 
would be counted in mixed (good and bad) cash, because 
it is paid in silver, chiah phai n -chi"-tsui, id. 
khah-chiah-ke, paying a little over the price wil- 

chiah-ki n , to lose money by acting as surety and 
having to pay; or as by doing a commission for another, 
and having the goods thrown on our hands. 

thoe--lang chiah-tsoe, to bear the responsibility 
of another's crime or fault. 

her — i ka-chiah, to be scolded by him very viol- 

6e-chiah chhau-bah khi--lai, able to remove 
putrefying flesh, as a medical application. 

chink (C), = A. chiok. chiak-iak a sort of 

Chink (C), = A. chiok, a sort of cup; a rank of 

Clliilk (C), =A. chiok. chim-chiak, to consider 

chink — chiak-sit (C), = A. tiok-sit, the real 
facts of a case. 

chiniH [R. to look up to]. sa n -chiam, to observe 
each other carefully, as two men on a road avoiding run- 
ning against each other; or as two vessels sailing together, 
taking care not to part company; or as two men on an 
unknown or dangerous road. 

cilin 111 [R. to divine by lot], a cent; to prognosti- 
cate; to settle a balance, chit-chiam, one cent. 

sa n -chiam-tsau, to settle a small balance (either 
way) from a payment. sa n -chiam, id. ; also, three 
cents, chiam joa-tsoe chi n -be, what balance? 

thau-ehiam, the bearer who occupies the first place 
in front in carrying an idol. 

chiam i-e-bang, to interpret his dream, chiam- 
koa, a sort of divination (v. koa). 

Chin 111 [R. tsam], (Cn. tsam; C. tsom, in some 
phrases), a lady's hair-pin. chiam-a, id. sek-thng- 
chiam, a sort used (superstitiously) by elderly women. 
teng-ker-chiam, upper hair-pin in female head-dress, 
he'-lff-chiani, those worn at the sides, with heads of 
the "h&-]&" shape. 

kim-chiam, a beautiful red flower somewhat like 
Amaryllis (Hemerocallis'.'); also used as a vegetable. 
kim-chiam-hoe, id. kim-chiam-chhai, do. as a 
vegetable, gek-chiam, the tuberose, giok-chiam, 

Chiam (R. id.), a surname. 

Cllinill (R. id.), pointed; sharp-pointed; apoint; an 
extremity, esp. pointed, chiam-chiam, sharp-pointed. 

chiam-lai, very sharp, chhui chiam, chih lai, a 
great talker; a chatterer. 

si" bak-chiam, to have a stye on the eyelid, liu- 
chiam, shoes with only one rib in front, hia-chiam, 
the toe of a boot. pit-chiam, the point of a pen 
or hair-pencil. soa"-chiam, a mountain peak, jin- 
ji-chiam, a roof made with a ridge (not flat), tsiii- 
chiam, a fish with a pointed mouth, nge-chiam, 
the head, feet, and wings of a bird, khi-ng^-chiam, 
to cut off head, legs, and wings of a fowl before cooking 
it (or head and feet of a beast); to cut off the head, 
hands, and feet of a criminal. 

siu-chiam, to sharpen to a point, khioh-chiam, 
to pile up (in pyramidal shape) to a point, as stones, 
bricks, &c. put-chiam, to heap up earth, lime, &c, 
in a pointed mound of pyramidal shape, chiam-thau, 
pointed at the end, as a pole (s. needle), chiam- 
chhui--e, a rat. chiam-chhui (C. ), = khoah-chhiii, 
a pickaxe, chiam-hi, a fish with a very sharp head. 
hg-chiam-li, a sort of yellow plum, chiam-a-bi, 
the best sort of rice, chiam-tau, a small round bean. 

sa n -chiam lak-kak, all points, corners, and angles; 
very irregular in shape; very angular; quite opposed to 
our views and expectations, as language of a man to 
whom we apply for something. chiam -kha iu- 
chhiu, hands and feet delicate, as of woman or literary 
man, or son of rich man. thau chiam, phi" tub, 
face long and nose sharp; counted good-looking. 

Cllinill (R. chiam, chim), (Cn. tsam), a needle; 
used in the names of instruments having a needle or a 

kan- chiam, a mariner's compass, kin- ban - 
chiam, regulator of watch or clock, hong-u-chiam, 
a barometer, han-su-chiam, a thermometer, pio- 
a-chiam, hand of watch, si-chiam, hour-hand of 
watch or clock, khek-chiam, minute-hand, biau- 
chiam, second-hand. 

pin-chiam, a foreign pin. siu-chiam, the smallest 
sort of needle for embroidering and fine needle-work, 
hoe-chiam, id. toa-per-chiam, a large needle. 
ji-per-chiam, a smaller sort. sa"-per-chiam, a sort 
still smaller. 

chiam-tsai n , a thimble, chiam-phi", the eye of 
a needle, chiam-khang, the hole made by a needle. 
chiam-be, point of needle, chiam-chi, needle-work 
and embroidery (v. chi). chiam-kha iu, the needle- 
work is fine, chiam-ah, a small needle-case, chiam- 
khoeh, a small box for needles. chiam-tang, a 
small cylindrical vessel for do. chiam-pau, a paper of 
needles, chit -pau- chiam, one paper of needles. 
chiam-soa", needle and thread, chiam-thau soa n - 
b6, do. bo-chiam, put-in-soa", without a proper 
introduction it cannot be properly managed. 

hai-toe bong-chiam, to feel for a needle at the 
bottom of the sea. kau-chiam, to sew with very close 
stitches, kau-chiam teng, bat-liu poa", very 
careful ; over careful or minute in money matters (v. bit). 

cllinill [R. to go deep or secretly], tim-cliiam, 
self-collected ; thinking deeply or carefully before speak- 
ing or acting, chiam-sim (R.), diligent and earnest 
in study. 

chirilll (R. chim). chiam-thau, = chim -thau, a 

Chiam (R. id.), (cf. chiam, chhiam), to take un- 
just possession of; to interfere to separate combatants. 

chiam-pan-gi, to compel a man to sell cheap, ka- 
ki chiam-teh-kong, to talk right on, maintaining 




ell ia in 





that we are all right (as when found fault with), letting 
no one else get in a word, chiam-tai-seng, to take 
the first place for one's self somewhat rudely. 

chiam-tsong, to take unjust possession of a grave 
chiam-toe, to take unjust possession of land, chiam - 
chhan, id. chiam lang-e-bo, take unjust posses- 
sion of another man's wife. 

pa-chiam, to usurp; to take unjust possession either 
of throne or of any possessions, e. g. houseorland. kiong- 
chiam, do. by violence, su-chiam, to take illegal 
possession of public property for one's self, chhim- 
chiam, to encroach upon; to take unjust possession of 
(as of land). koa"-toe, to encroach 
on land that is government property. 

chiam — lang, to interfere to separate combatants or 
men quarrelling; to try to stop a scrimmage. sa n - 
chiam, id. chiam — i, to interfere to keep him from 
being beaten, as in a quarrel, or as a child that parents 
are beating, sio-chiam (C), to assist one of two 
parties quarrelling. 

Cllitllll— sio-chiam (P.), =A. sa"-oa, leagued 
together, as two friends who make common cause in all 

cllinill (R. id.) chiam-chiam, by degrees; gradu- 
ally, chiam-chin, make gradual progress. 

Cllitllll (R. id.) chiam-si, temporarily, in the 
meantime, chiam-si-a, only for a short time, chiam - 
toa, to stay for a short time, chiam-chhia", just for 
a short time let — . chiam-koan, to be a temporary 
substitute; to use as such, esp. in some work or office. 
chiam-koan teh-eng, using it or him temporarily 
till a better can be got. 

Clli<lH (in several tones), better, "chien" (q.v.) 

Clliailg' [R. tiong, to stretch out], (C. tiang). 
koai-chiang, very stubborn and obstinate; determined 
to have his own way or say, esp. as inferior. 

Chiang* [R. chiang, Cn. chiong], (Cn. cheng). 
chiang-chiu, Chang-chew, chiang-se, thin mixed 
silk stuff made at Chang-chew, chiang-pan, blocks 
cut there, chiang — e, made at Chang-chew. 

chiang-tsoan, Changchew & Chinchew. chiang- 
tsoan-pia n , a feud between Chang-chew and Chin- 
chew men. hok-kien oan-oan, m-tah chiang- 
tsoan, in all Fuh-kien, Chang-chew and Chin-chew are 
the best places. 

Chiang [R. chiong, an essay], (C), = A. chiong, a 
surname, &c. pio-chiang (C), = A. pi6-chiu", a me- 
morial to the emperor. 

Chiang (C), = A. chiong, to use (as instrument); 
sign of future; often R. 

Chiang [R. cbi6ng, = col. chili", an oar], pat- 
chiang-tsun, eight-oared boats used by custom-house 
officials, pat-chiang-a, id. 

Clliiing [R. chi6ng, to praise], po-chiang, to 
praise an inferior so as to encourage him to more exertion. 

Clliang [R. tibng, to grow, to increase; by change 
of tone from "ti6ng," long], to rise, as the price of any- 
thing, gun-ke chiang, the value of the dollar has 
risen, bi-ke chiang, the price of rice has risen, 
chiang-chin (C), = A. chi6ng-chln, to grow rich (v. 

Clliiing [R, chi6ng, the palm of the hand; to rule]; 
(Cn. chi6ng). chiang-koan, to rule; to have autho- 
rity over, chip-chiang, to have (power or authority), 
chiang-kui, the man in a hong who has charge of the 

chiang-kio, to hold the poles of the sedan of a high 
mandarin. chiang-si", a large fan carried before very 
high mandarins. 

Clliailg [R chi6ng, a military officer]. lau- 
chiang, a soldier, han-chiang, a tall fat man. 
ho-han-chiang, id. chiang-ia, low custom-house 
officials (not in the office) like tide-waiters. 

Also (C), = A. chidng (military officers, idols, &c.) 

Clliailg — lai-chiang (C), = A. Iui-chi6ng, an 
eye disease. 

Clliailg (R. ti&ng). hun-chiang, falsified, as a 
document; confused, or out of order, as the manage- 
ment or settlement of an affair, choe-su hun-chiang, 
to manage a matter in a confused or disorderly way. 
sa n -hun-chiang, confusedly mixed, as good or bad, 
or as things belonging to different owners. 

chiailg (P.), = iang, =chia n , to carry on the back, 
as a man or child. 

sa n -chiang (T.), to stand back to back, as two 
houses or villages. sa n -chiang kha-chhng (T.), id. 

Chiap (R. id.), to receive; to succeed to; to join; to 
set, as a broken bone; to splice or lengthen, as rope; to 
add a piece of paper, cloth, &c. ; to make larger. 

put-chiap-it, matters not going well; said euphem- 
istically of death. 

eng-chiap, to receive, as guests, chiap-eng, id.; 
also, to assist as with troops, chiap-lap, to receive, 
as persons, chiap-hong (R.), to give a feast to a 
friend on his coming home, pi-chiap (Cn.), to meet 
and try to arrange a quarrel. 

chiap au-siu, a widower marrying a virgin, chiap 
pang-hun, to keep up the succession, as an adopted 
son. chiap i-e-kheh (C. khoeh), to fill the vacancy 
left by him; to succeed him. chiap-iii, to succeed 
to the throne, chiap-jim, to succeed to a mandarin's 
office, chiap-in, id. (receiving the seals). 

u-chiap-chhah, to have proper connection, as a 
literary composition (v. chhah). sa"-chiap, connected, 
as in close succession; adjoining to. soa-chiap, to 
succeed to, as inheritance, &c. chiap-soa, closely 
connected, as following clause; to succeed. sa n -chiap- 
soa, closely connected in succession, as sentences or 
events, seng-chiap, to inherit; to succeed to, as pro- 
perty, &e. chiap-siok, in close succession; connected 
without interruption or intermission, u-chiap-siok, 
do. as clauses in context, or as train of reasoning, sa"- 
chiap-siok, id. ; said also of money coming in con- 
stantly. chi n -gun chiap-siok, money coming in 
from time to time in considerable quantities. sa n - 
chiap-siok-than, id. 

kau-chiap, to associate, as friends, kau-chiap 
6ng-lai, id. kau-thau chiap-ji n , to talk in whis- 
pers, " tete-a-tHe." chih-chiap, to associate or receive, 
as friend or visitor, or business connection. kap--i 
chih-chiap, do. ; to have direct dealings with him in 

chiap-chhiu, to settle a bargain. sa n -chiap-kha, 
to follow in succession, as in walking; to supply a man's 
place, as in gambling. sa n - chiap -kha lai, one 
coming in as another goes out. 

chiap-ki, to graft, chiap-soh, to splice or lengthen 
a rope, chiap-ui, to set up the parts of a foreign 
mast, chiap-thih, to weld iron, chiap-sun, to 
dovetail; to join by tenon and mortice, gau chiap- 
sun-khak, skilful at saying what corroborates another's 
story (false or conjectural); talking as if we knew all 
about a matter which we do not know, chiap kau u- 















ki u-hioh, one man adding a tissue of inventions to 
what another (truly or falsely) says, so as to give all the 
appearance of manifest truth. 

chiap-hun, the seam or joint, as where one piece of 
cloth, timber, &c. , is joined to another, chiap-lek- 
bah, the meat of the soft loin (v. 16k). 

CIllcl]) (R. id.), (Cn. tsap), juice, sap, gravy, &c. 
tsui-chiap, watery juice, lin-chiap, milk flowing 
in small quantities from the teat, sai-chiap, watery 
excrement as in diarrhoea, esp. of young children. 

koe-chiap, brine of salt or pickled fish, &c. bah- 
chiap, gravy; sauce from the meat. 

ClliU|> (R. chiet). bak-chiap-mfig, better "bak- 
chiah-mfig," eye-lashes. 

Cilia]) (R. chiet), fast; quick, chiap-chiap, often; 
constantly; diligently, chiap-chiap -6b, constantly 
learning or practising, chiap-chiap-kong, constantly 
talking, chhui chiap-chiap -tan, too talkative. 

kin-chiap, rapidly, kin-ehiap-khoai, nimble; 
very quick, as at work, kin-thin chiap-lim (pour 
and drink quickly), to manage a matter very rapidly. 
liam-chiap, quick; prompt; active; energetic, liap- 
chiap, id kha-chhiu liam-chiap, hands and feet 
nimble. kong-6e chiap-lut-lut, to talk very fast. 

Cilia]) — chiap chhui-tun, to smack the lips, 
chhui chiap-chiap-kio, sound of smacking the lips, 
cbhui chiap-chiap-hau, id. 

Clliat, chiat, better chiet, chiet, q.v. 

Clliail (R. tso). chiau-that (esp. T.), =tsau-that, 
to maltreat, &c. 

Clliail [R. bright, manifest], thien-li chiau- 
chiau, Heaven's judgments very plain and manifest, as 
calamities on the wicked, thien-to chiau-chiau, id. 

Clliail [R. name of several plants, sometimes = col. 
chio]. lien-chiau, sort of red arum with large leaves. 
lien-chiau kiet-ko, may the arum have fruit, feli- 
citous words at marriage, represented by two stalks of 
arum and a cake of dried limes, pa-chiau-si 11 , an 
ancient sort of fan (v. pa). 

Clliail [R. certain parts of the body], sam-chiau- 
he, the hot principles of the upper, middle, and lower 
parts of the body, sam-chiau-he toa, these hot 
principles very powerful, &c. 

Clliail [R. scorched, grieved]. sim-koa n bun- 
chiau-chiau, grieved, as at leaving relatives or friends, 
chiau-tsut, a sort of medicine treated with fire. 

Clliail [R.toinvite,aconfession, = col.chio]. chiau- 
jin, to confess guilt on trial, put-ta" put-chiau, un- 
less beaten he will not confess, khut-ta" seng-chiau, 
to beat violently and force to confess. 

chiau-iau, to circulate exciting tidings, as about 
rebellion or others faults (v. iau). chiau-pai, a sign- 
board or trade mark, chiau-tsai-ong, the god of 

Clliail (R. tsoan, = col. tsiig), complete; regular; 

J~ even; well mixed, as dough. 

chiau-tsng, complete, chiau-pi, id.; all ready, 
chiau-lai, all have come, chiau-kau, all have 
arrived, chiau-un, regularly in good measure, as rain 
or work (v. un). chiau-ho, all right and ready, as 
something prepared, m-chiau-liau, not wholly fin- 
ished, a-be chiau-liau, id. 

chiau-chiau, all alike, chiau-chiau beh, all of 
them desire, chiau-chiau-a-toa, all of the same 
size, chiau-chiau hiah-toa, id. 

sia-khi-chiau, write evenly, boah-khi-chiau, 

spread it (as lime) evenly all over, liap he-i-chiau, 
work it up (as clay or dough) with the hands, till it is 
well mixed and of uniform consistency. 

Clliail [R. wood for fuel], gu chiau, keng thok 
(r.), fishermen, wood-cutters, farmers, and scholars. 

Clliail [R. grieved], (cf. chiau, chhiau). chiau- 
sim peh-pak, sorely grieved and distressed, as at 
things all going wrong, chiau-tso, grieved and vexed 
in mind, chiau-tsui, miserable and mournful looking. 

Clliail (R. nidu"), a bird, chiau-a, do. chiau- 
chiah, birds in general, chiau-cheh (C), id. koe- 
chiau, fowls and birds in general. 

chiau-chi n , a malicious demon in the form of a bird; 
a person who is too sharp and cunning, he-chiau, an 
ill-omened bird supposed to appear about a fire; a boy 
who is over sharp, cunning, forward, or impudent, gan- 
chiau, a man who is more knowing or skilful, or better 
at talking than others, and so naturally takes the lead, 
thau-bak- chiau, do. but with more influence. 

teh chiau-a-koa, to divine by a bird picking out 
one lot from several, tiau-hoe khek-chiau, to 
carve wood in general, chiau-lai, a wild pear, chiau- 
tah-chhi, a thorn with a yellow leguminous flower. 
chiau-a-hun, white pigment for the face, in small 
bits, chiau-kha, legs without calves, khiang- 
chiau, appearance like squinting, when the skin of the 
eye is drawn up at the corner; cross-eyed, bak-chiu 
tsoh-chiau, id. bak-chiu phah-chiau, id. phah- 
chiau, to shoot birds, bang-chiau, to catch birds 
by a net. 

chiau-kang, a male bird, chiau-kak, id. chiau- 
bii, a female bird that has laid eggs, or of that age. 
chiau-boe, a decoy bird, chiau-chheng, a small- 
bore fowling-piece, chiau-tauh, a sort of snare for 
birds. chiau-siu,anest. chiau-lang.acage. chiau- 
liii, a bird's cup. chiau-tah, a roost, as in a cage. 

chiau-tsun, a junk, with picture of bird on stern, 
chhau-chiau, boats that carry grass and shrubs for 
fuel; boats like them in size and shape, chiau-chhui, 
a bird's beak or bill; the two projections at the bow of 
a junk, between which the windlass is placed. chhi n - 
chiau-chbui, a junk with blue bow (Cantonese). 
chiau-chhui, gu kha-chhng (bird's beak, but cow's 
posteriors), little coming in, but much going out. 

Chitill (R. chia). chiau-hu, = chi-hu, husband of 
elder sister, goan-chiau — e, my elder sister's husband. 

Clliail (R. tiau). lan-chiau, the penis. 

Chiail (R. id.), an imperial decree, chiau-tsu, 
id. chiau-si (C), id. pan-chiau, to publish 
abroad an imperial decree, sia-chiau, an imperial 
decree of pardon, chih-chiau, to receive the imperial 
commands with ceremonies, as the mandarins do. ui- 
chiau (R.), imperial last will and testament. 

ClliaU [R. to shine, = col. chi6; to protect], accord- 
ing to. 

chiau-k&\ to protect; to take care of; to take charge 
of. chiau-eng, to assist and befriend, chiau-koan, 
to take charge of, as a house, chiau-iau, to assist 
(as by influence) and make prosperous (v. iau). 

chiau-ku, as formerly; as before, chiau-goan, 
id. chiau-siong, according to the usual manner. 

chiau-sit. to tell the truth, chiau-sit-kong, to 
speak truthfully. 16ng-bo chiau-kong, not accord- 
ing to the truth, chiau-khi-kang, according to what 
is right, orderly, or proper, chiau-kia", id. chiau- 
tsoe, doing work diligently and well, chiau-iu", ac- 
cording to the pattern, chiau-khoan, id. 








chiau-un, in regular turn, as in play. chiau-pai, 
in one's proper turn, chiau-lun, by turns; in regular 
and proper succession, chiau-lun-livi, id. chiau- 
oe, id. chiau-pai, arranged in proper order, chiau- 
kah. mixed in proper proportions, as good and bad cash. 
chiau-phoe, in proper proportion. chiau-pun, 
dividing equally among all; in equal parts, chiau- 
khui, to divide into equal parts, chiau-thoa", to 
divide expenses in fair proportions. 

Clliilllll — chiauh-khok-ji, to toss up small 
rounded stones, as children in play, cliiauh ji-a, id. 
ch.iauh.-kun, id. 

ell ia II 1 1 (C), = A. chiauh. chiauh-chiauh-hau, 
incessant talking, &c. 

Clliilllll (C. chiauh). chiauh-chiauh-hau, in- 
cessant talking; sound of mouth in eating, chhui- 
chiauh-chiauh-hau, id. 

dlieil [R. thick rice-gruel]. ta n -ehien, to take 
^ VjJ a meal (as a mandarin) at a road-side stage; said politely 

by inn-keepers to travellers. 
fig Cllien [R. carpet; felt, = col. chi"]. m& n -chien, a 

\ Jh sort of coarse hairy stuff, te-chien, a carpet, toe- 

chien, id. jiong-chien, a hairy rug. teng-chien 
e-jiok, soft mattresses and coverlets, above and below, 
as in bed of a rich man. 
^4* Cllieil (R. id. = col. tsoa n , chi n ), to fry with little 

mi fat; to melt (as silver) in purifying, chien-iu, to fry 

' " \ in little fat. chien-khi-ser, fry till crisp, chien- 
ke, to fry steamed cakes, chien-chha, to fry crisp 
by stirring constantly, chien-tsoan, to fry and then 
boil (v. tsoan). 

chien-poa.", a flat frying-pan. chien-si, a spoon 
for stirring things in frying, chien-te, sort of fried 
cake, boan-chien, sort of cake rolled up and fried. 
koan-chien, id. koan-chien-ko, id. 

kheng-chien, to fuse and cast large quantities of 
(sycee) silver in pieces (phong-sim) of ten taels each; 
formerly done in Amoy; not done now. kheng-chien- 
hang, a sort of mint (licensed by the mandarins) for 
this work, khui-kheng-chien, to have such a mint; 
said of the company or firm that holds such a license. 
loh-chien, to melt (as silver) in purifying. 

Cllien [R. unlucky], tso-chien, to meet with 
bad luck, tun-chien (R.), unlucky, as a man. 

Cllien (R. id.), fine glossy paper in large sheets (of 
various colours), used for scrolls, &c. chien-tsoa, id. 
chiang - chiu - chien, do. from Chang-chew, ser- 
chien, do. from Soo-chow. lah-chien, a very smooth 
waxed sort of paper. 

Cllien [R. = col. cMng, before], chiong-chien, 
formerly, gan-chien, at present, hong-chien- 
chiok (candle before the wind), said of an old man's 
life, ku-chien-chhau, plantago (v. ku). u-chien 
(before the rain), a sort of tea (young Hyson'?). 

chien-teng, persons who have a degree, civil or 
military, chien-poe, persons one generation (or more) 
above us in the genealogical tree, as parents, uncles, and 
their cousins, &c. chien -h.& (r.), before and after. 
chien-ia", the van of the army (one of the five divi- 
sions) ; the commander of it. chien-thia", his assistant. 

Cllien [R. a coin; money, = col. chi"]. chien- 
kok su-ia., the mandarin's private secretary and ad- 
viser who attends to the land-tax and grain (v. kok). 
iu-chien--chia seng, bu-chien--chia su, money 
decides life or death, said of bribes. 
Pi/^ Chien (R. id. ) chien-heng, to give a man a 



parting feast, before he makes a long journey, or goes 
abroad. chien-heng e chiu-toh, such a parting 

Cllien (C), = A. chit. chien--§, this; these, put- 
chi chien — e, very — , said as an elliptical expression, 
when the speaker does not just know how to end the 
sentence, or wishes to suggest "very bad" or "very im- 
proper" without exactly saying so. 

clll4'Il — . chien -a, the book-worm, that eats 
books and clothes, chien-a-thang, id. chien- 
tsoah, id. 

cllien (R. id.), to cut with shears or with a hinged 
knife; to buy, as cloth and medicines, chien-jiong, 
to buy stag's horn medicine ; also, a sort of flower. 
chien-ioh, to buy a dose of medicine; to cut down 
medicinal plants small with a hinged knife, chien- 
som, to buy ginseng, chien-per, to buy cotton cloth. 
chien-ni n , to buy woollen cloth. 

chien-liu, a pickpocket, chien-che, to prepare 
medicinal plants by cutting and by fire. 

ka-chien, scissors, siu-chien, small scissors used 
by dressmakers, sempstresses, &c. chek-chien, can- 
dle-snuffers, gun-chien, strong shears for clipping 
silver, ioh-chien, a knife on a hinge for slicing 

Cllien [R. an arrow, = col. chl n ]. jit-goat ju- 
so: kong-im su-chien, days and months are like a 
shuttle; days and nights like an arrow. 

ClliCll (R. id.), to recommend or introduce, as for 
a situation, kii-chien, id. chien--lang, id. in- 
chien, id. ngl n -chien, to recommend very urgently 
for a situation, generally engaging to be security for 
him. tit-thau-chien, id. 

bit-chien, fruits preserved with sugar, &c, for idola- 
trous worship, bit-chien thfig-ko, id. ta-chien, 
dry sorts, wrapped in paper or put on a tray, tam- 
chien, preserves, jellies, &c. (same use), put on a frame 
or basket, chien-ap, a few sweet things ottered to 
idols (v. ap). 

Cllien [R. to fight; to shake and tremble], kau- 
chien, to fight in battle. ta n -chien, id. cheng- 
chien, id. chhut-chien, to go out to war or battle. 
toa-chien, a great battle or series of battles, tsui- 
chien, a naval battle, chien-tsu, a challenge to 
battle, ha chien-tsu, to send a challenge, tho- 
chien, to challenge to battle, koat-si-chien, to 
fight for life or death, tstir-chien, to help in battle. 
chien-tin, to be engaged in battle, as armies. 

chien-kah, a coat of mail, chien-tsun, a ship of 
war he-hun-chien, a war steamer, chien-ke - , a 
war-drum. lui chien-ker, to beat the war-drum. 
chien-be, a war-horse, chien-peng, soldiers for 
battle, better than those for garrison, chien-hiong, 
this better class of soldiers, drawing more pay. 

chien-kioh, good at fighting, as a soldier; good at 
any work, as workman, chien-chiong, good at war- 
fare, as a military officer; bold and skilful at managing 
any affair. 

sim kia", ta n chien, very much terrified, chhiu 
chien (R. ), hand shaking. 

Cllien (R. id.), (C. tsan). chien-pang, a store- 
house; a godown. chien-pang-se, rent or charges 
for use of storehouse or godown. thiap chien-pang- 
se, to pay warehouse dues or charges, te-chien, a 
godown or storehouse for tea. 

ClliCll (R. id. = col. tsoa"), mean; low and coarse; 
my (in some phrases) in polite expressions. 







iam-chien, to reject with disgust. 

chien-beng, my name, chien-mia", id. pi- 
chien, in a low or humble position, ha-chien, mean, 
as employment or station, pin-chien, very poor. 
chit--e chien-jin, what a low fellow! said in scolding 
an inferior for acting very improperly, phoat-chien, 
fond of scolding and quarrelling, said only of a woman., very mean and low, as character; very 
worthless, as a thing, chhau-chien-kut, having a 
mean manner or appearance, as a rich man wearing 
mean clothes, or associating with low characters; also 
said of an over-humble manner, as of a man who will 
not accept our hospitality in full, e.g. sleeping on floor 
when asked to take a bed, or sitting on a stool instead 
of a chair, chhau-chien-siong, id. chien-kut- 
siong, id.; also said of oneself (when reproving an idle 
inferior), "I go through hard work." 

ClliCIl, to play as children, rather in a troublesome 
way. chien-thang (troublesome insect!), said in scold- 
ing a child, chien-chhiu, over-playful and trouble- 
some, restless and mischievous, as a child, chien- 
kha chien-chhiu, id. kha-chhiu chien, id. 

chhiu chien, fond of pilfering small things, &c. 

gau-chien (C), joking; practical jokes; mischiev- 
ous, bo-gau-chien (C), this is a serious matter; this 
is no joke; dangerous or serious, as state of affairs. 

Cllict [R. a joint, a term, circumstances or items, 
chastity, moderation, = col. tsoeh, tsat.] 

su-si pat-chiet, the four seasons and eight princi- 
pal terms of the year. 

chiet-tsau, to memorialize or report to the emperor, 
phau-chiet, to carry an express despatch from a high 
mandarin to the emperor. 

koan-chiet, having secret underhand dealings with 
officials, so as to have one's matters settled, thong 
koan-chiet, id. siau-chiet-bok, unimportant, as 
of matters, money, &c. cheng-chiet, circumstances 
of a case, liok-chiet, all the circumstances, particu- 
lars, or reasons of an affair, very minutely and plainly, 
to-chi-chiet, troublesome or confused with many 
details, as an affair; troublesome to deal with, as a man 
who is changing his mind or plans, or raising some new 
troublesome item, kau-chi-chiet, id. toa"-toa" 
chi-chiet, id. chi-chi chiet-chiet, id. 

chiet-khiam, careful and economical, bo-chiet- 
che, too free and lavish in the use of money (v. che). 
u khi-chiet, to have such self-respect or conscience, 
as not to meddle with shameful or improper matters. 
liam-chiet, correct in behaviour, not covetous or im- 
proper, tiong-hau liam-chiet, faithful, filial, pure, 
and not covetous, chiet-chho (R. ), keeping one's 
character free from stain, beng-chiet, good character. 
pai-beng sit-chiet, to ruin one's own character for 
ever, as by adultery, or some very great and shameful 
wickedness, oan-beng tsoan-chiet, reputation per- 
fectly good in life and death; esp. of a widow or a man- 
darin; said also of an affair managed well from first to 
last, and brought to a good termination. 

cheng-chiet. pure and chaste, as a virgin, or as a 
widow refusing to marry again, chiet-hau, do. and 
remarkably filial (v. hau). chiet-hng, an archway in 
memory of such a lady, chiet-hu, a widow who never 
marries again. chiu-chiet, to remain always so. 
chiet-lu, a perpetual virgin, as on account of the death 
of her betrothed, or some other important reason, chiet- 
hu liet-lii, constant widows and suicidal virgins, 
chiet-liet, committing suicide for such a cause, as 
virgin or widow, chin-chiet, to commit suicide, as a 

widow; or as a mandarin in the hands of enemies, &c. 
kai-chiet, to marry again, as a widow. 

Cllict [R. to break, to deduct], to reduce (as money) 
from one denomination to another; to take off discount; 
to make a composition for a debt, by money or goods; 
to contradict to one's face. 

iau-chiet, short-lived. chiet-hok, to diminish 
the fated portion of one's own good fortune; said of a 
man taking his full swing of the power, honour, or plea- 
sure within his reach; or of a too fastidious man, refus- 
ing good common food ; or of a careless thoughtless 
fellow, living above his income. 

chiet — lang, to contradict a man to bis face, tng- 
bin chiet—lang, id. kong-6e chiet— lang, id. 
chiet lang-e-6e, id. 

chhut-bi-chiet, to pay money in lieu of rations to 
solders, chiong-mih" chiet-gun, to compound for 
a debt by goods or articles valued at so much, chiong- 
mih" chiet-chi", id. 

chiet-khe--sia n , to reduce to dollars (v. sia"). chiet- 
gun, to reduce to dollars or taels. chiet-chi"-sia", 
to reduce from taels or dollars to cash, chiet-chi", id. 
chiet phai n -chi n -tsui, to allow a due measure of 
discount when all the cash are good, because custom 
allows several bad cash in each hundred. 

chhu-chiet, to pay only a percentage or composition. 
chhi-chiet (C), id. chhu-chiet heng--i, to make 
a composition for the debt, ka — i chhu-chiet, id. 
h.& — i chhu-chiet, to accept a percentage as payment 
of the debt, chhu-pat-chiet, to pay 80 per cent. 

theh-chiet, to accept a percentage as payment. 
liah-chiet, to take off discount, as on price of goods. 
pat-chiet, taking off or allowing 20 per cent, discount, 
or reckoning a composition at 80 per cent. (s. joint). 
tsoe-pat-chiet-shg, id. tsoe-poeh-chiet-poa", 
taking off 15 per cent, discount, chiet-siau, to take 
a composition on a debt. 

phah-chiet, to take off discount, as on price of 
goods, or as on a dollar that has some fault, phah- 
chiet-thau, id. bo-chiet-thau, an enormous dis- 
count taken off, e.g. about half the price on goods 
slightly damaged. boe--liau, bo-chiet-thau, to sell 
at a great loss, iau-u chiet-thau, the discount 
though large is not ruinous, causing little or no loss on 
the cost price. 

tho-chiet, to collect or demand a percentage on a 
debt that cannot be paid in full, tho kui-chiet, 
what percentage have you recovered] tho u-kui- 
chiet, id. tho-poan-chiet, to get 50 per cent, 
tho-chhit-chiet, to get 70 per cent. 

Cllict, rancid; having a tainted smell, bi chiet- 
chiet, the smell is tainted or rancid, chhau-chiet, 
having a tainted smell, as salted fish, &c. chiet-bi, 
id. au-chiet, id. 

Clliet— bak-chiet (T.), a shell -fish like the 
"th&-poe," but larger. 

Cllict (R. id.) chiet-kang, Chekiang province. 
ban-chiet,the two provinces of Fuh-kien and Chekiang. 

Cllict [R. quick], liau-chiet, quick, as at seeing 
what course is best in the case; good at determining and 
acting with decision; ready at understanding when the 
case is hopeless, accepting the situation and making the 
best of it. kin-chiet, quick in general, bin-chiet, 
clever, talented, skilful, or energetic. 

lien-chiet, passing rapidly up from one honour or 
office to another in succession, kan-chiet, abridged, 
for clearness or brevity; in summary. 





Chi6t [R. to cut off, to obstruct, = col. tsah, tsoeh]. 
chiet-ter chhiu n -kiap, highway robbery, chiet- 
tiong p6-toan (to cut the long to mend the short), to 
make up what is deficient in one by what is over in an- 
other, e.g. to excuse a man's faults for his other excel- 
lencies, chiet-chi, to terminate, as a stated payment 
at a fixed date, chiet lang-e-6e, to interrupt a man 
when speaking (v. oe). poan-chiet-beh, stockings 
of two colours or stuffs joined in middle, poan-chiet- 
i, a dress of which the body and skirt are of different 
stuffs, poan-chiet-tef, half wood and half plastered 
(above and below), as a partition; half wood and half 
glass, as a door. 

bat-chiet, securely closed; closely shut up, so that 
one cannot see in or steal. 

Cllih (R. chiap), to receive, esp. with ceremony, 
chih — lai, id. chih-chiap, to receive, as a friend or 
customer (v. chiap). ngia-chih, to go out and receive, 
as a friend or visitor, tan-chih, to go out and wait 
for (v. tan), chill lang-kheh, to receive visitors or 
guests, chill-sin, to receive the spirits when they 
come down again on 1.4. chih -put, to receive (with 
offerings, &c. ) an idol carried in procession, chih-pan, 
to receive the coffin into the house, chih hoan-tsu, 
to receive the tablet after the burial, chih-chiau, to 
kneel and receive the imperial commands. 

chih-tsai-boe-tiau, too heavy to bear, as a load or 
a disease. chih-koa"-teng, sheds for mandarins rest- 
ing on journeys. 

clllll — chih-tsuh, mischievous, properly said 
only of children. 

Cllih (R. chiap] liap?), to fold; to turn down, as a 
leaf, chih-kim, to fold idolatrous imitation gold 
paper, chih-tsoa, to fold paper, chih-sa", to fold 
clothes, chih-hun, a crease; a mark left by folding. 

chhiu-chih, a small memorandum-book for the 
pocket, folded back and forwards, chhiu-ehih-a, id. 
khioh-chih, made to fold in alternate folds, as a 
bamboo sail, chhia chit-chih, take out one reef of 
such a folding-sail. 

Chih (Cn.), chih— ge, = chit-e, this. 

Clllll (R. siet), the tongue, chih-e, the part of the 
mouth below the tongue,, the root of the 
tongue; the tongue, chih-thau ngi n , thick indistinct 
speaking, chih-be, the point of the tongue, tioh 
chih-be, to lisp and speak somewhat indistinctly. 
tiuh chih-be, id. tiuh chih-kun, to speak very 
indistinctly, having great difficulty in getting out the 
words, the initial consonant being indistinct or wanting 
altogether, tioh chih-kun, id. chih-kun te 
(string of tongue short), said of man about to die. 
kong-6e, te-chih-kun, stuttering or stammering, 
liah lang--e chih-kun, to catch peoples' meaning 
from casual hints in their talk, as fortune-tellers, &c. 
oan-kui thiu-chih-kun, said of a man unexpectedly 
manifesting his own guilt before a mandarin, teng- 
chih, stuttering or stammering, toa-chih-kau, 
speaking with difficulty and indistinctness, as from a 
large tongue, or in great sickness, toa-chih-kiet, id. 

chih-a, the uvula, he-chih, a tongue of flame. 
niau n -chih, a cat's tongue; a sort of edible fish, he - - 
chih-loe, a coarse file (lit. tiger's tongue). h6-chih- 
tauh, the self-acting bolt of a latch or lock, such that a 
key is needed to open it. koe-chih-tau, projections 
below the ends of beams in roof of a Chinese house (lit. 
fowl's tongue), ke-chih-a (C. ), a sort of spear with 
a straight flat blade. 

thd'-chih, to protrude the tongue. tsoa ther- 
chih, self-acting bolt of a lock; also, the end of a beam 
projecting through a wooden pillar; also, the sloping 
pavement at the gate of a yamun. na"-chih, to put out 
the tongue for a moment, as in wonder or fear, koah- 
chih, to cut out the tongue in punishment; also, an 
enchanter's trick. 

gau-tiig chih-koan, good at putting the best face 
on a story, or a new face on an argument, when pressed 
hard, without any regard to truth, goa ka — li liam- 
chih, I will pull out your tongue (said to children, &c. , 
when talking improperly). m-kia"--i liam-chih, I 
am not afraid of his finding fault with what I say. bo- 
lang-ti" goa-e-chih, there is no one who can keep 
me silent. 

chhui -chih, the mouth and tongue, u-chhui- 
chih, good at making polite talk, as with visitors, &c. 
in-chhui in-chih, always taking the last word. 6h- 
chhui 6h-chih, to repeat a man's words in his presence 
in a mocking way; to repeat to a man what has been 
said against him behind his back, boa-chhui boa- 
chih, to talk a great deal to no purpose, chhui 
chiam, chih lai, too fond of talking, often so as to 
give offence without meaning it. chhui ti", chih 
kut, words soft and deceitful, chhit-chhui poeh- 
chih, equivocating and lying, lun-chhiii khiu"- 
chih, to restrain one's appetite or one's anger so as to 
keep silent, khang-chhui p&-chih (chewing one's 
tongue in an empty mouth), to make false, deceitful 
promises, chit-chhui thoan-chit-chih, to pass 
from mouth to mouth, as a report, chhui kap-chih 
u-si sa"-khap (or "sa n -gai"), even friends and rela- 
tives sometimes quarrel. 

Clllll (R. chict), to break, at-chih, to break, as 
a stick, &c. chih-li-li, broken quite asunder, chih- 
hun, mark of a fracture, esp. after it is mended, chih- 
thau, broken at the head (s. tongue). chih-be, 
broken at the point or tail (s. tongue). phi"-oa" chih, 
nose naturally too fiat between the eyes (v. phi"). 
phah-chih lang--e kef-pi", to cut short a man's 
talk so that he docs not gain his end. kut chih, 
bah lih, flesh and bones broken, kha khe, chhiu 
chih, foot distorted and arm broken. 

tsoan — chih, to break by twisting, e.g. a key in a 
lock, tsam — chih, to break by stamping on. tsam — 
chih, to sever by one blow of a chisel, tsam chih, 
the chisel is broken, kng — chih, to break (as a pole) 
by too heavy a weight in the middle, tang — chih, to 
pinch off, as a flower. hiap--chih, to break by bend- 
ing back and forwards, as a nail, khap — chih, to 
break by accidentally running against. kho--chih, 
to break by accidentally pressing upon, che — chih, do. 
by sitting on. teh--chih, do. by falling on. un-- 
chih, do. by coming against. 

Chilli [R. to pour out gently, careful], to kiss. 
sa n -chim, to kiss, kha sa"-chim, toes turned in- 
wards in walking, chim i-e-kha, to kiss his feet. 
chim-chhui, to kiss the lips, chim chhui-tun, 
id. chim chhui-phoe, to kiss the cheek. 

chim chit-tiam-a, to taste a very little, as wine 
(cf. "lim" and "chip"). 

chim-chiok, to consider carefully; to be cautious, 
as in examining well before acting. 

Chilli [R. moral maxims], (C. tsom). chim-gien 
(R. ), moral maxims; (X.) the book of Proverbs, siii 
koan-chim (R.), following the proper rules of man- 
darin action, i — e koan-chim ho, his conduct as a 
mandarin is good. 








chim 50 

Chilli [R. stm, to search], C. =A. jim, to feel in 
one's pocket for a thing. 

Cllllll (R. sim), a crab, ser-kh.ak-ch.iin, a good 
firm, full crab, chim-jin, eggs or roe in the crab. 
chim-ko, soft yellowish meat in male crab, chim- 
in, the round excrescence on belly of female crab, chim- 
kong, crab's pincers, chim-kong-bah, the large 
thick muscle between a man's thumb and finger, said to 
be wanting in men who have a tendency to leprosy. 
chim-kong-ngeh, surrounding an enemy by two 
troops meeting. 

pang-chim, to put out wicker-work baskets to catch 
crabs, chim-her, a sort of fish that feeds on crabs. 

Cllllll [R. a pillow], (Cn. chiam). 

au-chim, the projecting part of the back of the head 
just where the neck joins, thau-khak-chim, id. 
chim-thau-kut, the bone at that place chim-kut, 
id. thau - au - chim (Cn. ), that part of the head, 
chim-tsu, a large boil or carbuncle on back of neck. 
chim-au-eng (C), id. ut-chim, neck stiff and sore 
from sleeping in a constrained position. 

khd-chim, the cushioned back of a ceremonial couch 
(slightly raised) for resting the elbow, tin-chim, a 
rattan pillow. oan-iu"-chim, a pair of pillows given 
to a young couple, as symbol of love (v. iu n ). 

chim-thau, a pillow, chim-thau-siu n , a long 
narrow box made to be used as a pillow, and for holding 
valuables. chim-thau-te, a pillow-case (foreign). 
chim-thau-tho, do. without ends, chim-tho, id. 

Cllllll (R. id.), (C. sim), wife of father's younger 
brother; title of elderly women, a-chim, do. in ad- 
dressing her. rh chim, aunts-in-law, in general. 

sio-chim, wife of younger brother, when said of a 
man; wife of husband's younger brother, when said of a 
woman. chim-po, wife of paternal grandfather's 
younger brother; form of addressing an old woman. 

Chilli (R. id.), to soak, to steep, to soak in. chim- 
khi-thau, soak it thoroughly, chim-tsui, to soak 
in water, chim-tsui-chha, wood that is water-logged 
or saturated with water, chim -chili, to soak in 
liquor, as medicine. chim-mih n e-chiu, liquor in 
which things have been steeped to improve the flavour. 
chim te-a-iu, to steep fragrant things in camellia oil 
to make hair-oil. chim thng-sng, to dissolve sugar- 
candy in water. 

chim-tsu, quite soaked, as a field with constant 
rains, chim-tam, soaked by being steeped, chim-- 
si, to be drowned. 

chim-le (X.), baptism by immersion (lit. by soak- 
ing), chim-le-kau ( X. ) the Baptist church or system. 

chim-khi, the yellow persimmon. 

<*hllll — tsui-chim (T\), name of a bird= "tsiii- 
kham-chhs",'' or "hi-chhiok." 

Chilli (T. ), = A. jim, in the names of many places, 
e.g. "chioh-chlm." 

Chill [R. tin, precious], chin-tsu, a pearl. 

Cllill (R. id.), real; correct; really true; very — . 
chin-sit, true, chin-chia", really, truly, chin 
bo-ioh, certainly there is no resource, chin-sim, a 
true heart. chin-ke, real and counterfeit (v. k6). 
chin-si, really dead. 

tang-chin, certainly. teng-chin, of first-rate 
excellence (as things); very strict, as a master (or man 
with whom we have dealings) who will not let faults pass. 
teng-chin, to write out the fair copy from a scroll. 
ko-chin (r.), certainly, jin-chin, diligent in one's 
duty and proper work, u ki n -chin e-se-tsai, sufli- 


cient proof of the truth can be given, kheng-chin, 
to examine into the real facts, as of a rumour (v. kheng). 
thia n -bo-chin, to make a mistake in hearing, li 
tioh-thia"-khi-chin, take care that you hear exactly. 

chin-ho, very good. 

goa chin-a m-tsai, really I do not know, goa 
chin-tiu 11 m-tsai, id. bo-chin-tiu", not certainly. 
bo-chin-tiu" beh-khi, he does not seem to intend 
to go. ki"-chin-tiu", when it comes to the reality 
(not mere talk). ki"-chin-tiu", chiu m-ka", when 
it comes to the reality, then he dares not. chin-kim 
put-pha n -he, real gold does not fear the fire, he 
chin, ke sit, the articles are good and the price fixed. 

chin chho, thoan le, four sorts of Chinese char- 

kang-chin, incense used in the worship of "thi n - 
kong." kang-chin-hiu", id. 

chin-bu te-kun, name of an idol, = hifin-thien 
siong-te. sun-chin-jin, a Tauist priest of the sur- 
name "sun," deified as god of medicine. tiu n -chin- 
jin, another idol. tiu"-chin-kun, id. kher-chin- 
jin, another idol of surname "kher." ge-chin-jin, 
another (v. ger). 

Chill [R. seng, to ascend; a measure], a small mea- 
sure, -jV of a "t&u;" sometimes called a pint or a catty, 
but not exactly, bi-chin, a small rice-measure, chit- 
chin-bi, one "chin" of rice. 

tsui-chin, a dipper for a bath, for lading out water, 
made with one straight handle. 

Chin [R. a ferry; to moisten], thien-chin, the 
city Tien-tsin (Cn. thien-tin). bo-chin-ek, wanting 
moisture in mouth and throat (v. ek). 

Cllin — koa"-chin, a large reed used in making 
partitions, &c. (v. koa"). 

Cllin — chhi n -chin, a sudden start or impulse, 
acting in a sudden impulsive way. 

Cllin — tsui chin, hi-hien, when the water is 
clear the fish appear (better "chheng"); innocence will 
come clear at last. 

Chill (C), =A. cheng. kut-chin-hoe, a sort of 
disease; v. cheng. 

Cllin (R. sSng); a line for use in building, &c, for 
making a straight line; a plummet or chalk-line, &c. 
chin-soh, id. chin-soa", id. hun-chin, a chalk- 
line, used by tailors, &c. bak-thau-chin, a line 
used with a black powder; an ink line. 

khan-chin, to stretch a line, as a building-line or 
ink-line, &c. toa"-chin, to touch the stretched line 
with the finger, so as to make the mark, tui-chin, 
to apply the plumb-line, making it hang down, tui- 
chin, made according to the prescribed rule or proper 
pattern. 6e-tui-chin, sure to succeed, as a request, &c. 

tsun-chin, a pattern or rule (fig.) u-tsun-chin, 
accurate, as instrument or workman; truthful or correct, 
as conduct, bak-chiu u-tsun-chin, able to measure 
at a glance, or to touch any point one may wish. 

Cllin (R. id.), the state of Tsin, at the N.W. of the 
empire, one of the greatest states of the Chow dynasty; 
the dynasty that overthrew the Chow; a surname; to be 
carefully distinguished from "chin." 

chin-tiau, the Tsin dynasty, between the Chow 
(chiu) and the Han. chin-si-6ng, the tyrant who over- 
threw the Chow dynasty, changed the feudal empire into 
a centralized empire, and built the great wall. 

Cllill (R. thien). po-chin thien-but, to use 
things wastefully, = p&-cheng thien-but. 

Cllill (R. id.) chin-che, to assist by alms. 







Cllin (R. id.) chin-kiu (R.), to deliver, chin- 

khi (R. ), to bring into prosperity (as a god); to become 

prosperous and flourishing. 

J(£ Clllll (R. id.), a state of the Chow dynasty, not 

--i - * nearly so famous as "chin," from which it is to be care 

1Z\ fully distinguished; a dynasty. 

chin-tiau, the Chin or Tsin dynasty, divided into 
the Eastern and Western Tsin, a.d. 265-419. 

chin-kang, the district (Hien) in which Chin-chew 
city (tsoan-chiu-hu) stands, chin-kang-koai", id. 
chin-kang-li, said of a very stingy miserly man. 
'31?* Chin (R. id.), one of the eight diagrams, chin- 

/s> koa, id. 

f *^-~ Chin (C), = A. cheng, witness. 
4 f . Chin [R. to enter]; to advance (lit. or fig.); to pay 

\\i (as tribute); to offer (as ceremonial offerings); to become 
^— — ._ a graduate. 

chin-cheng, to advance; formerly, sai-boe-chin, 
to make no progress in sailing, as from contrary tide, 
chiam-chin, to make gradual progress, chin-pe\ 
to make progress, as in learning or excellence, chin- 
tek, to make progress in learning, chin-iah, to ad- 
vance in wealth, &c. chin-ek, to make progress in 
literary excellence. thiam-teng chin-tsai, get 
more sons and more wealth. chin-ehi n (Cn.), a bird 
like a small magpie ( = tsui-kham-chhe"), supposed to be 
an omen of increasing wealth. 

chiong-chin, to grow rich, from a state of poverty, 
by one's own exertions, put-chiong-chin, idle and 
ill-behaved, without sense of shame, so as to be of no 
use in the world; said especially of the unworthy de- 
scendants of diligent and honoured parents, put- 
chiong-chin-han, id. 

au-chin, the back part of a house; posterity, esp. 
good. phai n -au-ehin, bad descendants, he-chin, 
posterity who are a credit to their parents or ancestors, 
chin-tsoe, to marry a wife and stay for a time in 
her father's house, chin-pang, to enter the bridal 
chamber, as the bride does about the beginning of the 
marriage rites at the husband's house. 

chin-kong, to pay tribute, chin-chiok, to obtain 
a higher grade of nobility; to present a cup in worship- 
ping the spirits, chin-chiu, to bring forward wine in 
worship, chin-sien, to bring forward offerings of rice, 
&c. , for the spirits. chin-hiu n , to bring the incense- 
stick to the principal worshipper, that he may present 
it in worship; to bring incense from a more sacred 
temple, chin-tsu, to introduce an ancestral tablet 
into the ancestral hall. chin-tsong, to place the 
coffin in the grave. 

in-chin, to introduce; to recommend, as a person or 
a friend, as for employment, in-chin thau-le, to 
get a situation for another. 

chin-su, a graduate of the third degree; a Tsin-sze 
(v. su). chin-tiong, to get a degree, in general. 
chin-6h, to become a Sew-tsae (siu-tsai). chin-bun- 
6h, to become a literary Sew-tsai. chin -bu- oh, to 
become a military Sew-tsai. pi-chin (lit. ready for 
entering), candidates for the Sew-tsae degree whose 
essays are good enough, but who fail to get the degree 
because the legal number is made up; they are expected 
to graduate next year. 

chin-the, to advance and to retire, chin-chin 
the-the, hesitating in manner, chin-put-chin, 
the-put-the, in a very troublesome dilemma, chin- 
the liong-lan, id. chin-thoe liong-lan, id. 
tsai-chin-thoe, knowing what should be done or not 

done in given circumstances, chin-cheng the-au, 
to go forward or draw back, as troops, or as a party in 
a quarrel, chin-m-chin, the-m-the, very irreso- 
lute in purpose; will not choose either way. lat-hi 
ho-chin, hi-chin; be-ka ho-the, rh-the, the "lat" 
could easily push on through the net, as its head is large; 
the "b6-ka" could draw back, as its head is small: but 
each tries the opposite, and is caught; said of a man in 
trouble doing just the worst thing he could. 

Chin (R. id.), to complete; to exhaust; exceedingly; 
to the utmost. 

tsu-chin, to commit suicide, chin-chiet, to com- 
mit suicide, as a widow; or as a mandarin fallen among 
enemies, siu-sff kai-chin, the fated time having 
come, one must die. 

chin-thau, to the very end; to the utmost, chin- 
be, the very end. chin-tsai, exceedingly, chin- 
ho, exceedingly good, chin-chit, to fulfil all the 
duties of one's office, chin-tiong, thoroughly faith- 
ful, chin-sim, with all the heart, chin-lat, with 
all the strength, hui-chin sim-lat, to exert one's 
self very much, as in managing an affair, chin- 
cheng, to exert one's self to the utmost for another. 

chin-hoat-pan, to examine into and punish a crime 
with the full rigour of law. siu-chin hong-song, 
much exposed to wind and frost, as travellers, chin- 
hong sai, to sail as near the wind as is possible with 
full sails, chin-phang sai, id. ; said also of exerting 
one's influence to the very utmost, rh-thang chin- 
liong, do not use your influence, &c, to the very 
utmost, chin-liang-ku (C), very very long time, 
chin-kun, leaving no power of redemption, as in sale 
of property. 

liau-chin, all expended, bo-liau bo-chin, end- 
less; inexhaustible, boe-chin, boundless, kong- 
boe-chin, subject inexhaustible, kam-un put- 
chin, thanks boundless, bo-kiong-chin, without 
limit or end. bu-kiong-chin, id. bu-kiong bu- 
chin, id. tsai kiong, lek chin, strength and re- 
sources all spent. 

ClliO [R. chiau, plantain, arum, &c] geng-chio, 
the plantain; the banana, keng-chio, id. ge-chio 
(C. ), id. chit-ki geng-chio, a whole stalk of plan- 
tains; the whole produce of one plant, chit-pi geng- 
chio, one whole bunch making a complete circle round 
the stem, which is cut across, chit-e geng-chio, one 
single fruit of plantain, chit-tiau geng-chio, id. 
chit-tsang geng-chio, one plant of plantain. 

pa-chio, a tree like plantain with a large leaf (v. pa). 
bi-jin-chio, a sort of red arum, lin-tsui-chio, a 
medical plant (sort of arum ?). in-tsui-chio, id. 
chio-hioh, leaf of plantain or arum. 

chio-koah, a very strong yellowish stuff (colour of 
plantain), made of cotton and coarse silk mixed; it is 
hard, rough, and absorbs perspiration, so as to be cool 
though thick, chio-a-per, id. chio-a-sa", dress 
made of it. chio-sa", id. chio--e, made of this stuff'. 

ChlO (R. chiau). he-chio, pepper. h§-chio- 
kong, a pepper-box. he^-chio-hoe, a pattern like 
small flowers, cut on wood-work, or printed on foreign 
calico, chio-liau, spices for cooking, hoa-chio, a 
sort of white pepper, hoe-chio, id. 

ClliO (R. chiau), to invite; to call; to beckon; to 
enlist, as soldiers; to call in, as confederates or converts; 
a written confession of guilt; a beacon set on a rock or 
bank; to get a son-in-law who adopts the surname of the 
family he marries into. 










chio-be\ to enlist (soldiers), chio gl-bin, to enlist 
volunteers or militia, chio-iong, id. chio-kun 
boe-be (enlist an army and buy horses), said in scold- 
ing children for making noisy play with companions. 

chio -be, to propose a sort of subscription club for 
mutual help, chio gau-lang, to invite wise men to 
take office or employment. 

chio kia"-sai, to take a man into the family as son- 
in-law, so that he changes his surname. hty-lang- 
chio, to marry thus, taking the surname of the bride, 
and becoming a memberof theirfamily. chio-huiong- 
tsii, to get a second husband that he may take care of 
the children. 

chio sio-ti, to invite a younger brother to be born, 
as the elder children are supposed to do. chio-hfln, 
to invite the soul of the dead (shortly after death), as is 
always done, chhit-jit chio-hiln, to do so on the 
seventh day after death. 

chio-in, to invite, as to do something, chio-chip, 
to call together, as for some enterprise. sa n -chio-io, 
to lead one another to do anything (v. io). khah-koe- 
chio, readily going along with others when asked (good 
or bad), chio-he - , to talk in a polite and hospitable 
manner to visitors or customers, chio-kheh, to in- 
vite customers by polite talk, chio-boe chio-boe, 
to invite to buy and sell, chio-pai, a sign-board with 
characters or emblems. 

ui-chio, to sign a confession, as of a capital crime. 

chhah-chio, to set up a beacon, e.g. a branch stuck 
on a sand-bank. 

CIllO (R. siau), few ; to diminish or take fewer. 
tsoe-chio, many or few; much or little, in quantity; 
number or quantity, in the abstract; more or less; how 
many, or how much, m-tsai tsoe-chio, don't know 
how many or how much, chio-lang-chiah, few 
people eat it. chio-kheh, very abundant; very nu- 
merous; sometimes said somewhat ironically, chio- 
khoeh(C), id. te-chio, deficient; not enough, chio- 
chhui-chih, a man of few words. 

kiam-chio, to diminish ; to make fewer or less. 
chio joa-tsoe, how much less? how many fewer? how 
many are wanting? chio chit-e, one fewer; there 
wants one. chio chit-e, one blow fewer, beh-chio 
lang-chi n , wishing to pay people less than was pro- 
mised, or than ought to be paid, boe-chio — tit, can- 
not be made less; no reduction can be made, kam- 
goan chio-theh, willing to take less, e.g. a composi- 
tion on a debt. 

Clll6 (Cn.), in some phrases = tsau, to walk: better 
tsi6, q.v. 

Chi6 (R. chiau), to shine; to illuminate; to see or 
make a reflection, or image, or shadow; to be opposite 
(as wall, &c. ); a passport, clearance, or diploma. 

chio-bin, to look in a mirror; to illuminate the face. 
chio-kia", to look in a mirror, chio chhien-li- 
kia", to look with a telescope, chio ham-kia", to 
look with a microscope. chio-ki n , to look carefully at 
a thing, as by the light of a lamp, or as in a mirror, 
chio-ki" lang'-ia", to see a man's shadow cast by a 
lamp, chio-lang-ia", to reflect a man's figure in water; 
to cast a man's shadow, as a lamp, chio-lang-hg, id. 
chio-tsui-ia", to reflect (as one's self) in the water, 
jit chio-ia n , the sun casts a shadow, of anything. 
chio-ji-hg, to cast the shadow of a word (on a rock, 
&c. ), so as to trace its outline for cutting, chio-he- 
ia n , id. ; also to use for our own use the light from a 
neighbour's lamp, chio-he, to illuminate, as by lamp 
or candle, chio-hoe (C), = A. chioh-he, to warm 

one's self at a fire, chio-kng, to shine; to reflect light. 
jit chio, the sun shines on — . chio-jit, to be illu- 
minated by the sun, as a mirror or the surface of water. 
sai-chio-jit, illuminated by the light of the western 
sun, as a room. 

bak-be chio--chit-e, chiu-tsai, to understand 
by a single side glance. 

chio-chhiu", the "reflecting wall" placed right 
opposite the chief gate of a temple or yamun (v. chhiu"). 
tui-chio, to be right opposite as such a wall, or as one 
house opposite another, or as the spider called " bai- 
kiii," that causes a sort of nightmare(l). khit-i-chio, 
to be so affected by that spider, to-chio, to reflect 
light; said of a house on opposite side of a court, e- 
chio, to be right opposite, but on a lower level, as a 

koan-chio, to have reference to, as one passage of a 
book to another, &c. 

chip-chid, a passport; a license for trade; a diploma 
of purchased rank issued by local mandarins. p&-chi6, 
a diploma of purchased rank issued by the Board of 
Office, kip-chio, a diploma of purchased rank ; a certi- 
ficate or deed for public ground sold by mandarins; and 
such like documents; to give a clearance to a ship or a 
license to a man. kiau-chio, to give in the ship's 
papers on arrival, tsun-chio, a port clearance. nia n 
tsun-chio, to get the clearance, before leaving harbour. 
pai-chio, the papers of a vessel, the register and the 
clearance; smaller local junks need only the clearance 
(chio), without the "pai." 

Cllio (R. chiau), Tauist rites of thanksgiving to 
obtain good fortune or avert calamity, sam-tiau- 
chio, these rites celebrated for three days, tsoe-chio, 
to perform such rites, tsoe-chheng-chio, to fast 
and have these rites, tsoe-he'-chio, to have them as 
thanksgiving for rain, her-chio, rites to keep away 
tigers, or in expiation for having killed a tiger, to ap- 
pease the spirit of the tiger, tsde-he^-chio, to do so. 
tsui-chio, rites performed on the water to appease the 
spirits of drowned men. he-chio, rites after a destruc- 
tive fire, to ward off fires, peng-an-chio, rites to 
ward off calamity and get prosperity. thi"-kong- 
chio, such rites in honour of Yuh-hwang Shang-ti. 

phah-chio, to have these rites (as sailors do) in a 
temple on shore specially engaged for the purpose, to 
which the idol from their junk is carried for the 

chio-toa", a room or gallery for a shrine made across 
a street (raised above a man's height) for these rites. 
ke-chio-toa", to be consecrated in such a shrine, as 
an amulet, chio-prig, a bill put out by the Tauist 
priests stating when the rites are to be held; it is beau- 
tifully written like printing, contains the names and 
subscriptions of the principal subscribers, and is burned 
as an intimation to the spirits after men have seen it 
long enough. 

ClliO (R. chiau), (C), to chew the cud. hoan- 
chio, id. 

ClliO" 1 , in all the tones; (P.), = A. chiu". 

Cllioll (R. chia), to borrow; to lend; to take lodg- 
ings; (politely used in asking). 

chioh-eng, to borrow for use; to use in a figurative 
or metaphorical sense. 

chioh-ke, please let me pass. sa n -chioh-mng, 
to ask polite questions, as on meeting. 

chioh-khia, to take lodgings, or ask permission to 
stay a short time, chioh-toa, id. 

chioh-toa n , a promissory note, thai-chioh-ji, a 







deed assigning a vessel or some property as security for 
a loan (v. thai). 

he-lang-chioh. to lend to people. chioh—lang. 
id. chioh— i, lend to him. chioh— khi, to lend. 

ka-lang-chioh, to borrow from people, chioh-- 
lai, id. la-chioh, id. (v. la), chioh-che, id. (v. 
che). chioh-pun, to borrow capital. 

seng-chioh, to get money in advance; to advance 
money. sai"-chioh (T. ), id. sia-chioh, to buy on 
credit and to borrow money, sia-chioh bien-gien, 
no credit given here. 1-chioh bien-gien, id. i- 
chioh, to borrow. oai n -chioh, to be constantly bor- 
rowing money before paying what is due, or asking help 
(under the name of borrowing) from friends who have 

chioh-to sat-jin (to kill with a borrowed sword), 
to use a third party to do an injury. 
Chioll, to cut down (as small trees). 
Chioh (R. chek). mi n -chioh, a cotton quilted 
coverlet in a net-work of cross-threads, phah mi"- 
chioh, to make such a coverlet. 

Chioh— na 11 — chioh (T. Cn.), to stay over a 
night, or a shorter time. 

Chioh (R. sek), (C. chi6). chioh-sio, to warm 
one's self, as at a fire, chioh-he, to warm one's self 
at the fire; to warm a thing slightly at the fire, chioh 
he-thang, to warm one's self with a portable basket- 
stove, chioh-jit, to warm one's self in the sun. loh- 
sng, u-jit-chioh: er-koa". si-bo-ioh, in frost one 
has the sun to warm himself, but cold wet weather is 
deadly without remedy. 

Chioll — ng-chioh (Cn.), a seed-bed for young 

Chioh ( = chhioh), (P. chiah). kha-chioh-toe, 
the sole of the foot, kha-chioh-te (C), id. 

Chioll — toe-chioh, the foundation, as of an 
affair; the original history, as of a house, &e. ; e.g. to 
whom it originally belonged, how bought, &c. ; the good- 
luck of a house, others having had good health or pro- 
sperity in it; the good-luck of a shop, as to its position 
or good name, &c. u-toe-chioh, to have some pro- 
perty; to be in good health; safe and good, as title-deeds 
or a business or a property, ho - toe - chioh, id. 
phah— khi ho-toe-chioh, to make good arrange- 
ments or good rules from the beginning, so that all goes 
on well afterwards. 

Chioll — loe-chioh, the lower horizontal part of 
a plough, on the end of which the share is fixed, le- 
chioh (C.), id. le-au-chioh (C), id. thoa-chioh 
(C), id. 

Cllioh (P.), = A. C. chek, younger uncle. sa n - 
chioh, third brother of father, younger than he; (but 
"sa"-chioh" (A.), to lend or borrow, becomes "sio- 

('hioll (R. sek), a stone; a rock; granite; a sur- 
name; a measure, = ten "tau." 

chioh-tsam, a chisel for cutting stone, khui- 
chioh, to quarry rocks, phah-chioh, to work stone 
in any way. chioh-kang, stone-cutters, phah- 
chioh sai-hu, a stone-cutter. phah-chioh-sai, 
do. phah-chioh-sai, to make a stone lion, chioh- 
sai, a stone lion. 

chioh-khang, a hole in or among rocks, chioh- 
tsoa n , a fountain among rocks, chioh-tang, stone 
ballast, chioh-ki, a stone foundation, chioh-pai. 
a small stone tablet, as at a grave, chioh-pi, a large 
stone tablet, as with a long inscription, chioh-kai, a 

boundary -stone. chioh -tsu, stone base of pillar, 
chioh-gim, a long stone step round a house, chioh- 
hak, a stone vault, chioh-hak, a medicine (v. hak). 

chioh-iu, dust and very small chips from stone- 
cutting, chioh-phe, chips of stone, chioh-kak, 
large broken pieces of stone, chioh-thau, a stone; 
a rock of a massive or rounded form, chioh-poa.", 
a large flat rock, chioh-phe, a large low flat rock, 
chioh-per (C), a large stone or piece of rock (v. 
p»). chioh-sun, a tall pillar-shaped rock, chioh- 
sun, a stone tenon, chioh-nng, pebbles or stones 
worn round by water, toa-liap chioh-nfig, large 
water-worn stones used in rough form for seats, chioh- 
lan, a hard knot or nodule in a stone or rock, chioh- 
tun, a short cylindrical stone (v. tun), chioh-lun, a 
stone roller. 

to-chioh, a whet-stone or grindstone, boa-chioh, 
id. po-chioh, a gem, a jewel, a precious stone, po- 
chioh-lam, a very fine rich blue; ultramarine, chhi 11 - 
tau-chioh, green granite. chioh-chhi"-sek, dull- 
green, like the Amoy green granite, he-chioh, flint. 
he-chioh, lime-stone, chioh-he, lime made from 
lime-stone, hip-chioh, the load-stone, gun-chioh, 
a touch -stone for rubbing silver on. sin -chioh, 
arsenic, siah-chioh, marble, hun-chioh, a stone 
from which face-powder is made. 

chioh-liu, a yellow wood for furniture, chioh- 
tek, a thin hard bamboo with short joints, chioh-ko, 
a cooling medicine, chioh-hoe, a sea plant from 
which a cooling gelatinous drink is made, chioh- 
kang, a large sort of frog, chioh-soeh, a small 
green crab that creeps into crevices. 

Chiok (R. id.), (C. chiak). chiok-iok, a sort of 
peony, chhiah-chiok, the red peony (used medici- 
nally), peh-chiok, white peony, pek-chiok, id. 
hang-chiok, peony from Hang-chow, counted very 
good, kui-kiong chiok-te, the four medicines called 

Chiok [R. a candle, = col. chek], also (P.), = chek, 
a candle, hong-chien-chiok, a candle before the 
wind, said of the uncertainty of an old man's life, 
hiong-hoa teng-chiok, incense, flowers, lamps, and 
candles, in honour of idols. 

Clliok (P. ), = chek, a younger uncle, &c. 

C'lliok [R. a foot, enough], enough; full measure, 
or a little more. 

chiok-kien, evidence enough that — . 

chiok-giah, enough, tsap-chiok, quite sufficient; 
complete, chhiong-chiok, abundant; having abund- 
ance, hiet-khi chiok, having a full-blooded consti- 

tsu-chiok, self-sufficient ; proud, chiok-goan, 
having all one's desires fulfilled. moa n -chiok sim-i, 
id. (v. i). ti-chiok, contented, sim ti-chiok, id. 
put-ti-chiok, covetous, greedy, unsatisfied and dis- 
contented, &c. jin-sim put-chiok, man's heart is 
never satisfied. 

chiok-eng, sufficient for use. i-sit chiok-eng, 
food and clothing sufficient, chiok-tang, full weight. 
chiok-chhin, just correct in weight, chiok-sia", of 
highest purity, as silver (v. sia"). khun kau chiok- 
bin, to have had a thoroughly good sleep (v. bin). 

hu-chiok, having enough and to spare; wealthy, 
hu- chiok, to supply enough for use, as for one's 
family, or for persons in our employment, hu-chiok 
her-i-eng, id. hu-chiok i-eng, id. 

khah-chiok, rather more than full amount, as of 









time, measure, weight, &c. (generally put at the end of 
a clause), e.g. chit-trig khah-chiok, fully ten feet, 
a very little more, tsap-tau chiok, fully ten of the 
measure "tan," or a little more. 

heng-te, ju siu-chiok, brothers are like our hands 
and feet, hu-kui tsai-chhiii-chiok, wealth and 
honour are shown by the hands and feet, in fortune- 

CHIOK (R. id.), to invoke a blessing; a surname, 
chiok-hok, to pray for a blessing on another; to in- 
voke a blessing, chiok-hok-khi, id. chiok-sia, 
to give thanks to a god. chiok-bun, a written prayer, 
read aloud and then burned, as in worship of Sages. 
chiok-siu, to express good wishes for a man's long life 
on his birth-day, as by visit, letter, card, or presents. 

CHIOK [R. a ceremonial cup, a rank of nobility], 
(C. chiak). chin-chiok, to get a higher grade of 
nobility; to bring in a cup of wine to present to the 
spirits in worship, chiu-chiok, a large wine-cup with 
three legs, used in sacrificial offerings, le-pan -chiok, 
wine-jug and wine-cup, used at ancestral rites, &c. 

kong-chiok, rank of duke, ho-chiok, rank of 
marquis. pek-chiok, rank of earl. tsii-chiok, 
rank of viscount, lam-chiok, rank of baron. 

Chiok [R. to order]. chiok-thok, to intrust 
with, as a message or commission, or affair, chiok- 
hu (r. ), to give special instructions for work or message. 
chhien teng-leng, ban chiok-hu, very careful 
and repeated instructions. mai"-chiok, to bribe or 
suborn in any way; to hire for any bad purpose, e.g. 
villains to injure another by violence, or false witnesses, 
&c. mai"-chiok jin-sim, to buy or steal the hearts 
of the people by improper means, ui-chiok-ji (R.), 
last will and testament. 

ClllOk [R. to pour out], (C. chiak). chim-chiok, 
to be careful to consider well before deciding or acting; 
to act deliberately and thoughtfully. chim-chim 
chiok-chiok, id. 

Clliok— chiok-koan (T.), =A. chek-koan, as 
you please. 

ClliOIlg — hiong-chiong, hurried and careless; 
reckless from haste, hiong-hiong chiong-chiong, 
id. hiong-chiong-chiong, id. 

Cllioilg [R, end; to the end], lim-chiong, to 
come to the end of life, sien-chiong, an easy death 
by old age or by a disease that is not painful, kun- 
tsu oat-chiong; siau-jin oat-su, in the case of a 
good man it is called "end;" in the case of a bad man 

chiong-sin, all one's life long, chiong-jit, the 
whole day. chiong-si-lang (T.), one's whole life 
long, sien-ok, chiong iii-po, the good and bad have 
their recompense at last, chiong-kui, in the long 
run; to the last; always said in scolding or finding fault, 
e.g. chiong-kui, si chit--ho e-lang, to the last 
he will be that sort of fellow, will never improve, but be 
as bad or worse. 

si-chiong, beginning and end. si-chiong ju-it, 
constantly the same from first to last, tsu-si chi- 
chiong, from the first to the last, bu-si bu-chiong, 
without beginning or end. 

Cllioilg [R. a chapter, =col. chiu"], (C. chiang), a 
surname. t&-chiong, a seal. 

ClliOIlg [R. about to], (C. chiang), particle used 
for introducing a noun in the clause before that which 
contains its verb, almost like "eng," e.g. chiong-sim 
pi-sim, to judge of another's feelings by our own. 

chiong chit--e tai-chi, ka-i-kong, tell him this 

chiong-kun, the Tartar general of province; title 
of some idols (v. kun). 

chiong-kun, nearly the same; almost synonymous; 
near in time, or meaning, or amount, chiong-chiu, to 
take what we can in default of better (v. chiu). ker- 
put-chiong, to do a thing we do not wish, because 
there is no other way possible; to take a plan that is 
unpleasant or bad, because it cannot be avoided, or to 
avoid a greater evil, = " put-tek-i." ke-put-ki- 
chiong, id. ko-put-ji-chiong, id. 

chiong-lai, afterwards, chiong-sin chiong-gi, 
half believing, half doubting. 

Chiong [R. a bell 1 a cup?], a surname, chiong- 
kui, a spirit that rules demons or ghosts (v. kfti). 

Chioilg (P-)> in several words in the several tones, 
= A. cheng. 

Cllioilg fR- to follow; from], chiong-tiong, 
from among them, among them, chiong-lai (r. ), 
hitherto, chiong-kim i-au, henceforward. 

chiong-koan, to act somewhat beyond one's autho- 
rity, under the pressure of necessity or very urgent cir- 
cumstances, chiong-koa", to be in the mandarin's 
hands, as a case. 

chiong-tong hia n -ti, second cousins (v. tong). 
chiong-it-phin, the lower section of the first or red- 
button mandarins (v. phin). 

chiong-siok, to follow usual customs (v. siok). i-o 
chiong-su, to follow blindly the leading of another. 
khiok-i siong-chiong, to follow another's will, put- 
ting a restraint on one's own desires, gien theng, 
ke chiong, his words are obeyed, and his plans fol- 
lowed, kai-ok chiong-sien, to reform the evil and 
follow the good, tek ki-sien, ji chiong--chi, to 
choose the good and follow it. jin iu sien-goan, 
thien pit-chiong — chi. Heaven certainly fulfils the 
good desires of men. 

Cllioilg [R. ti6ng, to increase; by change of tone 
from "ti6ng" long], (C. chiang). chiong-chin, to 
grow rich out of poverty (v. chin). 

Clliong (R. seed, = col. cheng]; also (C), = A. 
cheng, seed, hit-chiong-mng e-lang, that sort of 
people (depreciatory). 

sio-chiong, Souchong tea. chiong-poe, a sort of 
Souchong, chiong-ki, a cheaper sort with small stalks 
in it. beng-chiong-te, very fine Souchong, beng- 
sek-chiong, id. khe'-koe -chiong, Souchong from 
the place called "kher-koe." 

Clliong (Cn. ), = A. chiang. po-chiong, to praise 
and encourage, as an inferior, &c. per-chiong, id. 

Clliong (Cn.), =A. chit; this, these. 

Hi lOlt g [R, the palm of the hand, = col. chili", to 
rule, = col. chiang]. hiet-chiong, the palm of the 
hand naturally red (v. hiet). hap-chiong, to place 
the palms together as in worship, hap-chiong pai, 
to worship by putting the palms together and so bowing. 
hap-chiong-bo, a cap with a ridge in the centre, like 
hands so placed; worn by Buddhist priests, and by chil- 
dren for good luck. 

chiong-koan (esp. Cn.), = A. chiang-koan, to rule, 
to have the management of. 

Cllioilg (R. id.), (C. chiang). lui-chiong, blind- 
ness caused by the eye getting covered with white; some- 
times also protruding. 

cllioilg [R. tiong, to hit the mark; by change of 
tone from "tiong," middle], (C. tsong). put-chiong- 








iong, very dull in intellect, so as to be useless, as a 

cllioiUJ [B. all, = col. cheng] ; also (C), = A. cheng, 
all. h6-chidng\ having the power of living harmoni- 
ously with all. tong-chiong, to collect a crowd of 
people for some bad purpose, tso-to hek-chiong, 
deceiving the multitude by false teachings, as Tauist 
priests, iong-chiong (B. ), crowded together, as per- 
sons, lang-be iong-chiong (r.), people in great 
crowds, chidng-kun sat-jin, tsoe kip tsii-soe, 
if any one in the army kill a man, the responsibility is 
on the general; a superior is responsible for the evil that 
he allows his inferiors to do. 

si-chidng, to warn all men by the terrible example. 
ke — teh si-chiong, put in the cangue as a warning 
to others, kui — teh. si-chiong, hung up as a terrible 
warning, as the head of a criminal. 

tai-chiong-ia, a hideous paper figure, the chief of 
the "all souls" of the rites called "pher-ter;" some say 
the aggregate of these spirits (s. officer), tai-chiong- 
ia. (C), = A. cheng-kong-ma, temples containing tablets 
that have no descendants, hau tai-chiong-ia, (C), 
to worship all the spirits of these tablets at once. 
cllioilg (C), = A. cheng, to sow seeds carefully. 
cllioilg [B. a high military officer), (C. chiang), 
a word forming many titles of high military officers and 
of idols, tai-chiong, a high military officer, beng- 
chidng, a brave do. 16-chidng, an old do. (v. 16). 
lu-chiong, a female warrior; said also of a woman 
who is too bold and forward in speaking to men. 
chham-chidng, = chham-hu, an officer about rank of 
colonel, hu-chiong, the next rank ( = hiap) above 
that, chiong-siong, very high civil and military 
mandarins, as generals and ministers of state, chiong- 
soe, high military officers, as generals and commander- 
in-chief, chiong-leng, a general's orders, chiong- 
tai, a raised platform at review-ground, where an officer 
stands to give orders. 

chien-chiong, skilful in military matters, as mili- 
tary officer; skilful and bold in the management of any 
sort of matter, put-chi chien-chiong, very skilful 
and successful in managing matters. 

chiong-ia (Cn.), = A. chiang-ia, underlings of the 

er-chiong, gambling cards with the word "ehiong" 
in black, ang-chiong, such cards with "ehiong "in red. 
he^-chiong, an image of a tiger that is worshipped 
(v. her), chioh-sin-chiong, stone figures at graves, 
su-tai-chiong, four idols (attendants on Tfii-to- 
kong) worshipped together: gamblers trust much to their 
incense ; one of them is specially powerful ; so they say . 
"lam-siu-keng 6 tai-chi&ng; chit-sien chiih, sa"-sien 
si6ng" (v. siong). tai-chiong-ia, any one of these 
four idols; also (T.) a deified tiger (s. all), koan- 
chiong-ia, images made with a sword as body, and 
only a human head instead of the handle; placed as 
attendants on idols, esp. on "ong-ia." koan-chiong- 
thau, do. esp. five such. sa n -tsap-lak koan- 
chiong, the thirty-six attendants of "tai-to-kong. " 
koan-chiong. spirit soldiers sent by the gods to assist 
their votaries, kun-chiong, id. pang-kun-chiong, 
to send these spirit soldiers to assist, kho-chiong, 
to make offerings to them. 

cllioilg [B. tsong]. chiong-goan, the highest 
literary degree; the highest name on the list of new 
Han-lin members (han-llm) on each occasion (v. goan). 

Chip, to sip with the lips, chip-chit-chhui, to 
sip a little. chip--teh, chip--teh, sipping little by 
little (all with lips). 

1'llip (Cn.), = A. jip, to chase, chip-siang (P.), 
= A. jip-siong, to object to a house being built, &c, be- 
cause of the injury to the "hong-sui." chip (P.), = 
(C. )jip, = A. tdng, to come forward with claims, &c. , 
when a property is sold, cheng-chip (P.), id. 

Cllip [B. to hold; to hold firm or obstinately]. 
chip-siu, to observe and keep, as a rule, chip-hoat, 
to adhere firmly to strict rules, as mandarin, chip- 
chiang, to exercise, as power or authority. 

chip-su, the tablets and instruments carried before 
a mandarin ; also (X. ) a deacon (v. su). chip-thiap--e, 
the man in a yamun who has charge of calling cards. 

chip-au, very obstinate (v. ;iu). ker-chip, do. 
khu-chip, do. chip-i, do. chip-phiah, id. chip- 
it, id. chip-si-pan, extremely obstinate (v. pan). 
chip-si-soah, id. chip-si-koat, do. chip-be, 
obstinate in error or in some bad course of action, chip- 
be put-ngff, do. without the least repentance, chip- 
rh-tit (Cn.), obstinately refusing to have the quarrel 

Chip (E. chek), a sort of census roll ( = chek), ac- 
cording to which men are counted to belong to their 
ancestral districts, e.g. hok-chiu-chip, belonging 
by descent to Fuh-chau, so as to go there for examina- 
tions, &c. 

Chip (B. id.) tsu -chip, to assemble, chio-chip, 
to call together, as for some enterprise or special pur- 
pose, tsoe-chip, to assemble in full numbers for some 
special purpose, e.g. graduates for an examination; 
rowdies for a disturbance, or enemies for a feud, che- 
chip, id. 

Chip (B. id. ? chek?). chip-cheng (B.), very lonely 
and quiet, as a place. 

Cllit [B. natural constitution, simple, to cross-ex- 
amine], pun-chit, original constitution of mind or 
body, as to strength, elegance, activity, skill, or intelli- 
gence, but not as to morals, tsu-chit, natural talents, 
esp. as to literature, tsai-chit, natural talents or 
ability, khi-chit, mental or bodily character (original 
or acquired), as to talents, appearance, manner, temper, 
&c., but not as to morals, khi-chit put-chi-ho, of 
good talents or general ability, pien-hoa khi-chit, 
whole manner and appearance gradually changed (as a 
country fellow come to town), so as to get a polite and 
cultivated look, even face, &c, changed. 

chit-phak, quiet in taste, and indisposed to display, 
chit-sin (B. ), to examine the parties face to face, 
as a mandarin. 

Cllit (B. id.), official duty, station, or rank, chit- 
jim, id. chit-hun, id. koa n -chit, mandarin rank 
or office, bo-phin-chit, not having official rank, jin- 
chit, to perform one's official duties diligently, chin- 
chit, fully execute one's office, siu-chit, attend to 
one's duties. 

kek-chit, to depose from office, and degrade more 
or less in rank, sit-chit, to fail in duty, pi-chit 
(B.), I myself, said by a mandarin. 

cllit (B. chek). chit-hi, a very common small 
fresh-water fish, chit-a-hi, id. chit-hi-a, do. esp. 
the small ones, hoan-chit-a, a salted sort from 
Siam, &c. 

Cllit (B. chek), this; these. chit--e, id. chit-- 







chit-per, now. chit-tiap, id. 
tsai-chit-li (C. ), = A. 




cle (or ihid--6), id 
chit-si, id. 

Chit [R. sek, a house 
fsFii-sek-lii, a virgin. 

Chit — im-chit (C), = A. im-chek, meritorious 

chit (R. id.), to weave, chhai-chit, to weave 
coloured figures in cloth, chit-gim, to weave flowered 
silk, chit-per, to weave cotton cloth, chit-tsoa, 
woven paper made at Ehg-chhun. chit-chhioh, to 
weave mats of reeds. 

chit-ko, a' stuff like coarse white flannel, from the 
north, chit-kui, a loom. 

chit-per, to darn finely (without a patch), by stitches 
in both directions crossing each other. 

chit-lii, the "weaving girl," a star (in Lyra) which 
is worshipped on 7 "7 along with "gu-nrig. " 

Cllit [R. the back-bone, = col. chiah; the ridge of a 
hill or house]. 

soa n -chit, the very ridge of a mountain, leng- 
chit, the long ridge of a hill gradually descending so 
as to end in a small eminence; counted very auspicious. 

ka-chiah-chit, the back-bone; the seam down the 
back of a dress. 

tiong-chit, the ridge of a roof, tiong-chit-i", 
the ridge-pole, chhio-chit, the ridge of the roof 
turned up and pointed at the ends, chhu-chit, the 
ridge of a roof, chhu-chit-thau, the points at the 
two ends of the ridge, chhu-chit-be, on the raised 
ridge of a roof (any part of it), e.g. said of drying or 
sunning things on it. 

Cllit (R. id.), (Cn. chek). chit-le, a thorny shrub 
(Tribulus?) used medicinally for eruptions, &c. 

Cllit [R. a disease, = chek]. tai-chit, any severe 
chronic or inveterate disease or malformation, seng- 
khu tai-chit, to have such a disease, li-chit, dysen- 
tery, hoe-chit (T. h6e-chek), incurable and useless, 
as a man who is lame, blind, maimed, a leper, or having 
some severe incurable disease, often venereal. 

cllit (R. id. = chek). chit-tec, envy; some say, 
chek-tfr, esp. Cn. 

Cllit (R. it), one; having only one (instead of a pair). 
chit-bak, having only one eye. chit, nhg, sa n , 
one, two, three, thau-chit-e, the first (v. thau). 
sam khi-liong; liong khi-chit, three oppress two, 
and two oppress one. chit-e, one. chit-lang, one 
man. chit-poa' 1 , alike. chit-poa n -iu n , id. chit- 
iu n , id. 

chit-tsoe, all at once, chit-tui, one heap or com- 
pany (v. tui). tsoe — chit-e kau, to arrive or come all 
at once, chit-e-khoa", at one glance. 

chit-pi n , on one side. chit-pi n . . . chit-pi n , 
both . . . and at the same time, chit-hi jip, chit- 
hi chhut, in at one ear, out at the other, chit-lang 
chit-le, not having any connection with each other's 
affairs, as two persons whom you would expect to keep 
together, e.g. two brothers, or as man and wife, chit- 
lang siu n -chit-le\ wishes and aims quite different 
or opposite, chit-ho kah-chit-gai ; bo-nhg-ho 
sa"-pai, a good or good-looking man has a bad or ugly 
wife, seldom are both good; sometimes (fig.) said of 
other things. 

Cllill (R. id.), an alluvial island in a river or at its 
mouth, chiu-chhan, flat fields in an alluvial island. 
jip-chiu, just where an alluvial delta meets the sea. 

Cllill (R. id.), a department; often used in the name 
of a Foo, e.g. "chiang-ehiu-hu" (v. hii), or simply 

"chiang-chiu," &c; but by itself it means properly a 
department (chow) less honourable, and generally smaller 
and less ancient than a Foo, though not under the Foo, 
but equally governing districts (koai n ), and immediately 
responsible to the Tau-tai, e.g. LSng-na-chiu, and Eiig- 
chhun-chiu. ti-chiu, the mandarin of such a depart- 
ment, hun-chiu, assistant mandarin of do. 

Cllill [R. to give charity]. chiu-tser, to assist 
with money, chiu-tsan (T.), id. chiu-che (r.), id. 
chiu-kip (R.), to assist those who are in want. 

Chill [R. all round, complete], a surname; the Chow 
dynasty; a segment, as of a cake. 

chiu-ui, all round about, chiu-bit, kept close, as 
a secret or private affair; very careful or well arranged, 
so that there is no flaw, jin-ien chiu-bit, the smoke 
of men (of cooking fires) closely crowded; population 
numerous, as in a village or region, chiu-chi, all 
complete, none wanting, as the furnishings of a room, 
&c. ; without a flaw or fault, as a deed, or document, or 
arrangement, chiu-tsoan, to arrange so as to be 
without flaw, as a quarrel, or as a sale of property, or 
other affair, chiu-soan, to arrange for another, as a 
quarrel or troublesome affair that had become dangerous. 

chit-chiu, one segment or section, as of a cake. 
tsoeh tsoe-si-chiu, cut into four pieces by two cuts 
at right angles, as a flat cake, su-chiu-a, a sort of 
persimmon, very good to eat, having four divisions, and 
few seeds. 

chiu-tiau, the Chow dynasty, chiu-kong, Duke 
Chow, chiu-ek, the Yih-king, or classic of changes. 
chiu-chhong-ia, the companion of Kwanti. chiu- 
chiong-kun, id. 

cllill [R. a boat, a junk], chiu-san, the island 
of Chusan. iu-le>, bok-teng-chiu, if there be a road 
by land, don't go into a boat, sun-tsui heng-chiu 
(sailing with the tide), all going on well. 

Chill — bak-chiu, the eye (v. bak). 

Chili (R. id.) sau-chiii, a broom or besom for 
sweeping (v. sau). 

Cllill [R. siu, to guard], to guard; to keep carefully. 
chiii-kef (r. ), to guard, chiu-chhan, to watch the 
crops in irrigated fields. chiu-chi n -le\ a miser. 

chiu-koa", a widow (v. koa"). chiu-chiet, to re- 
main a widow determinedly, refusing to be married 
again, chili khang-pang (to keep the empty bed- 
room), to be a widow. iu n chit-e-kia" lai-chiii, a 
widow adopting a son. 

chiu-ki", to keep watch, as watchman; a watchman. 
chhia n -chhat chiii-ki", to have a thief as watch- 
man (proverb), tsoe-chhat chit-ki n ; chiii-chhat 
chit-mi n , the thief comes in one watch only, but we 
must keep guard the whole night, kau chiii-chhat, 
the dog guards against thieves. 

Cllill (E. id.), spirituous liquor in general; distilled 
or fermented liquor; generally from rice or potatoes. 

ia-chiii, cocoa-nut milk, peh-chiu, a fermented 
(undistilled) liquor, made from glutinous rice and sugar. 
peh-chiii h6-hu, a white powder used for scouring. 
ti n -chiii, sweet wine or spirit, &c. , in general, chiu- 
ti n (C), liquor fermented, but not yet distilled. 16- 
chiii, a fermented (not distilled) liquor made from rice. 
tsiii-chiii, weak liquor, khi-chiii, a weak liquor 
(mixed with water) made in Amoy. sio-chiii, hot 
liquor; spirits; warmed liquor, he-sio-chiii, strong 
spirits (from the north) that can burn, he-chiii, id. 
siang - liau - chili, strong spirits made in Amoy. 
thiam-chiii, spirits in which glutinous rice has been 





eli in" 

steeped (v. thiam). phu-to-chiii, wine; wine made 
from grapes, ioh.-ch.iu, medicated alcoholic prepara- 
tions, kok-kong-chiii, a medicated liquor invented 
by Sai Kok-kong. chiii-thau, the liquor of the first 
distillation, very strong. 

chiii-khut, dimples in the cheek near the corners 
of the mouth, when laughing, chiii-chi", payment 
for the carriage of a letter or small parcel, chiii-tsu, 
id. he , --li boe-chiii (lit. buy some liquor with it), 
take this small reward, as above, chiii-le, offerings 
of liquor made to the gods or spirits of the dead, chiii- 
liau, things eaten along with liquor, chiu-ien, a 
feast with liquor. chit-sek-chiii,one feast with liquor. 
chiu-phoh, refuse from making liquor, chiii-bii, 
the whole mass of materials (as rice, potatoes, sugar, 
&c.), all ready for fermenting. chiii-pe\ id. chiii- 
tsau, the refuse of spirit-making. 

kek-chiu, to distil spirits; to invite and excite one 
another to take liquor, go-chiii, to distil liquor (v. 
go), un-chiii, to warm liquor, phe-chiii, to take 
some condiment or cakes, &c. , along with liquor; to be 
so used, tien-chiii, to make a libation of liquor. 
tah-ehiu, to buy liquor, hoat-chiii, to make the 
loser in a game give liquor as a forfeit to the winner. 
keng-chiii, to call on guests to drink bumpers (as 
host, or as one guest to another), with bowing, &c. sa n - 
pien-chiii, three cups of liquor drunk before eating, 
sam-sun-chiii, id. 

chhia"-chiu, to invite guests to a feast with liquor. 
chhia" chhun-chiu, to invite friends to a drinking 
feast in the new year's holidays. chhia n -chiu-hi, a 
play performed for the amusement of the guests at a 
feast, chiah-chiu, to drink liquor; to be at a feast; 
to have a feast. chiah-si n -jit-chiu, to partake of a 
birth-day feast, chiah-hi- chili, to be at a feast on 
some joyful occasion, e.g. when a friend gets married or 
obtains an office, chiah-san-chiii, to drink liquor 
without any sufficient condiment, chiah-chiu-tsui, 
to get drunk (v. tsui). tsui-chiu, drunk; spoiled, as 

tsau-chiu, enervated by drink; constitution broken 
down by drink, chiu-sek, wine and women; drink 
and lust (v. sek). chiii-sien, a drunkard; one of the 
genii fond of liquor, hoat-chiu-hong, mad with 
drink, hoat-chiu-hong, to have red eruptions from 
liquor, chiii-bi, smell of liquor, u-chiii-bi, under 
the influence of liquor, chiii-i, manner of a man who 
has been drinking a little, so as to be somewhat forward, 
excitable, or incautious, chiu-liong, a man's capacity 
for liquor, chiu-liong koai", he can take a great 
quantity of liquor, chhiu-liong chhien, has small 
capacity for liquor, chiii-tek, the manner in which 
a man is affected by liquor (v. tek). 

chiu-leng, a machine for heating liquor, chiii- 
thiu, a syphon for liquor, chiu-lau, a sort of funnel 
for filling bottles, chiu-kau, a measure for liquor. 
chiu-tau-a, a small measure for lading it out. chiii- 
tiam, a liquor shop, chiu-khe - , a large liquor shop, 
chiu-lau, an upper-room in a liquor shop where guests 
are served, chili-long, a spirit shop (foreign). 

chiu-tham, a sort of jar for liquor (v. tham). chiii- 
thoh, a small jar for liquor, chiu-ang, a large jar 
for liquor, chili -pan, a sort of jug or decanter fordo, 
chiii-te-e, another sort (v. tS). chiii-kan, another 
sort like a bottle, chiii-kip-sio, a small thin earthen 
kettle for warming liquor, chiii-au, a small cup for 
liquor, chiii-chiok, a large cup used in idolatrous 
offerings, chiii-cheng, a very small cup for liquor. 

chiu-tsoa", a larger sort, chiu-poe, a large cup for 

i' II 111 (U. tsu), worm-eaten; moth-eaten; holes made 
by insects; to decay; decayed, as wood, teeth, &c. 
chiu-thang, the insect that eats bamboo; it is sup- 
posed that teeth also are eaten by an insect, chiu-iu", 
a small insect that destroys grain in granaries, chiu- 
khang, holes eaten by insects; cavities in decayed 
teeth, chiu-khi, decayed teeth, chiu-hut, a sort 
of the lichi (nfii"-chi) fruit that has a small stone, put 
chiu, the idol is worm-eaten. 

cllill — chiu-khang, to make wearisome repeated 
demands for something refused, as children; to find fault 
with a man behind his back, as for niggardly or exacting 

chili (R. id.), to make spells, imprecations, &c. 
chiu-tsoa, to swear (v. tsoii). chiu-me", to curse 
and scold, chiu-ma" (T. Cn.), id. chiu-tse - (R.), 
to make imprecations against, chiu-liam, to make 
imprecations, chiu-loe, id. liam-chiu, to mutter 
spells or make incantations, as sorcerers (tang-chi) when 
trying to become possessed, or as priests in rites, chhui- 
chiu, to repeat the incantations when the spirits have 
not obeyed the former incantations. 

chiu-chham, heavy imprecations, hu-chiu, writ- 
ten and spoken Tauist charms and spells. 

Cllill (R. id.), to approach; according to (in a few 
phrases); (to accomplish); a connective particle, then, 
therefore, or immediately. 

chiong-chiu, the best that can be got in the cir- 
cumstances; to put up with the best of a bad case, 
bong-chiong-chiu, put up with it, as it cannot be 
helped, at least in the meantime. 

seng-chiu, to complete and accomplish an affair, 
kong-beng seng-chiu, official rank attained, seng- 
li tsoe-put-chiu, trade does not prosper. 

chiu lang-e-6e, to take up a man's words and 
answer or convict him out of his own mouth, chiu- 
phio nia"-giin, to draw money on presenting a bank- 
note, &c. chiu-i-the- tsoh-i-chhiu n (lit. build the 
wall according to the mortar); to make the things for 
him according to the money he allows. 

chiu-ha chhoa (T.), =A. sun-ha chhoa, to marry 
just after parents' death. 

chiu-si, that is; just so (v. si), ho, chiu-ho, if 
you think it well, just let it be so (though I do not 
think so). 

chiu-kun, to approach, to draw near, sai-khi- 
chiu--i, sail right up to him. lak-ke lai-chiu--i, 
lit down the price to come nearer his offer, kang-ke 
lai-chiu--i, id. 

Chill", this syllable, in all the tones, becomes chier 11 
in many parts of Chang-chew, esp. P. 

Cllill 11 (R. chiong), a chapter. chiu n -tsat, chap- 
ters and verses, teng-chiu", the preceding chapter. 

bun-chiu n , a literary essay (v. bun). 

tsau-chiu", a memorial or report to the throne. 
pio-chiu", id. piau-chiu", id. 

Cllill" (R. chiong), starch; to starch; fluid matter of 
small-pox or cow-pox; (said of various things like liquid 

ther-be-chiu", deep slushy mud. th&-chiu", id. 
tau-chiu", soft bean-curd not yet pressed, koan- 
chiu", full of matter, as a pock, gu-lin-chiu" (C), 

bi-chiu n , a sort of pulp made by grinding rice with 
water, am-chiu", liquid rice-starch, rice water, hiin- 




chiu" 5b 

chiu", wheat-starch. hiin-chiu n -kff, wheat-starch 
made ready like paste. ehiu"-am, to starch with rice- 
water. chiu"-sa n , to starch a coat or long dress. 
chiu"-soe, to wash and starch, as clothes; to scold 
violently; to speak to a man in a very disrespectful way. 
chiah-chiu", to be starched, khi-ehiu", to take out 
starch, as by soaking che dress in water. 

Chill" (R. chiong). chiu n -16, camphor. chiu"- 
16 (Cn. ), id. chiu"-16-iu, sap of the camphor-tree. 
chiu"-chhiu, the camphor-tree. chiu"-chha, cam- 

chiu"-hi, a sort of cuttle-fish 


chiu"-tsu, a sort of toad (used 



Clliir (E. chiong). 
that has no bone in it. 

Chill" (R. chiong). 

CIllU" [R. siong, skirt, petticoat], i-chiu", clothes 
in general. in-chiu", id. in-chiu"-thui, a wooden 
mallet (like a club) for washing clothes. 

chili" (R. chi6ng), a surname. 

Cllill", an animal like a large tortoise; its feet are 
like fins or paddles instead of the claws of the turtle. 

Clllll", the large red-deer of Formosa. 

Clllll 11 (R. chi6ng), the palm of the hand (or sole of 
foot); the paw of a bear, &c. ; a webbed-foot. 

chit-pa-chiii", one hand held up with fingers ex- 
panded, meaning 5 or 50, or 500, &c. nhg-pa-chiii", 
both hands held up expanded, meaning 10 or 100, or 
1000, &c. sien-pa-chiii", a small prickly cactus, 
much cultivated on roofs to keep off evil influences. 

he'-chiii", a tiger's paw. him-chiii", a bear's paw, 
counted a delicacy, go-chili", a goose's web-foot, go- 
kha- chiu 11 , id. ah - kha - chili", duck's web-foot. 
ah-chiii", id. (s. oar). 

chhiii-chiii", the palm of the hand, koat-chhiu- 
chiii", to slap a child's palm with our own. kha- 
chiii", the sole of the foot, kha-cheng-chiii", the 
front part of the sole at and near the toes. chiu n -sim, 
the middle of the palm. ehiii"-hun, lines on the palm. 
khoa"-chiii", to examine the palm, as a fortune-teller, 
trig-chiii", having a line quite across the palm; lucky 
for men, but very unlucky for women. 

Cllill" (R. chi6ng), an oar. chiii"-be, the blade of 
an oar. chiii"-hi6h, id. chiii"-chhiii, the other 
half of the oar which contains the handle, chiii"- 
chheng, id. ehiii"-pe\ the band which splices these 
two parts into the one oar. chiii n -thau, the oar- 
handle. chiii"-tiah, the small cross-piece of the oar- 
handle, chili" -tiam, an oar-pin. chiii n -tiam-kek, 
the small cross-piece of wood that keeps the lower end of 
the oar-pin steady. chiu"-khau, the loop by which 
the oar is hung on the oar-pin. 

chit-hu-chiii", a pair of oars, siang-chiii", a 
two-oared boat. siang-chiii"-tai, the boatman of a 
two-oared boat, poeh-chiii", eight-oared boats (used 
by custom-house officers, &c.) 

ko-chiii", to row by pushing (done standing, but to 
pull sitting is "pien"). kah-chiu", put on the oars 
(as when the wind falls) to begin rowing, phai"- 
chiu. n -le■, inconvenient arrangement for rowing, ji- 
chiii", the oar on the left side of a two-oared boat held 
in the right hand, be-chiii", id. , the stern oar. khah- 
be-chiii", to row hard with that oar, so as to turn the 
boat's head to the right, ah-be-chiii", id. (v. ah), 
khah-jiu- chili" (C), give a stroke with the oar very 
gently. ^ 

Chili" [R. chek, this]. chiu"-peng, on this side; 
here. chiu"-tsa-khi (said in Quemoy), this morning. 

chiu"-e-hng (in Quemoy), this evening, an-chiu n - 
si (T. Cn.), thus. 

Chill" (R. chiong), a sort of sauce or condiment. 

chiu"-chiu", thick and miry, as roads. iu"-iu" 
chiu"-chiu", all softened and spoiled by wet, as things; 
all miry, as roads. chiu"-chiu" siu"-siu", softened 
and spoiled, as by damp. 

tau-chiu", sauce made from beans and flour. er- 
chiu", a dark sort. chiu"-chheng, the thinner part 
of tau-chiu". iam tsau, chiu" chher, four condi- 
ments used in cookery. hoan-kiu"-chiu", this sauce 
seasoned with cayenne pepper. ti n -mui"-chiu n , a 
preparation from yellow plums and sugar. 16-he- 
chiu", a sauce made from pickled shrimps. 

chiu"-liau, various sorts of vegetables preserved in 
tau-chiu". chiu"-koe, pumpkins so preserved, chiu"- 
kiu n , ginger so preserved. chiu"-mi"-chia, wheaten 
dough balls in this sauce. 

Chill" — chiu"-chi", troublesome behaviour of 
children wishing to be fondled and made of (v. chi"). 

Chifl" (R. iong), to itch. chiu"-iah-iah, very 
itchy; very eager for some bad gratification, as gambling 
or seeing plays, &c, so that he will not be kept from it. 
chiu"--te rh-pe; m-chiu"--te, pe kau-huih-lau 
(won't scratch the itchy place; but where is no itch, 
scratches till the blood flows), to neglect important 
matters, while very busy about what does not concern 
him. chiu"--te m-pe; rn-chiu", khong-khong- 
pe, do. pe-chiu", to scratch an itchy spot, hi- 
khang chiu"; ka"-si u-lang teh-liam goa, my 
ear itches, surely some one is speaking of me. 

Clliu" (R. siong, = col. chhiu", siu"), above, upon, 
upper, superior, former; to ascend, to go up, to come up 
to, or go above; to go to a place of superior rank; to 
raise; to place upon, or write down. 

mng-chiu", a mandarin's secretary, thau-mfig 
liam-chiu"--e, the first wife (as to time) married by 
a man. thau-chiu" — e, first-born child. thau- 
chiu"-kia", id. 

chiu"-bin, upper side; overhead; to come out on the 
face, as emotion or disease. hoat-chiu"-bin, to break 
out on the face. chiu"-thau chiu"-bin, devoid of 
shame and modesty, as a slave girl too impudent towards 
her mistress, or as a child demanding money from its 
parents, &c. 

chiu"-tsiii, to land goods from a ship; to discharge 
cargo. chiu"-mi", the edge (as of a knife) becoming 
sharp (v. mi"). chiu"-tsng, to add to personal beauty 
by dress and ornaments, as young woman, chiu"- 
khau, to put fetters on the limbs. chiu"-niu", to put 
the ridge-pole of a house in its place. chiu"-he, to 
light the lamps, as in market streets, or in great idola- 
trous celebrations, at night. chiu"-piin, to present a 
memorial to the throne; also, the previous volume of a 
book, or the first of two volumes. 

khoa"-chiu"-bak, to think well of; to respect. 
rh - chiu" - bak, to think unimportant; to despise. 
khoa" — lang m-chiu"-bak, to despise people. 

rh-chiu" chit-geh-jit, not quite a month, be- 
chiu" chit-geh-jit, id. be-chiu"-kun, not up to 
a catty in weight. chiu"-kun-koe, a fowl over a 
catty in weight. chiu"-gun, to come up to an amount 
counted in silver, as price, or account run up to so much. 
rft-tat chiu"-kiii-e-i", not worth more than a few 
cash, be-tat chiu"-kiii-e-i", id. chiu"-ke (C), 
= A. ti6ng-ke, to rise in price. 

chiu"-toh, to be placed on the table, as the articles 







in a feast (v. toh). liah-chhat chiu"-tsng, in catch- 
ing a chief get the stolen goods, as evidence of guilt. 

chiu"-chia", to write out a fair clean copy. chiu n - 
chheh, to insert in a list; to write down in a book. 
chiu"-ke-kah, to be enrolled in a census, as present 
inhabitants. mia"-ji chiu"-tsoa, to have one's name 
recorded formally or officially, chiu", to set 
down (as additional items) in a deed of sale, &c. chiu"- 
shg. to insert in an account, as an item, bo-chiu' 1 - 
shg, not counted in the number, e.g. as foreigners in a 
Chinese census; not fit to be counted, as a disabled or 
useless man or thing; need not put it down in the ac- 
count, as a small thing given extra. 6e-kham — tit 
chiu"-shg, fit to be counted, as being really fit for use. 
chili" -siau, to enter as an item in an account, kl- 
chiu"-siau, id. 

chiu"-kang, to begin work, as on each day. chiu n - 
jlm, to enter on office. chiu"-pan, to take one's turn 
of duty, as underlings of yamun, &c. chiu"-!^, to be- 
gin a journey. chiu n -kio, to begin the journey (in 
sedan) from her parents' house to her new home, only 
on that one occasion, and only of the bride, chiu"- 
miig chhoa, bridegroom going in person to the bride's 
house to conduct her to his own house. 

ehiu"-16h, to ascend and descend ; to go and come. 
chiu"-koai", to get higher rank; to go northwards. 
chiu"-tsun, to embark. chiu"-be, to mount a horse 
(v. bt$). chiu"-pi", to mount the stage. chiu n -tso, 
to go on the sacred seat (as in seventh moon) to perform 
certain rites. chiu"-hak (vulg.), to go to stool. 
chiu"-chhe, id. chiu"-au, id. chiu"-soa n , to as- 
cend a mountain; to go ashore; to go to the fields from 
a village, as for field-work. khoa-chiu"-soa", to be 

chiu"-sin, to be possessed by a spirit. chiu. n -tang, 
do. in the case of the " tang-chf," or sorcerers. 

chiu"-pak, to go to the north. chiu"-sa, to set 
sail on voyage to North China. chiu"-kia n , to go to 
the metropolis, chiu"-seng, to go to the provincial 
capital, chiu" ge-mfig, to go to a mandarin's office. 
chiu"-tng, to appear before the tribunal. chiu"-tiau, 
to go to have an audience of the sovereign. chiu n -tien, 
do. of the emperor. chiu n -thi", to ascend to heaven. 
chiu" se-hong, to go to the (Buddhist) western heaven. 

pe-boe-chiu n , unable to refund or repay enough. 

kang-hu 6h-chiu n -chhiu, the trade (work) thor- 
oughly learned, ka long-boe chiu" -tsoa, though 
taught, he cannot do it well. 

chiu n -chhiu, the title-deed by which the seller 
proves his right to sell. chiu"-chhun, early in spring. 
chiu"-ni", the former year, tser-chiu". distant an- 

chiu n -si, high officials. chiu"-ui, upper place or 
seat, i.e. more honourable. 

chiu n -kiu n , the roof of the mouth ; the palate, hg- 
chiu", upwards. toa--tioh i-bin-chiu", in con- 
sideration for him (as doing a favour to a third party), 
be-chiu", on horse-back, ltr-chiu", on the road (v. 
l&). beh-kang goa-sin-chiu n , about to come on 
my person, as calamity. 

chiu"-sia", the shang tone; the second of the four 
tones. chiu"-pia. n (C. teng-pe"), the upper first or 
upper ping tone. chiu"-khi (C. teng), the upper third 
tone. chiu"-jip (C. Wng), the upper fourth tone. 

4* S I i II El — chiuh-chiuh-hau, to squeak, as a 
rat (cf. kiuh). 

Cllillll (cf. kiuh: kiuh). tarn - chiuh - chiuh, 
very wet, as house, &c. bat-chiuh-chiuh, very 
crowded, as a street when there is a play in it. 

Cllillll (cf. kiuh; khiuh). nrig-chiuh-chiuh, 
very soft, as dough, &c. 

Cllllg, in several tones; better tsng, &c, q.v. 

CHO, chef, cho, in several tones ; better, tso, tser, 
tso, &c, q.v. 

dlOil, choa", choah, choai, choan, choat, in 
several tones; better, tsoa, tsoa n , tsoah, tsoai, tsoan, 
tsoat, &c, q.v. 

CllOe, choeh, choh, choh, chok, chom, 
chong, in several tones; better, tsoe, tsoeh, tsoh, tsbh, 
tsok, tsom, tsong, &c, q.v. 

CllOIlg' (Cn. ), = A. cheng, in some tones and words. 

Cllll, chii, chut, in several tones; better, tsu, tsii, 
tsut, &c, q.v. ; sometimes ju, jii, esp. T. 

Cllllll, chui, chui n , chun, chut, in several tones; 
better, tsuh, tsui, tsui", tsun, tsut, &c, q.v. 

CllWil, chwa", chwah, chwai, chwan, chwat, 
in several tones; better, tsoa, tsoa", tsoah, tsoai, tsoan, 
tsoat, &c, q.v. 

-^ r 



Before a, ng, o, er, o, u, u, the sound of this initial is 
often between chh and ts'h ; and sometimes (esp. in T. 
and Cn. ) the sound is almost or quite ts'h. 

Cllllil — toa-chhi-chha, great profusion of food 
at a feast, &c. (v. chhi). 

Cllllil [R. to differ, to send; cf. col. chhe, "to 
send"], (C. generally chhe), to differ; different; wrong. 

cheng-chha, difference; gen. difference from what 
is right, u-cheng-chha, it is different; not correct. 
cheng-chha lai cheng-chha khi, variations this 
way and that way. chha-chhok, error; fault, chit- 
si chha - chhok, sudden unpremeditated fault. 
chha-biu (R. ), a mistake or fault (v. biu). kia."- 
chha-le>, to behave wickedly, as gambling, lascivious- 
Dess, and drink. 

bo-chha, quite correct; the same, u-chha, dif- 

ferent; wrong, toa-chha, very far wrong; very different, 
as from pattern, chha-tit-hhg, id. chha-khi- 
hhg, id. chha bo-hng, nearly alike; nearly correct. 
chha iu-hien, id. 

chha-put-to, nearly the same; nearly correct; toler- 
able; it will do (in this one phrase C. is also "chha"). 

Clllia (R. id.), (C. chhe), to overlap, chha-oa. 
to make (a dress) overlap, without buttoning, chha- 
chhiu, to put each hand into the sleeve of the other; 
to cross the hands on the breast, chhiu chha--leh, 
do. ; the hands laid together, chhiu chha--lai, id. 

4'llllil — tiu"-chha, a piece of cloth (usually em- 
broidered or ornamented) for holding a bed-curtain close 
to the bed-post when drawn open, chha-oa, to fasten 
the bed -curtain to the bed-post in this way. 

Cllllil (R. tsa), (C. chhe), to search minutely; to 










investigate; to examine into, chha-khoa", id. tsa- 
chha., id. chha-bai (Cn.), id. ch.ha.-mng, to 
inquire into a matter, as a superior, chha-kho, to 
investigate (v. kh6). 

chha-koe, a sort of policeman who examines the 
streets and markets; belongs to the office of the military 
mandarin, chha-koe koan-hu, id. bu-ia n chha- 
koe, id. chha-ia, to make search or investigation in 
the night, as police or soldiers, chha lai-ho, to search 
the harbour and adjoining creeks (as near Amoy) for 
pirates or smugglers. 

Child, [R. tea, = col. tfi]. chha kai-bun (R), tea 
dispels sadness. 

chha (R. chhai). chha-e, a medicine (v. b). 

cllllil (R. chhai), wood; firewood; a surname; stiff. 
chha-bak, a knot in wood, chha-mia", resinous 
wood, as in fir roots, chha-thau, a block of wood, 
long-a-chha, an unsplit billet of wood, chha-peng, 
a split bit of fire-wood, chha-kher, a bundle of fire- 
wood, chha-chi, a very small bundle of fire-wood. 
chha-tsui, fire-wood and water for cooking, chha- 
liau, timber, tsap-chha-a-tiam, a shop for wooden 
utensils, as oars, &c. chha-kiah, wooden -soled shoes. 

chha-chha, stiff and unmoved, as eyes, or limbs, or 
features; as man about to die, or in catalepsy; or as an 
idle lazy fellow; or as an idol, chha, id. chha- 
chha. boe-tin-tang, id. bak-chiu chha-chha,, 
eyes fixed and motionless, as when about to die; or as 
naturally so; a look of unconcern or foolishness, bak- 
chiu chha-chha, tiau-tiau, eyes fixed, glazed, and 
staring upwards, sign of death at hand. 

chha-kang, tall and large-boned, ungainly and 
somewhat clumsy-looking, as a man. chha-kang- 
si n , id. 

phai n -kha-chha, ill-formed, as girls' feet; esp. 
from having been ill bound. pak--khi phai"-kha- 
chha, feet (of girl) ill bound. 

Cllha, [R. tsar, materials]. koa n -chha, a coffin 
(v. koa"). khi-chha-thau, to worship the coffin out- 
side the door, just before it is carried to the grave. 

chllU (R. chhau), to fry or parch on frying-pan, 
with little or no fat. kan-ta-chha, do. without any 
fat or water (s. annoy), che-chha, to prepare medi- 
cines by parching thus. chien-chha, to fry and 
parch, chha-khi-ser, fry till crisp, jiet-jiet-chha, 
to fry with little fat. jiet-chha, a small bowl of fried 
meat, at an eating-house, kui-jiet-chha, how many 
of them, jiet-chha-oa", a small bowl for holding this 
eatable, sio-chha, pork cut in very long, thin, narrow 
slices, and fried dry. sio-chha-bah, id. ml n -chia 
chha-bah, wheat dough cooked with pork, poh- 
phi n -chha, fried slices of meat (pork) about an inch 

Child, (R. chhau), to make a disturbance; to annoy 
by noise and clamour, chha-la, id. ka-chha, id. 
ka-la-chha, id. chha-jiong, id. chha kau- 
loan, make a great confusion and disturbance, as by 
clamour, kiau-chha, to annoy; to make a disturb- 
ance, chha-jiok, to make a noise, scolding and in- 

ChlliY (R. chhau, =col. chha). ta n -chha, to annoy; 
to disturb by noise and clamour. 

clllia ( = chha). chha-chha-hau, sound of water. 

Clllia, [R. chhau, paper money, &c] chi n -chha, 
money in general. chi"-chha an, hard pressed for 

Chha — chha-chha-hau, sound, as of rain or 

waterfall, or constant talking, chha-chha-lau, sound 
as of water dropping from a leak, tsui kiin chha- 
chha, water boiling violently, chhi-bu chhi-chha, 
confused indistinct sound of talking. loan-chhi- 
chha, confused or crowded, as mind with many matters; 
or as a busy market or crowd, toa-chhi-chha — 
chit-e, a tremendous turmoil, as on occasion of fight- 
ing, or arrival of mandarins or robbers. 

Clllisi n — kap--i chha"-chhiu, to throw out 
one's arms to fend off a blow. 

ChllSl" — chha n -chha n -hau, confused noise of 
gongs, drums, &c. 16-ker chha n -chha"-tan, gongs 
and drums making a loud confused noise, chhim- 
tih-chha", sound of various instruments, phah- 
chhim-tih-chha n , to strike things (to amuse a child) 
as if they were musical instruments. 

Cllliall (R. chhap). thau-chhah, ornaments 
worn in women's hair, chiam-a thau-chhah, orna- 
ments for women's head in general. 

Cllhah (R. chhap). chhah-kak, to piece (esp. 
with a triangular bit of cloth), generally at the corner; 
done in making a garment, from want of material, or 
to save it; also, an operation in the mensuration of fields 
of very peculiar shape, so as to calculate the odd corners. 
chhah-koh, to put in a triangular piece of cloth in 
the arm-pit of a dress, chhah-ng, to put in trian- 
gular pieces in the inner side of the arm of a dress as it 
gets broader, toa-chhah, a large triangular piece, as 
in the seat of trousers, sio-chhah, a small triangular 
piece in a dress. 

Cllliall (R. chhap), to insert; to set up, as in a 
socket; to plant slips, as of sugar-cane, chhah-jip, 
to insert. 

kah-chhah, suiting well together, as the several 
parts of dress, &c. chheng-chhah, manner of dress, 
as good or bad (v. chheng). u-chiap-chhah, to have 
proper connection, as the several parts of a literary 
composition, chiap-chhah lang-kheh, to receive 
and pay attentions to guests, gau-chiap-chhah 
(Cn. ), good at any work, esp. at assisting a superior. 

chhah-teh-khia, to live alone, or almost alone, in 
a place, among a people quite different from us, e.g. 
among a different surname, chhah-ti-hia khia, id. 
chhah-ku (r. ), id. chhah-ki (C. ), id. an-chhah, 
to arrange, as troops in garrisons and stations; to dis- 
tribute those who have been rebels or pirates, and have 
made submission, putting them in small numbers here 
and there, chhah kui-e, to place a few such men 
separate from their old comrades. 

chhah-ker, to join a mercantile firm, taking a small 
share (v. kef). 

chhah-chheng, to stick up branches of banyan on 
5.5. chhah-chheng, khah-kia"-leng : chhah- 
hia n , 6e tng-mia", sticking up banyan branches, we 
grow stronger than dragons; and the artemisia, we get 
long life, chhah-hia", 6e-khin-kia n , &c, and we 
get strong and vigorous, chhah-chhi", to stick up 
green twigs (as on a field when the owner or farmer owes 
money) as a sign that the land or crop is claimed; or as 
on a house on occasion of rites for good luck, or in time 
of sickness (by sorcerer's instructions), to warn strangers 
away; or as on 5.5. chhah kam-chia, to plant out 
slips of sugar-cane. 

chhah-io, to put the hands on the hip-joints. 
chhah-chhiu, id. ; or, to put the hands in \\\e. pockets 
or into the folds of one's dress for warmth, chhah- 
kio, to assist in carrying a sedan, as a third bearer; to 











hold the poles of a mandarin's sedan. bfl-chhah, to 
hold up by the arm-pits, as when helping to walk. 

chhah-hoe, to put flowers in the hair, as women do; 
to put flowers in a glass, &c. ; an additional side-sail 
(like a studding-sail) in a junk. chhah hoe-kan, to 
put flowers in a flower-jar. chhah-chek, to put a 
candle on the stick that serves instead of a socket, tsun 
chhah.-ch.ek, vessel sunk to the bottom, leaving only 
the end of the mast visible. 

chhah-hiu", to stick an incense-stick in the old 
ashes in the censer that stands before an idol, chhah- 
hd, to stick written charms in the hair, chhah-to, 
to wear a knife or sword at one's side; the 18th radical 
when written at the side, chhah-ki, to stick up a 
small flag, chhah-pio, to stick up the prize that 
serves as a goal for the dragon -boat race, chhah-pit, 
to put a hair-pencil in its stand. 

t'llllil I (R. id.), a riddle; to guess one. chhai-bi, 
to guess a riddle, chhai - khoa", to try a guess. 
chhai-tioh, to guess rightly, si-chhai, a sort of 
gambling by lines of poetry, teng-chhai, puzzles put 
on transparent lanterns at the doors of scholars, teng- 
chhai-bun, do. chhai-gi (R. ), to suspect a man or 
a matter; to have suspicions. 

Cllllili [R. tsai, to cut, to regulate, to diminish], 
(C. tsai), to cut the edges of paper; to disband soldiers 
because too many; to diminish the number of officers to 
a command or division, not as punishment, but perma- 
nently for economy. 

tsu-chhai, to determine definitely; to settle autho- 

toa-tsong-chhai, the examiner for the Tsin-sze 

seng-chhai, ground-rent levied by military man- 
darins on government ground, esp. on the sea-beach. 

chhai-hong, a tailor, chhai-h6ng-chhiu n , a 
mandarin's tailor, ehhai-chhioh, the foot-measure 
used by tailors, longer than that used by carpenters and 
masons (v. chhioh). 

chhai khah-chio, to diminish the number, as of 
soldiers or officers. 

chhai-to, a knife for cutting even the edges of paper, 
chhai-tsoa, to cut the edges of paper even, chhai- 
chheh, to cut even the edges of a book, as in binding. 

Cllliai (R, id.) chhai-long, a wolf. 

cllllili [R. tsai, materials], chhai-liau, materials. 

cllllili [R. just at the time], chhai -chhai - 
chiah-lai, arrived just now. 

Cllliai [R. coloured ornaments; ornamental hang- 
ings; an omen; a present, esp. with idea of good-luck]. 

sin-chhai, expression of face, esp. as to health or 
intelligence, u-sin-chhai, to have a look of vigorous 
health, animation, or intelligence, sin-chhai chiok, 
id. bo-sin-chhai, having a spiritless, aimless look. 
bo-sin bo-chhai, id. 

chheng-chhai, clear, bright, and fair, as weather; 
genteel and polite in appearance, as wealthy or literary 
man. khi-siong chheng-chhai, happy, cheerful 
look (of men or things), khah chheng-chhai, in 
better health now. pak-te^-lai khah -chheng- 
chhai, feeling better. 

chhai-tiau, an omen, ho-chhai-tiau, a good 
omen, chhai-thau, an omen, thau-chhai, id. ; 
red cloth put on the bow of a junk at the new-year for 
good luck, ho-chhai-thau, a good omen. phai n - 
chhai-thau, a bad omen. 

tsok-chhai, to make a present of money to a man 

that he may have good-luck, sang-chhai, to present 
a long piece of red stuff (silk or woollen), as to a man- 
darin on some joyful occasion; to perform rites on the 
occasion of burning the idol "ong-ifl." kat-chhai, to 
hang up ornamental hangings, as at idolatrous celebra- 
tions, kat chhai-lau, to make a temporary pagoda 
of bamboo and wood, ornamented with bright colours, 
and at night hung all over with lamps; a great idola- 
trous concourse is held for several days, chhai-lau, 
this temporary pagoda; also (r.), an ornamental upper 
room, as for women, chhai-lg, street full of coloured 
hangings at an idolatrous display, iu-soa" chhai-l&, 
to have the idol carried in a procession through the 
country, and also to have these hangings in the streets. 
chhai-kio, a red bridal sedan, chhai-peh-tiam, a 
shop for the clothes used in burial. 

chhai-chit, to weave coloured figures, chhai-ui, 
to paint in various colours, chhai-sek. vari-coloured. 
nge"-chhai, having five colours; variegated, nge - - 
chhai-hun, a five-coloured variegated cloud, khi- 
nge-chhai, to reflect bright colours, as a diamond, 

kong-chhai, bright as a mirror, or as the sky when 
the sun is about to come out; bright as a healthy red 
or ruddy face; also (R.), very richly decorated, hoa- 
chhai (R.), very richly decorated. 

Chhiii (R. id.) u-chhiu-chhai, paying atten- 
tions, as to a visitor (v. chhiii). 

Chlliii [R. chhau, to annoy, = col. chha]. kai- 
chhai, to annoy, to tease; to torment by annoyances. 

Cllliai (R. id.), to pluck, as flowers or tea-leaves; 
(to buy), (worth while), (perhaps), (a spindle), chhai- 
hoe, to pluck flowers; to sip honey from flowers, as bees. 
chhai-te, to gather tea-leaves. 

chhai-pan, to select and buy, as goods, chhai- 
boe, id. chhai-tiah, to send out and buy grain from 
many places, as merchant or mandarin, phai-chhai- 
mai n , to levy forced contributions from rich men under 
the name of buying rice. 

thih-chhai, a thin iron spindle on which the thread 
is rolled by the spinning-wheel. chhai-tsun, the 
leather-guard on it separating the thread from the end- 
less band. 

chhai-lien-koa, a song sung at the procession of 
the idol "6ng-ia." chhiii" chhai-lien, to sing this 
song at the procession, chhai-lien-thau, the prin- 
cipal subscriber for a boat (ong-tsun) for that idol, 
tsng-chhai-lien, to dress him up in great splendour 
on the occasion, chhai-lien-kha, the other con- 

chhin-chhai, at random; no matter how; anyway; 
carelessly (v. chhln). kiam-chhai, perhaps; if per- 
haps, khiam-chhai, id. thiam-chhai, id. tiam- 
chhai, id. tu-chhai, id. 

bo-chhai, alas ! how unfortunate ! said of the death 
of a person or of a thing being destroyed, chin bo- 
chhai, how very unfortunate! (as above), bo-chhai 
hit-e-lang, alas for that man, as when dead or having 
committed some very shameful action, making him in- 
famous for ever, bo-chhai hit-e-mih n , said of a 
thing quite lost or spoiled, bo-chhai-chhui, talking 
is of no use. bo-chhai-kang, not worth the trouble; 
to lose one's pains, bd-chhai kha-kut, tho-kha 
khit-le-kia", a long walk to no purpose, bo-chhai 
in-pe-bu si n --i, it was not worth while for his parents 
to get such a son. 

Cllllili (R. id.), vegetables, esp. mustard plant and 




cabbage ; meat or any condiment to rice ; vegetarian food 
as opposed to animal food. 

chhai-thau, a long sort of turnip; the head man of 
a vegetarian hall and society. 

chhai-gek, false jade-stone. 

chhai-iu, ground-nut oil. sng-chhai, pickles. 
chhai-kap, the common pigeon, not the carrier (v. 
kap). chhai-ien, a native sea-weed (used to make a 
jelly like bird's-nest). 

chhai-bu, a very salt kind of sauce, chhai-tsui, 
juice of vegetables. chhai-ta'\ a load of vegetables 
carried to market, chhai-koai", a stalk of a veget- 
able, esp. of mustard, chhai-pau, minced long tur- 
nips mixed with various things (meat, &c), rolled up in 
a thin cake and fried, chhai-p^, long turnips sliced 
and salted, kiam-chhai, the leaves of the mustard 
plant salted for food, khong-chhai, long turnips 
salted and boiled soft,, cold vegetables; 
to weigh vegetables, liam-chhai, to pick off leaves 
and other refuse from vegetables before cooking, toh- 
chhai (C), id. (v. toll). 

chhai-chi", money paid for various condiments, 
meat, vegetables, &c. , and all except the rice, chhai - 
kheng, a basket for buying meat, &c. , for household use. 
tsu-chhai, to cook meat, vegetables, &c. , all except 
rice, boe-chhai, to buy meat and all sorts of condi- 
ments, animal or vegetable; a comprador who provides 
provisions, pan-chhai — e, a man who makes meals 
or feasts for sale. ka--lang pan-chhai, to make 
read}' such meals, pan-chhai, to procure and prepare 
food, as for guests, an-chhai, please eat! pien- 
chhai, common ordinary fare; pot-luck; a plain com- 
mon meal, chher-chhai pien-phg, id. le^-chhai, 
dried or salted meat and other condiments for use on a 
journey, sang-le-chhai, to present such meat or 
condiments to a friend or mandarin on his starting for 
a journey. 

chho-chhai, animal food and vegetarian diet as con- 
trasted, chheng-chhai, vegetarian diet, chiah- 
chhai, to be a vegetarian, chiah-tng-chhai, to be 
a strict vegetarian at every meal, chhai-kau, the 
vegetarian sect, chhai-tng, a vegetarian hall or lodge. 
pan-chhai-toh, to prepare a vegetarian meal, chhai - 
put, idols that have no animal food offered to them, 
chhai-png, cheap and poor offerings to the spirits (v. 
png). chhai-kong, a vegetarian keeper of temple, 
appointed by priests to cook for them, but not himself a 

chhai-soe, vegetables in general, chhau-chhai, 
vegetables and other small plants, chhai-koe, a long 
soft sort of cucumber, chhai-tau, a bean with a very 
long pod ; used in the pod. tau-chhai, sprouted beans. 
chhai-hoe, cauliflower (v. hoe), koa-chhai, the 
mustard plant, peh-ehhai, cabbage, ko-le-chhai, 
foreign cabbage, chhai-ki, si-bak «a n -tui, one 
should be equitable in dealings (fig. from embroidery). 

dlllcli — be-ka-chhai, young "b6-ka" fish, a 
few inches long. 

4*llli:i i — bak-sin chhai-chhai, eyes looking 
firmly and intently. 

cllhcli — am-ktin chhai-chhai, neck very 
stout and stiff. 

Clllltli, to set; to place; to place firmly; to be placed, 
as an idol, chhai-put, to set up an idol; to have an 
idol in the house, chhai sin-tsu, to set up ancestral 
tablets, chhai-i, to set a chair, chhai-toh, to set 
a table, chhai teng-he, to set a small lamp. 

ka-nng-jit chhai ti-chia, all day here, without 

62 chham 

ever going away! as an idle fellow; or as a petitioner 
urgently asking and refusing to go away. tia"-tia" 
chhai--teh-che, id.; sitting (either as idle man, or 
person urgently pressing something). 

cllIlAi (T. sai, On. sai). chhai phoa-noa", very 
urgent and quite devoid of shame or self-respect, in trying 
to get what one wants; as child taking no denial; or as 
a beggar that you may scold, insult, or beat, but he 
won't desist; or as poor relative or acquaintance who 
will have something from us whether we will or no, = 

Clllltil ( = sai). chhai um-tok, to conspire against 
a man; to cause evil or trouble to a man by secret plots. 

Cllliai n (T. ), = A. chheng, a thousand. 

<"llllAi n (T.), = A. chham. chheng, silk-worm, &c. 

<*lllliii" (T.), = A. chheng, a sort of dusting brush; 
to dust or brush with it. 

Cllliai" (T.), = A. chheng, to waste lavishly. 

<*ll llili" ( = chhai). chhai"-ui, to paint in colours. 

<*llll<li" — chhai"-sek, to work in colours, as in 
painting or embroidery, &c. chhai"-peh, some white 
put on aground of another colour, chhai" koa-ang, 
put on a little red. beh-chhai" sim-mih-sek, 
what colour do you wish to put on? 

CIIIISIK, a scroll (as a map or picture) for hanging 
up. chit-pak-chhak, one scroll, chhak-koai", the 
rollers of scrolls, chhak-tsoa, thick paper used for 
scrolls, pe-chhak, thick paper used for scrolls. 

Cllllclk — chhak-khia, stiff, as well-starched 
clothes, or as thick paste-board. 

Cllllilk (R. chhok), to cut with a chisel; to pierce 
or stab; (a chisel), chhak-a, a chisel, poe-chhak, 
a broad chisel, about two inches, chhun-chhak, a 
chisel one inch broad, hun-chhak, a narrow chisel, 
from one-tenth to four-tenths of an inch, si-hun- 
chhak, a chisel four-tenths of an inch broad, kng- 
chhak, a gouge. pi"-chhak, a broad chisel with thin 

chhi-chhak, to grieve, as if piercing the heart; 
pained and dazzled (eyes) by the sun. ka-le-chhak, 
close fighting hand to hand. chia n -chhak to-phut, 
cutting, slashing, and piercing, as in close combat: 
cutting the material so as to spoil and waste it, as ar 
unskilful workman. 

ngi n -chhak, too hard, as fur or hair; too stiff and 
determined, as language. 

chhak-he, to caulk, chhak he-tsoa, id. chhak 
p6-lau, to caulk and stop leaks, chhak-hoe, to 
carve flowers; to carve, cnhak-khang, to make a 
mortice, chhak-siin, to make a tenon. 

Cllliaill (R. id. ), to mix; to report an officer's mis- 
conduct, as his superior does, accusing him to a still 
higher superior. 

chham-siong, to deliberate together. 

chham-hu, a military or naval officer, below a 
"Map;" sometimes called a colonel, chham-chiong, 
id. chham-bef, an officer who assists in planning 
battles, &c. 

kah- chham --teh, mixed together. sa"-lam- 
chham, mixed, as good and bad, of the same sort of 
article, chham-lam, mixed, chham-chhu, mixed 
in confusion, chham-chhi, id. chham-lai chhap- 
khi, id. chham -chhui, mixed in confusion, as 
several sorts or sizes, when all ought to be uniform; or 
as room all in disorder. 

ho chham-phai", good and bad mixed. ho-phai n 








chliain 63 

chham-poan, good and bad mixed in about equal 
proportions, chham-thiig, to mix some sugar, 
mrig chham-peh, hair partly gray, chham khah- 
poh. to dilute, as tea or liquor. 

Cllliaill [E. the silkworm], (C. chhfing, T. chhai", 
Cn. chhtii' 1 ). chham the-si, the silkworm vomits 
silk, kh.iong-ch.ham, a medicinal preparation of pre- 
served silkworms. 

clllia III (cf. kham, chhiam, chhim). phah toa- 
chham, to beat large cymbals, toa-chham-ke, a 
pair of large cymbals along with drums, chit-hu 
toa-chham, a pair of large cymbals. 

cllliaill (R. id.), wretched; miserable, chham - 
chhoeh, id. chhi' 1 - chham, do. chhi n -chhi n 
chham- chham, very miserable and wretched, chhi"- 
chham lok-phek, id. ai-oan chhi n -chham, be- 
wailingone's miserable fate, ai-chham, deeply grieved. 
chham--ah, alas! 

chham-tam, affairs all gone wrong; countenance or 
sky overcast, chham-song, wretchedly poor, tioh- 
chham, to meet with calamity, tng-chham, just 
now become very miserable, chham-chhut, a tragedy. 

<*ll lia III (E. chham ?). chham-peh, gray, as beard 
or hair, white and black mixed. 

cllliaill (It. id.), to foretell; to prognosticate. 
chham-gu, a prophecy, chham i-e-ho, to prog- 
nosticate good fortune for him. chham i 6e-ho, id. 

chiu-chham, imprecations and curses; incantations 
against others, liam-chiu liam-chham, to perform 
incantations against others. 

cllllillll [E. to repent, rites for the dead, &c.] 
keng-chham, Buddhist religious books, chin-keng 
chin-chham, true books of religion (Buddhist), che- 
chham, Buddhist rites for the dead (v. che). pai- 
chham, to perform such rites, pai-chham-tsoe, 
id. pai-tshg-chham, to perform very expensive rites 
for the dead for several days. 

Cllllillll — chham-chham, long continued, as 
rain or tears, bak-sai chham-chham-lau, tears 
flow in streams, her chham-chham-loh, rain for 
several days steadily. 

C ll liail (E. id.), to murmur, as water running, or 
as kettle simmering, tsui chhan, water murmur- 

cllliail, to groan; to moan. ai"-ai n -chhan, to 
groan sadly. hai"-hai"-chhan, id. chiap-chiap- 
chhan, to groan incessantly, as a sick man. hi n -hi n - 
chhan, id. he n -he n -chhan, id. 

iau chhan, pa chhan ; chiah-pa, kio kan- 
lan, always grumbling and complaining, even when 
just having eaten enough, khau-chhan, to complain 
without cause, or for insufficient cause, gau khau- 
chhan, always murmuring and complaining without 
cause; falsely complaining of poverty, &c., only said in 
scolding people for being dissatisfied, li teh-khau- 
chhan, you dissatisfied murmuring fellow! 

Cllliail (C), = A. chheng, a thousand. 

cllliail (E. id.) chhan-jiok, having no powerful 
influence to back one, and therefore weak in a quarrel 
or feud. 

Cllliail [E. a feast, a meal], it-jit sam-chhan, 
to have three meals a-day. boan-chhan (X.), the 
Communion; the Lord's Supper, hoe-chhim bong- 
chhan ( E. ), to forget to eat and sleep, as from grief. 

clllia II (C), a silkworm. 

Cllliail (T.), a large hank of yarn or hemp fibres. 


Cllliail [E. chhan, feeble, weak], chhan-chhoa", 

a small sort of eel. 

cllliail (li. tsan). cruel. chher-chhan, violent 
or cruel; fond of fighting, striking, or injuring people. 
sim chher-chhan, cruel-hearted. sim put-chi- 
chhan, cruel, pitiless, chhiu put-chi-chhan. fond 
of fighting and striking, chhan-chhiu, id. chhan- 
thau, rough and violent, as a coarse low fellow, ready 
for anything bad (s. field). 

cllliail — chhan-chhau (C), =sin-chhau, a 
plant from which a cool jelly is made. 

Clllliill — chhan-i n , a dragon-fly. 

Cllliail (E. ti6n), an irrigated field; a surname, 
chit-khu-chhan, one irrigated field, chhan-iu.", 
a flat plain of rice fields, chhan-khu, irrigated fields 
in general, chhan-be, fields in general, ch.ha.n- 
hfig, cultivated fields, either wet or dry. chhan-ti 
(Cn. T.), id. 

chhan-hoa", raised boundaries of irrigated fields (v. 
hoa n ). chhan-keh, subsoil of afield (v. keh). chhan- 
giap, landed property, chhan-tser, rent of fields. 
chhan-khoe, deed of sale of fields, chhim-chhan, 
deep miry rice fields. 

tsoh-chhan, to cultivate fields, esp. irrigated fields, 
tsoh-chhan-lang, a farmer, khui-chhan, to be- 
gin to cultivate waste land, laying it out for irrigation, 
eng-chhan, to manure fields, per-chhan, to plant 
out the y r oung rice from the seed-plot. 

chhan-tsu, yams. chhan--e, grown in wet fields, 
as potatoes, chhan-kap-a, a sort of frog. 

chhan-thau-ma, title of the spirits of a shrine or 
small temple holding the tablets of persons who have no 
posterity, chhan siu n -kang, an idol of the surname 

san-chhan gau-sd-tsui (barren dry fields absorb 
much water); debts eat up gains; lean men eat much 
(prov. ) 

Clllliill (C.), = A. chheng, a duster 

Cllliail — phah-chhan (C. ), = A. phah-chheng, 
to use wastefully. 

cllliail (E. id.) chhan-lan, splendid, dazzlingly 

cllliail — 6e-chhan, the inner sole of a shoe, 
close to the foot, chhan-phe, leather inner sole of 

Cllhang — lin-chhang, the teat, especially 
the orifices. 

Cllliailg (E. chhong), an onion or leek; a socket 
or ferule or such tube; colour of onion leaf, dull blue of 
common Chinese cotton cloth. 

chhang-khg, a ferule; a funnel for a lamp; a cover 
for point of pen; or such sort of tube, chek-chhang, 
a candle-socket, khi-chhang, porous, as lava, or as 
leavened cakes. 

chhang-chhai, onions, leeks, &c. hong-chhang, 
a sort of leek, good for colds, chhang-thau, onions 
(root), chhang-tsu, onions (roots) cut down for eat- 
ing, chhang-peh, white part of onions near the root, 
jiet-iu-chhang, onions cooked in fat. 

cllliail^, a sort of sweetmeat drawn out in long 
crisp porous sticks, thng-chhang, id. peh-thng- 
chhang, white sort. 

cllliailg (R. chhiong). chhang-pe\ the Acorus, 
hung up as a charm on 5.6. 

Cllliang (R. chhong). chhang-mia", clever, in- 
telligent, talented. 











<*llli;illl> — chhang-peh, very white gray, al- 
most white. 

C'llllHllg (cf. chhiang). ju chhang-chhang, 

entangled, involved, perplexed. 

Cllllclllg, to hide, as a tiger among reeds, or as a 
thief or other bad character among promiscuous company 
in his resort, chhang-lang ti-hia, he usually re- 
sorts and hides there, chhang-ke (T. ), the head of a 
gang of robbers. 

Cllliailg (R. id.) chhang-chhang, all in dis- 
order, as hair,, hair dishevelled; 
feathers ruffled, as a bird when ill; to erect the feathers 
of the tail, as a turkey-cock. chhang-b6, to erect its 
tail, as cat or tiger, chhang-chhiu, moustaches on 
end with rage. 

hong-hong chhang-chhang (C), incautious or 
reckless in doing a thing. 

CllllilJ), to meddle with, to have to do with, as with 
a person or affair; to shuffle, as cards. 

chhap-lap, to meddle with, to associate with, as 
with promiscuous company, esp. with persons of suspi- 
cious character; to associate with, rather improperly or 
incautiously; to mix up, as cards in shuffling, chhap- 
lap — i, don't have anything to do with him. 

kau-chhap, to be associated or connected, as in 
business, so as to be involved in his responsibilities or 
losses. b6-sa n -kau-chhap, not at all involved in his 

chhap pai-a, to shuffle cards. 

chhap-tsap, mixed in confusion, chhap-jiong, 
all in confusion; great confusion and noise, chham- 
lai chhap-khi, confusedly mixed. 

chhap-chhui, to talk when we have no business to 
talk, chhap-chhap chhui-chhui, in a disorderly 
state, as room, &c. chhap -chhui-chheng, all in 
disorder or confusion, as things or affairs, chhap- 
chhui e seng-li, a miscellaneous small business. 

m-chhap, will not meddle with the matter; will 
have nothing to do with it. m-chhap — i, will have 
nothing to do with him, one way or another, goa-m- 
chhap, it is no affair of mine; I will not meddle at all. 
m-chhap-li-tfig, m-chhap-li-te, will not meddle 
with your affair in any way. boh — tit chhap — i, have 
nothing to do with him, either for or against him. 
chhap-su, to meddle with other people's matters. 
chhap tai-chi, id. ai-chhap-su, fond of meddling 
in other people's affairs, chhap-eng-su, to meddle 
with what is no concern of ours. 

Cllliap (R. id.) chhap -hiet hoe-beng, to 
make a league or confederacy by mixing each other's 
blood in liquor and drinking it (forbidden by law), esp. 
for rebellious ends. chhap-hiet tong-beng, id. 
chhap-huih kiet-beng, id. 

Cllllilt [R. to investigate], seng-chhat, to ex- 
amine into, siong-se seng-chhat, do. very minutely 
and carefully, tsa-chhat, to investigate officially, as 
the messengers of a mandarin, hong-chhat, to make 
official investigation (somewhat secretly), as man- 

an-chhat-si, the provincial judge, an-chhat- 
ham, having the rank of provincial judge without the 

sit-kak-chhat, to neglect one's duty (as mandarin, 
or as person in charge of something), so that much in- 
jury ensues. 

Chhat (R. id.), to blot out; to score out. chhat- 
siau, id. chhat-siau, to mark an account settled; 

to score off an account, chhat chit-ji, to blot out a 

Cllllilt (R. chhek), varnish; lacquer; to varnish, 
sai-chhat, to varnish. chhit-chhat, id. tsii- 
chhat, to boil varnish, in preparing it. ka-chhat, 
to strain and press out the prepared varnish in making 

iu-chhat, paint and varnish; to paint or varnish, in 
general, iu-chhat sai-bu, a painter and varnisher; 
a painter, chhat sai-hu, id. keng-iu pu-chhat, 
paint must be put on thin; but varnish may be thick, 
several coats. 

he-chhat, a cement like wax, melted by a heated 
iron, he-chhat, varnish mixed with lime, as a cement 
for crevices. chhat-mi n , a very strong cement made 
of flour and varnish. chhi n -chhat, unprepared var- 
nish, duller colour, sek-chhat, prepared varnish, 
kan-chhat, unmixed varnish, without any colour. 

chhat-chhiu, the varnish-tree, from the juice of 
which varnish is made; the leaves are beautifully red in 
winter, chhat-liau, material for varnish, ready for 
use. chhat-seh, a brush for varnishing or painting; 
a paint-brush. chhat-khi, varnished or lacquered 

chhat-kim, to make idolatrous paper in imitation 
of gold, chhat-kim pe-poh, id. chhat-lek, to 
varnish light green, chhat-chhi", to varnish a bluish 
green, ui-er chhat-peh, to scribble and scrawl black 
and white; said also of a dirty face, esp. of a boy. 

khit-chhat-ka, to get a sore from the effect of 
varnish; the exhalation from it is enough to affect some 

Chhat [R. chek, a robber?], peh-chhat, a lie. 
peh-chhat-6e, id. peh-peh chhat-chhat, all 
lies together, kong-peh-chhat, to tell a lie. 

Cllhat (R. chek), a robber, a thief; a bandit; a rebel, 
chhat-thau, a head of thieves, robbers, pirates, or 
rebels, chhat-he, one of a gang of thieves, pirates, 
&c. chhat-a, a young or raw thief or pirate, chhat- 
la, id. chhat-boe, a thief's spy. 

chhat-be, thieves, robbers, or pirates, ho-be- 
chhat, a skilful thief, robber, &c. hiang-be-chhat, 
great highway-robbers, hai-chhat, a pirate, hoan- 
chhat, rebels, chhat-hui, banditti, chhat-khe-, 
rebels, banditti, or great bands of robbers, cheng- 
piang e-chhat, a housebreaker; a burglar, kiap- 
chhat, a robber, kiong-kiap-chhat, a burglar; a 
highway-robber, kiong-kong- chhat, a burglar, 
chhu-chhat-a, a pilferer; a thief who steals small 
articles, as clothes, &c. liong-sim-chhat, a thief or 
robber who leaves a good deal not stolen, kun-tsu- 
chhat, a thief who looks like a respectable man (so 
that you would not suspect him), who steals small and 
valuable things; said also of a man who has an intrigue 
with another's wife. 

chhat-chhi", a rascal or scoundrel who injures or 
cheats, or plunders others, chhat-phe, an abandoned 
lad on the way to become a robber. soa"-chhat (C), 
a tiger. 

chhat-bak, a covetous eye. chhat-sim, a covet- 
ous heart, chhat-sim chhat-heng, covetous heart 
and conduct, chhat-heng, coarse large uncultivated 
appearance, chhat-sidng, id. chhat-mih", stolen 
goods, chhat-he, id. chhat-siu, a den of robbers 
or resort of thieves, pirates, &c. chhat-cheng beng- 
an, cases of robbery and murder. 

chhat--ah, thief! thief! hiam-chhat, to call out 
"thief!" jiong-chhat, to make a loud outcry and 




i ti. 

shouting after a thief, thong-chhat, to be in league 
with rebels or robbers, &c. tsau-chhat, to flee from 
robbers or bandits, tsau-chhat gu-tioh-her, flee- 
ing from robbers meets a tiger; out of the frying-pan 
into the fire, tng-chhat, to wait to catch a thief. 
chhio-chhat, to search for thieves with a light, tiau- 
chhat, to tie up a thief by his hands, tun-chhat, to 
fasten a thief to a large stone (as punishment), phiah- 
chhat, to crucify a robber, cheng-chhat, to go in 
force to attack piratical or robber villages, tsoe- 
chhat chit-ki", chiu-chhat chit-mi", though the 
thief comes only in one watch, we must be on guard all 
night (v. chili), chhat kiap-chhat, one robber rob- 
bing another of his booty (said of a cheat being cheated 
in his turn), chhat pia"-chhat, thieves or bad men 
quarrelling among themselves, chhat hoah-chhat, 
a thief shouting out "stop thief!" that he may himself 
escape detection (said of a bad man condemning in 
others the very things that he does himself). 

(' llhilll [R. chho, to hold, to exercise], to drill; to 
exercise. sa", chhau — khi-lai, to hold up one's 
clothes with the hand, as when crossing a stream, walk- 
ing on wet road, or going down a steep path. 

chhau-ien, to drill; to exercise, chhau-liin, do. 
chhau-peng, to exercise soldiers, khui-chhau, to 
commence the (half-yearly) drill or review. loh- 
chhau, to go to drill or review, as troops, tsui- 
chhau, a naval drill or review. soa"-chhau, drill or 
review on land, toa-chhau, a large review, sio- 
chhau, small do. (s. copy). 

CllllilU [R. chiau or chiau, grieved, scorched, =col. 
chhiau]. chhau -sim peh-pak, heart sorely dis- 
tressed, agitated, and ready to break with distress and 
anxiety, chhau-sim, id. 

Cllliail (Cn.) chhe-chhe chhau -chhau, in 
great quantities, as food, chhe-chhau, id. jiet- 
chhau-chhau, in great numbers or crowds, as per- 

CllllclU (R. id. ), to copy a writing, chhau-ji, id. 
chhau-sia, to write out a copy, e.g. as clerk in public 
office, am-chhau, to write out a passage of a book 
from memory. chhau -pun, a manuscript copy. 
chhiu-chhau--e, copied by hand, as a book, chhiii- 
chhau (C. ), = chhiii-chih, a memorandum - book. 
chhau-siau, to transcribe an account, chhau-chia", 
to write a fair copy, sio-chhau, manuscripts contain- 
ing copies of official documents and news (esp. from the 
capital), sold in the provinces from the want of news- 

Cllhilll ( = chhau, tsau, chhiau), to exterminate. 

Cllhail ( = chhau, &c.) chhau-biet, to extermi- 
nate, chhau sam-tsok, to kill an offender along 
with his family, and the families of his wife and mother. 

Chhail (Cn.), =A. chhiau, to alter (slightly) the 
place or position of a thing. 

ChhaU [R. chhiau, slightly], chhau -chhau, 
but small; of small extent; said {e.g.) politely in speak- 
ing of one's own business. 

Chhau (R. id., = col. chha, chhai). chhau-lau, 
to wrangle; loud clamour; to make an uproar in order 
to cause annoyance or trouble, chhau -nau n , id. 
chhau-chhau-jiong, constant brawling or violent 
noisy disputing, chhau-tah, to cause trouble and 
disturbance, as at a house or shop (v. tab.). 

Chhau [R. ther, head, = col. thau]. lat-chhau, 

Chhail [R. chhe-, the state of Tsoo, under the Chow 
dynasty]. chhau-pa-6ng, name of a famous king of 
that state; a usurper. 

Chlliill — chhau-tsong (csp. C), to pretend 
that a thing exists that has no reality. 

Chhail [R. khtV, the mouth, = khau]. chiah toa- 
chhau, determined to have a large fee, as doctor or 
mandarin's people, ho-chhi-chhau, a good trade at 
good price and many customers, ho-chhau-ham (C. 
T. h(5-khau-ham), able to eat anything with good appe- 
tite and good digestion; voracious, uih-koe-ko, 
phah chhau-16, a child's game (v. uih). 

Chhail — niu"-chhau, provisions; provender. 

Chlliill (R. chho), grass; herbs; weeds, reeds, small 
shrubs or brush-wood, ferns, &c. (fur); said also of some 
coarse or inferior things, chit-pho-chhau, a large 
bunch of growing grass, weeds, or small shrubs, chit- 
ki-chhau, a stalk of grass, &c. chhau-ki, a stalk of 
grass; a straw, chhau-ki poah-to-lang (a straw 
makes a man fall), great disasters come from small 

hoan-chhau, to chew the cud. thoa n -chhau, to 
cut up grass and small plants for fuel, khau-chhau, 
to root out grass, weeds, &c, for any purpose, tsat- 
chhau, to pack with straw (as furniture) by wrapping 
straw round it. liah-chhau, to thatch. kham- 
chhau, to cover loosely with straw. 

chhau-chiau, a boat that carries grass and brush- 
wood for fuel, chhau-a-liau, a shop where they sell 
grass, &c, for fuel (v. liau). chhau-tsah, an instru- 
ment for chopping straw, as to mix with lime. 

chhau-lang, a figure of a man made of straw, &c., 
as for "tai-sin" in superstitious rites, or for use as a 
scare-crow, chhau-pau, a bag made of straw or grass- 
matting; a stupid fellow, chhau-in, a wisp of straw. 
chhau-cheng, a straw or reed mat. chhau-si", id. 
chhau-sim, the best sort of reeds for mats, chhau - 
phi, a small sod of turf, chhau-phi-a, id. chhau- 
phia", a sod of turf; also, straw beaten small and made 
into round cakes for mixing in mortar, chhau-phia"- 
he, mortar made with lime and these straw cakes (with 
little sand and little or no clay) for the surface of good 
walls, chhiah chhau-phia", to dig up sods of turf 
for laying turf, thoa" chhau-phia", to tear up turf 
for fuel, chhau-he, mortar made of mud (only) mixed 
with coarse cut straw. 

chhau-ioh, vegetable medicines, chhau-thau, 
roots of grass and small plants. 

chhau-pan, coarsely cut blocks for printing, chhau- 
ni n , an inferior (local) sort of the medicinal plant called 
"nt n ." 

ehhau-p9", a grassy piece of ground; a meadow, a 
grassy plot, chhau-tiu" (C. ), grassy ground, ho- 
chhau-tiu" (C), fine grassy ground suitable for graz- 
ing cattle, chhau-te (P.), =soa"-tiu n , the country, us 
opposed to the town. 

chhau-a-seng, quick-tempered; a quick temper 
(like grass that rapidly catches fire and as rapidly goes 

hoai"-chhau bo-ni", tit-chhau bo-liam, very 
gentle; very honest. 

chhau-meh", a grasshopper, chhau-kau, an in- 
sect like a large grasshopper, chhau-hi, a fish that 
feeds on grass. 

phe-chhau, fur of animals, as used for dress, &c. 
her-li-chhau, foxes' fur. mfig-chhau, fur; hair or 
wool or fur; feathers on the bird, 







('lllia II [R. chh&, to meet with], chhau-kham, 

unexpectedly and suddenly ; accidentally, by chance, 
chhau-tu-kham, id. sa n -tau-chhau, accidentally 
and fortunately met. ch.hau-kh.iau, accidentally and 
fortunately. chhau-chhi"-kia n , suddenly starting, 
as at a ghost. 

Clllltlll (R. hiu), bad-smelling; suppurating; rotten; 
vile; (deaf); much said in vile scolding, au-chhau, 
rotten and bad-smelling, phang-chhau, sweet-smell- 
ing and bad-smelling, m-bat phang-chhau, not 
able to distinguish good and bad. 

chhau-lang, deaf, chhau-hi-lang, id. 

chhau-thau, scabbed head, chhau -bin, face 
having sores; unpleasant countenance (v. bin), chhau - 
bak, eyes sore and suppurating, or ulcerated (chronic). 
ehhau-kha, leg having a bad sore or ulcer, chhau 
chhui-kak, corners of mouth suppurating. 

chhau-sim, having a very bad heart, always trying 
to injure people; having a rotten heart, as fruit or pota- 
toes, chhau-sim tok-heng, heart and conduct very 
wicked and injurious, chhau-heng, very wicked in- 
jurious conduct, chhau-chien, very mean and low 
(v. chien). chhau-mia", having a vile reputation; 
notoriously bad. chhau-chi n , money got by vile means, 
chiah-chhau-bi, said of the underlings of yamuns, 
esp. of customs. 

chhau-hoe, wild aloes. 

chhau-lau, appearing much older than he really is. 

sio chhau-ta, to singe or scorch ; burned taste. 
chhau-he, having a smoky taste, chhau-he-hun, 
id. chhau-he-lo-bi, having a singed burned taste 
(v. lo). chhau-ther, having an unpleasant earthy taste 
or smell, as tea or water, chhau-iu, having an un- 
pleasant oily smell or taste, as food ill-cooked, chhau - 
chho, strong unpleasant smell, as of fish, chhau- 
chhi n , bad tasted because too raw, as ground-nuts not 
fired enough, chhau-sng, sour from being kept too 
long, kam-chia chhau-bak, sugar-cane bad tasted. 
chhau-hiu n han-tsu, potatoes having faults in them. 
chhau-hien, heavy smell, as of meat, chhau -hiam- 
hiam, very stinking, chhau-sioh, very abundant, 
and so cheap as to be of no account. 

m-thang-la; chit-la chit-chhau, don't raise the 
matter; if raised it will be very unpleasant. 

Cllliailll [R. tip, constantly], chhauh-chhauh, 
= tauh-tauh, constantly. 

Clllie (R. chhui), (C. chhoe, Cn. chhb), to cook by 
steaming, chhe-ke (C. chhoe-koe), to cook cakes by 
steaming, chhe-thang, a large wooden vessel used 
for steaming rice, chhe-pe - , a bamboo frame used in 
cooking by steam, chho-tsoah (Cn.), a bamboo frame 
for steaming and cooking (v. tsoah). 

Clllie (C), = A. chhoe, beginning, tng-goan- 
chhe (C), at the beginning (s. send). 

Cllll£ (C), = che, chhe, = A. tsa, to investigate. 

CllllC [R. chha, a fork, to fork or branch out; 
crossed, as strokes or hands; to overlap], (C. chhe), a 
cross made in shape of St. Andrew's cross; one of the 
notes of Chinese music. 

Also, chhe (C), = A. chha, to overlap. 

khui-chhe, to branch out, as a tree or branch, &c. 
sim-koa" khui-chhe, mind distracted by having to 
attend to two separate pieces of work or business, each 
being important and engrossing, hi-be-chhe, shaped 
like a fish's forked tail, siang-chhe-le', road divid- 
ing into two. sa n -chhe-l§', road dividing into three 


making four in all. si-chhe-le% place where four 
roads meet. 

phah-chhe, to make a mark in shape of St. Andrew's 
cross, as in a book or document, &c. phiet-chhe, to 
mark (as bad or blundered) by such a cross; to be at 
variance with; to have a slight quarrel, phoat- 
chhe, id. 

chhe-chhiu, to put each hand into the sleeve of the 

chhe-a, a forked pole, thih-chhe, a trident-shaped 
weapon, the-leng-chhe, a sort of trident-shaped 
weapon, for catching a sort of eel called "ther-leng. " 
ba-chhe-a (C. ), a three-pronged trident used in hunt- 
ing, kong-chhe (C), sort of three-pronged fork for 
spearing wild animals. 

chiah — liau toa-chhe, taking too much of the 
meat and condiments at a meal (opening the chop-sticks 
too wide, and taking large lumps). 

Clllie [R. chha, divergent streams], (C. chhe). 
siang-chhe-ho, confluence of streame. 

Clllie — chhe-chhe chhau-chhau, in great 
quantities;abundant,as foodatafeast. chhe-chhau,id. 

clllie — jiet-chhe-chhe, very desirous of some- 
thing. h& - chhe - chhe, = hff-chhe-chhe, managing 
matters very carelessly. 

Chhe [R. chha, to differ, to send], (C. chhe), to 
send (a person); (to employ, as messenger or servant); 
constables or police. 

chhe-khien, to send (a person), chhe-eng, to 
employ, as a servant; a servant, chhe-kah, to em- 
ploy, as a servant, chhe-kio, id. chhe-sai, to 
employ, or use (as person), or send messages, hong- 
chhe, to be sent, as by a superior or person in authority, 
boe-chhe — tit, not fit to be employed or sent on such 

chhe-tsun, mandarin vessels used for action against 
pirates or smugglers, chhe-su, the business on which 
any one is sent officially. 

khim-chhe, imperial messenger, as any commis- 
sioner or ambassador, hu-chhe, an assistant messen- 
ger, great or small, ke-chhe, persons used to convey 
criminals to their place of punishment, &c. niu n -chhe, 
collector of land-tax. 

goan-chhe, constables who are sent out with war- 
rants, kai-chhe, the constables for a particular da}'. 
to-chhe, constables employed by the Tau-tai. seng- 
chhe, the "keng-sfing" and the constables, chhe- 
seng, id. chhe - iah, constables and police, &c. 
khoai-chhe, servants kept at yamun for going short 
distances with messages, chhe-kha, hangers-on who 
go along with constables to serve warrants, tsap- 
chhe, servants in a yamun for going messages, and 
doing odds and ends of work; servants occasionally en- 
gaged at temples, &c. tsap-chhe-pang, room in 
yamun where these servants stay, theng-chhe, mes- 
sengers in a civil yamun, at the call of any of the prin- 
cipal employes, to be sent messages, tng- theng- 
chhe, to have this employment, pang-chhe, un- 
authorized assistants of the constables, chhe-tsong, 
head of the police, &c. chhe-le, gratuity given to the 
constables when they serve a warrant. 

kau-chhe, to hand over a man to the constables to 
keep in ward, as mandarin does, pi-chhe, to beat the 
constables for failure in duty, as mandarin does, au- 
chhe, to beat constables, as unruly people when a war- 
rant is served on them, thek-chhe, to order out con- 
stables on special duty, tng-chhe, to be employed in 
the service of mandarins, tng-kong-chhe, to bo 








employed on distant official business, e.g. carrying 
di, or arresting a criminal at a distance, tng- 
lai-chhe, to have one's work within a yainun, as ser- 
vant. tng-goa.-ch.he, to be employed in yamun for 
going messages (name not enrolled), teh-tng toa- 
chhe, said fig. of having some heavy expenses to bear, 
as of idolatrous feast. 

pan-chhe, to make all the preparations for lodging, 
food, &c, of a high mandarin coming on a visit (and 
for his attendants), as the local mandarins do; to prepare 
the furniture and fittings of a yamun for a new man- 
darin, as smaller mandarins do for their superior; and 
as the constables do for a small mandarin. 

ko-chhe, a man who watches the boys of a band of 
actors (for the man who hires them out), seeing that they 
do not run away. 

ehhe (C), = A. chha, different, in most phrases, e.g. 
cheng-chhe, to differ, &c. 

HlllO (R. chhui), (C. chhoe, Cn. chho), to blow, as 
the wind does; a wind-instrument, a pipe; a kite; dis- 
tinguish from "pun," to blow with the mouth or with 

chhe-sit-he, to blow out a light, as the wind does 
of itself, chhe-hong, blowing (as the wind); to be 
blown upon by the wind, hong chhe, the wind blows, 
hong-chhe (C. kong-chhe), a paper-kite, pang- 
hong-chhe, to fly a kite, hong-chhe-teng, a lamp 
tied to tail of kite, hong-chhe-lien, a toy that turns 
with the wind. 

hun-chhe, a tobacco-pipe, a-phien hun-chhe, 
an opium pipe, tsui-hun-chhe, a pipe for smoking 
tobacco through water. chhi"-hun-cnhe, a tobacco- 
pipe with a mouth-piece and a brass bowl, kong- 
kau hun-chhe, a short pipe with a very heavy head, 
phuh-hun-chhe, to blow the smoke from one's mouth, 
hun-chhe-te, a bag for holding the pipe, hun- 
chhe -thau, a probe for cleaning the stem of a pipe, 
hun-chhe-thau, the bowl of a pipe; the end of a pipe 
at the bowl; it is a great insult to strike with it. 

ker-chhe, drums and wind-instruments; one drum 
and two pipes, ptin kd'-chhe, to play these instru- 
ments, chit-tin ker-chhe, a band of them, chit- 
tin-chhe, id. be-chiu n -chhe, a band of music on 
horseback, as at idolatrous processions, pat-im-chhe, 
a band with eight sorts of instruments, chhe-pan, 
mandarin's band of musicians. 

pun-chhe, to play a sort of wind-instrument, toa- 
chhe, a sort of clarionet. 

Chhe [R. a wife; cf. chhoe]. hu-chhe (K), hus- 
band and wife. chhe-ku, wife's brother, chhe- 
klm, wife of wife's brother, tek-chhe, the legal wife. 
hien-chhe, my good wife ! it-chhe it-chhiap, one 
wife and one concubine, chhe-tsu su i-hok, wife 
and child are like one's clothes, cheng-chhe toat- 
tien, kien-su ju-bien, in defence of wife and lands, 
look on death as a sleep, seng, tsok ban-jin- 
chhe; sii, tsok bu-hu-kui, said of a bad woman, 
in life having connection with many men, after death 
belongs to no husband, han-tan-chhe, sat kiu- 
hu, the wife of Han-tan was betrothed to nine bride- 
grooms who all died, han-tan-chhe, said of a woman 
whose horoscope is deadly to those betrothed or married 
to her, or to connections. 

Chhe (R. sui), (C. chh6e; Cn. chhS), a long thin 
rod of wood or bamboo, chhe-a, id. ko-chhe, a 
long thin bamboo pole. mi n -soa"-chhe, cross bars of 
a frame for drying macaroni, he-chhe, a poker. 
kio-koa"-chhe, to call out for mercy while being 

beaten in court, gau-kio koa n -chhe, said of a child 
crying much when struck quite gently, iau-koe m- 
ui-chhe; iau-lang, rh-ke- bin-phe (or, "b6-sioh 
bin-phe"), a hungry hen does not fear the stick; a starv- 
ing man docs not care for his character. 

Chile (C), = A. chh6e, to crawl on hands and feet. 

Chile— kham-chhe (T.), = A. kham-chhe", 

Cllll£ (C), = A. chha, to investigate. 

Clilie (R. id., perhaps two words), to fold together 
with a loose tie; to tie a loop, gen. loosely; a noose, a 
slip-knot; a small hank of thread; (to take at an average). 

chhe-a, a small hank, as of thread or twine. 

chhe-chhiu, bridle; reins, be-chhe-chhiu, id. 

sa n -chhe, intertwined, as the coils of two ropes, 
chhe tsoe-chit-tui, to fold together, as a pair of 
stockings, chhe tsoe-chit-e, id. chhe-le tsoe- 
chit-e, tie all (loosely) together, chhe-khi-an, make 
the knot tight. 

chhe-chhiam, to bend one knee (as to a superior), 
but not so far as to touch the ground. 

khan-chhe, to accuse of being art and part, as in 
our own fault or crime. 

khien-chhe-un--khi, to take things at an average, 
good and bad mixed (v. un). chhe-lai chhe-khi, 
to take at an average (as things or persons) what is 
better in one making up for defect in another. 

Clilie (R. chhui); (C. chh6e; Cn. chho), marrow; 
brains, thau-khak-chhe, brains, kut-chhe, mar- 
row, phai" kau-jip kut-chhe, very wicked, thia" 
kau-jip kut-chhe, pain very severe. leng-koa" 
hong-chhe, dragon's liver and phcenix brains; said of 
most expensive food. 

dllie (R. id. by change of tone from "chhiet"). it- 
chhe, all at ence, entirely, all. 

Chile ( = chhe). h§-chhe-chhe, managing mat- 
ters very carelessly. 

clilie (R. id.); (C. chh£), a necessary, chhe-ti, 
id. loh-chhe, to go to stool. chiu n -chhe, id. 

Cllhe (cf. chhe). lui chhe, thunder rattling very 
loud, chhe-chhe-hau, sound of a rushing stream, or 
of rain running in torrents from the roof. he"-16h 
kau chhi-chhl chhe-chhe, rain in torrents, as on 
the roof, chhi-chhe-hau, id. 

Cllhe (R. chhui), brittle, crisp, as toasted food; 
crank, as a vessel. chhe-tauh-tauh, exceedingly 
brittle, tsun chhe-chhe, the vessel is very crank, 
and ready to upset. 

Cllllfc (C), = A. chhoe, to scrub. 

Chile (cf. chhe); (C. chhe). chhe-chhe-to, fall- 
ing abundantly, as tears, rain, or water, tsiii chhe- 
chhe-to, water falling abundantly, as in a cataract, or 
heavy rain from roof, bak-sai chhe-chhe-to, tears 
falling profusely, bak-sai chhe-chhe -lau, id. 
bak-sai chhe- chhe -tih, id. he chhe-chhe-lai, 
heavy lashing rains. 

Cllhe ( = chhe"). tsui-kham-chhe, a small bird 
(the magpie robin T). 

Clilie (C. chhoe; Cn. chho), to search; to look for, 
as for something lost; to demand payment, as from a 
security; to demand assistance in a matter, as from a 

chhiau-chhe, to search carefully, as for something 
lost, tsau-chhe, id. chhe-khoa", to search for. 
chhe-tioh, to find by searching, chhe-u, id. chhe- 
bo, to search but not find. chhe-m-ki n , id. 










pe-chhe (C. pbe-chhbe), to search diligently for 
something, pe-chhau chh.e-ch.hin (to search in the 
grass for relations), said of a man very good at finding- 
out relations. moa n -sia n chhe-sia-hia" (to search 
the whole city for a fellow-villager), to look for what is 
hopeless to find (as "a needle in a hay-stack"), chhe 
thau-su. to try to find a clue to an affair. 

chhe-khang chhe-phang, to look for an oppor- 
tunity, as of extorting money, or of slandering or in- 
juring another, chhe si-le, to act so as to bring 
death and ruin on one's self, by any wicked courses. 
chhe-sin, to call the spirits of the dead, chho-sia" 
(Cn. ), to consult a sorceress who calls up spirits. 

dlllC [R. tso, to sit; cf. col. che, chhai]. am-kun 
chhe-chhe(C. chhoe; Cn. chho), = am-kun chhai- 
chhai, neck very short and thick. 

chhe-giah (C), =A. che-giah, to accept responsi- 
bility for payment, as of expenses which we had author- 
ized, chhe (C. ), = A. che, to accept responsibility or 
stand security; but in other phrases che is both C. and A. 

CIIIIG ( = chhe, chhe"), one of the Chinese musical 

Cllh£ n (C), = A. chhi n , when the final of the read- 
ing form is eng; e.g. green; indigo; raw; star. 

Cllll£ n (T. chhe). chh£ n -a, small cymbals, kham- 
chhe n -ke% musical instruments used at funerals (cf. 

Cllll£" (C), = A. chhi", to waken; feeling the sexual 
impulse, as a female animal; said, in vile obscene scold- 
ing, of women. 

Cllll£ n — chhin-chhe" (C), = A. chhin-ehhi n , 

Cllll£" (cf. chhe, chhe), one of the Chinese musical 

cllll£" (T. chhg, in most phrases). chhe n -chhe n , 
sound of small gongs. kham-chhe n -chh8 n , sound of 
gongs and cymbals, pun a n -m-chhe n (C), sound of 

chhe n -16, a small gong about eight inches across (v. 
16). kham-chhe", a pair of cymbals. kham-chhe n - 
ke\ a pair of cymbals and a small drum, used for funereal 
music, phah kham-chhe", to strike cymbals, only 
in funereal music; also, a vile scolding phrase among 
women with women. 

Ckll£" ( = chhe). tsui - kham - chhe", a small 
bird, sai-kham-chhe", id. (kham]). 

Cllliell (R. chhoat); (C. chhoeh; Cn. chhbh), to 
sip, as gruel, &c. ehheh-thng, to sip soup, chheh- 
khui. to take a great mouthful of air, as on suddenly 
meeting a strong wind. 

Cllliell [R. chhek, thin tablets, a list]; (C. chheh), 
a book; a list; a record; (not used in Cn. except for "a 
list;" while "tsii" is always used for a book). 

hau-peh-chheh, Venetian blinds or shutters. 

chiu"-chheh, to insert on a list or record; to be 
formally recorded or put in a list. 

6e-chheh, a book for holding threads of many 
colours for embroidery of all sorts. 

keng-chheh, classical books, goa-chheh, other 
sorts of books, tsu-chheh, books, chit-pun -chheh, 
one book. 

chheh-teh, a weight of metal or heavy wood, for 
keeping a book open, chheh-chhiam, title pasted 
on outside of book, chheh-gan, do., also title-page, 
chheh-chih, paste-board cover for several volumes. 
chheh-phe, book-cover, chheh-kun, cloth in which 
school-boys fold up their books, chheh-pau, bundle 

of books thus folded up. chheh-tu, a book-case, esp. 
with doors; a book-press, chheh-ke, book-shelves. 

chheh-mia", name given by teacher to the scholar. 
chheh-mhg, themes for the third Kujin examination. 

chheh -a, a book with superstitious receipts for 
diseases. khoa n -chheh-a, to consult it, in case of 
sickness, chheh-a-tsoa, various sorts of idolatrous 
paper, mixed up according to the prescriptions of that 
book, for certain diseases. poa"-chhia sin-chheh- 
a ku-lah-jit, raking up old stories (quite out of date) 
against people. 

khoa n -chheh, to read a book silently, thak- 
chheh, to read a book aloud; to learn and study a 
book, thak-chheh e-lang, a scholar; a literary man. 
thak-si-chheh, to read words, learning the sound 
without understanding the meaning, thak-bo-chheh, 
not making progress in study, thak cheng-si- 
chheh, to learn a book very quickly, as if having read 
it in a former life. 

liam-chheh, to recite the lesson, siu-chheh, to 
give out a lesson. siu"-chheh, id. un-chheh, to 
revise a lesson, iah-chheh, to turn over the leaves of 
a book, tu-chheh, to compose a book, kap-chheh, 
to bind a book, pun-chheh, to distribute books. 
khoan-chheh, to select books, as in making up a set 
or selecting a number to take out. thong-chheh, to 
pile up books in an even pile. 

Cllliell [R. chhoat, to take up with the fingers], 
(C. chhoeh, Cn. chhbh). chit-chheh-a, a very small 
quantity, as of food. 

CllllCU (C), = A. chhoeh, sad; exclamation of grief 
and surprise, as at some injustice, misfortune, or great 

CllllCll (C. chheh), to sink down, as a wall on a bad 
foundation ; to come down, as a sail when the rope 
breaks, &c. &c. chheh- -loh-lai, to come down, as 
a sail when rope breaks, or as a kite; to settle down, as 
house on bad foundation,, or as a door settling down so 
that the hinges will not work well. 

chheh — loh-khi, very far gone in sickness, as when 
constitution is broken, chheh-toe, to have the bottom 
leaky and ready to fall out, as a bucket. 

Cllliell" — phoa-chheh", sound of a broken hoarse 

clllli'll". noise, as of crockery dashed together, or 
such loud sound. chheh"-neh"-neh n , sound of loud 
thunder, lui chheh"-neh"-neh", thunder rolling 

Cllliek [R. chhiok, to gore, to meet with, as mis- 
fortune, &c. ; cf. "tak"], to meet with, as a bad omen, 
chhek-tioh-kui (lit. meet a demon), to meet with an 
unexpected difficulty (as by the opposition of some one 
not thought of) which quite upsets our plans, chhek- 
soe, to meet with a demon or sickness, or some bad 
omen or bad luck, chhek-e", to offend the majesty of 
a god by unclean conduct in his presence; to draw down 
calamity on another by impure conduct (v. b). 

cllliek, to tie a loose knot, chhek- -teh, tied 
very loosely, chhek oah-kat, to tie a very loose 
knot, that is easily opened, chhek khah-tfig, tie a 
loose knot at greater length, as to keep a thing from 
being in the way; make the piece to be broken off longer 
than you were going to make it. chhek khah-te, 
tie the loose knot at a shorter length. 

Cllliek [R. chhiok, to press close; this group per- 
haps belongs to two words], to make shorter, chhek- 
oa, to press very close to. chhek oa-oa, id. 









chhui-chhek, to come gradually to each others' 
terms (s. fathom), chhek- -loh-lai, to come down to 
a lower price. chhek-ke--16h-lai chiu-- i, to come 
down near his price. 

chhek-kha--16h-lai chiu— i, to come down to- 
wards his position, as a superior showing condescension 
to an inferior, as making explanations to him, or dis- 
pensing with ceremony; to come down to a lower price 
to meet his offer. 

chhek -ke, to bend one's body (but keeping head 
straight up), as in order to pass through a low door, 
chhek-khah-ke, id. 

Cllliek [R. chhiok, to hurry, urgent], pek-chhek, 
too urgent and too hard on people. 

Cllhek [R. chhiok, to cut], chhek-thau koe- 
be, to make an old article (of furniture) as good as new 
by a thorough repair; said figuratively of other things, 
chhek-thau oa n -be (T. ), id. of anything. 

Cllliek [R. chhiok, a small bird], chhek-chiau- 
a, a small bird like a sparrow, kim-si fig-chhek- 
chiau-a, a small yellow bird. 

Cllliek [R. a foot, = col. chhioh]. chhek-chhun 
put-i, not needing to be changed at all (not a foot or 
an inch), chhek-tok, a book of models for letters and 
sucli documents (s. fathom). 

Chliek (R. id.) ke-chhek, a scheme; a plan or 
plot, sok-chhiu bu-chhek, arms folded on breast, 
and having no plan to get out of the difficulty. 

Cllliek [R. connections by the female line and by 
marriage], chhin-chhek, relations and connections 
in general, chhin-chhek ke-ku, id. chhin- 
chhek-kan, among relations and connections, chhin- 
chhek-kan bo-lun, accounts are not kept too strictly 
among connections, bo-chhin bo chhek, having 
no relations or connections alive, lai-chhin goa- 
chhek, relations and connections by blood and by 
affinity, goa-chhek, relations by female line and 
connections by marriage. 

Cllliek [R. the knee, C. chhip]. lam-tsu chhek- 
ha, iii hong-kim (there is yellow gold below a man's 
knee), a man should not lightly or basely kneel. 

Cllliek (R. id.) giu-chhek, =giu-chhip, a medi- 
cinal plant (v. gift). 

Cllliek (R. siok), (P. chhiok), rice in ear; growing 
rice; paddy: rice in the husk. 

bi-chhek, rice in general, bi-chhek hi-bi, rice- 
crop scanty, chhek-cheng, seed-rice, chhek-ge, 
dried sprouted rice. chhek-mi n , the awn of rice. 

chhek-thau, light empty refuse rice that does not 
separate from the husk in the mill called "thar-lang;" 
it is used for feeding animals. 

pha n -chhek, empty rice. pha n -chhek-hiu n , a 
plant used to give fragrance to liquor, hong chhe 
pha n -chhek (wind blows away empty rice), said of 
ill-fated persons taking an epidemic, hong chhe 
pha n -chhek, pok-hok--chia siu, id. 

chhek-sia 11 , a large boarded receptacle for rice, as 
in a granary chhek-chhng, a rice granary, chhng- 
chhek, rice from public granaries not good, koa"- 
chhek. id. 

phi-chhek, to spread rice in the sun to dry. oe- 
chhek (P. e-chhiok), to separate the husk from the rice 
by the "th«r-lang." ke-chhek, to winnow rice. 

Cllliek [R. to fathom], chhui-chhek (r.), to 
consider carefully (s. shorten). 

boe chhek-tok--tit, cannot be searched and found 
out. as the heart, put-chhek, unexpectedly bad, evil, 


or dangerous, put-chhek e-tai, unexpected evil, 
calamity, or danger, sim put-chhek. his heart is 
very wicked, tsun-sim put-chhek, secretly plotting 
evil in his heart. 

Cllliek [R. red, = col. chhiah]. chhek-sin la- 
the, naked or nearly so, e.g. perhaps short drawers on. 
kun-tsu--chia, chhek; kun-bek--chia, hek, he 
who comes near vermilion gets red, near ink gets black. 

Cllliek (P.), = A. chhiok, in some words. 

cllliek (P. chhiok), to shake, as pencils or chop- 
sticks, to make them even; to shake up and down, as a 
sedan, or as on horseback; to shake or jerk, as a bag of 
rice to make it hold more, or as a bundle to get it right 
on the shoulder; to compare evidence, or discuss each 
other's claims (as the two parties) face to face. 

chhek-tsoe, to shake even, as pencils or books; to 
arrange a matter so that both sides are satisfied; all the 
parties arrived, chhek-khah-khi, to replace a bag 
or bundle that was falling from the shoulder, by a jerk 
of the body. chhek-gu-lin, to shake milk (in a 
bottle) to make butter. 

tui-ehhek, the two parties in a dispute discussing 
their atf'air together, so as to settle it. 

chhiau-ehhek, in high spirits, exulting with de- 
light, as a child boisterously happy; also, shaken about 
(as in a sedan or boat) so as to feel uncomfortable in the 

thio-kha-chhek (T.), to hop. 

Cllliek (cf. jiok), to work up in the hands, as dough, 
or as clay for an image. 

clllieilg [R. blue, green, = col. chhi"]. chheng- 
i, a blue dress worn by Sew-tsae graduates. 1am- 
chheng, id. chheng-lien, a purplish blue colour. 
ui tan-chheng, to paint in colours (lit. blue and red). 

chheng-phi, a medicinal skin like orange or citron 
skins, chheng-tai, a green medicinal salt, lek- 
chheng (R. ), bitumen. 

Chheiig' [R. chhin, self, one's own], chheng- 
teng, the clerk who keeps the account of goods shipped 
and delivered; a sort of assistant supercargo, chheng- 
teng-thau, id. 

Clllieilg (R. id.) chheng-her, to address by an 
honourable designation ; to style, chheng-tsan (R. ), 
to praise, thong-chheng, general appellation politely 
added to another's name, e.g. ko, chek, peh, ehiui, tai- 
jin, &c. tsu-chheng, to style one's self in a boasting 
or egotistic way. tsun-chheng, to give an appella- 
tion which is indeed customary, but rather higher than 
is strictly correct, chheng-ong chheng-te (lit. 
styling kings and sovereigns); to be one's own master, 
as man of independent means, or who has a business of 
his own; or of an employe when his master allows him 
to do as he pleases. 

Clllieilg (R. chhien), (T. chhai", Cn. chhiii", C. 
chhan, but P. chheng), a thousand, chheng-it, eleven 
hundred, chheng-ban, ten millions, kui-na ban 
chheng-kun e-lat, strength of several myriads of 
thousands of pounds. 

Clllieilg [R. chhoan, to perforate; cf. chhng]. 
chheng-soa n -leng, a sort of gingall. 

Clllieilg (P), = A. chhiong in some tones and words. 

Clllieilg (R. id.), clear, pure, clean; to clean; only; 
to pay off, as an account; clear and bright, as sky, or as 
red colour; (vegetarian); free from care or anxiety or need 
of toil; comfortable; fair and just; the Manchoo dynasty; 
cooling in its effect, as food or medicine. 

sam-chheng, the Tauist trinity, tai-chheng, 








the Manchoo dynasty, chheng-tiau, id. chheng- 
beng, the "feast of tombs;" correct and clear (v. beng). 

koe-nhg-chheng, white of (hen's) egg. thiig- 
chheng, sugar melted in warm water, chiu"-chheng, 
a salt sauce (v. chiii")., opium refuse 
made up for smoking, ji-chheng, the refuse of the 
"thau-chheng" made up again for smoking (very poor 
and bad). 

chheng-tsa, very early in the morning, hien- 
chheng (ft), at present. 

jit-chheng, a journal or day-book in business. 
chho-chheng, a rough scroll-book or sale-book in 
which sales are entered at the time, to be afterwards 
copied into the day-book. 

chheng-chho, settled, as account; clear, distinct, 
and accurate, as a statement, chheng-chhe^, id. bo- 
thang-chheng, unable to pay off the score, chheng- 
siau, to pay off, as account (v. siau). chheng-hoan, 
id. khioh tsoe-chit-e chheng, to settle a number 
of old scores at once, either of money or of grounds of 
offence and quarrel. 

chheng-liam, pure and uncorrupted by avarice, as 
mandarin, tsoe-koa 11 chheng, to be pure in his 
official duties, lai chheng, khi beng, all clear, 
open, and correct, as a ready -money transaction, chheng- 
pek, unspotted in character. it-sin chheng-pek, 
whole life blameless, ke-hong chheng-pek, family 
of blameless reputation for some generations, chheng- 
pek-ke, id. sam-tai chheng-pek, do. for three 
generations, chheng-thien pek-jit, in broad day- 
light; weather fine, clear, and sunny; just and fair, as 
mandarin (said by himself). 

chheng-khi, clean, chheng-khi-siu", id. soe- 
chheng, to wash clean, sam-kang-tsui soe-boe- 
chheng, the water of the three great rivers could not 
wash it clean. pia n -chheng, to clear out thoroughly. 
chheng-ti, to clean out a pond, chheng kau-a, 
to clean out a ditch. 

ke-su chheng, very poor, ke-su chheng-tam, 
id. (v. tarn). 

chheng-chheng, only, simply, merely, chheng- 
chheng-rh, decidedly refusing ; doggedly refusing ; often 
without reason or without giving a reason, chheng- 
chheng-beh, decidedly or persistently desirous; often 
without good reason. 

che-chheng, to settle and become clear, as a liquid, 
teng-chheng, to settle, as muddy water (v. ting). 
chheng-cheng, very pure, tsui chheng, hi-hien 
(when the water becomes clear the fish are seen), the 
trick will out at last, and a man's character be cleared. 
chheng-tsui, tsii peh-bi (white rice cooked in clear 
water), candid and truthful. 

chheng-chhai, vegetarian diet, tsoe-chheng- 
chio, to fast and perform the rites called "chio. " 
chiah-chheng, to take food or medicine that has a 
cooling tendency (not as to warmth), chiah-chheng 
khun-keng, to eat vegetarian food and sleep in a 
temple; to have an easy life of it; said also of a man 
who lives on his parents or his property without any 
cares, or of a man who has no family cares. 

chheng-eng, free from care, anxiety, or need of toil- 
ing; in easy circumstances (v. Sng). chheng-han (R. ), 
id. it-jit chheng-han, it-jit sien, such a man is 
as happy as one of the genii, chheng-kho, having a 
little money or property so as to be in no need of toiling 
to earn money, he-siu" put-chi-chheng, Buddhist 
priests are very free from care (with perhaps an inuendo 
at their vegetarianism), chheng-sim, mind untroubled 

and free from cares, having no wants and no cause for 
anxiety, chheng-sim-toa", taking it easy and amus- 
ing one's self; rather jolly, li teh-chheng-sim, you 
are taking it far too easy, e.g. refusing to take responsi- 
bility that you ought to take, or amusing yourself 
and keeping jolly or easy when you ought to be 
sad. ke-chheng, pretending to be joyful when 

really sad or anxious ; pretending to be very good, 
and finding fault with the very sins that he himself 

thi" chheng-chheng, sky serene. chheng - 
liang, agreeably cool, as weather; cooling, as medicine, 
chheng-hong beng-goat, wind pleasant and moon 
bright; fine cool moonlight night, chheng-chhai, 
bright and unclouded, as sky; in a state of comfort and 
prosperity (v. chhai). chheng-song, comfortable, 
clean, and neat; pleasant, as a place; at ease and leisure. 
chheng -hiu, neat and comfortable, as a house, 
chheng-keng, comfortable and well got up, as house; 
comfortable in mind and circumstances, chheng- 
chhun-si, period of blooming youth (v. chhun). 
chheng-he, making great manifestations of delight; 
feeling quite comfortable and at ease; to remove the hot 
principle so as to bring down fever or inflammation. 
teh-chheng-he, very much pleased, and showing it 
outwardly (said half in joke), chheng-siu, elegant 
and gentlemanly, as a man who is rather thin and of 
cultivated manners, chheng-phang, pleasantly fra- 
grant, not too strong-smelling. 

chheng-ang, bright red. 

CllllCllg (R. iong), (C. chhidng), (sometimes, esp. 
T., chfing), the banyan -tree, chheng - chhiu, id. 
chheng-chhiu-ehi, its fruit (useless). chheng- 
chhiu-ong, the god of the banyan, chhah-chheng, 
to stick banyan branches on the door on 5. 5 (v. chhah). 
ti-bu-chheng, a tree somewhat like a banyan, thai- 
ko -chheng, a tree like a banyan, chheng-chhiu, 
abortive roots of banyan. 

Cllheng (R. siong), (C. chhiong; Cn. ehgng; T. 
cheng, chhiu"). chheng-peh, the common fir-tree. 
chheng-peh-ien, resin from do. chheng-peh-lui, 
fir-cones, thai-ko chheng-peh, a diseased fir-tree, 
thai-ko chheng-peh chhut-mia," (lit. it produces 
resinous matter), said of a notoriously bad man. 

chheng-hff, leaves of fir-tree. chheng-he>-chhiu, 
id. chheng-lin, resin, as taken from the tree. 

Cllheilg — khut-chheng, scraggy and ill-form- 
ed; of unpleasant and repelling temper (v. khut). 

CllhCllg (cf. s6ng, chhiang). pun-chheng, cor- 
pulent or thick-set and awkward; thick and unwieldy; 
clumsy, coarse, and ugly, as man or thing. 

Chheng— chiu n -chheng, that half of a Chinese 
oar that has the handle. 

CllhCllg, a sort of narrow spade or hoe; to dig up 
with it, as oysters, thih-chheng, a sort of narrow 
spade, the-chheng, id. pun-chheng, a sort of 
spade or hoe for removing dirt. 6-chheng, a narrow 
spade for gathering oysters, chheng-6, to gather 
oysters with it. 

Cllheilg [R. chham; C. (R.)chhan, the silk-worm]; 
(also, chheng (C), = A. chham, the silk-worm). 

soa-chheng (T. soa-chhai"), an edible mollusc, found 
in sea-sand. 

chiah kim-chheng, to be bewitched by a charm 
connected with golden silk-worms (that have wonderful 
magical power), so as to become their slave; done by 
secretly mixing poisonous charms with food, chiah-- 










tiok kim-ckkeng, id. ckkai kim-ckkeng, to 
set up an incense vessel for the worship of them, as 
the sorcerers do. 

Hi I Willi [T. chhai"; Cn. chhui"; C. sometimes, 
chhan); to dust; to flap its wings as a bird throwing 
off dirt; a sort of brush. ckkeng-a, a soft brush for 
dusting, tsang-ckkeng, a brush made of palm fibre. 
koe-mfig-ckkeng, a dust-brush made of feathers. 
tek-ckkeng, a bamboo scrubbing-brush. 

ckkeng -ke, to whitewash, ckkeng-tkun, to 
sweep away the soot of a year in the twelfth moon, 
ckkeng-sau, to dust and sweep, ckkeng-tke\ to 
flap its wings so as to throw off dirt, as a fowl does. 
ckkap-ckkui-ckkeng, all in disorder, as things or 
affairs. thau-rrmg ckkap-ckkui-ckkeng, hair 
dishevelled or in disorder; e.g. when working very hard 
with no time to comb. 

Cllll&ttg (T. chhai"; C. chhan). pkak-ckkeng, 
to use lavishly, as money; to waste and abuse (in use), 
as things. 

CllllCllg (C. chhoan), to act in a bragging manner, 
siau-lien tek-ckkeng, a young fellow acting in a 
bragging manner, ckkeng-pang, to act or speak in 
a proud or big way; to brag, ckkeng-pang-tsui, id. 

CllllCllg — pkok-pkok-ckkeng, to palpi- 
tate, pkiak-pkiak-ckkeng, id. ckkik-ckkik 
chheng-ckkeng, playing about, as an idle boy. 

CllllCllg [R. to invite, to request, = col. chhia"]. 
ckkeng-an, to salute, ckkeng-kong, to request a 
reward for meritorious services to the state, ckkeng- 
kau (polite), I beg you to instruct me. ckkeng- 
beng, to ask the commands of a superior, ckkeng- 
cki, to request to know the imperial will. 

Cllllt'llg [R. id. (by change of tone from chheng, to 
name or style); to fit, to suit], ckkeng-i, to suit one's 
wishes, beng ckkeng-ki-sit, having a good reputa- 
tion and deserving it. put-ckkeng, not suiting well 
with another thing or things, e.g. articles of dress with 
each other, or as furniture with house, bo-ckkeng, 
id. bo-ckkeng-ckit, not fit for the office, put- 
ckkeng-ckit, id. 

clllieilg (R. chhi6ng), (P. chhi6ng); a gun, a 
cannon, musket, pistol, &c. ckit-mng-ckkeng, one 
gun or cannon, &c. sa n -mng-ckkeng, three guns 
fired as a salute to a mandarin of considerable rank. 
an-ki"-ckkeng, the one signal gun fired at the first 
watch (v. ki"). jl-mng-ckkeng, the two shots fired 
at second watch, kkui-le-ckkeng, the gun in the 
early morning, signal for opening the city gates, lien- 
koan-ckkeng, many guns (muskets, &c.) fired in 
rapid succession. 

png-si-ckkeng, a very poisonous serpent, probably 
a cobra, ckkeng-ki-cki", a rocket, ckkiu-ckkeng, 
solitary lasciviousness. 

be-ckkeng, a pistol, sio-ckkeng, do. sio- 
ckkeng-a, id. koan-a-ckkeng, foreign fire-arms 
(often said of pistols), ge-pak-ckkeng, a five-barrelled 
revolver. siang-pak-ckkeng, a double-barrelled 
gun or pistol. toa"-pak-ckkeng, a single-barrelled 
gun or pistol, toa-pak-ckkeng, a gun of large bore, 
ckiau-chkeng, a gun, a musket, toa-ckkeng, a 
large cannon; an opium pipe, gia-toa-ckkeng (lit. 
carry large cannon on shoulder), to be an opium smoker; 
to meet with some very great calamity, or severe dis- 
ease, esp. venereal. leng-kong-ckkeng. a very 
large cannon, ke-ckkeng, a sort of gingall with 
tiger's head, ker-goa kki-gia-ker-ckkeng, you set 

me to a very difficult task, kau-tsat-ckkeng, a sort 
of gingall with nine rings like joints, tek-ckkeng, 
a bamboo gun, used by children. 

ckkeng-ke, frame of a cannon, instead of a gun- 
carriage, ckkeng-ckkng, stock of a gun. ckkeng- 
sin, barrel of gun. ckkeng-koai", id. ckkeng- 
ki, touch-hole, ckkeng-tauk, sort of lock that holds 
the match of a matchlock, ckkeng-kkang, a port- 
hole in fort or vessel, ckkeng-ien, port-holes in a 
vessel (v. ien). ckkeng-be-to, a bayonet, ckkeng- 
cki, a bullet, shot, ckkeng-cki bat-lang, the 
bullet knows the (fated) man ; every bullet has its 
billet, ckkeng-tkok, a ramrod, ckkeng-tkuk, 
id. ckkeng-iok, gunpowder. ckkeng - tkang, 
small barrel for carrying ammunition for the guns. 
ckkeng-kek, an arsenal for fire-arms. 

ckkeng-tui, a company of musketeers or riflemen, 
ckkeng-siu, an artillery-man, a gunner, ckkeng- 
peng, a musketeer or rifleman, ckiak-ckkeng, to 
be a soldier who uses a gun, to be a musketeer or rifle- 
man, keng pai ckkeng, the three sorts of soldiers, 
who use bows, shields, and guns respectively; the bow 
is the highest. 

pkak-ckkeng-sia" (T. ), rites to get a soul out of 
that part of hell where those who have been shot are 

ckkeng-pe, a target for musket or rifle practice. 
kko ckkeng-pe, to practise shooting with guns. 
kko-ckkeng, to drill or review at shooting (gun-prac- 
tice), as mandarins, kkoe-ckkeng-bo, sort of sol- 
dier's cap. 

pkak-ckkeng, to shoot with a gun or fire-arms, 
sia-ckkeng, to discharge a gun (just to let it off) 
without an aim. pang-ckkeng, to shoot with fire- 
arms, in general, kkui-ckkeng, id. tiok-ckkeng, 
to be shot or hit by ball or bullet, or shot, tiok- 
ckkeng— si, to be shot dead, ckkeng-siong, a 
gun-shot wound. 

cllllt'llg — ckkeng -kam- pang, the (loose) 
boards that make the false deck of a Chinese junk, laid 
above "the real water-tight deck. 

CllllCllg — ckkeng-eng, to manifest great de- 
light by gesticulation, as a person in inferior position 
on getting power or influence. 

CllllCllg (C. chhiung); to spout or jet out from an 
opening, as steam or vapour, or a torrent; to emit steam, 
as lime in slaking; to ascend, as the vapour of a sacrifice; 
to affect or be affected by, as a vapour or malarious in- 
fluence; to scent by placing some fragrant tiling near; 
to build a little higher; to cook very dry with little 
water, as rice or potatoes. 

ckkeng — tiok, to affect as a vapour, steam, or 
odour; to come violently upon, as a torrent, ckkeng- 
leng--tiok, id. 

ckkeng-pki n , to blow the nose, ckkeng-pkoa 
lang-pki n -kkang, said of a very strong odour (plea- 
sant as of cooking, or very unpleasant, as of rotten 
things) coming strongly on the nostrils. 

ckkeng-teng, the head all covered with a disgust- 
ing soft eruption. si"-ckkeng-teng, id. 

ckkeng-koan, to sing very high notes, as boys. 
ckkeng-boe-koai", unable to sing very high notes; 
unable to build up high, or to spout up high, ckkeng- 
kkak-koai", to build higher, as a house (as by adding 
a story to an old house) ; to spout up higher, &c. 
ckkeng-koai", to spout up, as steam or smoke in a 
jet. ke-kun ckkeng-koai", the smoke rising in a 
jet. ien ckkeng — kki-lai, steam suddenly spouts up. 

^ i 





chheng-te, to flavour tea with sweet herbs or flowers. 
ch.heng-h.un, to scent hair -powder with flowers. 
chheng-hiu n , to scent things by laying them beside 

chheng-khi, to be affected by some vapour or exha- 
lation, good or bad. chheng-the-khi, to be affected 
by exhalations from the earth; to be cooled by the damp 
air of the ground, as medicine set to cool on the ground 
that its effects may be less heating, chhau-mih" 
chheng--lang, bad smells coming to one's nose or 
affecting one. 

chheng iu-phg, to boil rice dry in a peculiar way 
(v. png). chheng han-tsii, to boil potatoes dry with 
the skins on. 

cllllCllg (P. chhiong), to wear or put on, as clothes 
(but not hat or cap), chheng-sa", to put on coat, 
shirt, or any dress of upper part of body, ke -chheng- 
sa", to put on or wear more coats, &c. chheng sa"- 
a-kher, to put on coat and trousers. chheng-6e, to 
put on or wear shoes, chheng 6e-beh, to wear or 
put on shoes and stockings. 

chheng-siin, to put a tenon and mortice together. 
chheng-mng, to hang a door on its hinges, gia-lai- 
chheng, bring (the door) and put it on its hinges. 
sa n -chiah-chheng, to fit well together, chiah-pe 
chheng-bu, fed and clothed by parents. 

ehheng-sin, to wear new clothes, sin-chheng, 
good dress (on one's body), u-sin-chheng, to have 
on good dress, tsde-sin-chheng, to have clothes 
made for self or for family. sin-chheng hong- 
hong, very finely dressed, chher-chheng, common 
every-day dress. 

khah-u-chheng, has more wear (or a great deal of 
wear), as shoes or dress, kim-chheng (C. ), having 
very good wear, as clothes, khiam-chheng tit-sin, 
take care of clothes and they are as good as new. 

gun-chheng-kah, a sort of waistcoat with pockets 
at the side, gun-chheng, id. 

chheng-boe-tiau, unable to bear so many clothes 
because of heat. 

chheng-chhah, manner of dress, as fine or simple, 
good or bad. u-chheng-chhah, well-dressed, ho- 
chheng-chhah, id. 

kiau-kun chheng ki-koa n -ngoeh, a skilful 
gambler grown so poor that he has to crouch between 
the supports of a flag-staff for warmth, ham kau- 
boe-chheng bang-ta, lies so big that even a mos- 
quito-curtain could not cover them. thoa-moa" 
chheng-soh, to wear coarse ropes of raw hemp-bark 
round the waist, as son or daughter-in-law at funeral; 
those who have done so should never be put away though 
they were only adopted. 

Clllieiig (C.) le— nih'chheng— tioh, to meet 
on the road. 

Chill — so-chhi, the spring and wards of a Chinese 
padlock, bi-chhi, lock gone wrong. 

CllIlS — mfig-khg-chhi kia, hair standing on 
end, as from fear or cold. 

Chill (R. su). hi-chhi, the gills of a fish, chit- 
hi chiah-tsui, chhi-e ke, the fish called "chit" 
drinks water, but it goes out below the gills (said of a 
man forgetful who did him a kindness or favour). 

Chill (R. su). ge-tso-chhi, the part of the cheek 
at the roots of the molar teeth (v. tso). bi-chhi, slight 
obstruction in the throat (v. bi), (s. wards of lock). 

Clllli (cf. chhu). chham-chhi, all in confusion; 
confusedly mixed, chham-chham chhi-chhi. id. 

72 chhi 

toa-chhi-chha, great profusion of food at a feast. 
lau-jiet chhi-chha, very crowded and bustling. 

Clllli (R. id.) chhi-tsoat, stupid, awkward, chhi- 
gai, stupid, silly. 

Cllhi (C), = A. chhu (R.), female. 

Clllli (C.), = A. chhu, a larva or animalcule. 

Clllli, to make a hissing sound, as a frying-pan; to 
sail under press of sail, hissing through the water. 
chhi-chhi-hau, to make a hissing sound, as frying in 
a frying-pan. tsui teh-chhi, water making a hissing 
sound in boiling, chhi-chhi la-la, the sound of 
meat frying in melted fat. chhi--chit-e, to parch or 
fry on a frying-pan with little or no fat. chhi-chhi- 
kiin, sound of water boiling (said also of a child rest- 
lessly impatient to see or get something) ; sound of frying. 

tit-tit-chhi, to make way rapidly through the water 
with a hissing sound, as vessel under press of sail. 
ngi"-liau-chhi, id. chhi--lai, to come along at 
full speed, as vessel coming close up to us. chhi-oa, 
to run rapidly alongside so as to attack a vessel, chhi- 
oa, beh-lai-phah — goa, he ran up rapidly close to 
me to beat me. 

Cllhl, damp, as hair, cakes, floor, &c. chhiu"- 
chhi, to grow damp, iam chhiu"-chhi, the salt 
grows damp, chhi-kauh-kauh, very damp, as cakes 
or room, lau-koa" chhi-chhi, slight perspiration 
on skin. 

Cllhl [R. to hold with the hand], hu-chhi, to 
aid, to assist, as gods, chi-chhi, to give some little 
help to keep a matter from going all wrong, tsu-chhi, 
to have the full management of an affair, pa-chhi, 
shrewd, difficult to get round, khim-chhi, very 
shrewd and skilful, as in managing affairs or giving 
advice about them, so that it is hard to get round him, 
and that what he does generally comes right. 

chhia"-chhi--teh, pausing a little to consider be- 
fore deciding, e.g. before beginning a quarrel, i-chhi, to 
use temporarily in hope of improvement; to keep up or 
take care of, as an interim arrangement; to stay for a 
time in an unsuitable place till a better can be got, or 
waiting for repairs, &c. bong-i-chhi, id. chhia"- 
i-chhi, id. i-chhi ke-jit, to put up with temporarily 
(as with employment, place, or person) till something 
better can be got. 

ut-pang siong-chhi, gu-jin tek-li (prov. ), when 
people go to law the mandarins and their underlings get 
their money. 

Clllli (R. su), (A. chhi, su; Cn. su), a surname. 

Clllli (R. id.) chhia-chhi, prodigal extravagance 
or luxury. 

Clllli [R. a tooth, = col. khi]. ka-ge chhiet-chhi, 
to gnash the teeth in rage or pain, chhi pek, tun 
hong, teeth white and lips red (said of a pretty face). 

Clllli (C.) khe-chhi, small flat boats of very 
small draught for shallow sandy streams. 

Clllli (C), = A. chhu, rat, mouse, &c. le-chhi, = 
A. ni&u-ehhu, a rat. 

Clllli (C), = A. chhu, to select, &c. 

Clllli (C), = A. chhu, to reside, to manage. 

Clllli (C.),=A. chhu, a piece of wood for mixing 
mortar, cheng-chhi, a sort of pestle. 

Clllli (R. id.) ki-chhi, flags and streamers of an 
army, ki-chhi sien-beng, the flags all new and 

Cllhl (R. si), to try; to tempt; to make trial of. 
chhi-khoa", to try; to make an experiment; to see 









how it will do. chhi-bai (esp. T.), id. chhi-eng, 
to use on trial. chhi-chiah--chit-e, to taste so as 
to try. chhi-chiah-khoa", id. chhi-siu", to con- 
sider carefully. 

chhi lang--e 6e-l, to try to find out a man's mean- 
ing, thau-mhg chhi-he, to rush into evident dan- 
ger (lit. try fire with our hair), chlii-lien (r.), afflic- 
tions, trials, or persecutions (X.) 

<*ll 111 — chhio - chhi, to light a lamp near a 
corpse, chhi-iu, the oil burned in a lamp beside a 
corpse (used afterwards for incantations), boah-chhi- 
ru, to sprinkle (secretly) with this oil, supposed to cause 
a quarrel with husband. ki n -chhi, to come suddenly 
in sight of a corpse, coffin, or funeral. 

Clllll [R. a fin], hi-chhi, fishes' fins for food, esp. 
sharks' fins. 

Clllli [It. a sort of fish], chhi-hi, a sort of fish 
very full of bones, chhi-liu, id. 

Chili — chhi-chhe-hau, sound of heavy rain on 
the roof (v. chhe). 

Clllli [R. chhii, to pierce, to taunt; interchanged 
with the next word], ki-chhi, to ridicule; -to taunt; 
to make sarcastic remarks, chhi-khek, to assassinate 
or attempt to assassinate a sovereign or very high man- 
darin by a dagger. 

Clllli (R. chhii), a thorn ; a prickle; a thorny plant. 
chhi-chhi, very prickly, khi-chhi, rough and un- 
even, as a surface, giah-chhi, to extract a thorn. 

chhi-chhak, to grieve and pierce the heart; to 
dazzle the eyes (v. chhak). 

chhi-a, a thorn, chhi-phe, id. chhau-chhi, 
thorny plants, chhl-tsang, a thorny plant, chhi- 
loah, a thorn-hedge, chhi-phe-loah, id. 

chhi-kiil, a ball with iron pricks (used by sorcerers 
to wound themselves), chhi-kiu-a, round thorny 
wild fruits, mef-thang-chhi, a sort of prickly sea- 
worm (v. thing), chhi-som, prickly biche-de-mer. 
chhi-koe, a cucumber, chhi-tek, a sort of bamboo 
full of thorns, tek-chhi, a long thin bamboo branch; 
a bamboo thorn, sut tek-chhi, to whip with a thin 
long bamboo branch. 

chhoa n -chhi, causing annoyance or trouble by con- 
stantly raising objections or finding fault; very peevish. 
chhoa D -chhi-le', do. ; also said of an affair that involves 
many troublesome details difficult to set right, kau- 
chhoa n -chhi, do. do. to a great extent. chhit- 
chhoa" poeh-chhi, id. bo-chhoa" bo-chhi, there 
is no flaw or danger of trouble about the affair; no fear 
(e.g.) of extra expenses or unforeseen difficulties, khi- 
chhoa n -chhi, to raise trouble when there is no need; 
to cause mischief by raising objections, &c. ; to pick a 
quarrel. khi-chhoa n khi-chhi, id. 

noa n -th& bo-chhl (soft mud with no thorns), a 
man who bears injuries without resisting or retaliat- 
ing. _ 

tso-chhi, a medicine, h.6 -hang- chhi, a sort of 
cactus, peng-an-chhi, do., used much on 5. 6. ui- 
to-chhi, another cactus (upright and tall), gu-kak- 
chhi, a sort of hard- wood, koe-kak-chhl, the thistle, 
koe-kang-chhi-thau, the root of a sort of thistle 
(used as a cooling medicine), toa-chhi-thau, a medi- 
cine, chhi-thau-hiu", a medicine, &c. &c. 

Clllli (R. id.), a market-street; a street with shops; 
forms the last word in the names of many market-towns 
or large trading towns. 

chhi-thau, street or streets of shops in a village, 
koe-chhi, a market-street; a street of shops, koe- 

thau-chhi-be, the whole market. sia"-chhi, a city 
with its suburbs (v. sia n ). hi-a-chhi, a fish-market. 

chhin-chhi, a sort of silk (v. chhin). 

pa-chhi, united shutting of all the shops (of a town 
or ward) as a demonstration against the mandarins for 
some injustice, hu-chhi, to arrive at the market in 
good time, khui-chhi, to begin the sales of the day; 
to begin business, as a new shop, or as after the holi- 

ho-chhi-chhau, good trade, purchasers numerous 
and prices good, ho-chhi, id. (s. feed), li-chhi, 
good sale; good trade, ka-iah li-chhi, id. tai- 
kiet li-chhi, good-luck in trade (somewhat supersti- 
tious phrase), pai-chhi, bad sale; trade not good. 
khah - phai" - chhi, id. (s. feed), ke'-mfig tok- 
chhi, the only house that has any special article. 

Clllli — loan-chhi-chha, crowded or confused, as 
a crowd, or as the mind (v. chhii). chhi-chhi-kun, 
sound of men in great numbers swaying about. 

chhi-bu chhi-chhu, whispering. 

Clllli — khun-chhi-chhi, to sleep very sound. 

Clllli — chhio-chhi, smiling pleasant appearance 
of countenance. 

Clllli — per-chhi-a (C. ), the young rice-plants 
that are planted out from the seed-beds. 

clllli (R. sii), to feed (active), to nourish; to bring 
up; to rear; to supply food to; to become food for; to 
temper, as iron. 

iu n -chhi, to feed; to support; to bring up. ho-io- 
chhi, good-tempered and healthy, as child easily fed 
and tended and growing well, ho-chhi, id. (s. market). 
phai n -chhi, difficult to rear and bring up, as delicate 
child (s. market). 

chhi tsa-bff, to keep a concubine, chhi tsa-be-- 
kia", to bring up a daughter, chhi-gin-a, a young 
boy who serves as a servant (almost like a slave) for food 
and clothing only, chhi-li-toa, feeds (or has fed) you 
till grown up. chhi thit-tho, to keep (as birds) for 
amusement merely, chhi-lang, to employ or support 

chhi bat-sat, to let bugs breed abundantly, chhi- 
hi, may you be drowned and become food for fishes ! 
also, to feed fish, chhi-chheng, to be food for powder. 
chhi-toa-chheng, id. chhi pan-tso, id. g&- 
beng chhi-bang, the boy named go--b6ng got the 
mosquitoes to bite him so as to spare his parents. 
chhi-her, be devoured by a tiger; said of a useless fel- 
low, or of reckless running into danger; said also to 
frighten children, thau-khak boah phi"-sng, 
khi-chhi-he\ to try to poison tigers by one's own head 
smeared with arsenic. 

chhi-chiau, he-he liau, the keeping of fancy birds 
for amusement wastes one's property, chhi cheng- 
si", to keep or feed domestic animals, chhi-chhiu" 
(esp. T.), id. (v. chhiu"). chhi-kau, pui ka-ki, to 
keep a dog that barks at ourself. chhi-tsoa, ka 
koe-bii, to nourish a serpent that eats the hens: to 
have a secret enemy in our house, chhi niau-chhu 
ka per-te, to nourish a rat that eats our bags (same 
meaning). chhi-kia n , bo-lun phg; chhi pe-bii, 
siau-thg, sons get rice without stint, but what parents 
eat is counted up and grudged, chhi hau-si n , hi" 
lau-se ; chhi tsa-ber-kia", pat-lang-e, if you 
bring up a son he will nourish his old father, but the 
daughter whom you rear goes over to others, lang 
chhi-lang, sin chit-ki-kut ; thi" chhi-lang, 
pui lut-lut, with all man's feeding he is nothing but 



chhi D 









bones; but, if Heaven feed him, he is very fat. thi" 
na"-beh khit-lang-chhi, chhong thih-thui 
kong-boe-si, if Heaven will have a man live, you 
cannot kill him even with a hammer. 

chhi-thih (C., to temper iron in water, chhi- 
tsiii, id. chh.i-chb.ui, to temper the edge, as of a 

Chili" [R. chheng, pure]. chhi n -mia" (C. chheng- 
beng), the ' ' feast of tombs, " about April 5th. tah-chhi", 
to keep that day by going to the graves and worship- 
ping; repairs are usually made about that time, gen. a 
day or two before. 

CIlllE" [R. seng, to produce, living, raw, = col. si n ], 
(C. chhe"), raw, uncooked, unacquainted; (wild, irasci- 
ble); unbroken, as horse; in some phrases gives the idea 
of haste or touchiness or sickishness. 

chhi n -ser, unacquainted with a thing, person, &c. ; 
unskilled, inexperienced; ill-composed and unsuitable, 
as a literary composition. 1& chhi", ignorant of the 
road. chhi"-chheh, a book that we are not familiar 

chhi"-k6ng, acting very impulsively and hastily. 
chhi"-chin, making a sudden start; do a thing very 
impulsively. chhi"-kia", to be startled, chhau- 
chhi"-kia n , sudden start, as at a ghost, phah- 
chhi n -kia n , to startle; to scare away, as birds. 

chhi n -hoan, savages. chhi" -be, an unbroken 
horse; a wild, unreasonable, ungovernable man. chhi"- 
be-khui, irascible; always ready to quarrel; having 
violent temper; passionate. 

chhi"-bin, touchy; readily taking offence, e.g. taking 
offence at a joke, as if it were in earnest, koe-chhi"- 
bin, id. chit— e chhi n -bm, to take offence suddenly 
when not meant, as a touchy man. pi"-chhi"-bm, id. 
chhi"-bin-h6, a very touchy man (lit. tiger). 

chhi"-gi, feeling a tendency to vomit, as from a bad 
taste; suddenly taken aback and feeling suspicious, as 
at what seems dangerous, or at apparent signs of 
improper conduct ; harbouring suspicion or distrust. 
chhi"-au, feeling of sickness, bringing up a little sour 
watery stuff. chhi n -iau, incessant craving for food of 
a diseased stomach. phah-chhi"-iau, to have this 

chhi"-chhin, chilly cold feeling (v. chhln). 

chhi"-lat-peng, fresh troops. 

chhi"-khim oah-liah, to take alive, as a prisoner; 
very urgent about a matter (v. liah). 

chhi"-thih, unwrought iron. chhi"-ioh, raw 
materials for medicine. chhi°-tsoa, unglazed paper. 
chhi"-iam, a large-grained sort of salt (med. ) chhi"- 
hoan, raw alum. chhi"-chhat, varnish not fully 

Cllhi" (R. seng). chhau-chhi", having a heavy 
raw or unpleasant odour, as fish, or bad smelling things, 
or as ground-nuts not toasted enough. chhi"-chho, 
animal diet, as opposed to vegetarian, hi-chhi", edible 
marine animals, in general. 

Cllhi" (R. chhe). chhi"-chham, wretched, miser- 

Cllhi" (R. sien); fresh (not tainted), as fish; fresh 
and unfaded, as flowers; clean and stiffly starched, as 
clothes or new cloth. 

chhi"-hoe, natural flowers. chhi"-chhioh, fresh 
and nice looking, as new cloth or fresh flowers, chiu"- 
khi-chhi", starch it stiff, hi chhi", the fish are 
fresh, chhi" gu-lin, milk curdled but not yet salted. 

Clllli" (R. chheng); (C. chhe"). chhi"-mi", blind. 

Cllhi" (R, chheng); (C. chhe"); the Chinese indigo 
plant. chhi"-tia", blue dye. hoan-chhi", foreign 
indigo. soa"-chhi", a wild plant, not any sort of indigo. 

phah-chhi", to work up the indigo in the vat to 
extract the colour. chhi"-thang, a large tub or vat 
for steeping indigo. chhi"-kng, an earthen vat for 
dyeing with indigo, khia chhi"-kng, to have such 
a dye-vat in one's shop. 

Clllli" (R. chheng); (C. chhe"); green; said also of 
various shades of blue and purple. 

chhi"-kun, veins as they appear blue on the skin 
(v. kun). 

tang-chhi", verdegris; a green paint made from 
verdegris. tang-chhi"-hi (having green ears), a sort 
of fowl supposed to drive away white ants. 

chhi"-si. a thin silk stuff, of various colours, chhi"- 
si-a, a small yellow bird. chhi"-ioh, a small green 
frog. chhi"-thi, green moss. 

chhi"-a (F.), the areca palm. chhi"-a-chi, betel- 
nut from Formosa, green and soft. 

chhi"-liang, the transparent blue button of third- 
class mandarins. 

chhi"-kim, gold of greenish colour. chhi"-tang, 

hoat-chhi", to put out green leaves, tau-chhi", 
short sprouted (edible) peas, kau tng-chhi", till no 
green thing remains, as in great drought, chhah- 
chhi", to put up green branches on a house or field (v. 
chhah). kim-chhi", to prohibit cattle from the green 
crops, done by having a play. 

chhi"-tau-chi6h, the common green granite of 
Amoy. chioh-chhi"-sek, the dark dull bluish green 
of green granite. ah-nng-chhi", very light blue, 
colour of duck's egg. liu-chhi"-sek, nearly the same 
colour. chhi"-chhui, verdant, chhi" lang-lang, 
bright green, as fields, phu-to-chhi", purplish blue, 
colour of grapes, thien-chhi", a dull purple, hoan- 
a-chhi", dark blue. hau-huih-chhi", light dull blue, 
colour of the blood of the king-crab, sam-kong- 
chhi", a sort of violet-coloured silk. 

chhi"-ng, pale, as the face of a sick man. bin 
chhi"-fig, face of that pale greenish yellow colour. 
tai-ehhi"-ng, id. bin chhi"-peh, face greenish 
white, as of sickly constitution, bin chhi"-sun-sun, 
face pale with sickness or sudden fear, phah er-chhi", 
to beat black and blue. 

chhi"-chhong peh-chhong, not well made; to 
manage ill and spoil, as affair. 

Cllhi" (R. seng); (C. chhe"), a star. chhi"-sin, 
stars (many). chhi"-siu, the stars and constellations, 
pe-chhi", a falling star. 

ker-chhi", the Pleiades, chhit-chhi", id. (v. chhit). 
khe - beng - chhi", the morning star, pak-tau- 
chhi", the Great Bear. sau-chiu-chhi n , a comet. 
thoa-be-chhi", id. chhoah-sai-chhi" (vulg. ), a 
meteor or falling star, tng-be-chhi", a comet; also, a 
son who brings evil on his father. tng-be-chhi"-a, 
said in scolding a disobedient boy who is always caus- 
ing trouble. 

phai"-chhi", a comet; a very wicked injurious man, 
as a bad mandarin, or a robber or seducer, phai"- 
chhi" jip-keng, such a wicked hurtful man coming 
to a place. hoan--tioh phai"-chhi", to come sud- 
denly on some one whom we wish not to meet; to meet 
with something that unexpectedly thwarts our plans; 
to. suffer injury from some wicked man or malignant 
spiritual power. 

chhat-chhi", a rascal who plunders or injures others. 




chhi D 





ho-chhi", a deliverer or benefactor. kiu-chhi", a 
man who delivers us from a very pressing danger, u- 
kiu-chhi", there is some one to deliver us from the 
danger, ho-kiu-chhi". id. 

he-chhi", a spark. he-kirn-chhi", a fire-fly. 

Clllli" [R. chhin, related]; (C. chhe"). chhi"-rh, 
the mothers of bride and bridegroom, as related to each 
other; the wives of the "chhin-ke." 

Clllli" [R. chhien, shallow]; light blue, the colour 
of common Chinese blue cotton cloth, tim-chhi", some- 
what darker blue, as that cotton when new and starched. 
chhio-chhi", somewhat lighter blue. chhi n -bo, a 
light blue cap, worn in secondary mourning. 

Clllli" (C. chh£"). chhin-chhi", pretty, chhut 
ch.hin-ch.hi", to have small-pox. 

Clllli" (R. seng), (C. chhe"), awake; having the 
sexual feeling, only said of the females of lower animals, 
esp. pigs and cats. 

chhf'-chhui. to give an appetite, as a relish does. 

lim-chit-chhi", to doze for a few moments, as with 
head on hand. 

rh-tsai-chhi", very soundly asleep, kio-chhi", to 
awaken another, phah-chhi", to awaken a man un- 
intentionally. phah-chhi"-bin, id. chhi"-bin, to 
awake from sleep; also, to keep one's self awake, as by 
drinking tea. khun-chhi", to awake from sleep. 
poa"-chhi" poa"-khun, half-asleep. chhi"-chhi" 
bo-khiin. wide awake. oa"-khun tsa-chhi", late 
to bed and rising early. 

tiam-chhi", to warn (by a hint) of a plot or other 
danger, as a friend; or as a god, by a dream or vision, 
&c. chhi"-ge" (X.), to awaken as to the knowledge of 
a doctrine; tojbegin to understand it. chhi"-nge\ id. 

Clllli" (R. chhu), to pierce ( = chhi), either literally 
or figuratively of grief at heart. 

Clllli". an instrument used in making nets, bak- 
chhi". a wedge-shaped piece of wood, used by carpenters 
for dipping in ink and drawing lines on wood, bih- 
chhi". do. made of bamboo split small like a brush. 

Clllliil (R. ku), a carriage; a windlass or capstan; 
instruments with a wheel, as a lathe, a spinning-wheel, 
&c. ; to turn such a wheel; to turn in a lathe; a sur- 

tia"-chhia, windlass for anchor, on bow of junk. 
phang-chhia, windlass for sail, at mast, tsui-chhia, 
a chain water-wheel for irrigation, tsui-chhia-iap, 
the paddles of a chain water-wheel, chia-chhia, a 
sugar-mill, iu-chhia, an oil-press, chhiu-chhia, 
a spinning-wheel, phang-chhia, do. phang- 
chhia - lun, the wheel of a spinning-wheel. sai 
phang-chhia-lun, to make one's arms go round like 
a wheel. 

gu-chhia, a cart drawn by oxen, be-chhia, a 
cart or carriage drawn by a horse, he-chhia, a cart, 
he-hun-chhia, a railway train, leng-chhia hong- 
lien, imperial carriage and sedan, che-chhia, to 
ride in a carriage or cart. koa"-chhia, to drive it. 
thoa-chhia, to draw a cart or carriage. 

tsap-lak-chhia, the smaller poles used in carrying 
a coffin; so called, though usually only eight bearers 
are employed, chhong-chhia, to fit these poles for 
a coffin. 

chhia-khoan, a capstan bar. chhia-hu, a cha- 
rioteer; a driver, chhia-soh, a carriage rope; the end- 
less band of a spinning-wheel, phang-chhia-soh, 
the endless band, chhia - lun, a carriage- wheel, 
chhia-lun-ki", a spoke, chhia-ki", id. chhia- 

lun-sim, the boss of a wheel, chhia-lun-sng, the 
axle, chhia-sng. id. 

chhia-tia", to raise the anchor, chhia-phang, 
to spread the sail by raising it. chhia-tsan, to raise 
(by windlass) a square net set on a pivot on rocks by the 
sea. chhia-se, to transfer the thread from the iron 
spindle to the wooden spools, or what stand for bobbins, 
chhia-ker-po, a man dressed as a woman, who beats 
the drum at an idol procession (v. ker). 

chhia-kui, a turning-lathe, chhia-kang, the 
expense of turning; men employed as turners, chhia- 
ge, to turn in ivory, chhia-ge sai-hu, a turner in 
ivory, chhia-gek, to turn jade in a lathe, chhia- 
chha, to turn in wood. 

chhia-poa", to say the same thing wearisomely over 
and over in a discussion; endless weary repetition of the 
same arguments, u-hoan-chhia, able to accommo- 
date one's self to the circumstances; versatile, pak- 
lai tioh-6e hoan-chhia, you should be willing to 
change your mind and plans, on being spoken to reason- 
ably. t&-lai long-boe hoan-chhia, too stiff and 
unable to accommodate one's self to circumstances, 
bo-hoan-chhia, id. 

Cllllia — peh-chhia-ku, a white material from 
a shell, used for opaque white official buttons (v. ku). 

cllllia, better chiah. chhia-lat, to be very seri- 
ous, as a matter of pressing importance. 

Clllliil — 16-chhia, an idol in form of a little 
boy ( = tiong-tan gofm-soe) holding a spear, attendant 
on Tai-to-kong, and some other idols. 16-chhia thai- 
tsii, id. 

Clllliil (R. id.) chhia-chhi, lavish; prodigal in 
gaudy display and expenditure; wasteful and extrava- 
gant in vanities or pleasures, chhia-hoa, id. 

Clllliil (C. chhu), to gnaw or eat up by making 
holes, as ants and such insects, peh-hia chhia. the 
white ants eat it. khit-thang-chhia, to be eaten 
through by insects. 

Clllliil (R. chhui), to push: falling in floods, as 
water, chhia-to, to push over; to overset; to upset. 
sa"-chhia, to push each other, as in wrestling or 

lai chhia-bii, bu chhia-lai, compound interest 

thap-thau-chhia, to fall head-foremost, chhia 
pha-lin-tau, to make a somerset, her chhia-teh- 
pia", rain coming down in floods. h.& chhia-teh- 
to, id. chia, a waterfall ; put after the name of the 
place, e.g. tang-a-chia, the waterfall near the village 
"taug-a," near Chang-poo. 

clllliil — poa"-chhia, to move things about, as 
in looking for something; to talk over and over the very 
same thing with wearisome iteration, as in arguing. 
poa"-chhia sin-chheh-a ku-lah-jit (prov.), to 
rake up old out-of-date faults or reports against a 

Cllllia (R. sid), oblique; slanting; sloping, oai- 
chhia, oblique, khi-chhia, leaning over, as a vessel, 
or as a wall about to fall. 

jit chhia, the sun about to set. geh chhia, the 
moon about to set. 

chhia-bun, drills or twilled cloth (v. bun), chhia- 
thong, the sloping beams of a roof which support the 

chhia-the\ the thirty-second radical, as written at 
the side, chhia-giok, the ninety -sixth radical, as 
written at the side, chhia-ong, id. 






Cllllicli (R. sia), steep; steeper than "bin," but less 
steep than "kia;" about halt' a right angle. 

Cllllia" — b£-chhia" (C), the thick bristles of a 
horse's tail. 

Chhia n (R. chheng). hok-chhia", Puh-tsing 
Hien, near Fuh-chau. ban-chhia", Min-tsing Hien, 
near do. 

cllUlia" (R. sting), (dist. from chia"), to make com- 
plete; to repair thoroughly; to help a man to complete 
a thing; to give valuable assistance. chhia"-be, to 
complete properly what had been unfinished. chhia."- 
mih", to make a thing all right that was imperfectly 
made, chhia." he^-i-ho, id., &c. 

koe-chhia", to repair or correct thoroughly, chhia"- 
ke, to take care of a household so as to make it pros- 
per, as a good wife does, china" — lang, to assist a 
man to get on in life, as a friend does by setting him up 
in business, or lending him money; or as a benevolent 
spirit does to his votaries. chhia" -larig-ho, to help 
a man to prosper yet more than before. chhia n -ti, to 
bring up children till they are married, or can take care 
of themselves. chhia"- -i chia"-lang, to rear and 
take care of him till he gets married, trig-chhia", to 
become of marriageable age, as boy or,girl. 

cllStlii" — pun-chhia n , a coarse shovel-shaped 
scoop for gathering up sweepings. 

CllSihi" (R. id.), just let — ; please just — ; now 
just — ■; just for a short time — . b6ng-chhia n , id. 
(v. bong). 

ker-chhia", remissly; carelessly; inaccurately, ki'6- 
chhia" (Cn.), id. chiam-chhia", just temporarily 
let — ; just for a short time — . chhia n -ban, wait a 
little. chhia"- ban --chiah, id. chhia"-leng-- 
teb, just wait a little before doing it. chhia n -kia — 
li, I intrust this thing to you to keep for me for a short 

si6ng-chhia a , yet notwithstanding; almost always 
followed by "hd-h6ng," or such a phrase, giving the 
sense "even when . . . yet, . . . how much more" 
(v. siong). 

Cllllia" (R. chhSng), to invite ; to engage, as a 
teacher ; good-bye. chhia" - mhg, to ask politely. 
chhia"-che, please take a seat; please don't go away. 
chhia n -te, to invite to take a cup of tea. chhia"- 
bun, to offer a smoke. chhia n -thiap, invitation cards. 
chit-chhia" cbit-cbbui, to invite, and afterwards 
urge more strongly. 

chhia" sien-si n , to engage a teacher, pheng- 
chhia", to make a present to a wise man, and invite 
him to be a minister of state, &c. (v. pheng). 

chhia"-leng, to ask orders from a military superior, 
as for an expedition, or for beheading. cbbia"-pai, 
to ask a license for a pawn-shop, &c. (v. pai). poa n - 
chhia", to get one's family to move, esp. a mandarin's 
family moving to his seat of office. 

chhia" -put, to invite an idol to come from one 
place to another; to call the spirit of an idol to come 
into the body of an enchanter. chhia"-leng, to invite 
the spirit of the dead to come and stay in the "leng- 
chhii" during the rites for the dead. chhia"-sin, to 
invite the spirits to come to some ceremony, chhia"- 
ong, to invite the spirit "6ng-ia" to come, chhia" 
bok-tsii, to invite the ancestral tablets to change their 
place, thau-chhia", to steal an idol or ancestral 
tablet, cbbia" -be, to bring sacred fire from a greater 
temple to an inferior one. cbbia"-kng, to get an 
amulet from an idoL 


sa"-cbbia n , to invite friends. sa"-cbhia" bo- 
lun, when inviting friends we don't count how much 
they eat. cbbia" - tob, to give a feast, cbbia" 
chhun-chiu, to invite to a feast in the new-year's 
holidays (v. chiu). 

I'll Ilia" (R. chheng), to hire, as a boat or servant, or 
workman (but not said of a teacher). sa"-chhia", id. 
ker-cbhia", id. chhin-chhiu" ker-chhia", like a 
hireling (said in blaming a relative for giving too little 
care to what we intrusted him), tiau-chhia", to hire 
specially, tit-chhia", id. chhia"-kang, to hire 
labourers; a hired labourer. 

iang-cbbia", to intrust a message or commission to 
a man. chhia" -ehhiu" (to hire a spear), to engage a 
man to write an essay for us for the examination. 

I'll Ilia It [R. chhek, the side], chhiah-bak- 
khoa", to look with a side-glance angrily, displeased, 
or enviously, sai-chhiah-bak, id. 

Chliiali [R, chhek, = cb.hii, col. chhl, to pierce], to 
sew or embroider; to brand; to make, as a net; to pierce; 
to dazzle; to dig, as turf; to stir, as the fire. 

cbbiab-buib, to pierce so as to bring blood, as in 
killing a pig. chhiah--ti6h cbit-ki-cbboa", pierced 
by a small thorn or splinter, chhiah-tioh-chhi, 
pierced by a thorn, chhiah-ji, to stamp characters on 
criminals; to brand. 

cbbiab bak-cbiu, to dazzle the eyes, as the sun; 
to excite desire, as things seen, cbbiab-iah, an un- 
comfortable feeling of body, as from dirty clothes, pro- 
fuse perspiration, or prickly heat; uncomfortable dis- 
appointed feeling, as from some loss or cross, pbab 
cbhiab-sng-eb, to belch with a bad sour taste and 

chbiab-boe, to embroider finely with short stitches, 
the hand keeping on one side of the cloth, cbbiab- 
siu, to embroider by passing the needle right through 
and then back, tbio-boe chhiah-siu, to embroider; 
embroidering in general. cbbiab-6e, to sew shoes in 
making, ebbiab-bang, to make a net. cbbiab 
tsang-sui, to make a rain-coat of palm fibre. 

ebbiab-be, to stir the fire. cbbiab-tb&, to stir 
the earth, as with a spade (s. red), cbbiab ebbau- 
pbia", to dig sods of turf, cbbiab koa ebbau-pbi, 
to dig a few sods. 

cbbiig-cbhiab, looking out avariciously for every 
chance (right or wrong) for making money. 

Clllliall [R. chhek, red], brownish-red; naked; very 
poor, as man or place; rude, coarse, or wild, as persons. 
er-ang, cbbiab peb-lek, the five colours. 

ebbiah-bab, the lean of meat (v. bah), ebbiab- 
ll, the brown mucous discharge of dysentery. 

ang-tbi", chbiab jit-tbau, very hot cloudless sky. 

ebbiab-bi, a red sort of rice, ebbiab-kbak- 
tsut, the best sort of glutinous rice. 

cbiok-chhiab-kim, pure unalloyed gold, chbiab 
kau na n lek-kim, shining as if inlaid with gold; said 
also of a man very poor. 

cbhiah-koai"-koai n , very very poor, chhiah- 
khiu-khiu, id. cbhiab kau jip-jiong (T. ), most 
extremely poor (lit. to the quick), song -chbiab 
(Cn.), very poor, san-chhiab, very poor; sometimes 
has the idea of daring to do any bad action to get money. 
ia-chhiah, very wild and rude, chbiah-a, roughs, 
rowdies, and vagrants, phe'-chhiah (Cn.), the row- 
dies of a ward. chhiah-tsa-be\ a forward, vulgar, 
and impudent woman, ready to dispute and quarrel 
shamelessly with men. 









ehhiah-kha, feet naked ; bare foot, chhiah-tiau- 
tiau. stark naked. chhiah-sin ler-tihe, naked body. 

chhiah-khau-jit, certain days that are unlucky, so 
that matters begun on them will cause much trouble- 
some discussion. 

chhiah-kiu n , a sort of brown cricket (v. kill"), 
chhiah-kiu, a small round fish, chhiah kau na n 
chhiah-kiu--nih n , said of a man who is very poor, 
or a woman very impudent, or child very troublesome. 
chhiah-tsang-a, a small fish two or three inches 
long, chhiah-hai (F.), a fish of brilliant red colour. 

chhiah-phe, a sort of hard wood (used for furni- 
ture), chhiah-ehhai, a sea-weed (used in making 
idolatrous paper), chhiah-jin-the, a sort of reddish 
clay, chhiah-the, id. (s. pierce). 

dllliiill (C), = A. siah, a sort of spoon or ladle. 
chhiah-a, id. chha-chhiah, a sort of wooden ladle. 

Clllliak (C), = A. chhiok. kim-chhiak-hoa, 
a beautiful yellow flower. 

clllliilk — chhiak-chhiak-chhiak, sound of 
dollars shaken, chhiak-chhiak-hau, do. ; also said 
of a young person or inferior talking on loud and big 
when he should be quiet, chhiak-chhiak-kid, id. 

Clllliak, to start suddenly. chhiak--chit-e, id. 
chhiak-chhiak-tio, to palpitate, as the heart; to 
jump up and down noisily and angrily, chhiak- 
chhiak-thiau, to jump and frisk about incessantly. 

ai-chhiak, fond of display and expense; making a 
great appearance of exultation, self-importance, or bra- 
vado. siu n -chhiak, making too much display, bravado, 

Clllliillll (R. id.), long narrow slips of wood (used 
as lots); potatoes or dough made into long thin slips. 
chhiam-a, a long thin wooden lot. io-chhiam-a, 
to shake the cylinder holding the lots before drawing 
one. io-chhiam-a than-chiah, to live by this style 
of fortune-telling (the lowest sort), hiam chhiam-a, 
to gamble by drawing lots — twenty-five in number — five 
lots for each of the five colours, thiu-chhiam, to draw 
lots, as in fortune -telling, chhiam-si, colloquial 
verses on slips of paper, drawn by lot in temples. 
tsoa-chhiam, to get by lot, as an office; appointed to 
office by lot. 

chhiam-tang, a cylinder for holding the lots. 

he-chhiam, a tally given to a mandarin's messenger, 
as proof of the special urgency of the commands. 

tau-chhiam, a sort of dough cut up into long nar- 
row thin slips, han-tsu-chhiam, potatoes cut into 
long narrow slips and dried. 

Clllliillll — chhiam-ta n , a pole sharp at each 
end for carrying fuel ; it often has iron points, but not 

cllllitim [R. chham, to mix], chhe-chhiam, to 
bend one knee to a superior without touching the ground. 

Cklliam [R. all], chhiam-ki (C), to give a 
united recommendation, as several persons. 

Clllliaill [R. to write, as one's name; a narrow slip 
of paper with writing], chhiam-ah, to write the date 
(and some other marks) in red ink on an official docu- 
ment (v. ah), chhiam-mia", to sign or put down 
one's name; to put down another man's name by his 
authority, chhiam-mia 11 ui-ho, to write one's name 
(or have it written) and make the legal mark. 

chheh-chhiam, the long narrow title pasted on the 
outside of a book. 

Cllhiam ( = chhim). bak-sai chhiam- chhiam- 
lau, tears flowing abundantly. 

Clllliillll (esp. C., = chhiang), a close-skinned or 
coolie orange. 

Clllliaill ( = chham). toa-chhiam-kdr, large 
cymbals and drums. 

Clllliillll (R. id. ), a fork; a fork-shaped instrument; 
to pierce; to sew (esp. the edge) by short longitudinal 
stitches; to hem ; to thrust in, as a carrying-pole into a 
bundle of fuel. 

chhiam-a, a fork; an instrument for twirling the 
ball of opium in the flame before smoking, to- chhiam, 
knife and fork, thih-chhiam, an iron fork (used in 
cooking), a-phien-hun-chhiam, a cleaner for the 
bowl of the opium-pipe. 

phah-chhiam, to put a sharp instrument into things 
to examine them, as custom-house officers do. thfig- 
chhiam, a hollow-pointed instrument for taking a 
sample of sugar without opening the bag. chhiam - 
thfig, to take a sample of sugar out of a bag by insert- 
ing this instrument through the bag. bi-chhiam, a 
pointed hollow instrument for inserting in a rice-bag so 
as to take out a sample without opening it. chhiam- 
kong, id. 

chhiam-hoe, to stick flowers on thin bamboo slips, 
for wearing in the hair, chit-chhiam-hoe, a thin 
slip of bamboo with flowers stuck on it. hoe-chhiam, 
a hair-pin for flowers. 

chhiam-oa, to fasten together (as the boards of a 
door) by long bamboo pins. 

chhiam 6e-li, to sew the edges of the lining of 
shoes, in sewing them on. chhiam-pi", to hem a 

kha chhiam — tioh, the foot hurt by coming against 
something sharp, chhiam-ba (C. ), to spear wild 
animals with a sort of spear or fork. 

Cllhiam (R. id.), the keel of a vessel, thau- 
chhiam, the fore-part of the keel, be-chhiam, the 
after half of the keel, teh-chhiam, to lay down the 
keel with idolatrous ceremonies, an-chhiam, do. 

Clllliaill — lek-chhiam-chhiam, very green, 
as fields after rain; having a green shade, as inferior 
black cloth. 

Chhiam (R. id.) chhiam-koan, to usurp autho- 
rity, chhiam- chheng, to assume or use a high title 
without any right to it. chhiam-chhui, to inform 
against a man to his superior, though we have no direct 
duty in the matter. 

Clllliaill — chhiam-to, a sort of knife or grav- 
ing-tool for cutting blocks for printing. 

Clllliilll, in all the tones; better chhien, q.v. 

Clllliailg' [R. chhiong, a spear, = col. chhiu"]. 
niau-chhiang, a gun; a musket, thai-chhiang, 
a sort of large gun worked by two men. 

Clllliailg (C), =A. chhiong. chhiang-kong, 
violent and hasty. 

Clllliailg (C), = A. chhiong (a prostitute); to scold 
with vile impure epithets. 

Clllliailg (C), = A. chhiong. bfin-chhiang, the 
god of literature. 

Chlliang (r.), =chhiu n , to winnow. 

Clllliailg [R. ti&ng, bowels, = col. tng]. ien- 
chhiang, sausages. 

Clllliailg [R. siong, constantly], chhiang-tsai, 
constantly present, as at his post. 

Clllliilllg (R. sidng), (C), to repay; to pay a debt. 

Clllliilllg, to sweep away soil, as a torrent, kun- 
chhiang-chhiang, boiling violently, as water. 










Cllhlflllg [R. tiong, an area, an arena, =col. tiu n ]. 
pai-chhiang, gaudy. kong-6e, ai-pai-chhiang, 
talking very big. 

rll il l<l llg ( = chhiam), the close-skinned or coolie 

Clllliang ( = chheng). pun -chhiang, too fat 
and awkward in gait; awkward-looking, from having 
on too many clothes, or clothes ill put on ; vulgar in talk. 

Clllliang', to walk with much difficulty, as with a 
lame or sore leg; to get along by a sort of hopping with 
a stick or a crutch, un-a-chhiang, to walk along 
slowly, as with a painful leg. chhiang-kha, do.; 
sometimes with a sort of hop. chhiang-ker-le (Cn.), 
to bop, as a child. 

Clllliang [E. jidng, confused, involved], ju- 
chhiang-chhiang, very intricate, entangled, or in- 
volved, ji-chhiang-chhiang (C), id. (cf. chhang). 

Clllliang — chhiang-ehhiang-tsau, to run 
very fast. 

Cllhiang (C.), = A. chhi6ng, (to be first). 

Clllliang [R. chhi6ng, to sing, to call loud, cf. col. 
chhiii"], to call out with a loud voice in a formal manner; 
to make express stipulation verbally, as for price or 
wages, kap-li- cllhiang, make a distinct arrange- 
ment or agreement with you. 

tsau-chhiang, to go about, as itinerant ballad- 
singer for money; a street-singer, tsau-chhiang e- 
lang, a street ballad-singer. 

chhiang-mia 11 , to call out a name loud, as in calling 
a roll of names, chhiang-mia" — e, the man in a 
yamun whose duty it is to call out loud for whatever 
subordinate is wanted, chhiang-le, to call out the 
name of each offering and of each rite to be performed, 
as the master of ceremonies does at solemn offerings. 
chhiang-ke, to call out the price, as an auctioneer, 
chhiang-li-lek, to state verbally (to superior officer) 
one's own birth and history (v. 16k). 

chhiang-khi-thau, to be the first to propose a 
matter or to raise a subject (perhaps this phrase belongs 
to the previous word). 

Chlliang — chhiang-chhiang-kun, to make 
a noise, as a number of people, or as water boiling (cf. 

Chhiang (cf. chhiang), (C.) chhiang-kha-ke, 
to hop. 

Chlliap [R. a concubine], it-chhe it-chhiap, 
one wife and one concubine, khi-chhe thiong- 
chhiap, to put away the legal wife, and take a former 
concubine as wife, punishable by transportation, bi- 
chhu-chhe, sien chhu-chhiap, to take a concu- 
bine before marrying a wife; against Chinese law, and 
counted highly improper by the people. 

Clllliat, chhiat; better chhiet, chhiet (q.v.) 

ClllliaU — chhiau-chhe, to search, as for a 
thing lost, chhiau-khoa", to search, as a person or 
house for stolen articles, chhiau-ke, to search a man- 
darin's family residence (at home), to see if he has em- 
bezzled or squeezed seriously; it generally includes the 
idea of confiscation, chhiau-u, to find by searching, 
ehhiau-bo, to look, but not find. 

ClllliaU — chhiau-poa" ( = chhia-poa n ), to talk 
over the same thing with wearisome reiteration. 

CllhiaU ( = chhau). chhiau-sam-tsok, to put 
to death a criminal with his relatives, and those of his 
mother and of his wife. 

CllhiaU, to mix by stirring, as a powder with a 

fluid or semi-fluid, as dough, mortar, &c. chhiau- 
the\ to mix mortar, chhiau-ka", to mix leaven. 
chhiau-ke. to mix the materials for the cakes called 
"keV chhiau mi n -hun, to work up wheaten dough. 
chhiau-chhoe, to make rice-dough, chhiau-ti", 
to mix sugar in dough, for making sweet cakes or sweet- 
meats, chhiau-tsui, to mix water with a powder, 
such as lime, flour, &c. chhiau-iu, to mix oil as 

Chilian — be-chiu" chhiau— leh, move the 
stern-oar like a helm, with a slight motion. 

Chilian [R. to excel, to raise], chhiau-seng, to 
save a soul out of punishment, so that it is again born 
into this world, pit-ha chhiau-seng, the pen writes 
down that the criminal may live, chhiau-te, to save 
a soul out of hades; to get again born into this world. 

chhiau-poat, having an appearance of intelligence 
and talent; also (R. ) to rescue a soul from hades to be 
again born into the world, chhiau -thoat, easy, 
off-hand, and unconstrained in manner; also (R.) to get 
a soul again born into the world, chhiau-chhek, 
exulting manner; in high spirits. 

chhiau-soan, to choose the best, as goods or men. 
chhiau-kun (R.), to have surpassing talent or excel- 
lence of any sort, mental or physical, or in external 
appearance, chhut-chiong chhiau-kun (R.), id. 
chhiau-teng, the ten competitors who get the highest 
prizes at the (giok-pin) Amoy local examinations. 

ClllliaU ( = ehiau). chhiau-sim peh-pak, sorely 
grieved and distressed. 

CllllisiU, to move a thing slightly so as to get it 
into the right place or position; to alter slightly for the 
better; to set to the right time, as a watch; to give a 
slight twist to a statement or message for a purpose; to 
adjust by a small change; to adjust a dispute, esp. in 
money matters, by getting each party to abate something 
of his demands; to get a man put out of his situation by 
statements not strictly true. 

boe-chhiau--tit, it is fixed or settled, so that it 
cannot be altered in the least, so that it cannot be 
mended, e.g. a demand that will be insisted on, or an 
incautious statement made in evidence, or an incon- 
venient promise or agreement, that we are held to. 
chhiau-tam-poh, to alter slightly, as the terms of a 
bargain, or agreement, or settlement, &c. he-goa 
chhiau-tam-poh, allow me to have somewhat better 
terms, e.g. let me have a little more money than was 
promised; let me alter it slightly according to my views 
of what is better. 

chhui-chhiau, to adjust a difference in money 
matters; to discuss a bargain till the price is fixed; to 
haggle. chhiau ke-chi n , to adjust the price by 
mutual concessions, kap-i-chhiau, to come to an 
agreement with him, by each yielding a little, goa 
ka-lin-chhiau, I will adjust and arrange your dispute 
so as to bring you to an agreement. 

chhiau-poah, to put a matter (that was in a bad 
state) into a better state, chhiau khah-ho-thia", 
to alter slightly our report of an affair, or a message 
given us, so as to make it sound better. chhiau 
khah-ho, id. chhiau khah-phai", to alter the 
report slightly, so as to make the affair seem worse than 
the reality. 

chhiau chio-chi n , to get the price a little lowered. 
m-he—li chhiau-chio-chi n , won't let down his 
price or monetary demands in the least for you. 

chhiau i — e thau-le 1 , to make him lose his situa- 
tion by making misrepresentations against him to his 







superior. khit--i chhiau--khi, to lose one's place 
through his misrepresentations. 

chhiau-kut, to set a bone that was displaced. 
chhiau-i chhiau-toh, to move furniture (chairs and 
tables) into proper positions by slight changes, chhiau- 
khi-chia", alter it a little so as to make it quite even 
or correct. 

Clllliiill — chhin-chhiau, mischievous, behav- 
ing badly, as troublesome child. chhin-chhiau- 
chhiau, id. 

clllliuil (C.) chhiau-chhiau kh.ah.-toa, just 
a little larger. 

Hlllihll [R. siau, C. (R.) chhiau, to laugh, = col. 
chhi6]. soat-chhiau, to jest and joke, to talk laugh- 
able things. chhiau-tam, jocular talk. kong 
chhiau-tam, to make or tell jests and jokes; to talk 
foolish talk. 

('illl hlllil , a bamboo instrument used as an accom- 
paniment in some songs, phah-chhiauh, to beat it 
at the set times while singing, teh-chhiauh, id. 

Clllliilllll — chhih-chhiauh, mischievous, be- 
having in a disorderly manner, as children or women. 

Clllliilllll — chhiauh-chhiauh-tio, to jump 
up and down angrily; to dance about, as a Tauist sorcerer 
(tang-chi) in ecstacy. khi kau chhiauh-chhiauh- 
tio, dancing with rage. 

Clllliailll (cf. chiauh). chhiauh-chhiauh-hau, 
clattering sound, as of shoes worn loosely; said of a man 
(esp. an inferior) talking on long when he should stop. 
chhui chhiauh-chhiauh-hau, talking on when he 
should stop, chhiauh-chhiauh-liam, to talk on in 
a low discontented tone, when^he should be satisfied, 
chhiauh-chhiauh-nih", to wink or blink constantly, 
as from custom or from state of eyes. 

ClllllCll (R. id.), to migrate; to change one's resi- 
dence, chhien-i, id. chhien--khi pat-s6-tsai, 
id. chhien -soa (r.), id. chhien-ku (r.), id. 
chhien-ki (C. ), id. 

kai-ko chhien-sien, to reform one's faults and 
return to virtue, pien-chhien, to change for the 
worse, or passing away, se-su pien-chhien, affairs 
all changing for the worse. 

cllllicil (R. id.); (T. chhien, chhin). chhien- 
chhiu, a swing, hiu-chhien-chhiu, to swing a 
swing. hi n -chhien-chhiu, id. 

cllllicil [R. a thousand, =col. chheng]. chhien - 
kim (polite), a daughter, chhien-kim-tui, a medi- 
cinal plant, chhien-jit-hong, a sort of everlasting 

chhien-ke-le, commodities that are in constant use 
by every one, so as to be very safe to trade in. chhien- 
tsong, a mandarin who commands (nominally) a 
thousand men, but really few. chhien-li-kia n , a 
telescope, chhien-li-be, a courier. 

chhien-ban, most earnestly — (said in urging or 
entreating), chhien-ban m-thang, on no account 
do so. kong-chhien kong-ban, to entreat or ex- 
hort very earnestly, chhien-gien ban-gu, a vast 
deal of talk, chhien-chin ban-chin, most certainly 
true, chhien-pien ban-hoa, all sorts of changes 
and transformations (v. ho;\). chhien-gun boe- 
chhu, ban-gun boe chhu-pi n , it is ten times easier 
to buy a good house than to get good neighbours. 

Chhien [R. tien, a field, = col. chhan]. chhien- 
kap-a, bits of paper which children play with (v. kap). 

Cllllicil, to delay, ien-chhien, id. ke-chhien- 

jit, to delay longer, chhien i-e-kang, to interrupt, 
and delay his work. 

chhien-ui, to refuse to sit down till the other sits 
down, or urging the other to take a higher seat. sa n - 
chhien, id. or asking one another to take precedence 
in walking. 

Cllllicil — khioh-chhien, to pile up cakes, 
fruit, &c, very high on a flower-pot by means of a stick 
as a back-bone; done in the seventh moon for worship 
of the spirits, ka-nhg-chhien, a whole pile of eat- 
ables so arranged. 

cllllicil (R. id.), shallow; simple and easy, as doc- 
trine or instruction. 

chhien-a, a small bamboo wicker dish, chhien- 
poah, a shallow earthen basin, chhien-tsun, a very 
shallow fiat-bottomed boat for shallow streams, chhien- 
tia n , an anchor with only one fluke, chhien-thoa, 
slippers without heels. 

ker-chhien, a small bamboo basket with offerings 
to the dead, in general; (poor men go and eat them). 
pah-ji-chhien, a hundred and twenty of these small 
baskets with offerings; if more numerous they are in the 
same proportion. 

chhien-liong, having but small capacity for drink- 
ing liquor (said by one's self); also, standing too rigor- 
ously on one's rights, chhien-kien, of shallow under- 
standing, chhien-hak, of small scholarship, chhien- 
hien, plain and easy, as a character, or as doctrines or 
purpose; open and exposed, as a house, chhien-poh, 
shallow and thin, iu-chhien jip-chhim, to proceed 
from the easy to the difficult. 

Cllllicil [R. to manifest, to explain], chhien- 
beng (R. ), to comment upon; to explain, as books or 
doctrine, su-su chhien-tsu, a commentary on the 
commentary on the Four Books. 

Cllllicil [R. chien, cash; said in imitation of the 
mandarin sounds and tones, = col. chi"]. it-tiau- 
chhien, one string of cash, ang hien, te-tsii liau- 
chhien (C), when the idol is powerful, his votaries 
have to spend money. 

dlilict (R. id.), to cut, to slice in pieces; urgent. 
chhiet-chhiet, earnestly ; urgently, chhiet-iau, 
important, khun-chhiet, earnest, urgent, pek- 
chhiet, id. chhiet put-kho, certainly it will not 
do at all. sim kien, i chhiet, purpose of heart de- 

khak-chhiet, true and important, as proof, chhiet- 
sit, sincere, safe, very honest, as person or words; quite 
correct and as it should be, according to pattern or pro- 

chhiet-ml n , to cut dough into long strings, to be 
cooked, ka-ge chhiet-chhi, to gnash the teeth. 

u-koan-chhiet, important in relation to some 
matter or thing; to count of importance so as to give 
diligence to it. put-chi koan-chhiet, very impor- 
tant, bo-koan-chhiet, not important to, or not 
concerning us. koan-chhiet ti-hit-hang, specially 
important as having relation to that matter, tioh 
khah-koan-chhiet, you should count it of more im- 

Cllllict) sound of going slip-shod, with shoes that 
are too loose, chhiet-chhiet-hau, id. 

Cllllill, to bend down; to stoop, bih-chhih, keep- 
ing out of the way, as afraid to meet people, si-koe- 
chhih, wherever he goes he falls asleep; said of a child, 
he kiah-khah-chhih, hold the torch more down, to 
make it burn better. 









chhih-thau, having its head pressed down, as a 
boat with men sitting on the bow. 
chhih-nau n , keeping one's head bent down, thau- 
khak chhih-chhih, id. 

Cllhitl — lau-jiet chhih-chhih, very crowded 
(with persons), bo-eng chhih-chhih, very busy; 
having no leisure, chit-jit bo-eng chhih-chhih, 
no leisure all day. bo-eng chhih-chhih; chien- 
chim chha-chhih, e-koe sah-pih, so busy cook- 
ing that I have no leisure, said figuratively. 

Cllllill — ok chhih-chhih, very overbearing or 

Cllllill — chhih-chhiauh, mischievous; behav- 
ing in a disorderly way, as children or women, chhih- 
chhih-kun, swaying back and forwards, as a crowd. 
chhih-chhih-kiig(T.),id. chhih-chhih chheng- 
chheng (C), playing about, as an idle boy. 

Cllllill ( = sih). chhih-chhoah (esp. Cn.), light- 
ning flashing. 

I'll hi Si ( = chhih"). chhih-chhih-thi, to sob. 
chhih-chhih -hau, to sob; to make a hissing sound, 
as a vessel sailing rapidly. 

Cllllill — chhih-chhih-hau, to talk on in a 
low displeased tone, chhih- chhih-kio, to talk on in 
a low displeased tone. 

Cllllill — lok-chhih-chhih, very wet, as roads. 
tam-chhih-chhih, all wet, as with dew. 

Cllllill (R. chiet), the spotted crab or craw-fish. 
chhih-jin, eggs or roe in it. chhih-ko, soft meat 
in the male, chhih-hoe, cluster of its spawn on out- 
side, hoe-kha-chhih, a large speckled sort, ti- 
bu-chhih, a sort ( = h&i-ka-to) with two very large 
long claws, and the rest very small and short. 

pun-chhih-kha (lit. to divide a crab's leg); to in- 
sist on the division of a small thing that might well be 
left undivided; to make two bites of a cherry. 

Cllllill (=jih), to crush; to press with the hand, 
chhih-pi", to crush flat, kiong-kiong-chhih, to 
force a man by strong pressure to do something against 
his will, at-chhih, id. ; also, to prevail on the under- 
lings of a yamun (by strong influence) not to issue a 
warrant that has been ordered. 

lai chhih--16h-khi tsoe-bu, compound interest 

lok-chhih lok-chhih, having a terribly broken- 
down look, as an opium-smoker. 

Cllllilr ( = chhih). chhih n -chhih"-thi, weeping 
and sobbing bitterly. cbhih n -chhih"-ki6, making 
a hissing sound, as vessel sailing fast. 

Cllllim, deep, chhim-bo-toe, bottomless, chhim 
long-long, very deep. chhim-e\ deeply concave, as 
a bowl, chhim-khin, deep and shallow; depth in 
general (v. khin). iu-chhien jip-chhim, proceed- 
ing from the easy to the difficult. 

chiah chhim-tsui, to meddle with other people's 
matters so as to get money out of them, though he has 
really nothing to do with them, khia chhim-tsui, 
pleased to see our enemies quarrelling with each other, 
or doing something wicked that will bring trouble on 
themselves, loh-chhim, to get into deep water, as 
vessel, chhim-tin, to venture into great danger, esp. 
run great risk in a venture in trade. 

chhim-chi n , the open court in centre of a house 
(v. chi n ). chhim-kui-lu, a virgin. chhim-soa n , 
far among the mountains. chhim-khi n , a deep abyss 
or chasm (v. khi n ). chhim-chhan, deep wet miry 

fields, chhim-bak, deep-set eyes, chhim bak- 
u, id. 

ki"-chhim, late in the night, ni" chhim, near the 
year's end. ni n -ku geh-chhim, for a very long time, 
e.g. ten or twenty years, or for one's lifetime. 

chhim-tim, very profound ; very cautious or schem- 
ing (v. tim). chhim-siu", to think deeply, chhim- 
sin, to believe firmly, ji-bak put-chi-chhirn, well 
acquainted with books; learned, chhim-ti ki-siong, 
intimately acquainted with the matter, e.g. some busi- 
ness, or a man's character and history. 

Cllllilll [R. chhim, to sleep], chhim -i hok- 
kun, dress and hood for a corpse. 

Cllllilll (R. id.), to embezzle; to encroach upon or 
take unjust possession; to spend one's own reserved 
earnings; to get into debt; to retain too long a balance 
due to another; to use secretly or in advance the money 
of employer or partners, but not necessarily dis- 

chhim-chiam, to take unjustly, as land (v. chiam). 
chhim toe-ki, to take another's ground unjustly, to 
build on. chhim-hoan--ti6h, to offend, as a person; 
to encroach on, as land or territory. 

chhim-eng, to embezzle; expenses beyond income, 
chhim - thoeh, to embezzle, chhim - chhu, id. 
chhim-chhi (C), id. chhim-kher, to embezzle from 
the national treasury, chhim-bo-tin, to have em- 
bezzled so much that he cannot give a plausible account 
of the whole, chhim- -loh-khi, to get deep in debt. 
chhim-khiam, to be in debt by having got large 
advances, or having used employer's money or goods. 
chhim - khiam tsde - i - khi, absconded for debt. 
chhim-tham--khi, to spend all one's reserved money; 
to get deep in debt. 

Cllllilll [R. sim, to search], chhim-chhioh, to 
draw out information gradually (v. chhiih). 

Cllllilll (cf. ehham, kharn), sound of cymbals clash- 
ing, toa-chhim-ke - , large cymbals and drums, chit- 
hu toa-chhim-ke - , large cymbals and gongs with two 
sorts of drums, chhim-tih-chha", sound of several 
sorts of instruments (v. chhii"). 

Cllllilll ( = chhiam). bak-sai chhim-chhim- 
lau, tears flowing abundantly. 

Cllllilll (R. id.) un-a-chhim, to walk slowly, as 
man unable to go quick, chhim-khoa", to feel one's 
way slowly with the feet, as in the dark, or when fording 
a river, chhim-kha-kia", to walk slowly with short 
steps, as in descending a steep hill, or when lame. 

cllhilll [R. to sleep], hoe-chhim bong-chhan 
(R.), to neglect food and sleep, as with great sorrow. 

chllilll, just having — . chhim -chhim, id. 
chhim-kau, having just arrived, chhim-khi, having 
just gone. chhim-ni n , just about the end of the year, 
ni" chhim, id. 

chhim - chiah - lai, just come, chhim-chiah- 
kong, liam-pi" boe-ki--tit, I have just told you, 
and you have forgotten, thi" chiah-chhim-kng, 
just at first dawn, jit chiah-chhim-am, just getting 
dark, jit chhim-chhim-am, id. chhim-chhim- 
a-kau, just exactly enough; just arrived, chhim- 
chhim-a khi, has just left. 

Cllllill ( = sin), (C. chhan, T. sicn). chhin-chhau, 
a plant from which a cooling coagulated jelly is made, 
called chhin-chhau-tang. 

Cllllill [R. jin, a man], kong-chhin, a sort of 
arbiter who tries to get the parties to agree, but without 







Clllllll (T.), = A. chhien. chhin-chhiu, a swing. 

ClllliU — chhin-chhi", pretty (v. chhi"). 

Cllllin [R. sin, new], chhin - clihi, a sort of 
cream-coloured silk, of medium thickness, but good and 
strong, chhin-chhi tflg-sa", a long dress made 
of it. 

<*ll li ill (R. id.), related; a relative; (near); affec- 
tionate or intimate; self; one's own; (used in many 
phrases about marriage). 

chhin-chhiu", alike, similar, same kind as if (v. 

chhin-teng, confidential attendant of a mandarin, 
gen. from his own home, chhin - teng (C. ), = A. 
chheng-teng, a sort of supercargo or purser in a vessel, 
si-chhin, the near relative of a man found dead under 
suspicions circumstances, to whom explanation or repa- 
ration must be made. 

chhin-kun, to approach (a person) in order to have 
intercourse, chhin-bit, closely united, as in friend- 
ship, chhin kau-jip-kut, very affectionate, as friends. 
chhin-jiet, warm in friendship, chhin-he\ very 
friendly; associating very intimately, chhin-her-he - , 
id. ki" - tioh - lang chhin - he - her, id. chhin - 
tauh-tauh, id. 

chhin-peng, relations and friends, chhin-peng 
ker-iu, id. chhin-soe, relatives and strangers, poe- 
chhin hg-ser, to leave relatives and go to strangers, 
poe-chhin hidng-se - , id. pe-chhau chhe-chhin, 
good at finding out relatives at a distance (as if in grass). 
toan-li, put-toan-chhin, to judge justly, not ac- 
cording to the influence of relatives. 

chhin-sin, one's self, chhin-bak-khoa 11 , to see 
with one's own eyes, chhin-chhiu, with one's own 
hand, chhin-pit-chek, own hand-writing, goa- 
chhin-khi, I myself will go. chhin-lim, to go in 
person, as a mandarin to arrest criminals, chhin- 
thio. to choose in person, as things or men (v. thi&). 

liok-chhin, the six relationships: all the near rela- 
tions, including sisters and the nearest connections by 
marriage of other surnames, chhin-phai, closely re- 
lated, as ancestors for four or five generations and their 
descendants of the same surname only, kai-chhin, a 
relative; relations, tsok-chhin, a very distant rela- 
tive of the same surname, chhin-chhek, relations 
(v. chhek). chhin-lang, relations by the male line, 
chhin -tong, cousins and other relatives of same sur- 
name (v. tong). chhin-chia", connections by mar- 
riage (v. chia"). be^-thau-chhin, wife's relations. 
ien-chhin, connections by marriage, piau-chhin, 
relations by the mother's side, u-chhin, to be related. 
bo-chhin, no relation, si-bak bo-chhin, having 
no relations. 

koa n -chhin, mandarin's relations, chhin-koan, 
wife and near connections of a mandarin, chhin-ong, 
a near relative of the emperor; a near prince of the 
blood, but not a son. kiong-chhin-ong, Prince 
Kung. hiong-chhin, a fellow-villager. 

chhin — e, a real relative of same surname (not adop- 
tive), and of the nearest form that the phrase alluded to 
will allow, e.g. a real brother, cousin-german, uncle, 
&c., and not any of the more distant relations called by 
the same name. chhin-hia"-ti, brothers by the same 
father, chhin - ker, father's sister. chhin - peh, 
father's elder brother, chhin-chek, father's younger 
brother. chhin-si"-kia", one's own real son. chhin- 
hiet-bek, one's own real sons or posterity, chhin- 
kut-hek. said of son or brother by birth, not by adop- 
tion, ma-chhin, grandmother, bu-chhin, mother. 

chhin-bu, id. hu-chhin, real father, chhin-pe, id. 
song-chhin, father and mother, thien-te, kun 
chhin su, in the whole universe the most important 
relations are sovereign, parent, and teacher, thien- 
ha, kun chhin su, do. (in the whole world). 

kiu-chhin, to be looking out for a wife for one's 
son, &e. tui-chhin, to settle a contract of betrothal 
for one's daughter, phoe-chhin, to settle the contract 
of betrothal, teng-chhin, id. pheng- chhin, id. 
tsoe-chhin, do.; also, to have affinity, as the parents 
of the couple, kiet-chhin, to contract affinity, as the 
relations of the couple, seng-chhin, to complete the 
nuptial relation by intercourse, hoe-chhin, to break 
off a match after betrothal, the-chhin (esp. C. ), id. 
ji-hun-chhin, second marriage of a woman. 

chhin-ke, the fathers of bride and bridegroom in 
relation to each other; said also of any near relations of 
the couple, tsoe-chhin-ke, to fix a contract of mar- 
riage between each other's children, chhin-ke-mhg, 
near connections by marriage. chhin - ke - chek, 
younger brother of "chhin-ke." chhin-ke-peh, his 
elder brother, chhin-ke tui-mng, le-se" goan- 
ts.-ii. though next-door neighbours and having the 
closest affinity, yet proper ceremonies should be observed. 
tui-thau chhin-ke, the fathers of the couple, when 
there was previously a connection of affinity between the 
two families, chhin thah-chhin, parties marrying 
from families already connected by affinity. 

chhin-geng, the bridegroom going to the bride's 
house to escort her to his house, sang-chhin, the 
bride's elder brother accompanying her to the bride- 
groom's house, hoe-chhin, son-in-law invited by 
mother-in-law soon after marriage. 

Clllllll — chhin-chhiau, mischievous, as a child. 

Clllllll (R. chheng), a steelyard; to weigh by a steel- 
yard; a sort of lever. 

chhin-a, a steelyard, e-chhin, the movable arm 
of a well-sweep (v. «). toe-chhin, a very strong lever 
for raising heavy weights, chhien-kun-chhin (lit. 
lever for a thousand catties) an arrangement of several 
levers for raising great weights. 

chhin-mia", to calculate the weight of a man's good 
or bad fortune, as fortune-tellers do. chhin-tang, to 
weigh by steelyard, chhin — khi-lai, to prise up a 
heavy thing by a strong lever. 

chhin-thui, the weight of a steelyard, chhin- 
liau, the cord of a steelyard, chhin-kau, its hook. 
chhin-koai", beam of steelyard, chhin-koa" (C. ), 
id. chhin-hoe, the white dividing points on the beam. 

kau-chhin, a steelyard that makes things appear a 
little lighter than they are. tang-ehhin, a fraudulent 
steelyard making things seem much lighter than they 
really are. khin-chhin, a fraudulent steelyard mak- 
ing things much heavier than the reality, mfig-khau- 
chhin, sort of steelyard used by pedlars (also in houses), 
two ounces heavier than the usual steelyard, kun-ji- 
chhin, id.; according to the "pah-lak-to." tau- 
chhin kong-pi n , measures and weights just, chiok- 
chhin, just correct in weight. 

teng-chhin, to mark the divisions on the beam of 
a steelyard, kah-chhin, to test a steelyard by com- 
paring it with another, sih-chhin-thau, to lose in 
trade by customers always demanding rather over-weight. 
tah-chhin-thau, to give good weight, so that the 
beam turns, chhin-khah-khi, id. chhin u-khi- 
si, just having turned the beam. 

Clllllll — chhin-chhai, anyhow; of no conse- 
quence; just as you please, all the same, carelessly; well, 






that may do. chhin-chhai-lang, any person, chhin- 
chhai s&-tsai, any place. 

Cilllill, cold. koa n -chhin, very cold; unpleasantly 
cold, as weather, chhin -piang-piang, very cold, 
e.g. as cold tea. chhin-sng-sng, ice-cold, chhin- 
pi-pi, very cold, chhin-thih-thih, id. chhin- 
tih-tih, id. chhin-tsui, cold water. 

ehhin-sim, having lost heart about a matter, chhin- 
chhio, a sarcastic smile (v. chhi6). chhin-bin, a 
sullen countenance. chhi n -chhin, feeling of shivering 
fear, as passing graves or a lonely mountain in a dark 
night; desolate, chill, and lonely feeling, as in a large 
house with almost no one in it. chhi"-thau chhin- 
bin, putting on an angry look at first sight, as when 
going to scold. chhi"-ehhin-hong, a raw, cold, 
piercing wind, making one shiver. 

phah-chhin, to get a cold or ague. chhin-m&h n - 
nah n , a slight red eruption (v. nah"). 

chhiu-chhin, pleasantly cool, as weather, wind, or 
place, sim-lai chhiu-chhin, highly pleased, as at 
good news or at constant good-fortune, tii — tioh i 
teh-bo-chhiu-chhin, to fall on a time when he is 
out of temper, and so at once gets angry with us. tu- 
tioh-i bo-chhiu-chhin e-si, id. 

C'lllliO, having a sharp edge for a point, as how of 
Chinese boat, or pointed end of the up-turned ridge of 
a roof, bio-chhio, tapering, as the bow of a light 
boat, or end of a bamboo pole, chhio-chit, ridge of 
roof turned upwards and pointed. 

chhui chhio, always quarrelling with one's mouth. 

chhio-tio, active and lively, as child; strong, and 
active, and lively (often to excess), as a young man; 
active and lively, as beasts or birds. 

chhio-gio (C), (vulg.), impudent and swaggering 
(perhaps belongs to next word). 

ClllliO, having the sexual feeling (of the male); 
strong; lustful. koa n -chhio, burning with lustful 
passion, as the male when excited, khi-chhio, the 
male sexual feeling excited, chhio-koe, a cock fowl 
(entire, as opposed to a capon); its flesh is supposed to 
^ excite lustful feelings. 
)£jj* Cllllid [R. giau, = col. gi6, a cockle], ka-chhio, 

' U_i a small edible shell-fish, 
^/-r Clllllfr (R. siau), to laugh; to smile; to laugh at; 

jjC. light-coloured, esp. of blue; the lettered side of a cash, 
/^^ when turned up; turned with the concave side up, when 
that is the reverse of the usual position, as the palm 
turned up, or as an inverted lid. 

chhio-sek, light-coloured, esp. of blue, sek put- 
chi-chhio, the colour is very light. chhio-chhi 11 , 
light indigo blue, as blue cotton that has been worn 
long and often washed, chhio-ang, light red. 

chhio-ta", a pleased, cheerful, or smiling look, as 
the usual expression of countenance, chhio-iong, id. 
chhio-bin, id. ti n -chhio-bin,falsely put on a pleased 
look. chhio-bin-her (a smiling tiger), pretending 
friendship while plotting grievous injury. chhio - 
thau chhio-bin, usual pleased cheerful look, chhio- 
sin, id. chhio-chhi, pleasant smiling countenance, 
in holding intercourse with people. 

ho -chhio, laughable. kho- chhio, id. pio- 
chhio, to joke, laugh, or jest, or take undue liberties. 
kun-chhio, to jest, to make fun. kong-chhio-6e, 
to jest. soat-chhio, jesting, he — lang seh- 
chhio, to be a laughing-stock, because of some disgrace- 
ful action, lang-i-chhio, to sport with him and 
make him laugh, thi-chhio, to laugh at, to make 

ashamed, leng-chhio, scornful sarcastic smile, chhin- 
chhio, id. ti"-chhin-chhio, to smile sarcastically. 
khien-ehhio (Cn.), to put on a smiling look while 
really hating. 

chhio-ba-ba. to smile pleasantly, chhio-bi-bi, 
id. bi-bi-chhio, id. ba-bun-chhio, to smile, 
chhio-bun-bun, id. chhio-bun-bun. id. bi-bi- 
a-chhio, id. chhio-ha-ha, loud laughing, chhio- 
khah - khah, id. chhio-lih-lih, to laugh with the 
mouth wide open, chhio kau-si — khi, to laugh 
constantly and immoderately. 6e- chhio, chhio 
kau-boe-chhio, to laugh (till one can laugh no more) 
immoderately, chhio-bi-si, to smile, as on hearing 
something, esp. when we don't wish to give any opinion 
of what was said, or when we did not understand it. 
chit-jit chhio-bi-si, said of a man who lets nothing 
trouble him. rh-tsai-thau rh-tsai-be, chhio-bi- 
si, smiling, but not understanding the matter at all. 
bat-sat chhio-chhiu-gui, the bed-bug laughs at 
the tree-bug; pot laughing at kettle. 

ho chhio -tsau (Cn.), the fire blazing up very 
brightly in the cooking-place, an omen of guests coming. 

than-chhio, lying with face up, or inverted with 
concave side up. to-khioh-chhio, to lie on one's 
back with face up. peng-chhio, to invert so as to 
have the concave side up, when naturally it is down, as 
a cover or lid inverted, peng-khioh-chhio, id., 
also to lie with one's face up when lying down or re- 
clining, chhio-chhiu, holding the hand with the 
palm upwards, sai-chhio-chhiu, to turn the palm 
up. chhio-tso, the long furrows of a tiled roof. 

sai-khui-chhio, to sail a boat with two masts with 
the sails set on the opposite sides of the respective masts, 
as with wind right astern, khui-chhio, the sails 
arranged so; also, to take off the hand (in odds and 
evens) and show the cash with its face up. liong- 
phak khui-chhio, to try to keep about half-way or 
neutral between two parties or opinions, as arbiter, or 
as in giving an opinion, or in action, or by keeping our 
purpose and opinion secret; an affair still unsettled, 
and uncertain how it may go. siang-phak khui- 
chhio, id. phak-chhio, odds and evens; tossing 
cash ; sort of gambling, khap - chhio, id. teh 
phak-chhio, to cover a cash and let it be guessed odds 
or evens, lien-phak-chhio, to twirl a cash and 
guess odds or evens, sang-chhio, both evens, as in 
tossing cash (v. sang), chhio-poe, the throw of the 
divining blocks, when each has the flat side up. 

CllhiO [R. chiau, to shine, = col. chio], to illu- AZL 
minate; to make light shine on some thing or place. V V^< 

chhio-kng, id. chhio-chhat, to take a light and 
look for a thief (v. chhat). chhio-chhi, to light a 
lamp near a corpse. chhio chhan-le (T. Cn.), to 
catch snails by torch-light. 

Chili©" 1 , in all the tones (P.), = A. chhiu". 

Cllhioh (R. sek), to bite venomously, to sting, as 
insects, chhioh-pui-a-thang (C), a sort of cater- 

C'hhioh, to damp slightly. chhioh-tam, id. 
chhioh-tsui, id. 

Cllllioh — chi n -chhioh, young, as person. 
chhi n -chhioh, fresh and nice-looking, as fresh flowers 
or new cloth. 

Cllllioh (R. chhek), a Chinese foot, generally a rt 
very little shorter than the English foot; a measuring /C 
rule. 7 ^~ 

khut-chhioh, a carpenter's square (v. khut). ko- 





chhioh, a wooden measuring rod (gen. ten feet long) 
used by carpenters for houses or junks, pa.i-chh.ioh, 
a pendulum, keh-chhioh, a ruler (not round) for 
ruling lines, ah-chhioh, a straight edge for ruling 
lines or cutting paper even. thi"-chhioh, a quadrant 
or sextant. 

le^-pan-chhioh, the common foot, used by masons 
and carpenters; ten feet want about two inches of ten 
English feet, chhai-chhioh, the foot used by tailors, 
considerably longer than the ler-pan -chhioh. 

u-chhioh-thau, to have a little more than the 
strict measure. niu"-chhioh, to measure by a foot- 
rule, chhun-chhioh, feet and inches (v. chhun). 
chhioh-it, one foot and one-tenth, i.e. one foot one 
inch, Chinese, chhioh-ji, one foot two (Chinese), one 
foot and a fifth. 

koh-chit-chhioh e-jit, in a very short time (lit. 
the shadow cast by the sun travelling one foot). 

Cllllioh (cf. chioh, chiah). kha-chhioh-toe, 
the sole of the foot, kha-chhioh khah-tng, (his) 
foot is very long. 

Cllllioh (R. chhiok), the pancreas or sweet-bread 
of a pig; in other animals it is called "lh." ti-chhioh, 
id., only of pig. 

Chhioh, to peck, as duck or goose. 

Cllllioh — chhim-chhioh, to get information 
gradually out of people, especially avoiding anything 
that would raise suspicion of the object. 

Cllllioh (R sek), a mat. bih-chhioh, a bamboo 
mat. tin-chhioh, a rattan mat. ka-bun-chhioh, 
a fine reed mat, imported from the Straits, kiam- 
chhau- chhioh, a mat made (local) from reeds that 
grow in salt or half-salt water, much inferior, teng- 
sim-chhioh, mats (imported) made from fresh-water 
reeds. chia"-tsui-chhioh (C. ), id. chhioh-chhau, 
reeds for making mats, chhau-chhioh-pau, a coarse 
grass mat bag. 

phah-chhioh, to make mats, chhu-chhioh, to 
spread a mat. chhioh-16-tia, said contemptuously 
of a petty military officer, as hau-iong, &c. 

Chhioh (C), = A. chhi6k, slushy, as road. 

clllliok (R. id.) hi-chhiok, the magpie, counted 
a bird of good omen. 

Chlliok [R. id., -col. chhek, a small bird], (C. 
chhiok, chhiak). khong-chhiok, the peacock, khong- 
chhiok-be, peacock's tail, tsu-chhiok, one of the 
four spirits of the four quarters, kim-chhiok-hoe, 
a beautiful yellow flower (genista!) 

Chlliok [R. to lay hold of]. p§--hong chhiok- 
eng, to take up and spread baseless stories (lit. wind and 
shadows), chhiok-na" (R.), to arrest, as a criminal. 

Chlliok [R. superabundant, leisurely], chhiok- 
ho, a nickname or familiar name, given from personal 

Clllliok [R. to gore, to oppose, to come suddenly 
against, = col. chhek, chhok, tak]. 

chhiok-hoan, to come unintentionally on a person, 
in an ill-omened way, or so as to offend him. chhiok — 
tioh. id. chhiok— tioh i— e siu-khi, uninten- 
tionally provoke a man's anger, chhiok lang-e- 
toan, to talk openly about a man's faults, chhiok 
lang-e-phai n , id. 

chhiok-khoa 11 , to examine at random, or "ad aper- 
turam," the other having no warning what is to be 
asked or examined, tiau-ti beh-lai chhiok--i, to 
go specially, in order to catch a man in the act of which 



we suspect him, e.g. opium-smoking, chhiok-keng 
(Cn.), = A. chhok-keng, to try one's luck, as at lots, && 
chhiok-keng seng-cheng, some circumstance re- 
minding us of a beloved friend or place, and calling up 
warm emotions. 

Clllliok [R. id., = col. chhek]. pek-chhiok (R.), 
very urgent. 

Cllhiok (P.), = A. chhek, rice in the husk; rice in 
the ear. 

Chhiok — chhiok-kha-koe (L.), to hop. 

Clllliok (T. jiok, C. chhioh, jiok), slushy, as roads. 
le> chhiok, the road very wet and slushy. 

clllliok (same as above]), chhiok --tioh, to 
spatter by stepping in mud, &c. chhiok hai-the\ 
to dirty one's self by walking on the muddy sea-beach. 
chhiok-tsui, to spatter up water unintentionally in 

Clllliok (P.), = A. chh6k, to shake even, as pencils, 

ChlliOIlg (R. id.), (C. chhiang). chhiong-pe>, 
the acorns or flag (v. p&). 

ChlliOIlg [R. id. by change of tone from "chiong," 
to follow], chhiong-iong, taking things calmly and 
easily; not agitated or bustled (v. i6ng). 

ChlliOIlg' [R. violent], (C. chhiang). chhiong- 
kong, behr.ving very violently, urgently, or absurdly, 
almost as if mad. 

ChhiOIlg [R. to rush against], chhiong-trig, 
to run against unintentionally, chhiong-tong, do. : 
to come against violently, as a flood, chhiong-pong, 
careless hurried manner, so as to spoil things [or is this 
the former word?]. 

chhiong-soa", to run a vessel aground, chhiong- 
oa, id. chhiong-hoan-tioh-kui, to meet with a 

chhiong--chhut-lai, rushing out with great force 
[what word.']. 

chhiong--tioh i— e be-thau (lit. to come before 
his horse's head, i.e. of a mandarin, which causes a 
beating), said of provoking the anger of a powerful 

Clllliong [R. to ascend, as steam ; to infuse]. 
chhiong-te, to infuse tea. 

sa"-chhiong, directly opposed, as purposes or wishes 
of two persons, chhiong-sim hun, to hate a man 
so violently, as to feel enraged whenever he appears. 

chhiong — tioh, to injure the good fortune, as of a 
grave or house, tui-chhiong, directly opposite, so as 
to injure good fortune of house or grave; coming in col- 
lision with the horoscope (v. tui). 

chhiong-thi n , to mount to sky or heaven, as vapour 
or rage, he-kng chhiong-thi n , the bright flames 
mounting to heaven, as at a conflagration. khui 
chhiong-thi n , rage very great and strongly mani- 
fested, le-khi chhiong-thi n , id. le-khi chhiong- 
thien, id. chhiong-thien, to mount to heaven, as 
rage or guilt, &c. phau-hun chhiong-thien (R), 
harbouring very deep enmity in the heart, chhiong- 
thien e-chi-khi, purpose of distinguishing one's self 
greatly, chhiong-thien-koan, a royal crown with 
nine dragons looking up towards heaven. 

ChlliOIlg [R. aprostitute], (C. chhiang). chhiong- 
ki, a prostitute, chhiong-a, do., said in vile scolding. 
chhiong-ba, id. chhiong-piau, to scold a woman 
as one. chhiong-iu le-tsut, four classes whose sons 
cannot become mandarins. 

X A 









ClllliOllg (E. id.), (C. chhiang). bun-chhiong, 

the god of literature; properly, a certain star or its 
spirit, bun-chhiong te-kun, id. bun-chhiong- 
hoe, an assembly of the literati of a place. 

ClllliOllg [E. full, to transport, to confiscate or 
contribute funds], chhiong-seng, very abundant. 
chhiong-chiok, id. chhiong-moa", id. khok- 
chhiong (E.), to develop and increase knowledge. 

chhiong ia"-nge-, to enlist in the army or navy, 
chhiong-kun, to transport to the military frontiers, 
in N. W. 

chhiong-kong, to contribute funds or property to 
some public object, fund, or company. chhiong-koa n , 
to confiscate property; sometimes a disputed property 
is thus voluntarily given up to the imperial exchequer. 
chhiong-loh-koa", id. chhiong loh giok-pin, 
to confiscate on behalf of the Amoy academy, called 

hoa-peng chhiong-ki, to paint a loaf in order to 
stay hunger. 

CllllidUg [E. chiong, to follow; cf. chhiong]. iong- 
chhiong, to indulge (another); too indulgent, not pun- 
ishing faults. 

ClllliOllg [E. to wound, = col. chh6ng]. chhiong- 
chek, to injure one's self by wicked courses. 
ClllliOllg (C), = chheng, the banyan-tree 
Chllidug (C.), = A. chhfing. chhiong-peh, the 

ChlliOllg [E. chhi6ng, to begin], chhiong-su, 
to raise quarrels or feuds ; to breed mischief, tsu- 
chhiong ki-ho, to draw calamities on himself. 

Chhiong [E. to set loose, to indulge], chhidng- 
heng, wicked and violent conduct, hong-chhiong, 
to give loose to one's passions or lusts; unbridled licen- 
tiousness; to allow inferiors to behave wrong without 

chho-chhidng tsu-ju, master of one's own actions, 
as person who manages his own business, not employed 
or ruled by another. 

Chhiong (E. chhiong). jiok-chh i ong-iong, a 
medicinal plant (v. iong). 

ChlliOllg ( = chhiau). soat - chhiong, foolish 
talking and joking. 

ClllliOllg [E. to sing, = col. chhiang, chhiu"], (C. 
chhiang). chhiong-ho (E. ), to sing and respond, as 
in making poetry extempore. 

ClllliOllg [E. to be first], (C. chhiang). chhiong- 
si (E. ), to be the first to speak of a thing; to raise the 
subject, chhiong-siu, id. hu-chhiong hu-sui 
(husband leading and wife following), said of husband 
and wife being harmonious and affectionate. 

ChlliOllg (C), = A. chheng, a gun, a cannon, 
chhiong-a-chi (lit. gun-shot), a low shrub with small 
white flowers and edible berries; root good for inflam- 

ChlliOllg (C), = A. chheng, to spout out, &c. 
chhiong-lau, to add an upper story to a house, or 
make it a little higher. 

ClllliOllg (C), —A. chheng, to wear or put on, as 

Chllip, barnacles, er-chhip, id. tsun-toe si n - 
chhip, boat's bottom getting covered with barnacles. 

Chhi|), incrustations forming in some sortsof vessels, 
te-chhip, incrustations on inside of old tea-pots, jio- 
thang-chhip, incrustation in urine buckets. 

Chili]) — chhip - chhip - a - tsui, a very small 
quantity of water, as in a stream or in cooking. 

dllli]) — thau-chhip, a bow-sprit. 

Cllllip (E. chek). chhip- chhip -kia n (C), to 
walk slowly with short steps. 

Chllip (R. chhek), ( = chhip). giu -chhip, a 
medicinal plant (v. giu). 

Chhip (C. ), = A. chhek, [R. the knee], hoh-chhip, 
= A. hok-sek, ornaments for the knees, hok-chhip, 

Cllhip [E. chhim, (?) to sleep], chhip-an, to lay 
up the papers of a case; case at rest. 

Chhip [E. to join; to pursue; to apprehend], chhip- 
na n (E.), to apprehend secretly, chhip-hui (E.), 
secretly apprehend bad characters, chhip-hong (R.), 
to send messengers secretly to search for and apprehend 
a criminal. 

Cllllip, a net on a bamboo frame worked (with both 
hands) by a man up to the neck in the sea; to catch (aa 
shrimps, &c.) with such a net. oe-chhip, to work 
this sort of net. lu-chhip, id. chhip-he, to catch 
shrimps with it. 

Clihit [R. giet, to eat; cf. mandarin "chih"]. 
mauh"-chhit, to embezzle money, as when intrusted 
with a commission. 

Cllllit, seven, chhit-ji-peng, dollars full weight, 
i.e. 7 mace 2 candareens according to the "kh»-to," = 
7 mace 6 candareens of the "ha-to." 

chhit-chhi", the Pleiades, thiau ehhit-chhi", 
a child's game, making seven circles with a stone in 
each, and hopping about to kick the stones out. chhit- 
niu", the goddess of the Pleiades and of young unmarried 
girls. chhit-niu"-ma, id. chhit-siah, the evening 
of 7.7. chhit-geh, the seventh month, when the 
spirits of the dead in general are let out of Hades, and 
are specially worshipped. chhit-geh-poa n , the 7. 15, 
= tiong-goan, great day for the worship of ancestral 
tablets. chhit-geh-poa n -kui, you hungry ghost ! 
(said to a man too eager for eating), chhit-geh-poa" 
ah-a rh-tsai-si, said of a man acting wickedly in 
spite of impending calamity, chhit-geh koai n -bo- 
liau, you demon, whom they forgot to shut up at 
end of the seventh month! (said in scolding a child). 
chhit-jit chio-bun, to call back the soul of the dead 
seven days after death. 

chhit-li-hiong, a sweet-scented flower (v. hiong). 
sam-chhit, a medicine stewed with food; specially 
given to young persons about coming of age. ther 
sam-chhit, = chhiu n -to-i6h, a thick-leaved medicinal 

chhit-po-tang, very fine sort of copper or brass. 
phah chhit-hiang, to play on a musical instrument 
made with five pieces of metal like saucers, chhit- 
khiau, the seven openings in the heart causing intelli- 
gence (v. khiau). jin-seng u-se, chhit-sip ke- 
lai-hi, from of old, few people reach the age of seventy. 
put-tap put-chhit, full of blunders and unfit for 
use, as a document, chhit-ther poeh-th^r, very rude 
and vulgar, chhit-chiah poeh-chiah, eating vora- 
ciously, chhit-khai poeh-khai, lavish expense, 
chhit-oai poeh-tsoai, all wrong together, chhit- 
soah poeh-pai, everything going wrong (v. soah). 
chhit-chhiu poeh-kioh, touching persons or things 
in a too familiar way (v. kioh). 

Cllllit (E. sek; C. (E.), sit), to wipe, chhit-ta, 
to wipe dry. chhit-chhat, to varnish. 






Cllllit (C.),=A. fchit. chhit-tho, to play (often 
with a bad meaning). 

Cilllill [R thiu, to draw out], phah-chhiu- 
hong. to ask money, &c, from friends for one*s self, 
separately from others. 

cilllill (R. id.), autumn. chhiu-thi n , id. tiong- 
chhiu, the 8. 15 of lunar year (specially sacred to thw-ti- 
kong). jip-chhiu, the first day of autumn by solar 
year, August 7th or 8th. lip-chhiu, id. chhiu- 
hun, the autumnal equinox., cool (v. chhin). chhiu-liang, cool 
autumn weather, chhiu-au-joah, warm weather in 
autumn after a break of cool weather. 

chhun-chhiu, one of the five classics; history by 
Confucius of part of the Chow dynasty, chhun-chhiu 
tso-toan, the commentary on it. 

chhiu-bo. a light cap for autumn or summer, 
chhiu-a-beh, stockings of thin material, often short. 
chhiu-gan, a sea-bird that comes in autumn, chhiu- 
ui ( li. ), the examination for the Kujin degree, chhiu - 
kio (C.)i great tides in autumn, it-jit put-kien, 
ju. sam-chhiu. one day without seeing (him) is like 
three years. 

Cilllill (R. id.) chhien-chhiu, a swing(v. chhien). 

Cilllill — liu-chhiu, chiah bak-chiu, a man 
ought to be able to understand at a glance what he 
should do, as to be firm or to yield, to escape or remain, 
to ask much or little, to be quick or slow; because it is 
to his eyes that he must trust to get on in life, ta-pe- 
kia", liu-chhiu, chiah bak-chiu, id. 

Cilllill (T. liu), to rub or tickle another's cheek 
with the point of the finger, esp. done to children; if to 
a man, it is very contemptuous and insulting, ui- 
lang-chhiu, afraid to have his cheeks tickled, as child. 
kia"-lang-chhiu, id. 

cilllill (li. su), beard, moustaches, whiskers, an- 
tennae; tendrils, tassels, fringe, &c. ; weeds on a boat's 

lau-chhiu, to grow a beard, &c. chhang-chhiu, 
moustaches on end with rage. 

chhui-chhiu, beard and whiskers, or part of them, 
chhui-chhiu-thau, stumps of beard, e-tau-chhiu, 
beard, as distinguished from whiskers, li - phiet - 
chhiu, moustaches. ni"-phiet-chhiu, id. nhg- 
phoat-chhiu, id. teng-tun-chhiu (C), id. pin- 
chhiu. whiskers when hanging down long and straight 
separate from beard. h&-chhiu, beard and whiskers 
all thick and in one. nger-per-chhiu, whiskers, mous- 
taches, and beard, all quite distinct, as on images of 

ki-chhiu, hairs growing from a mole. 

peh-chhiu--e, having a white beard, peh-chhiu- 
po, a storm on the birthday of ther-tl-kong (who has a 
white beard) in eighth moon, peh-chhiu-kong, a 
sort of white shrimp. 

jit-chhiu, rays from the sun. 

si-chhiu, silk fringes or tassels, bang-ta-chhiu, 
fringes of mosquito-curtains. tiu"-chhiu, fringes of 
curtains, hau-pau-chhiu, tassels at the clasp of a 
sort of purse. 

tsoa-chhiu, a snake's forked tongue, leng-chhiu, 
a dragon's beard, leng-chhiu-chhau, a medicinal 
plant, lau-leng-chhiu, to let one's beard, whiskers, 
&c, grow in a year of which the dragon is the presiding 
animal in the cycle of twelve, he-chhiu, the beard of 
a shrimp or prawn, he-chhiu-a-soa", a sort of fine 
twine, good for very small parcels. 

gia-kang-chhiu (centipede's whiskers), a defence 
put on junks to keep off pirates. iu."-kang-chhiu. a 
goat's beard, tioh iu"-kang-chhiu, to have a sort 
of eruption on the chin, as children; sometimes also on 
the upper lip. tioh iu."-kong-chhiu, id. 

he - -chhiu, a tiger's whiskers, puih-her-chhiu. a 
game of chance, liu-her-chhiu, to draw lots to de- 
termine which man is to pay for some common expense, 
e.g. a feast. 

chheng-chhiu, abortive pendulous roots of the ban 
van. chheng-h§-chhiu, the sharp leaves of the fir- 
tree (used as fuel), hoe-chhiu, stamens ami pistils of 
flowers, chhai-koe-chhiu, tendrils of cucumbers, 
khiu, kah na" chhai-koe-chhiu, as crooked as a 
cucumber tendril; very crooked in dealings, tit, kau 
na" chhai-koe-chhiu, do. (lit. as straight, &c.) 
ironically, tit, na" chhai-koe-chhiu--nih". id. 

cilllill — tsui-chhiu, spray. he-a-chhiu, 
small rain. 

Cilllill, a troop or detachment of troops, esp. as 
sent off from the army in battle for some special service, 
chit-chhiu-peng, a troop of soldiers, gen. a few tens 
or hundreds, toa-chhiu, a large troop, soe-chhiu, 
a small troop. 

cilllill [R sorrowful], siau- chhiu. kai-bun 
(R. ), to dispel sadness and melancholy. 

Cilllill [R. chift, to grasp firmly], to pull toward 
us, as a rope; to haul in, esp. with alternate hands; to 
unwind, as a thread; to use a clue to find out more. 

chhiu-soh, to haul in a rope, chhiu-soa", to 
unwind a thread, pulling it towards us. chhiu-tia", 
to haul in the anchor, chhiu-tio, to haul in a fishing 

chhiu kun-goan, to investigate carefully (having 
got, the clue) so as to find the real root and origin of the 
matter, ban-ban chhiu--chhut-lai, to draw out 
gradually, as a secret, ban-koe chhiu-tin, to get 
at the truth step by step, often by round-about way (v. 

Cilllill [R. chhu, to take]; (T. chhiu"), to redeem 
from pawn or mortgage; esp. Cn. , = A. th6. 

chhiu khan-thau, to redeem an article that is 
pawned, chhiu-sa", to get a coat out of pawn, &c. 
chhiu-chhan, to redeem fields, chhiu-chhu, to 
redeem a house. 

chhiu cheng-sin (Cn.), = A. chhiu" cheng-sin, 
idolatrous rites for bringing back good health. 

cilllill [R siii, the head]; classifier of odes or 
hymns. chit-chhiu-si, one hymn or ode. te-it- 
chhiu, first hymn. 

chhiu-bu-nhg, a fowl's first egg (v. nng). 

chhiu-sek, ornaments for women's hair and head. 

Cilllill (R. siii), the hand; thearm;(an assistant, &c.) 

chhe-chhiu, bridle reins. chiu"-chhiu, that half 
of a Chinese oar which has the handle, bong-chhiii, 
the outer rim of a grave, like two arms, bo-a-chhiu, 
the projection on the rim of the upper mill-stone into 
which the driving-hook fits. 

thau-chhiu, a head-workman; the head man of 
several workmen at one work, ji-chhiu, an assistant. 
chhiu"-chhiu, a man who composes essays for students, 
pang-chhiu, to assist; an assistant (v. pang), hu- 
chhiu, an assistant, tsan i--e au-chhiu, to help 
him to do what he could not well have done alone (v. 
au). chhiu-e, persons under our authority, as ser- 
vants, dependants, assistants, children, &c, esp. assist- 
ants, e-chhiu, id. 







be-chhiu, the end, afterwards; at last, chiu' 1 - 
chhiu, the previous one, as a deed, &c. teng-chhiu, 
done by a former hand, begun by another person, said 
specially of the deed by which the seller shows his own 
right to the property which he sells, teng-chhiu e- 
khde, the title-deed by which the seller got the pro- 
perty, teng-chhiu e-lang, the former possessor of 
a property; the former holder of an office, &c. 

tui-chhiu, able to be his match, as enemy; a fellow- 
labourer (v. tui). tsoe-chhiu, counterfeit, kang- 
hu 6h-chiu n -chhiu, to have learned a trade well, 
hun chit-chhiii, slack the rope a little. 

nhg-chhiu, compliant, as in a dispute; inclined to 
come to terms. ngi"-chhiu, will not yield at all; 
determined to keep up the quarrel, sat-chhiu, fond 
of fighting, as soldier; not afraid to act in a dangerous 
matter; venturing to treat a disease in a way that will 
kill or cure, sek-chhiu, a skilful hand, tun-to 
chhut lai-chhiu, a blunt knife makes a skilful hand, 
soe-chhiu, unsuccessful at play, ong-chhiu, suc- 
cessful in gambling, ho-chhiu, having a good hand, 
at cards, khang-chhiu, nothing in the hand; having 
nothing. toa- chhiu -bin, liberal; not niggardly; 
open-handed. khah - khoa" - chhiu, using money 
freely, hien-chhiu, very liberal; very free in the use 
of money, tsau-chhiu, hastily; without much care 
(v. ts&u). khah-khin-chhiu, not using much force 
with hand (v. khin). tang-chhiu, using the hand 
heavily, tang-chhiu, to begin fighting or quarrelling 
(v. tang "to move"), seng chhut-chhiu, to be the 
first to use violence, as in striking or plundering, so as 
to begin a quarrel, khi-chhiu, to begin a work or 
quarrel (v. khi). loh-chhiu, at the first putting hand 
to work, khah-loh-chhiu, somewhat better able to 
do it now (v. lull), he-chhiu, to use violence, as in 
striking or fighting, he-tak-chhiu, to deal heavy 
murderous blows, as in violent attack or murder; to 
make very violent false accusation before mandarins. 
he-tok-chhiii; id. (v. tok). sit-chhiu, to make a 
slip with the hand so as to do injury (v. sit), chho- 
chhiu, to kill by mistake when only meaning to beat. 
theng-chhiu, to pause in working or writing, sun- 
chhiu, taking the opportunity when doing something. 
than-chhiu, id. ; also, all going well, te-chhiu, 
immediately (v. te "to follow"), toa-chhiu, to bring 
or take away in the hand (v. toa). sui-chhiu, to take 
in one's hand at once (v. stii "to follow "). sui-chhiu, 
to let the hands hang down by the sides; to set down a 
sedan (v. sui, "to hang down"), sok-chhiu, to fold 
the hands on the breast, in the sleeves or under the 
other arms (v. sok). tiau-chhiu, to let the hand 
move easily, as in writing large characters, chhun- 
chhiu, to stretch out the hand, chhng-chhiu, id. 
chhun-tng-chhiu (to stretch out a long arm), said 
of a beggar, or man always asking money or things. 
iap-chhiu, to put the hands behind the back (v. iap). 
iet-chhiu, to wave the hand up and down, or rather 
inwards with the palm down and turned inwards, as in 
calling a person to come to us. io-chhiu, to move the 
hand from side to side with fingers up and palm for- 
wards, as in declining, refusing, or warning not to do. 
he— chhiu, to toss the hand upwards, with palm up, 
in sign of displeasure (v. hfr). pi-chhiii, to gesticulate 
with the hand (v. pi), ki-chhiu, to point with the 

chiap-chhiu, to make a bargain, khui-chhiu, 
to give some extra money at first (v. khui). oa n -chhiu, 
to change hands, lit. or fig. ke-chhiu, to pass from 

one to another (v. ke). kau-chhiu, to come to hand, 
as thing sent, chih-chhiu, to receive in the hand, 
as things, jip-chhiu, to be received, as money, gains 
or income, khan-chhiu, to hold each other's hands; 
to hold another's hand, tun-chhiu, to shake hands 
(as foreigners), poah-chhiu, matters not going well 
(v. poah). 

chhit- chhiu poeh-kioh, touching persons or 
things too familiarly (lit. seven hands and eight feet, v. 
kioh). kha-chhiu, hands and feet; assistants, tau- 
kha-chhiu, to assist; to lend a hand, ho-kha-chhiu, 
a useful helper, bo-kha-ehhiu, a useless fellow; having 
no one to assist him. bo-kha bo-chhiu, id. chher- 
kha-chhiu, coolies for coarse rough work, as at a 
hong. thi n -kha thi n -chhiu, to add lies to a story 
fundamentally true. si"-kha si"-chhiu, id. phe- 
kha sang-chhiu, to flatter. ti n -kha poa"-chhiu, 
to be in the way, as ropes or furniture; to be an en- 
cumbrance, keeping a man e.g. from leaving home, as 
family. ki n -kha ki"-chhiu, id. khiau-kha khe- 
chhiu, legs drawn up and arms rested on something; 
making one's self very much at ease, chhut-kha 
chhut-chhiu, very restless, as a child, kha sng, 
chhiu-nng, limbs weak with sickness or exhaustion 
(v. nng). kha thg, chhiu toa, limbs full sized, said 
in scolding a grown-up person for being idle and useless. 
chhiu bang, kha loan, in a great bustle or hurry. 

chhiu-thau, power, authority (v. th&u). ho-chhiu - 
si, all going on well, as the management of pupils, or 
as the course of a disease, ho-chhiu-se, in a suitable 
posture or position for doing something, ho-chhiu- 
si (C), id. chhiu-le, workmanship, as good or bad 
(v. le). chhiu-goe, handicraft, chhiu-toa", ability 
in cooking (v. toa"). chhiu-phi" khah-ngi", de- 
termined to have no compromise, but carry on the feud 
to the bitter end; not afraid to cause people severe in- 
jury or even death, gan cheng, chhiu khoai, able 
to play tricks of legerdemain or to deceive people. 

chhiu-be (the end of the arm), clothes and small 
articles of personal property left at death, chhiu-be- 
chi n , a cash tied to the wrist by a white string (super- 
stitious), u chhiu-be-lat, to have great strength in 
one's arms, e.g. able to hold a heavy weight with the 
arm stretched straight out. tu chhiu-be, to try each 
other's strength, by pushing a bar against each other's 
wrists, thuh chhiu-be, id. kek chhiu-be, id. 
au chhiu-be, to try strength by pulling each other's 
arms bent at right angles, pien chhiu-be, id. 

chhiu-sng-chi", a small gratuity given as a reward 
for some slight service. chia n -chhiu, the right hand, 
toa-chhiu-peng, the left-hand side. t6-chhiu- 
peng, id. chhiu-in, the mark of the inked hand on 
a document, &c. (v. in), chhiu-pit, hand-writing. 
chhiu -chhia, a spinning-wheel, chhiii-teng, a 
small lamp for carrying in the hand; a road-lamp. 
chhiu-per, a small hand-hatchet, chhiu-ku, a small 
hand-saw. chhiu-pun, a folded blank book of red 
paper for writing petitions (v. pun), chhiu-chih, a 
small folding memorandum-book for pocket, chhiu- 
chhau (C), id. (v. chhau). chhiii-kun, a napkin or 
handkerchief, chhiu - phe - a, a handkerchief for 
wrappingsmall things in. chhiu-long, gloves, chhiu- 
lok, the gloves put on a corpse when buried, chhiu- 
siu, sort of mits (without fingers) for the wrist, chhiu- 
khoan,armlets. chhiu-soh, flat armlets, chhiu-chi, 
a finger-ring (v. chH. 

chhiu-kut, the arm: the bone of the arm. chhiu- 
tsat, one of the two parts of the arm, esp. the lower 






ana. chhiii-e-tsat, the lower arm. chhiu-ti-a, 
the fleshy part of the upper arm. chhiu -te% the fleshy 
part of the lower arm; the calf of the arm. ehhiu-ke^ 
(C.), id. chhiu-thng, the arm from elbow to wrist, 
only when mutilated, as by loss of hand, or as a frag- 
ment separated from the body (v. thfig). chhiii-au- 
ti n , the elbow, chhiu-au-nhg, id. sai chhiu- 
au-nhg to-thg, to strike backwards with the elbow. 
chhiu-oan, the inner part of elbow (v. oan). chhiu- 
khiau, the elbow bent at an acute angle (v. khiau). 
chhiu-oa" (T.), the elbow-joint, chhiu-khu, the 
wrist; a sort of mortar (v. khu). chhiu-toe, the inner 
side of the wrist, at the root of the palm; the carpus (v. 
toe), chhiu-lun, the wrist-joint, chhiu-meh", the 
pulse at the wrist, chhiu-bak, the protuberance at 
the wrist-joint; the knuckles, chhiu-poa", the back 
of the hand, chhiu-poe, id. chhiii-chiu", the 
palm, chhiu-sim, the middle of the palm, chhiu - 
tiong-sim, id. chhiu-bin, the palm, toa-chhiu- 
bin, liberal, chhiu-bin than-chiah, earn one's 
living by one's own labour, kap-khit-chiah pe- 
chhiu-bin, to quarrel with him will be troublesome 
and shameful (like with a beggar), and with no possible 
advantage (v. p<5). chhiu-phang, the interstices be- 
tween the fingers. chhiu-tsai", a sort of thimble; 
also (r.) a finger. phai"-chhiu-jiau", to pilfer (v. 
jiau"). chhiu-to, the side of the hand at the little 
finger, when held flat like a knife, chhiu-hun, wrin- 
kles on the hand ; mark left by the hand when pressed 
down, chhiu-sioh, slight perspiration or moisture on 
the hand. 

<* till ill (R. id.) m-chhiu— i, to show him no 
politeness or attention; will have nothing to do with 
him. bo-lang beh-chhiu--i, no one will have any- 
thing to do with him. m-chhiu-chhai, will have 
nothing to do with him; showing we cannot be troubled 
with him; unwilling to meddle with the matter; will 
show him no attention; the cut direct, m-chhiu m- 
chhai, id. bo-chhiu-chhai, id. bo-chhiu-bo- 
chhai, id. u-chhiu-chhai, receiving with polite- 
ness and kindly manner, as towards an inferior, or a 
person asking a favour. 

Cllhiu [R. iong, the willow], (C. chhiu"). chhiu-m, 
the fruit commonly called arbutus, reallyamyrica(v. in). 

Chllill (R. su), a tree, chhiu-tsang, id. chit- 
tsang-chhiu, one tree, chhiu-bak, trees in general, 
chhiu-na", a wood; a forest, chhiu-sim, the heart 
of a tree, chhiu-phe, the bark; hollands and linen 
stuffs, chhiu-khak, the rough outer bark, chhiu- 
pak, a hollow in the trunk of a decayed tree, chhiu - 
ki, a branch; a twig, chhiu-oai", a large branch of 
a tree, esp. one of the primary divisions of the trunk. 
chhiu-b6, the top of a tree, chhiu-sin, the stem. 
chhiu-sin khia-tit-tiau, rh-kia" chhiu-be io- 
hong, if the trunk stand firm the top shaking in the 
wind is no matter ; said of a fearless upright man. 
chhiu-thhg, the trunk of a tree. chhiu-tui" (C), 
id. chhiu-bii, the main stem, as opposed to suckers 
or secondary stems, chhiu -thau, the stem near the 
root, ker-chhiu-thau, an old stump; said also of a 
man very small for his age. chhiu-kha, near the 
tree; below the tree. 

li-chhiu, to fall from the tree, as fruit, chhiu- 
rig, cool shade of tree, chhiu-ia", shadow of tree; 
reflection of tree in water, chhiu-lin, the juice of a 
tree; india-rubber, gutta-percha, &c. chhiu-ni", id.; 
said of a juice used for making varnish hold well. 


clili in 

chhiu-gui, the tree-bug (v. gui). chhiu-sien, 
the cicada, chhiu - Ian, a sweet flowering shrub, 
chhiu-kiu", a sort of fern, chhiu-bi-hoe ( = chhiu"), 
a sort of rose. 

toa-chhiu, phoa u-chha, a large tree if cut up 
must yield wood; said of something large, which does 
not seem of much use, but out of which a good deal can 
be got. chi" - chhiu khui - hoe (the money-tree 
blooms), said of getting much money, especially of a 
prostitute at the age when she brings in much money to 
her owner. 

Cllhill n (in all the tones), becomes "chhie-"" in 
Changpoo and many parts of Changchew. 

Cllhiu" (R, chhiong). chioh-chhiu n -pe\ a sort 
of acorus used medicinally (v. p&). 

Clllliu" [R. siong, form, appearance]. phai"-bin- 
chhiu", sullen or sulky appearance of countenance, 
such as to repel or frighten people. 

ChhiU" (R, chhiong). chhiu n -hi, a flat reddish 
fish of a roundish square shape (the pomfret fish?). 

Chllill" (R. chhiong), a spear. chhiu"-koai", the 
shaft of a spear, chhiu" - pi", butt end of spear. 
chhiu"-a-pi", id. chhiu"-bah, iron point of spear. 
chhiu"-a-be, point of spear, khau-liam-chhiu", 
a sort of halbert (v. liani). sia-mau"- chhiu", a spear 
with a crooked blade. 

chhia"- chhiu", to hire a man to write an essay for 
the examinations, so as to deceive the examiner, tsoe- 
chhiu", to be so employed. chhiu"-siu, the man 
who thus writes the essay for the candidate, chhiu"- 
chhiu, id. 

kiam-chhiu" (lit. sword and spear), a wooden rail- 
ing made with the points of the rails projecting above 
the cross-bar. kiam-chhiu"-mhg, a door made with 
this sort of railing; used for public buildings, offices, ■ 
&c. kiam-chhiu"-goa, outside the railing, esp. of 
space in front of yamun. 

chhiu"-to, spears and swords. chhiu"-to-ioh, a 
medicinal plant ( = ther-sam-chhit), with succulent leaves 
somewhat like the house-leek. chhiu"-to bak-pe, 
warlike weapons, pai chhiu n -to-hang, to arrange 
files of spears and swords, as at an execution, chhiu"- 
to e tsai-e, the calamities of war, rebellion, &c. to- 
chhiu" e tsai-e, id. 

Clllliu" — kng-chhiu", bright, as lamp: cheery 
and bright, as room. 

Chlliu" (R. chhiong). chhiu n -bi-hoe, a sort of 
rose, esp. double and sweet-scented. 

Clllliu"— chhiu"- peh (T. ), = chheng-peh, the 

Clllliu" (R. iong), to winnow (as wheat), by pour- 
ing out from a height in the wind (or by fanners). 
chhiu"-hong, id. ; in the wind. chhiu"-beh, to 
winnow wheat by pouring out in the wind, chhiii" 
hong-ke - , to winnow by fanners, chhiu" hong-kui 
(C), id. 

CllhiU" (R. chhiong), a wall, chhiu" -1§\ a line 
of wall (v. Is), chit-le-chhiu", one wall, in building. 
chit-phi"-chhiu", id. 

thang-chhm", the staves forming the sides of a 
barrel, tub, bucket, &c. 

chhiu" -piah, Avails in general (v. piah). sia"- 
chhiu", a city wall, chio-chhiu", the wall built 
opposite the main gate of a yamun or temple, chio- 
chhiu"-lai, in the space between this wall and the 
main gate. ui-chhiu", to surround with a wall: a 














surrounding wall, tsau-ui-chhiu", a surrounding 
wall. chhiu"-ui, a wall round a terrace (v. fti). 

tsoh-chhiu.", to build a wall, cheng-chhiu", to 
make a wall of clay and mortar by a frame, beating it 
hard ; to build a mud wall or cob-wall. chhiu n -khoeh, 
the frame used for building such mud or mortar walls. 
chhiu"-hak, id. (v. h&k). 

chhiu"-kha, at the foot of the wall; near the wall. 
chhiu"-thau, top of wall. ohJhiu"-thau-teng, on 
the top of the wall, e.g. where Hower-pots are often kept. 
sin koa-chhiu"-thau, nothing remains but some 
ruined walls. 

cllllili" [R. chhi6ng, ashed, a public depot or store]. 
gi-chhiii", place where coltins are furnished gratis to 
the poor, kun-kong-ehhhi", government arsenal 
and dock for war vessels. tah-chhiii", to make a sort 
of shed for the rites (khia-ha) for the worship of the 
spirit soon after death ; to build a shed for work. chhiii"- 
koa", a figure set as steersman in the mock ship of the 
idol "6ng-ia. " 

Cllllili" (R. ehhi6ng), to snatch; to plunder, chhiii"- 
kiap, to rob; to plunder, kiong-chhiii", id. chhiii"- 
teh, to snatch away, chhiii" -theh. (C. ), id. chhiii"- 
pak, to rob and strip. chhiu"--lang pak--lang, 
to rob and strip people. chhiu" -hoan, forcibly rescue 
a prisoner, chhiii" jin-beng, to plunder the house 
where a suspicious death has taken place, chhiii" he- 
sio, to plunder at a fire. na"-chhiii" he-sio, said 
of eating very hastily and ravenously, chhiii" -chiah, 
to eat too hastily and voraciously. 

chhiii"-chhoah, to do work too hurriedly and care- 

chhiii" bin-cheng-kng, to try to put on a good 
face though making it worse at the last, e.g. telling 
many lies to hide one. niau-chhu thau-chiah- 
iu, chhiii" bak-tsai"-kng (T.), the rat drinks up 
the oil and has no more light, said of a man keeping up 
appearances by means that only make matters worse. 

Cllllili" [R. chhii, to take], chhiii" cheng-sin 
( = Cn. chhiii), idolatrous rites for bringing back good 

chhiu" (T.), = A. Cn. chhiii, to redeem, as from 
pawn, &c. 

Cllllili" (R. chhiong), to sing, as a song, chhiu"- 
koa, to sing a song. chhiu"-khek, id. chhiu" 
lam-koan, to sing colloquial songs. chhiu"-pak- 
koan, to sing mandarin songs, sio-chhiu", to sing, 
as young boys, with very high notes, tsau-chhiu", 
street ballad-singers. chhiu"-liam-h6, to sing and 
recite well, as an actor, or as a man reciting bits of 

chhiu"-koa.i"-tiau, to ask an exorbitant price, 
ke-khek, chhiu"-boe-16h-au, to tell transparent 
lies that can't be swallowed. 

Cllllili" (R. ip). chhiu"-jia, to make 
chhiu"-hia, id. 

Cllllili" — am-chhiu", dark, as night. 

Cllllili" — phah-ka-chhiu", to sneeze, 
kha-chhiu" (r.), id. hat-chhiu" (Cn.), id. 
chhiu" (C), id. heh-chhiu" (C), id. 

Cllllili" — chhiu"-thau, superstitious rites per- 
formed just before marriage, both on males and females; 
if neglected then must be performed afterwards, other- 
wise in the next world they would be boys and girls, and 
not adults. 

Cllllili" [R. siong, above, to ascend, which in a dif- 
ferent sense becomes col. chiu"], (to cause to ascend, to 



bring up), to set up, as doors; to store up, as goods; to 
sew on, as soles of shoes; to raise, as water; to produce, 
as damp, mist, white ants, &c. 

chhiu" -bong, to make offerings and worship at 
graves. chhiu"-be r , id. (esp. Cn.) 

chhiu"-keng, to string a bow. chhiu"-mng, to 
set a Chinese door on its hinges, chhiu" tiam-thang, 
to set up the boards of a shop-window. chhiu"-6e, to 
sew together the soles and uppers of shoes, chhiu"- 
beh, to sew together the soles and legs of stockings. 

chhiu" peh-hia, to become infested with white 
ants. chhiu"-e, a white film forming on the eye. 
chhiu" tang-sien, to get covered with verdigris. 
chhiu"-chhi, to grow damp, as salt, &c. chhiu" 
iam-si", to grow white with saline incrustations (v. si"). 
chhiu"-phii, to grow mouldy, chhiu" chhi"-thi, 
to get covered with green moss (v. thi). chhiu"-pan, 
to get spotted, as with the sun or with mould, as damp 
clothes or books. chhiu"-bu, mist gathering, chhiu"- 
hun, clouds rising and thickening. 

chhiu"-tsiii, to draw water, chhiu" tiau-e, to 
raise water by a well-sweep. 

chhiu°-tsng, to buy goods cheap, and store them 
up waiting for a rise in price. chhiu"-niu" — khi- 
lai, id. chhiu" ge-kak, to store up large quantity 
of grain for a rise in price. chhiu"-tiah, to buy and 
store up grain for a rise in price. 

chhiu" moa"-khi (C), to catch small crabs in rivers 
by torch-light. 

Cllllili' 1 [R. siong, an image, likeness], chhin- 
chhiu", like; alike; similar; as if. chia"-chhin- 
chhiu", exactly alike, chhin-chhiu" kau bo-ji, 
exceedingly like, i kap-lang bo-chhin-chhiu", 
he has a bad disposition, worse than other people. 

khah-chhiu", more like, iah-chhiu", rather like. 

Cllllifl" [R siong, a figure, an elephant], an ele- 
phant. chhiu"-ge, ivory. chhiu"-phi", proboscis 
of elephant. chhiu"-kan, elephant's keeper, chhiu"- 
ki, a sort of chess having twelve pieces on each side; 
some of them are called "elephant." he-pa sai- 
chhiu", tigers, panthers, lions, and elephants. 

Cllllili" [R. thiok, domestic animals]. chhi- 
chhiu", to feed domestic animals, esp. pigs and poultry. 
u-chhi- chhiu", having abundance of domestic animals 
all getting on well, bo-chhi-chhiu", domestic ani- 
mals not getting on well, bo-chhi bo-chhiu", not 
keeping any domestic animals, bo-chhi bo-chhiu", 
ke-he tsoe-boe-chiu", without keeping domestic 
animals a family does not get rich, chhi-chhiu", 
ke-he chiu", to keep domestic animals increases the 
wealth of a family. 

Cllllili" [R. chhiong, a workman, an artificer]. 
bak - chhiu", a carpenter. th& - tsiii - chhiu", a 
builder; a mason ; a bricklayer, thih-chhiu", a worker 
in iron; a smith, gun-chhiu", a silver-smith, thi- 
thau-chhiu", a mandarin's barber, chhai-hong- 
chhiu", a mandarin's tailor. 

Cllllifl" (R. siong), a large sort of tree. 

Chhifl" [R. iong, the willow]. chhiu"-rh (C), 
= A. chhiu-m, the so-called arbutus (v. m). 

Cllllllg [R. chhun, a village], (C. chhui"). hiu"- 
chhng, a village, chhng-lang-thau, you rustic! 
said in scolding. chhng-han(r.), a rustic; a clownish- 
looking fellow. 

Cllllllg (R- chhong), a granary, gi-chhng, a pub- 
lic granary, chhng-khe", granaries and treasuries. 
chhek-chhng, a granary for rice, chhng-chhek, 








paddy from public granaries, not good, chhng-bi, 
rice from do. , not good. 

niu"-chhng, cubical mensuration. 

Cllllllg (R. chhong), tbe hold of a vessel, tsun- 
chhng, id. tsui-chhng. the part of the hold for the 
bilge-water, chhng-toe, the bottom of the hold; the 
last of the cargo from a vessel, inferior quality. 

khui-chhng, to open the hold; to open the hatches, 
khui-chhng-ji, a document giving permission to 
open the hatches, chhng-khau, the hatches, koan 
chhng-khau, to watch the hatches and mark down 
what is taken in or out, as supercargo or clerk does. 
chhng-khau-ph<ir, book in which goods shipped and 
delivered are noted down, chhng - khau - toa", a 
vessel's manifest, chhut-khau e chhng-khau- 
toa", export manifest, jip-khau e chhng-khau- 
toa", import manifest. 

Cllllllg (R. chhoan), (C. chhui"), to pass through or 
press through a hole. 

chhng-khang, to make a hole, as insect, chhng- 
chiam, to thread a needle, lam-sam-chhng, to go 
improperly through private places, e.g. through the pri- 
vate apartments of a house, chhng— ke-khi, to go 
through, as through a house, using too much freedom. 

chhng -tin, to make wicker-work with rattan. 
chhng-bih, to make bamboo wicker-work, chhng 
si"-hioh, to put on the paper on a fan in making it. 
chhng-soa"-leng, a sort of gingall. 

leng-chhng, the orifice of a teat. 

Cllhng (C. chhui"). kha-chhng, the posteriors; 
the buttocks; the anus; the hollow on which a cup (or 
bowl, incense vessel, &c.) stands; the obverse of a coin, 
opposed to "bin;" the wrong side, as of paper. 

kha-chhng-tau, the hips, the posteriors, kha- 
chhng-chiam, the part of the hips that makes the 
corner when bent, kha-chhng-phoe, the hip. kha- 
chhng-thau, the lower end of the back where the 
posteriors begin, kha-chhng-phang, the depres- 
sion between the hips, kha-chhng-khang, the anus. 
phah kha-chhng, to beat in punishment, as before 
the tribunal. 

tsoa-kha-chhng, the wrong side of paper, rougher 
than the other side. 

kha-chhng-au, close behind a person, io kha- 
chhng-hoe, to shake one's hips from side to side, as 
an awkward walker, khin-kha-chhng, ready to do 
acts of politeness and service, as a polite willing boy, or 
as a man forgetful of his dignity, chhui kiu", kha- 
chhng nhg, talking bold and big, but really much 
afraid and powerless. sa"-keng kha-chhng, two 
persons combining (standing back to back) to resist or 
injure another. sa" - chiang kha-chhng (T.), 
placed back to back, as two houses or villages. 

Cllhllg' (R. chhong), an ulcer, especially venereal. 

ti-chhng, piles at the anus, pan-chhng, large 
blotches of itch on the posteriors. 

kan-chhng, venereal ulcers, kam-chhng, id. 
tok-chhng, id. ok-chhng, id. si n -chhng, to have 
venereal ulcers, chhng-jiah, mark left by them, 
chhng-hun, id. chhng-hong, syphilis in its later 

Cllling — phi"-chhng (P.), = phl"-sng, arsenic. 

Cllhng [R. sin, =col. chhun], to stretch out, as the 
hand, chhng-chhiu, to stretch out the hand. 

Cllllllg (R. chhong), a bed; a couch. 

chheng-chhhg, the stock of a gun. 

bin-chhhg, a bedstead, mng-chhfig, id. bun- 

chhng (C. ), id. bin-chhng-kong, guardian god of 
marriage-bed. bin-chhfig-po, guardian goddess of 
it. chhhg-bu, female spirits that take care of infants 
(like nurses) shortly before and after birth, chhiig- 
chia-bu, id. bin -chhng-bi, wooden ornamental 
work across the top of the front of a bed. chhng-bi, 
id. bm-chhng-to, the broad flat board which makes 
the front of a bed, for sitting on. chhfig-to, id. 
bin-chhiig-hoa", id. chhng-toe, the body of a 
bedstead, including the feet, chhfig-teh (C), a bam- 
boo frame for the bottom of a bed. chhng-ke, shelf 
in bedstead, chhfig-ui, the curtain below the bed. 
chhng-jiok, a mattress, bin-chhiig tah-tau, a bed 
and the long stool that stands at front below (v. tah). 

po-chhng, a couch for use in gambling with the 
lithip6. tiau-chhhg, a hanging bed or couch; a ham- 
mock, tin-chhiig, a rattan couch or sofa, khong- 
chhng, a state-couch for guests (v. kh6ng). sien- 
chhfig, a couch with arms at each end. sien-chhng- 
i, an arm-chair, sien - chhng - toh, a table with 
a rim on three sides, chhng-kui, a long chest for 
storing things, used as a couch or bed. kui-chhng. 
id. tok-sui-chhfig, a bedstead fit for one person (v. 
sui). toa-chhrig, a large bedstead fit for two or three 

to-chhrig, to be so unwell as not to be able to rise; 
confined to bed; bed-ridden, to-tsai-chhfig, id. 

Cllhllg (C. chhui"), to suck a thing inside the 
mouth, as bones, kernels, &c. (but "tsfig" is to suck as 
a teat); to get money by intimidation or other improper 
means, chhrig-kut, to suck bones, chhrig-hut, to 
suck kernels, chhng koe-chi, to suck melon-seeds. 

chhrig-sit, to dress its wings with its bill, as a 

chhiig-khang, constantly looking out for any chance 
(right or wrong) to make money, chhhg-phang, id. 
gau-chhng Oe-phang, fond of picking holes in what 
people say. chhrig-chhiah, avariciously taking every 
opportunity (right or wrong) of making money, chhiig 
lang-e-chi", to get money from people by threatening 
to accuse them before the mandarins, as is done by sub- 
ordinates at yainuns and by many of the literati. h.& — 
lang chhhg-chi", to be done out of money thus. 

Cllhllg (C. chhui"). chhhg-jip, to rush in hur- 
riedly, chhng-chhut, to rush out hurriedly, chhhg-- 
tsau, to rush on with head bent down. 

cllllllg (C.chhui"). chhng-khang, to put thread 
through a hole. 

Cllllllg (R. chhoan), (C. chhui"), to string together; 
a small string of beads, pearls, &c. , strung together (a 
larger is "koa n "). kui-chhhg, a complete string, as 
of beads, chhhg-tsu-a, to string beads or pearls. 

Cllhllgll, to snuffle with the nose, only outwards 
(but "sngh" is inwards), as when the nose is stuffed, 
or as a child when dissatisfied or ill-pleased or half 
angry, chhngh phi"-khang, id. chhngh phi"- 
hong, id. 

cllIlO (R. id.), animal food, including also eggs, 
garlic, and onions (not eaten in fasts nor by vegetarians). 
chhi'-chho, flesh and fish in general, chho-chhai, 
animal food and vegetarian diet respectively, chiah- 
chho, to eat animal food; not to be a vegetarian. 
kbui-chho, to break off vegetarianism. 

hi-chho, flesh and fish in general, chhau-chho, 
strong-flavoured fish; strong, unpleasant smell, as of fish 
ui chhau-chho, not liking to eat strong-smelling lish. 
hai-tsui chhau-chho, the waters of the sea having 





1 ** 



an unpleasant smell; sign of bad weather, chhau- 
chho sia n -sin (strong-smelling fish alluring flies), said 
of a bad woman much ornamented alluring lads. 

CllllO [R. to hold firmly], (Cn. chher). chho- 
chhiong tsu-ju, master of one's own actions; not 
under the control or direction of another. 

Child — chit-chho, ten thousand. ehia"-chh6, 
about ten thousand. 

child — chho-ji-tau, a measure (about 1*2 of a 
common "tilu" measure) used for measuring uncleaned 
rice, chh6-bi; (sound probably changed from "chh6"). 

cllllO (R. chher). chheng-chho, =chheng-chhe-, 
settled, as account; well and accurately done. 

Cllll6 [R. s6, small, minute], (T. so), chho- 
chhui, miscellaneous; troublesome and difficult to set 
right, as an affair in a confused and involved state that 
will require much discussion; to wrangle; disputing over 
and over without coming to an agreement; troublesome 
to deal with, as a man fond of disputing and always 
making objections. kap--i teh-chho-chhui, having 
much violent disputing with him without coming to an 

Cllll6 [R. plants, the 140th radical], (Cn. chher). 
si-chho, the essay that wins a degree, printed for 
private circulation among friends. 

Child [R. plants; coarse, rough draft; running hand; 
= col. chhau], (Cn. chher), pith for fancy work. 

chho-bok, trees and plants (v. b6k). chho-pun, 
herbaceous (not shrubby), as a plant, pun-chho, the 
Chinese book of botany and pharmacopeia, chho-a- 
thau, the 140th radical, written at the top. 

ch.ho-h.oe, artificial flowers, made of pith, thong- 
chho, the plant (aralia) from which it is made (v. 
thong), chho-er, aconite, chho-siau, a plant used 
as a purgative medicine, kam-chho, liquorice, chia- 
chho, liquorice sliced and dried, medicinal, lien- 
chi-chho, a fabulous good-omened plant. chh6-ko, 
a medicine (Amomum medium?). 

chho-su, running hand, chho-ji, id. chho-ko, 
a rough draft or scroll, chho-chheng, a scroll-book 
in which sales are entered as they are made, chho- 
sut, carelessly; in an off-hand manner; without much 
care. 16-chho, id. 16-chho-sia, to write a scroll 
or rough copy. 

phah hoe-ehh6, to strike one's own arms, thighs, 
and body, as a beggar does. 

Cllll6 (R. id.), to cut in small pieces; to mince; to 
fell, as a tree. 

chhd-chhiu, to fell a tree, chho-ui, to cut away 
a mast, chhd-chha, to cut fire-wood. 

chho-bah, to mince meat, esp. pork, chho-bah- 
si n , id. chho-bah-oan, meat balls, chho-hi-oan, 
minced fish balls. 

chho-be — e, having the head cut off, as sugar-cane, 
chho-be-kau ke-16k (a dog with cropped tail pre- 
tending to be a stag), a man pretending to dignity when 
he has none. 

ka" thai-phah-chho, daring to beat and cut vio- 
lently (said of a daring robber or ruffian), ban-to- 
chho, may you be cut small by ten thousand knives ! 

Child — chho-khim, to strike the harp. 

Child [R. to sing loud, as birds], chho-hi, to din 
the ears; to stun the ears, chho-jiau, to cause trouble, 
anxiety, or expense to another, chiau-a chhd-r±a n - 
pe\ a large flock of birds making a loud noise in the 
wood (said of a number of children or inferiors making 
a great noise by talking or otherwise). 

sit-chho, a mistake; 
bo-chho, certainly 
tsai-chho, to know 

Child [R. id., by change of tone from "chho" to 
hold], chiet-chho (R.), very correct in conduct. 

Child (R. id.) chho-bi, rice separated from the 
husk by the mill, but not yet beaten white in the mortar 
which separates the bran, bi chho, the rice is still 
entire, not having the bran beaten off it. tsui-tui 
bo-chho-bi, a pounding-mortar driven by water leaves 
none of the rice uncleaned (said of a man who is too 
knowing to be easily cheated). 

Chhd [R. chhok, mistake]. 
a fault, chho-ge 1 , a mistake 
it is so; no mistake ! yes indeed, 
one's fault, jm-chho, to confess a fault or error, 
kong-chho, to say a wrong thing by mistake, siu"- 
chho, to make a mistake in thinking or planning. 
thia"-chho, to make a mistake in hearing, boe- 
chho, to buy a wrong article by mistake. 

chho-to, a mistake in anything (originally, with 
a knife), chho-su, faults in conduct, esp. gambling 
and licentiousness, kia-chho-su, to commit gambling 
or lewdness. chho-si, to die from carelessness or 
neglect, e.g. from taking poison or wrong medicine 
accidentally, or from drowning when assistance might 
have been given, or of a disease which could have been 
easily cured, chhd-chhiu, to kill a man accidentally 
when it was intended only to beat him. chho-kun, 
to kill or wound a man very severely in boxing, un- 

Child — theh— khi chho-chhui, (T.) take it 
there and eat it (said in scolding a child). 

Cllllflf (R. id.), coarse, rough, common, vulgar, cruel, 

toa-chher, to be in deepest mourning, for parents 
or grand-parents. chher-per-sa", dress of common 
cotton stuff, chhe-hoaih" hoaih", very coarse, as 

chher-siap, coarse and rough, as a surface, chher- 
phe, a granulated rough surface of skin (like a small 
eruption), chronic. 

chhe-kha, unbandaged feet, of women, chher- 
siok, vulgar in manner; very cheap and inferior, (v. 
siok). chher-le% wanting in refinement; rather un- 
cultivated in manner. chhe"-pun, clumsy, ill-formed, 
awkward-looking, chhe-phoh, large and rough-look- 
ing, as man. chher-tang, rough hard work in which 
one must exert strength, chher-lang, a coarse or 
vulgar labourer, as a coolie or chair-bearer, chher- 
teng, a man who works at rough hard work, as farmer 
or workman, chher-kang, coolies, workmen, or labour- 
ers for rough work, chher kha-chhiu, coolies for 
rough work (as in a hong), chher-kioh, id. (v. kioh). 
chher-khi, coarse, rough, or unpolite in manner or 

chher - chheng, every-day clothes, chher -chhai 
pien-png, a common every-day dinner; pot-luck. 

chher-chhui, vulgar vile scolding with abominable 
phrases. chher-6e, vile language, chher-kiin, wrest- 
ling, striking, or coarse play together, such as readily 
passes from play to a real quarrel; improper talk or 
liberties with women. 

chher-sim, cruel heart, chher-chhan, cruel or 
violent in character; fond of fighting, striking, or in- 
juring people, eng-chher-hoat, to act violently, as 
striking, &c. ; said also of very high-handed violent 
proceedings, tang chher-hoat, id., as striking, &c. 

chher-khng, rice -chaff (v. khng). h.& put-chi- 
chher, the rain is very heavy. 






sam oi a man wnn rougn exi 
& Chile* (R. id.), ordure; 

/Jftj chher-pui, id. chher-jio, 
'"■**"* and liquid manure. chher-ti 








chher-ngi", too hard and stiff, as a fur; too stiff in 
shape, as a written or printed character. 

chher-hi iu-te 1 , a coarse fish with a good inside; 
said of a man with rough exterior hut good abilities. 

excrement; solid manure, 
excrement and urine; solid 
liquid manure, chher-tsun, boat carrying manure, 
chher-tharig, buckets for carrying manure, chher- 
hia, ladle for lading out manure. 

Cllll©* [R. beginning, = col. chhoe, C. chhe]. chher- 
chher, at the first; just lately begun, chher-chher 
kh.i-kh.ia, very soon after beginning to live there. 
khi-chher, the beginning, tng-goan-chher, at the 
commencement or beginning, jin-chi-chher (lit. 
man's beginning), the Chinese trimetrical primer, = 

Oil !lO (On.). = A. ehho, (R.) to hold firm. 
CllllflT (R id.), the kingdom of Tsoo, in the Chow 
dynasty; about the present Hoo-nan. chhe-kok, id. 
chher-pa-6ng, a famous usurper, king of Tsoo. 
kher-chher, to torment. 

chheng-chher, = chheng-chh(5, completely paid; all 
clear and settled. 

Hillo (R. id.), vinegar, sng-chher, id. bi- 
chher. vinegar made from rice, lo-chiu-chher, vine- 
gar made from the fermented liquor called 16-chiii. 
chher-la, mother of vinegar, chhe-tsau, dregs of 
vinegar (v. tsau). chher-kiu", a condiment made of 
vinegar, ginger, and sugar. 

dill©* (Cn.), = A. chh6, in some cases. 
CllllO (Cn.), in several words of several tones, = A. 

CllllOii [R. tsu, to collect, to assemble], khah- 
chbun-chhoa, making a little money now so as to 

CllllOii — loa-chhoa, acting carelessly, remissly, 
or lazily; working in an untradesmanlike way; to pro- 
crastinate in managing an affair. noa"-chhoa, id. 

clllloa (C.) chhoa-chhoa, slim, not strong, as 

ollllOa [R. chhai, a surname, name of a kingdom], 
a surname. 

('lllloa [R. to, to lead; cf. col. thoa], to lead; to 
conduct; to guide the way. in-chhoa, to lead, chhoa- 
ler, to guide; to conduct in the way. chhoa-kang, a 
pilot; to pilot, io-chhoa — i, to lead him about and 
show him attention. 

thau-chhoa, to run off with, as a child; to abduct; 
to kidnap (child), chhoa-tsau, to abduct, esp. female 
child or slave. sa"-chhoa-tsau, to run off together, 
esp. to elope. 

chhoa-kia 11 , to lead out (as fowl) her chickens to 

chhoa-jio, to pass water involuntarily, as children 
(v. jio). 

oil lloa [R. chhu, chhu, to marry], to marry a wife. 
chhoa sin - niu", id. chhoa - chhin - chia", id. 
chhoa-her, id. ka--i chhoa-be 1 , to get a wife for 
him, to get him (e.g. one's son or grandson) married, 
chhoa chit-e-be- he-— i, id. chhoa--be, are you 
married? k6-chhoa, to marry (man or woman) in 
general, ji-chhoa, to marry a second time, as after 
death of first wife, au - chhoa, id. chiu"-mng 
chhoa, bridegroom going in person to the bride's house 
to conduct her to his house. 

dlllOcl" [R. soan, a wooden pin, = col. sng], a 

splinter; a small thorn or prick; to prick, as a thorn or 
splinter; to take away some small thing against the 
owner's will; also(vulg.), to copulate, chhoa" — tioh., 
to be pierced by a splinter. chhoa"-chhi, very trou- 
blesome; causing much trouble (v. chhl). 

Chhoa" [R. tsan, to wound, cruel], to cut away, as 
some branches or other parts of plants. 

clllloa ' — noa n -chhoa", lazy; careless; utterly 
without spirit or energy, as opium-smoker (v. noa"). 
noa"-chhoa", id. 

CllllOii" [R. sien, eruptions or dirt on skin], kau- 
chhoa", an eruption on the skin like ringworm or 
scrofulous eruptions, tioh hong-chhoa", to have a 
sort of itching eruption. 

CllIl0Si n [R. chhan, to smooth off], to smooth off a 
small bit of wood ; to turn the boat's head in a slightly 
different direction, chhoa" chit-te, to smooth off a 
bit of wood, chhoa" he-i-pi", id. 

Clllloa". very ready to take offence and get up a 
quarrel; unwilling to take advice or warning; reckless 
of consequences. 

CllllO^" (R. chhoan). chhoa"-to, to cross the 
road just in front of a mandarin and his retinue, phah- 
hoai"- chhoa", to attack an enemy by a flank move- 

Chhoa." — chhoa n -thg lang-e-6e, to stop short 
a man's talk by interrupting him. 

Cllll0a. n [R. soan, = col. sng], (P. chhoe"), a bolt; to 
bolt, as a door, mfig-chhoa", a door-bolt, chhoa"- 
mhg, to bolt a door, chhoa" teng-chhoa", to bolt 
the upper bolt of the two usual bolts of a Chinese door. 
chhoa"-e-chhoa", to bolt the lower bolt, chhoa"- 
loh-kui, to let down the small secret pin that keeps 
the bolt shut and fastened. 

chhoa"-kun, a cross piece of wood sunk into two 
planks or pieces of wood to hold them together. 

CllllOa" [R. sien, an eel], asmallsortof eel. chhan- 
chhoa", a very small fresh-water eel having soft eatable 
bones. ngi n -kut-chhoa", a salt-water sort with nu- 
merous hard bones, not good to eat. 

chhoah — bak-chiu chhoah, eyes twitching 

C-hhoah, to tremble; to have spasms; to flash, as 
lightning, sih-chhoah, skin twitching slightly; glanc- 
ing, as lightning, chhih-chhoah (esp. Cn. ), id. lui- 
tan chhih-chhoah, thunder pealing and lightning 

bah-chhoah, flesh twitching or trembling, kha- 
chhiu bah-chhoah, limbs all trembling, as with 
fear, &c. lak - lak - chhoah, id. kheh - kheh- 
chhoah, id. geh - geh - chhoah, id. ngiauh- 
ngiauh-chhoah, id. 

Chhoah [R. chhiap, to steal], li u-chhoah— 
goa, you have deceived me, and made me pay far too 

CllllOah, to pluck out, as hair or feathers; to give 
a sudden jerk or sharp pull, esp. so as to break, as a rope; 
to snatch, chhoah — khi, to snatch and break away, 
as something from another, chhoah-hiet-kak, to 
pull out and throw away, as gray hair, or as ends of 
threads, chhoah-tfig, to break by a sudden pull, as 
chain or rope, chhoah — khi-lai, to hoist up, as 
taking a boat on board; to take off, as a sculling oar. &<-. 
chhoah-chhiu, to pull another's beard, a very great 
insult; said in scolding an old man. chhoah chhui- 
chhiu, id. chhoah-sit, to pluck the wings, as of a 

r A 














fowl, chhoah. chit-tsang, to pull up a small plant 
by the roots, chhoah jiu-hi, to catch the fish called 
"jiu," by giving a rapid pull as soon as it bites. 

chhiu"-chhoah, to do work too hurriedly and care- 

CllllOilll, a grater, as for long turnips; to grate 
down, esp. into long strips, chhai-thau-chhoah, a 
fine grater for long turnips, han-tsu-chhoah. a 
coarse grater for sweet potatoes, chhoah han-tsu, 
to grate down potatoes, chhoah chhai-thau tsoe- 
si, to grate long turnips into long strips. 

CllllOilll — chhoah-nhg, to spawn or lay eggs 
in vast abundance, as fish or butterflies. 

CllllOilll [R. siet, diarrhoea], chhoah-sai, to have 
diarrhoea ; to have a loose motion ; to be purged, chhoah- 
sai-chhi" ( vulg. ), a falling star. chhoah--16h-khi, 
to fall suddenly, as a meteor. 

rll llOJ! \\ (Cn. ), to lend money for a very short time, 
i-chhoah, to borrow for a very short time. 

Chhoah [R. sia, oblique, = col. chhia], (C. tsoah, 
in some cases), awry; off the straight; squinting. 

moa"-phang-chhoah (C. tsoali), diagonal lattice- 
work, oai-chhoah, awry (v. oai). chhoah-kak, 
diagonal; slanting; not at right angles, tiau-kak- 
chhoah, slanting, as at a corner; esp. as to folding, 
drawing, &c. ka-ehhoah, to cut (cloth) awry, as a 
bad tailor. 

than-chhoah, diagonal: awry, bu-than-chhoah, 
id. che bii-than-chhoah, to sit awry, che than- 
chhoah,id. than-chhoah-bak,squinting. chhoah- 
bak, id. bak-chiu chhoah-chhoah, id. 

CllllOilll [R. tsoan, a sacrificial victim], sam- 
chhoan nger-bi, all sorts of very good eating. 

CllllOilll ( = soan), (Cn. chhun). chhoan-tin, to 
send out suckers. 

Chho<lIl [R. to press or put into a small opening, 
= col. chhng]. 

chhoan-tng 1 , the inner room inayamun, just behind 
the public hall of judgment, chhoan-sim, the pin of 
the lock that runs up into the (foreign) key. chhoan- 
tiong-ti, fistula, chhoan-san-kah, the scales of 
the (la-lf) pangolin (or manisl). 

chhoan-chhok, unnecessarily involved, as the man- 
agement of an affair (v. chhok). 

ChllOan [R. a river; in the names of things means 
"from Sze-chuen"]. san-chhoan (R. ), mountains 
and rivers, poat-siap san-chhoan (R.), travelling 
far over hills and rivers. 

kong-chhoan, very strong smooth good writing 

su-chhoan, the province of Sze-chuen. chhoan- 
ni n , a cooling medicine from Sze-chuen. chhoan- 
hong, inferior bezoar from do. chhoan-leng, best 
sort of China-root from it. chhoan-kiong, a medi- 
cine (v. kiong). chhoan-kien, a sort of silk from Sze- 
chuen. chhoan-poe, a medicine (v. p6e). 

Cllhosill [R. toan, to deliver an order], to summon 
to court (as a graduate), in a less peremptory way than 
by the usual warrants. 

chhoan-kiong (C), = A. thoan-keng, the inter- 
preter in a mandarin's office. 

ChllOiill (R. id.), to select or choose, as persons or 
things, to be ready for some special purpose, chhoan- 
pan, to select and make ready, as materials or other 
things, or as men. chhoan-pien, id. chhoan- 
tsoe, to select and make fully ready, and all in order 

for a purpose; all fully prepared, chhoan-lang, to 
get the persons all ready for something to be done. 
chhoan-liau, to select and get ready the materials. 
tiau-chhoan--e, specially selected. 

CllllOilll, to plot against; to take secret action so 
as to injure a man. chhoan-chhok, id.; also, to 
make preparations, or manage a matter (v. chhok). 
chhoan — lang, to plot against a man, and take secret 
action to his injury. 

CllllOiill (R. chhun), to pant; to breathe, esp. to 
breathe hard, chhoan-jip, to inhale breath, chhoan- 
chhut, to breathe out breath, chhoan-khui, to 
breathe, chhoan-toa-khui, to draw a long breath; 
quite out of breath, toa-khui-chhoan (C), asthma. 
her" -her"- chhoan, to pant hard, as with running or 
with a heavy load. phih"-phih"-chhoan, id. phi- 
phi-chhoan, id. phi"-phi"-chhoan, id. ha"- 
ha" -chhoan, id. 

chhit-khang bo-hu-chhoan, said of a man who 
is very miserable, in great want of money. 

chhoan-kih"-ka n (C. ), panting very hard; making 
one's self very big and behaving improperly. 

CllllOilll (same word?), siau-lien-chhoan, a 
young fellow making himself very big by words or actions. 
chhoan (C), = A. chheng, to behave in a big brag- 
ging way. 

CllllOtUl [R. koan, accustomed], chhoan-kong 
bo-ji-6e, all he says is baseless talk, chhoan-kong 
bo-h6-6e, constantly talking bad language, chhoan- 
kia" bo-ho-tai, all hisaetions are improper, chhoan- 
kia" hiam-ler, he is always going in dangerous courses. 
chhoan-kia" si-hiam-ler, id. chhoan-tsoe si- 
phai"-tai, he does nothing but wicked actions, chhoan- 
chhut si-chhat, it breeds robbers (or pirates) abund- 
antly, as a place, chhoan-kau sam-ker liok-po, 
constantly consorting with nuns, female sorcerers, &c. 

ChllOtlU [R. to string, as beads; connected; a re- 
ceipt for house-tax]. 

koan-chhoan, mutually connected, as the parts of 
a composition or of reasoning. 

chhoan-thong, to conspire with enemies against 
our superior or employer (said of persons in employment 
or specially related), chhoan-keng, to prompt a man 
under examination before a mandarin, suggesting to him 
what to say (very improper). 

chhoan-kun, the part of a document left in the 
book when it is torn off for use, e.g. of a receipt for 
land-tax, or pawn-ticket, te-tser-chhoan, a receipt 
for the Amoy ground-tax on houses, chhut-chhoan, 
to issue these forms to the tep6. 

liok-chhoan, a strong silk stuff, generally of a light 
bluish-white, but sometimes black or other colour. 

CllllOilll (R. id.), to usurp; to supplant, chhoan- 
ui, to usurp the throne, chhoan-koan, to usurp 

sa"-chhoan, to get a business or situation by sup- 
planting a rival; to undersell or supplant, chhoan- 
lai chhoan-khi, each trying to undersell or supplant 
the other, chhoan-thau-ler, to supplant a man in 
his employment, chhoan-pai, forcibly take the turn 
before our turn has come. 

chhoan-tong, to come circling round from the back 
to the front of the grave, as an amphitheatre of hills 
(v. sa). 

CllllOclIl [R. to rush away hurriedly], chhoan-- 
chhut-khi, to rush out hurriedly. chhoan--jip-khi, 
to rush in in great haste, tit-tit chhoan-jip, to bolt 










right in. tit-chhoan--jip-lai, to come rushing in 
hurriedly, gau-chhoan, fond of running about very 
fast in sport, as horse, dog, or pig. phau-thau 
chhu-chhoan. to cover one's face with hands and run 
away (in shame) like a rat. 

Hi llOil 91 (It.), to compile, as a book, chhoan - 
chheh, (R.), to compile a book. 

CllllOiYll — chhoan-ge, a tooth projecting far 
out of its proper place. tui-pi"--thau chhoan - 
clihut, to project at the side, as a tooth. 

CllllOiYll (R. id.) chhoan-a, a lance like a sword 
with a long handle, tfi.g-ch.hoan, a long lance on a 
bamboo shaft. 

CllllOiYll [R. to cook], hun-chhoan, to have 
their meals separately regularly, tsu-chhoan-tiam 
(R.), an inn where each cooks for himself. 

CllllOiYllg', gaudy, richly ornamented, finely-dress- 
ed, showy, pretty (often with the idea of improper con- 
duct), chhoang-tiam, beautiful, as dress; good-look- 
ing and finely-dressed, as person. 

tsoe-koa"-chhoang, very intimate with mandarins. 
hi-chhoang, fond of going to plays; intimate and 
spending money with the actors who represent women 
(often includes the idea of lascivious intercourse). 

chhoang - hia n , a fast licentious young fellow. 
chhoang-kun, a fellow fond of low vicious pleasures, 
who leads others into vice and is fond of quarrels and 

CllllOe [R. chher, the beginning], (C. chhe). khi- 
chhoe, the beginning, tng-chhoe, at the beginning, 
tng-goan-chhoe, id. tng-chhoe-si, id. 

chhoe — nih, in the first ten days of the month, geh- 
chhoe, the first decade of the month, chhoe-it, the 
first of the month, chhoe-ji, the second, chhoe- 
tsap, the tenth day of the month, chhoe-kui, which 
of the first ten days is it? 

CllllOe [R. chhe, wife], hu-chhoe, husband and 

CllllOe (C), = A. chhe, to cook by steam, tiong- 
chhoe-koe, twice-steamed cakes. 

ChhOe (C),=A. chhe, to blow a pipe, &c. 

CllllOe (C. chh6), to crawl on hands and feet, as a 
child, or as a lame man. chhoe-chhoe, id. the- 
kha--nih n chhoe, id. gim bak-kiah-tsoe, toa- 
teh-chhoe, a cripple crawling on the ground with 
things like wooden clogs in his hands (often said in 
cursing, may you come to that plight !). 

CllllOe (C), = A. chhe, a thin stick. 

Chhde (C.), = A. chhe, marrow, brains. 

Chhoe, rice-dough; rice-flour, chhoe-hun, rice- 
flour, ta-bi-chhoe, id. bi-chhoe, rice-dough made 
from soaked rice, cheng-chhoe, to beat soaked rice 
into dough. chhiau - chhoe, to mix rice-dough. 
noa n -chhoe, to knead and work up rice-dough. 

Chhoe [R. soat, a brush; to scrub, =col. seh], (C. 
chhe), to scrub; to scour, as with a wet cloth or with a 
hard brush and water; to rub smooth, as with sand- 
paper or with rough leaves or fish-skin. tia n -chhde, 
a scrubbing-brush for cleaning rice-boilers. 

CllllOe (C.), = A. chhe, to search. 

Cllhde (C.), = A. chhe, thick and short, as the 

Cllhoeh [R. chhek, grieved], (C. chheh), sad, sorrow- 
ful; repining, chham-chhoeh, id. khe^-chhoeh, 
id. chhoeh-sim, repining, oan-chhoeh, displeased 
at one's self or at one's fate (v. oan). oah - oah 

chhoeh--si, to die of vexation (lit. or fig.) boe- 
chhoeh boe-pi", he will neither repent nor reform. 

chhoeh-chhoeh-thi, to sob. 

Chlioll, to scold with obscene language, sa"- 
chhoh, id. chhoh-me", id. chhoh-chhoh-hau, 
id. chhoh-kan-kiau, id. chhoh--lang, to scold 
people obscenely. 

Clllioh (Cn. ), = A. chheh, to sip. to-chhoh (T. ), 
to take in a long breath after a great burst of sobbing. 

Clllloll (Cn.), = A. chheh. chit-chhbh-nga, a 
very small quantity, as of tea, salt, vermicelli, &c. , 
taken up in the hand. 

CllllOk [R. chhoat, to take up in the fingers; a 
pinch], ( = col. chheh). chit-chhok-a, a small quan- 
tity of something, especially taken up with the fingers, 
chit-chhok-a-he, a little fire for kindling, chit- 
chhok-a-mfig. a small tuft, as of feathers. 

Cllhok (R. id.) ok-chhok, filthy, dirty. 

Cllhok [R. chhiok, to meet with; to come upon 
accidentally, = col. chhek], (Cn. chhiok), to try a man's 
character by giving him an opportunity of stealing or 
deceiving us. chhok lang — e sini-su, id. 

chhok-keng, to try one's luck by some superstitious 
rite, chhok chit-e-keng, id. chhok-ji-so - , to 
try one's luck by pulling out lots, each having a charac- 
ter on it. 

chhok-khoa", to examine at random (ad apertu- 
rarti). chhok-tsong, to give (or take) what comes to 
hand without selection (v. tsong). 

CllllOk [R. to mistake], chha-chhok, a mistake 
(v. chha). chhok-ger (R. ), to mistake, chhok-jin, 
to mistake one thing (or person) for another, tng- 
bin chhok-ke, to let slip an opportunity, chiong- 
chhok chiu-chhok, having made a mistake not try 
to alter it, but just make the best of it. 

san-tin hai-chhok, the delicacies of land and sea. 

chhok-gok (R.), to start suddenly. 

CllllOk — sai-chhui-chhok, to make a signal 
by a slight movement of the mouth. 

CllllOk (R. id.), a large seal used by the tep6 of a 
ward; a seal used in yamun for stamping petitions and 
complaints, chhok-ki, id. thg-chhok, to stamp 
witli this seal. p6-tiu n -chhok, the tepo's seal. t&- 
ki-chhok, the stamp put on petitions in yamun. 

Cllhok [R. to chisel, = col. chhak]. chhoan - 
chhok, to make much needless work in the manage- 
ment of a matter, making it no better, but rather in- 
jurious; ill-composed, as a sentence too elaborate or 
awkwardly involved, so as to be indistinct. 

CllllOk — chhoan-chhok, to take secret action 
against a man ; to intrigue or plot against a man. 
lang beh chhoan-chhok--li, people are secretly 
preparing to act against you (same as next word T) 

CllllOk — chhoan-chhok, to get ready persons 
or things, making arrangements to be ready for some 
special matter, or to manage some affair, chhoan- 
chhok kha-chhiu, to get ready bearers of sedans and 
of luggage for the journey, or for such work, chhoan- 
chhok lang-sek, to get ready the persons who arc 
to act in a matter, as parties, witnesses, assistants, &c, 
for a trial. 

ChllOIlg [R. a granary, = col. chhng]. chhong- 
ji n , a thorny seed (Xanthium ?) used in medicine. 
chhong-ji n -chi, id. 

chiu-chhong-ia, the companion of Kwanti; wor- 
shipped along with him. koan put-li chhong; 













han-sin put-li koai-thong, said of a man always 
consulting an intimate friend about whatever he does. 

ChllOIlg [R. green, flourishing], chhong-tsun, 
beautiful, well-formed, of a person (v. tsim). sui- 
chhong, how very fine ! how beautiful ! (ironically for 
"how very ugly!") (v. siii). 
chhong-tsut, a medicine (v. taut). 
CllhOUg [R. a window, = col. thang]. tong- 
chhong, a fellow-student, tong-chhong peng-iu, 
id. chhong-iu, id. tong-chhong hia"-ti, id. 
chhong- ha -ko, essays written in preparing for 
examinations, to be corrected by teacher, chhong- 
ha-khe, id. chhong-chien, khun-kher thok; 
ma-siong, gim-i hoe, study hard at the window, 
and you will come back (a graduate) on horseback with 
flowered dress. 

ChllOUg (R. id), chhu- chhong, obsequious; 
fawning on a man of power or influence. 

ChllOng [R. onions, = col. chhang]. lok-chhong- 
hoe, a sort of lily with small blue flowers (?) 

ChllOIlg — chhong -pong, rash, hurried, or 
careless, so as to run against and spoil or break things, 
or to spoil a good case, chhong-hong, hurried and 
bustled (v. hong). 

ChllOIlg [R. intelligent], chhong-beng (P.), = 
A. chhang-mia", intelligent. chhong-beng tsai- 
ni n -bok, intelligence and talent are shown by the ap- 
pearance of the ears and eyes, as in fortune-telling, 
chhong-beng tsu-ge 1 , his own genius spoils him, 
as a man who gives up regular study and trusts to his 
talents, or as a man who trusts too much to his own 
wisdom in managing matters, instead of consulting 

ChllOng (R. id.), gluttonous, to eat gluttonously, 
said in scolding, gau-chhong, you glutton ! tham- 
chhong, gluttonous, tham-chhong chia," nge- 
kui, a glutton becomes a hungry ghost, toa-chhong, 
very gluttonous, ai-chhong, do. said in scolding. 
li kah-hiah sde-chhong, why do you eat so little? 
said in scolding a child when it does not eat enough. 

ChllOIlg [R. chhiong, to wound], chhong-chek, 
shortening one's life by vice. 

C-ll llOllg (R. a couch, = col. chhng). sia-chhong- 
tsu, a medicinal plant (Cnidium?). sia-chhong, id. 

ChllOng (C.) bong-chhong, rash and reckless. 
bong-chhong-chhong, id. 

Ch!lOng [R. to make], to repair, to mend ; to 
make up, as false reports. 

chhong-tsun, to repair a boat, chhong-sin, to 
repair till it is as good as new. chhong-khi-sin, 
repair it and renew it. chhong-sin — §, newly 
made, chhong-tso, to make. chhi"-chhong peh- 
chhong, made or managed ill ; done imperfectly; 
made in an untradesmanlike way. chhong-khau, to 
get ready the lots; the others draw them, and the last 
one remains with the man who got them ready. 

chhong chit-e-kia", to buy or adopt a son. 
chhong — e, an adopted son. 

chhong-keng, to deceive by false reports. chh6ng- 
ti (Cn. thong-ti), to play tricks upon; to molest slightly 
or annoy, chhong-su, to cause trouble intentionally, 
often false, chhong-su sa n -loa, to involve others 
(intentionally) in our own faults or troubles, chhong- 
gien tso-gii, to invent lies and false reports. 

ChllU — chhu-chhu, sloping, inclined, with con- 
siderable declivity, as steps off the level, than-chhu, 

94 chhu 

laid down sloping, a good deal off the level, kia-a 
chhu-chhu, the steps (as of an old stone stair) sloping 
very much, so as to be difficult or dangerous to walk on. 
CllllU, to spread out as a mat or coverlet, chhu- 
chhioh, to spread a mat. chhu-phe, to spread out 
a coverlet, chhu-pang, to lay down boards so as to 
make a level surface, as for a bed or for the floor or deck 
of a boat, chhu-lai chhu-khi, to lay such boards, 
moving them back and forwards till they fit and are level. 
ChhU [R. to run fast]; (C. chhi; Cn. chhu). chhu- 
chhong, obsequious, fawning, as a parasite or flatterer. 
chhu-si, to follow the fashion, chhu-si siap-se, 
to follow the fashion, and fawn upon the powerful. 
chhu-kiet pi-hiong, to choose the lucky and avoid 
the unlucky. 

CllllU ( = chhi) ; (Cn. chhu). chham-chhu, con- 
fusedly mixed. 

ChhU (R. id.); (C. chhi; Cn. chhu); animalcules, 
larvas or small insects of such shape in water, toa- 
thau-chhu, a sort with a large head, chhu-thiong, 
small worms in decaying things (v. thiong). hun- 
chhu (Cn. ), =tsui-sau, a small fresh-water insect good 
for feeding fish. 

chhu -her, a figure like a lizard, carved on furniture. 

h&-chhu, to catch larvae and such water-insects with 

a small hand -net. hia-chhu, id. chbu-hia, a net 

on a pole for catching them, chhu-te, the bag of 

such a net. 

Cllhll — beh-chhu, prickly heat, toa-beh- 
chhu, id. 

ChllU [R. male], (C. chhi, Cn. chhu). chhu- 
hiong (R.), male and female (v. hi6ng). 
ChllU (C. ), = chhia, to eat, as white ants. 
child [R a fault, as in a gem], siau-chhu, over 
strict and exact to the very last cash or the most minute 

CllllU (R id.), (Cn. chhu; cf. C. chhi), a stick like 
a pestle for mixing mortar, &c. 

Chilli [R. to take, to select]; (C.chhi). kho-chhu, 
fit to be praised or chosen; commendable; having good 
qualities, bu-it-tiong kho-chhu, having no good 
quality at all. bu-tiong chhu-iu, to make the best 
of a bad lot. 

tsu-chhu-jiok, to get one's self insulted or brought 
to disgrace by one's own folly, chhu-tsoe (R. ), to 
contract guilt (s. adjust). 

chhu-po, to demand security or bail, chhu-siok, 
to redeem ; to ransom. chhim-chhu, to embezzle, 
chhu-keng, to seek out and bring sacred books, as 
from a distant country. chhu-phien, to take a 
secondary wife. 

Chhi'i (Cn.) leng-chhu, =16ng-kher, rather than 
that, better that — . 

CllllU (Cn. ), = A. chhui. chhu-chhii, very small, 
as pimples, pearls, or beads. 

Chilli [R. this, these], chhu-si, now. chhii- 
ji-kim (R.), id. chhu-hien-tsai, id. (v. hien). 
chhu-pe, id. 

chhu-tiong e to-li, the principle of this affair. 
khi-iu chhu-li, how can this be right? khiu-chhii- 
li, id. khiu-chhu cheng-li, id. to-toa" tsai- 
chhu, a Tauist priest lives here, hong-hong to- 
chhu, may the phoenix come here (v. hOng). 

Chilli [R. to dwell, to adjust an affair, by change 
of tone from "chhu," a place], (C. chhf, Cn. chhu), to 
adjust a quarrel, as arbiter, &c. 






chhu-su (C. chhi-si), the term about the 23d of 

ji-ji u-chbut-chhu. every word has good literary 
authority, as in a composition. 

siong-chhu (C. siang-chhi), well acquainted and 
associating with a person, ka-siong-chhu, old friends. 
6e-siong-chhu--tit, fit to be associated with; fit to 
be a friend. ho-siong-chhii, id. phai"-siong- 
chhu, not fit to be made a companion of. 

chh.u-ch.iet, to pay a composition on a debt (v. chiet). 
u-khui-chhu, there is a way open for an amicable 
settlement, by one or more of the parties being willing 
to make reasonable terms, chhu-su, to adjust (or try 
to adjust) a quarrel, dispute, or feud, by a sort of in- 
formal arbitration, chhu-ho, to arbitrate (not like 
our arbitration), in a quarrel, so as to end it. tiau- 
chhu, to adjust an affair, or try to do so, as third par- 
ties, appointed by the parties, but without power to bind 
by their decision, gl-chhu, id. chhu-ti (R.), to 
settle by a judgment, as mandarin, chhu-tsoe (R. ), 
to punish crime (s. take). 

Cllllll [R. a rat, mouse, squirrel, and some other 
animals], (C. chhi, Cn. chhu'). niau-chhu, a rat (v. 
niau). ba-chhu (cats and rats), (v. ba). chhu- 
chhat-a, a thief who steals small things; a pilferer. 
phau-thau chhu-chhoan, to run away terribly 
ashamed (v. chhoan). 

chhu-bang, eyes small and half-closed (as man), 
with eyebrows drawn down, and gen. near-sighted. 
bak-chiu chhu-chhu, id. kau-thau chhu-hi 
(monkey's head and rat's ears), said of a man who is 
very ugly or ill-bred, kau-thau chhu-bin (face), id. 

chhu-be (dragon's tail), a great whirlwind; a water- 
spout at sea. khi-chhu-be, a whirlwind or water- 
spout occurring, chhu-be-hong, a sudden great 
whirlwind, more violent than kng-le-hong. 

chhiah-chhu, a weasel; a clever thief who steals 
small things, tsui-chhu, a water-rat. chhan-chhu, 
a field rat. gun-chhu, a white mouse, hui-chhu, 
an animal that yields a fine fur. chi n -chhu, a sort of 
rat that has such a strong smell that cats don't like to 
catch it. he-chhu, a squirrel, pang he-chhu, to 
set off a sort of squib. 

tek-chhu, a sort of firework that jumps about when 
lighted; a squib, pang tek-chhu, to set off a squib. 

chhil-koe (Cn. ), = A. chhai-koe, a sort of cucumber. 

Chilli [R. tsu, to assemble], chhu-tsoe, to as- 
semble all together at a fixed place; all fully assembled, 
as for a procession. 

chilli, a house, chhu-theh, house and yard; 
houses in general (v. theh). bo-ui-chhu, having no 
place, e.g. no house. 

chhu-lai, wife. chhu-pi n , a neighbour, chhu- 
pi" thau-be, the neighbours on each side, chhu- 
pi n cheng-au, id. ehheng-gun boe-chhu, ban- 
gun boe-chhu-pi n , it is ten times harder to get good 
neighbours than a good house. 

leng-chhu, paper houses burned for the dead. ts6 — 
chhu, an ancestral hall, sip-chhu, sort of shed or 
small house in which coffined corpses are laid till a for- 
tunate grave and day are found, he — chhu, the two 
smaller houses built at the two ends of the principal 
house, separated from it by a narrow court, and facing 
it. chit-keng-chhu, one house, chit-tso-chhu, 
one block of houses, pien-chhu chbut-se, a house 
to let. 

khi-chhu, to build a house, kim-chhu, to forbid 
any one except the family (for superstitious reasons) to 

enter the house, for three, five, or seven days; as after 
the rites of consecrating a new house, or in sickness, 
trig-chhu, the bride going to make a short call at her 
parents' house, on the fourth day after the marriage. 

chhu-tsu, owner of house; landlord, chhu-tien, 
tenant of house, chhu-tat, plan of a house (v. tat). 
chhu-ke, scaffolding for building, chhu-toe, a site 
where an old house had stood, chhu-te (C), id. (s. 
order), chhu-kak, the corner of a house, chhu- 
kak-thau, id. chhu-chit, the ridge of a house (v. 
chit), chhu-koa, the roof, chhu-teng, on the 
roof; the roof, as a place, chhu-teng-be, up on the 

Chilli [R. second, order]. khah-chhu--e, second 
class; of inferior quality, chhu-le — e, id. chhu- 
su, order, chhu-si (C), id. chhu-te, successive 

chit-chhu, once, au-chhu, next time, ser-chhu, 
several times, lui-chhu, often. 

Cllllll (R. id.) chhu-bi, agreeable; pleasant, iu- 
chhu, attractive; taking the fancy, as things, sek- 
chhu, taking the fancy; games of chance played for 
amusement, sometimes including the drinking some 
liquor together to pass the time, chin-sek-chhu, 
very taking to the fancy; very interesting to look at or 
to hear, kan — a sek-chhu, well, indeed it is inter- 
esting or pleasant, tai-ke teh-sek-chhu, they are 
amusing themselves with games of chance, no money, or 
very little, being used, sek-chhu-a, games such as 
chess, or games of chance played for amusement; also 
said by euphemism of other improper amusements (esp. 
gambling or opium), when found at it, "it is only a 
little amusement, not our usual habit." lai sek- 
chhu-a, come and have some amusement, said of 
gambling and opium. 

cllllii [R. to marry a wife, = col. chhoa]. siok- 
chhu, to marry a second wife, as a widower, bi chhu- 
chhe, sien chhu-chhiap, to take a concubine before 
marrying a wife, counted highly improper. 

Chhii — chhi-bu chhi-chhu. whispering. 

Cllhii, to slide; to slip. chhu--16h-khl, to slide 
down a slope, chhu-chhi" (T.), a falling star. 

Chhii (C), = A. chhi, to temper metal in water. 

Chhllh — chhuh— chit -e, to go off without 
much noise, as a bad cracker, or gun with insufficient 
charge, hoe chhuh--chit-e (C. ), make the smoulder- 
ing match blaze by a puff, hoe-chhuh-kong (C. ), 
a small joint of bamboo for extinguishing and keeping 
a match. 

chllllh — chhuh ti-the— nih n , to ground on 
soft mud, as a boat, chhuh ti the-phia", to ground 
on the muddy bank or shore. 

Cllhlli [R. lofty, mountainous], a surname. 

Chhlli (R. id.), to urge; to hasten (active), to dun 
for payment. 

chhui-tia", a second petition sent in to a mandarin, 
when the first has not been effectual; to send in such a 
second complaint or petition, chhui-chiu, to repeat 
the incantations when the spirits have not answered the 
first, chit-chhia" chit-chhui, to invite and after- 
wards to urge strongly to accept. 

chhui-chhiau, to drive a bargain ; to haggle, chhui- 
chhek, do. ; coming gradually to each other's terms (s. 

chbui-tho, to demand urgently the payment of a 
debt, chhui-pek, to urge to do anything very quickly 
(v. pek). chhui-koa n , id. chhui-kin, id. 








chhui-an, to press very urgently. 

chhui-si n -i6h, medicine that assists in parturition. 

Chilli i — chhui-an, to tighten. chhui--si, to 
strangle to death, chhui-oa, to gather, in sewing. 

CllllUl (E. thui, chhui), to calculate, as a date; to 
rub smooth, as plaster. 

chhui -ui (R), to make excuses, as for not doing 
something; to put the blame on another. 

chhui-shg, to calculate mentally, chhui-chhut, 
to draw an inference; to infer, chhui kah-chi, to 
calculate the cyclical characters, as for a day. chhui 
ni"-ko, to calculate the cyclical characters for a year, 
chhui-lai chhui-khi, to calculate minutely, as a 
lucky day. chhui-lai chhui-khi, bo hit-ho-jit, 
though calculating back and forwards cannot find a good 
day. chhui-chhek (R. ), to consider carefully (s. urge). 

chhui-tsun, to make a man (by common consent) 
the chief person in a company; to give the place of honour 
to a man. 

chhui-piah, to rub plaster smooth with a smooth 
stone, but not so smooth as "ge. " 

Clllllii (Cn. chhu). chhiii-chhui, very small, as 
pimples, beads, pearls, &c. hoat-liap chhui-chhui, 
to have an eruption of numerous small boils or pimples. 

Clllllii [R. to investigate; to feel about], chhui- 
mo (11.), to investigate, as from many facts or books. 
chhui-beng (R. ), to think out clearly, as meaning of 
a book, chhui-tok (R.), to draw inferences from evi- 

Clllllii (R. id.) chhi n -chhui, green, chhui- 
lam, bright light-blue, hui-chhui, a bird with bril- 
liant blue feathers, hui-chhui-gek, a greenish -blue 
sort of jade, chhui-joan, the finest feathers of the 
hui-chhui (used forfemales' head-dress), chhui-chiau- 
mhg-hoe, artificial feather flowers. 

clllllii, the mouth; the edge, as of a knife; a 

chit-chhui-a, a small quantity, as of food, kui- 
na-chhui, several mouthfuls. 

hong-chhui, the edges of paper where it is pasted 
up. hong-chhui, a pimple, bang-chhui, mark of 
mosquito bite, siu-chhui, the edges of a wound closed 
up. kap-chhui, joint of two boards; seam in dress. 

chiau-chhui, a bird's beak; the bow of a junk (v. 
ehiau). koe-chhui, a T-headed pin for fastening ropes. 
ah-bu-chhui, a duck's bill; a small hook worn on the 
dress for carrying small things (v. ah). 

phang-chhui, the rope that fastens the lower end 
of the sail to the mast, poh-chhui, the splice of an 
oar (s. scold), boe-boe-chhui, deceitful (traders) 
mouth; two bowls placed mouth to mouth, but not 
exactly meeting; the leaves of a two-leaved door laid 
to, but not shut, khoah-chhui, a pick-axe. kia- 
chhui (C), id. chiam-chhui (P.), id. 

hun-chhe-chhui, the mouth-piece of a pipe, te- 
koan-chhui, mouth of tea-pot. to-chhui, edge of 
sword or knife. 

thau-chhui, mouths in a family, kiii-e thau- 
chhui, how many mouths are there in the family ? 
boe-b^r boe-kia", chio-thau-chhui, sell wife and 
children so as to have fewer mouths to feed (said in 
joke), ho-thau-chhui, good at using the regular 
conventional phrases on meeting people; making profit- 
able voyages, as vessel sailing well without damage. 

phi"-bak-chhui (nose, eyes, mouth), the features 
in general, chhui - chih, mouth and tongue; the 
mouth in general (v. chih). khiu-chhui, to pout the 

lips, chhui-khi, the teeth (v. khi). chhui-chhiu, 
the beard, whiskers, &c. (v. chliiu). chhui-phoe, the 
cheek, chhui-tun, the lips (v. tun), chhui-kak, 
the corners of the mouth, chhui-khang, the orifice 
of the mouth (v. "that," to shut up), chhui-khau, 
the mouth (v. khdu). 

phah chhui-ker, to talk idle talk (as if mouth like 
a "drum"), koat chhui-ker. to slap a child's cheek 
(said ki scolding), sai chhui-chhok, to make a signal 
by a slight change of the mouth. 

chhui-e-tau, the chin, toa-chhui-tau, asking 
a very large sum, as for managing an affair, phai"- 
chhui-tau, scolding or cursing with vile language; 
foul-mouthed, chho- chhui ia-tau, id. phai"- 
chhui-phi n , id. chhui-thau, the mouth (figura- 
tively), chhui-thau khin, willing to take a low 
price, chhui-thau giam-ngi", doggedly refusing 
to make up a quarrel. sa n -tak-ehhui, having a slight 
altercation (v. tak). poh-chhui, two persons begin- 
ning to scold; slight angry altercation. kiu n -chhui, 
very doggedly refusing to admit an undeniable mistake 
or fault. sia n -chhui, said of a man whose guesses as 
to the future come true, si-chhui, unable to reply (v. 
si), chhui tsoe, talkative, chhui bat, cautious in 
speaking, chhui li-hai, good at talking over and de- 
ceiving people, ho-chhui, speaking so as to please 
the hearer; speaking kindly so as to avoid irritating. 
ho-chhui-sui, good at polite or flattering talk (v. siii). 
u-chhui-hoe, good at speaking politely to those we 
meet, kau-chhui-hoe, full of flattering or pleasant 
ingratiating talk. 

kio-chhui, a young servant (boy or girl) kept for 
messages and small bits of work (v. ki6). sa n -tui- 
chhui, the parties themselves arranging a matter with- 
out using any go-between or middleman, tui-chhui 
in--i, answering him at once, m-si i--e tui-chhui, 
unable to contend with him in arguing, disputing, 
bickering, or scolding, gau-in-chhui, fond of answer- 
ing again, as an impudent servant to master, chhap- 
chhui, to take part in a conversation with which we 
have no concern (s. broker), chhut-chhui, to be 
spoken out, as a proposal or order (v. chhut). than- 
chhui, to accept a price or condition offered (v. than). 
thia" i-e-chhui, to follow what he says, te-chhui- 
be, to repeat a teacher's words in learning; to repeat a 
man's words, as in ridicule or pretending to obey. 

khui-chhui, to begin to speak of a matter; to make 
the first proposal of a price, khui-chhui-thia", an 
open central hall with no partition to separate it from 
the court in front. 

chit-chhui siang-thau-chhut, said of a tale- 
bearer or great talker of scandal, chit-chhui peh- 
chhat, all he says is false, ko chit-ki-chhui, to 
have nothing to rely upon but one's own power of talk 
and strength of assertion, as a man who has neither 
truth nor influence on his side. tiu n chit-ki-chhui, 
id. ; all mere talk. 

chhui-ta, thirsty, chhui peh, having a bad appe- 
tite, as child, or as man long unwell, chhui siap, 
having a bad taste in mouth and disinclined to eat, as 
man slightly unwell, chhui pho, do. slightly, lun- 
chhui, to refrain from eating a thing for fear of sick- 
ness, kim-chhui, to forbid indiscriminate eating or 
certain sorts of food, as in sickness. chhi"-chhui, to 
give an appetite, as a relish. 

Clllllii (R. id.), broken to shivers; in small quan- 
tities; by retail, chhui-chhui, id. 

lan-chhui, miscellaneous, lui-chhui, id. chhui- 






chhui-boe, to sell in small quantities by retail, boe- 
chhui-ho (Cn.), to sell miscellaneous goods, as general 
store or shop. 

chho-chhui, miscellaneous; difficult to set right, as 
affair needing much disputing (v. chh6). so-chhui 
(T. ), troublesome to deal with, as affair; much weari- 
some discussion, = A. ehh6-chhui. 

th.iab.-chh.ui, to tear to pieces, chhui-bi, broken 
rice (v. bi). 

chhui-bang-bang, broken very small, chhui- 
sap-sap, id. chhui-ioh-ioh, id. sa", thiah kau 
chhui-ioh-ioh, clothes torn to tatters, chhui-iam- 
iam, broken down small. chhui-k&-ke\ id. sim- 
koa" chhui-iap-iap, the mind very anxious about 
many matters. 

gun-chhui, broken dollars, chhui-gun, id. hun- 
chhui, broken bits of face-powder. i6n-chhui, broken 
bits of raw bird-nest, pe"-chhui, cuttings of cloth, 
chhun koa" per-chhui, a few cuttings of the cloth 

chham - chhui, mixed in confusion or disorder, 
chhap-chhui e seng-li, a miscellaneous small busi- 
ness (v. chhap). tsap-ehhui e-seng-li, id. 

Chhlli" (C. ), = A. chhng, to press into a hole. 

Cllliui" (C), = A. chhng, a village. 

Chhui" (C.) kha-chhui n , = A. kha-chhng, the 
posteriors; wrong side of paper, &c. 

Chhili" (Cn.), =A. chheng, a thousand. 

Chhiii" (Cn.) chhui n -mia n , = A. chhi"-mia", the 
feast of tombs. 

Chhui" (Cn.), = A. chh6ng, the silk-worm. 

Cllhlii" (C), = A. chhng, to suck in the mouth. 
chhui"-chhiah, too minute and particular about work, 
&c. , done for us, so as to cause much trouble to people. 

Clllllii 11 (Cn.), = A. chWng, to dust; a brush. 

Chhili" (C. ), = A. chhng, to rush in hurriedly; to 
string things; (more than one word). 

Cllhlin (R. id.), spring; (sexual appetite), ehhun- 
thi n , spring, chbun-hun, the vernal equinox, lip- 
chhun, the beginning of spring, about 4th of February. 
jip-chbun, id. chiu"-chhun, in the beginning of 
spring, sin-chhun. early days of spring, ho-sin- 
cbhun, to make the New-year's congratulations. 
chhia n -chhun-chiu, to invite to a New-year's feast. 
ngia"- chhun, rites on the festival of lip -chhun. 
chhun-gu, the earthen cow used at these rites (v. gu). 
u siang-chhun, having that festival twice in one 
year, as year with intercalary month. sio-iong- 
chhun, a false spring in winter. 

chhun-leng, the general sort of weather in spring 
(v. leng). chhun-her, spring rains, chhun koa", 
he" na"-tsoa°, when it is cold in spring, the rain 
comes in torrents. chhun-im (R.), the cold dark 
weather (more or less rainy), common in spring, chhun- 
hong, spring winds, khah-chhun-hong, looking 
better off; now at leisure and free from care, as a man 
when his work is done. moa"-bin chhun-hong, 
face having the look of good health and comfortable 
circumstances; pleasant appearance, as of man in pros- 
perous condition, chhun-ui (R ), the examinations 
of the Tsln-sze degree. 

ui- chhun -kiong, to draw lascivious pictures, 
chhun-hng, medicine nsed to give strength for las- 
civious pleasure, chhun-sim tang, person (male or 
female) longing for sexual gratification, su-chhun 
(R.), female desiring sexual intercourse. 

chheng - chhun - si, time of early youth, about 

20. tsap-poeh jih-ji, chheng-chhun siau-lien- 

si, about 18 years of age to 22, the bright spring season 
of life. 

thau-chhun e-te, tea of the first crop, thau- 
tsui-chhun, id. 

chhun-chhiu, one of the five classics (v. chhiu). 
chhun-he chhiu-tang, the four seasons, thien- 
su peng-an hok ; jin-geng hu-kui-chhun. 
Heaven gives peace and happiness, men receive the 
spring time of wealth and honour. 

chhun-tiu, a silk stuff (v. tiu). tiu-chhun, a 
beautiful red flower, like a rose, tiu-chhun-hoe, id. 
ban-lien-chhun, Ficus Afzelii. jit-jit-chhun, a 
flower that blossoms all the year round, has a red 
tubular corolla. 

CllllUn (R. id.) ien-chhun, a quail, phah 
ien-chhun, to make quails fight; to gamble with 
quails, liah ien-chhun, to hold fighting quails in 
the hand, in training and feeding them, ien-chhun- 
t§, a bag for keeping fighting quails, ien-chhun- 
khoan, a tub for them fighting in. ien-chhun- 
khoan, id. 

ChllUll, surplus; remainder; to remain over, as a 
balance, chhun-chi", cash over; balance remaining, 
khah-chhun-chhoa, accumulating a little money. 
chhun-tiong, accumulating, as wealth, esp. as money 
at interest, chhun-tiig, id. sa"-pun, chiah u- 
chhun ; sa"-chhiu n , chiah bo-hun, in a dispute, 
each should yield a little to others, or none will have 

Chhun (R. sin), ( = chhng), to stretch out; to 
stretch; to straighten, chhun-chhiu, to stretch out the 
hand (v. chhiii). chhun -tit, to stretch out straight, 
chhun-un, to stretch one's self, as when tired or 
slightly unwell (v. un). chhun-kha, the wings of a 
large house facing the court on each side, in the same 
line with the h&--chhu, but lower. 

chhun--cheh kiu--cheh, almost doing the thing 
and then drawing back ; very irresolute, chhun — 
chit--e, kiu--chit-e, id. boe-chhun boe-kiu, 
neither able to stretch out or draw in, as a palsied man. 

CllllUn (Cn.) chhun-tin, = A. chhoan-tln, to 
send out suckers, as a plant. 

ChllUll, to inform a superior or a friend of what we 
mean to do. sa"- chhun, to treat each other with 
politeness, esp. each declining what the other offers, or 
by consulting on an intended action, tsun-chhun, 
to inform a superior or friend before doing some action. 
chhun-keng, to show respect to, as a superior or 
friend, as by making presents, or by respectfully con- 
sulting on what we mean to do. sa"-chhun-keng. 
id. toa, chhun-toa; soe, chhun-soe. to consult 
with others (higher or lower) instead of acting of our 
own sole purpose. 

Chhun [R. tsun, to remain over, to continue]. 
chhun liong-sim, to obey conscience, as in the treat- 
ment of others, u-chhun-i, to have a long cherished 
desire or fixed purpose secretly in the heart only waiting 
for an opportunity, e.g. determined to have a great feud 
on any small occasion when a convenient time comes, 
u-chhun-tso-i, id. 

bo-chhun beh-ho, you do not think of right con- 
duct or amendment, bo-chhun-pan, without any 
previous thought about it, as something coming unex- 
pectedly, bo-chhun-pan beh-khi, having had no 
idea of going, but suddenly having to go. 

bo-chhun tsu-ker, to treat a friend or customer 








« hlnK 



ill (as for some small temporary gain), so as to lose his 
custom or friendship, chhun au-pe\ to keep some- 
thing in reserve for the future, as money, strength, 
power, or influence, not using them to the utmost, or 
keeping our purpose secret, so as to be able to change if 
desirable, or having another plan in reserve; not too 
much committed to one plan or party. ehhfin chit- 
e au-per, id. bo-chhun au-pe, not taking due 
care for the future, not making preparation for possible 
emergencies; taking an apparent present good and so 
losing what is far better; e.g. charging too dear and so 
losing a customer entirely, bo-chhun au-lai e-tai- 
chi, id. bo-chbun-au, id. bo-chhun kau-au- 
lai. id. bo-chhun au-trig, id. 

ClllllIIl [R. contrary], beng-tff to-chhun, my 
fate is very bad; I am fated to misfortune. 

ClllllIIl (R. id.) gu-chhiin, stupid, chhiin- 
pun. awkward and vulgar (v. pun). 

ClllllIIl [R, to consider], chhun -tok (R), to 
examine into the thoughts and purposes of one's self or 
of others. 

<* [ill II IS (R. id.), an inch; the Chinese inch, one- 
tenth of a Chinese foot, therefore larger than the British 

chhun-ji, one inch and two-tenths, chhek-chhun 
put-i, quite correct; not needing to be changed at all. 
chhun-chhioh, inches and feet, bo-chhun-chhioh, 
making a thing carelessly, different from pattern or 
quite out of proportion, or wasting the material, bo- 
hun-chhun (lit. not by inches and tenths), making no 
proper measurement or examination; careless or in- 
accurate in doing things. 

chhun -per lan-heng (can hardly go one inch 
more), walking very slowly and with difficulty. 

sa n -chhun-khui-thg, to expire, in allusion to the 
length of the throat, chit-chhun-a-jit, a very short 
time, allusion to the shadow cast by the sun on the 
ground, chit-chhun-a e jit-ia", id. koh chit- 
chhun-a-jit, after a very short time, khiam chit- 
chhun-a-jit, it wants a few moments, it-chhun 
kong-im, it-cbhtun-kim, a moment of time is an 
inch of gold. 

lak-chhun-a, thick tiles six inches (about seven 
English) broad, chhun-kim-tso, a confection. 

phah-chhun, a game (tipcat) played by striking a 
small shuttle-shaped bit of wood on the end, so that it 
leaps away, chhun-chi, the cat, or small stick, thus 
struck, chhun-ko, the longer stick by which it is 
struck; the bat. 

4'llIlllH, to pinch with the fingers. 

Hi lllll (R. id.), an act of a play; one of the suc- 
cessive acts of offering in the rites called "chi6." chhut- 
thau, id. (s. go out), hi-chhut, an act of a play. 
chit-chhut-hi, one act of a play, tiah-chhut, to 
select a play, khe'- chhut, a tragedy, chham- 
chhut, id. hoa-chhut, a lascivious play, sia- 
chhut, id. poa"-sia-chhut, to play a lascivious play. 

cllllUt (R id.), to go out; to issue; to come or go 
out from; to go out to; to come out to; to give out; to 
produce; to be produced; to have some diseases that 
make special marks on skin; to offer a price, as buyer; 
to be more than — . 

chhut-jip, to go in and out (v. jip). chhut--lai, 
to come out. chhut--khl, to go out. chhut-khi, 
to lose the auspicious influence, as a grave (v. khl). 
chhut-lang, to supply labour, self or others, chhut- 
lang, to suppurate, chhut-ke, to be married, as a 

virgin, chhut-ke, to offer a price, as the buyer (v. 
ke, price), chhut-kim, to produce gold, chhut- 
kim, the helm getting out of gear, chhut-chi", to 
give out or offer money, esp. copper cash, chhut-chi", 
to have projecting eaves, as a house. 

chhut-tang, rather more than the weight, e.g. one 
or two per cent, chhut-tsap, days of moon from the 
11th to about the 14th. chhut-jih, days of moon from 
21st onwards. 

chhut-ki, very strange, chhut-siu, to have a crop 
better than the average, chhut-chiong chhiau- 
kun (R. ), to surpass others, as in talent, &c. khah- 
chhut-tioh, excelling other persons or things, chhut- 
mia", famous, chhut-thau, to become distinguished; 
to get office; to undertake or assume responsibility, 
chhut-sin, to attain to rank, office, or wealth; to act 
as head in a dangerous matter (v. sin), chhut-su, to 
become a mandarin, chhut-kong, to become a gra- 
duate of the title "k&ng-seng. " 

chhut-sin, to come forward to the trial, as a party 
in a case, chhut-sim, id. chhut-se - , to come for- 
ward and enter a formal answer to an accusation, chhut- 
siu, to give information against a man (v. siu). chhut- 
kho, to go to the examinations, chhut-kun, to go 
to war, as soldiers or mandarins, chhut-chien, to go 
out to battle, chhut-sau, to go out to attack pirates. 
chhut-tin, to go to battle; to go out in procession; to 
march in rank and file. 

chhut-hai, a supercargo, chhut-tsui, to take 
goods from the warehouse to the vessel ; to repolish a stone 
with a dull surface; water coming out (v. tsiii). chhut- 
tsun, to start in a vessel for a long voyage, chhut- 
goa, to go from home, esp. to live a while. sa n -chhut- 
1&, to miss each other on the road, chhut-le teh- 
toa — e, things we take with us when we go from home, 
chhut-koe, to go to market. chhut-iu n , to go to 
sea, as mandarins after pirates, chhut-soa", to bury, 
chhut-tsoe, to be banished or transported. 

chhut-sl, to be born. tek-chhut--e, born of the 
principal wife, su-chhut — e, born of an inferior wife, 
chhut-un, to get out of an unlucky period of life into 
a lucky one. 

chhut-hien, to become manifest; to appear plainly, 
hien-chhut, to manifest, chhut-phoa, to become 
known, as a secret, chhut-hi, to begin a play. 

hoat-chhut, to produce; to give forth; to grow, as 
buds, chhui-chhut, to draw an inference, siu"- 
chhut, to think out. khoa"-chhut, to discover or 
perceive by looking at. khoa"-m-chhut, cannot 
make it out. 

chhut-siau, to lend or sell on credit. chhut-tse\ 
advertised for lease, as a house to let. chhut-se, id. 
chhut-tien, to be in the market for mortgage, as a 

chhut-ke, to become a Buddhist priest, monk, or 
nun. chhut-ke, to be married, as a virgin, chhut- 
kui, id. ji-chhut-lang, a woman married a second 
time. jl-chhut--e, id. chhut-su, to give a child 
to another man to be adopted. 

chhut-chhui, to be said by one's mouth, as an order 
or advice, or the first proposing of a matter. 6e kong- 
chhut-chhui, the word has been spoken and cannot 
now be recalled, chhut-chhui u-ji, to use a great 
many book-phrases in conversation. 

chhut hi-khang, to be very attentive, seng- 
chbut-chhiu, to be the first to do a violent act with 
one's hand, as in plundering or in beginning a quarrel, 
chhut - kha chhut - chhiii, restless, as a child. 



chhut-lat, to exert strength (v. lat). chhut-kang, 
to furnish labour or labourers. chhut-sia", to call 
out loud. 

chhut-kiong, to go to stool, chhut-mfig, to go 
out of the house for a longer or shorter time (v. mng). 
chhut-heng, to go out of the house on a lucky day 
(v. hthig). chhut-chhu, to go out of a house, chhut- 
kio, to alight from a sedan, chhut-kau, to leave a 
religion; to apostatize, chhvit-6h, to go out of the 
school-room; to get out of the jurisdiction of the "16- 
su," by becoming a high graduate. 

chhut-ke, to offer a price, as buyer (v. ke). chhut 
ji-tsap, to offer twenty (e.g. cash), as the price or 
wages, chhut — i joa-tsoe, how much was he offered? 
chhut-tu, to lay stakes (t. tu). 

chhut -ji, to give or issue a formal document, esp. 
deed of sale for land or slave, chhut pin-ku, to pro- 
duce proof, chhut ko-si, to issue a proclamation, 
chhut-phio, to issue a warrant. 

chhut-pun, to invest capital (v. pun), chhut- 
hiong, to pay soldier's pay. chhut chi n -n.iu n , id. 
chhut-guri, to pay money; to produce silver, chhut- 

he, to bring out goods, as from vessel or from ware- 
house (v. he), ti-si beh.-lai-chh.ut, when will you 
take delivery of your goods? as from ship or hong. 

chhut - jin -but, to produce distinguished men. 
chhut-chhat, to produce robbers or pirates, as a place. 
chhut ho-kia"-sun, to have good descendants. 

chhut-sek, the good colour coming out beautifully, 
as in painting or dyeing, chhut-bl, giving a good 
taste, as meat well cooked, chhut-koa", to perspire 
by a medical application; to become damp, as a rock or 
wall in the south wind. 

chhut-kheng, a rainbow appearing, chhut-jit, 
sunrise; sun breaking out from among clouds, chhut- 
geh, moon rising or appearing from among clouds. 
geh chhut, id. 

chhut-tsu, to take small-pox. chhut-hong, id. 
chhut-chhin-chhi", id. chhut-phiah, to take 
measles, chhut-pan, to take a very severe fever like 
typhus, chhut-tan, another dangerous fever. 

CllllWci, chhwa", chhwah,chhwan,chhwang, 
in several tones; better, chhoa, chhoa", chhoah, chhoan, 
chhoang, &c. (q.v.) 



Some words with initial 1 are sometimes heard with an 
initial d, or a sound very like it, so that names begin- 
ning in English with d are often imitated by the Chinese 
by initial 1. 

Cl£, sometimes heard after final t, = 6, the sign of the 

hit— de, = hit— 6, that, hid— de, id. chit— de, 
= chit--S, this. chid — de, id. chit-de, = chit-e, 

d.Z, sometimes heard (T. Cn.) in place of j in the 
lower series of tones, e.g. dzoah (T.), =joah, hot. 
dztt (Cn. T.), =ju, tsii, in some cases. 






C (C. oe), a small earthen or metal pot. e-a, id. 
hui-e, a small earthen pot. te-e, small earthen tea- 
kettle, chiu-te-e, a sort of wine-jug. toa-e, a large 
earthen pot for boiling water, tim-e-a, a small earthen 
vessel for putting in an outer vessel of boiling water for 
stewing, e-koa, lid of a small earthen pot. 

tang-e, a small brass pot. si"-e, a small pot of 
pot-metal, loan-e, a brass or pewter vessel for keeping 
food warm by burning charcoal put inside, joan-e, id. 

e ( = o), (Cn. 6). tang-e-chhai, parsley. 

e (C. oe). e-chhai, lettuce. 

e (B. oe). e-hoan, Japanese, ok kau na n -e— 
nih n , as violent and cruel as a Japanese. 

C, an interjection, e — lah, exclamation of men 
working together, as at a heavy pull or lift, answering 
to "o-lah," the call of the leader. 

G (T. 6). e-le, very troublesome, fretful, and frac- 
tious, as a young child, e-e le-le, id. 

C (C), = A. oe, to jostle; to turn a mill. 

e [R. ki, he, she, it], (Cn. g£), sign of the genitive; 
final particle, forming adjectives out of nouns, or bind- 
ing several words into a single term; a general classifier, 
which may be applied very widely ; most properly used as 
classifier of men and cash; sometimes, after final t, be- 
comes le, dS, or k&; often enclitic. 

goa-e, my, mine, i-e, his. lang-e-kha, a man's 

kim — e, golden, ho — e, a good one; some good 
article, tsong — e, of same surname, but not a relative. 

hit— e, that. chit--e, this, chit-e, one. chit- 
poa"-e-a, scarcely any. bo-poa n -e (not half a one), 
none at all. 

£ [R. btog, dark; night, =col. mi n ], (C. e). e-hng, 
evening. £-hui n (C), id. 

6 (C), =A. 6e, a shoe, e-te, = A. 6e-toe, the sole 
of a shoe, e-te-hi, = thoah-se, the sole (fish). 

6 (R. 4), (C. £, Cn. e-, ek). e-kau, dumb (v. k4u). 
e-sia n , indistinct, broken, or hoarse voice, as from sick- 
ness, or from weeping or long talking, khau kau e- 
sia n , hoarse with weeping and sobbing, gun-sia" e- 
e, the dollar has a bad sound, as a cracked dollar or one 
of inferior silver. 

<^ — e-e, sound used in ordering, as scolding chil- 
dren. 6-6 rh-thang-hau, don't cry there ! 

^ (C), = A. 6e, short in stature. 

C (R. id.), (C. 1), a white film that forms in the eye 
(amaurosis?), khi-e, to have this disease of the eye. 
chhiu n -e, id. 

e [R, 6e, to defile, filthy], (Cn. S). e— tioh-lSng, 
to infect, e-la-sam, to make very dirty and trouble- 



m £? 







some to clean, as by filth or water, e-se, to make a 
litter, as by bits of paper, wood shavings, &c. (v. se). 

e-er, to be unclean, filthy; to defile (in a superstitious 
sense). e-er thi n -toe, to offend against the purity of 
heaven and earth, as by leaving a corpse unburied on 
the ground, e-er sin-beng, to defile the sanctity of 
the gods, as by some impure act or exposure in their 
presence, or as a Buddhist priest taking a wife. 

6 (R. id.), (C. 1). h«r-e, posterity; descendants. 
hio-e (Cn.), id. 

e — siok ta-16h chit— § phai-e, to which 
branch of the family or clan do you (or does he) belong? 

€ (R. ha), (C. e), below; after; classifier of blows; (an 
occasion; a plan), one of the musical notes. 

teng-e, above and below, teng-e-jit, on one or 
other of two or three successive days. thi n -teng toe- 
e, heaven above and earth below. soa"-teng hai-e, 
on land or on sea (or river) (v. hai). 

hai-e, on sea or on a river. thi n -e, under heaven; 
all under heaven; the Chinese empire. hiu n -e, among 
the villages. 

e-toe, below, toe-e, id. e-thau, id. e-bln, id.; 
the lower surface or side, e-kha, the lower part, e- 
sin, the lower part of one's body; lower down, as a place. 
e-si, on the southern side, on the lee side, &c. (v. si). 
lau-e, the ground-floor. e-16h, the front division of 
a house, e-chio, a building right opposite the prin- 
cipal house, but lower down, e-kim, the lower sup- 
port of the helm, bak-e, at present, bak-e e-lang, 
the men of this time. 

e-si, inferior officials (v. si), e-chhiu, dependants, 
inferiors, assistants, chhiu-e, id. 

e-per, the afternoon, e-pai, next time, e-tang, 
the second rice harvest; latter part of year. e-ni n , the 
year following; a following year, e-geh, next month. 
e-chit-geh, one month afterwards, e-jit, a day after; 
four or five days after, e-chit-jit, one day after, e- 
pun, the next volume. 

chit-e, one blow, phah-chit-e, to strike once. 
chit-e-khoa n --ki", at one glance, tsoe- chit-e, 
making one lot; all at once; all in one. pun tsoe- 
kui-na-e kia, send it in several successive lots or 

cheng-e, a former occasion, toa-e, exceedingly — ; 
very abundantly. sa n -e-toa, thrice as large. 

e-siau, a plan; a contrivance, as regards its advant- 
age or otherwise, e-sui (C), id. ho-e-siau, it is a 
good plan or state of matters; it can be managed in this 
way. phai n -e-siau, it cannot be so done or will go 
wrong; no way of managing it well, bo-e-siau, id. 
phai"-e, very awkward and inconvenient, as a bad mis- 
take, or as a man failing to pay what was counted upon; 
state of matters making one feel quite ashamed, e.g. 
some one coming on us in undress, chin phai n -e 
(esp. Cn.), matters in a very bad state. 

6 [R. ha, a mansion], e-mfig, Amoy. e-mui" 
(C), id. e-mng-soa n , the island of Amoy. 

e (R. ho), tsai-e, calamity (v. tsai). e-toan, a 
matter that breeds troubles, e-kau, when calamity 
comes, e-lai, id. jia-e, to bring calamity on one's 
self, khi-e, id. gin-na khi toa-lang-e, quarrels 
begun by boys involve old men. 

e ( = le). hau-e-e, to chirp, as a cicada. 

6 (C), = A. oe, able. 

£ n (R. eng), (T. i°). e n -a (Cn. so'e-ka n ), an infant. 
u-e n -a, to be pregnant, tsa-be^-e", you little girl. 

£" (R. eng), (T. i n ). e n -e n -hau, sound of an infant 

£ n [R. ha, below], ( = e n ), one of the Chinese musical 

£ n (C), = A. i n . chhan-e", a dragon-fly. 

£ n [R. eng, a hero], (C), = A. i n , colloquial form of 
the proper name "eng." 

£ n (C. ), = A. i n , a beam; a rafter. 

£ n [R. ha, below], ( = e n , e), one of the Chinese musi- 
cal notes. 

eh [R. lek, C. (R.) ek, a narrow pass, calamity], (C. 
eh), tsai-eh, calamities (v. tsai). khe^-eh, id. eh- 
un, an unlucky period of one's life, u-eh-un, to be 
very unfortunate, tsoa-siong he-eh. thi n -t6e-ser, 
injuries by snakes and tigers are decreed by heaven and 

ell (C. eh, T. Cn. oh), (cf. uh). phah-eh, to hic- 
cup; to belch. ki n -kui phah-eh, to hiccup from 
eating too fast or too much, phah chhau-sng-eh, 
to belch, leaving a sour taste, or bringing up a little 
sour bad-smelling stuff, phah chhiah-sng-eh, id. 

eh-sng, to bring up a little sour or acid stuff, eh- 
tsiii, to bring up a little watery stuff. 

kher-eh, to hiccup, kher-sai-eh, to hiccup; of a 
child only. 

the^-eh, to belch; done politely, as an indication of 
having eaten enough. in-6h (Cn.), id. bo-chiah, 
ke th6-6h; bo-chheng, ke chhiau-cheh (T.), 
though not having eaten, yet belching as if full ; though 
with almost no clothes, yet putting on a comfortable 
pleased appearance. 

£11 (T. eh n ), exclamation of surprise at something 

61l (C. 6eh, Cn. oh), khng-eh, small chaff or 
coarse bran of rice, coarser than " bi-khng". 

te-eh, small broken bits of tea-leaves, hi-pe^-eh, 
refuse and small fragments of dried fish. 

ell (cf. aih n , ut). kau-eh, uncomfortable feeling, 
as from much dirt on the skin or dirty clothes; uncom- 
fortable, murmuring, discontented feeling, ai - eh, 
grieved and murmuring internally, au-eh, displeased 
or discontented unhappy state of mind ; discontented or 
displeased look; full of superstitious fears from some 
bad omen. 

eh (C), =A. 6eh, narrow, eh-teh, id. 

ell (C.) phah-eh, = phah-eh (also C), to belch or 

£ll n (T.), = A. eh, interjection of surprise. 

£ll n , to make a slight sound, as an infant on awaking. 

ek [R. to force, grieved, = col. ah], ut-ek, much 
vexed and grieved, ek-lek, to compel. 

ek [R. to increase, to benefit, =col. iah]. li-ek, 
benefit; profit; advantage; to benefit; to do good to. 
u-li-ek, beneficial; useful; advantageous, bo-li-ek, 
of no use; useless, bu-ek, id. iu-ek, advantageous; 
beneficial, iu-sun bu-ek, both useless and positively 
injurious, chin-ek, to make progress in literary ex- 
cellence, ek-bu-oan, pills used for women shortly 
after confinement. 

ek (R. id.) ek— chhut-lai, to spill over, as water; 
too full; to make a sudden sally or sudden attack, ek- 
lai ek-khi, to spill (as water), by shaking back and 
forwards; to surge back and forwards, as a battle, or as 
a crowd, or as waves, ek-ke-lai ek-ke-khl, to surge 











back and forwards, as crowd or battle, ek-lin, to let 
milk drop down, as child in sucking. 
Ck (Cn. ) ek-kau, =A. 6-kau, dumb. 
ek (R. id.), (C. iah, Cn. hek). un-ek, pestilence; 
epidemic, un-ek-pi", id. un-ek-kbi, miasma; pes- 
tilential influence, un-ek-kui, demons that cause 
pestilence, un-ek-kui cbbut-lai-ia, the demons 
come out scattering the seeds of pestilence, khu-sia 
tiok-ek, to expel the evil influence that causes pes- 

Ok [R. secretions], bo-cbin-ek, wanting moisture 
in throat and mouth, as when slightly feverish, u-cbin- 
ek, having sufficient moisture in the mouth, so that the 
voice is good. 

ek [R. a wing, = col. sit], tso-iu-ek (R.), the 
wings of an army, ek-tiu n , an assistant on the general's 
staff for consultation on plans. 

ek (R. id. ) boan-ek, to interpret. 
ek [R. to change], i-ek, to alter, keng-ek, id. 
tbiet-pan put-ek, fixed so as not to be changed (as 
if on iron plates), as purpose or orders, kau-ek (R.), 
to buy and sell. 

chiu-ek, the Yih-king, =iih-keng. 
ek (R. id.) ek-ji-tbau, the 56th radical. 
ek (R. i6k), (Cn. hek, ek). soe-ek, to bathe by 
throwing water over the body, tsang-ek, id. ek- 
ti, a bath; a bath-room, bok-ek-teng, a paper im- 
itation bath-room, used in the rites of "khia-ha/' for 
worshipping the recently deceased. 

ek (P.), = A. iok in some words, e.g. lust. 
eng [R. hero, excellent], a surname, eng-biong, 
a hero, cheng-eng, lively; intelligent, bo-cbeng- 
eng. dull; wearied; having a spiritless look. 

tai-eng-kok, Britain. eng-kiet-li(r.), id. eng- 
le (Cn. ), id. 

kim-eng, the large single white rose, kim-eng- 
ko, a black extract from its fruit, used as a medicine, 
and for adulterating opium. 

eng — su-eng, the small white jessamine. 
eilg [R. a vase or jar], eng-sek-boe, the poppy 
(v. sek). 

eng — eng-tbo, a large red fruit (v. th6). 
dig [R. an infant, = col. e n ]. iok-eng-tong, a 
foundling hospital, eng-ji (R. ), an infant. 

eng (R. id.) eng-kai, ought, should (v. kai). 
eng (R. iong), (C. iong), an abscess, carbuncle, or 
large boil in any place where there are large muscles or 
sinews; applied also to fistula, &c. eng-a, id. lin- 
eng, abscess or cancer in female breast, leng-eng, 
id. cbe-be-eng, a large boil or abscess about the 
division of the legs, kbia-be-eng, id. pbang-siu- 
eng, a large carbuncle or boil opening in many places, 
esp. on inside of arm or thigh, sien-eng, abscess in 
the scrotum, tff-tsai-eng, boil near the navel. t&- 
eng, an abscess in a fleshy part, kun-eng, a boil 
where the muscles are strong, as on the neck or near a 

eng-lau, fistula in the anus. 

eng, flying dust; dust getting into the eyes, or on 
furniture, &c. eng-ia, id. eng-eng, all dusty. 
eng — kbi-lai, dust rising and flying about, eng 
kau-an-ni", so very dusty, bak-cbiu eng, dust 
got into the eye. eng--tiob bak-cbiu, id. bak- 
cbiu eng-tidb-soa, sand getting into the eye. eng 
i-e-bin, dust blowing in his face, soa eng — lai, 
sand blown in clouds, pbong-pbong-eng, flying 


about in great quantities, as dust. eng-pbong- 
pbong, id. eng pbong-pb6ng, id. pbu-pbu- 
eng, id. 

eilg [R. parrot], eng-bu, a parrot, eng-ko, id. 
(s. eagle), eng-ko-ke, a torturing machine, used in 
yamuns. cbiu" eng-ko-ke, to be tortured on it. 

eng (R. id. ) eng-a, a sparrow. 

eilg [R. eagle, hawk], eng-cbiau, an eagle; a 
hawk, kap-eng, a sort of hawk or falcon. 

eng-ko, a figure of an eagle painted on the stern of 
a junk (s. parrot), eng-ko-pin, the boarding on stern 
of junk on which it is painted, teng eng-ko-pin, 
to nail that boarding on. 

tsoa-eng, a paper kite in the shape of a hawk or 
eagle; a rough paper figure of a bird thrown or blown 
about by children, cbib eng-a, to fold these coarse 
paper birds for children. 

eng-jiau"-boe, a very strong-smelling flower of a 
green colour, shaped like an eagle's claw. 

eng (P.), in several tones and words, = A. iong. 

eng (R. han), (T. ai n , Cn. ui n , C. an; but P. Sng), 
leisure; at leisure (idle); (what does not concern us). 
eng-eng, at leisure, eng-si, when at leisure, than- 
eng, taking the opportunity of having leisure, eng- 
jit, a holiday; a day on which no work is done, khab- 
eng sat-bu (more idle than a louse), I am doing 
nothing, bo-eng-kang, very busy; no leisure; no 
spare time, bo-eng, id. ; also, have to go to ease my- 
self, bo-eng ebbib-ebbib, having no leisure at all 
(v. chhih). 

cbiab eng-bi, to live on other people, eng-sin, 
well off, and not needing to do any sort of work, eng- 
eng ebbeng-ebbeng, at ease and comfort, with 
nothing to trouble him. ebbeng-eng, in comfortable 
circumstances, having a competency; quite free from 
care and anxiety, and not needing to work, ebbeng- 
ebbeng eng-eng, id. ebbeng-eng-mia", id. 
eng-kba bong-kia", strollingaboutatleisure. cbin- 
eng-kba, id. , esp. of going to talk over a matter that 
is finally settled, having the walk to no purpose, eng- 
kba-kut, id. 

eng-lang, a man who has no connection with the 
affair in hand ; a bystander. l§-kien put-peng, 
kbi — si eng-jin, injustice so flagrant that passers-by 
are indignant, eng-boan-16, unnecessary trouble or 
anxiety of mind, as in meddling in other pcople'3 affairs, 
eng-tai, other people's matters, that we have nothing 
to do with, eng-su, id. ebbap-eng-su, to meddle 
with what does not concern us. ber n -cbhap eng-su, 
a meddler, ai-ebbap eng-su, id. 

eng-6e, gossip, chat ; idle or unimportant talk, 
kong eng-a-kd', to tell idle stories, and talk empty 
useless talk, eng-a-mib", superfluities; things of no 
real use, as curiosities and ornaments, eng-mib", id. 
eng-cbi", unemployed money, eng-keng, an empty 
room, as for guests; a public room (in a village) where 
people come together idly for talk or play, eng-keng- 
a, such a public room in a village. 

eilg (C. esp. P.), = A. iong. eng-i n , = A. i6ng-i", 

eng [R. to scheme ; a camp, = col. iff], keng- 
§ng. diligent; actively engaged, as in business for a 
livelihood, put-cbi keng-eng, very diligent, as at 

eng [R. full], eng-moa" (r.). full, as the number 
of things or days, la-eng, too jolly; too fond of idle- 
ness, sport, and pleasure, often licentious pleasure (v. 









la), eng-heng, behaving in an overbearing and un- 
just or proud and consequential manner; often said of 
a proud self-willed child; but (C), only "rather idle." 

4* 1 1 ii" (R. id.) eng-kng, glory, splendour, eng- 
hoa hu-kui, very prosperous, eng-hien (R. ), illus- 
trious, hien-tse eng-tsong, to add glory to one's 
ancestors, as a high mandarin, eng-eng, ti koe- 
mfig-chheng, boastful and bragging. 

6llg [R. a shadow, = col. id"], lai bu-tsong, 
khi bu-eng, to come and go without any one knowing. 
per-hong chhiok-eng (grasp wind and shadows), to 
take up and spread baseless rumours, u-eng-hiong, 
to have some foundation in fact (but gen. not much), as 
a rumour, eng-hiong ia-bo, not having the shadow 
of a foundation, as an utterly baseless rumour or 

siau-eng, a miniature or small -sized portrait. 
khioh siau-eng, to draw a small portrait, tai-siu 
siau-eng, large and small portraits. 

thuh eng-a (T.), = A. thok keng-a-hl, a play some- 
what like a magic lantern. 

<^ng [R. ktmg.a landscape ; circumstances], chheng- 
eng, manifesting great delight by gesticulation or out- 
ward manner, when getting power, influence, or great 
success (said of inferiors). 

t^Ilg — eng-eng, ti koe-m.fig-ch.heng, said 
of a boastful bragging fellow ; lit. wearing a feather 
dust-brush, as if it were a peacock's feather. 

6Hg [R. to bubble up or dash about, as water], (P. 
i(jng), a wave, hai-eng, id. eng-nia", swell on the 
sea. toa-eng, a great wave, the-po-eng, the great 
waves in an estuary, esp. when wind and tide are con- 
trary; the bore in a river's mouth, hong-eng, wind 
and waves, hong-eng thau, wind and waves boister- 
ous and stormy, hong-eng toa, id. hong chi n , 
eng pi", wind and waves fallen, tam-hong tam- 
' eng. exposed to wind and waves, as a traveller. 

khioh-eng, to turn the boat's head to a coming 
wave, thim-eng, to dip into the waves, as the bow of 
a boat in rough weather. 

eilg (R. id. ), perpetual ; eternal ; always, eng- 
eng, id. eng-oan, perpetual ; eternal, eng-bo, 
never ! eng-u, certainly there is or there are. 

eng-si, often or always (in the past), eng-siong- 
si, id. eng-ni", every year (in the past), eng-koe 
(C), usually, over and over (in the past). eng-k6 
(Cn.), id. 

eng (R. i6ng), (C. i6ng). eng-chhai, sort of 
convolvulus grown in water. 

eng (R. i6ng), to manure, eng-pun, id. eng- 
pui, id. eng-chhan, to manure irrigated fields. 

eilg [R. to answer, to recompense, to fulfil, = col. 
In], eng-bau, to answer to the roll, as soldiers, &c. 
eng-sin, to make appearance at a trial, as persons 
(though not parties) whose names are in the documents 
(v. sin), tah-eng, to promise verbally, eng-seng, 
to promise verbally to grant, as a request (v. s6ng). eng- 
un, to promise, eng-in, id. 

eng-siu, to hold friendly intercourse by visits or 
ceremonial presents, eng-se, do., or by proper polite 
phrases, eng-chiap, to receive, as guests or visitors, 
treating them properly, chiap-eng, id. ; also, to assist, 

as a body of fresh soldiers, nge-kok hong-sing, 
he-tsiii chiap-eng, rain and grain abundant. 

chiau-eng, to take care of; to assist; to befriend. 
goe-kong loe-eng, treachery within helping the 
attack from without. 

po-eng, to recompense (as the gods do) by reward 
or punishment. leng-eng, powerful and able to 
answer prayers, kam-eng, id. u-kam-eng, id. 
iii-eng, id. iu-kiu pit-eng, prayer (as to some 
special divinity) will be answered, ban-eng-kong, 
the spirit of a shrine for tablets that have no posterity. 
ban-eng-ko, a sort of plaster, said to be good for a 
vast number of diseases. 

eng-giam, to fulfil or be efficacious, as prayer or 
medicine, eng-hau, to be efficacious, to be fulfilled, 
as a votive prayer. 

sui-si eng-pien, to act according to the circum- 
stances, sfii-ki eng-pien, id. u-eng-pien, good 
at adapting one's plans and procedure to the circum- 

eng-hun, the portion that belongs to a man on the 
division of an inheritance. eng-hun e-giap, id. 
eng-hun e ke-giap, id. chit-keng si i--e eng- 
hun, this house is his portion of the inheritance. 

eilg (R. iong), (C. iong), to use ; to spend ; with 
(with an instrument), eng-to koah, cut with a knife, 
eng-gun boe, to buy with silver, eng-pit sia, to 
write with a pen or pencil. 

ler-eng, a use. u-lff-eng, useful, bo-le-eng, 
useless, toa-le-eng, very useful, u sim-mih" ler- 
eng, of what use is it? boe-eng--tit, not fit for the 
purpose, rh-eng, will not use it; there is no need of 
(esp. said in Cn. in place of "m-sdi"). 

bo-eng, it is better not to — ; stronger than "m- 
sai," but not so strong as "m-thang." bo eng — , not 
using — . bo-eng-lang (T.), I am a good for-nothing 
man; said politely to mean, I am a plain honest man, 
and cannot help in bad schemes. 

khai-eng, to spend money; to use money, hui- 
eng, id. sai-eng (not in Cn.), expenditure; to use; 
to spend (money), tham-eng, to use more than our 
income. chhim-eng--lang, to embezzle. 1am- 
eng, very lavish of money, as for bad purposes, or of 
other people's money, kam-eng, not afraid to spend 
money on proper occasion (v. kam). ka"-eng, rather 
too liberal or lavish, khiam-eng, economical, kiam- 
eng, to use somewhat less, seng-eng, to use more 
sparingly; to manage to get on without using so 

Ian ke-eng--i kui-e-chi", we get a few cash better 
exchange from him, as by paying in silver instead of in 
copper cash. 

chhe-eng, to employ as a servant, in general ; a 

bong-eng, only tolerable; middling; will just do, 
for want of better, ho-eng, good for use. thong- 
eng, universally current, iau-eng, to require for use 
for some special purpose; specially needed; indispensable. 
kau-eng, enough for use ; having enough to use. 
chioh-eng, to borrow for use (v. chioh). he-teh- 
eng, lay it down to be ready for use, as it is wanted. 

eng-sim, to apply the mind, eng-kang, to work 
diligently; worked or made with care; carefully. 









This initial is often interchanged with ng (?.«'.); ver .y 
frequently the reading form is in ng, while the collo- 
quial is g. 

gil [R. a tooth, ivory, = col. gfi], (C. ge). ga-koan 
boe-khui (the teeth will not open), as in a faint or 
near death. 

ga (R. id.), (Cn.), to suspect; to feel suspicious gi- 
ga, id. 

gill (R. id.), stupid, foolish. gai-chi", bad cash, 
kho-glti, miserably poor, chbi-gai, silly; very dull 
and stupid; foolish, gai - gam - gong, very stupid 
(said in scolding), gai-kau (C), said of a man who 
interrupts or browbeats another when speaking, or will 
not listen to reason. 

g«li (R. id.), (T. ngai"). u-kan-gai, there is some 
impediment. kan-gai--tioh li, it may (slightly) 
involve you. gai — tiob, to tend to involve or compro- 
mise a man; to affect injuriously, bo-kan-gai, there 
is no impediment, no danger or obstruction, bo-gai, 
id. bo-sa"-gai, not having any injurious or obstruc- 
tive influence on each other, bo-siong-gai, not hav- 
ing injurious influence (esp. on good luck); there is no 
impediment; not hurt, as in a fall. 

gai-gion, feeling uncomfortable, gai-bak, to 
offend the eye, as some wicked thing, chhui-kap- 
chih u-si sa n -gai, the best friends (like mouth and 
tongue) sometimes fall out. 

koa-gai, to be anxious about, as a person or affair, 
khoa-gai, id. bo-koa-gai, there is no danger or 
impediment; need not be anxious. 

gak (R. id.) gak-hu (R.), wife's father, gak- 
bii (R. ), wife's mother, leng-gak (R. ), your wife's 

gaK [R. music], gak-khi, musical instruments, 
tang ker-gak, to play joyful music, kim ker-gak, 
to forbid music, as during mourning for the emperor. 
hong-kim ke-gak, to receive orders from a superior 
forbidding the use of music, le-gak (R. ), ceremonies 
and music, tsok-gak (R. ), to make music with instru- 
ments, gak-koa", minister of music in ancient times. 

g<lk [R. a high mountain peak], the great temple 
(esp. agricultural) outside the east gate of a city, tang- 
gak, id. gak- -nib.", id. ; in that temple, gak-, the door or front of that temple, liah kau 
gak-khau, to drag a departed soul to that temple, 
where giam-16-ong judges the dead. 

gak-te, the chief god of the tang-gak temple, tang- 
gak-te, id. gak-ong (C), id. 

giik (C), = A. gek (a prison), in some phrases, te- 
gak, hell. 

gaill [R. a steep rock or cliff; cf. col. giam]. tsam- 
gam, strong, firm, and well made, lin-gam, an abscess 
or cancer in the (female) breast, leng-gam, id. 

gillll — fig-gam-gam, very yellow, as ripe fruit, 
&c. fig-gam fig-gam, id. 

gillll, foolish, stupid, as a man. gam-gam, id. 
gam-si", having a stupid manner, gam-bak, having 
a dull unintelligent eye. tam-gam, appearance of dull- 
ness and want of ability, e.g. head hanging down, &c. 

gaill,=ngam. gam-au-a, a small sort of fish. 
gam-au-hi, id. 

g<lll [R. the face], a surname, gan-sek, com- 
plexion; countenance, gan-iong, complexion, liong- 
gan (R. ), the face of the emperor; lit. of dragon, hong- 
gan, to pok-beng, beautiful women are often un- 

gall [R. geng, to congeal], chilly and cold, as weather; 
cold and benumbed, as hand held long in cold water. 
tbi n -kbi gan-gan, weather very cold and chilly, 
thau-khak gan, head cold and chilled, chhui- 
kbi gan, teeth chilled and sore, as with drinking very 
cold water, chhiu gan, kha gan, hands and feet 
benumbed with cold. 

gan (C), = A. gien (to speak), gan-gi, = A. gien- 
gii, language, talk. 

giill [R. the eye; a joint]. si"-gan, the joint of a 
fan. si-gan, a fixed rivet, oah-gan, a joint made 
to allow free motion. 

ji-gan. a book-phrase, chbeb-gan, title-page of 
a book ; title pasted on a book. 

pong-gan, the second name on the list of new mem- 
bers of the (Han-lim) Imperial Academy, siang-gan- 
leng, a peacock's feather with two eyes, cbhien-li- 
gan (eye seeing a thousand li), an attendant of the idol 

gan-cbiau, a man more acute, skilful, or daring 
than others, and fond of meddling in matters, so as to 
be naturally a leader though not appointed, kong- 
gan, very bright, too sharp for his years, as a lad about 
eighteen (v. kong "bright"), bo-gan-sin, eye having 
an appearance of intelligence (v. sin), u-gan-lek, 
good at discerning good from bad at a glance, bo- 
gan-lek, id. bo-gan-sek, skilful at discerning by 
a glance, gan cbeng, ebbiu kboai, eye and hand 
very quick, as of a thief or juggler, kd-gan put- 
tsai, able to repeat after one reading, gan-khong 
toa, so proud and haughty as not to salute or notice 
people; not deigning to speak, &c. 

tsui-gan, eyes naturally having a soft and swimming 
look, as if drunk (v. tsiii). gan-lui (R. ), to shed tears. 
sng-gan, injurious to the eyes, as late writing or sew- 
ing, or some sorts of food, ji-sun boan-gan, large 
posterity seen before death, kbai-gan, to touch an 
idol's eyes with the red pigment called "sin-se," in con- 
secrating it. kbai-gan-tsoa, yellow paper with rude 
pictures of horses and chariots, burned to hasten the 
spirits to come to the sorcerer. 

gan -cbeng (C. gi£n-ch6ng), at present, gan- 
cbien, id. 

gan-kia", spectacles (v. kia"). gan-khe, eye 
diseases (v. khe). 

g<in (C), = A. g6ng, to grind in a sort of mortar. 

gail, to cool, as in water, or as by applying a piece of 
cold iron; to temper, gan-tsui, to cool or temper in 
water, gan-khg, to temper steel, gan-bak, to cool 
the eyes, as by a piece of rock-crystal or a cold knife or 
bit of steel. 

gUll [1!. a sea wall or dyke, =col. hoa"] pok-gan, 
a low broad wall or bank built at the foot of a wall or 
embankment to strengthen or protect its base; the para- 
pet wall of a terrace, as on house-top. 

gaU (ft. id.) hai-gan, a sea-goose, chhiu-gan, 













sort of goose that comes in autumn, hong-gan, a sort 
of sea-bird (said to be used for carrying letters). 

ker-gan, a widow or widower (said because the wild- 
goose is supposed to remain so). 

g«lll — gan-chi-tsng, small fine bricks for orna- 
mental work. 

gilllg (cf. gong), gang-gang, having a stupified 
and bewildered look, as at sudden bad news, or as when 
unable to reply to a severe rebuke, gang-gang teh- 
khia, standing with a bewildered look. 

chhiu gang-gang, out of work and having no 

g<l|) (C. ap), to swallow water, as a fish, gap- 
tsui, id. chi n knit-- i gap— khi, to be swindled of 
money by him. 

gstll [E. hien], (T. gau, ngau"), clever; wise; skilful; 
good at — . gau-tsa, you are early up. gau-toa, 
growing fast, as boy tall for his age. gau-kun, play- 
ing practical jokes or tricks (v. kun). gau-lang, a 
wise man. gau tsoe-lang, polite and kind, ke- 
gau, to pretend to be clever. 

boe-gau — tit, the matter is so fixed by Heaven's 
decree that the most skilful man cannot change it. 

gilll (Cn. ), = ngau, fond, as of pleasure. 

ge [R. ha, red clouds, = col. hg], (C. ge). bin ang- 
ge, face ruddy and healthy-looking. 

g6 (R. gai), (T. go), in great perplexity; mind con- 
fused, as with grief, madness, or liquor, ge soah- 
soah, in very great perplexity. 

ge (Cn.) ge--lang, to act so as to make another 
displeased, ge-si-lang, to irritate a man very much. 

ge [R. ga, a tooth], (C. ge), a tusk, as of boar or 
elephant; ivory. 

ge-tso, the lower jaw (v. tso). ge-kam, a very severe 
disease of the jaw. chhoan-ge, a very protruding 
tooth, ge-khi (C. ), the teeth, ka-ge cbhiet-chhi, 
to gnash the teeth in pain or rage. 

nng-ge, to come down in one's talk after being very 
violent, li heng peh-ge, you are very fond of open- 
ing your jaws (when talking of what should not be 

ge-lang, a broker or middleman for small transac- 
tions (lit. one who uses his teeth and mouth), esp. for 
domestic animals, ge-hang, a shop or firm that trans- 
acts brokerage, tsoe-ge — e, to be a broker, ti-a- 
ge, a shop or broker's office where pigs are bought and 
sold, cbba-ge, do. for sale of fire-wood. ge-chi n , 
brokerage or small commission, thiu ge-chi", to take 
a small percentage for brokerage, as broker or weigher. 
khioh ge-chi' 1 , to levy a small rate on gambling, or 
opium-shops, &c. , as underlings of yamuns do. 

toa-ge, the tiller of a helm, leng-ge (lit. dragon's 
teeth), several upright pins on the bow of a junk, be- 
tween which the anchor cables run. 

ge-jit, the 2d and 16th of each month, be-ge, 
the 12.16, specially sacred to the-ti-kong. toa-ge 
(C.)i id. sio-ge (R.), the 2d and 16th of each month, 
except the last, thau-ge, the 2 . 2, birth-day of ther- 
ti-kong. tsoe-ge, to keep the 2d and 16th of each 
month with worship of mng-khau-kong. 

ge-sek, cream-colour or yellowish-white, like ivory 
long exposed to the air. ge-pai, dominoes for games 
of chance, ge-ti, ivory chop-sticks. chhiu n -ge, ivory; 
elephant's tusk, thhg-ge, to shed the tusks, as ele- 

g£ (C), ge-chio, = geng-chio, the plantain. 

ge (R. ga), (C. ge), a young sprout, puh-ge, to 
sprout, hoat-ge, id. thun-ge, esculent sprouts of 
the "thun" tree. kiu n -ge, ginger sprouts, beh-ge, 
barley sprouted so that the sprouts and roots are all 
interlaced, and dried in slices for medicine, chhek-ge, 
dried sprouted rice (med.) tau-ge (C), = A. tau-chhai, 
sprouted peas. 

ge-siau, a white medicine. 

ge (C), = A. goe, a surname. 

ge [R. kt ; he, she, it], numeral for one article when 
followed by a fraction; also (Cn. ), = A. 6, sign of genitive; 
classifier of men and some things. 

ge-poa n , one and a half. ge-poa n -chi n , one copper 
cash and a half, as in calculating prices. ge-goa-chi", 
worth a good deal more than one cash, ge-ji, 1 T \ = 
1-J-th of anything, esp. of a cash, ge-ji-chi", l-J-th of a 

ge-ge (Cn. ), one by one; each and every one. chih — 
ge (Cn.), this, h'ih— ge (Cn.), that. 

ge (R. ga), (C. ge). ge-mng, a yamun; a man- 
darin's office, court, and official residence. koa n -ge, 
id. ge-mng-lang, an attendant, assistant, or under- 
ling in a mandarin's court, ge-iah, messengers and 
lower assistants in do. ge-lai, within the yamun. 
ge-khau-tia", the paved court before the great gate 
of yamun. to-ia-ge, the Tau-tai's yamun. the-tok- 
ge, general's or admiral's yamun. 

pai-ge, to arrange the assistants, &c. , to receive the 
newly arrived mandarin, pe-ge, to guard the gate of 
yamun in the daytime; the door-keeper of yamun. 
khia-ge-mng, to be on duty staying in yamun of 
naval mandarin (as some of the marines). 

ge (C.) chhun-chhiii, bo be-ge, having no 
money or property. 

ge (R. id.) kang-ge, handicraft, cbbiu-ge, a 
handicraft or art. tsoe ge-niu n , to do a bit of work 
half for amusement to pass the time, tso-ge (C), to 
idle about, as child at play, or as idle fellow pretending 
to work, su-tsu cbbien-kim, put-ju kau-tsu 
it-ge, better teach your son one trade than give him a 
thousand pieces of silver. 

ge (C. ge). u-ge, the anchor taking hold of the 
ground; the anchor home; to be glad and pleased, as at 
getting some favour we had asked, or as looking at curi- 
ous or interesting things (this last sense esp. C.) tai- 
cbi ge — lab, the parties are now willing and the object 
attained. pba-bo-ge, the anchor will not catch. 
boe-ge, id. bo-ge, id.; also feeling ashamed and 
displeased, as at failing to get an expected favour, or 
losing hope of success, or at meeting one whom we wished 
to avoid; feeling of ennui in bad weather with no amuse- 
ment (these last senses esp. C. ) pbab--lang bo-ge, 
to make a man feel quite ashamed, as by disrespect or 
scolding, or taking no notice of him, or refusing what 
he confidently expected, tbun bo-ge-oan (swallow 
a bitter pill), to feel very much ashamed at want of suc- 
cess, bo-ge-oan, id. pbai"-ge (C), unpleasant 
state of feeling, as when a man gets angry with us with- 
out cause, or insists on paying for a gift or favour. 

tong-boe-ge, opposition utterly unsuccessful, kong 
boe-ge, utterly unsuccessful in a request. 

ge, to rub very smooth the second time, so as to 
polish (as wood, horn, or ivory), fin-a ge, to rub and 
polish very carefully so as to polish, ke-ge, very well 

ge — leng-ge, to speak sarcastically or ironically 
to a man. 








g£ (C.) toa-ge ( = A. koh), a large frame with 
incense and boys dressed as girls, carried in idolatrous 
processions, ge-pe n , id. ge-toa", the boys dressed 
as girls who sit on it. tsng-ge, to make up and orna- 
ment this frame. ngia-ge, to carry it in procession. 

u chhut-chi", bo kng-ge (A.), to subscribe money, 
but get no fame or advantage from it (lit. and not carry 
the ornamental frame). 

gell (T. ), = A. giet (C. geh), to joke roughly at a per- 

geh ( — kh6h). geh-geh-tio, to shiver, as from 
cold or fear. 

geh (R. goat), (C. g6eh, T. Cn. g6"h), the moon; a 
month. geh-niu a , the goddess of the moon. 

geh-peh, white with a slight bluish tinge, geh- 
sek, id. 

ang-geh, the bull's-eye of a target (redl, often three 
of them perpendicularly, geh-toh, a round table, 
geh-thang, a round window, geh-po, an axe with 
a convex semicircular edge,, a sort of 
stringed musical instrument. 

jit-geh, sun and moon; days and months (v. jit). 
ni n -geh, years and months (v. ni n ). geh-ke-geh, 
from month to month. 

si n -geh, the month of one's birth, theh si n -geh, 
to get the horoscope (poeh-ji) of the proposed bride or 
bridegroom, phoa-geh, the cyclical name of natal 
month disagreeing seriously with the name of the year; 
if a girl, it has a deadly effect when married on her hus- 
band; if a boy, it will have a deadly effect on his wife's 
relations, therefore not so important ! geh-leng, the 
cyclical name of a month (for divination), consisting of 
two characters, the first varying with the year, the 
second fixed for the same month in all years. 

khia-geh, the bride spending some days (or a month) 
with her parents soon after marriage, sun-geh, within 
a month before the time of child-birth. moa"-geh, 
one month after confinement, geh-lai, within a month 
after confinement; also (in general), within the month, 
geh-lai-lang, a woman within the month after con- 
finement, geh-lai-pang, the room where the child 
was born, so called during the first month only, geh- 
lai-hong, the woman's sickness in that season, tsai 
i--e geh-lai, phah i--e pang-mfig (knowingly to 
knock at the door of that room in that month), to talk 
to a man's face of his secret faults or shame, geh- 
keng, the menstrual discharge. 

geh-chhoe, the first ten days of a month, geh- 
thau, the beginning or first part of a month, geh- 
be, the last few days of month, about 26th to end. 
geh-poa n , about 14th, 15th, or 16th. geh-poa"- 
jit, a month and a half, chhit-geh-poa", the middle 
of the seventh month, 7. 15, = tiong-goun (v. chhit). 
nng-geh-jit, a period of two months long, ji-geh, 
the second month of the year. chia n -geh, the first 
month, lun-geh, an intercalary month. lun-ge>- 
geh, intercalary month just after the fifth month, 
usually called "intercalary fifth month." toa-geh, a 
month in which a great deal of business is done, geh 
toa, the month has thirty days, geh soe, the month 
has 29 days, chit-geh si-toa a-soe, has this month 
30 or 29 da)'8? 

geh chiu", the moon ascending, geh tng-kia, 
moon at zenith. geh tiong-kia, id. geh tui- 
tiong, id. geh chhia, moon about to set. sit- 
geh, eclipse of moon, geh thg-i", the moon become 
round again after eclipse (it is counted lucky to see this). 

geh i", the moon full, geh-peng, half-moon, geh- 
bai, crescent moon, at first or last, geh-hoa, sort of 
lunar halo of five colours (a spirit is supposed to be in it 
bestowing blessings), geh ui-khe", the moon has a 
halo of usual kind, geh tl-16eh, a small circle of 
clouds round the moon, geh ui-kher. khit-he- ak; 
ti-16eh, khit-jit phak, the one get drenched with 
rain, the other get scorched by the sun. geh hoa", 
the moon giving little light, either small or clouded. 
geh-hoa"-a, id. geh-am-mi n , a moonless night, 
geh-ia", shadow from moon; moonlight on water, &c. 
siu"-geh, to gaze at the bright moon. 

geh (C. goeh, T. gi!ih). chhin-chia" gcr-geb 
(C. chhin-chhekgtr-gueh), relations, connections, friends, 
and neighbours, bo-chhin-chia" g§--geh, having 
no relatives or friends, kong tsap-tsoh ger-gbh 
(T.), to talk in an involved way about a great many 
matters, esp. to avoid directly answering an inconvenient 

g£ll (C. ), cf. A. giet, gi6h (T. geh). gioh-geh (C), 
to taunt, or jest and jeer at. 

gek (R. id. = col. keh), to rebel, disobey, or offend 
seriously, gek-hong, wind contrary, heng-gek, 
perverse; very wicked, poe-gek, to rebel against. 
nger-gek, disobedient to parents, be'-hoan tai-gek, 
rebellion and treason. 

gek-thien, to offend against Heaven, gek-li, to 
transgress Heaven's laws, gek-chi, to disobey the im- 
perial orders, liong-ioh khe-khe^; tiong-gien 
gek-ni n , good medicine is bitter; faithful words offend 
the ear. 

gek (R. gi6k), (C. giok), jade-stone, po-gek, very 
precious jade, ke-gek, false jade, chhai-gek, id. 
ser-gek, fine white jade with a slightly yellowish tinge. 
ang-gek, red jade. 

gek-ah, a casket made of jade-stone, gek-khi, 
articles made of jade. 

gek-chiam-hoe, a sort of lily (v. chiam). 

gek [R. giok, a prison], (C. giok, gak). 16-gek, 
a prison. ka n -gek, id. gek-koa", a small mandarin 
who has charge of a high mandarin's prison, che-gek, 
to lie in prison. kui"-gek (Cn.), to imprison, lien- 
gek, purgatory. 

te-gek, hell. te-gek-sia n , id. toe-gek (Cn.), id. 
loh te-gek, to go to hell, ke te-gek, to pass through 
hell (Buddhist), phah te-gek, to deliver a soul from 
hell, as Buddhist priests do. khui te-gek-mfig, to 
open its gates (on 7. l) to let the ghosts out for a month. 
koai" te-gek-mfig, to shut them in again on last 
day of seventh moon. 

gek (Cn.), = A. ji6k, a cushion, &c. 

geilg (R. id.), to coagulate; to lie heavy on the 
stomach, geng chit-te, coagulate into a mass, geng 
chit-oan, feeling of indigestion like a ball on the 
stomach. chiah--liau, geng--leh, id. after eating. 
geng ti-sim-koa"-thau, id. huih geng— teh, 
blood coagulated, as when shed, hiet-khi geng-- 
leh, blood supposed to be internally coagulated, and 
not acting properly, as in tumours, &c. huih-khi 
geng--teh, id. 

geng (C. ge). geng-chio, the plantain; the 
banana (v. chio). 

geilg [R. liong, a dragon], geng-geng, the dra- 
gon's eye, or lung-yen fruit (v. geng). geng-a-koa" 
(C. ), dried lung-yen. 

g£llg [R. to receive ceremoniously], ggng-sin, 









khi-kiu (R. ), to take to the new and forsake the old, 
as a fickle-minded man. jin geng hu-kui chhun, 
man receives wealth and prosperity like spring (from 

g^Ilg [R. gin, the eye], (T. gai n , Cn. gui n , C. kan, 
keng). geng-geng, the dragon's eye, or lung-yen fruit 
(Dimocarpus Longan?). hok-geng, a large sort, liu- 
a-geng, a small sort, geng-geng-koe, a beautiful 
insect somewhat like a butterfiv. leng-keng-ke (C), 
id. (v. ke). 

g6ng (R. gien), (T. ngai", Cn. ngui n , C. gan, gien), 
to grind w T ith a wheel in a mortar; to roll out, as dough; 
to roll and polish smooth, as cloth; to press or mould 
with finger or palm, as a swelling to be reduced. 

geng-poah, a long trough -shaped sort of mortar, 
geng-tso, do. geng-lvin, the wheel worked in the 
trough, geng-thui, a roller for dough; a sort of pestle, 
geng-chioh, a large smooth stone for pressing and 
polishing cotton cloth, geng-per-chioh, id. geng- 
pe", to press and polish cloth, by two men standing on 
the two ends of the stone, by a see-saw motion, geng- 
ioh, to grind medicine in a trough, geng-boah, to 
grind to powder, geng-iu, id. geng-mi n , to roll 
out dough into thin cakes, geng-pia", id. 

un-a geng-chhut, gradually get out facts more 
and more fully after the clue has been found. 

toa-teh-geng, standing deriding or jesting at 

geng-tfig, to sunder, by working the hand or some 
instrument back and forwards; to bite asunder, by mov- 
ing the teeth or toothless gums back and forwards, 
bong-geng, barely manage to bite it with toothless 
gums, as old man or child. 

gCIlg [R. id. by change of tone from "g6ng," to re- 
ceive ceremoniously], chhin-geng, to go to the bride's 
house in person to take away his bride, as bridegroom 
does if he wishes to show great respect for his relatives. 
gCIlg — geng-chio, better geng-chio, the plan- 
tain (v. chio). 

gt [R, ceremony], a small ceremonial present or fee. 
chit-e-gi, do., especially at betrothal, chit-pau- 
gi, do. in silver, sang le-gi, to make the ceremonial 
presents, as at betrothal, pheng-gi, presents to bride's 
parents from bridegroom's parents. 

tsoeh-gi, presents made to a teacher at some of the 
terms, kio-gi, hire of sedan for teacher, paid by 
scholars; sometimes do. for friend, ho-gi, a congratu- 
latory present, sin-gi, presents to Kujin on going to 
the capital, and such like. 

sit-gi, to fail in ceremony proper to a superior. 

lii-gi (R. ), dignified manner, causing reverence or awe. 

££. ir- gl (R. pi, id.) gi-pe, the loquat orpipS fruit (v. pS). 

Jr^_j ' ^-* gl (R. pi, id.) gi-pe, a four-stringed guitar, shaped 

like the loquat (v. pe). 

gl (C), = A. gu, a surname, 
gl (C.),=A. gu, foolish. 

gl — gi-pan (T.), = A. tok-pan, a bright green 
sort of bettle. 

gl (C), = A. gu, to catch fish (R.) 
gl — gi-ge\ a thorny shrub (v. go-). 
gl (R. id.), to doubt; to suspect, gi-ngai, id. giau- 
gi, id. gi-hek, id. ti-gi (R.), to have suspicions or 
doubts so as to delay; very uncertain in purpose, not 
knowing how to act. ti-gi, to have suspicions or distrust. 
gi-ga, to suspect; to be suspicious, chhai-gi (R.), id. 
to-gi, full of suspicions, gi-tang gi-sai, id. gi- 


sin gi-kui, id. nam-gi, to harbour suspicion, toa- 
gi, id. tai-gi, id. koa-gi, id. gi-sim, suspicious 
mind, gi-sim tang, suspicions rising in the mind, 
gi seng-koai, suspicion makes one more and more 
suspicious (v. koai). poa"-sin poa"-gi, half believing, 
half doubting, chiong-sin chiong-gi, id. kho- 
gi, suspicious, as affair, hoan-gi, to be suspected. 
kien-gi, id. 

bo-gi-ge, unexpectedly; before one is aware or has 
any thought of it. 

chhi"-gi, nauseated, as at bad taste; ready to vomit; 
suddenly taken aback and suspicious of danger. 

gl [R. right, ought], hap-gi, proper, right, as it 
should be. long-tam tek-gi (K.), dress just proper, 
not shabby or gaudy. 

kia"-gi, behaviour. in-si che-gi, to fit one's 
actions to the circumstances. 

pan-gi, cheap, a good bargain. pan-gi--lang, to 
insult a man, or scold him violently when he dares not 
retort. chiam--lang pan-gi, to act in an over- 
bearing way. chiam-pan-gi e-lang, a man who 
acts so. tok--lang pan-gi, to cheapen too much, to 
drive too hard a bargain, tau-pan-gi, to undersell. 

liong-gi, the Yin and Yang (im-iong), especially as 
represented by a circle divided into two equal halves, of 
different colours, by a wavy line made by two semi- 
circles meeting at the centre. 

gi-li-si (C), certainly ought to be — ; surely will — ; 
should exert yourself to — . gi-li-si tioh an-ne" 
(C), indeed you should do so. 

gl (C.), = A. gii, talk, words, gan-gi, =A. giSn- 
gii, id. 

gl [R. to give judgment, to sentence], gi-tsoe, to 
pronounce sentence; to condemn to punishment, gi 
si-tsoe, to condemn to death, gi-ka, to sentence to 
be strangled. gi-liu, condemn to banishment, &c. 
gi-tia", to give sentence, gi tia"-ti6h, id. 
pi-gi (R.), to compare. 

gl [R. goe, handicraft]. tsoe-gi-niu n , to make 
things just to pass the time or for amusement. 

gi [R. intimate friendship]. kiet-gi, to form 
sworn friendship and alliance, as persons, kiet-gi 
hia"-ti, sworn brothers, gi-heng-te, id. se-gi, 
allied for several generations, as families, u-se-gi, id. 
gi [R. to discuss or consult],, to discuss 
and arrange a dispute, as third party by his good offices. 
it-jin ti, put-ju. liong-jin gi, one man's wisdom 
is not so good as two men's consultation, siong-gi, 
to discuss or talk over a matter together, gi-lun (r. ), 
id. am-gi (r.), to consult secretly, as conspirators. 

pe-gi, the decision of any one of the Supreme 
Boards (li6k-pff) on a matter sent to them by the emperor 
for consideration and to be reported on. 

gi — - gi-gi, pleased and happy appearance, almost 
laughing, gi-gi-chhid, to laugh in a grinning man- 
ner; to titter. 

gl ( = gih). gi-gi-chhoah, to tremble, to shake 
with fear. 

gi (C), = A. gu, to lodge, gi-se, = A. gu-s6, a 
lodging, esp. of students come to examinations. 
gi (C), =A. gu, imperial. 
gi (C.),=A. gu, to meet. 

gi (R. id.), justice, gratefulness; (free, as school), 
(adopted, as relative), (meaning, as of book). 

jin-gi, benevolence and justice, jin-gi le-ti-sln, 
the five cardinal virtues, kong-gi, just, thien-ha 








kong-gi, universally regarded right and proper, put- 
gi. unjust, unfair, tiong-gi, upright, just, and faith- 
ful, esp. of mandarin to sovereign, tiong-sin gi-su, 
faithful ministers and literati who act rightly, chheng- 
gi (X.), to justify, to pronounce righteous, gi-li, the 
principles of justice; the meaning, as of a book. 

1-gi, the meaning, as of a book. 

gi-thiong, a free burying-ground. gi-chhiu", a 
place where coffins are given gratuitously, gi-oh, a 
free-school, gi-ehhng, a public granary, gi-bin, 
volunteers, gi-iong, id. 

khi-gi, to propose and take the lead, as in a sub- 
scription, or in some enterprise. gi-khi, readiness 
to assist relatives or persons in distress, or to requite 
favours (dist. ngi"-khi). 

u-gi, grateful, as to friend or benefactor; showing 
thankfulness by trying to requite favours, u-cheng- 
gi, id. u-cheng u-gi, id. kau u-gi, the dog is 
grateful to his master, bo-gi, ungrateful, unthankful, 
and forgetful of favours, bo-cheng-gi, id. he bo- 
gi, the tiger is utterly devoid of gratefulness, ka-tsui 
bo-gi, the turtle-dove is ungrateful (v. tsui). a iu 
hoan-pe chi-gi, the crow shows gratitude (to its 
parent) by carrying food, put-chi liam-gi, mani- 
festing much gratefulness for favours done to self or 
parents, &c. poe-gi, to act ungratefully; not requit- 
ing kindness, bong-un poe-gi, id. ker-un hu- 
gi, id. 

gi-tsii, a sort of adopted son. gi-hu, a sort of 
adoptive father. 

gi-bia n , the paramour of a bad woman, or a sodomite. 

gia [R. ga, a tooth], (C. ha), gia-lan, crimson 
(v. Ian). 

gia — la-gia, a large spider, like tarantula, la- 
gia-si, its web. la-gia-merh", the white woolly film 
that incloses the eggs of that spider, used as application 
to a sore skin. 

gia (R. go), =go, a goose, in general, gia-kak, 
a gander. 

gia (C. An.), =A. ia, the cocoa-nut. 

gia (R. nge-). gia-kang, the centipede (s. carry). 
hai-gia-kang, a marine insect like a centipede. 

gia-kang-bang, to mend a tear by cross-stitches. 
gia-kang-thui, a ladder made of one long piece of 
wood, with steps nailed on it and projecting on each 
side, gia-kang-chhau, a sort of fern, gia-kang- 
ong, an idol, gia-kang-kha, pointed poles at stern 
of junk, for keeping off pirates, gia-kang-khi (lit. 
teeth), a long wavy cavity in a door, made so as to allow 
the bolt to be fastened or opened from the outside, 
gia-kang-pi", a long narrow jointed flexible platform 
that can wind through narrow crooked streets, used in 
incense processions. 

khi-gia-kang, a severe disease of the gums (v. khi, 

gia (T. kia, Cn. ka), to carry a large bulky thing 
(as a chair) witli both hands (sometimes resting also on 
the shoulder); to raise up (as boat aground) by pushing 
backwards with one's back; to raise the lid of a pot or 
kettle, as the steam does when boiling violently; to wear, 
as the cangue; to get the help of an influential person 
to assist our cause. 

gia-kang, coolies carrying heavy things with both 
hands, each separately (s. centipede), gia-khui, to 
lift out of the way, as a chair, gia — teb, carrying a 
heavy thing (as above), gia-teh, pressed down by the 
weight of the heavy thing carried so. 

gia-ke, to wear the cangue. gia-i-ke, to carry a 
chair by putting one's head into it from below, gia- 
kio, to carry an empty sedan, as one man. 

kbi ai-gia--khi-lai, feeling in throat like a slight 
coughing or tendency to bring up phlegm, seng-ti 
gia-tsau, a pig allowed to have its own way burrows 
under the cooking place (v. tsiiu). 

gia, jin-beng, falsely charge a man with responsi- 
bility for a death, gia se-thau, to get the help of an 
influential man, as in a yamun; or to use one's own 
power or influence, gia se-ker, id. 

gia (R. geng), =ngia" (q.v.), to go in an idolatrous 
procession, &c. 

giall (R. kek), (T. Cn. kiah), to extract, as a thorn 
or splinter; to pick out, as stitches; to take out, as the 
entrails of fish after cutting open. 

giab-khui,toopen a small thing by leverage, giah- 
phoa, to open, as a small boil by a lancet, giab lang- 
buib, to let out blood and matter from a small boil by 
puncturing, giab-cbbl, to extract a thorn, giah 
bat-sat, to take out bugs from a crevice, as with knife, 
giah mfig-chhoa", to pick open a door-bolt, giah 
mfig-sui, to part the hair on a woman's forehead. 

giah-pan, to puncture the spots of the fever called 

giah (F. ), = kiah. giah-thau, to lift up the head. 

giall, the proper quantity, complement, or number 
of men or things, giah-siau, id. siau-giah, id. 
kau-giah, enough, chin kau-giah, well, that is 
quite enough! — said on meeting with something quite 
unexpected and unpleasant. chiok-giah, enough. 
goan-giah, the original quantity (as of money or 
things) or state (as of health), hap-giah, just the 
thing; it just suits, hun-giah, the fit allotted por- 
tion, as of property or duty. 

giah-goa, a petty officer, like a sergeant, between 
"goa-ui" and "hau-iong;" more than is necessary; out 
of one's proper business. 

che-giah, to bear the responsibility for a payment, 
tsai-giah, to be regularly engaged, as assistant. 

ho-giah, rich, u ho-giah-toe, to be of a rich 
family, u-giah, rich. khoa n -- liau u-giah, on 
looking at it there seems a great deal, as something 
loosely wrapped up, or larger than we expected, bo- 
giah, poor; not enough ; not sufficient, khui-bo- 
giah, unable to account fully for the money intrusted 
to us. khui-khong bo-giah, to embezzle or spend 
funds improperly without entering it on the books, so 
that a deficit appears that cannot be accounted for. 
khai-khong bo-giah, id. 

lang-giah, the complement or number of men. 
tin nhg-lang e-giah, to take up the space or place 
of two men. beh-phai kui-lang-giah, for how 
many men will you make provision ? ke-phai chit- 
lang-giah, make provision for one man more. 

phai-giah, to make provision for, as for a specified 
number, phai i-e-giah, to make provision for him. 

joa-tsoe keng-giah, how many rooms ? kheng 
gun-giah, to count up carefully how to account for 
money intrusted to us, so as to balance right (v. kb.6ng). 
shg-giah, to count the number, as of things; to count 
how many; to include (as an item) in the calculation, 
esp. of something faulty or inferior that might have 
been left out of count. 

that-giah, to fill a place, as a substitute; to make 
up for loss or damage, as money or other article; to 
supply such a vacancy or deficiency, pe-giah, id. 










ti-giah, id. (v. tf). tii-giah (C), id. tau-oa n - 
giah, to use some inferior bowls to make up a set; said 
also fig. of men or things in general. 

giilli — chher-giak-giak, very coarse. 

giak (cf. gioh, geh), to make jokes at a man who 
has met with some misfortune or failed in some en- 
deavour; to make game of. kong-giak, to talk iron- 
ically or sarcastically. 

gjak (C), = A. gi6k (R.), cruel; tyrannical. 

giaill (R. id.), rigid, stern, strict; a surname. 
giam-hat, rigid, stern, strict. giam-kin, rigidly 
careful; very strict in a matter, ui-giam, majestic, 
stern, dignified. giam-le (R.), too dignified and 
stern in manner. 

ka-giam (R.), my father, giam-hu chhut hau- 
tsu, a strict father makes obedient children, giam 
koa" - hu chhut kau-ehhat, a severe mandarin 
makes robbers abound. 

giaill (R. iikn), a surname, giam-16-ong, the 
judge of the dead, or emperor of Hades, giam-16, id. 
giam-16-fig, id. giam-16 thien-tsu, id. giam- 
kun, id. (the Indian Yama). 

giaill (R. id.), a mountain temple, esp. at a cave. 
soa n -giam, id. giam-i n , id. 

gi<illl, a cluster of fruit (as grapes or lung-yen) or 
of flowers, chit-giam-a, a small cluster of them. 

giaill (R. id.), giam-ngi n , strong, brave, lusty, 
as a strong young man; stiff, as a bamboo or piece of 
wood, giam-jien, like as; as if. 

giaill (R. id.), to make official examination, search, 
or inspection, giam-khoa", id. kham-giam, id. 
tsa-giam, id. ke-giam, to be officially examined, 
&c. ; to have an official inspection. 

eng-giam, to fulfil; to accomplish, as prayer, pro- 
phecy, or medicine, leng-giam, able to answer pray- 
ers, hau-giam, to be efficacious, as medicine, prayers, 
or superstitious rites. 

giam-si, to hold an inquest on a corpse, giam- 
siong, officially examine a wound, giam. chhi"- 
siong, to examine fresh wounds officially, giam 
siong-bun, examine wounds more or less healed. 
giam -he, to examine goods, as customs officers, 
giam-tsun, examine a vessel, as customs, giam- 
hiong, id. giam-hong, to examine the seal of a 
package of government money on its way to see if it be 
sealed safe, giam-toa", a certificate given by customs 
officer stating the amount of goods found on board, 
se-giam-toa", id. 

giail (in several tones), better gien (q.v.) 

giang (R. gien). sui giang-giang, very pretty. 

giang (R. gien). giang-a, a small hand-bell 
used by priests, &c. sai-kong-giang, sort used by 
Tauist priests, gin-gong-giang, sound of such a 
bell, gin-giang, id. 

giang (C), = A. gidng (R.), to look up. 

giang, projecting, as a tooth, or as a nail not driven 
home, or as rocks on a hill or out of the water, giang- 
giang, id. 

gia|) (R. id. ), property ; heritable or landed property. 
keng-giap, diligent, industrious, su-giap, property 
enjoyed in turn by relations on condition of performing 
ancestral rites (from "sii," sacrificial offering). su- 
giap (R.), occupation, business, profession (from "su," 
business), su-giap, private property, kong-giap, 
property held in common, ke-giap, property, ki- 
giap, heritable property (v. ki). ui-giap, paternal or 

ancestral inheritance. ts6-giap, ancestral property, 
chhan-giap, landed property, san-giap, property, 

giap-tsu, the owner of a property, pun-giap, to 
divide a property, as among heirs, hak-giap, to buy 
a property, boe-giap, id. hui-giap, to waste an 
inheritance, kien-kong lip-giap, to obtain wealth 
and estate by one's own exertions. 

giiip — giap-mia", toilsome, wretched, ill fated 
life, giap-che, miserable life as recompense for great 
wickedness in a former life, hong giap, the wind 
very unfavourable. 

giat, giat. better, giet, giet (q.v.) 

11 Bail (R. id.), the ancient emperor Yau or Yaou. 
giau-sun, Yaou and Shun, the two great ancient 
emperors, giau-sun, id. giau-thien sun-jit, the 
golden age of Yau and Shun. 

giail — giau-gi, to doubt, to suspect, hoan- 
giau, suspected; raising suspicions, tau-a giau, 
one die lying on the top of another when thrown in 

giaull (cf. ngiau). giauh-giauh-hau, to say 
the same thing over and over, as a troublesome fel- 

gien (T.), = A. gin, to give an angry look with the 

gien [R. language; to speak], (C. g&n). tam- 
gien, to chat (v. tarn), iau-gien, idle talk and false 
rumours (v. iin). loan-gien, to talk at random, 
kek-gien (R.), extremely strong form of expression, 
generally somewhat exaggerated, ker-lang-gien, a 
saying of the ancients. 

nge-gien-si, odes in lines of five syllables or words. 
chhit-gien-si, odes in lines of seven syllables. 

bo-gien-su, not good at speaking (v. su). gien 
theng, ke chiong, words obeyed and plans followed, 
gien tiong, your advice is much valued; advice fol- 
lowed or attended to. gien kheng, I fear my words 
are light and will not be attended to (often politely said 
in self-depreciation); our advice not followed, goa-e- 
gien khin, id. 

gien-gu (C. gan-gi), language, talk, idle talk, gien- 
gu put-tong, language different, kau-gien-gu, 
fond of talking very much, as a tattler, chhien-gien 
ban-gu, a vast deal of talk. si"-gien tso-gu, to 
invent false reports, chhong-gien tso-gii (R.), 
id. ia-gien tok-gii, vile abusive language. 6e- 
gien tok-gii (R.), id. 

sia-chioh bien-gien, no credit given here (v. bien). 
khe^-chhut tai-gien (R.), speaking very proud boast- 
ful words, it-gien hong-chhut, su-ma lan-tui, 
four horses cannot catch a word once uttered, gien-to 
pit-sit, among many words some mistake is sure to 

1*1011 [R. giin, the eye], gien-cheng (C), = A. 
b&k-ch§ng, at present. 

gl (' II (C. ), = A. g6ng, to grind in a sort of long 

gi<m [R. lien, Mm, the face], siau-phi-gien, 
very mean, despicable, and niggardly, so as to insist on 
every cash. 

gH'll, craving for indulgence of some low appetite; 
lean, gien-gien, id. san-gien, very lean; skin 
and bone, ai-gien, feeling the terrible craving, ke- 
gien, to get over the craving, as by indulgence or by 
medicine, suh-gien, broken down and low-spirited. 






a-phien-gien, terrible craving for opium; opium 
horrors, esp. of an emaciated smoker, hun-gien, id. 
gien a-phien, feeling the opium horrors, gien- 
hun, do. ; having a strong craving for a smoke, gien- 
chiu, having a strong craving for intoxicating liquor, 
gien tsa-be\ feeling strong sexual impulse, as man. 
gien-kiau, feeling a strong craving for gambling. 

gien — tsui-gien-gien, quite drunk, song- 
gien-gien (esp. T.), extremely poor. 

giet (R. iet). giet-a, a scorpion, giet-la, id. 
giet-a-thang, id. 

giet [R. to eat up]. h§--li boe-giet--tit, will 
not let you swallow the money you expect to get out of 

giet (esp. T.), =giet, to joke and jest at a man. 
giet--lang, to joke ironically at a man's appearance, 
or at what he has done; to jibe at him. giet — lang 
phiet — lang, to speak contemptuously or insultingly 
to an inferior, so that he is put to shame; to scold 
severely, phiet-phiet giet-giet, to talk on in a 
scolding way. phiet kau-giet, to scold violently. 

giet (T. giet), to jest or jibe at a man. giet-siet, 
id. giet-siet e-6e, such talk (cf. next word). 

giet (R. id.), very wicked or vicious. giet-6e, 
talk about vile lascivious matters, giet-tiau, a very 
bad omen, giet-but, you vile wretch ! giet-thiok, 
you vicious brute ! said in scolding a very wicked boy 
or girl, iau-giet, how monstrously wicked ! said in 
scolding a very bad boy, or at something very extraordi- 
nary, unexpected, and unaccountably bad. tsok-giet, 
to act very wickedly, tsu-tsok-giet, to bring death 
on one's self by great wickedness, tsoe-giet, great 
crime, giet-tsu, a wild wicked boy, precocious in 
lust or crime, giet-tsu thiau-han, a wild, idle, ill- 
behaved boy. giet-tsu-kia", you wicked mischievous 
boy ! ok-chhe giet-tsu, bu-hoat kho-ti, wicked 
wife and sons, whom we cannot rule or restrain. 

giet — giet-kien, to play shuttle-cock. 

gill (cf. khih, ngih"). gih-gih.-cnh.oah, to trem- 
ble, as with fear, gih-gih-tsun, do., or with cold or 

gill [R. ku, lean, = col. khih, ngiauh"]. san-gih- 
gih, very lean, song-gih-gih, very poor. 

gilll (R. id.), to sing, esp. in a sort of chant, with a 
very long loud note at the end. gim-si, to chant odes. 

gilll — tim-gim, to think silently and deeply, as 
in planning something. 

gilll (R. id.) gim-ki n , the long broad stone step 
like a basement running along one or more sides of a 
house, gim-koe, id. gim-ke (C. ), id. chioh- 
gim, id. gim-e, in front of that stone step, gim- 
kham-E (C. ), id. gim-chioh, the stones of that long 
broad step. 

gilll, to talk over a man by specious talk, e.g. to 
buy too dear, or what he does not need, or so as to do 
something to his own injury. kap— lang poa n - 
chhui-gim, to have a good deal of discussion and dis- 
pute about a matter. 

gilll — tsui-gim, a beautiful flower (sort of 
mallow?) sau-chiu-gim, a white flower. 

gilll (Cn. kim), flowered silk, chit-gim, to weave 
flowered silk, siok-gim, flowered silk from Sze-chuen. 
gim-tiu, flowered silk, gim-siu, flowered and em- 
broidered silk. na n gim-siu, like them (said of a 
line essay), lin-16 gim-siu, splendid silks and satins. 
gim-sim siu-kher, fine mind and accomplished mouth. 

tso gim-long, to make a shrewd guess of the future 
(v. 16ng, a bag), gim-tun, a rich silk cushion, used 
at court by privileged ministers, gim-siong thiam- 
hoa (flowers added to flowered silk), said of very great 
wealth or literary talent, ma-siong gim-i hoe, to 
return on horseback wearing flowered silks, as a high 
literary graduate. 

gim-16, a savoury bowl of mixed meats, gim-16- 
tiam, an eating-house where it is sold, tsap-gim, an 
inferior sort, tsap-gim-thng, this sort with its soup. 
pien-te-gim, a small plant like clover, often round 
the roots of pot-flowers, gim-tsoa., a variegated harm- 
less snake, used in medicine. 

gilll, to grasp; to take in the hand. 

gilll — ng-gim-glm (T.), very yellow, as fruit. 

gill — gin-gong-giang, sound of small bells or 
jingling ornaments, gin-giang, id. 

gill (Cn. gun, T. gi6n), to frown and look with the 
white of the eye. bak-chiu gin, id. gin— goa, to 
look so at me. 

gin (C.), = A. gun, silver. 

gin (C.) per-gin-a, a plant used for making 
medicinal plasters. 

gill (C. kin, Cn. kan). gin-a, a young boy; a 
male child; said for ''I" by a man examined by a 
mandarin, gin-na, id. (Cn. kan-nga, kan-ngia, kan- 
ka"). gin-na-sek, behaviour of a child or boy (v. 
sek). gin-na-thun, a lad about fifteen, gin-na- 
ui, the caul or after-birth, tsa-ber gin-na, a girl, 
chhi-gin-na, a very young boy who serves for food 
and clothing without wages, gin-na-lang, a young 
lad; a lad unacquainted with the ways of the world. 

gin (C.) te-gin, = A. tho-un, the earth-worm. 

gill (Cn. gun). gin--lang, causing a feeling of 
disgust and displeasure in any one who sees it, &c. 
khoa n --liau chiu-gin--lang, the sight of it (or of 
him) causes disgust and aversion, and makes one look 
displeased; e.g. of a man somehow connected with us 
who will do wrong regardless of advice, khoa" — liau 
chiu-gin, id. khoa" chiti-gin, id. khoa"--liau 
chiu-gin — goa, the sight of him makes me utterly 
disgusted, goa he--i khoa n -tioh chiu gin--i, if 
I let him see me, it will excite his displeasure, khoa" — 
ki", chiu gin-sin, disgusted at the very sight of him 
(or it), kap — i gin-sin, all the more determined to 
do it because he is opposed and displeased, kap — i 
lang-gin, id. lang-gin, to speak or act intentionally 
so as to displease, disgust, or spite a man; to ridicule a 
man so as to spite him. put-chi lang-gin, quite 
out of humour; very much annoyed, as when teased or 
spited, or as at numerous mosquitoes or flies. 

bak-chiu gin-gin, to give an angry displeased 
glance or frown. 

giO — 6-gio, a sort of fig, from the seeds of which 
a cooling jelly is made. 6-gio-chi, its seeds. 6-gio- 
tang, the jelly made from it. 

giO (R. gilu), a cockle, gio-a, id.; also (vulg.), the 
female pudenda. gio--e, a namesake (same name 
compared to the two similar shells). 

giO (R. giau). gio-poe, a paddle for a boat. 

giO (C), (cf. ti6). chhio-gio (vulg.), very im- 
pudent and swaggering in manner. 

gio (R. kiau), (C. kio). le--gio, a sort of leek. 

gioll, an enclitic word, sometimes used in terminat- 
ing a statement (esp. T.) 

gioh, id. (?). 










gioll [R. gek (?), to offend]. gai-gi6h, uncom- 
fortable, as in mind, or in any part of the body, often 
from some slight annoyance. ngai n -gioh, id. thia" — 
liau, put-chi ngai n -gioh, feeling very uncomfort- 
able after hearing it. 

gioll (C. geh, T. gi6h, geh), to jeer, jest, or jibe; to 
mock, taunt, or jest ironically at a man, esp. for some 
old fault. gioh--lang, id. gioh-sioh, id. kap- 
i-gioh, to jest or jeer at him. sa n -gioh, jest and 
jeer at one another, gi.6h.-lai gioh-khi, id. gioh- 
gih. (C), to jeer or mock at. 

g'i6k (R. id.), (C. giak). po-giok, to tyrannize; 
cruel and tyrannical (as sovereign or very high mandarin). 

gidk (C), = A. gek (prison, hell, &c.) 

gi6k [R. jade-stone, = col. gek], also (C.) colloquial 
= A. gek, in all phrases. 

giok-chiam-hoe, a sort of lily, giok-ien, a 
beautiful small bird, giok-pin, a sort of academy in 
Amoy where literary prizes are competed for, but not 
for degrees, giok-hong, the idol Yuh-hwang (v. 
hong), giok-te, id. giok-chi, his commands. 

giOIlg (R. kiong). giong-chhiu, = ki6ng-chhiu, 
to join one's own hands and shake them as a saluta- 

giOIlg [R to look upwards], (C. gi&ng), turned 
somewhat upwards, said of the lower support (e-kim) of 
a Chinese helm, giong-bong (R. ), to look upwards. 

gl|) (R. id.) gip-gip, in danger of falling, as over 
a precipice, or on a steep slope. 

gill [R. a cow, = col. gu], a surname, giu-tsong, 
New-chwang. giu-hong, cow bezoar; biliary calculus 
of cow. giu-chhek, a medicinal plant (Pupalia geni- 
culata, and other Amaranthaceae'?). giu-chhek-chhau, 
id. giu-chhip, id.; the medicine made of it. 

gill, to snatch suddenly. giu--lai, to take a thing 
suddenly, e.g. lay hold (in sport) of a man's money, as 
if going to appropriate it. khit-goa-giu — lai, got 
by me suddenly and unexpectedly, as money or things. 

gillh (C), = A. khiuh. song-giuh-giuh, very 

gO (R. g6, ngw), a goose, = gia. go-kak, a gander, 
go-chiu", goose's web-foot. 

gO" (R. id.) go-a-chhai, a plant used for plaster- 
ing up sores, and for feeding ducks. 

gd, = ge\ seng-go (C), = A. t&-seng, a sort of 
cedar or pine. 

gO (R. id.), to distil, go-chiu, to distil spirits. 
go-ch.iu-th.ang, a Chinese still, made like an alembic, 
go-chiu-tsui, the water used for condensing in dis- 

g6 (T. ), = A. ng&. au-go, cancer (?) in the throat. 

gO [R. id., cf. ko, ko], to whirl round (neuter); to 
revolve on its axis, as a top or a globe. i"-i"-go, id. 
lin-lin-go, id. hoang-go (T.), = A. hong-chhe-lien, 
a toy that whirls round by the wind. 

gO (R. id.), to starve (neuter). go--si, to die of 
starvation, iau-go, hungry and starving, iau-koa n - 
go, cold and starving, phien-chhia" hai-go (deceit- 
fully invite to eat so as to starve him), said of deceitfully 
breaking a promise, chit-jit, chiah sa n -tftg: chit- 
mi", go kau-kng, eat three meals in the day and 
starve all night (said in joke). 

gO (R. id.), =nge\ kiau-go, proud. 

gO" (R. id.), =ngw (T. k&). peh-ge, a large white 
fish, very fond of leaping. g&-hi, id. (r.), said by 

landsmen, ang-ge, a fish like a shark; some say a 
large sort of shark. 

gO" (R. ngtf, g«r), a surname; the ancient kingdom 
of Woo, about Che-kiang and Shanghai. g&-chin- 
jin, an idol of that surname, = tai-to-kong, a native of 
Peh-ta, near Hai-chhng. 

gO — gi-g&, a thorny shrub with white blossoms, 
somewhat like the sloe, used medicinally. 

gO (C.) siong-ger, = seng-go, = A. t&-seng, a sort 
of pine like a cedar. 

gO (R. id.) g&-tong, a tree with large leaves, 
Dryandra or Sterculia platanifolial 

gO (R. id.) g&-khi, the leech. 

gO, v. ngff (several words). 

gO (R. ng6), five, chhin-chia" g§--geh, rela- 
tives and friends (v. geh). gff-geh, the fifth month, 
counted unlucky for beginning matters, because "gs" 
also means to mistake and to injure, gfy-geh-tsoeh, 
the 5.5. g0-si-su, slips of paper pasted on doors on 
that day. 

ger-kak, = nger-kok, the five grains, now used to 
include potatoes, &c, also, gff-phang, a large long 
river-boat covered with five mats, ge'-tsang-thau, 
the principal part of an affair, &c. (v. tsang). 

gff-tsap, fifty, it-ge it-tsap, the scries of 5, 10, 
15, &c. it-gff it-tsap ka-i-kong, tell him minutely 
and particularly, chiong-sam koe-ge", to deceive 
(lit. change 3 to 5, easily done in Chinese), sam- 
put-ge-si, occasionally; sometimes; from time to time. 

gO (R. nger). ger-si, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. g«r-si- 
chia 11 exactly at noon ; 12 o'clock noon. 

gO (R. id.), to lead into loss or disaster; to injure 
and delude, as by bad teaching. g& lang — e tsii-te, 
to spoil or ruin other people's children, as by neglecting 
their instruction, by incompetent or bad teaching, or by 
leading them into vice. g&— lang liau-chi", to lead 
a man into a losing concern, either intentionally or by 
mistake, ger-su, to spoil a case; to ruin an affair, as 
by mismanagement, tsu-ge, to injure one's self, as 
by neglecting and losing a rare opportunity, tam-ge, 
to disappoint the trust placed in us, as by forsaking a 
wife, or by dying shortly after marriage. 

gO (R. id.) sit-ge, mistake, chho-ger, id. tui- 
thau-gff, mistake and misunderstanding on both sides. 
liong-ge, a misunderstanding either on one or both 
sides. sa, n -g&, to fail in keeping an appointment or a 
promise; to disappoint, from mistake, or carelessness, or 
set purpose. sa"-ta n -ge\ mistake as from not hearing 
plainly, &c. sa n -g«r-ta n (T.), id. chhiet-chhiet 
but-ge', be most careful to make no mistake. g&- 
thok, to put mistaken confidence in a man. ge'-siong, 
to wound accidentally, g&sat, to kill accidentally. 
ge-hoan, to offend unintentionally. ge f -tah--tioh, 
to tread on by mistake, &c. &c. 

gO [R. to meet with], bo-gi-ger, quite unex- 

gO [R. to awaken], =ng9\ liau-ge - (R.), to awake 
to a sense of the vanity of the world (a Buddhist phrase). 
chhi"-g§ : (X.), to awake to the knowledge of a truth. 

gO (R. nger). gff-tsoh, a coroner. 

gO (T.), = A. g6, mind confused and perplexed. 
gOil (R. nge-), I, me. goa-e, my; mine, li-goa, 
you and I. 

gOil (R. ga), exclamation of astonishment, goa- 
piang (T.), id. goa-pe (Cn.), id. goa-ka n (Cn.), 
id. goa-kia" (Cn.), id. 










gOil (R. goe), out; outside; besides; more than; ex- 
cepting; by female side, of relations and connections. 

goa-kang, the provinces where mandarin is spoken 
(v. kang, a river), goa-iii, a petty officer, like a ser- 
geant-major, just below "pe-ts6ng." giah-goa, a 
sergeant (v. giah). 

goa-chheh, second-rate books, i.e. all books except 
the classics and their commentaries; some also except 
the great historical works, goa-tsai, external polite 
accomplishments, &c. (v. tsai). put-chi goa-khi, 
fond of outward display ; dashing. khah-u goa- 
khi, id. khah-u goa-khui, id. kek goa-khui, 
to affect display or a dashing manner, when quite be- 
yond his circumstances, e.g. a man of no consequence 
talking very big. goa-phe, external, goa-khau, 
outside (v. khau). goa-bin, outside, goa-thau, id. 
goa-sin, farther out, as compared with another place. 
goa-peng, the outside, mhg-goa, outside the door 
or gate, chhut-goa, to go from home, esp. to emi- 
grate, goa-kheh, a travelling merchant from a dis- 
tance; visitors not nearly related, as at funeral cere- 

hun-goa, beyond our sphere of duty, tsap-goa, 
more than ten; generally nearly twenty, tsap-goa- 
goa, a great deal more than ten, as about twenty. 
chheng-goa, above a thousand, &c. &c. chheng- 
goa-lang, more than a thousand men. leng-goa, 
besides this; in addition, i-goa, besides; except, goa 
i-goa, besides me; excepting me. tu-si i-goa, ex- 
cepting death, tu.i-tu.-goa, balance, on either side 
(v. tft)". 

goa-si n , of a different surname, goa-kong, mater- 
nal grandfather, goa -ma, maternal grandmother. 
goa-tit, son of wife's brother, goa-tit-sun, son of 
wife's brother's son, or son of brother's daughter, goa- 
sun, daughter's child, goa-ke, a woman's own rela- 
tives, said after she is married, li — e goa-ke ti ta- 
loh, where do your own relations live? (said to a married 

lai-goa, in and out. poa n -lai-goa, half in, half 
out; not plainly and definitely choosing one's line of 
action, chhut-jip lai-goa, said of an experienced 
person, u-lai u-goa, properly divided, as house with 
outer and inner rooms for men and women; attending 
to act with propriety towards various classes of persons, 
lai-chhin goa-chhek, connections by blood and by 
marriage (v. chhek). 

Ji'oAll [R. hifin, dark-coloured, profound], goan- 
som, a very cheap sort of ginseng, not really a Panax, 
goan-sun, great-great-grandson, goan-bu, = hi&n- 
bu, a spirit worshipped by Tauists. 

UOJI1I [R. oan, round, an official], ui-goan, = 
lii-oan, a smaller mandarin sent out by a superior with 
a commission for some special temporary purpose, goan- 
cbhe, police runners or constables, who serve and exe- 
cute warrants and seize criminals. 

goflll (R.), a large turtle or tortoise spoken of in 
the classics. goan-go (R.), two such animals, goan- 
ng& (R.), id. su-su, thak thau-thau: boe-hiau- 
sia goan-nge ku-pih-tsau, having read the four 
books all through, but unable to write these five char- 
acters (very like and complicated). 

gOiin [R. commencement, principal], khiau-kha 
goan, this character, so called to distinguish it from 
the following word. 

goan-tiau, the Yuen dynasty; the Mongol dynasty. 
goan-sde, a commander-in-chief (v. s6e). goan-si 

thien-tsun, the supreme God of the Tauists. goan- 
po, a silver ingot; a sort of idolatrous paper, chiu- 
goan, the sort of cash specially used for divining by 

chiong-goan, the senior wrangler of the Han-lin 
Imperial Academy, the highest literary rank, tsong- 
goan, id. chiong-goan pai-siong, said of his be- 
coming prime minister, as sometimes happens, chiong- 
goan-tiu, a game of chance (v. tiu). chiong-goan- 
chhi", = bun-khiok-chhi n , a very auspicious star, 
chiong-goan-toe, a grave-site good enough to pro- 
duce an imperial senior wrangler, boe-goan. the 
highest of the Tsin-sze (chin-su) graduates, kai- 
goan, the highest of the Kujin graduates, a-goan, 
a Kujin graduate somewhat lower on the list, tiong 
sam-goan, to gain these three highest honours, kai- 
goan, hoe-go<\n, and chiong-goan, in succession, lien- 
tiong sam-goan, may you in rapid succession win 
the highest possible literary honours, poat-goan, 
title given to a "li'm-seng" selected once in twelve years 
out of each Hien. 

goan-tan, New-year's morning, goan-siau, the 
feast of lanterns, on the evening of 1 . 15. siong- 
goan, the 1 . 15. siong-goan-i", small sweet rice- 
balls, now used at any time, tiong-goan, the 7. 15. 
ba-goan (R.), the 10. 15. 

goan-khi, one's fundamental constitution, goan- 
kbi sit, constitution become feeble, goan-khi ong, 
very strong and healthy, ke-goan-khi, to take care 
of one's health and constitution, sun goan-khi, to 
injure one's constitution, as by lust or any excess, per 
goan-khi, to restore the constitution, as by strengthen- 
ing medicine, goan -sin, natural constitution, as 
strong or weak (v. sin), siu-goan, longevity, in some 
phrases (v. siu). 

UO.'III [R. origin, beginning, to forgive], goan- 
cheng, to forgive or treat with forbearance one who 
has committed a fault; having a forgiving disposition. 
goan i-e-cheng, to treat him with forbearance; to 
forgive him. 

goan-ko, the plaintiff, goan-pi. plaintiff and 
defendant, goan-lang, the principal party in a bar- 
gain or dispute, goan-ui, original place, goan-le, 
the same road by which we went, goan-ke, prime 
cost. goan-giah, the original quantity or state. 
goan-mih", the original articles unchanged, goan- 
tsng-be, goods as originally made, not dressed up or 
flavoured for the market, goan-hong put-tong, 
goods in the original package unopened, goan-jim, 
holding the same office for a second term, chiau 
goan -jit, according to the date originally fixed, goan- 
seng put-kai, bad nature not reformed, iu-goan, 
as formerly, chiau-goan, id. goan-ku, id. goan- 
iu, origin, as of an affair, goan-thau, id. (s. foun- 
tain), piin-goan, origin, goan-pun, id. ; originally, 
goan-lai, originally, tng-goan-chhe", at the be- 
ginning. tng-goa.n-chb.oe, id. chhiu kun-goan, 
to search for the origin of the matter (or next word !). 
goan, siu, cbhut, tsiin, balance in one's cash-book, 
&c. goan-phoe, the wife whom a man marries first 
of all. 

khut-goan, the ancient worthy whose death is com- 
memorated on 5. 5. 

g'Oilll [R. a fountain-head], tsui-goan, a foun- 
tain-head, goan-thau, id. (s. origin), tsui-goan, 
bok-pun, a tree has a root, water has a fountain-head; 
so men should honour and reverence the fountain of 
their being, their parents, sui-goan bok-pun. id. 








bok-piin sui-goan, id. kun-goan, root or origin 
(or last word). 

gOilll, we; us (excluding the person or persons 
spoken to); I; our; my. goan-e, our; ours; my; mine, 
goan-pe, my father, goan-tau, my home, goan- 
e-lang, one of my or our relatives or party (not yours). 

gOail [R. to amuse one's self with], k6-goan, 
toys; playthings, goan-khi, id. koan-san goan- 
sui, to go about for amusement looking at scenery. 
goan-si6ng (R.), to look at, as a view, siong- 
goan (R.), id. 

gOUH (R. id.), a vow. he -goan, to make a vow 
in a formal way, as before an idol (v. he), hoat-goan, 
to vow, esp. by mere language, as in sudden danger. 
hoat-phai n -goan, to vow to commit a crime, se- 
goan (r.), to make a solemn vow. sia-goan, to per- 
form one's vow, esp. said when the vow was in the more 
formal way of "he-goan." heng-goan (r. ), id. 
koe-goan, to perform a vow, esp. of the less formal 
" hoat-goan." 

gOail [R. willing ; desire ; would that]. kam- 
goan, willing to make no opposition, sim-goan, the 
desire of the heart, cheng-goan, heartily willing. 
kam-sim cheng-goan, heartily willing, liong- 
goan, both parties quite willing, satisfied, and pleased. 
chiok-goan, having all one's desire gratified, ju- 
goan, one's wishes or desires accomplished, ju-goan 
ju-i, id. sui--lang i-goan, to fulfil a man's wish. 
than — goa i-goan, it came out just as 1 wished, 
thien-chiong jin-goan, Heaven fulfils men's de- 
sires, jin iu sien-goan, thien pit-chi6r>g--chi, 
Heaven certainly fulfils men's good desires. koa" 
toan, put-ju. bin-goan, the voluntary obedience of 
the people is better than the judgment of mandarins. 

goat [R. the moon, = col. geh]. jit-goat, the two 
side-boards of a coffin; also (R. ), the sun and moon, 
jit-goat ju-so, days and months are like a shuttle. 
ehheng-hong beng-goat, pleasant cool wind and 
bright moon, liok- goat -song, a sort of cooling 
medicine, goat-a-peng, the 74th or 130th radical 
when written at the side, though properly the 130th is 
not "goat" but "jiok." goat-li siong-nge, a beau- 
tiful lady (in the moon), siong-goat (R.), to gaze at 
the moon. 

goat (Cn.), = A. oat (R.), to say. 

gOG, to rub against, as a boat or rope, &c. goe — 
tioh, id. goe-thg, to get broken by rubbing, as a 

g6e (R. ge), (Cn. g8e; C. gS), a surname. 

g6'e (Cn.) kap-goe, a young frog, kap-goe- 
kui, a tadpole. 

goe (R. id.) goe-seng, a sister's son. goe- 
seng-lu, a sister's daughter. 

goe [R. out, outside, = col. goa,]. loe-siong goe- 
kam, internal predisposition to disease developed by a 
cold or chill, kek-goe (R.), exceedingly, extraordi- 
narily (only with verbs), i-goe e-tai-chi (r.), things 
quite beyond expectation. 

gOe [R. ge, handicraft], = ge. kang-goe, handi- 
craft; workmanship, chhiu-goe, id. ki-goe, skill 
at handicraft, tsoe-goe, to make small things at 
leisure time for amusement, bu-goe, military arts 
and exercises, ho-bii-goe, well-trained in military 
exercises, pi bu-goe, to teach or exercise or make 
trial of skill in military exercises, as fencing, arch- 
err, &c 

gdell (C. ), = A. geh, the moon, a month, goeh 
teng, the moon at the zenith, goeh theng, id. 

it oil (Cn.), = A. geh, the moon; a month. 

gok (R. id.), the sea eagle, gok-chiau, id. ; also, 
a man well acquainted with the management of affairs 
and not afraid to act as a leader, sia-gok, a man who 
is a leader in his village, not by appointment, but just 
because all fear him. lang-gok, id. tsoe-lang- 
gok, to act very imperiously, as such a man. 

g6k (R. id. ) gok-hi, the crocodile or alligator. 

g6k (R. id.) chhok-gok (R.), to start suddenly. 
chhok-gok--chit-e, id. (r. ) 

gOllg — gin-gong-giang, sound of jingling 
bells, as in Buddhist rites. 

gOllg — gong-ngiah, suddenly surprised; startled 
and afraid. 

gOng (R. id.), stupid; foolish and dull; slightly 
giddy; sometimes put before names of men in a familiar 
colloquial form. gong -tit, rather too blunt and 
simple. gong-ta n , rash, gong-thuh-thuh, want- 
ing in ability; foolish-looking, gong-thoh (C), id. 
kham-gong, foolish and somewhat rash in speaking 
or acting, am-kham-gong, id. gu-gong (r.), 
foolish, gong-thau gong-bin, foolish; stupid-look- 
ing, tien-gong, idiotic (v. tien). siau-gong, fond 
of gambling, low jokes, or foolish pleasures, tong- 
gong, having a dull or foolish-like manner, as an old 
man. lau-tong-gong, old man of dull appearance. 
gong-sin, stupid-looking; having the appearance of 
dull stupidity, gong-lang, you foolish fellow! If 
teh-gong, you are acting or going to act foolishly. 
li-gong, nonsense! you know nothing about it! i- 
chiah li-gong, he profits by your stupidity, gong- 
siu n , foolishly purposing or planning; said politely in 
giving our advice or opinion, gong-jip, bo gong- 
chhut, pretending not to understand (as in counting 
money) so as to gain, but taking good care not to lose. 
eng-gong-chi", to waste money foolishly on self-in- 
dulgence; spend fool's pence, eng gong-a-chi", id. 
poah-gong-kiau, stupidly gambling away money, as 
a dupe. gong kau na" si-lang, as stupid as a 
corpse, gong khah-chham-si, your extreme stupid- 
ity is worse than death. 

hin-gong, giddy, dizzy, hin-gong-gong, id. 
thau-khak gong-gong, head slightly giddy, as 
with weakness or sickness. 

khong-gong, having a proud bearing, as ignorant 
man who thinks himself knowing. 

hai-lam-gong, a large bird (from Hai-nan) like a 
pelican; said of a big dull simple-looking fellow, gong- 
a-soa, the large shark. 

gll (R. giu), a cow; an ox; anything put under a 
lever to serve as a fulcrum, toa-gu, the large beam 
from which a coffin hangs when carried, this great beam 
being supported by numerous ropes and poles, called 
"chhia." tin-gu (T.), a small instrument making 
a humming noise, attached to a kite. 

chhun-gu, the earthen cow carried in procession 
and broken at the spring festival, chhun-gu-te, the 
common Chinese sheet almanac, toe-gu, the great 
cow under the earth that bears up the world, toe-gu 
oa n -keng, that cow shifting its shoulders, so causing 

fig-gu., the common cow. chhiah-gu, id. sui- 
gu, the water buffalo (s. fish), sai-gu, the rhinoceros. 
ia-gu, a wild ox. gu-kang, a bull, sui-gu-kang, 
also (T.), a thin variegated beetle, about an inch long, 









with long antennae. soa n -gfl-kang (A.), id. gfl ifl" 
be, cows, goats, and horses, bo-gfl sai-be, if you 
can't get a cow, use a horse, gfl-ia be-ia, two idols 
with heads of a cow and horse respectively, attending 
on Giam-16-6ng, and sometimes on S6ng-hong-ia. gu- 
thau be-bin, id. gfl-chiong-kun, the cow-headed 

gfl-thau liok-tsut, clownish fellow, said in scold- 
ing. chhi n -mi"-gfl (blind cow), an illiterate clown, 
lang sim-koa", gu pak-te- (man's heart, cow's 
belly), very covetous or ambitious. 

gfl-tsau, a slaughter-house for cattle, gfl-noa", a 
fold for cattle, gfl-tiau, a stall for cattle, gu-bo, 
a mill turned by oxen, gfl.-ch.bia, a cart drawn by 
oxen, gfl-liau, a rope by which a cow is led or tied, 
gfl-kng, a ring for nose of ox; a sort of worm, gfl- 
kak. horn, gfl-kak-kong, a sort of horn blown by 
priests. gfl-te\ tripe, gfl-lin, milk; sometimes said 
of salted curdled milk, gu-leng, id. (v. leng). gfl- 
ni", id. gfl-lin-cbiu" (C), milk. gfl-lin-ifl, 

iig-gfl, to tend cattle, as herd-boy. koa-gfl, to 
yoke cattle for ploughing, ka-gfl, to train a cow or 
ox yet untrained. 

gfl-nng, a star worshipped along with "chit-lu." 
gfl-kak-cbbi, a very hard wood, gfl-be-hi, a sort 
of fish, =tek-kah. 

gU [R. a fish, = col. hi], sfli-gfl (Cn. sui-hS), a 
flat brass plate with a hole, that falls on the staple for 
the padlock of a door or drawer, ng sui-gfl, to play 
at blindman's buff, bok-gfl, a wooden drum, shaped 
like a fish. 

gU [R. to fish], (C. gi; Cn. gu). gfl-ong (polite), 
a fisherman, ut-pang siong-cbbi, gfl-jin tek-li, 
when the oyster and the bird catch each other, the fisher- 
man gets gain (said of the expenses of lawsuits.) 

gU [R foolish], (C. gi). gfl-tsoat, foolish, stupid 
(said politely of one's self), gfl-chhun, stupid, foolish. 
gu-thun, id. gfl-gong (r. X. ), id. gfl-tfl, stupidly 
dogged and rough (v. tu). gfl-thfl, id. gfl-bin, 
the ignorant people, pbab-be, chin si-gfl, he who 
beats his wife is certainly a fool. 

gll [R. to be on one's guard, to be prepared for], 
(C. gi), a surname, hong-sui put-gfl, sudden, un- 
expected, unavoidable calamity, as by sudden and ter- 
rible wind, waves, floods, rains, storms, fire, robbers, 
&c. hong-sui put-gfl, goa bo ka-li-po, I will 
not take the responsibility of insuring you against such 
sudden casualties. 

gll [R. speech, a saying], (C. gi, Cn. gu). gien- 
gu (C. gan-gf), language, conversation, talk (v. gien). 
im-gu, language, im-gu put-siong-tong, language 
different, siok-gu, a common phrase; a common pro- 
verb or saying, seng-gu, a phrase originally literary 
which has become colloquial or nearly so. khau- 
thau-gu, usual phrases for commencing a sentence, as 
used commonly in special places or by particular persons. 
tho-gu, polite salutations and questions about health, 
weather, &c, used on meeting friends or in letters, &c. 
thd-thau-gu, id. tiong-hong put-gu, a very 
sudden and fatal disease which at once deprives of the 
power of speech. 

phoe-gu (C. phe-gf), a mandarin's written answer 
to a petition, chham-gu, a prophecy, lin-gu, a 
phrase with a hidden meaning, as an inuendo or a play 
upon words, either a set phrase or made on the occa- 
sion, chia chhui-gu, to pretend to have a verbal 

order so as fraudulently to get possession of things for 
one's self. 

gU [R. imperial], (C. gi, Cn. gii). gu-su, imperial 
censors at Pekin, one for each province, gu-tsiig, an 
accusation before the supreme tribunal at the metropolis. 
gu-hui, the personal names of emperor or princes, 
which must not be written or spoken, gu-lim-kun, 
the palace guards, gu-ka, the imperial equipage. 
gu-ka chhin-cheng, the emperor going to war in 

gll [R. to lodge], (C. gi, Cn. gu). gu-ser, a lodging- 
place; lodgings. 

gU (R. id.), (C. gi), to meet with. gu--tioh, to 
meet with, gu-bo-tioh, not manage to meet with, 
though having tried, tu-gu-tioh, to meet with by 
chance, tu-gu chit-jit, it chanced one day. tu-gu 
i-lai, when I thought of going to him, he came to me. 
tsau-chhat gu-ti6h-he% fleeing from robbers met a 
tiger (out of the frying-pan into the fire), nger-gu- 
jien, unexpectedly (v. nge-). 

keng-gu, circumstances good or bad, as of a man or 
of a family or place, tso-gu, fortune, luck, circum- 
stances or opportunity, as good or bad. ho-tso-gu. 
a fortunate opportunity, favourable circumstances. 
phai n -tso-gu, unfavourable state of matters. bo- 
tso-gu, id. i--e tso-gu, his opportunity. 

gU — an-gu, words said to a baby, a-gu, an 
insect like a small cicada, named from its shrill voice. 

gUi (R. id.) gfli-hiam, dangerous; danger, 
gfli-kip, very urgent and pressing (and dangerous to 
delay), as an affair, lim-gui, to come into great and 
imminent danger. 

gfli [R. deceitful, false], tsa-gui, very cunning 
and deceitful. 

glli (R. id.), name of an ancient state, Wei; a sur- 

glli (R. id.) a-gui, assafoetida. 

glli (cf. bui, pui). chhiu-gui, the tree-bug. bat- 
sat chhio chhiu-gui, the bed-bug laughing at the 
tree-bug (the pot calling the kettle black). 

glli" (Cn.), = A. geng. geng-gui", = A. geng- 
g6ng, the dragon's-eye or lung-yen fruit. 

gfin (R. id.), (C. gin, Cn. gun), silver, money, 
gfln-a, small silver coins, &c. gfln-khl, silver 
articles, gun-hang, silver; money, bun-gun, sycee 
silver (v. bun). chiok-sia"-gfln, pure silver, gfin 
b6-sim-mih n -koai n , the silver is not very good. 
ke-gfln, impure silver, with much alloy, ke-gfln, 
spurious silver, ke-gfln (C. ke), value or price in 
silver, ke-gfln (C. k6e), to transmit silver to a su- 
perior mandarin (v. ke, to send under escort), ke-gfln 
(C. k6e), to hand over silver, tang-gfln, silver heavily 
adulterated with brass or copper, tang-gfln boe 
tsoa-hia, bad silver buying paper boots; cheaters 
cheating each other, chhui-gfln, broken dollars or 
silver, gfln-chhui, id. gfln-iu, id. hoe-gfln, 
dollars much stamped, lan-san-gfln, a few loose 
dollars, not up to ten, or not put in a roll, toa-gfln 
(L.), good large dollars, hut-thau-gfln, .Spanish 
dollars, chiau-a-gfln, Mexican dollars. koai n -a- 
gfln, Bolivian dollars. 

nng-gfln, dollars counted a little lighter, hien- 
gfln, ready money. ien-gfln, money subscribed, 
tsai-gfln, freight. tia n -gfln, earnest-money, teh- 
toe-gfln, money advanced on a lease, to be repaid if 
the house be taken back, hiong-gfln, money received 






for customs dues; pay of soldiers, marines, &c. tiong- 
gun ( = C. hap-tek, = ge-chi n ), commission or brokerage 
for selling goods, peng-gun, commission or brokerage 
paid by the buyer., money in silver; a silver head, gun- ong, money abundant, as in village or hong. 
chi"-giln, money in general, tsai-chi" tsai-gun, 
to carry a very valuable cargo, chit — e gfin-chi", one 
silver coin; one dollar, gun -tia", silver ingots shaped 
liked an hour-glass, gun-kho, silver ingots of semi- 
circular shape (v. kh6). gun-kher, a treasury, kher- 
gun, money of the state treasury, geh-gun, monthly 
wages or salary. 

kirn-gun, gold and silver; money; paper used for 
idolatrous burning (v. kim). gun-poh, tin -foil, 
gun-bin, silver-plated or silvered, gun-pai, a silver 
medal, gun-tsiii, percentage of a few cash allowed to 
buyer when payment is made in silver (v. tsiii). gun- 
hun, difference of light and heavy dollars (v. hun). 
gun-ke, value of a dollar in cash according to varying 
exchange, gun-chioh, a touchstone for rubbing silver 
upon, giin-soa, a very fine white sort of sand from 
Quemoy. gun-chheng-kah, a sort of vest with side 
pockets for money, gun-sio, a strong box for carry- 
ing treasure (v. sio). giin-kui, a man in a hong who 
has charge of the money; a cashier; a large strong box 
for keeping money. 

khoa n - gun, to examine dollars to see if they be 
good, bat-gun, skilled in examining dollars, tu- 
gun, to deduct so much from a payment (v. tu). nia"- 
gun, to receive money, jip-gun, to get silver in 
change for cash; to pay money on account. 

tui-gun, to get silver in exchange for cash or for gold. 
tui-gun, to transfer money to or from a distance by a 
bill, draft, cheque, &c. boe-gun, to sell so much as that 
the payment is in silver (v. boe). chiu"-gun, to come 
up to a sum payable in silver, as a price or an account, 
kheng-gun, to melt silver (v. kheng). 

sui-gun, quicksilver; mercury, gun-tsu, ver- 
milion; cinnabar; red ink. gtln-heng, a white medi- 
cinal nut. gun-ho, the milky way. gun-hi, a 
small edible worm-shaped fish. 

glin [R. the gums], khi-gun (R.), the gums. 

glin (Cn.), =gin, to look angrily at one. 

glin, = goan, we, us (excluding the person or persons 
spoken to). 

gllll (Cn.), = A. gin, to cause a feeling of disgust or 
aversion, &c. 

gW«l, gwa; better, goa, goii (q.v.) 
gWJin, gwan, gwan ; better, goan, goan, goan 
gwat; better, goat (q.v.) 




h, in the reading form, often becomes k in colloquial, 
and in some words ph. Sometimes it is dropped. 

h, in some colloquial words, comes from 1 in the 
reading form, especially when the preceding word ends 
in n, and in the Cn. dialect, e.g. hoan-h6, sin-h6. Some- 
times it comes from g. 

llil, to breathe out gently, ha -sio, to warm by 
breathing on. eng-chhui ha, to breath gently on, 
e.g. to moisten or warm a thing. 

ha (cf. hah), ha-ha-chhio, to laugh loud with 
mouth open, chhio ha-ha, id. ha-ha toa-chhio, 
do. very loud. 

ha — ha-la-ni n , a sort of woollen cloth (v. la). 

ha (R. id.), (C. he), a flaw, as in pottery or as in a 
gem. ha. -hun, id. ha, -hun, dim and cloudy, as 
night when the moon gives little light, bo-ha, fault- 
less, as a gem, &c. u-ha, having a flaw, as gem. 

ha, to bind round ; to gird, ha-oa, to tie loosely 
together, ha chhau-a, to bind grass or small brush- 
wood loosely for fuel, ha thau-pe, to put on a turban 
or head -band; to wear it. ha, er-kun, to put on a 
broad black ribbon on the head, as women, ha-nia", 
to put on a collar, ha t^r-koa", to tie on a pouch 
( like a sporran) on the belly, ha-io, to gird the loins. 
ha, io-toa, id. 

lia [R. ga, a tooth], ha-lan (C), =A. gia-lan, 

lia [R. a shrimp, a toad], (C. he). ha-b§, dried 
toads (medicinal). 

ha (T., Cn. hah). ha-sa = A. sau-hong, gaping in 
chinks, as wooden floor or bucket, ha-sau, id. 

ha [R- hau, filial duty], mourning worn for superiors. 
u-ha--teh, to wear mourning. u-ha, to wear 

mourning; also (esp. C), to act in a filial manner 
towards parents. sng-ha, mourning dress. ha- 
sa n , id. ha-hok, id. u-ha-hok to be in mourn- 
ing, ha-hok be-moa", period of mourning not 
yet ended, ha-be, short time before end of mourn- 
ing, thhg-ha, to put off mourning, toa-ha, to 
wear mourning, chheng-moa," toa-ha, to be in 
very deepest mourning, koa-ha, to hang white sack- 
cloth at the door, khia-ha, to have offerings and rites 
(in the house) for a person recently deceased. sa"-ni"- 
ha, mourning for twenty-seven months. tui-ni"-ha, 
one year's mourning, as for brother, sun-ha-chhoa, 
to marry immediately after parent's death, so that the 
bride may join in the funeral rites, chiu-ha-chhoa 
(T.), id. ha-thng, a stick with white paper on it 
carried by a son at funeral. 

ha [R. id., leisure, =coL he], (C. he, T. hau). han- 
ha, leisure; at leisure. 

lia [R. summer, = col. he; China], (C. he), a sur- 
name; the Hea dynasty, hoa-ha (R.), China, ha- 
tiau, the Hea dynasty, ha-per (R), summer-cloth; 
grass-cloth, poan-ha, a medicine for cough. 

ha [R. a mansion, Amoy], (C. he), ha-bun (R), 
Amoy, =col. "e-mng." ha-to, the Amoy steelyard 
rates, making one dollar weigh seven mace and six 
candareens (v. t6). 

lia ( = hoa, =ka). ha-ha-kun, to be noisy at 

ha [R. low, to lower, to descend, = col. e, ke], (C. he), 
su-ha, secretly, private, ha-chien, mean, low, as 
employment or station, e.g. of slaves, actors, &e. ha- 
tsoh, mean and shameful, as actions, goa bo-beh 
hiah-ha-tsoh, I will not demean myself so much, e.g. 






to ask a favour from such a man. ha-liu put-siau, 
mean, worthless (person), ha-teng, inferior quality 
(men or things), ha-poe. persons lower in genealogical 
rank, ha-siok e-lang, people of very mean condition 
(v. siok, common, mean). i--e ha-siok, persons under 
his special control, e.g. inferior officers (v. siok, to be- 
long to). 

siong-tiong-ha, top, middle, and bottom; three 
qualities — best, medium, and inferior; first, second, and 
third, when there are only three, ktV-siong, put- 
ker-ha (looking above, but not below), leaving various 
parts of a matter not attended to, so that it goes wrong. 
siong put-cheng, chek ha-oai, when superiors 
are wicked, so are their inferiors, siong put-cheng, 
chek ha -ban, a wicked superior gets no respect. 
ha-goan (B.), the 10. 15. 

chhia" hong-ha, just leave that over till other 
matters are first settled, chhia"- an - ha, id. ha 
chien-tsu, to send a challenge to battle, pit ha 
chhiau-seng, the pen writes down, "Let him live." 
ha-san-her, a tight vest with many buttons (v. her). 

ha-hiet, to have dysentery. tai-siau-pien vi- 
lla, to have a motion and pass urine, as sick man under 
treatment, ha-siau, seminal diseases, esp. spermat- 
orrhoea (v. siau). 

boe-tit — thang ha-tai, cannot manage to conclude 
the matter suitably (lit. to get down from the terrace); 
unable to get out of the matter with dignity, honour, or 
prestige, thien-sin ha-kang, the 12.25, when the 
celestial spirits come down {v. sin), hong-kiau, su 
ha-ma, one should dismount at a bridge, khi-her 
chi-se, put-tek-ha, one who rides on a tiger cannot 
come down (started a dangerous matter which he cannot 
stop or control). 

lift", what did you say? (when one has not heard 
plainly) ; when pronounced very long and drawn out, it 
indicates that what has been said is displeasing or dis- 
regarded, or shows unwillingness to hear; also, to talk 
loud in an overbearing, bullying manner, in order to 
intimidate. ha°--ah, what do you say? ha", sim- 
mih", id. 

lia" [B. "hap," to join; or "ham?"]. ha"-er, when 
it is nearly dark. 

ha" [B. ham, together], jit ha"-soa", the sun 
very near the horizon, so as almost to touch it. 

ha" (cf. ham, Men). ha n — teh, matter left un- 
settled, e.g. offer made, but neither accepted nor rejected. 
poa n -lam-ha", hung up unsettled, as affair. poa"- 
liam-ha", id. poa n -liam poa"-ha"(Cn.), id. pang- 
poa"-lam-ha", to leave a matter in an unsettled state, 
either temporarily or for ever. 

Iia n ( = hang), to menace; to threaten; to intimidate 
by violent language. 

ha", to growl, as a dog. ha n -ha"-chhoan, to pant 
hard. ha"-ha"-hau, to growl or snarl, as dog; to 
hum, as bees or flies; to express approval of whatever is 
said, "Yes, yes." kau ha" — lai, the dog comes on 

ha", to lift the foot or leg over another, sio-har", 
putting their legs over each other, as children, ha" — 
liau, boe toa-han, having put one's leg over (child) 
he will never grow tall ! rh-thang ha"--ke, don't 
step over it, as over printed or written paper. 

lia" — kbui ha"-ha", become loose, as joints or 
seams in furniture, making the article useless or nearly 
so; open very wide, as mouth, chhui khui-ha n -ha", 

said of a man covetously asking for too much for land, 
or for winding up a case, toa-chhui, khui ha"-ha n , 
demanding an extravagant price, chhoan kau chhui 
khui ha"-ha", gasping for breath. 

hall— hah-hl, to gape; to yawn, hah-hah- 
chhio, to laugh out loud, chhio hah-hah, id. 

hah (C.) hah-chhiu",=A. phah-ka-chhiu", to 

hah — hah-ku-a (esp. Cn.), very soon, imme- 
diately (future). 

hall, to affect, as vapour, exhalation, or heat; to 
warm, as by breath or vapour; to extend to and affect 
powerfully, as the influence of a powerful man. hah- 
tioh-khl, injured by some vapour, miasma, or subtle 
influence, hah — tioh tok-khi, injured by poisonous 
vapour, &c. hah-tioh-jit, injured by the sun, as in 
a sun-stroke, hah — kau, to reach and influence so far, 
eg. influence of heat or of exhalation, or of powerful man. 

llJlll — hang-hah, boasting falsely or with exag- 
geration. kong-6e chin hang-hah, talk in a very 
boastful exaggerated style. 

hall [B. hiap, to agree], hah-un, to agree in 
rhyme or metrical harmony. 

hall [B. hap, to join; to unite], to fit; to suit (lit. 
or fig. ) hah-hah, closed tight, as door, &c. rh-hah, 
not agreeing well, as men. 6e-hah--tit, can fit well 
or act harmoniously, as men or things, hah-koan, in 
tune, as instruments agreeing with each other, hah-i, 
agreeing with one's inclination, hah-ler, pleasing to a 
person, hah-le-eng, fit for the purpose; fit for use. 
hah-eng, id. u-hah-eng, id. bo-hah-eng, use- 
less; unfit for the purpose, hah-pi, suiting one's 
stomach, hah-chhui, pleasant to taste; suiting one's 
taste, hah-kha, to fit the foot, hah-su, fitting 
well, as dress, m-hah-su, not fitting well, as dress. 
rh-hah-sin, id. 

llJlh — thi" thiah-hah, morning dawn break- 
ing. tang--si thiah-hah, id. [next word?]. 

hah — kah-hah, large sheathing-leaves at bam- 
boo joints, tek-hah, smaller do. chia-hah, outer 
leaves of sugar-cane (v. chia). tsang-hah, the outer 
sheathing-leaves of the palm called "tsang." hah- 
loeh, sun-hat made of bamboo leaves. 

hah [B. hiap, the sides of the chest], heng-hah, 
the breast and sides at the ribs; the chest. 

hah (C. ), = ha, to gird, as with a girdle. 

liah n ( = hah), to influence or affect, as a vapour or 
exhalation (gen. unpleasantly or injuriously), hah"- 
sio, to warm again (as cold food) near the fire, hah"- 
tioh-he\ somewhat injured by being near the fire, 
lang-khi hah", the strong smell and heat of a crowd 
affecting one unpleasantly, as in hot weather. 

hall" — hah"-hah", wanting in substance, as 

hall" (cf. ha"). hah"-hah", yes, I hear what you 
say (but giving no opinion or promise), i hah"-hah", 
he only said "hah n -hah°," giving no indication of his 

hah", to approach very close, as boat alongside a 
ship. hah"-soa n , to hug the shore. 

liai, very large; immense. 

liai [B. bones, limbs], kut-hai, bare human bones. 
heng-hai, appearance and form of body, su-chi 
pek-hai, the members of the body. 

>' 3 






biet-hai, to make away with the bones of a grave I the outer sea), said of a candidate getting the Kujin 

When takin°* "Tii»ief. T^Acaocjoirtr, "Ki Af _V> rt -i nliinm *4 rt ~»«« U.. U nn : J j. - T-!- __11 :„ iL. 

unjust possession, biet-hai chiam 
tsong, id. kap-goa beh-biet-hai, he is deter- 
mined to have a hot quarrel with me. 

ho-khe-hai (C. khoe), good at pacing back and for- 
wards (as actor) on the stage. h6-khe-hai chhau- 
pak-lai, putting on a very good and kind appearance, 
but really very wicked and injurious, hu-jin-lang 
e khe-hai, feminine in manner (said of a man too 
minutely neat in dress, &c.) kau khe-hai, too minute, 
particular, and over-cautious in a matter, so as to be 
troublesome, e.g. constantly starting additional objec- 
tions; changeable, inconstant, and unreliable. 

Iiai (R. id.) e-hai, the lower jaw. 

Iial [R. a boy, a child], hai-ji-a, a clay child (used 
as a toy), hai-ji-a-sek, flesh-coloured, kah na n 
hai-ji-a, as pretty as a doll (said of a pretty child). 
hai-ji-bin-tsoa, large sheets of paper of clay or flesh 
colour, hai-ji-te, cutch, catechu. 

Iiai [R. hai, a weapon], khi-hai, weapons of war; 
deadly weapons, hai-te - , to fight with deadly weapons. 
hai-tio (On.), id. 

Iiai (R. id.) ho-hai, harmonious, as music. 

Iiai (R. id.), the sea; the ocean; a lake or large 
stream or large expanse of water, su-hai, the four 
seas (v. su). soa n -hai, land and water (v. soa n ). 

bak-hai, a small brass vessel holding cotton saturated 
with ink. 

hai-hong, assistant mandarin of a Foo (the Hai- 
fang). hai-koan, chief-collector of customs (often in- 
correctly said for a consul), hai-le, customs duties, 
port dues, &c. hai-iu", a pirate, hai-chhat, id. 

hai-su, an island. hai-the% sea-mud. hai-kha, 
the sea-shore. hai-ki n , id. hai-te, ground reclaimed 
from the sea. ien-hai, along the shore, as a series of 
places, hai-phia", space between high and low water 
mark, hai-thoa" (R.), soft muddy sea-beach, hai- 
pe", high dry flat part of sea-beach, not overflowed, or 
only at highest tides, hai-bin, surface of sea. poa"- 
hai, half way on a voyage in the middle of the sea. 
hai-khau, mouth of the bay or harbour, chhun, 
khoa" hai-khau; tang, khoa n soa n -thau, in 
spring look out to sea (for signs of weather), in winter 
look at the hills, hai-e, on the sea or on a large river. 
soa n -teng hai-e, on land or on water. 

hai-liong (capacity like the sea), very generous; 
magnanimous, hai tidng, very high tides. 

hai-leng-ong, the god of the sea. hai-koe-bu, 
a sort of broker who deals with ships (v. bu); also, a sort 
of sea-bird, hai-bi, marine animals (in general), used 
for food (v. bi). hai-tang (Cn.), the take of fish, as 
in a year or season, bo -hai-le - , almost no fish to be 
caught (at a particular time), hai-chhai, agar-agar. 
hai-som, biche-de-mer. hai-hun, a green sea-weed 
(dried for food), hai-long, a marine animal with fine 
fur (v. 16ng). hai-be, the seal, hai-ang, the whale. 
chhiah-hai (P.), a bright red fish, hai-a, an animal 
like a small crab ( = ph&-oa). 

tho-hai, to fish, tho hai-a, to catch marine ani- 
mals when the tide is out; if said of fishing from a boat, 
it is disrespectful, tho sio-hai, id. loh-hai, to go 
into the water; to go and catch fish, &c, at low water; 
to go in a small boat peddling among vessels, chhut- 
hai, the supercargo, esp. in a junk going a shorter dis- 
tance (for longest voyages it is "tsun-tsu"), opposed to 
"che-soa n --S," the owner or charterer, thiam-hai, 
may you be drowned! (v. thiam). ke-goa-hai (cross 

degree by having an essay conveyed to his cell in the 
stream of water, a plan that needs great bribery. 

Iiai — hai-hai, easy and not exacting in dealings. 
tsoe-lang hai-hai, id. 

Iiai ( = hai n ), get out of the way! (said to dogs). 
hai ( = hai n ), exclamation of grief. 
Iiai (R. id. ) hai-tsai, a fabulous animal (v. tsai). 
IlJli — hai-tsai, firm and steady in character; not 
afraid in time of danger (v. tsai). 

Iiai (R. id.), a cyclical character, hai-si, from 
9-11 P.M. 

Iiai (R. id.), to hurt; to injure. sa"-hai, to injure 
one another, siong-hai, to wound, sun-hai, to 
act injuriously, as food, &c. siu-hai, to be severely 
injured by men. tsai-hai (R.), calamities sent by 

li-hai, dangerous; much to be dreaded, as man, or 
animal, or weapon; very clever. 

ta" hai — lah, now it is quite spoiled, as a thing; 
now it is all up, as affair quite ruined, hai-si, to kill; 
to cause a man's death, hai-lan-chham, makes us 
very miserable. hai--lang to-an, to be the cause of 
a man losing his case, hai-jin, chek hai-ki, who 
injures another injures himself, hai-lang, chek 
hai-ki, id. 

Iiai' — hai n -hai n -chhan, to groan sadly. 
Iiai" (T.), = A. h^ng, to give back; to restore or pay 

liai n — hai n -16-so, doing .work in a superficial 
way, without energy or care. 

ll«ii n ( = hai), noise made in driving away animals. 
Iiai' ( = haih n , hai), exclamation of displeasure, dis- 
tress, or grief for others, as at their actions. 
Iiai n (T.), = A. heng, to make a present. 
IlJli" — hai n -16-so, cry of men working together, 
as in sculling a boat; to assent to, or follow whatever a 
man says or does, good or bad. 

Iiai", exclamation of great pain or weariness. hai n - 
hai n -hau, sound of groaning. hai n -hai n -chhan, id. 
hai n -hai rl -chhoan (T. ), sound made in bearing a very 
heavy load, the-khui pun-hai n , to sigh bitterly in 
distress of mind, thau-khui hi"-hai n (C. ), id. 

llili" — nng-hai n -hai n , very wearied and sleepy; 
weak in body, as a man who has not much strength, 
though without any decided disease. 

tiaill n (R. hat), an exclamation of displeasure at an- 
other's conduct, or of distress or grief for him. 

hak, to buy, especially land or houses, hak-giap, 
to buy land or houses. 

hak, to distil spirits, hak-chiu, id. 
hak — pang-hak-kak, = pang-hiet-kak, to throw 

liak [R. a school, to learn, = col. "oh"], hak-sip, 
to learn thoroughly; accustomed to; practised in. hak- 
hoat, to learn Tauist arts, hak-bun, scholarship; 
learning (v. bun), chhien-hak, shallow in scholar- 
ship, tai-hak, one of the four books, hak-seng, a 
scholar; a student, hak-hu, father of scholars, li- 
hak, title conferred on some very learned men, who are 
then worshipped by the literati, hak-tai, the literary 
examiner of a province, hak-i", id. tai-hak-su, 
four high chancellors at Pekin, about the rank of prime 
ministers, hiap-pan tai-hak-su, one grade lower. 
hak-su-i, a sort of easy arm-chair. 


a. i 

Lti - a - 

e^^^C &<-<<J~; 







liak [R. a vault], a necessary, sai-hak, id. khu- 
hak, to go to stool, loh-hak, id. chiu"-hak, id. 
ta"-hak, to carry away the manure from it. 

ch.ioh.-h.ak, a stone vault for money (s. measure, 
medicine), tsap-goa hak-gun, more than ten vaults 
full of silver. 

llJlk (R. id.), a measure, =ten "chioh," or one hun- 
dred "tau;" a frame for building walls of mud, or of 
earth and lime. chhiu"-hak, the frame for building 
mud walls, &c. cheng kui-hak-chhiu n , of how 
many successive layers do you make the wall? (each layer 
being the height of the frame). 

chioh-hak, a shell like a limpet (medicinal), outside 
black, inside shining (s. vault), kim-chioh-hak, a 
medicine like yellow dried straw or rushes, tsui- 
chioh-hak, a plant like rushes (Dendrobium or Tri- 
ticum ?). 

hak — hak-hi, a sort of fish, smaller than the 

haill (R. id.) ham-ban, stupid; unskilful; ignor- 
ant how to act; inefficient. 

ham (R. id.) tsui ham-ham (esp. C), drunk. 
chiu chiah kau-ham-ham, to drink liquor till 

ham — bak-chiu ham-ham, eyelids red and 
swollen, as from weeping, sleeping, or inflammation, or 
naturally so. si n bak-ham,to have a red swelling 
on the eyelid (not on the edge, which is "bak-chiam"). 

haill — teng-ham, the upper bone inclosing the 
eye or the mouth, e-ham, the lower bone inclosing 
the eye. 

haill (R. id.), a cockle, especially a large cockle. 
e-ham, a small black cockle, ham-khak, a cockle- 
shell, ham-khak-chhau, a creeper with leaves like 
cockle-shells. ham-khak-chi n , a cockle-shell, as used 
in games of chance by children, or as used for rubbing 
a sick man. ham-khak-a-chi n , id. 

haill [R. all], a surname, ham-hong, the reign 
of Hien-fung. 

haill (R. id.) ham-siau, a sort of magnolia (fus- 
cata?) with a very sweet smell, ham-siau-hoe, id. 

ham [R. to contain, to guide, rank]. koa n -ham, 
official rank and title, khang-ham, mere title of 
rank without office, like brevet rank, hoe-ham, to 
put their names and official titles side by side, as two 
mandarins issuing a joint proclamation. 

pien-ham, the grooves in which a sliding lid, cover, 
or door works; groove or overlapping edge, by which 
two boards are fitted together to avoid the risk of 

ham-toa", the hole under the deck, where the foot 
of the mast is fixed, ham-thoa", id. (this and follow- 
ing words have the characters often doubtful or inter- 

liam [R. to inclose, to hold in the mouth], along 
with, pau-ham, to include ; inclusive ; general or 
indefinite, as language, ham-lam, all together; all 
counted in one. ham-gun, iah thoeh--khl, and 
took away the silver also. 

ham-he\ intentionally talk ambiguously or indis- 
tinctly, ham-ham h&-he\ id. kong-6e ham- 
ham, intentionally talk of a matter in general or inde- 
finite terms. 

ham — teh, put together, but not yet locked, as a 
Chinese padlock; still shut, but just about to open, as a 
bud just bursting; folded and put in the envelope, but 

not yet sealed, as a letter; laid over, and nothing being 
done in it, as a case, hoe ham-ham, bud just burst- 
ing, but not yet open, ham-lui, a half-opened flower. 

ham-khau-sng, to calculate mentally (as if hold- 
ing the account in one's mouth). 

ham-hun, to harbour resentment or enmity, ham- 
jim, to conceal anger and bear with an offender, because 
it would be dangerous to deal with him now, but intend- 
ing to have it out of him again. 

sia lai-ham, to write the inscription on the inside 
of an ancestral tablet. 

ham-leng, small rattles with balls inside, especially 
used on horses. ham-Ian (Cn. T.), id. 

ham-bin, to talk in one's sleep, ham-bin ham- 
tak, only half wakened and hardly knowing what he is 
doing; also said of doing a thing very carelessly, ke- 
ham-bin, pretending to be foolish, when really cunning 
or knowing. 11 teh-ham-bin, you are telling a false- 

haill — ho-chhau-ham, able to eat anything. 
ho-khau-ham, id. toa-khau-ham, not content 
with small gains, as a mandarin or his underling. 

haill (R. id.) ham-sau, slightly cracked, as 
crockery (v. sau). ham-heh", sound of coughing or of 
cracked crockery (v. heh n ), ham-he, id. 

haill — ham-sek-hong (Cn. ), a very dangerous 
venereal disease. 

hiilll (R. kam), to eat in large mouthfuls without 

hiilll (R. id.), (T. han). ham-oan, to make a loud 
noise in order to call for redress from a mandarin, = 

hiilll — ang-ham-ham, very red. 

hiilll (C), = A. hm, to strike downwards with a 
weapon or instrument. 

liaill (R. id. ; cf. hang), swollen, as in disease. 
ham-cheng, id. ham-phiih, id. ham-fig, swollen 
and yellow, as in jaundice, ham-tam, swollen and 
flabby, as face, kha ham, foot swollen (&c.) 

ham-kia 11 , a microscope. 

haill (R. id.), vain and empty, as boasting; inflated, 
false, or exaggerated; untruthfully boastful. ham-6e, 
exaggerated talk, hong-ham, exaggerated, as talk- 
ing very big. her-ham, id. kong chiah-ham, 
how exaggerated and inflated (talk). ham-ke% false 
wonderful stories, ham-kau, reckless and careless in 
managing matters. kau-ham, id. ham-khoa- 
khoa, id. tsoe-su ham, to manage a matter care- 
lessly, so as to leave flaws, ham kau boe-chheng-- 
tit bang-ta, a lie so big that mosquito-curtains could 
not cover it. 

ham— ham-lam, together; taken together. 

haill — chhui ham-ham, mouth kept quite 
shut, refusing to speak ( = him). 

ham (P.), = A. a n , contents of cakes, tarts, &c. 

ham [R. a pit; to fall into; to injure], to fall into 
great calamity, hong-ham, very great calamity, as 
to persons or city, hiong-ham, id. teh-beh-ham, 
about to meet with a great calamity, ham-loh. to 
fall into, as a fault or crime, ham — loh-khi, to fall 
down, as a landslip, or as man falling down a precipice. 
tah-ham, to tread on a place that is undermined, and 
so falls down, pang-ham, to give way, as an em- 
bankment; to fall, asalandslip; to break down suddenly, 
as a man's health or wealth, ham — khi, to fall down, 
as a landslip. 







th&-ham, a pitfall; a deep pit, made by a torrent 
or by digging, toe-ham, a covered pit for catching 
an enemy or wild beast. ham-khi n , a pitfall for 
catching wild beasts or enemies; a deep pit worn away 
by a torrent, &c. be-ham-khi", a pitfall for catching 
horse and rider together, khui-ham khui-lang, 
to make deep pits, as for traps or for security (v. lang). 

ham-hai, to injure very severely, often injure to 

hail [R. hoan, foreign], han-tsfi, sweet-potatoes, 
= hoan-tsu (v. tsft). 

Iiail [R. leisure, =col. "eng"]. han-ha, leisure; 
at leisure, han-hau (T.), id. han-hau (C), to 
wait for a person, an-han tsu-tsai, mind and body 
quite easy and at rest; comfortable, without any need 
of toil or anxiety, siau-han (R.), going about at 
leisure. chheng-han (R.), in easy and comfortable 
circumstances (v. chheng). 

ll Alt [R. to guard], hong-han (R.), to keep care- 
ful watch over (as younger relatives) so as to restrain 
them from bad courses, hong-han tsu-te, id. 

hail (C), =A. hita. han-thien siong-te, one 
of the great gods. 

han (C), = A. hfing, to give back (but P. hgng). 

Iiail [R. cold, =col. "koa n ," my, in some polite 
phrases], han-soan, very niggardly, over-cautious, 
mean, or shy (v. soan). pin-han (R.), very poor, 
tam-han, much afraid. 

han-ka, my surname (polite), han-sia, my house 

han-le% a term about October 8th. tai-han, term 
about Jan. 20, always a fortunate day for making or 
repairing graves, or for inspecting or removing bones, 
siau-han, the term two weeks before "tai-han," i.e. 
about Jan. 5th. 

han-su-chiam, a thermometer, hong-han sii- 
sip, four classes of diseases (v. sii). han-cheng (R.), 
colds and such like diseases, siong-han, having be- 
come ill through a chill or a cold, tng-han, to be- 
come suddenly very cold and dangerously ill, as in the 
course of an illness, ui-khi han, having a tendency 
to vomit sourish water, pak-lai han, cold feeling in 
the belly, to be relieved by warm drinks. chiu"-be- 
han, a deadly venereal disease, ma - siong-han 
(Cn.), id. 

lian (R. id.), an ancient kingdom; a surname. 
han-kok, the kingdom of Han. han-tan chhe, a 
woman whose bridegrooms died (v. "chhe," wife). 

Iiail [R. beng, bright, morrow], han-a-tsai (C), 
= A. bin-a-tsai, to-morrow. 

hail [R. seldom, rare]. han--tit, rarely; seldom 
or never, han — tit ti-si, occasionally. han-iu, 
rare, hi-han, rare, few, costly, hi-han-kia", an 
only son, much valued, han-kien, rarely to be seen; 
rarely met with, han-hong, have you seldom met 
with if! it is quite common, han-hong, sai kia n - 
bo, you may seldom have seen it, but it is quite common. 

han — sa"-than sa n -han, to follow other people's 
example; to follow each other's example. sa"-than- 
han, id. 

hiill [R. hain, to shout loud], han-hoa, loud 
noise or indistinct hum of a crowd, with noisy talk, to 
be in an excited state, as a community, when rebels or 
banditti are said to be near, han-hoah, loud shout- 
ing and noisy disturbance; to make a loud shouting, 
e.g. in junks when a storm is rapidly coming on. han- 

oan (T.), =hau-oan, = ham-oan, to call loudly and 
noisily on a mandarin for redress. 

hail [R. the Han dynasty; Chinese], (a person). 
han-tiau, the Han dynasty, han-ko-tse - , its founder, 
worshipped by the heads of wards (te-p6), as he was 
originally a Tepo. 

han -lang, a Chinaman, as opposed to Tartars, 
han-peng, Chinese (not Tartar) troops, han-sek, 
a feast in Chinese style, han-ji, Chinese characters, 
boan-han, Manchoo and Chinese (v. boan). 

16-han (Cn. le--han), a Lohan; one of the eighteen 
great disciples of Buddha. 16-han-kha, a wandering 
man, generally idle or ill-behaved; a rowdy or loafer, a 
tramp. 16-han-tsa n , a dress made of two sorts of 
stuff, in the body and the skirt. 16-han-i, id. 

lam-tsu-han, a man, not a woman, said only in 
a few phrases, tong-tong lam-tsu-han, you big 
fellow ! said in scolding a grown-up fellow for fawning 
on people or begging from them, han-chiang, a tall 
fat man (v. chiang). ho-han, fat, stout (rarely said 
of animals), soe-han, young, as a child or boy; very 
short, as a man. toa-han, grown up, as an adult; 
tall, or full-grown, toa-bu-han, tall, toa-bong- 
han (C), id. ai-toa-han, fond of flattery; fond of 
being counted of consequence, i toa-han e ser-tsai, 
the place where he lived from youth till grown up. 
chhng-han (r.), a rustic. ia-han, uncultivated 
clownish-like man. the"-han, id. tsui-han, a 
drunkard, chiah-chiu-han, id. thiau-han (T. 
ban), a troublesome, idle, unruly boy. 

lian [R. perspiration, = col. "koa"."]. hoat-han, 
to perspire in disease, for recovery, han-kun, a cloth 
for wiping off sweat. 

hail [R. a pen], han-lim, the Imperial Han-lin 
Academy; a member of it (v. lim). 

Iiail (R. id.), (cf. an), a limit; to limit, as a time 
of grace for payment, kai-han, a limit, of place. 
bo-kai-han, unbounded, bo-han-liong, immense; 

han-tia 11 , to limit; to set a limit or fixed time, esp. 
extended period for payment, han ti-si, set what 
time as the limit ? han si-khek, to limit to the 
moment, ke-han, to pass the proper time or quantity; 
rites for making a man pass from a bad fate to a good 
fate, tsap-han, kau bo-ia", of ten promises to pay, 
nine are not kept. boe-han--tit (T.), = A. boe-an-- 
tit, cannot appoint a future time; you must pay now. 

thiau-han (T.), =A. thiau-han, an idle, unruly, 
troublesome boy. 

Iiail [R. drought, = col. "oa n ."] han-le-, road by 
land, khdng-han, severe drought, han-poat, the 
demon of drought; a paper image of him. tsoa-k& 
han-poat, paper image of him. thai-han-poat, 
Tauist ceremony of beheading the image so as to get 
rain, han-poat-chhui, constantly saying unlucky 
words (unintentionally), as about sickness or death. 

hang (R. hong), to dry or warm at the fire; to 
toast, hang-he, id., either self or things, hang- 
ta, to dry at the fire, hang-sio, to warm at the fire, 
hang-chhiu, to warm one's hands. hang he- 
thang, to warm one's self with a small portable stove 
in a wicker basket, hang bin-pau, to toast bread. 

hang-le\ a small portable earthen stove, as for boil- 
ing water for tea. 

hailg (R. hong), the skate -fish, hang -hi, id. 
fig-hang, the yellowish sort, counted best, e-hang, 
the dark-coloured sort, counted worse. 


: f 








h /U 


hang-kiam, the long spike of the skate, hang- 
ehhl, the pair of spikes at its tail, it hang, jl h.&, 
the "hang" and the "her" are the fishes that make the 
worst wounds. 

llAllg (R. id. by change of tone from "kang" to 
descend), to surrender on condition of impunity, gener- 
ally taken into service; to make submission on terms. 
hang-hok, to make submission; to subdue, tau- 
hllng, to surrender on condition of impunity or reward, 
or being taken into the service of the government, tsa- 
hltng, to make feigned submission, hang-mer-thu, 
a baton for quelling demons. 

llAllii (R. id., variation, with tonal mark, from 
"hfing," to go), a row; a column, as of words or of fig- 
ures; to quilt, as a dress or a coverlet; a large mercantile 
firm or hong; properly only a great hong that issues 
securities (kiet) for junks belonging to other firms. 

hang-nge - , gaudy; splendid. 

sek-hang, skilful, experienced. 

su-hang, the four lictors, holding chains or bam- 
boos, who stand or walk before a mandarin. 

hang-kau, a large trading firm; a wholesale mer- 
cantile house; a hong (v. kau). toa-hang, a large 
trading firm, sio-hang, a small one. hang-ke, 
head or manager of a firm, hang-he', a wholesale 
merchant or head of the house, hang-siong, id. 
hang-tiu", the hired manager of a hong. iu"-hang, 
house trading in foreign goods, kau-poeh-hang, a 
commission agent taking two per cent, commission. 
ge-hang, sort of broker or commission agent, khui- 
hang, to have a warehouse or hong, as merchant. 
khui-hang che-tiam, to have hongs or shops, hang 
to, bankrupt. 

hang-kiet, the security given to the mandarins by 
a registered hong (e.g. kim-eng-chhiong) for a junk of 
another firm (v. kiet). hang-tiong, commission 
charged by commission agent, &c. hang-cheng, 
market price. hoa n hang-cheng, to fix the market 
price of goods, as a leading firm does, so that the other 
firms follow; also, to have the authoritative voice in a 
hong for buying or selling, i khah-tsai hang- 
cheng, he is specially acquainted with the price of 
goods, i khah-u hang-cheng, he is very fair in 
the prices that he names (as broker or merchant), so 
that people apply to him to value goods. 

hang-thau, a hong in relation to the sending of 
goods to it. kia sim-mih n hang-thau, to which 
hong is it to be sent, by ship 1 theh hang-thau - 
gun, to borrow money from the hong with which our 
vessel does business. 

hang-hiu, to quilt a coat, hang khah-khin- 
chhiu, quilt it more loosely. 

llilllg (R. id.) hang-chiu, Hang-chow, hang- 
chiok, a medicine from it. se-hang, Soo-chow and 

1 1 « 1 1 1 1*' (R. hong), to threaten; to frighten by talk; 
to intimidate, hang-phien, to frighten and cheat, 
as sorcerers or Tauist priests, or underlings of yamuns. 
hang-phien-sut, id. hang lang-e-chi", to cheat 
and frighten people out of their money, as mandarins' 

hang-hoah, to scold and threaten; to intimidate by 
talking loud, hang-hip, id. hang-sau (C. hau- 
sau), to scold loudly; to wrangle in a loud overbearing 
way. hang-se, to boast or brag of one's power or 
influence, u hang-thau, using big words; talk in a 
bragging, boastful, or blustering way. hang-thau 
toa, id. 

llSlllg (R. heng, cf. phang, ph&ng, ham), to swell, 
as from a blow or a poisonous bite; swollen; (to brag I. 
hang-hang, covered with itching swellings, as from 
insects' bites; slightly swollen, hang-cheng, a swell- 
ing, kha hang--khi-lai, foot swollen, hang-lin, 
female breast swollen, as by disease; also (T.), naturally 
grown large, as of girl coming of age; also (T.), grown 
fat on milk, as infant. 

hang-lau, tide broken by rocks, as in chow-chow 

hang-hah, very boastful (v. hah). 


hang-tang, heavy and cumbrous; pon- 

id. hang-le 1 , 
thong-hang, a 
hang-a hang- 

derous; severe, as sickness; heavy manner of walking, 
setting down foot heavily. kong-6e hang-tang, to 
talk in a loud voice so as to show that the matter is im- 
portant, or pretending so. 

llilllg (R. id.), a lane, hang-d 
a private lane; a passage in a house, 
public lane used as a thoroughfare. 
sut, a very out-of-the-way corner of a lane, bo-be- 
hang, a cul-de-sac. hang-thau, the spaces at the 
corners of the central house in a Chinese large house, 
khut-chhioh-hang, a lane with a right angle bend. 
oan-koe phiah-hang, crooked and unfrequented 
streets and lanes, hang chhim, kau ok, very hard 
of access. 

llilllg (R. id.), a kind, a sort, bo-chit-hang, 
not anything of any sort, boe kui-hang, to sell 
wholesale (v. kui). chia n -hang, in considerable quan- 
tities, ka-niig-hang, id. goa bo ka-nng-hang- 
chi", I have not large quantities of money. 

siau-hang, an account of a sum due. hidng- 
hang, money of customs duties. chi n -hang, money, 
gun-hang, silver; money; treasure in silver, chit- 
tiau gun-hang, one item in account, or considerable 
sum due, counted in silver. 

tng sim-mih" hang-tang, what office (subordin- 
ate) have you ? as in yamun. bong sim-mih" hang- 
tang, what is your business? 

llAllg — he -hang, the cactus, especially the 
common coarse cactus. 

lliillg (R. hien). hang-chhai (T.), = A. heng- 
chhai, a sort of vegetable. 

llii]), to speak falsely; to give an uncertain state- 
ment as if it were certain truth; to go beyond the truth. 
gau-hap, fond of talking so. chhui lam-sam- 
hap, id. lang hap-hap, the man is not to be relied 

lliip (R. id.), to join; united; fitting well; to shut; 
one round, as in a fight; one pair or set of some things. 

sa n -hap, joined together; fitting together, sa"- 
ho-hap, agreeing well, as persons, khe-hap (R.), 
joined in close friendship, hap-kiong, all united; 
sum total, hu-hap, agreeing well, as evidence or 
documents, hap-tang, agreement about division of 
family property (v. tang), kham-hap, the words 
"kham-hap" stamped or written on a document where 
it is to be torn or cut in two, or on the two parts of a 
tally, or on two documents, to be used in comparing 
them as evidence, thg-kham-hap, to stain]) these 
words, tui kham-hap, to examine if they correspond 
on the two parts, hap-iok, a bond or agreement in 
duplicate, the character "hap" being stamped on both 
at once, to serve as proof. 

hap-kai-tioh, ought to — . hap-sit, fit; fitting; 
becoming, m-hap-li, improper, hap-i, to suit one's 
mind, hap i--e se^-eng, fit for his use. 












hip-he, to join stock in trade, with about equal 
shares, hap-sit, to take meals regularly together, 
hap-toh, the feast of the bride with her female friends. 
hap-hun, to consummate a marriage, phoe-hap, 
joined in marriage, kau-hap, to have sexual inter- 

hap-than, to gain cent, per cent, thiu hap-tek 
(C), to take off a small sum for brokerage (v. "tek," 
to get). 

hap-a, a dollar made of base metal coated with silver. 

chit-hap, a pair, as of knives; a set, as a nest of 
small pots with covers inside each other, chit -hap- 
toh, a pair of tables. 

ia-hap, the magnolia, pek-hap, a medicinal root 
(squills?) like garlic, pek-hap-hoe, a sort of lily (or 
Amaryllis]) with a great many petals (Lilium tigrinum, 
or = peh-kok-piet, white Amaryllis?). 

belt — hat-a, a long bag with dollars tied round 
the waist, hat-la, id. hat-po (T.), a cloth for 
strapping a child on the back. 

licit (R. id. = col. "hoah"), to speak loud and angrily, 
as in finding fault with a man, or in saying, I will have 
nothing to do with it. hat-lat, id. hat--lang, id. 
hat-thau, to scold or reprove violently. 

hat — hat-chhiu n (Cn.), to sneeze. 

hat [R. to rule, to govern], koan-hat, to rule; 
to manage authoritatively, hun-hat, to order to their 
several duties. he"-hat, to give orders to inferiors 
somewhat imperiously, thong-hat, to govern, rule, 
or manage the whole, as a mandarin, ti-goa hat-e, 
under my authority, as an inferior. 

liat [R. han, to limit], to limit in quantity; amount 
very limited or barely enough, hat tia n -tioh, to limit a 
certain quantity, hat joa-tsoe-chi", how much money 
has he fixed? chi n -thau hat, money very scarce, or 
hardly enough. chi n khah-hat, id. hat-tsui, to 
use water sparingly, either from scarcity, or for keeping 
the due proportion, as in cooking, or in mixing medi- 
cine, tsiii put-chi-hat, water very scarce. 

giam-hat, very stern or strict, as teacher, master, 
or mandarin. 

hat, a ganglion; a small swelling on the nerves or 
under the skin, which can be moved about, and does not 
suppurate, khan-hat, to have such a swelling. 

hail — bin hau-hau, face having thick-skinned 
spots, as when affected by varnish, or as at commence- 
ment of leprosy, &c. 

hail [R. her? to call out, to lie; or hong? fabulous; or 
some of the phrases may be imitation of mandarin], 
hau-lak, to tell lies; to exaggerate enormously; what 
a story! hau-siau (vulg.), what a great lie! gau- 
hau (T.), always telling lies, hau-tong, bo-ia"- 
chiah song (T. ), = A. hong-tong, &c, fabulous stories, 
as of Tang and Sung dynasties. 

hail (R. o). hau-pau, a sort of purse or small 
pouch, hau-pau-toa. the string for drawing it shut. 
hau-pau-sok, a bit of shell or pretty stone through 
which the cord runs, hau-pau-chhiu, two tassels 
where it is fastened. 

hail [R. her, a marquis, a surname, =col. "kau"], 
a surname, = kau. 

Mil [R. hien, to hang up], (Cn.), = A. hau", to 
procrastinate; to put off. 

hail (R. he>), to cry; to chirp, sing, low, bellow, 
roar, &c. , as almost any animal; to make a noise, of 
many sorts, pak-lai hau, sound of wind in the belly. 

thi-hau, to sob bitterly (v. thi). hau-kio, to cry or 
call out loud, as in pain (v. ki6). hau-iau, to cry for 
food, as a child, hau-oan, to make a loud noise in 
calling on a mandarin for redress, hau-hoah, to talk 
very loud, in scolding, reproving, or threatening, hau- 
sau, to scold with a loud voice; to wrangle in a loud 
overbearing way. 

chiuh-chiuh-hau, to squeak, as a rat. ha"-ha n - 
hau, to snarl, as dog. hoa-hoa-hau, to make a loud 
noise, as waves or many persons, ki-ki-hau, con- 
stantly crying, ngauh-ngauh-hau, to grumble in- 
distinctly, as a discontented man afraid to speak out. 
khiauh-khiauh-hau, to make a constant noise, as 
constant beating a stone, or constant talking, &c. (v. 

liail (R. id.), filial duty; filial piety; to worship by 
offerings; to act in a filial manner, hau-keng, id. 
heng-hau, to perform filial duty, heng-hau pe- 
bii, to act in a filial way to parents, hau-pe-bii, id. 
hau-heng, filial conduct, hau-sim, filial heart. 
hau-sun, filial and obedient, chm-tiong chin- 
hau, dutiful and filial to the utmost, u-hau, filial 
and dutiful to parents, put-hau, unfilial, disobedient, 
undutiful or ungrateful to parents, tai-put-hau, 
extremely undutiful to parents. seng-kia n put-hau, 
a spoiled child becomes disobedient (v. seng). hau- 
keng, the classic of filial piety. 

hau-mih", to worship with offerings, hau-png, 
to make offerings (of rice, &c.) to the spirit of a person 
recently buried, in the rites called "khia-ha," before the 
image called "hun-sin;" done on the 1st and 15th for a 
year; or for 40, 60, or 100 days; said also as a coarse 
joke to a man eating rice, hau-chhai-png, to make 
offerings of food in the worship of the spirits called 

hau mng-khau, to worship the wandering spirits 
at the door, as in the seventh moon; or on the 2d and 
16th of each moon, hau-put, to worship idols by 
offerings, hau thi"-kong, to worship Heaven by 
offerings on 1.9. hau-ker, to make offerings to a spirit 
that has no descendants; said also in scolding (v. ker). 
hau koa"-chha-thau, to make offerings at the coffin 
(said in a proverb). 

hau-lam, a son in deepest mourning for a parent 
while acting as mourner at the funeral and some special 
rites; said also in scolding a man who looks very foolish, 
dull, and unintelligent: "You look as if in mourning 
for a parent." thuh-thuh na"-hau-lam, looking 
terribly dull and stupid, hau-lu, a daughter (&c.) in 
deepest mourning at funeral rites, hau-sun, a grand- 
son in mourning at funeral ceremonies, hau-tsu- 
hng, a memorial archway put up by imperial authority 
in memory of a very filial son. hau-tsii-teng, a shed 
over a tablet for do. (less honourable), chiet-hau- 
hng, memorial archway in honour of a lady distin- 
guished for purity and filial piety. 

llJlll — lau-hau, a sort of nutmeg, larger and 
coarser than "ter-kher." lau-hau-chi, a nutmeg. 
lau-hau-khak, its husk, lau-hau-hoe, nutmeg 
flowers, medicinal. 

hail [R. h», after]. hau-si", a son. hau-si n - 
ke, a young lad. khit hau-si n , to buy a boy and 
adopt him as a son. goan-hau — e, my son. 

lliill (R. h&), to wait for. hau-goa, wait for me. 
hau siau-sit, waiting for news, hau-sim, to wait 
for the trial coming on, as parties and witnesses, hau- 
phoe, to wait for the mandarin's official answer to a 






petition, chi-tien hau-siok, to close a pawn-shop, 
and wait a time to let the goods be redeemed. 

hau-p6, having got the rank (like brevet-rank) and 
orders from the supreme board to have the office as soon 
as a vacancy occurs, hau-per ti-hu, expectant or 
designate prefect. 

hau-beh, to feel the pulse the second time, hau- 
meh", id. 

pai-hau, to pay a ceremonial visit; to, call upon, as 
a friend, theng-hau to wait, for a time, 
(C), id. su-hau, = su-hff, to wait upon or wait for, as 
attendants on a mandarin when he comes out (v. he>). 
si-hau (r. esp. C), time. 

hail [R. ha, leisure], han-hau (T.), = A. han-ha, 
at leisure. 

llilll [R. to exert one's self; interchanged with the 
next word], hau-iong. a small military official, who 
has a gilt button but no office, sio-sim hau-16, 
extremely attentive, as servants (v. 18). hau-lek (r.), 
to be diligent in military service, as soldiers or petty 
officers giving assistance to superiors, eng-kai — tioh 
hau-lek, it was my duty to assist you, said politely 
when thanked for a service. 

llilll [R. to accomplish ; to copy; efficacious], hau- 
giam, effective in accomplishing its end, as medicine, 
predictions, prayers or superstitious rites, eng-hau, 
id., especially of vows, kong-hau, efficaciousness, as 
of medicine, or plan, or labour, u-kong-hau, to be 
efficacious, as medicine, &c. bo-kong bo-hau, having 
no good result, as agricultural toil when weather delays 
or spoils the crop. 

hau-iu, to imitate bad example. 

llilll [R. oa, a tile, = col. hia, hoa]. hau-hia"- 
phe, broken bits of tiles, as at a ruined house, hau- 
phia n -ph"6 (T.), id. 

hail (T.) khut-hau, a small piece of a rainbow 
in mid sky. 

hail (R. id.), the king-crab. hau-huih-chhi n , 
light dull blue, like its blood, hau-peh-chheh (its 
overlapping scales), Venetian shutters, hau-be-to, a 
bayonet. hau-khak, the shell of the king-crab. 
hau-phio, a skimmer made of the shell, hau-siah, 
a small scoop or ladle made of it. hau-hia, a large 
ladle made of it. hau-hiah, having a large forehead 
(v. heng, "breast"). 

soa n -hau (vulg.), a rough boorish fellow; a dull 
awkward fellow, tsoe-chhat tsoe-hau, to be thieves 
and robbers, liah hau-a, to seize men and extort 
money, liah-hau, to seize in the act of vile lust. 
chit-ngauh-hau, two persons in the act of impurity, 
esp. of unnatural lust. 

tsui-hau, a fresh-water insect that lives long after 
being caught, tsui-hau-ang, a toy containing one 
of them that moves the arms and head of the figure. 
ah-bu chiah tsui-hau (the duck gobbles up the in- 
sect, which lives long after), said in joke of a man feel- 
ing anxious and grieved. 

hau-kha-chhi, a low trailing thorny shrub, with 
glossy leaves and black edible berries, hau-a-chhi, 
id. hau-a-chf, its berry, hau-a-thau (P.), its 
root, used as medicine. 

hail", =hauh n , sound as of a dog growling. hau n - 
hau n -hau, id. 

hail" [R. hien, to hang up], (Cn. hau), to put off 
too long; to delay improperly. 

ll Jill' — hau"-hau"-pui, sound of a dog barking 

hail" [R. h&", "to desire," by change of tone from 
her", "good"], to take pleasure in, as improper pleasures. 

llilll ll — hauh-khak, peeling off, as paint, skin, 
or scab. hauh--khi-lai, id. 

hauh n (0. hop; Cn. nanh n ; T. nauh n , ngauh"), to 
catch suddenly in the mouth, as a dog; to snap up or 
bite suddenly. hauh"--ti6h, id. 

llilllll" — pit-hauh"-hauh n , all splitting into 
cracks, as wood in drought. 

llilllll" (cf. khanh), under-cooked, as potatoes or 
vegetables (not flesh) ; bad, as potatoes that cannot be 
cooked well. ngi n -hauh n , too hard, as cakes, &c. 

llilllll", =hau n . hauh"-hauh n -hau, sound of dog 
growling. hauh n -hauh n -pui, id. 

he (C. he), he-ku, asthma, ham-he, sound of 

lie ( = hf, =hit-6), that, demonstrative pronoun, only 
in combination when unaccented. 

he [R. hoa, a flower, = col. "hoe"], kher-he-sek, 
=khe--hoe-sek, light grayish purple. 

he (R. oe, hoe), (C. hoe; Cn. ho), lime; plaster (for 
wall); mortar; cement, he-hun, powdered lime, he- 
chioh, limestone. chioh-he, lime from limestone. 
6-khak-he, lime from oyster- shells, he-thau, re- 
fuse lime, riddled out. he-phi, thin scales of plaster 
peeling off walls, lak he-phi, these peeling and fall- 
ing off. he-phia", large masses of plaster from walls. 

he - sek, light gray colour. he - tsoa, a line of 
caulking. he-chhat, varnish and lime mixed, for 
filling crevices, he-io, a lime-kiln, he-si, sort of 
trowel for building, with the handle placed as on a 
shield, he-thui, an instrument for beating and mix- 
ing lime. 

kan-he, mortar of pure lime with no mixture. 
lam-he, well mixed with lime, as good mortar, thang- 
iu-he, cement made of lime and the oil of the "thang" 
tree. tsoa-kun-he, fine plaster made with finely 
chopped paper, chhau-he, plaster made of clay or 
mud mixed with chopped straw, but no lime, chhau- 
phia"-he, plaster made of lime and earth with finely 
beaten straw (v. chhau). soa-he, mortar of lime and 
sand, he-soa, lime and sand, ready to be mixed, 
he-soa, mortar of lime and very stiff clay, he-the, 
mortar of lime and clay or earth. 

oa-he, to pour water on quick-lime, hoat-he, to 
slack lime, whole process, cheng-he, to beat mortar 
hard and smooth, as on a floor, by a pestle, koat-he, 
to beat cement smooth with a sort of trowel, kuih- 
he, to rub cement into crevices, chhak-he, to caulk. 
boah-he, to plaster, chheng-he, to white-wash, 
phiak-he, to dash the lime on. 

lie, an interjection of sudden astonishment. 

he (R. ha), (C. he), ang-he, red clouds (s. shrimp). 
hun-he (T.), id. khi ang-he, red clouds appearing, 
as at sunset, chhut ang-he, id. hong-koa" he- 
poe, head-dress and ornamental girdle of wealthy lady 
(v. koa n , koan, "a cap"). 

ll£ (C), = A. ha, a flaw, as in a gem. 

hfe (R. hoe), (C. hoe, sometimes h6; T. ho), to return 
a thing; to carry a message back or forwards; to accom- 
pany another on a musical instrument; to slack the tiller- 
rope so as to sail nearer the wind. 

au-he, afterwards; on another occasion. 

he-6e, to interpret between two persons, he-lai 
he-khi, to take messages back and forwards, jip — 
khi he, to go in (as into the yamun) and give the mcs- 









sage, he he-i-tsai, id. he-hok, to make report to 
him who sent us. he-phoe, to send a letter in answer. 
he -bun, to answer an official letter, he-thiap, to 
send a card in return; a return card, he-pai, to re- 
turn a visit, he-thau-kio; a return sedan, hoat- 
he, to send back, as goods sent for inspection but not 
chosen, or as presents not accepted, as in general those 
from mandarins. 

he-sim trig-1, to change one's mind, he-lam 
ah-sai. north wind falling and veering round to south- 
west; after sudden anger, changing suddenly to friendly 
feeling, he-lam, to change to a south wind; anger 
suddenly changing, he lam-hong', id. id. 

goa-chhhV 1 li-he, I sing, and you accompany on 
an instrument. 

lie [R. he, summer]. 16h-he-be, long-continued 
drizzling rains about the time of "jip-he." 

lie (R. ha), (C. he), a shrimp; a prawn; grubs of 
some kinds, phang-he, the grub of the bee. 

leng-he, the lobster, kau-he, a small sort of 
shrimp. ge>-chhiu-he, a small white shrimp, ang- 
he, red shrimps (s. clouds), peh-he, white shrimps, 
peh-he-a, id. soa-he, shrimps from sandy beaches, 
the-he, small shrimps from sea-mud. chhan-he 
(C), a sort from rice-fields, ler-he, pickled shrimps 
from Shantung, le-he-chiu", brine from them, he- 
bi, very small shrimps, he-ke*, a very large sort (v. 

he-chhiu, beard of shrimp (v. chhiu). he-ko, a 
trap for shrimps, he-lang (C), id. 

tng-he, to lay a trap for shrimps, khan-he, to 
catch shrimps by pulling along a net (tsan), as by boat 
and raft, khan-kau-he, id. 

ngiauh-he, quite dead (said of a man somewhat as 
a joke). 

hiu n -he, bags of cotton and incense on idol's fore- 
head, shaped like shrimps. 

lie [R. ho, harmonious, concord], (C. hoe), not too 
hot, as tea or water, he-siu", a Buddhist priest ; a 
sort of crab (v. siu n ). he-hoan, to go and make peace 
with (Tartar) foreigners (v. hoan). chhut -pun he- 
hoan, to pay money in advance for a friend (v. hoan). 

he [R. ha, below; to come down], to let down, as a 
sedan, or as one's temper; become gentle, as wind. 
hong he-he, wind blowing gently, hong khah-he, 
wind become gentle, ke-se" khah-he, the price has 
fallen somewhat. he> khah-he, chiah-khi, wait till 
the rain has abated before you go. he — loh-khl, let 
it down, as sedan, seng-te pang-khah-he, let 
your temper down a little. 

he [R. to take up or lead by the hand], the-he, 
to assist a man in straits, as by lending money or giving 
work, or helping to get a situation. 

Il6 [R. h6, colleague, comrade, company], (C. h6e; 
Cn. ho). h6-tiu n , captain of a large junk or ship, 
toa-he, captain, as of a foreign ship, ji-he, first 
mate. sa n -he, second mate, sio-he, private busi- 
ness of his own (done by a hired manager in a hong, 
with the funds of the hong, and on the premises), tsoe- 
sio-he, to transact his own private business thus, hap- 
he, to join stock and capital in about equal shares, 
chhat-he, one of a company of thieves, robbers, or 

he-ki, a partner or assistant; a fellow-workman ; often 
said to a man in addressing him (Cantonese "fokee"); 
sometimes, my wife, lien-tsai he-ki, partners in a 
firm, thiah he-ki, to dissolve partnership, tau- 

he-ki, to be partners in a business. sa"-ni'\ chhut 
chiong-goan: sa n -ni n , chhut bo-chit-e ho-he- 
ki, once in three years one man gets the highest literary 
degree, but a good partner is not found so often. 

chit-he e-lang, persons of one class, company, or 
faction, in-chit-he e-lang, a man of their class, 
sort, &c. kap--i tsoe-chit-he, to be of one class 
with him. 

lie (C. hoe ; Cn. h6'), often interchanged with the 
previous and following words. 

he-sit, food, as used or prepared (v. sit). 
ke-he, property of any sort, pun-ke-he, to divide 
the property and goods, as after father's death. 

pan kong-he-a, children playing at an imitation 
feast with broken bits of bowls, &c. 

lie (R. h6 n ), (C. h6e; Cn. h6'), fire; a lamp; the hot 
or inflammatory principle in the constitution. 

he-hang, the cactus, he-kim-chhi", the fire-fly. 
he-ia," (Cn.), id. he-soan, a first-class diamond, he- 
chiau, a certain ill-omened bird; an over-cute boy (v. 

he-sin-ia, (C. h6e-6ng), the god of fire. hiu n -he, 
small bags of incense ashes with idols' names on them 
(used as charms). 

he-ji-kha, the 86th radical (fire) when written as 
four dots below the rest of the character. 

he-thau, a cook, sio-he, id. ; sometimes said for 
"my wife." chhau-he-lo-bi, singed taste, bo- 
kau chha-he, not sufficiently fired in cooking, iu- 
he-hun, expense of tobacco and of oil of lamp for it 
(v. id), he-chiu, strong spirits that can burn, he- 
thui, ham. 

he-khi, the hot principle in the human constitution; 
inflammatory or feverish tendency, he-seng, having 
much of the hot principle in one's constitution; having 
a tendency to a red face, and not daring to eat heating 
things, he-seng, a fiery temper, sim-he, internal 
heat, as slight feverishness (v. sim). sim-he toh, 
rage stirred up. iok-he, the fire of lustful passion, 
tham-he, tendency to (cancerous?) swelling of the 
throat, chheng-he, to remove feverishness or inflam- 
mation; comfortable or delighted (v. chheng). the-he, 
to remove feverishness or inflammation, khi-he, id. 
hu-he (C. hi-hoe), feeling slightly feverish, e.g. mouth 
dry and skin somewhat hot. ut-he, feeling uncomfort- 
able and unwell (v. ut). kan-he, feverish state, sup- 
posed to come from the liver (v. kan). pak-lai u 
sia - he, much fevered, hong - he, wind and fire 
(diseases of the nature of swellings, inflammations, and 
fevers), hong-he kek, caused by these diseased ten- 
dencies, kin na" -hong-he, as quick as wind and 

kui-he, ignis fatmis. he-thai, exceedingly sultry 

he-sok, very quickly, as in executing orders, h.6 
phio, a warrant for the very speedy arrest of a man. 
he-pai, id. (v. pai). he-chhiam, slips of wood given 
to the messenger to show the urgency of the warrant. 

he-hu, ashes in powder (v. hu). he-ien, colourless 
smoke or steam, he-hun, smoke (v. hun). he-ng, 
place in shade from a lamp or candle (v. rig), he-iam, 
a flame, he-chih, a tongue of fire. he-chhi n , sparks. 
he-hoe, sparks, as from a match (v. hoe), he-sai, 
spots from a lamp-wick; snufhngs. he-sio-chhu, a 
conflagration; a house on fire. he-sio--ah, fire! fire! 
thiah he-le\ to tear down houses in order to subdue a 
fire, he-chi", a vault for keeping things secure from 
fire, he-khe, a fire-proof store. 





ke-chioh, flint. he-hia", tinder, he-to, a steel 
for striking fire. he-poe, a sort of iron like a poker 
with a crooked end (used red-hot for melting cement, 
&c. ) he-krig, a hollow bamboo for blowing the fire. 
ke-kki", tongs, ke-ngoek, slim tongs with curved 
points, ke-ti, two iron rods used as tongs, ke-chhe, 
a poker, he-iam, a shovel. 

teng-he, a small lamp made with a small saucer, 
chit-pha-he, one lamp or light, he-oa", a metal 
dish with a very large wick, used at plays, he-tau, a 
three-sided screen for a lamp, used at plays. he-l&, a 
stove; a furnace; a fireplace, he-thang (C. h<5e-lang), 
a small charcoal stove in a basket, for warming the 
hands, or putting under one's clothes, he-tia", the 
pan for cooking rice; a rice-boiler. kui--e he-tia", 
how many families] 

ke-koe, the part of the gun that holds the match. 
ke-leng, match for matchlock, ke-pau, a ball full 
of powder thrown in war. ke-koan, a "stink-pot" 
used by pirates, te-lui ke-pkau, sort of mines in 
war. ke - ioh, gunpowder, he - ckkat. a sort of 
cement that is melted when used. 

ien-he, fireworks, pang ien-he, to let off fire- 
works, peh-he, a sky-rocket, he-be, a firework like 
a horse, made of bamboo, pang he-be, to set off this 
firework, he-sai, firework like a lion, he-ku, one 
like a turtle, tsu-lai-ke (r. ), lucifer matches, koan- 
a-ke, id. tsoa-lien-he, a lighted match of twisted 

khiet-he, to strike fire with a flint, phah-he, to 
strike fire, phah-hoa-he, to extinguish fire (v. hoa). 
phah-sit-he (T.), id. sit-he, to set on fire acciden- 
tally, khi-ke, to light a fire. hia"-he, to add more 
fuel (v. hia"). in-he, to take a light from another 
light; to catch fire (v. in), hoa-he, to be completely 
burned; to burn, as paper. chiu"-he, to light many 
lamps, as in markets at night, or as at idolatrous illu- 
minations, pun-he, to blow the fire; to blow out a 
lamp; to blow a match into flame, chio-he, to give 
light, as by a lamp hung up. chioh-he, to warm one's 
self, or a thing, at the fire, him-he, to cover up and 
extinguish embers, to be kept for use. im-he, id. 
tau-he, to fly into the flame, as a moth, thiau-he- 
phun, to leap through a large pile of burning wood, as 
on 1 . 15. sio-he-pbun, to have this ceremony, ke- 
ke, to go through a charcoal fire, as necromancers with 
an idol, at any time, tak-he, id. chhia n -he, to bring 
sacred fire with incense ashes (and carrying idols) from 
a greater temple to a less important one. khat-ho 
(On.), id. 

IlC, an emphatic interjection used before a negative 
sentence, he-m-si, no, indeed! it is not so at all ! he 
m-thang, you must on no account, he, kam-m-sl 
an-ni", well, is it not so! 

Il6 (C), = A. h6e (angry glance). 

ll& (R. s6e), (C. hde, Cn. h'6'), a year (of age) counted 
from New Year, not from birthday (but "ni n " is a year 
of time). ni"-ke, years of age. ke-siu, length of 
life (v. siu). ke-chiah chit-he, to live one year 
more, tsap-lak-he-lai, under the 16th year; not 
above 14, by our reckoning, ke-tkau iak-tsoe, yet 
he is of considerable age. kui-he, in what year of his 
age < sa"-he, in his third year; two years old. sa"- 
he gin-na, a mere child; might sometimes be only a 
few days more than one year old. sa n -tang-he, of the 
same age. pi"-he, id. lau-he, an old man. lin- 
lau-h'6 (T.), your father, lin lau-ho-nga (Cn.), id. 

lie (R. he-"), (C. h6e, Cn. ho), goods. sia n -he, 
what thing? what is the matter? 

he-he, very slim and inferior, e.g. too cheap furni- 
ture, lam-he, inferior goods, he-toe, remnant of 
a lot of goods, he-be, id. to-toe-he, worthless 
goods that no one wants, teh-toe-he, id. he-but, 
goods, he-sek, sorts or qualities of goods, he-pan, 
a sample, tsap-he, mixed goods (v. tsap). ifi"-he, 
foreign goods (v. id n ). liah su-he, to seize smuggled 

he-tsii, owner of goods or of cargo, he-kkek, a 
travelling merchant or commercial traveller buying or 
selling. ke-toa n , an invoice, bill of lading, or bill of 
sale (v. toa"). 

chhut-he, to sell goods; to unlade goods; to discharge 
cargo, or deliver goods out of the warehouse, &c. chhut- 
he-toa", an order from the Hong to deliver goods at 
vessel or warehouse (v. toa"). chhut-jip-he, to buy 
and sell goods, ti-he, to buy goods, pan-he, to buy 
goods for sale or on commission (v. pan), sia-he, to 
buy goods en credit, khi-he, to unlade, pok-he, 
to trans-ship goods into smaller vessel or lighter (v. pok). 
tsai-he, to transport goods, tah-he, to send goods. 
kia-ke, to send or consign or intrust goods, tsng- 
ke, to pack up goods, goan-tsng-he, goods in the 
original state as made, not made up to look better for 
sale, tun-he, to store up goods. 

he [R. ha, leisure], (C. he), pang-he, to dismiss 
school, at each time of each day, usually three times a 
day (s. below). 

lie (R. hoe), (C. hoe). le>-he, aloes (v. 16-). 

lie [R. connected, succession], (C. he), se-he, a 
genealogical table (C. si-he). 

he [R. to be, connected], (C. he), ko-he, really 
so (v. k6). m-tsai ti-ke, to know nothing about the 
matter at all. m-tsai hit--e ti-he, id. koan-he, 
relation to consequences, esp. as to responsibility or 
danger (v. koan). kan-ke (r.), id. 

he [R. ha, summer, China], (C. he, in all cases = 
A. ha, he), summer, ke-thi", summer, he-chi, 
midsummer day. jip-he, beginning of summer; May 
6th or 7th. lip-he, id. he-leng, the usual sort of 
summer weather, chhun-he chhiu-tang, the four 
seasons, chhun lam, he pak ; bo-tsui tkang 
boa-bak, south wind in spring and north wind in 
summer do not bring one drop of rain, he-ker-chhau, 
a medicinal plant (v. ker). 

he (C), = A. hoe. me-he, a crab, mhg-he (P. ), 
id. he-a, small crab found in fields. 

lie (R. ha), (C. he, in every case = A. ha, he), to 
lower; to let down; to lay down; to mix, as manure, 
salt, or poison; to ship; to invest; to vow; often at the 
end of a clause almost untranslatable, indicating a 
downward motion. 

u-he-16h, well behaved; safe to meddle with (v. 16h). 
u sim-mih 11 he-16h, what news of him? 

he-goan, to vow formally, as before a god. hi- 
he (C), id. kiu-he, id. tau-he (r.), id. tau- 
he, to vow together, he-put, to make a vow to an 
idol, he-sin thok-put, to vow to spirits and idols. 
he-tsoa, to make incantations and imprecations (for 
the injury of others) with burning paper; done for money 
by childless old hags, because persons with a family 
dare not, for fear of calamity coming on their family. 
he-tsoa tsoe-kkio, id. kkit--lang he-tsoa, to 
be injured by such incantations, he-li-than, he-li- 
6; kau-si, mik" to-bo, said of promising to reward 









a man if he gives help, but failing to keep the promise; 
said of the idol the--t!-kong (v. ti). 

ki-he — teh, to write down, siu-he, to lay up, or 
lay away, as goods, siu-he- -teh, id. chek-he, to 
collect more and more, as things, tiu-he (Cn. ), to 
throw away, pang -he, to lay down (s. leisure). 
pang -he— teh, id. bak-chiu pang-he-he (C. 
ke-ke), eyes looking down, as very sad, ashamed, or re- 
verential. chhia n -he--teh, just lay it down, he-- 
teh bin-a-tsai, lay it down for to-morrow's use. 

he-he, to put goods on board, or into a godown, &c. 
he-tsai, to put cargo on board, he-iam, to ship salt; 
to sprinkle salt on meat, so as to preserve it. he-piii, 
to manure, he-tok, to give poison secretly. ka"-he 
tang-ioh, not afraid to prescribe very powerful medi- 
cine, that may kill or cure. 

he-pun, to invest money, he-le - , to give a bribe, 
he-soeh (T.), to give a bribe to one person. 

he-chhiu, to use violence in striking, or in a feud 
(v. chhiu). he si-thui, to strike with a murderous 
club, he-bang, to set a net. he-phang (C), to 
lower sail, he-khah-ke (C), to take in sail. 

lie [R. hoe, a society, to meet]; (C. hoe, which is 
also A. in some phrases), to consult together, to discuss 
or confess. 

he-thau, the head manager of a club for mutual 
benefit, chio-he, to propose subscriptions for such a 
club, id-he, to raffle for the loan of money in it. 

hoe-he (C. hoa-hoe), a sort of gambling, or rather 
two sorts, one by an octangular teetotum with five to 
eight characters; the other, which is much worse, has 
thirty-seven characters, and is played by shaking dice 
without a teetotum, io-hoe-he, to shake the dice in 
the worse sort. hoe-he-tiu n , a gambling place (in a 
village) for this worse sort, hoe-he-tau, the teetotum 
of the less hurtful sort, lien hoe-he, to twirl it, as 
the keeper of the gambling-house does, teh-hoe-he, 
to gamble with it, as the player, hoe-he-pang, 
board used for this sort. 

he-6e, to discuss or talk over a matter, with explana- 
tions. hun-he-6e, id. hun-he, id. bo-hun bo- 
he, without any explanations, e.g. doing a thing with- 
out stating before, or before allowing explanation, li- 
he, to discuss a matter with another, bien-he, to 
meet together and discuss a disputed matter, he-siau, 
to meet and examine an account. sa"-pe-he (C. sio- 
poe-hoe), to discuss a matter so as to come to an agree- 
ment, generally by each party yielding a little, kap — 
i pe-he, to discuss the matter with him. he-tsoe, 
to meet together in order to take common action, e.g. 
to go together for some purpose. 

he-rh-tioh, to go to a man and confess being wrong, 
so as ,to make it up. he-m-si, id. he-put-si, id. 
ka--lang he-rh-tioh, id. ka-i-he, id. he jin- 
cheng, to claim credit or thanks for a favour done, 
either done by one's self or by another whom we say we 
have influenced to it. he khang-jin-cheng, to 
claim credit for it falsely, e.g. for what we would have 
done at any rate, or for what another did quite in- 
dependently of us. 

lit 1 ( = heh n ), interjection used in reproving. h£ n 
rh-thang an-ni D , you must not on any account act so. 

ll£ n ( = hhg), yes! (I hear what you say); yes sir! 

ll£ n (cf. hai n , hi n ). he n -he"-chhan, to groan in- 
cessantly, as a sick man. 

Iieh (T.),=A. neb". sa n -heh, to stir up one 
another to do something. 

Iieh [R. ha, to lower], (C. he), heh-phang, to 

lower the sail (taking it in). 

ll£h (C. ), = hah. heh-chhiu", to sneeze. 

Iiell (cf. heh n ), interjection of wonder or surprise, 
sometimes with displeasure, heh tsai n -iu", how ever 
is this? heh rh-thang, that will never do. 

Iieh" ( = h£ n ), interjection used in sudden reproving. 

ll£ll n [R. kek, to incite, to provoke], (T. heh). sa n - 
heh n , stirring up each other to do something dangerous, 
expensive, or difficult. heh"-lai heh"-khi, id. hong- 
heh n , several persons thus inciting each other to act 
together, tau-hong-heh", id. hong-hong heh n - 
heh", acting hurriedly on the spur of the moment, 
without full consideration. 

ll£ll n (C), =A. hioh, to rest. toa-heh n , to stay, 
as a guest or visitor, for some time. 

ll£ll n , noise, as of things broken, or of crockery-ware 
struck that has a crack in it. oa n h.Eh"-heh", the 
bowl gives a bad ring, showing that it is cracked, ham- 
heh n , sound of coughing or of cracked crockery, ham- 
heh n ka-sau, sound of severe coughing, as in con- 

liek [R. black]. hek-kiu n , ginger root burned 
into charcoal for medicinal use. hek-pek put-hun 
(black and white not distinguished), innocent person 
unable to prove his innocence (v. pek). kun-tsu — 
chia, chhek : kun-bek--chia, hek, contact with 
vermilion makes one red, with ink makes one black; 
a man becomes like his companions. 

liek (R. id.) hien-hek, glorious and illustrious, 
as a god or spirit that answers prayer. 

liek (better "hiet"). pang-hek-kak, to throw 

Il&k (R. id.) hek-chia, perhaps, hek-si, per- 
haps it is — . hek-ka n si an-ni" (T.), I should 
think it may be so. 

kek [R. to doubt; to deceive], gi-hek, to doubt; 
to suspect, as a person or affair, be-hek, to lead 
astray, iu-hek, id. iau-gien sien-hek, to deceive 
by false and crafty words, tso-to hek-chiong, to 
deceive the multitude by wicked arts, as the Tauist 

liek [R. ji6k, flesh]; also (Cn.), = A. bah, flesh, pork. 

hek-sin, the body, chhin-kut-hek, one's own 
relations, by blood (not adoptive), as son or brother. 
hia n -ti na" kut-hek, brothers are like our own flesh, 
siah-kut loh-hek, very very lean, er-lam-hek, 
meat of a sort of shell-fish, the-kui-hek (T.), id. 

liek [R. a place], siu-hek, a grave-site prepared 
before death. 

liek [R. gek, to oppose, = keh]. hoai n - hek, 
violent, overbearing, and unjust. 

lick (Cn.), = A. ek. un-hek, pestilence, epidemic. 

liek (Cn.), = A. ek. soe-hek, to bathe by throw- 
ing water over one's self. 

lieng [R. elder brother, = col. hia n ]. pau-heng, 
elder brother by same father, leng-heng, your elder 
brother (polite), se-heng, teacher's son (lit. small 
elder brother), heng-te, elder and younger brothers 
(v. te). 

lieilg [R. to prosper; to rise], (C. hin). heng- 
ong, to prosper, teh tng-heng, in great repute for 
power, as idol, tiong-heng, coming to prosperity 
after a difficult beginning, as a dynasty, heng-khi, 
to raise up or make to flourish; to spring up, as a great 


*■ \ 




man. heng-soe, to prosper and to decay. koe- 
heng koe-the, rapidly prospering and as rapidly de- 
caying, sin-put heng, te-tsu keng, when the 
idol prospers, its votaries are poor. 

siau-heng, Shau-hing-Foo (v. siau). heng-hoa, 
Hing-hwa-foo. heng-tsoan-eng-to, the Amoy 
Tautai, ruling Hing-hwa, Chin-chew, and Yung-chun. 

heng [R. successful], heng-thcmg (R.), to be 
successful and prosperous, as a man. 

IlCIIii [R. hiong, the breast], heng-hah, the 
chest, heng-cheng, the breast or bosom, heng- 
keh, the chest; the parts inclosed by the ribs, heng-, id. heng-kham, the breast, heng- 
kham-kut, the breast-bone, khiu heng-kham, 
to seize a man by the neck of his dress at the breast, 
khiu-heng-a, id. 

hien-heng, to expose the breast uncovered; to open 
the outer dress so as to let the inner one appear, tah- 
heng, to strike the breast with the palm, as in promis- 
ing to be security, thg-heng, to strike one's breast 
violently with the palm, as sign of great displeasure, or 
determination to quarrel; also (C. siang-heng), to 
beat the breast with a large stone, as beggars do. tui- 
heng, to beat the breast with the fist (v. tui). 

koe-heng, breast projecting like a fowl's, koe- 
heng hau-hiah; rh-si, iah-tsoe khit-chiah,with 
a breast like a fowl's, and a large forehead like a king- 
crab, if he don't die, he will be at least a beggar. 

phan-heng-thau (T.), the upper corner of the flap 
of dress where it buttons at the neck. 

heng (P. ), = hiong. song - heng, = s6ng - hiong, 

heng [R. hi6ng, male'], ah-heng, a young drake 
(s. form). ah-heng-sia n , broken voice of a young lad 
just coming of age. sau--liau ah-heng-sia", deep 
consumptive sound of voice. 

heng [R. constant, continual]. h@ng-ho, the 
Ganges, heng-ho sa, ser-hut (Buddhist phrase), 
Buddhas are innumerable as the sands of the Ganges. 

heng [R. the ancient feudal state of Hing], a sur- 

lieng [R. to walk, to go, to act; the elements, = col. 
kia"]. heng-tong ku-chi, behaviour. heng- 
chi, id. bo-heng-chi, devoid of good conduct, bo 
thi n -li, kah bo heng-chi, utterly devoid of good 
principles or conduct, heng-keng, behaviour, heng- 
sien, to live morally, heng-hiong, to commit crimes 
of violence (v. hiong). heng-heng su-chi, wicked 
disorderly conduct, heng-i, to practise medicine; to 
act as a doctor (s. return), heng-hiet, purifying for 
the blood, as medicine, heng -pong (R.), to have 
sexual intercourse with wife or concubine. 

kii-heng, to take action in a matter; to make a 
beginning of it. thong-heng, universally prevalent 
or current; can be used anywhere, kong-heng, pub- 
licly and openly, liu-heng, to go on in regular course, 
as nature's operations; to act far and wide, as epidemic, 
su-kui liu-heng, the seasons roll on. un-ek liu- 
heng, epidemic prevailing, thien-te heng-tsai, 
Heaven and earth serid calamities, thien-tsai heng- 
ho, calamities sent by Heaven. 

nger-heng, the five elements, nge--heng phoe- 
tah, the five elements (metal, wood, water, fire, earth) 
duly proportioned in a man's horoscope or appearance, 
said in fortune-telling. 

heng-li, baggage, bi-heng, to go incognito, as 
mandarin, chhun-pe lan-heng, cannot go one inch 

further, pan-heng thien-ha. to publish all through 
the world, as a decree, heng-hiu", to go in procession 
to offer incense, as mandarins (v. hiu"). chhut-heng, 
to begin to go from home on a lucky day, esp. at New- 
Year season, ehhut-heng-jit, a lucky day for that 
purpose, or for an idol visiting its native place, si- 
heng, to leave a card when leaving home for a distance, 
esp. as mandarins and kujin do, in order to get pre- 
sents of money in return (s. return), sang-heng, to 
see a man off on a journey, song-heng, id. chien- 
heng, to give a parting feast to a man (v. chien). 
sun-tsiii heng-chiu, sailing with the tide; all going 

ho-heng-tse" (Cn. chi'6), graceful gait and demean 
our (v. tser). heng-thau, fine clothes, bo-heng- 
thau, having no nice clothes to wear, kui-nia" 
heng-thau, how many fine dresses? u-heng-thio 
(Cn. ), having fine clothes to wear (v. thi'6). 

heng-su, the more regular form of the current hand. 

lieilg (R. id.), form; shape; the embryo in an egg. 
heng-tsong, outward form (v. tsong). heng-siong, 
form (of man), heng-hai, shape or appearace of per- 
son, heng-iong, id. heng -the, external form. 
heng-t&, a likeness for detecting a criminal, heng- 
se, shape or form, especially of a hill, as regards its good 
or bad luck. soa n -heng, shape of hills, lang-heng, 
form of a man. ji su jin-heng, a man's writing is 
like his appearance, bin-hetig, form of the face. 

cheng-heng, condition and circumstances, as of a 
matter, heng-chek, traces (v. chek). u-heng-ia", 
to have some reality or some foundation in fact (v. ia"), 
= u-eng-hi<5ng. 

bu-heng, feminine look. bu- heng -the, id. 
tsa-bd'-heng, id. chhat-heng, very coarse, large, 
and rough in appearance (like a robber), ok-heng, 
unpleasant natural appearance of face, as if bad-tempered 
(v. ok), kiii-heng, fiend-like. ui-heng, stern 
awe-inspiring manner and bearing, bo sim-mih" ui- 
heng, not very dignified or terrible in appearance, 
ui-heng chin-tang, manner exceedingly stern. 

pien-heng, to change one's manner from friendly 
to unfriendly appearance; to change one's appearance, 
as when just about to die. 

u-heng, there is an embryo in the egg. ah-heng, 
embryo in duck's egg (s. male). 

heng — seng-heng, spoiled, as a child; deter- 
mined, as a beggar [last word or following word ?] 

lieng [R. cross, perverse, = col. hoai"], (Cn. hui", 
hSng). heng-gek (Cn. hui n -gek), very wicked, vici- 
ous, violent, or perverse; especially injurious to others. 
chhiong - heng, id. heng - heng su-chi, very 
wicked disorderly conduct. 

lieilg [R. to punish; punishment], heng-hoat, 
to punish; punishment, tang-heng, severe punish- 
ment, khok-heng, cruel, unjust, and oppressive 
(punishment); severe (torture), heng-khu, instru- 
ments for punishment or torture, as in yamun. 

heng-pe - , the board of punishments, at capital; the 
minister of justice, heng -pang, the official in a 
yamun who attends to that department of business, 
heng-beng, the secretary (su-ia) who attends to legal 
cases, heng-beng su-ia, id. heng-beng chien- 
kok, the two principal secretaries in a yamun, manag- 
ing respectively legal cases and revenue, tng-heng- 
tiong, to have the o.'lice of beating criminals, &c. (v. 

heng (R. hoan), (T. hui", Cn. hui", tui", C. ban, 

,-T / 









P. heng), to return a thing; to pay back; to repay; to 
send back a thing, si-heng, to return, as a present or 
part of a present that one does not accept (s. walk), si 
heng — i, to decline a thing and return it to him (to 
the sender), the-heng, to send back, as part of goods 
not wanted, thoa" — heng, to pay a percentage, as in 
general average, phi" -heng, to pay by instalments, 
tui-heng, to send and catch a thief so as to get back 
stolen property, as mandarins do. heng-boe-khi, 
unable to raise enough to pay, as for another, heng — i, 
return it to him. heng-che, to pay a debt, heng- 
siau, to pay an account. 

Il4'Iltf — heng-heng, with all one's heart; quite 
in the spirit of a thing; full of desire to do something 
at once, heng-heng sa"-kap-khi, went with him 
with all his heart. khi-thau heng-heng, be- 
chhiii leng-leng, at first very warm for it, afterwards 
very cool, heng-heng tl koe-mfig-chheng (fond 
of wearing a dust-brush instead of a feather in his cap), 
said of a mean fellow making himself very consequential 
(cf. heng). 

lieilg [R. id. by change of tone from "heng," to 
prosper], (C. bin), to delight in; to have a fancy for; to 
desire strongly, often in a somewhat bad sense, heng- 
oan-ke, quarrelsome, heng-sia-ji, fond of writing 
characters, heng-chiah, fond of eating it, as some 
special sort of food. 

kau-heng, to desire very much; have a fancy for. 
u-heng-thau, having a strong desire to. sim-sek- 
heng, have a fancy for something or some pleasure; to 
take a fancy to. tioh-i sim-sek-heng, chiah-beh, 
must wait till the fancy strikes him, and then he will 
do it. hoat-heng, to get quite into the spirit of a 
thing, chit-tsui-a hoat-heng, quite warm in a 
matter for a short time. 

ho -heng, fond of, as some pleasure; in full spirits 
for — . h§-heng (Cn.), id. ho-heng-lim, fond of 
drinking, ho-heng khi soa n -giam, setting off in 
high spirits for a walk to hill temples. [All these phrases are 
used only of several persons together.] [about a matter. 

sit-heng, dispirited ; dejected ; having lost heart 

heng (T. hai n , Cn. hui n ), to make a present. sa n - 
heng, id. kap — i sa n -heng, giving and receiving 
presents, as intimate friends, heng-ke, to make pre- 
sents of cakes and the other offerings after they have 
been offered to ancestors or spirits, heng itt-png, to 
present rice to friends who call soon after birth of a child 
(v. pfig). 

heng [B, to get by chance or bad means], hiau- 
hing, by chance; by good-luck, often when not de- 
served ; by bad means ; not keeping one's promise, 
hiau-heng lang-chi n , to swindle people, heng- 
gu siong-hong (R.), fortunately met. 

heilg [R. fortunate], heng-tit, fortunately, put- 
heng, unfortunately; by bad-luck. 

heng — eng-heng, behaving in an unjust or 
overbearing way (v. 6ng). siu"-heng, lazy; idle. 
siu n -te-heng, to neglect one's work or do it in a slip- 
shod inefficient manner, kek-heng, lazy; idle; un- 
willing to give any assistance, shg-heng, lazy; un- 
willing to give any assistance beyond what our employ- 
ment compels us to. kau-heng, lazy and idle; always 
finding excuses for negligence or overreaching; refusing 
to do more than can be avoided, or to tell what one 
ought; cunning, as child good at making excuses for 
disobedience. 6e-lang kau-heng, short people are 
lazy and selfish. 6e-lang bo-heng, thi"-e thai- 

peng, if short people were not lazy and selfish, the 
world would be peaceful and happy. 

lieilg [R. conduct; behaviour; by change of tone 
from "Mng" to walk], phin-heng, behaviour, tek- 
heng, id. u tek-heng, of good character, bo-tek- 
heng, of bad character, ho-tek-heng, good charac- 
ter and conduct. 

siu-heng, to reform and live morally, hau-heng, 
filial piety, toan-heng, wickedly and secretly injur- 
ing others, chhau-heng, wickedly injuring people. 

sim-heng, character of heart, as good or bad. u 
sim-heng, good at contriving how to do anything, toa- 
sim-heng, avaricious, covetous, venturous, chhau- 
sim-heng, wickedly injuring others. phai n -sim 
tok-heng, very wicked and injurious in heart and 
conduct. h6-sim ho-heng, of good character and 
conduct, ho - sim ho - heng, bo - sa n thang - 
chheng, well-behaved people have no clothes to wear. 
lieng [R. the almond], heng - jin, almonds. 
kam-heng, do., as medicinal, heng-hoe, the almond 
plant or flower, heng-hoa (C. ), id. kher-heng, 
kernels of the bitter peach (medicinal), gun-heng, a 
white medicinal nut(gingko? Salisburiaadianthifolia?), 
= peh-k<5-a. 

heng (R. hien), (T. hiing, Cn. hui"). heng- 
chhai, a sort of vegetable (Chenopodium?). 

hi [R. good fortune or happiness], ho sin-hi, to 
make congratulations in the first days of the year. 

hi [R. glory or prosperity], khong-hi, the reign 
of Khang-hi. khong-hi-kun, the emperor Khang- 
hi. khong-hi ji-tien, the Imperial Chinese Dic- 

hi (R. id.) h6k-hi, Fuh-hi, one of the most ancient 

hi [R. to heat; to roast], tsu-hi, Choo-he (Chu-hi), 
or Choo-foo-tsze, the great commentator, tsu-hi- 
kong, id. 

hi [R. a pleasing appearance], chhio hi-hi, smil- 
ing pleased look, hi-hi-chhio, to laugh with pleased 
look and mouth open. 

lli — hi-hi-hau, to make a constant talking. 
hi — an-hi, = an-ni n , thus (rare and local phrase). 
hi (C), =«=A. hu, empty. 

hi (R. id. ), few; scanty, hi-bi, id. hi-han, rare 
(v. han). hi-be, very thin-boiled rice, be hi-hi, 
the rice very thin boiled, chhit-sip ker-lai-hi, from 
ancient times few men reach seventy years. 

hi (R. hu), =hu, a market held on fixed days; a 
market-village, si-hi, a market-day. hi-tiu", mar- 
ket-place. hi-te\ a passage-boat to or from a market, 
ti-a-hi, a pig-market. 

koa n -hi, to come to market. 16h-hi, id. hu-hi, 
to reach the market in good time, hi soa", the market 
broken up. 

Ill (R. gu), (T. hu, Cn. hfi), a fish, kui-a-hi, a 
tadpole, bak-hi, the cuttle-fish, gun-hi, a long 
white worm-shaped fish (not silver fish), kim-hi, gold 
fish or silver fish, kim-hi-soe, floating weeds in jars 
of gold or silver fish. 

peh-hi, a sort of edible fish, tio-peh-hi, a sort of 
game; to play at it. khia-peh-hi, to stand on one's 
hands with head down, peh-hi-a (C), the book-worm. 
si n td-hi, to have a long sore on the calf of the leg. 
hi-ji, a fish-bait. hi-chhi n , edible marine animals 
in general, hi-ki, dorsal fins, hi-iet, pectoral fins, 
hi-sit, fins, hi-chhi, shark's fins (edible), hi-nng, 










roe, spawn, hi-chi, dried and salted roe. hi-pa, 
dried fish, hi-koa", id. kiam-hi, salted fish, hi- 
siu" (Cn.), id. hi-pe\ small dried fish, slightly salted 
and moist. hi-be-chhe, a fish's forked-tail. 6e, 
chheng kau na" hi-be-chhe--nih n , shoes worn 
till like a fish-tail. 

tho-hi, to fish, pha-bi, to fish with large nets, 
tsan-hi, to fish with the smaller net called "tsan." 

chit-be na"-hi--nih n , having on no clothes what- 
ever, tsui chheng, bi hien, said of a man's inno- 
cence getting justice at last, chia" - tsui - hi jip 
kiam-tsui-kang, quite out of his element. 

ill (R. pi), ( = hit), that, those (pronoun), hi-tau, 
there, ti-hi-lai, inside there, tl-hi toh-teng, on 
that table, an-hi (T. C), thus. 

Ill [R. hu, to promise], hi-hs (C), to make a vow. 

Ill [R. to rejoice, joy]. hoa n -hi, to rejoice; to be 
pleased. hoa"-hoa" hi-hi, very much pleased, and 
manifesting it. hoa n -hi kau tioh-poah, so full of 
joy as to stumble. kio-hoa n -hi, to call out and give 
orders solely for the pleasure of giving orders, hoab- 
boa"-hi, id., or as calling out on a hill for amusement 
in exuberant spirits. 

kiong-hi, to congratulate; 1 congratulate you, sir ! 
ho-hi, to congratulate, tau-bi, to make a call of 
congratulation, pd-hi, to announce specially goad 
news, esp. as omen (v. po). hi-chhiok, = kheh-chiau, 
a sort of magpie; a good -omened bird, ngia hi-sin, 
an idolatrous procession of military mandarins in spring, 
tsoe-hi-kheng, Tauist rites for good luck on joyful 
occasions (v. kheng). chiah-hi-chiu, to be at a feast 
on some auspicious occasion, esp. a marriage, hi-su, 
matter for much congratulation, e.g. birth of son. u 
hi-su, said of wife conceiving, song-hi-su, births, 
deaths, marriages, &c, with their ceremonies, jip- 
mfig hi, to have a son as soon as possible in course of 
nature after the marriage, chhut-bun kien-hi, to 
meet with a good omen or good news on going out of 

hi-sia, to give joyfully, as alms (v. sia). 

Ill (R. hui), (Cn. hui), the lungs; the lights of an 
animal, hi-kng, the wind-pipe, hi-iong, a deep 
abscess near the lungs, hi-hu, the lungs and another 
great internal organ (v. hu). lun-hl, to mollify the 
lungs, so as to cure coughing or want of voice. 

ti-hi, pig's lights. 

hi — bah-bi, to gape, hi-hi-chhid, to smile 
and laugh (pleased) with mouth open. 

hi [R. to sport, a play], a play. chit-pi n -hi, one 
play, chit-chhut-bi, an act of a play. 

hi-hiok, to talk bad language and low jesting to- 
gether, esp. of women or children, hi-hiauh, id. hi- 
lang, to make improper jokes and gestures, &c, towards 
a woman, as a man with bad intention. 

kun-tiong bu-hi-gien (no jokes in the army), it 
is too serious a matter for joking, hui tong-ji-hi 
(R.), this is no child's play, khun iu-kong. hi bu- 
ek, diligence is useful, but amusement is useless. 

poa"-bi, to act a play. poa"-kau-hl, to have a 
play with monkeys (as beggar), or a play in which a pig 
and a monkey are represented, chbut-bl, to begin a 
play, tbo-hl, to rehearse a play, tsng-bl, to follow 
the business of an actor. pak--lang tsng-hi, to 
apprentice and hire out (as one's son) for a long term of 
years to an actor. khoa n -hi, to look at a play, tiah- 
hi, to select the play for performance, cheng-hi, to 
engage a company to play for us. te-hi, to be fond of 

seeing plays, esp. following one particular company; 
often includes the idea of lasciviousness. toa-hi, to 
keep a theatrical company at one's house, hiring them 
out for plays. 

tng-hi-koa, to observe what sort of a play one 
chances to meet with, and take an omen from it for one's 
fortune, hoat hi-toh, to exact as a forfeit the expense 
of a play and a feast. 

tsde-pa-hi, jugglery; idle play (v. pa). tsok 
keng-a-hi, transparencies like magic lantern, tsoa- 
ia"-hi, id. ka-le-hi, puppet-shows (v. 16). p6r-te- 
bi, another sort of puppet-shows, seng-siu-hi, plays 
on birthday of emperor or empress. chia"-im-hi, 
plays in mandarin dialect, toa-bi, colloquial plays 
by adults, lau-hl, id. tau-lau-hi, actors clubbing 
together in a company without a head, and leaving when 
they choose ; fig. of man and woman cohabiting without 
marriage, just so long as they like, hi-a, a play in the 
Chin-chew dialect by boys, hoe-bi, a play of a lasci- 
vious character. 

hl-chi n , money subscribed for idolatrous plays, hi- 
phun, plays for the dead (v. phun). hi-toa", a list of 
plays from which the idol selects one. hi-pi", a stage 
for temporary use. hi-pi n -kha, round about the stage, 
as among the spectators, hl-tai, a permanent stage, 
as before a temple, hi-koan, a house where actors 
lodge, hi-hok, theatrical dresses, hi-lang, sort of 
box for carrying them. 

hi-pan, a company of actors, hi-a-pan, young 
actors, bi-kioh, an actor, esp. of mandarin dialect 
and of lower class, chhit-kioh-hi po ban-peng, 
seven actors saying they are ten thousand soldiers; said 
of a little money or a few things going a great way. bi- 
seng, a male character, hi-toa", a female character 
(always done by men), hi-khoeh, a sort of clown in 
a play; a man who talks or acts ludicrously to make 
people laugh. hi-siu n , a man who doats on a company 
of actors, esp. on those who represent females (v. siu"). 
hi-chhoang, id. hi-tii (T.), id. 

hiam-hi boh-chhia"; chhia"-hi boh-hiam, if 
you den't like them don't hire them, if you hire them 
don't find fault, sek-sek-hl poah-loh pi"-kha, 
the most skilful actor sometimes falls from the stage. 

hi (C. ) hui n -hi, waste and uncultivated, as land. 

hi (R. ji n , ni n ), the ear; handles of ajar or hod, &c. 
chheng-hi, touch-hole of a gun. ang-hi, handles 
of a large jar. lak-hi, the two supports of a mast at 
the side. th&-lang-hi, projection on rim of mill for 
cleaning rice, having a hole for the hook by which it is 
turned. sa"-hi-a, a sort of basket used in building. 
kau-nai"-hi, the 163d or 170th radical, as written at 
the side (v. kau). 

kau-hi, an ear-pick (v. kau). bi-kau, an ear-ring. 
hi-tui, id. hi-khoan (T. ), id. bi-to, small knife 
for cleaning the inside of the ear. hi-chi", arrows 
stuck in the ears of delinquent soldiers. 

hi-a, the ear, as a whole, hi-a-kun, the veins at 
back of ear. hi-a-ki n , rim of the ear. bi-a-au, the 
part of the head covered by the flap of the ear behind, 
hi-a-tun, large lobe of ear. hi-tun, id. hi-kia", 
tympanum of the ear. hi-khang-kui, id. phab- 
phai" hi-khang-kui, to injure the tympanum by too 
much picking, hi-khang-kui ki-ki-hau, a ringing 
in the ears, hi-khang hau, id. hi-kbang, the 
orifice of the ear; the ear, in relation to hearing, hi- 
ang-a, the cavity of the ear. hi-bioh, the large flap 
of the ear. hi-tsu, the lower lobe of the ear. hi-ti, 
the small lobe that almost covers the orifice. 







chhau-hi-lang, deaf. iu n -hi, ear always moist 
and needing to be cleaned, si" hi-ang-a, ear sup- 
purating, chhau-hi-ang-a, id. si"-hi-that, to 
have a growth in the ear, stopping it. hi-that, flaps 
of coarse yellow mourning cap covering the ears, signi- 
fying that the mourner is to have no ear for worldly 

hi-khang khin, ready to believe or follow whatever 
one is told, however absurd, hi-khang tang, dull 
of hearing, hi-khang lai, sharp at hearing, hi- 
khang-lai, within the ear. 

poa"-hi, to shake the ears (v. poa"). chi n hi-a, to 
pull the ears, khg-hi, to bore the ear (as of a pig) for 
a ring, tshg-hi, to bore the human ear. lien-hi, 
to brush the ear, as barber, chho-hi, to stun the ears, 
kong kau toa"-phoa lang-hi-khang, to talk so 
much about what a man wishes not to hear, as to split 
his ears, phah-chih lang hl-khang-nmg, to 
speak to a man so unjustly or unreasonably as to make 
him very angry. keh--chih lang hi-khang-mrig, 
id. keh-tui" lang hi-khang-me n (C), id. phah- 
keh lang &c. (C), id. keh-hi, making people un- 
willing to listen, as unreasonable talk. thia"--liau 
keh-hi, unwilling to listen to what has been said, 
thia" kau pa-hi, having heard so much that we don't 
wish to hear more, bo-jip-hi e-6e, what one does 
not like to hear, chit-hi jip, hit-hi chhut, in at 
one ear and out at the other. thia n -16h-hi, to hear 
and understand distinctly, thia" bo-loh-hi, to hear 
indistinctly, thia"— liau ta"-hl (Cn.), to hear indis- 
tinctly, so as to mistake, ui hi-khang, to pick the 
ears, ui hi-khang, cheng-cheng-thia", clean 
your ears, and listen attentively (may include the idea 
of not speaking or meddling). 

u-hi bo-chhui, hear but must not report; said to 
a child. chhiu"-piah u-hi, walls have ears, take 
care what you say. thia"-hi thia"-piah, to listen 
secretly, as an eaves-dropper, goa-koa ti-hi-a be- 
liu, I hang it at the corner of my ear; I don't care 
much for what you say. goa-kui &c, id. ti-thau- 
chhui pun-ki-hi, mouth like a hoe and ears like a 
hod; I am not good at speaking nor able to understand 
what is said (humble language). 

koai"-ke-hi, ears of different size, hi-a toa-tui, 
ears large, sign of good luck in making money, thau 
chiam, hi-tun poh, face long and ears thin, supposed 
not to get rich, thau chiam, hi poh, id. kau- 
thau chhu-hi (monkey's head and rat's ears), very 
ugly, thau phoa, hi uih, head severely wounded, 
chhau-thau noa"-hi, head all over boils, &c. 

he'-hi-chhau, a small plant used in pots round the 
roots of other plants (the leaf is like a tiger's ear), used 
for diseases of the ear; said also of a daughter brought 
up, as just in order to look well, though she might very 
well be dispensed with. 

hi" — hi"-hi"-chhan, to groan, chhan hi n - 
hi", id.; sound of sobbing, as of children. hi"-hi"- 
hau, sound of child crying or constantly asking for 
things; sound of flies or mosquitoes, hau-hi" (vulg.), 
said in scolding children for crying or people for asking 

Ill" (C. ), to sob, as a bride on leaving her mother. 

Ill" (T. ) an-hi", = an-ni n , thus. 

Ill" [R. hifin, a string]. hi"-soe, the reed of a loom, 
hi" tsang, the reed and the perpendicular threads (v. 
tsang). hi"-soe khau-tsang, id. hi"-so, a shuttle. 
hi"-kui (C), a loom. 

khia-hi"-- e, stake-nets, = khia-biing. 

Ill" [R. pi, = col. hit, &c] an-hi n an-hiu D (C.), 
unsettled in purpose, varying back and forwards, an- 
hi" (T. ), thus, in this way, said in giving orders to do 
so and so. 

hi" (T.) an-hi"-si, that way. an-hi", a-si an- 
chi", shall it be this way or that way 1 

111" (C.) me"-hi", a small cricket that makes this 
sound, = chhiu-sien. 

Ill", to toss up or throw away. hi n -hiet-kak, to 
throw away. hi"--khi lai, to toss up. hi"-16h-hai, 
to toss into the sea. hng-hng hi"-hi n , all in disorder, 
as a room. 

io-kha hi n -chhiu, to swagger about, moving one's 
limbs excessively. le : -nih n -hi n , to swing or shake 
from side to side, hi" chhien-chhiu, to swing a 

pang-hi"-ta n (Cn.), to throw away. hi"-ta n (An. 
L.), id. hi"-tan-ta n (An. L.), id. 

hi" (R. hien), an ink-stone, for rubbing down ink. 
siah-hi", a marble ink-stone, khui-hi", to make an 
ink-stone, pit-bak-hi", pen, ink, and ink-stone, pit- 
bak tsoa-hi°, do. and paper. 

hi n -ah, case for ink-stone. hi"-ti, hollow for the 
water in it. hi n -er, do. in large stone for writing large 
characters. hl n -ts6 (C), id. 

hi" (cf. hi"). hi"-hi n -chhoan, to pant and gasp. 
thd'-khui hi"-hai° (esp. C. ), to groan, sob, and pant 

Ilia (R. id.), a boot, hia-thang, the leg of 
a boot, hia-ang, id. phe-hia, leather boots, iu- 
hia, boots with soles soaked in "thang" oil. chien- 
hia, boots for defending the leg in war. oan-thau- 
hia, boots with round toes, used by civil mandarins. 
chiam-be-hia, boots with sharp toes, used by military 
officers, phoa-hia-tong, broken-down literati, who. 
make a living by frightening people, and sharing money 
with underlings of yamuns. 

Ilia, a ladle, a scoop, a very small hand-net; to catch 
with a small hand-net. tsui-hia, a scoop for lading 
out water. chhe , -hia, one for lading out manure, 
pun-hia, bucket on a pole for manure, hau-hia, a 
ladle made of the king-crab shell, pu-hia, a ladle 
made of a gourd, or of wood, chha-hia, a wooden 
one. chha — e pu-hia, id. hi-hia, a small hand- 
net shaped like a ladle, bang-hia, one for scooping 
fish out of a large net. bang-hia, hand-net for catch- 
ing mosquitoes, chhu-hia, one for catching larvse. 

hia-chhu, to catch larvae in a small hand -net. 
hia-bang, to catch mosquitoes thus. 

Ilia [R. pi, that, those, there], there, ti-hia, id. 
hia-e, those. 

Ilia [R. hoa, a flower]. hia-pai, ostentatious, 
dashing, gaudy (v. pai). hia-pai" (T.), id. 

Ilia. — hia-chia, very cumbrous, as large piece of 

Ilia (T. ) sek-hia put-ts6, = sek-kia, Shakyamuni 
or Buddha. 

Ilia ( =jia). chhiu"-hia, to make a bow; to bow. 

Ilia (R. oa), (Cn. hoa), a tile, for roof, chhu-hia, 
roof-tiles, hia-iu", outer and inner tiles for roof, 
tsng-phiah-hia, tiles and bricks of all sorts, hoe- 
thau-hia, tiles with a point turned down, used at 
eaves. thi"-thang-hia, tiles with bit of glass or 
oyster-shell in the middle, for light. 

hia-hoe, fragile partition with wide spaces made of 
tiles placed diagonally, as on the top of a wall, hia- 









id, a tile-work, hia-tso, a boat carrying tiles, hia- 
tso, alternate rows (raised and depressed) of tiles on a 
roof, hia-tang, semicylindrical tiles for roofs, hia- 
thang, id. hia-to, a bricklayer's trowel for breaking 
and laying bricks, &c. hia-sien, small worms like 
centipedes, hia-san (Cn.), id. 

chhu-hia-phe, broken bits of tiles. hia-phia"- 
phoe (C), id. (v. phia"). 

khioh-hia, to lay tiles on a roof, in the usual 
Chinese way. ni"-hia, id. 
\i*J; Ilijl (R. gi), an ant. thang-hia, ants and other 

jjl? creeping things. ang-hia, red ants, kau-hia, the 
\ common small ant. kau-h.ia-ph.ang, a small but 
venomous wasp, kau-hia pai thi"-toe, ants wor- 
shipping Heaven and earth; a man of low condition, as 
quite unworthy to see a man of very high rank, ng- 
sng-hia, gau-phT'-che, good at finding what is for 
one's own interest (v. phi"). peh-hia, white ants. 
chhiu" peh-hia, to breed white ants. peh-hia- 
ther, the covered ways made by white ants, tioh-hia, 
to have white ants in it. toa-tsui-hia, winged ants 
that appear in or before wet weather, hong-hia, id. 
lam-hong-hia, id. kan-hia (C), white ants breed- 
ing in roof without communication with the ground. 

lliil n (R. heng). hia"-hia", very strong-smelling, 
as new paint, or as a very strong-smelling flower. 
phi"--liau hia n -hia n , it smells very strong. hia n - 
loah, strong-scented and pungent; having much wealth 
or influence. mia"-ji hia"-loah, held in much re- 
putation, as a rich, influential, or famous man. chhau- 
hia"-lo (T.), having a smoked taste. 

lliil n (R. heng), an elder brother (used as a suffix to 
| names of men); a cousin, or man of the same genealo- 

gical rank, older than we. toa-hia", eldest brother. 
ji-hia", second eldest brother, chhin-hia", real elder 
brother by same father, tong-hia", elder cousin or 
man of same genealogical rank, of same surname. 
piau-hia", cousin of different surname, sia-hia", 
a fellow-villager (v. sia). hia n -so, elder brother's wife, 
hia" -be, elder brother and his younger sister (e.g. 
speaking of only these two remaining of the family). 

thau-hia", head of a gang of thieves, sai-hia", 
an elder apprentice or elder Tauist priest, said by the 
younger. chhoang - hia", a dandy fast licentious 
young fellow, khe-hia", paramour of a bad woman, 
khoe-hia", id. gi-hia n (esp. C), id. hia"-ko, id. 
hia"-thau, id. 

hia"-ti, brothers, in general; also said of cousins, 
esp. of same surname; members of the same society. 
peng-iu ti-hia", all you gentlemen and friends! bo- 
hia" bo-ti, having no brothers at all. chhin hia"- 
ti, brothers by the same father, phah-her, tioh 
chhin-hia"-ti, in hunting tigers brothers should be 
used as assistants, phah-he- liah-chhat, tioh 
chhin-hia n -ti, do., or in seizing robbers, siang- 
pak hia n -ti, brothers by the same parents, chek- 
peh hia n -ti, cousins (of same surname), or wider. 
chhin-tong hia"-ti, cousins of same surname; men 
of same surname and of equal genealogical rank, 
tong-hia"- ti, id. chiong-tong hia n -ti, second 
cousins of same surname, keh-kai" hia n -ti (T.), 
first or second cousins of same surname, piau-hia"- 
ti, cousins of different surnames. 

hoe-hia"-ti, members of a society. oa"-thiap 
hia"-ti, men who have exchanged cards to make sworn 
brotherhood. beng-hia"-ti, sworn brothers and con- 
federates, kiet-gi hia"-ti, id. kiet-pai hia"-ti, 
do. still more intimate, looking on each other's parents 

as their own. ho-hia"-ti, title of spirits worshipped 
in the "pher-t&" ceremonies in 7th month. 

toa-thau-hia" (C), sometimes said euphemistically 
for a tiger. 

lliil" (T. phia"). hau-hia"-phe, broken fragments 
of tiles. 

Ilia" (R. hong). kia"-hia", to fear greatly; much 

lliil", to add more fuel; to warm up. hia"-he, to 
put on more fuel. hia"-chha thi"-he, id. hia"- 
kiin, to cause to boil. hia"-sio, to warm up, but not 
so hot as "kun." koh hia"-sio, to warm up again, 
hia" sio-tsui, to warm water. 

lliil", a bulk-head in a boat or junk, tiam-hia", 
timbers that are placed across the keel, it-a-hia", 
the front bulk-head, thau-hia", id. lai-kia"-hia n , 
id. thau-kap-a-hia", the second bulk-head, toa- 
ter-hia", the bulk-head at the widest part, a-pan- 
hia", the middle bulk-head, be-hia", the flat stern 
of the boat. 

lliil ' (cf. hiah"). hia n -bak, to catch the eyes, as 
gaudy goods. hia"-tiu", flurried, losing presence of 
mind, as at examinations, or before a superior, or when 
meeting with several persons for business. 

hia"-hia" (Cn.), too hurried and off-hand in doing 

lllit" [R. hidng, to lean towards; formerly; = col. 
ng, hiii"], to lean over; to lean, as a tottering wall. 
hia"-hia n , leaning to one side; off the perpendicular 
(of men or things), hia"- sin, leaning backwards. 
khah-hia", id. hia n -au, leaning backwards; to fall 
behind the rest of the row, as one house in a street; said 
also of woman's hair all combed back. hia"-cheng, 
leaning forwards, as wall. hia"-khui, to lean back- 
wards to avoid something, as child unwilling to be em- 
braced; to draw back from what one has promised. 

tsiii hia", the tide just beginning to ebb. hia"- 
lau. id. 

hia"-si, at that time (past); formerly. 

hia" (R. ngiii"), a plant (Artemisia) used for cauter- 
izing and for tinder. chhi"-hia", id. hia"-ho (C.) r 
id. chhah-hia", to hang up Artemisia on 5 . 5 (v. 

he-hia", tinder. he-hia"-khoeh, a tinder-box. 

Ilia" (C.) na n -hia n , = A. kia n , the bent handle of 
a basket. 

llEil ll (Cn. hoah), so—; just so — . hiah-tfig, so long 
(linear), hiah-tsoe, so many, kau-hiah-tsoe, so 
very many ! kah-hiah-tsoe, id. m-sai hiah- 
tsoe, no need of so many, hiah-ku, so long (in 
time), (v. ku). 

lliall (R. gek), the forehead, thau-hiah, id. 
hiah-cheng, id. hiah-hun, wrinkles on forehead. 
hiah-kak, the projecting parts of the forehead above 
the outer corners of the eyes, hiah-bai, the part of 
the forehead just above the eyebrows; an ornament worn 
on the forehead by women, children, and actors, pak 
hiah-bai, to wear the ornament called "e'-kun-klio'' 
on the forehead, pau hiah-bai, to tie a black ribbon 
(er-kun) on the brow, as women. hiah - kha, the 
middle of the forehead just below the boundary of the 
hair, hiah-kha tsoe, the dividing line of the hair 
nearly level across the brow, counted beautiful in women. 
hiah-kha kham-kham, the hair growing far down 
on the forehead, making it seem low and small, thau- 
hiah kham-kham, id., sign of a toilsome miserable 
life, thau-mfig kham-hiah, id. 





Ac a L 


' yO-^yy^Hi^ 

III. Ill 






f 1 ^ 


kkok - kiak, having a very projecting forehead, 
liu-kiah, bald on forehead and crown of head, hau- 
liiah. having a projecting forehead like a king-crab (v. 
heng, "breast"), tok-hiah, to wound the forehead 
with a stone (as beggar) to excite compassion, pkoa- 
hiah, id. kiah pe-put, ka-ki kong-kiak, to 
raise a matter that injures one's self. 

tsau-kiah, the flat top of a cooking-place round the 
rice-boiler (v. tsau). 

lllSI ll", to carry with the hands or arms, esp. with 
both (but not by placing them evenly below, which is 
"phang"). kiah n -sa n , to carry clothes; to go away 
with clothes. thau-hiah n , to steal, as clothes, chit 
toa-hiah n , a large quantity (as of clothes, &c. ), such 
as must be carried between the arms. 

hiah" [R. hek, to threaten, frightened], (cf. hia"), 
to start suddenly; to get a start. hiah n --chit-e, to 
start suddenly, tah-hiah n , to start, chhi n -kia n 
tah-hiah n , id. h<y--lang tah-hiah n , to make a man 

her-hiah n , careless; hurried; acting thoughtlessly or 
flurried, so as to spoil or break things, hong-hiah" 
<C), id. tang-hiah", id. bo-her-hiah", careful or 
thoughtful in action, her-he hiah"-hiah n , very care- 
less, thoughtless, or flurried. 

ll i«l ll" — chhiu hiah"-khui, to throw out one's 
arms rapidly, as in excited discourse. 

lliall", = hiah", to start suddenly. 

Ilijllv (C), = A. hiok. hi-hiak, to sport or joke 
in a low vile way. 

lliillll — chhau-hiam-hiam, very stinking. 

lliillll (Cn. An.), =A. iam. ho-hiam, = h6-iam, 
a fire-shovel. 

lliillll (R. id.), to find fault with; to censure; to 
blame; to scold. sa n -hiam, to dislike each other, 
hoan-hiam, to excite suspicion; to be found fault 
with; to meet with censure, hiap-hiam, to harbour 
quarrelsome feeling, hiam-kui, to object to it as too 
dear, hiam-soe, to find fault with it as too small, 
bo-hiam tioh-boa, willing to take any trouble to get 
it done, hiam-hi boh-chhia", chhia n -hi boh- 
hiam, if you dislike the play, don't hire them; if you 
hire them, don't find fault. 

lliillll (R. id.), dangerous; in danger of; almost (of 
harm or danger), hiam-hiam, id. hiam-phoa, in 
imminent danger of being broken, hong-hiam, dan- 
gerous; in great danger, as affair or disease, gui- 
kiam, dangerous, hiam, ckiah-si hiam, the danger 
was very great indeed, lang-hiam, to risk, lim- 
hiam, to get into great and imminent danger. 

hiam-iau, important, as a pass. hiam-ai, id. 
ku-kiam, to guard an important pass. 

kan-kiam, dishonest, roguish, hiau-hiam, id. ; 
ungrateful, returning evil for good; very dangerous, as 
affair, kan-hiau-hiam, very dishonest, ungrateful, 
and scheming, as a rogue, tsun-sim kan-hiau- 
kiam, constantly and desperately wicked. 

lliillll (R. ham), to shout loud; to bawl out. hoah- 
hiam, id. , as to a man at a distance, hiam-sia", id. 
hiam-kio, id. kio-kiam, id. hiam-to-tng, to 
shout and call back, hiani-oan, to make a loud shout- 
ing and noise in calling on a mandarin for redress. 

hiam-chhat, to shout, "Thief!" hiam-kivi, to 
shout for help, hiam-kiu-lang, id. hiam-kiu- 
ke- (Cn.), id. 

kiam chhiam-a, to gamble by drawing lots and 
calling out. 

Iliilll. hian, hian, hian, hian; better hien, hien, 
hi6n, hien, hien (q.v.) 

lliillll; [R. hiong, a village, = col. hiu"]. hiang- 
tam (Cn. hiong-tam), local dialect, li-hiang, put- 
li khiang, one may leave his native place, but can't 
get rid of his native dialect. 

Ilia II U (C), = A. hiong (village). 

lli<lllg [R. hiong, incense, fragrant], kiang-rfi, 
fragrant oil, edible, kiang (C. ), = A. hiong, incense, 

llicing (C.) khau-to-hiang, shavings planed 
from wood. 

lilting (R. hiong), to resound; to sound loud and 
long, or echo, kiang -Hang, clear and loud; far- 
sounding, hiang-keng, a small humming instrument 
on a paper kite, kiang-tsoa", a small gong used by 
Buddhist priests; a musical instrument made with five 
little bells like cups, phah chhit-hiang, to play on 
these five musical cups, jin, put-soat put-ti; k6, 
put-ta" put-kiang, said of a man not acknowledging 
a great favour done him. 

ll ill III*' — kiang-be, a highway-robber who levies 
black-mail, kiang-be-ckhat, id. 

Illit Bli> (C), = A. hi6ng, to enjoy. 

llljYllg (C), = A. hiong, towards, eke -kiang, 
direction of house or grave. 

lliillll; (C), = A. hi6ng, customs' dues. 

Ilia}), to refuse to return a thing lent or intrusted, 
or money due. kiap--lang, id. kiong-kiap, do., 
because we are more powerful, kiong-kiong-kiap, 

lliap (C), = A. hip, to cover up. 

hiap (P.), =hip. hiap-chioh, the loadstone. 

lliiip [R. the ribs; to intimidate], hiap-kut, the 
ribs, pek-kiap, to compel a man, under great pres- 
sure, to do something wrong, e.g. to join an illegal 

lliap [R. to carry under the arm; to hide in the 
bosom; to extort; cf. col. ngoeh]. 

kiap-cke, to force a man, by intimidation or by im- 
proper pressure of influence, to do what he does not like, 
kiong-kiong hiap— kki ( = hiap), to refuse to pay a 
debt, &c.,« manifestly due, simply trusting to one's 
power. i 

hiap-oan, to harbour enmity, hiap - bun, id. 
hiap-hiam, to cherish in one's mind the determination 
to have a quarrel with a man. 

lliiip [R. to bend or break], to shake or bend back 
and forwards in order to loosen or break, hiap-chih, 
to break by bending back and forwards, hiap-khui, 
to unfasten by shaking so. kiap--khi-lai, to loosen 
by shaking back and forwards so as to pull it out, as a 
nail or post, hiap ha-i-lff, id. , as a plant to be pulled 

lliap [R. united, harmonious], a colonel, or nearly 
so, one grade above "chham-hii," and just below "tin- 
tai." hiap-tai, id. heng-hoa-hiap, the "hiap" 
in command at Hing-hwa. hiap-toa, an officer who 
assists the officer (ts6ng-toa) in command of a body of 
troops, hiap-pan, an assistant mandarin for some 
special matter; assistant mandarin in custom-house or 
some other public offices, hiap-pan tai-hak-su, 
certain high officials at the court (v. hak). 

ko-hiap, of one mind and acting together (in lawful 
things), hiap-ho (R.), id. tang-sim hiap-lek, 
with one heart and united strength. 










bo-kiap, not executed melodiously, or not har- 
monious, as music. 

Ilistt , kiat; better, hiet, hiet (q.v.) 

ll i SI 11 — kiau— to, to over-set by first slightly 
raising up (while "chhia" is a mere horizontal motion). 
kiau-kiet-kak, to throw away, as out of a tray by 
tossing it upwards. 

Iliilll (R. id.) kiau-keng, got by chance or by 
bad means (v. heng). 

Iliilll [It. a very wicked bird], kiau-kiong, cun- 
ning, roguish, and wicked. 

Iliilll [It. id. ? perhaps more than one word; cf. also 
the two words above], wicked, perverse, crafty; deceitful, 
unfaithful; refuse to perform duty, as to pay a debt or 
fulfil a promise ; (warped, as wood). 

kiau-kiok, warped, as wood, hiau-than, very 
much warped, as wood (more than "hiau-hioh"); faith- 
less and deceitful ; disappointing our trust, kkak- 
kiau tkan-kkak, as little to be trusted as the shell 
of the "than" shell-fish, which cuts the hand that holds 
it. kiau — kki, to swindle away, as money, kiau- 
koan, to break and disregard a promise or agreement, 
koan-kiau. id. kiau-poe, to break an agreement; 
to act very deceitfully (v. poe). kiau-cke, to refuse to 
pay just debts, kiau lang-e-cke. id. kiau-tkun, 
to swallow another's money or property wrongfully, 
kiau-ku, to refuse to pay what is due; to keep back 
what belongs to another, kiau-ku lang-e-un, very 
ungrateful, kiau-sim, faithless and ungrateful in 
money matters, kiau-kiam, very ungrateful and in- 
jurious (v. hiam). 

kong-kiau, dangerous or unlucky, as the state of 

Iliilll, lewd, lascivious (only said of vile women). 
kiau-kkang, id. kiau-siau, id. kiau-lin-long, 
exceedingly lascivious (woman), lau-kiau, an old and 
lewd woman. 

Iliilll (R. id.) kiau— tit, to understand, kiau- 
ng§" (R.), id. u-kun-kiau, understanding well one's 
duty or business, kiau-li, understanding the prin- 
ciples of a question, or the way of managing a matter, 
kiau-li e-lang, a man who understands matters well. 

Il iilll — kiau-liau-kki, to sell off at a great 
sacrifice, siok-siok-kiau, id. sa n -tau-kiau, un- 
derselling each other at ruinously low prices. 

Iliilll (C.) kiau-kkak, = A. hiauh-khak, to peel 
off, as paint or white-wash. 

Ilia till ( = hauh), (C. hiau), to scale or peel off, as 
skin or paint, or white-wash. kiauk--kki, id. kiauk- 
kkak, id. 

Iliilllll (R. hiok), to jibe or jest at misfortunes or 
peculiarities, esp. indirectly by iuuendoes (often in low 
vile language), ki - kiauk, low bad joking, as by 
women or children. 

hill (cf. hit), kid— e, that (pronoun), kid-de, 
id., = hit-e\ 

ll icil (R. id. ) tsu-kien (R.), a school, an academy. 
ko-kien (R.), your school. 

llicn (R. id.), to open, as a book, lid, or door-screen; 
to draw aside, as a veil, kien-kkui, to open, as a book 
or lid. kien— kki-lai, to open, as a lid. kien-koa, 
to take off a lid. 

tkau-kien, to make a new roof. 

kien er-kun, to raise the veil of the bride, as the 
bridegroom does at marriage, kien ckkiu-pkfc (C), 

llll'Il [R. wise, =col. gau]. kien-jin, a wise man, 
or sage of inferior class, seng-kien, sages and wise 
men. keng-16 tsun-kien, reverence the aged, and 
honour the wise, kiong-kien-su, temple for the most 
distinguished literati of a district, at the side of the 
Confucian temple, jip-kiong-kien, to be canonized 
among these worthies by imperial command. 

kien-koe, gentle and affable in receiving guests, 
said only of a woman, kien-ckke, my good wife; my 
dear wife. 

llidl [R. a bow-string], keng-kien, a bow-string. 

llicn [R. string for a musical instrument], a string 
for a guitar, &c. ; a sort of guitar, ckit-tiau-kien, 
one string, ckit-ki-kien, one guitar, kien-koan, 
stringed and wind instruments (v. koan). ko-kien, to 
tune the guitar, ji-kien, a guitar with two strings, 
ji-kien-keng, a bow- for it. ji-kien-lak, a drill 
worked by a bow. sam-kien, a guitar with three 
strings, toa." sam-kien, to play it. pak-kien, a 
northern guitar, sometimes has copper wire instead of 
strings, kong-a-kien, a guitar with few strings and 
a small bamboo cylinder, kiak kong-a-kien, to 
try to get money out of a man (said in allusion to the 
word "oai n ," which means either to play on a guitar, or 
to get money out of people). kien-soa n , a guitar 
string, kkim-kien, strings of harp. 

siok-kien, a widower's second wife (lit. extra string 
for guitar !). 

llicn [R. to hang up, to suspend], kien— tek, 
laid to sleep, as a case on which all action is suspended. 
ckkia n -kien— tek, just let it alone for a time, sim- 
koa n kien — tek, purpose quite unsettled; halting 
between two opinions. 

llicn [R. dark-coloured; the private name of Kang- 
hi], (C. ban, in some cases), kien-tkien siong-te, 
the god of the north star. kien-toa"-kong, the idol 
called also "Tio goan-s6e." kien-bu, one of the four 
spirits (Tauist) of the four quarters; the four are "pek- 
he\ chheng-li6ng, tsu-chhiok, hien-bu." 

kien-som, =goan-som, an inferior sort of ginseng. 

llicil (R. id.) si n koai n -kien, to have a large 
venereal sore about the middle of the groin, below the 
navel. si n noa n -kien, id. 

lli^n (C), = hit. kien— g, that, these. 

llicil [R. him, to shake], to shake backwards and 
forwards (neuter), as a man; to roll, as a vessel (but to 
pitch is "thlm"). lo-ler-kien, to shake, as a table 
or as a drunk man. kkong-kkong-kien, to shake 
about, as an unsteady chair or restless child; very rest- 
less, kong-kong-kien, id. 6e-kien, apt to shake 
about, as table, &c. ; in danger of shaking about (s. 

lli^'n [R. to manifest, illustrious], kien-ckkut, 
to manifest, kien-beng, id.; famous, kien-jien, 
openly; publicly. 

kien-tat, to become a mandarin or very illustrious 
(v. tat), kien-iau (R.), glorious (v. iau). kien-iong 
(r. ), fine or grand in appearance, as house, eng-kien 
(R.), illustrious (v. 6ng). kien-pi, deceased mother. 
kien-kko, deceased father. 

kien-kek, powerful and glorious, as a god. leng- 
kien, able to answer prayers, kien-seng. to appear 
in a visible form in answer to prayers for assistance. 6e- 
kien, powerful and efficacious, as an idol (s. shake). 
ang kien, te-tsu lok-lien (C), when the idol is 
powerful its votaries grow poor, ang kien, te-tsu 
liau-ckkien, do. do. spend their money. 









llB< I 





nger-kien-te, an idol of the surname Id", with three 
eyes, ng&-kien-tai-te, id. nger-kien-bio, his 

Il it'll — ckkau-kien, heavy unpleasant smell, as 
of fish, ka-tsoak-kien, bad smell of cockroaches. 
ckkau-ka-tsoak-kien, id. iu"-ko-kien, strong 
bad smell of new sheep-skin. ckkau-iu n -ko-kien, 
id. ckkau-iu"-bak-kien, smelling strong of goat 
mutton, as butcher, or as man who has been eating it. 

ak-kien, small feathers at a duck's tail, used for 
ear-brushes; two small bad-smelling balls near the duck's 
tail, nrig-liap-kien, these two balls. 

lilCIl (R. id), to offer; to make an offering, kien- 
cke, to make a sacrificial or ceremonial offering to a 
god or spirit, cke-kien, id. kien-tsoa, to offer 
burning paper, as at grave or to demons, kien-keng, 
to make offerings of many things (all together) at noon 
in the rites called "chi6." 

kien-ckkut, to produce openly, as man or thing. 
kien jin-ckeng, to do a favour, kien-ckeng, id. 
kien-kong, to put, as gains, into the common stock. 
kien-lok-kong, id. kien sio-koak, to bring in 
slices of roast pig, the last dish of a feast. 

kien-sia n , to surrender a city, kien-kkang-sia" 
(to leave the city open to the enemy), said of leaving 
one's house open and unguarded. 

Il it'll, to open out, as clothes on breast; opening out 
wide, as the mouth of a trumpet; shallow, as a saucer; 
bevelled, as a door or window; (boastful, liberal). 

ckkui kien-kien, mouth opened very wide, kkak- 
kien, rather shallow and open, as a cup (opp. to "chhim- 
e\" deep), &c. kien-keng, to open the clothes so as 
to show the breast, or the inner dress, kien-kak, to 
show the side of the breast near the shoulder (skin or 
inner dress) by unbuttoning part of dress, kien-kkui, 
to open out, as the dress, kien-kkui-kkui, dress 
opened quite wide. 

kien-ckkiu, liberal; open-handed; very free in the 
use of money, toa-kien, id. toa-kien e-6e, boast- 
ful talk; big words, kien-tau, boastful, in manner 
or in exaggerated or false talk (v. tau). kien-tkau, 
id. gau-kien, id. 

kien tsoe kui-na-kien, to cut up into several 
pieces, as meat for sale; to make a great display out of 
little; to boast of power or excellence far beyond the 
truth. sa n -niu n -bak tsoe si-kien (cut three ounces 
of pork into four pieces), to make a great display or pre- 
tence with very little foundation. 

au-kien (Cn.t. the back half of the large central ball 
of a house, when it is divided by a transverse partition, 
au-kien-pin (Cn.), that partition. 

Il It'll (R. id.) kien-si, high civil mandarins, as 
Tautai and above, kien-kio, a large broad sedan 
without sides, having a lion for footstool, used by 
high mandarins at the spring festival, and on going 
to war. 

Ilit'll [R. ban, a limit], (C. an), iu-kien, few; 
small in quantity. 

h it'll [R. id. by change of tone from "kien," to see], 
to appear; plain; manifest: (now, present), koat-kien, 
to appear; to become manifest, ckkut-kien, id. 1&- 
kien, id. tu-kien, to manifest. 

kkoa"-hien-kien, to see a thing very plainly. 
tkia"-b6-kien, not to hear plainly, as what is spoken 
too low or indistinctly, ckkien-kien, plain and easy, 
as a word, a purpose, or a doctrine; open and exposed, 
as a house on the road or main street. 

kien-kong, talk of it at once, kien-kim. now: 
at present, kien-si, id. ckhu-kien-si, id. kien- 
ckkeng (C. ), id. kien-ckia", id. kien-tsai, now; 
present, ckku-kien-tsai, now. ckit-tiap kien- 
tsai, id. ckku-kien-pe - (C), id. 

kien-gun, ready money, kien-cki", id. kien- 
kau - koan, ready - money transaction, kien - boe 
kien-boe, id. ckit-ckkeng sia, m-tak poek- 
pak-kien, a thousand (cash) for credit are not so good 
as eight hundred ready money. 

Il it'll — kien-si, descendants of prosperous ances- 
tors become very poor, robbers, or wretched and miser- 
able. kia n -sun kien-si, id. kia n -sun tek kien- 
si, id. kien-si — tiok tser-kong, to bring disgrace 
on our ancestors in this way. 

llict (cf. hi n ), to throw, kiet-kak, to throw away, 
pang-kiet-kak, id. kiet-tiu (T. ), id. kiet— 
lok-kkl, to throw down. kiet-liet--kki, to throw 
away; to leave off, as an affair, kiet kkut-la, game 
of throwing cash into a small hole. 

kng-kng kiet-kiet (Cn. ), all in disorder, as a 
house in a litter. 

iliet — koe-kiet, gaudy ; showy ; beautifully 
painted and ornamented, as house; beautifully laid out 
for sale, as showy goods; too specious and plausible, as 
words that sound well but mean little; when said of 
women it is too gaudily ornamented, as if for bad pur- 

sok-kiet (Cn.), = A. sok-kiet, neat and tidy. 

Iliet [R. blood, = col. huih]. kiet-liu, a bloody 
tumour, kiet-li, bloody dysentery, kiet-lim, bloody 
urine, kiet-pkeng, flow of blood from female organs, 
kiet-peng (C), id. 

kiet-ckiong, palm of the hand red (counted a good 

kiet-kiet, dragon's blood. 

ka-kiet, to have bloody dysentery, liang-kiet, 
cooling for the blood, as food or medicine, keng- 
kiet, making the blood more abundant, healthy, and 
active, as medicine, pko-kiet, to diminish the blood 
injuriously, as some condiments are supposed to do. 
ckkit-kkong liu-kiet, blood flowing from mouth 
and nose, as in severe fever or from poison. 

kiet-kki,the vital principle of flesh and blood; animal 
spirits, kiet-kki put-keng, vital principle not act- 
ing well, as in some diseases, kiet-kki geng — tek, 
blood supposed to be arrested in its action, as in tum- 
ours, &c. kiet geng--tek, id. kiet-kki ckiok, 
in good vigorous health; having a full-blooded constitu- 
tion, kiet-kki un-tong, the vital principle moving 
about to the several organs in the successive hours of 
day and night, supposed to make one complete revolu- 
tion in twenty-four hours, has no connection with the 
real circulation of the blood (v. tong). 

ckkin kiet-bek, one's own real son, not adopted 
(v. bek). ckeng-kiet ckkiong-ckiok, in strong 
vigorous health, as a man in the full vigour of his whole 
bodily powers, lam ckeng, lii kiet, generative prin- 
ciples of male and female, ku ckeng, be" kiet, do. 
of father and mother. 

lliCt [R. a cave], classifier of graves, tsau-kiet, 
a den of wild beasts or bad men. kiet-toe, location 
for a grave, ckit-kiet kong-sui, one site for a 
grave; one grave, tang-kiet, buried in the same 
grave, siang-kiet, id. tiam-kiet, to lay down the 
exact place and position of a grave after the site itself 
has been chosen, tiam kiet-tiu", id. 







4 C 





llill — hih - hih - chhio, to giggle. hih-hih 
hu-hu, sound of wind or of a mill, &c. (v. hu). 

hill (Cn.) hih-ge, = hit-e, that. 

hih" — hih"-hih"-thi, to sob and cry. hih n - 
hih' 1 -hau, to cry, as a child or as a man with a heavy 

11 i 111, to talk in an overbearing or threatening man- 
ner, him-hoah, to bawl angrily; to scold a man so 
as to silence him. toa-sia n -him, id. toa-him, id. 
toa-him sai gai-chi", to talk loud and pass bad 

llilll [R. to like, to be pleased], him-be\ to long 
for; to desire much, him-soan, id.; to delight in. 
him-sien, id. 

llilll (R. hiong), a bear; a baboon; a surname, 
lang-him, a baboon. soa"-him, a bear, him-ta", 
bear's gall (medicinal), him-chiu", a bear's paw, 
counted very strengthening food, hoah-him hoah-, calling out in great terror at sudden danger. 

that-him, a game in which one boy keeps seven bits 
of brick, trying to kick the other boy who must snatch 
them all away, him-chi, these bits of brick, represent- 
ing bears' cubs. 

llilll — him-he, to smother embers in a jar, for 
future use. 

llilll ( = ham), chhui hlm-hlm, mouth shut; un- 
willing to speak; sullenly silent. 

Illll ( = hit), hin-peng, = hit-pfing, that side. 

llill (C), = A. heng, to prosper. khoai-hin 
khoai-the, rapidly prospering and rapidly declining. 

Lin [R. sin, the body], hin-su (C), the body, 
hin-sin (C), id. 

Illll (R. hiSn), giddy; dizzy; sick with giddy feeling. 
hin-tsun, sea-sick, hin-kio, sickened by using a 
sedan. hin-soa", made sick by coming on shore. 
bin -gong, giddy; dizzy. hin- gong -gong, id. 
e-am-hin, blind with giddiness, thau-khak-hin, 
head giddy or swimming. hin-bong-bong, head 
swimming and things seeming to turn round, bong- 
bong-hin, id. khi-thau-hin, to cure giddiness. 

Illll (R. hi6n). iu n -hin, epilepsy. 

Illll [R. hi6ng, male], hin-hong, a drug used as 
a medicine and charm; realgar (v. h6ng). 

Illll (C), = A. heng, to desire, kau-hin, id. 

hin (C), = A. hun, to hate. 

llid (Cn.), = A. he-, a marquis; a feudal lord. 

IliO (Cn.), = A. he-, frivolous; floating. 

Ili6 (C. ), a cry for driving away birds. 

IliO (K.), = A. h&, rain. 

hlO (Cn.), = A. h&, to wait. 

IliO (Cn.), = A. he, after, jien-hio, afterwards, 
jit-hio, id. 

Ill© (Cn. ), =A. he-, queen. 

IliO (Cn.), = A. he, thick, grave, serious, &c. 

IliO" (P.), in all the tones, = A. hiu n ; and so in 
many parts of Changchow. 

hioh [R. hiet, R. sek], (C. h e h n ), to rest, hioh- 
kang, to rest from work, hioh-khun, to rest from work 
or walking; to lie down, hioh-sien, to rest because 
tired, hioh-chhoan, to rest to take breath, hioh- 
he\ to take shelter from rain. hioh-rig, to take 
shelter from heat in the shade, hioh-ki, to perch on 
a branch, as a bird, hioh-koai", to roost, as in a 
cage, hioh-tiam, to lodge a night, as in an inn. 

tau-hioh, to stay a night at a place, an-hioh-jit 
(X.), the Sabbath-day. 

Ilioll (R. iap), a leaf (not of a book); the paper of a 
fan; the blade of an oar. chhiu-hioh, the leaves of 
trees; foliage. ke-hioh, leaves used for wrapping 
cakes when steamed, phang-a-hioh, bamboo leaves 
used in making sails. 

hiau-hioh, to be warped, as wood. 

kim-hioh, a thin plate of gold used for inlaying; 
used also as a portable sort of treasure, hi-hioh, the 
flap of the ear. mng-hioh, the leaf of a door, chiu"- 
hioh, an oar-blade, toa-hioh, the blade of the helm. 
si n -hioh, the paper of a fan ready to be pasted on the 
ribs of the fan. chit-ki-hioh, one paper for a fan. 

li-hioh, to strip off leaves, thui-hioh, to shed 
leaves and grow new ones. 

ki-hioh, branches and leaves. kau-ki-hioh, 
making a great many words about a matter; too minute 
about objections or conditions. kim-ki gek-hioh 
(branches and leaves of gold and jade), said of the chil- 
dren of mandarins or wealthy men, who do not need to 
do hard work. si n -ki hoat-hioh, the foundation of 
the story true, but false in its details, kong kau ti- 
ki u-hioh, to describe details so minutely that a lie 
looks just like truth, tso kau u-ki u-hioh, id. 
si n kau &c, id. chiap kau u-ki u-hioh, one 
man adding a tissue of lies to the statement (true or 
false) of another so as to make it appear all true. 

Ilidll (R. hiau). ba-hioh, the kite, boah- 
hioh, id. lai-hioh (C), id. nai"-hioh (T.), id. 
la-hioh (Cn.), id. 

lai-hioh-kha, waddling and awkward in walking; 
shaking from side to side, lai-hioh-chhi, the thistle. 
lai-hioh-chhi-thau, thistle roots (medicinal), lai- 
hioh-chhi-ku, a thorny shrub with a yellow flower. 
rh-koai n koe-bu, phah lai-hioh, said of a man not 
restraining his own dependants, but finding fault with 
others for trouble. 

hiok (R. id.), (C. hiak). hi-hiok, to make vile 
low jokes, hi-hiok e-6e, jibes or calumnies evidently 
false and ridiculous. 

hioilg (R. id. ), ill-omened; inauspicious; unlucky. 
kiet-hiong, lucky and unlucky, hiong-ham, very 
great and severe, as calamity, hiong-sin ok-soah, 
malicious demons, hiong-hok (R.), mourning dress. 

llioilg (R. id.), wicked; vicious, hiong-ok, do.; 
cruel, hiong-sin, a murderer who commits the act 
with his own hands (s. village), hiong-sin-phe, not 
afraid to risk one's life in some dangerous attempt. 
hiong-siu, a murderer, hiong-hoan, id. heng- 
hiong, to fight or strike or assault very violently, so 
as to wound or murder, &c. ka"-heng-hiong, very 
violent; ready for fighting or murder, kiong-hiong 
kek - ok, very powerful, wicked, and dangerous. 
pheng-hiong, appearance as if about to fight, kap- 
goa pheng-hiong, he appears as if he would fight 
me (when I would get him to pay what he is due). 

llioilg (cf. hiong). hiong-kui-kui, extremely 
ugly in face, hiong-pa li-lau, very ugly (v. lau). 

Iliong, hasty, hurried, hiong-hiong, id. hiong- 
chiong, hurried and careless (v. chiong). hiong- 
kong, too hasty and urgent in manner; so impulsive 
as to be almost violent. 

Iliong (P. heng). song-hiong, very poor. 

lliOIlg [R. fragrant, incense, =col. hiu n ], (C. hiang). 
hiong-kang, Hongkong, chhit-li-hiong (fragrant 
at seven li distant), a shrub with sweet white flowers 













and small fruit. li-kun-hiong, = th&-hiu n , a small 
aromatic plant, hiong-hu, a medicine made from the 
root of the th&-hiu n (Cyperus?). hiii-hiong-hu, this 
medicine from Hui-an. siong-hiong (Cn.), = si6ng- 
ka, resin, ut-kim-hiong-chiu, a fragrant wine (v. 

hoa-hiong-te, tea flavoured with flowers to conceal 
its inferior quality (orange pekoe?), hoa-hiong, id. 
hiong-hoa teng-ker, incense, flowers, lamps, and 
drums, as in idolatrous procession, or sometimes in 
honour of a virtuous retiring mandarin, hiong-hoa 
teng-chiok, incense, flowers, lamps, and candles, used 
in honour of idols. 

lliOIlg [R. a village, = col. hiu n ], (C. hiang). 
hiong-sin, graduates and gentry (s. wicked), hiong- 
chhin, fellow-villager (a courteous salutation), hiong- 
iong, village braves, hiong-si, the examination for 
the Kujin degree, hiong-hien-su, temple for the 
canonized literati of a district (v. hien). su-hiong 
(r.), to long for home, bong-hiong-tai, a place in 
Hades from which the dead can see their house and family. 

bien-hiong, of the same village; villages combin- 
ing, e.g. to oppose a powerful opponent in a clan feud, 
or against rebels, &c. lien-hiong, id. lien-hiong- 
kiet, an agreement made with the mandarins, in which 
several villages stand security for each other's good 

hiong-tam (Cn.), = A. hiang-tam, local dialect. 

llioilg [R. the breast, =col. heng]. u-sim-hiong, 
prudent and shrewd; having good common sense and 
tact; e.g. ready with an answer for anything, or well 
able to adapt action to the circumstances, or to guard 
against danger, toa - sim - hiong, desirous to get 
large gains; having one's mind set on much money, as 
merchant who runs great risks in the hope of large 
profits, or as a thief who steals valuable things but 
despises articles of small value. 

llioilg [R. a bear, = col. him], a surname. 

hiong [R. male, brave, = col. heng, hin]. hiong- 
hiong, very violent or urgent in manner; ugly, large, 
and coarse -looking, as face, hiong-hiong-thoeh, 
to take away what the other is unwilling to give, 
hiong-hiong-tsau, to run on, as in urgent haste. 

eng-hiong, a hero. kan-hiong, cunning and 
roguish, hiau-hiong, very roguish, deceitful, and 

chhu-hiong (R.), male and female, esp. of birds, 
chhi-hiong (C. ), id. kien-chhu-hiong, to try 
which is stronger, as in a feud, chhu-hiong-kiam, 
two knives making a pair, chhu-hiong-gan, eyes 
of unequal size, said somewhat in joke. 

hiong -kai-kai, very fierce-looking; large and 
coarse-looking, as man. hiong-kui-kui, as ugly as 
a demon (of face). 

lliOIlg [R. loud-sounding, = col. hiang, hiu"]. u- 
eng-hiong, having some foundation in truth, as a 

hiOllg' (Cn.),=hit. hiong-ge, = hit-6, that, those. 

hiOIlg' (C. hiang), to enjoy. hiong -siu, id. 
hiong-hok, to enjoy good fortune, hiong-che, to 
accept sacrificial offerings, phoe-hiong, to share in 
receiving offerings or worship, as secondary spirits con- 
joined with the chief object of worship in the ceremony. 

Ilioilg [R. id., = col. hiu°, ng], (C. hiang), towards; 
facing; formerly; a surname. 

hiong-lai, formerly; up to that time. 

tui-hiong, right opposite, as house or grave, &c. 

tso-hiong, direction, as of a grave, fixed by the geo- 
mancer. hun-kim tso-hiong, id. 

i-hiong — i, to have our mind towards a person. 

hiong-iong, in an airy healthy situation, hiong- 
tang, facing the east. hiong-cheng, facing for- 
wards, as in advancing, hiong-thien, looking towards 
the sky. bin hiong-thien, face towards the sky. 
hiong-thien-sai, figure of a lion looking up (said of 
a man with his face looking up). 

hiong-jit-kui, the sun-flower. 

Ilioilg (R. id.), (C. hiang), customs' dues; soldier's 
pay. khau-hiong, customs' dues, hiong-hang, 
money collected for customs, hiong-gtin, id., soldier's 
pay. hiong-koan, a custom-house, esp. a branch 
custom-house; the official in charge of it. hiong- 
koan toa-ia, an inspector at a branch custom-house, 
as for inspecting vessels entering the harbour. 

hidng-tien, a pawn-shop. 

nia"-hiong, to receive pay, as a soldier; to draw his 
pay; to draw the money for the army from the provincial 
treasury. nia n -hiong-be, to draw the balance of 
military pay. chhut-hiong, to pay soldier's pay. 
chien-hi6ng, superior class of soldiers with more pay. 
siu-hiong, inferior soldiers with less pay. nia" siu- 
hiong, to draw that pay. 

tang-hiong, subject to heavy duty, phah-hiong, 
to levy dues, to collect customs, thiu-hiong, id. 
teng-hiong (C. tin-hiang), id. ah-hiong, to con- 
vey government money to the superior city under escort. 
giam-hiong, to search (as a vessel) to see what is 
liable to duty, liah-hiong, to seize goods for duty. 
lap-hiong, to pay duties or customs, oan-hiong, 
id. po-hiong, to give in a statement of goods liable 
to duty (v. p6). tsau-hiong, to smuggle, lau- 
hiong, id. 

lli]> (R. id.), (cf. him), hang-hip, to frighten by 
scolding; to threaten or intimidate, kiong-kiong- 
hip, to intimidate or terrify into doing something. 

hip — to-hip, to turn round on an assailant and 
overcome him; to shut up an opponent in argument by 
a sharp retort or counter-charge, either true or false 
[word above 1 or below ?]. 

hip (R. id.), (C. hiap, hip), very close, with little 
or no air; to smother; to suffocate; to hatch by artificial 
heat, hip-au, a tea-cup with a cover, hip-te, to 
infuse tea in a covered cup. hip-siong, to take a 
photograph, hip ah-nhg, to hatch duck eggs by 
artificial heat. hip--si, to smother to death. 

hip [R. siap, to manage, to seize, =liap], (C. hiap). 
hip-chioh, the loadstone. 

hit [R. pi,=col. hf, hin, hiu n , &c], (Cn. hi6ng, C. 
hien), that, those, hit-e, that, that one. hit-de, id. 
hit-lang, that man. hit-pai. that time, that occa- 
sion, hit-ho, that sort, hit-ki, that one, of things 
classified under "ki" (and so with other classifiers). 
hit-ta, there, that place, hit-a, id. hit-la, id. 

hit (cf. hl n ), to oscillate; to shake about, as pendu- 
lum. le , -nih n -hit, to swing from side to side. 1&- 
ni"-hit, id. 

hill [R. to cease; to divorce], hiu-tsu, a written 
divorce, hiu-li (R.), to divorce, bo-si-hiu, without 
any stop, as a continual feud. pang--i kan-hiu, to 
let him off without punishment. 

hill [R. deep and dark, elegant], chheng-hiu, 
neat and comfortable, pleasant and retired, as a house. 

hill (R. kiu), a warm coat or jacket. mi"-hiu, a 
warm dress quilted or wadded with cotton, kiap-hiu, 









a warm dress lined but not wadded, koeh.-h.ivi, id. 
koh-hiu (Cn. ), id. chit-ko-hifi, warm dress lined 
with sort of flannel or woven wool. iu"-ko-hiu, one 
lined with sheep-skin, phe-a-hiu, one lined with fur. 
phoa-hiu-kong, a very old wadded coat (e.g. twenty 
years old or so), said in joke. chiah - pe - prig, 
chheng bu-hiu, fed and clothed by one's parents. 

lllll (R. id.) hiu-noa", rotten, noa" hiu-hiu, 
very soft or rotten, hiu-bok put-kho-tiau, rotten 
wood cannot be carved (said of a fellow of whom nothing 
can be made). 

Ilill — hiu-hiu-hau, to whizz. 

llill (cf. hi n ). hiu-chhien-chhiu, to swing a 

Ilill, to sprinkle, hiu-tsui, to sprinkle water. 
hiu-phang, to throw water on a sail in order to keep 
it from being injured by the heat. 

Ilill [R. bad smelling, stinking, = col. chhau]. ui- 
hiu ban-lien, to leave a name of bad reputation for a 
myriad years. 

hill" — hiu"-hiu", weak and sickly, as a child. 

hill" (R. hiong), a village. hiu n -li, id. hiu"- 
sia, id. hiu"-ehhng, id. toa-hiu", a large village. 
pun-hiu", native village. siang-hiu"-li, of the same 
village. hiu"-kan, among the villages. hiu"-e, id. 
hiu n -tam (Cn.), = hiang-tam, local dialect, su-hiu" 
(Cn.), =su-hiong, home-sick. 

Ilill n (Cn.) peh-phi"-hiu", an animal like a 
small stag with a white nose. 

Ilill" (R. hiong), incense; perfume; (various drugs). 
chit-ki-hiu", an incense-stick, sai sa"-ki-hiu n , to 
sail within the time that three incense-sticks burn, 
nhg-tiau-hiu" (two incense - sticks), a fore-and-aft 
schooner, nng-ki-hiu", id. 

bang-hiu", a composition burned to keep off mos- 
quitoes. pha"-chhek-hiu", a drug used for flavour- 
ing liquor, &c. ut-kim-hiu", a sort of drug (v. ut). 
sia-hiu", musk, ju-hiu", frankincense. tim-hiu n , 
aloes (v. tfm). toa"-hiu", sandal-wood. thia"-hiu"- 
sek, light grayish-purple. phi"-hiu n , snuff, teng- 
hiu n , cloves, tsiii-teng-hiu", a marsh plant, with 
bright blue flowers and arrow-shaped leaves, used for 
snake-bites. teng-hiu n -a, a small red bird, an- 
sek-hiu", gum benzoin. 16-liam-hiu", a sort of ad- 
hesive gum. bak-hiu 11 , putchuk (v. bak "wood"). 
peh - gin - hiu n (C. ), an evergreen-tree with large 
bundles of scarlet berries. peh-jin-hiu" (C), id. 
poeh-kak-hiu n , anise seed. soa"-hiu n (C), a wild 
medicinal plant. th&-hiu", a weed used for medicine 
(Cyperus esculentus?), =hiong-hu. te-hiu" (Cn.), id. 
sui-hiu", a beautiful flower (v. sui). chhi-thau- 
hiu 11 , a medicinal root. 

cheng-hiu", powdered incense (used for ceremonial 
cleansing), kang-chin-hiu", incense used to bring 
down "thi n -kong" in worship (Laka?). pha"-sok- 
hiu n , a fine sort of incense. soa"-hiu n , a long incense- 
stick with no bamboo in it. tek-a-hiu", a long slip 
of bamboo covered with incense. bih-hiu n , id. tiong- 
siu-hiu", long incense-sticks for birth-days. 

hiu"-chhau, fragrant plants (used for scenting hair- 
oil), hiu" -chha, sandal- wood. hiu"-ker, sort of 
mushroom. hiu n -i n , the citron. hiu"-sim (Cn. ), 
sort of tree. 

hiu"-thau, bits of incense. hiu"-he, incense-bag 
worn as amulet. hiu"-he, incense-bags (like shrimps) 
hung on idols. hiu n -pau, bags of incense worn only 
for the smell. hiu"-te, id. (esp. in 7th month), hiu"- 

6e, do., shaped like shoes. hiu n -thiap, do., worn on 
women's hair-pins. hiu n -seh (C), do. in women's 
hair. hiu n -tsu, perfumed beads. hiu"-oan, per- 
fume-balls. hiu"-khoan, long spiral roll of incense 
(lasting sometimes several weeks) burned in temple. 
hiu n -thah, id. hiu"-pai, tablet made of several in- 
cense-sticks for marriage and other ceremonies, hiu"- 
sok, paper bundles of incense-sticks (v. sok). hiu"- 
soa"-lok, long paper bag for holding a number of 
incense-sticks. hiu"-na", basket with burning incense. 
hiu"-ta", two small frames carried at the ends of a 
pole with incense burning in one; also, a load of incense 
carried for sale by a pedlar. hiu"-oa", an incense-table 
(v. oa"). hiu n -l§', a standing censer; a vessel full of 
incense-ashes in which burning incense-sticks are stuck. 
hiu"-ti, sticks for arranging the incense on the censer. 
hiu n -si, spoon for pressing down the incense-ashes. 
hiu" - hu, incense-ashes, hiu" - ien, incense-smoke. 
hm"-ien put-toan, incense always burning without 
ceasing, as in temple. hiu"-tin, a procession carrying 
incense, chit-tin -hiu", id. hiu"-tiau, yellow bills 
announcing incense processions; long sticks of incense. 
hiu"-pia", cheap hollow sweet cakes. 

sio-hiu", to burn incense, sio ho-hiu", chiah 
ho-chhai, to be wealthy and get everything of the 
best, chhah-hiu", to stick incense-sticks in the ashes, 
ngia-hiu", to carry idols and incense in procession. 
koah-hiu", id. sui-hiu", to follow such a procession, 
heng-hiu", to go in procession to the temples to wor- 
ship, as mandarins do on taking office, and on 1st and 
15th of each month, heng-hiu" hong-ko, to go to 
worship in procession and give notice that the office is 
open for accusations, as newly-arrived mandarin, chin- 
hiu", to bring an incense-stick to the worshipper that 
he may use it in worship; to bring incense from a greater 
temple to a less, liam-hiu", to worship by offering an 
incense-stick (v. liam). thia n -hiu", to listen for the 
first word heard after offering incense, as an omen (v. 
thia"). tsoe-hiu", to make incense-sticks. 

han-tsu chhau-hiu", potatoes having faults and 
holes in them. 

pun-toe-hiu" boe-phang, incense made in the 
neighbourhood is not sweet-scented; foreign things are 
most valued. 

Ilil'l" [R. hi6ng, loud-sounding, = col. hiang]. hong 
pu-pu-hiu n , the wind howling loudly, khiang- 
khiang-hiu n , to sound loud, as a brass thing when 

hiu", said in Ti6-thoa for "ban," to make a 

lliU n ( = hit). hiu"-peng, on that side, an-hiu"- 
si (T. C), in that way; thus, an-hiu" (T.), id. an- 
hi" an-hiu" (C), of very unsettled purpose. 

hill" [R. hi6ng, towards, = col. ng, a"], hng-hiu", 
direction, as of a house or grave; quarter to which it 
looks, teng hng-hiu", to fix by compass the lucky 
direction for house or grave, tang-hiu", towards east. 
che hiu"-tang (T. old dialect), facing east, hun- 
kim che-hiu", geomantic direction of house or grave. 
tso-hiu" (R.), id. che-hiu" (T.), id. hiu"-siu" 
(T.), direction, as of house or grave, or of persons sitting 
at table. h6-hiu"-siu n (T.), good direction for it. 

Ill II ll — poh-hiuh-hiuh, very thin. 

llil'lh ( = khiuh). song-hiuh-hiuh, very poor. 

hill (R. mui"), (C. bun), hrh-lang, a go-between 
in making marriages, hrh-lang-kong, id. hm- 
lang-po, a woman who buys and sells female slaves, 













and makes irregular marriages by sale, hm-lang-le, 
fee of the go-between in marriages. 

hm-lang-soa", a thread with which cloth is very 
loosely sewed at first (taken out when the firm sewing is 

Jllll (R. bau, mau n ). hm-chhau, sort of grass 
used for thatch and for medicine, hm-a-chhau, id. 
hm-a-kun, its root. hfh-a-koa", this grass dried. 

Illll ( = m). tih-tuh-hih, a toy that makes a 
humming noise. 

Illll, exclamation of surprise. 

hill (C. ham), (cf. hmh), to strike hard with an in- 
strument or stone held in the hand; noise made to stop 
children's noisy play. hm--si, to strike dead, as with 
a club. 

Illll — hm-hm-hau, to buzz; to growl, as a tiger. 
hm-hrh-kio, to growl, as a tiger. 

II Hill ( = hm), to strike with some heavy thing held 
in the hand; a sound made to stop children's noise., a large beetle that comes flying against 
walls and people; said also of a useless dull awkward 

Illilll (cf. him), hrhh-hrhh, keeping one's mouth 
shut and saying nothing. 

Illlg [R. hong, a region; means, plans, or prescrip- 
tions], toe-hng, a region or tract of country, si- 
hng, in every direction, pak-hng, the north (&c.) 
hng-hiu n , direction, as of grave or house (v. hiu"). 
thien-tek-hng, an auspicious hill near the grave (v. 

hng-thau, a medical prescription, usually with direc- 
tions for use. ioh-hng, id. khui-ioh-hng, to write 
out a prescription, pi-hng, a secret medical prescrip- 
tion, chhun-hng, medicine for lascivious purposes. 

Illlg [R. hong, waste, desert, famine], (C. hng, hui n ). 
ki-hng, famine; dearth (C. id.) iau-hng, voracious; 
only said in scolding a child that is always eating, esp. 
cakes and sweetmeats. 

pha-hng (C. pha-hui n ), to lay waste, hng-hoe 
(C. hui n -hiii), desolate; laid waste, hng-hng hi"- 
hi n (C. hui"), all in disorder, as room or house, hng- 
hng hiet-hiet (Cn.), id. 

llllg (R. hong), chioh-hng, a stone memorial 
archway, chiet-hng, one in honour of a lady of great 
purity and excellence, chiet-hau-hng, one to a lady 
of purity and filial piety, khia-hng, to set up such 
an archway by imperial permission, hng-kha, at the 
foot of the memorial arch. 

Illlg [R. hun, dark, dusk, twilight], (C. hui"). e- 
hng (C. e-hui"), evening, bin-hng (T. Cn. ), id. 
tsa-hng, yesterday evening, ji-kau e-hng, the last 
night of the year (though really the 30th). 

Illlg — hng-hng-hau, sound of flies or mos- 
quitoes; sound of a child repeating songs, &c. hng- 
hng-kio, sound of mosquitoes, &c. 

Illlg, what 1 (said in answer to a question or instruc- 
tions not distinctly heard). 

Illlg (R, h6ng), (C. hui"). liu-hng, sulphur, jiu- 
hng. id. 

Illlg (R. oan), (C. hui"), a dry field; a field not much 
irrigated; a garden: an orchard, chhan-hfig, fields 
of all sorts, wet and dry; fields and gardens; cultivated 
land in general, hoe-hng, a flower-garden, ke-chi- 
hng, an orchard, kam-chia-hiig, a field of sugar- 
cane, beh-hng, a field of wheat or barley, soa- 
hiig, a plot of dry sandy ground. soa"-hfig, dry fields 

on hills, hng-pher, dry hilly fields (in general), as 
distinguished from irrigated fields. lok-hng (X.), 
paradise (lit. garden of pleasure). 

khui-hng, to make a garden or dry field, tsoh- 
hng, to cultivate a dry field or garden, kut-hhg, to 
dig it. koa n -hhg, to take up a whole field (as of pota- 
toes) at once. 

hng-beh, wheat or barley from dry fields, hng- 
tsu (C. hui"-chi), sweet-potatoes from dry fields, hhg — 
e, id. 

Illlg [R. he-", good, = col. h6]. ho-hiig (P. ), = ho- 
h6, friendly, hng (P.), a man's name. 

Illlg, interjection of displeasure or contempt. 

ling, interjection of anger, disappointment, or dis- 
dain (pronounced with more emphasis, and rather deeper 
than the next word). 

llftg (cf. he"), yes! yes, sir! 

Illlg (R. oan), (C. hui n ), far; distant, hhg lo-lo, 
very far. li-hng, far separated; far distant, tsoah 
hhg, difference great, tsap-pe chiah-hhg, ten 
times as far. 

llllgh (A. esp. T.), (cf. hng), yes, I observe what 
you say. 

Iingh (Cn.), = A. hah", he-h", — yes! I have heard 
what you say, and observe it. 

ho, an interjection, ho-ho-ho, sound made by 
men (e.g. boatmen) working together, ho-lo, id. 
hoah-ho, to call out "ho," as to a man at a distance. 
hoah-ho--chit-e, id. 

llO [R. hok, =col. hoh], to scorch, as the sun; very 
sultry, as weather, chhui ho, the mouth very dry 
and thirsty, jit ho — lang, the sun scorching people. 

llO [R. ko, tall herbs]. hia"-ho (C), a plant used 
as tinder (v. hia"). 

ho — ho-lin-tau, green pease (probably originally 
"ho-lan," Dutch). 

IlO — ka-ki khai-ho, to boast of one's own 
talents, success, or prosperity. 

IlO [R. ho, a mark, a sign]. chhut-ki-ho, to 
make a secret sign by sound or gesture, which none but 
a confederate will recognize. 

lid (R. id.), (Cn. h&, hd), a large river; a canal, 
lai-ho, the canals in a plain; harbour and creeks (near 
Amoy). chha lai-ho, to search these creeks and 
straits for pirates and smugglers, ho-a, a canal; a 
ditch, chheng ho-a, to clean out a canal, &c. keh- 
ho, separated by a large river. 

gun-ho, the Milky Way. thien-ho, id. thien- 
ho-pan, a ceiling ( = thien-16-pan). ill thien-ho, to 
take his journey on the heavenly river, as the idol "ong- 
i&" when he is burned, iu te-ho, to be sent to float 
away on the sea, as 6ng-i&. 

ho-lam, Honan province; often said also for Hunan, 
ho-ti, a porcupine. 

lid (R. id.), (Cn. ho-), ho-kau, a moat. 

IlO (R. id.) pok-ho, peppermint plant, pok- 
ho-iu, oil of peppermint, poh-ho-iu, id. 

hd [R. ho, the water-lily], ho-lien, a sort of water- 
lily, ho-lan, Holland (v. Ian). 

lid (R. id.), (Cn. hw). sien-ho (C. san-h&), coral, 
sien-ho-ki, a coral ornament for the hair. 

IlO [R. grain], ka-ho-li, a polite name for Amoy. 

h6 [R. what, who], (Cn. her), ho-hong, how much 
the morel ho-ke - , why? in-ho, id. ; how? ho-kher, 
why trouble yourself] ho-tek-khe\ id. chiong- 





• ;5 T 






ho ji-chhu, how can this matter be managed 1 bu- 
nai"-ho, having no other resource; no alternative. 

IIO (R. id.), (Cn. heV), harmonious; to unite; to mix 
in due proportions, ho-hien, to tune a guitar, ho- 
ioh, to mix medicine with food, for strengthening, ho- 
lat, to unite strength in one effort. 

ho-ho, at peace and harmony. sa n -ho, id. ho- 
kki, harmony, ko-hiap, of one mind and acting 
together. ho-chiong, good at living in harmony with 
all. ho-peng (R.), peace and harmony, ho-sun, 
harmonious and submissive, said of wife and husband. 
ho-tang, harmonious, as persons of the same mind; 
agreeing, as evidence, or as things with the pattern. 
ho-tong, id. ho-iok, to make an agreement; a treaty 
of peace, ho-sek-tia", a joint petition by the parties 
saying that the quarrel is settled (v. sek). 

liak-ko, a drawn game; to arbitrate by splitting the 
difference; to join in a plot in order to attack a third 
party, especially when the two were formerly at feud 
with each other, liah tiong-ho, to split the differ- 
ence, as in bargaining or settling a quarrel, chhu-ho, 
to arbitrate a quarrel and so bring it to an end. khhg- 
ho, to exhort men to peace, khoan-ho, id. kong- 
kd, to talk over conditions of settling a quarrel; to have 
agreed on a settlement ; to combine, as two persons 
against a third, kang-ko, to discuss and arrange a 
peaceful settlement (esp. between nations). 

un-ko, temperate and genial, as climate; gentle, as 
temper (v. un). ho-hai, harmonious, as music, tiau- 
ho, mixed well, as medicine or food; harmoniously 
adjusted, as music, &c, mixed in proper proportions, 
im-un tiau-ho, music harmonious. 

thai-ho-koe, a small fowl, like a bantam. 

ho [R. hoa, flower, splendid], ho-piau, a memorial 
archway (v. piau). 

h6 [R. valorous, heroic], (Cn. her), ho-kiet, having 
great courage, talents, or wisdom, along with a kind 

hd (Cn. htr). ho-heng, fond of, as pleasures; in full 
spirit for(v. beng); (said only of several persons together). 

ho [R. fine hair, a small weight], a small weight one- 
tenth of a 15; also one-tenth in value of a copper cash. 
hun-ho, very little, in negative phrases, hun-ho bo 
pkak-srig, not a particle lost, hun-ho rh-kheng, 
utterly unwilling, hun-li ho-hut, in very minute 
quantities; niggardly, shg kau kun-li ko-kut, 
very niggardly and sharp in calculation, ho-li m- 
tkang, you must by no means, chit-si-ho, to boe- 
tsoe--tit, it will not do at all. 

kui-ko-cki n , how many tenths of a cash 1 chhit- 
ho-chi n , seven-tenths of a cash. 

pek-ko, a sort of tea (Pekoe?). 

hd [R. 16, to toil], sin-ho, =sin-16, wages for 

h6 (Cn.) hoan-ho, = A. hoan-16, sorrow; anxiety. 

h6 (R. her n ), (Cn. P. her, b.6), good; well; friendly; 
kind; completely made or finished; by good luck; pros- 
pering; (alive); as an answer it often means "yes;" but 
often only "well, I observe what you say," without being 
an affirmative answer. 

ho-phai", good and bad. bo-ho bo-phai n , of 
medium quality, tolerably good, as men or things; all 
about one and the same quality, as a lot of things, bo- 
iling, a good man; a man in good health, khak-ho, 
better, in goodness or in health; rather more, boe-ko, 
cannot recover, lau-pe ko, while father is alive. 
m-k6, bad; dead. rh-ho--kki, has died, rh-ho 

chit-e-sun--khi, lost a grandson, kun-lai ho, 
have you been well of late? how do you do! chiah-ku 
ho--ma, id. 

tng-ho, just now prosperous; just while in good 
fortune, or on good terms with a man (v. tug), li na' 1 - 
teh-ho, you are constantly prospering more and more. 
ho i— § tse--kong hien-seng, fortunately his an- 
cestor miraculously appeared and delivered him. ho- 
lang koa n -kau, by good luck some one suddenly 
came up, e.g. saving a man from robbers, ko kiu- 
chhi", id. ho-chhi n , a deliverer or benefactor, ho- 
tai-chl, auspicious matters, as birth, marriage, &c. 
(with no idea about morality), ho-jit, a lucky day. 
kong ho-6e, to speak auspicious words. 

ho-chhio, laughable; ridiculous, ho-kia", good 
for walking on; safe for travelling upon, ho-khoa", 
beautiful; looking well; easily seen, toe khah-ho- 
khoa", make a subscription that will look better, ho- 
se (C.s6e; Cn. so), easy to rent, ho-se (C. si), proper; 
suitable (v. se, power), ho-thak, easy to read; so 
composed as to read well aloud. 

ho-be (C. be), a good walker, ho-be (C. b6e; Cn. 
bS), good termination of an affair. ho-kha ho- 
chhiu, skilful, active; a good helper, ho-thau ho- 
bln, good-looking, ho-chhui, talking politely, often 
mere empty fair words, ho-le, politeness, ho-le-a 
(C), take care! ho-so-kia", easy and friendly, not 
wishing much ceremony, but taking ordinary treatment 
in good part, kap-i-ho, on good terms with him; if 
said of man and woman, generally implies improper 
relations, ho-lai ho-khi, mutually doing good offices. 
tsoe-lang-ho, to treat kindly, ho-iii, close friends. 
siong-ho, intimate, friendly, ho-ho, friendly, at 
peace, boe-ho, to give money so as to get a judge or 
arbiter or influential person on our side, in settling a 
dispute or managing a matter. ho--ge (Cn.), "my 
good friend," said as on asking the road. 

6h-ho, fully learned, as a task, iau-be-ho, not 
yet finished, as a work; not quite made, as a thing. 
tsde-ho, to behave well; to have finished, as a work, or 
as a thing we were making, sia-ho, I have written 
it all. 

pi"-ho, to change from bad to good, ho-sim, kind, 
benevolent (v. sim). khhg-lang-ho, to exhort men 
to good behaviour. 

ho-ta", bold, ho-thi", good weather, ho-giah, 
wealthy, ho-kkek (C), id. ho-pan, wealthy; making 
a good profit; of a good form or pattern; easy to manage, 
as an affair, ho-siu, good harvest. 

ia-ho, middling; will barely do; just tolerable; 
name often given to a daughter, chiah sim-mih", 
to-ho, eat what comes to hand, ho chiu-ho, well, 
as you say it is well, let it be, but it is barely toler- 

IlO [R. id. by change of tone from "h6," harmonious]. 
ho-16-so, to assent, without consideration, to another's 
opinion. hu-ho, id. sa"-hu-ho, all saying yes ! 
yes I and approving of the plan or of what was said. 

ho-si (R. ), to respond, in making extempore poetry. 
chhiong-ho (R. ), to sing and respond alternately in 
making extempore poetry. 

IlO [R misery, calamity, = col. e], (Cn. her), ho- 
hok. bad and good fortune, hui-ho, sudden calamity 
(lit. flying), thien-tsai hui-ho, sudden calamity senl 
by Heaven, thien-tsai heng-ho, id. tsai-ho(C), 
= A. tsai-e, calamity, ho-toan, (C), =A. e-toan, 
source or cause of misfortune or calamity. 

hO [R great and wide, extensivel, (Cn. her), ho- 












ho tong-tong (R.), great and majestic, only said of 

IlO (R. id.), (Cn. ha), a mark, a signal, a kind or 
sort; name of a firm; (to set a mark or name); day of 
foreign month. ho-mia n , to give a name, as to a child. 
tsong-ho, a general name or term. te-ho-mia 11 , 
name of a place, toe-ho-mia", id. the-ho-mia", 
a name taken from personal appearance, the-ho, id. 
the-ho, a nickname ; a colloquial name for a man. 
chhiok-ho, a nickname; to give a nickname. 

ni"-ho, the name of a reign, commonly called name 
of emperor, e.g. to-kong (Tau-kwang), tong-tl (Tung- 
chih), &c. 

sin-ho (C), the soft place on a child's head. 

hit-ho, that sort or kind, hit-teng-ho, id. hit- 
ho -lang, that sort of man. 

ji-ho, a mark (a word); a trade-mark (by words); a 
designation of a firm or "chop." hang-ho, name of a 
firm or Hong, tiam-ho, name of a shop or small firm, 
am-ho, a secret mark or signal, ki-ho, a mark. 
ki-ho, a distinctive mark or signal (as of troop or 
nation) made by a flag (v. ki). ho-phau, signal gun 
(mandarin), ho-leng, an order to soldiers by signal, 
pang he-ho, to set off fire signals, hoat he-ho, id. 
ke-ho, the inscription on the cangue (v. ke, the cangue). 

ho-pang, a lodge at a high mandarin's gate for 
cards and letters; also, the office in a military mandarin's 
yamun for receiving complaints and doing general busi- 
ness with the people. koa"-gun-ho, the customs' 
banker, lai-ho, a small private stamp used by a 
mandarin for documents of which he has personal cog- 
nizance, ke-lai-ho, to be stamped with it. ho-siu, 
phrase used in the foreign customs for receipts (v. siu). 

ho-thau, a trumpet with a curved mouth ; the 
number of a chapter or lesson, &c, either marked by 
numbers, or by the thousand-character-classic, or other- 
wise, pien ho-thau, to mark things or volumes by 
the successive words of a book or of a sentence, ho- 
siu, a long trumpet with a narrow up-turned mouth. 
pun-ho-siu, to blow these trumpets at the head of 
funerals and some other processions; the men who blow 

ho-i-koa, a military coat or jacket. 

ji-tsap-ho, No. 20 (&c); said also (especially at the 
Straits) for the day of the European month, to distinguish 
from the day of the Chinese moon. 

phah-ho, to make a mark, phah-ji-ho, to make 
a mark by characters, as on goods, ui-ho, to make 
one's mark at one's name, as a signature, khi-ho, to 
re-open a shop after holidays; sometimes to open a shop 
at the first. 

IlO (R. id.) ho-hi, to make a formal congratula- 
tion, kiong-ho (R.), to make presents and congratu- 
lations on joyful occasions. kheng-ho (R. ), id. 
khia"-ho (Cn. ), id. ho-siu, to make congratulations, 
with presents (or a play), to a man on his birth-day. 
ho-jim, do. to mandarin on his taking office, ho- 
tsoeh, make visits and presents on festivals, ho-ni", 
make visits, or send cards, on last day of year, ho- 
chia", make visits in the first days of new-year, ho 
sin-chhun, id. ho sin-hun make congratulatory 
presents after a marriage, ho-le, to make congratula- 
tory presents, as after a marriage, or getting office, &c. 

ho-gi, money given on such an occasion, as a con- 

IlO" [R. to breathe out; to call; to order], to make 
a verbal bargain or agreement, beng-he, to promise 

plainly; to make a verbal bargain, chheng-her, to 
address by an honourable appellation, chio-he, to 
talk politely, as to visitors or customers. 

he-khip, breathing, used in medical phrases (v. 
khip). _ 

her-im, to give the sounds, to pronounce the sounds 
clearly, as in learning to read. 

her-hat, to give orders to inferiors, somewhat im- 
periously, he-hoan, to order, as a servant, he-le 
hoan-pi, to have menials and slaves at one's command. 

e-he (R.), phrase used in mourning for the dead, 
er-her ai--tsai (R, ), id. it-tan e-he, one may die 
(and be mourned for) any morning; if I (or any one) 
should suddenly die some daj\ 

ho — her-soat, to tell lies, kong-he, id. lam- 
sam-he, id. gau-he, fond of telling lies, he-ham 
( = hong-ham), exaggerated language, talking very big. 
he-hoah, to tell falsehoods in a loud overbearing way. 
her-thi" he-toe, to tell very great lies; e.g. accusing 
people falsely. 

IlO" (R. id.), (Cn. hio), a marquis; the second of the 
five ranks of nobility; a feudal prince, he-ia, a 
marquis, tsu-he, feudal princes. 6ng-h&, kings 
and feudal princes, kong-he, dukes and marquises; 
lords. hong-he, to creat a marquis. 

IlO (R. id.), (Cn. phu). he-li, a fox. he-li - 
chhau, fox fur. he-kun kau-tong, a set of vile 
abandoned men, leading each other into all wickedness. 
her ka he-ui (R. ), mandarin's attendants making 
themselves very big (lit. fox using the tiger's majesty). 
he-gi, suspicious, and therefore undeeided. 

IlO" (R. id.) he-sin, house-flies (v. sin), he-se- 
a (P.), a small stinging insect. 

he-tiap, hinges (v. tiap). 

IlO" — he-liu, a very small sort of fish (v. liu). 

hd" (R. id.) he-chio, pepper. 

hO* (R. id.) he-le-pu, a gourd (v. le). 

ho", to lift a small thing out of the water with a 
dipper or strainer; to gather, as water-lily roots. h&-- 
khi-lai, id. he-sau, to catch larva? with a small net. 
he"-chhu, id. he-prig, to lift out boiled rice with a 
dipper that strains it. he'-phid, to gather duck-weed 
with a strainer. 

IlO" [R. floating], (Cn. h'io). h&-hoan, unfounded, 
groundless, as rumour (v. hoan). her-sam put-lam 
(floating wood not tied), said of men or things (v. lain). 
hu-he (R.), empty and false, as boastful talk. 

hd" [R. paste, = col. ker; confused]. h&-te\ careless, 
negligent; dishonest, equivocating (v. t&). her-sam, 
roughly made and ill-finished, as furniture, dress, &c. 
h&-hun, confused and somewhat untrue, as language; 
ill-mended or corrected (not sufficiently like the original) ; 
a lot having some articles mixed which are worse or not 
uniform, he-sap-sap, in a disorderly state, as dishes 
spattered with food, or as a tangled dirty beard. h&- 
chhe-chhe, careless in managing or doing something. 
h&-chhe-chhe, id. he , -na"-sah", id. 

ham-he, to talk indistinctly and ambiguously of set 
purpose, or manage things in a confused way so as to 

IlO" [R. a lake, = col. &]. he-si, raw silk from Cen- 
tral China (Hoo-chow'? or Hoo-peh'!). be-si-kheh, 
silk merchants from Central China, khah-kui he- 
si, dreadfully expensive, as goods, he-lam (R.), =&- 
lam, Hoo-nan province. 

IlO [R. beard, whiskers], he-he-he, having large 








bushy wliiskers. he--e, all hairy round below the chin, 
he-chhiu, beard and whiskers, chheng-he-chhiu, 
j)ointed leaves of the fir-tree, chheng-he, id. he- 
sai-kau, a shaggy little dog. 

lie' [R. a deep bowl, = col. »]. jio-he (esp. Cn. ), = 
jiO-e-, a chamber-pot. ia-he (Cn. T. ), id. hong-te 
ia-he (Cn. ), said in coarse joke of a man who is too 
knowing, in allusion to "kok-pih." 

lie' (C. ) san-he, = A. sien-ho, coral. 

lie" (Cn.), =A. h6, a river. 

lie (Cn.), = A. ho, harmonious. 

lie (Cn)., = A. ho. he-heng, to desire very much. 

lie (Cn.), = A. ho, what? who? why? and so with 
some other words. 

lid" (R. id.) he-phek, amber. 

lie [R. hu, the bank of a river], he-thi, a sort of 
edible sea-weed, he-soe, sort of sea-weed fried in fat. 

lie [R. he-", fire, = col. he], he-rh, the wild rasp- 
berry (v. m). 

lie' — he-ku, name of a bird (v. ku). 

lie, to cheat out of money; to take money in an 
overbearing way or by force. 

lie (Cn. P.), =h6, good. 

lie (R. id.), a tiger, he-khi, tiger's tooth hung 
up as an amulet, he-kut, tiger's bones, he-kut- 
ka, jelly from tiger's bones (very strengthening). he- 
16, a tiger-trap. he-le (P.), id. he-til (T.), id. 

lin-he, a deep abscess in the breast, leng-he, id. 
chhut-miig-he, a large boil or carbuncle on the back 
of the neck where the hair ends. 

he-16k, outwardly good, but inwardly very bad (v. 
16k). puih he-chhiu, a game of chance (v. chhiu). 
phak-te-he, a catamite. sa n -kha-he (vulg.), a 
man who limps (said in scolding). 

thang-he. a hooked instrument for pulling on the 
hoops of barrels, &c. ha-san-he, a thick strong vest 
with many buttons on the breast, made very tight, ha- 
san-he-hiu\ do. wadded. 

he-chheng, a sort of gingall. he-bo, a sort of 
child's cap. he-a-6e, sort of shoes for children, he- 
chih-loe, a coarse iron file (v. chih). he-bang, a 
sort of fish-net (v. bang), he-khau, the space between 
the thumb and the fore-finger (v. khau). he-mng, 
Bocca Tigris, on the Canton river, he-ui, majesty of a 
mandarin (v. ui). he-pan-tiam, marked with long 
large streaks like a tiger's skin, he-chid, Tauist rites 
for keeping away tigers, or for atoning for the killing 
of a tiger, he-sa, the hills stretching from behind a 
grave round on the right hand (v. sa). 

leng-he-prig, official list of successful candidates for 
the literary degrees of Kujin and Chin-su (lit. roll of the 
dragon and tiger). leng-he-chi n , the front space at 
a temple, with figures of dragon and tiger, leng-he- 
ki, flags of very high mandarin, with figures of them, 
leng-he pe tsui-khau, the dragon and tiger guard 
the entrance of the harbour, as at Amoy by the "he>- 
thflu" and "16ng-thau." pe - leng pe - he, flying 
dragon and tiger on flags carried before high mandarins. 
leng-he kau-chien, ku-pih siu-tsai, when the 
great quarrel the small suffer, he-leng pa-piu, 
very violent and wicked men. thien liong, te he 
(C. ), the dragon in heaven and the tiger on earth are the 
great powers, pek-he, chheng-liong, tsu-chhiok. 
hien-bu, the (Tauist) spirits that preside over the four 
quarters, liong seng liong-tsii. he seng pa-ji, 
children are like their parents in excellence. 

peh-he, a white tiger, he-ia, the deified tiger; the 
god of gambling, he-chiong-ia, id. he-sai-ia, id. 
he-chiong-kong (esp. T.), id. he-seng-kong, 
earthen image of a tiger carried on 1 . 14 or 15 to collect 
wood for the fires called "he-phun." thien-he (C), 
tigers sent by heaven (v. thien). sin-he (C), a tiger 
which is really a spirit in the shape of a tiger, from 
which it is impossible to escape. 

he-thau, a very bad man, who is always acting as 
the head and patron of people who cause trouble, he- 
thau-pai, a shield with a tiger's head painted on it. 
he-thau-ka", a dungeon at Fuh-chau. he-thau, 
niau-chhu be, boastful at first, but a coward at the 

chioh-he, a sort of wild cat. chim-he, a fish that 
devours crabs, tsoa-he, the book-worm, tau-he, a 
small winged beetle that wastes peas, beans, &c. he- 
sin-he, a small insect about the size of a pea. piah- 
he, = sien-lang, the common lizard, chhu-he, a figure 
like a lizard carved on furniture, chhi-he (C), id. 

he-sai, tigers and lions (v. sai). he-sai, a sort of 
crab, he-se, a sort of sole, he-soa, a large spotted 
dangerous shark, he-hi, id. it hang, ji he, this 
and the skate make bad wounds (v. hang), he-hi- 
chhau, a small plant used for medicine (v. hi), (v. 

chhi-he, to rush foolishly into danger; a worthless 
wretch (v. chhi). beng-he, a fierce tiger, beng-he 
boe-tui--tit kau-kun, a tiger cannot beat a crowd 
of monkeys, pek-he siong-jin, to drive a tiger to 
bay will hurt men, said of driving a man too hard; said 
also of an unlucky grave (v. sa). pak-he iong-i n ; 
chhiong-he Ian, to bind a tiger is easy, the trouble 
is to let him loose, khi-he chi-se, put-tek-ha, 
he who rides a tiger cannot dismount (v. ha), chhio- 
bin-he, a tiger with a smiling face; pretending friend- 
ship while plotting our ruin. chhi n -bin-he, absurdly 
touchy, u, tsoe-he tsam : bo, tsoe-he thi"-am, 
having money he is voracious as a tiger; without money 
he stretches out his neck looking up like a tiger. 

he" (R. id.) he-thang, a large bucket for irriga- 
tion, swung on two ropes between two men. he-tau, 
a smaller bucket for water; also, having one's lower jaw 
projecting too much, e-tau he-he, lower jaw very 
prominent, e-tau khah-he, id. 

to-he--ke, to make a somersault forwards, he- 
chiu" he-16h, to climb about up and down, as a rest- 
less boy. 

he-chhiu, to toss the hand out and upwards with 
the palm open upwards, as expression of displeasure. 
he-chhiu he-kioh, to toss one's arms upwards, and 
shake about one's legs in disputing. 

he-tsui, to raise water by a bucket swung between 
two men. he leng-bak, to wash the eyes of the 
dragon-boats before the race. 

lie (T. h&). sip-ji-he, tied in the shape of a 
cross, sip-ji-he pak--teh, to tie by strings at right 
angles, as a bundle, phah sip-ji-he, id. si-liam- 
he, id. tiau-kak he--teh, tied diagonally, as a 
bundle tied in a napkin by its four corners. 

lie [R. h6ng, to let loose, = col. pang], he-hiah", 
flurried; hurried (v. hiah"). 

lie [R. he-, thick, =col. kau]. chhin-he-he,very 
intimate, as friends. 

lie [R. to guard; to protect], po-he, to protect. 
kiu-he, to save or deliver from great danger, as man 
or idol, hiam-kiu-he, to call out loud for help. 








he-sang, to convoy, he-sin-kia", a breast-plate 
(v. ki& n ). 

he--chhu, the two houses at the ends of the prin- 
cipal house, facing towards it. he-leng (T. ), id. 

ui-he, name of an idol, he-hoat, = khia-lam-iJL, 
an idol, he-hoat-ia, id. he-kai-kong (Cn.), id., 
he has long hair. 

kim-kng he-sin (Cn.), several idols named and 
worshipped together, set in front of Shakya-muni (sek- 

Il0" [R. a door; a single-leaved door; a family; 
master of a family or of a business, &c] 

he-teng, threshold. he-tai n (T.), id. thong- 
he-kui, shop-counter at door of shop. he-tiap, 
hinges (gen. so written, but properly her-tiap). mfig- 
he, doors in general; a door, mfig-he sa"-tui, 
families of about equal rank, mfig-pang he-si n , 
all the doors and their fittings, as in stating whether 
they are in good order or not. mng-sin he-ui, the 
guardian spirits of doors, civil and military respectively, 
phah toa-mfig, khui toa-he, to do wicked things 
openly, as keeping a public brothel openly. 

he-khau, a household, in regard to a sort of census 
of families, tso he-khau, to make such a list of 
families, done by mandarins and tepo. ka-ka he- 
he, every household, phai hu-he, to levy contribu- 
tions from rich houses. 

tsun-he, junks, as to their number; the owner of a 
junk (v. tsftn). hang-he, owner or partner of a hong. 
kau-he, do. of smaller firm. tiam-he, a shop-keeper 
(s. rain). phe-he, a shop; a shop-keeper (v. phe - ). 
tien-he, the tenant of a farm, ttii n -he (Cn.), id. 

kah-he, a group of about twelve houses, making a 
subdivision of a small ward (po). kiii kah-he, how 
many such groups are there in one "p6?" he-thau- 
mia.", the name under which a group of fields or houses 
is entered in the register-books of the tax-collectors; 
generally it is the name of some ancestor which remains 
unaltered for many generations. siang-he-thau, 
having one's field or house in the same group in the 
books with some other man's, khia sim-mih n he- 
thau-mia", what is the name under which your pro- 
perty stands on the register 1 ? 

he-pe, the Board of Revenue at Pekin ; the president 
of it, like chancellor of exchequer, he-pang, the 
revenue department in a yamun, esp. of the land-tax; 
the secretary who has the management of it. 

h<y [R. empress or queen; a ruler], (Cn. hio). 
hong-he, empress by marriage, thai-he, empress- 
mother; validi - sultana ; empress - dowager. hong- 
thai-he, id. thai-hong thai-he, emperor's grand- 

he-chek, the god of agriculture, he-the, id., the 
spirit of the earth, viewed as consort of Imperial Heaven 
(v. ther). thien-he niu n -niu n , the goddess of sailors, 
= ma-tser-p6. 

l\& [R. after, = col. au], (Cn. hio). he-e, posterity. 
he-i (C), id. he-su, posterity; heirs, he-chin, de- 
scendants who are a credit to their ancestors, he-the, 
descendants who are a disgrace to ancestors, he-se, 
after generations, he-tai, id. he-jit, on a future 
day. su-he, afterwards, at some future time, only 
from this time forward, never used when speaking of 
what was once future, but is now past, he-sin, after- 
wards, he - lai, id. sien - he, before and after, 
chien-he (r. ), id. 

h©" (Cn.) he-liam, very quickly, very speedily, 
esp. said in urging some one to be quick. 

Il0" [R. to wait, = col. hau, pe>], (Cn. hio, C. hau). 
su-he, to wait ready (as yamun people) to accompany 
the mandarin when he comes out. hoah su-he, to 
call the underlings to get ready to wait on and accom- 
pany the mandarin, goa su-he- -li, I am waiting 
till you are ready (said to a man who is too busy to 
attend to us, but for whom we are resolved to wait till 
he is ready). 

h©" (R. u), rain, hong-he, wind and rain, tsoe- 
hong 16h-he, wind and rain come. he-lai-thi n , 
rainy weather. thi n -khi he-i, appearance of rain 
about to fall, tsoe-he-i, id. kip-si-he, seasonable 
rain, am-he tiau-mi n , rain late in the day lasts 
through the night, he chhia-teh-pia", rain falling 
in torrents, he si-lam-sui, rain overflowing every- 
where, chim-tsu-he, long-continued soaking rains. 
chhi n -kong-he, heavy squall of wind and rain, sai- 
pak-he, north-west rain-storm, soon clears oflf. 

ien-bu-he, gloomy rainy weather, hun-he, a 
brief passing shower of very limited range, ke-soa"- 
he, a heavy passing shower on the hills, sien-he, 
long weary rains, not very heavy. 16h-sien-he, to 
have such long rains. 

bong-cheng-he, rain on the term called "b6ng- 
ch6ng" (v. ch6ng). chhiu n -rh-he (C), rain at the 
time the arbutus (Myrica) ripens. 

he-tsun, a shower, he-a-mng, drizzling rain, 
he-a-chhiu, id. phun--tioh he-hoe, to get some 
drops of rain on one. he-tsui, rain-water; rain, kau 
he-tsiii, rain abundant, he-tsui sun-siok, rain 
in due season from time to time, sin he-tsui, to catch 
rain-water in a vessel. 

16h-he, to rain. 16h-he-be, drizzling rain, pang- 
he, to rain in small quantity, tih-he, to have rain 
dropping from the roof. 

he chi", the rain cleared off. 

thau-he, through the rain. chia n -thau-he, rain 
enough to saturate the ground (v. than), khit-he, to 
pray for rain, tsau-he, to take shelter from rain, 
tiam-he, id. (s. door), hioh-he, id. oan-he, to 
spread a mat or sail, as cover from rain, sidng-he- 
phang, taking advantage of a break in the rain. 

he-soa", an umbrella (v. soa"). 

thi" bo-he, lang bo-le, if Heaven give no rain 
man has no resource. 

Il0" (R. 11), (Cn. the-), to give; to cause; also, =khit, 
sign of the passive in some phrases. 

kau he~i, hand it over to him. rh-thang he— 
i, don't give it him. soa tioh-chi n he--i, and must 
also give him money. 

he-i-phah, to be struck by him. i he--li poah- 
boe-to, you cannot beat him in argument. 

he-li-che, you must be responsible for the payment. 
he-i-kong, let him speak, he-li-kong, you may 
speak; please say on. he--lang tah-hiah", to make 
a man start. 

ka n -si he — lang, not afraid to kill one's self in 
order to make an enemy responsible for the death. 

ll©" [R. thick, = col. kau], (Cn. hio). tiong-he, 
honest; faithful; upright, he-to, honest, fair, and 
safe to have dealings with, sun-he, honest, well-be- 
haved, and pleasant to deal with, hong-siok sun- 
he, customs of a place excellent, phok-sit tun-he 
(R.), honest, straightforward, and simple in tastes. 
he-tiong, grave, quiet, and sedate; large and fat in 

chhin-he, associating intimately (v. chhin). 

hu-he, very rich, he-li, very profitable, as trade. 














iong-iong to he-hok, common ordinary people 
usually have much happiness. 

he-phak, a very thick sort of bark, used to cure a 
dyspeptic or bilious feeling. 

llO' (R. id. ), a word used in the names of many places. 
chhim-he\ Chimmo, near Chinchew. he-be, the 
native name of the town at the settlement of Tam-suy, 
in Formosa. 

llO" [R. interlocking like two hooks, mutual]. sa n - 
kau-he, hooking into each other in the form of the 
character "he 1 ." se-ho, a frame shaped like that char- 
acter, for making hanks of yarn, se-he-toh, a table 
of which the feet come separate from the top, and fold 
up like a folding chair. se-h§--kha--e, id. ho-se, 
to make hanks of yarn on the frame. 

llO (T. ) si-liam-he\ = A. sl-liam-hd-, tied crossing 
at right angles, as the string of a parcel. 

llO* (Cn.), = A. ho, a kind; a sort; a mark. 

llO" (Cn.), = A. ho, misery; calamity. 

ho (Cn.), = A. he, lime. 

h5" (Cn.), = A. h6, to return. 

ho' (Cn.), =A. hS, fire. ho-m, =A. he--m, the 
Chinese raspbeny. 

ho" (Cn. ), = A. he, comrade, company, &c. 

h6' (Cn.),=A. he. ho-sit, ke-ho, &c. 

h'O (Cn.), = A. hfe, year of age. 

h'O (Cn.), = A. hfe, goods. 

ho" 1 , to bray, as an ass. her n -he -n -hau, to buzz; to 
snore. her n -her n -kid, id. khun-kau he- n -her n -kio, 
to sleep and snore. 

110"", an interjection used at the end of a statement, 
followed by a pause, to let what has said be fully con- 
sidered, suggesting the idea "is not that so?' or "is not 
that a good reason V 

hflf" [R. fire, = col. he], kim-bok-sui he- n -the\ 
metal, wood, water, fire, earth: the five elements, beng- 
he - " kiap-liok, housebreaking and robbery with lighted 
torches. toan-sui-he ,n --si, to put to death by pro- 
hibiting the use of fire and water, i. e. by starvation. 

ho" 1 (cf. he-). he- n -be- n hia"-hia n , much flurried. 

ho" 1 [R. to desire, to be fond of, by change of tone 
from "hff n ," good], he^-su, a meddler; a busybody; 
a tattler and talebearer. her n -chhap eng-su, id. 
her n -im, lascivious, he^-ko, ambitious. her n -seng, 
domineering; fond of being superior. her"-sien, to 
delight in virtue and goodness. 

ho" — he^-he^-chhoan, to pant hard. 

llOJI , to extinguish or go out, as fire. he hoa, the 
fire is gone out. te-he-hoa, may life go out as a lamp 
( sometimes said as an oath for confirmation), tng teng- 
he hoa, may my life go out like this lamp before me ! 
phah-hoa, to extinguish. Im-hoa, to extinguish by 
covering up. ak-hoa-he, extinguish fire by water, 
pun-hoa, do. by blowing, kiu-hoa-he, to put out 
a (dangerous) fire. 

hoa--khi, to be fully cured and so disappear, as a 
cutaneous disease. 

tih-beh-hoa, about to die, as a very sickly child. 

hoa (R. id.) soan-hoa (R.), noisy disturbance; 
noisy talk or clamour, kim-chi soan-hoa (R.), no 
noise allowed here; written up at offices, &c. 

llOil [R. a flower, often has the idea of licentious- 
ness, = col. hoe; but in C. both R. and col. are "hoa"]. 

hoa-phun, dressing gaudily, boasting, and making 
one's self of importance, hoa-hui, to spend lavishly 

(v. hui). hu-hoa, lavish expense; dissolute, hi-hoa 
(C), id. hong-hoa, dissolute, ien-hoa e se^-tsai, 
a house of ill-fame, ien-hoa e-lang, a prostitute. 
hoa put-be-jin, jin tsu-be, it is not beauty that 
deludes men, men delude themselves. 

gim-siong thiam-hoa, an addition to great wealth 
or learning (flowers upon flowered silk), thien-hoa- 
hun, a seed used medicinally, thien-hoa-pan, = 
(better) thien-16-pan, a ceiling. 16k -hoa liu-sui 
(flowers fallen and floating away), extremely miserable. 
lok-hoa-seng (R.), = lok-kha-seng, ground-nuts, 
hoa-chio, white pepper, hoa-hiong-te, tcaflavoured 
with flowers (v. hiong). 

hoa-ki-kok, the United States (v. ki). 

llOa [R. hoa, splendid]. hoa -ha (R.), China, 
tiong-hoa, id. hoa-chhai (R.), richly ornamented. 

JlOci [R. splendid], eng-hoa hu-kui, very pros- 
perous, chhia-hoa, lavish; gaudy. 

geh-hoa, vari-coloured halo of the moon, supposed 
to be an omen of great good. 

hoa [R. hn, according to, to examine], (T. hoa"). 
hoa-khoa", to calculate by a rough guess at sight, 
without measurement, hoa-shg, to make a rough 
calculation of quantity, but more careful than "hoa- 
khoh."." hoa-sng-khoa 11 , id. 

hoa-soah (Cn.), =(T. ), hoa n -soah, to get people to 
make up a quarrel, as neighbours do. 

llOa [R. to change, to renovate, to beg, as priests; 
to digest; luck or fortune], (C. hoe), to change, as the 
transformations of nature; to rot away. 

siau-hoa, to digest, hoa-he, to be accidentally 
consumed, as paper or clothes, hoa-tsoe he-hu, to 
be burned away to ashes. 

hoa-hoa, naturally taking things quite easy; not 
much affected by good or bad news, thoat-hoa, easy- 
minded; not anxious about danger or trouble; not par- 
ticular about ceremony; taking things as they come. 
sim boe-hoa, grief hard and long to remove. 

hun-hoa, quite alike and undistinguishable, as a 
mend or a counterfeit, khah-hoa, having the edges 
shading gradually (a beauty in painting, but a fault in 

tiam-hoa, to instruct or warn, as a spirit does in a 
dream, kam-hoa, to renovate, as doctrine or spiritual 
influence, kau-hoa, to instruct and lead to better 
conduct, hong-hoa, influence of superiors on charac- 
ter, esp. for good, ho-hong-hoa, good example and 

pien-hoa, natural changes; to be transformed (v. 
pifen). hoa-si n , produced from a chrysalis, &e. ban- 
but hoa-seng, all things are produced by natural 
changes, hoa-sin, to die and become a Buddha, hoa- 
sin-tong, a cave where beggars die (v. tong). 

hoa-ien (C), = A. hde-ifin, to beg, as Buddhist 

tso-hoa (R.), to make and transform. h6-tso-hoa 
(C. h6-tsu-hoe), good luck; good fortune, tso-hoa 
si, id. tso-hoa m-si, bad luck. phai n -tso-hoa. 
id. phdng tso-hoa, to make a trial or attempt witli 
some hope (but not much) of success; to make a venture, 
e.g. at examination, or asking for a situation, &c. tu 
tso-hoa, id. te- tso-hoa, id. tu li--e tso-hoa, 
I will try my best for you, but with much doubt of suc- 
cess, pheng li--e tso-hoa, id. =phong &c. =tau 
&c. tau tso-hoa, to make a venture along with an- 
other, as partners in a trading speculation. 

IlOa [R. speak, words, = col. oe]. hoa put-t&- 









ki, poan-ku to, when what is said is not agreeable 
half a sentence is too much. 

llOSl, noisy play; turmoil or disturbance, hoa- 
hoa, id. hoa-hoa-kiin, id. hoa-hoa-hau, id. 
hoa-hoa-tio, to move about in great excitement, as a 
crowd (v. tio). han-hoa, indistinct noise or hum of a 
crowd, with more or less noisy talk; to be in an excited 
state, as a community when there are rumours of re- 
bellion, kong-hoa kong-chhio, to joke and jest 
and talk loudly. 

llOi I [R. to paint or draw, = oil]. hoa-phe - , a book 
of drawing lessons. hoa-kong(C. oe-kong, oui-kong), 
an ornamental painter, as of flowers, &c. hoa-peng 
chhiong-ki, to paint a loaf to appease hunger, hoa- 
he - put-seng, hoan ui-ke, try to paint a tiger, but 
make it a dog (v. hoan). 

llOa (Cn.), = A. hia, a tile. 

llO«l (Cn.) hoa-lang, Spaniards, said esp. by 
people who have been at Manila. 

llOa" (R. hoan). hoa"-hi, to be glad or pleased 
(v. hi). 

hoa", to snore. 

hoa" (T.), = A. hoa, to make a rough guess or calcu- 

hoa n (C), = A. hoai", across. 

IlOjV (C), = hotu". &-hoa"-si, a plant used in 
making cakes. 

llOJi n (cf. hoa 11 ), careless; inattentive to business. 
hoa"-hoa", id. ; without determination ; colour indis- 
tinct. hoa"-hoa" ke — khi, negligently let matter 
pass without proper attention. 

er-hoa", dull or grayish black; dim, as light, ang- 
hoa", light red. hoa"-ang, id. hg-hoa" fig-hoa", 
light yellow, geh hoa", moon not giving much light, 
as at beginning or end of month, or when the sky is 
clouded, geh hoa"-hoa n , id. 

I10a n (R. hoan). hoa"-hoa n , not caring much 
about a matter; not giving attention (cf. hoa"). tiu° 
hoa"-hoa", to pretend indifference. 

llOa" [R. tan, the morning], bin-hoa", after this 
time; afterwards; on a future day. tiam-hoa" (Cn.), 
just lately; a very short time ago. 

llOa" — khi -hoa", the gums. chhui-khi-hoa n , 

llOa 11 (R. giin), an embankment; a dyke, te-hoa n , 
a sea-dyke, inclosing reclaimed land, hai-hoa", id. ; 
a sea-wall, ho-hoa", dyke on a great river, iin- 
hoa", embankment of a pool that is overflowed at high- 
tide, thun-hoa", to make the dyke higher or stronger, 
oa-hoa", to approach the embankment; to come near 
the mark (v. oa), (s. lean). 

bin-chhiig-hoa", the broad board on front of a 
bed, for sitting on. 

hoa" — chhan-hoa", the raised divisions between 
irrigated fields. chban-boa n -le r , a road on the narrow 
banks between rice-fields. chhan - hoa" - chi" (P.), 
money paid, once for all, for the right of cultivating 
common fields so that they cannot be taken away. 

hng-hoa", raised divisions between dry fields. 

IlOa n [R. an, to lay the hand on], to lay the hand 
heavily upon, so as to steady or to lean upon ; to manage, 
as household or accounts. 

hoa"-beh, to feel the pulse. 

hoa"-toa, to steer a vessel. 

sa"-hoa", hands leaning on each other's shoulders. 
hoa" keng-tbau, to lean on another's shoulder by 

the hand, boa" hff-i-tia", steady it with the hand 
hoa"-khi-tia", id. hoa"-tia", to keep one's mind 
at ease (v. tia n ). tab-boa", to lay one's hand on some- 
thing to steady one's self; to depend upon another, as 
widow, orphan, &c. bo-tab bo-boa", having no one 
to look to for support, bo-te thang-oa-hoa", id. 
bo-lang tbang-oa-boa", id. 

boa"-ke, to manage household affairs, boa" ke- 
su, id. boa" hang-cheng, to fix the market price 
(v. hang). boa"-poa", to have the authoritative voice 
in a business, as manager (ke-tiii") or shroff. boa"-siau, 
to keep the accounts. 

boa" sin-te, to have a small military district. 

boa"-soab, to try to get people to make up a quarrel, 
as neighbours or friends. 

boa"-pbek, the man in a band of music who beats 
the "phek." boa" su-koan, to play musical instru- 
ments of all sorts, boa" bien-koan, to play joyful 

llOa", to solder. boa"-iob, id. tang-boa", 
soldering with hard solder, siab-boa", soldering with 
soft solder. 

llOah (Cn.), = A. hiah, thus, this, these. 

hoah (R. hat), to shout loud; to bawl, boab- 
loab, id. boah-hiam, id. tau-boab, to call out 
loud, encouraging each other to do something, ban- 
boab, loud shouting or noise ; noisy disturbance. 
him -hoah, to reprove so as to silence, hang-hoah, 
to frighten; to call loud in a threatening way; to bully. 
hau-hoah, to talk loud in reproving or threatening. 
hoah hoa"-bi, to shout out for amusement, as on the 
hills; to call out loud to inferiors just for the pleasure 
of ordering, boah-cbia hoab-hia, calling out in 
great terror and perturbation, as at sudden danger. 
hoah-him hoah-he', id. (as if at bears and tigers !) 

he"-hoah, to tell lies and make a great noise, be- 
tbi" hoah-toe, id. (often with the idea of slander). 

hoah iu-o, man who calls out "iu-o" before a 
mandarin to clear the road, hoah-to, id. hoah 
he-ui, shouting loud as the mandarin ascends the 
tribunal, chbat-hoah-chhat, a thief calling out 
"stop thief!" (v. chhat). 

hoah-soa", to call the auspicious influence of the 
mountain to the grave, at burial (v. soa"). hoah- 
the\ to perform rites before beginning to build or repair 
a house or grave. 

boah-kun, to play at morra (v. kun). hoah le- 
lang, an auction, hoah le-long, id. 

hoah-ke, to put an extra price on an article, as 
from change in supply or demand. 

hoah thau-sia", to make the proposal which the 
rest of the company follow; to be in the habit of taking 
the lead in arranging what is to be done, hoah 6e- 
tang, his words are usually followed, tai-ke hoah- 
thang, all at once gave their assent. 

hoab-soah, to order inferiors and make them stop 
a quarrel, between themselves or with others. 

llOalll — soah-hoab, to determine and decide 
what is to be done, as the leader or principal party in 
an affair. 

IlOiill [R. han, a limit, = col. an, hat], tsat- 
hoab, to use an average moderate amount, as of 
strength, or of food, &c. 

hoall [R. hoat, to subdue, to stride], a stride; one . 
step; to take one good step, toa-hoah, a very long 
step, nng-hoah chit-pe, two steps make one pace. 
sa"-per tsoe-nng-boah, in a tremendous hurry 









(making two steps as long as three paces). chia n -pah- 
hoah-kha, about a hundred steps = fifty paces, hoah— 
ke-khi, to take a long step across. 

llOili. or hoe (P.), = A. hoe, a flower, hoai-kl- 
ko. variegated, = A. hoe-li-lo. 

1 1 Oil I [R. id., = col. iu]. hoai-chhiu, a tree with 
yellow flowers (Sophoral). hoai-hoe, its flowers used 
as a dye for staining wood a greenish yellow. 

llOili [R. to carry in the bosom, heart, or womb, = 
col. kui], (P. h6e). hoai-hun, to cherish enmity, 
hoai-liam (EL), to cherish a feeling in the heart, 
sim-hoai (R.), the breast (inside). khai-hoai 
thiong-im, jolly over the wine-cups, hoai-thai, to 
be pregnant, hoai-in (R.), id. 

llOili [R. name of the river Hwai in the north of 
Ngan-hwui, and of a city, Hwai-ning foo, in Honan]. 
hoai-soa", = soa"-iuh-tsu, a medicinal root from Hwai- 
ning and North China (Dioscorea 1). hoai-san, id. 

llOili [R. hai, the bones of the chin], e-hoai, the 
lower jaw-bone, e-hoai-kut, id. bo-e-hoai, having 
a very small lower jaw and almost no chin. 

llOili (R. id.) pai-hoai, to spoil, sun-hoai, id. 
hui-hoai, id. to destroy, phah-hoai, id. phah- 
hoai-su, to ruin an affair or business by mismanage- 
ment, hoai-su, id. hiu-hoai, to rot away. t6- 
hoai, to fall down, as a house. pang-hoai, to fall, 
as a landslip, or as an embankment giving way. 

llOai 11 (R. beng), (Cn. hui n ; C. hoa"), across, cross- 
wise; (horizontal); wicked, unfair; especially, unfair and 
overbearing when having an influential protector. 

hoai n -tsai, wealth got by mere good luck, or by 
unjust means. hoai"-tsa n , to get large gains suddenly. 
hoai"-ko, id. hoai n -ko e seng-li, making enor- 
mous gains in trade. 

hoai n -keh, opposed to right and justice; disobedient 
and unruly (v. keh). hoai"-hek, violent, overbearing, 
and unjust. au-hoai n , unfair, oppressive, and in- 
jurious, as a man who has powerful influence at his back; 
to get people's money out of them by an overbearing 
and violent manner. hoai n -peh-peh, id. 

than-hoai 11 , crosswise, transverse; horizontal as 
opposed to perpendicular. tha n -hoai n (T. ), id. to 
than-hoai", lying across, sim-koa" than-hoai", 
heart perverse and wicked. 

hoai n -tit, straight and cross-wise; in every direction. 
hoai"-khng tit-khhg, to entreat and exhort by 
every means. hoai n -kia n tit-thg, not afraid to go 
anywhere. hoai n -chhau bo-ni n , tit-chhau bo- 
liam, very gentle, very honest. 

hoai n -te\ a ferry-boat, kia" hoai n -iu n , to cross 
to Formosa (v. i(i"). phah-hoai n -chhoa n , to attack 
by a flank movement. hoai n -thau-toh, a table at 
the side of a room. hoai n -phi, an inscription written 
horizontally, as over a door or at the top of a scroll. 
hoai n -bah-bin, repulsive distorted face. hoai"- 
chha, gia. jip-tsau (to put wood crosswise in the fire- 
place), perverse and contrary in temper. 

llOili" (T.), = A. hoan, to spread out, as a mat. 

hoaT [R. hfing, name of a plant], (C. hoa n ). e- 
hoai n -si, a fibrous plant used in making the soft 
steamed cakes called "ke." 

DOaill", sound of creaking or of breaking, tang- 
hoaih n -hoaih", very heavy. chher-hoaih n -hoaih", 
very coarse, as cloth. teng-hoaih"-hoaih", very 
hard, as cakes. 

hoan [R. soan, to go round; to twine], hoan- 

hoe, a convolvulaeeous creeping plant, with light 
purple flowers, that spreads very rapidly (Calystigia?). 

llOilll [R. foreign, a time], foreign; barbarian; rude 
and clownish and foolish. 
kui-hoan (R,), how often? 

hoan-hoan, rude, ignorant, and unreasonable, gin- 
na hoan-hoan, the child is very exacting, unreason- 
able, and hard to please, hoan-ti-tu (clownieh spi- 
der), a man who is absurdly unreasonable, hoan- 
kong-ther, very rude and ignorant, while affecting 
knowledge (v. ther). 

ther-hoan, aborigines, as in Formosa, sek-hoan, 
civilized aborigines or foreigners. pi"-pe"-hoan, abo- 
rigines in Formosa (near the limit of the plains) who 
have submitted to the Chinese. chhi"-hoan, uncivil- 
ized savages. biau-hoan, unsubdued aborigines 
(Miau-tsze) in some parts of China, esp. north of Kwang- 
tung and Kwang-si provinces, e-ter-hoan, an ancient 
tribe of barbarians mentioned in the "sam-kok-chl." 

hoan-lang, a foreigner; a barbarian, hoan-a, do. 
(more disrespectful), (s. flag), hoan-na, id. hoan- 
a-hoan, foreigners rebelling against China. kim 
hoan-a-thau, a gold coin of considerable size, hoan- 
thau, a Spanish dollar (s. turn), hoan-ah, a sort 
of duck (v. ah), hoan-thong-su, an interpreter. 
hoan-pang, a foreign country, hoan-peng, foreign 
parts, hoan-tsu, = han-tsu, sweet potatoes, hoan- 
beh-sui, maize; Indian corn, hoan-koah, a plant 
with a root somewhat like a turnip (v. koah). hoan- 
ke-chi, = lien-bun, the rose-apple. 

ke-hoan, to go abroad. kia"-hoan, to travel 
abroad, hoan-hoan, to go abroad trading, he-hoan, 
to go and make peace with foreigners, as the Princess 
Chiau-kun, married to the king of the (kim) Kin Tar- 
tars, chhut-pun he-hoan, to lay out money in 
advance for a friend, as on a commission for goods which 
he has asked us to execute for him, or as in paying 
expenses on his account. 

lioail (R. id.), to turn over, hoan-loan, to turn 
over and over, koh hoan — lai, to relapse, as in sick- 
ness, hoan-lai hoan-khi, to toss restlessly, as sick 
man on bed. hoan-kiau, to roll on the ground, as a 
horse, hoan-soa, id. hoan-lin-tng, to turn up- 
side down; immediately (v. lln). 

hoan -sin, immediately; in a moment, hoan- 
thau, to turn one's head round; immediately (in indic- 
ative sentences), in speaking of coming back (s. foreign). 
hoan-thau chiah-lai, will come back immediately, 
tsui hoan-thau, the flood-tide just beginning to 

hoan-tsoan, versatile (v. tsoan). u-hoan-chhia, 
id. (v. chhia). kap-lang-hoan, to draw back from a 
promise, agreement, or engagement, hoan-boe-tit, 
will not be pleased, as a child that cries for something 
else as soon as it gets what it asked before. 

hoan-an, to bring up a case again; to reverse the 
former decision of the court or of a lower court, hoan- 
khdng, to raise again a case that had been settled. 
hoan-kai, to repair a house by taking down the roof 
and part (at least) of the walls (v. kai). hoan-pan, 
to cut new blocks for a book, hoan-chhau, to chew 
the cud. hoan-the, the child moving in the womb 
just before birth, hoan-thien (T.), to come in by the 
roof, as a thief, hoan-thien hok-te, to make great 
confusion, as in rebellion, &c. (v. bok). tsui hoan- 
kau, water gathering a scum when kept too long. 
hoan chhan-ther, to turn up the soil in preparation 
for another crop, pah-poa" seng-li-le, m-tah 









hoan chhan-the\ agriculture is the safest and best of 
all occupations. 

hoan-kih-ka, so confused as to be unintelligible 
(v. ka). 

IlOilll (R. id.) hoan-ek, to interpret, to trans- 

IlOilll [R. a sort of flag or streamer], hoan-a, 
streamers attached to a circular frame used at funerals. 
kiah hoan-a, to carry it, as chief mourners at funeral, 
in-hun-hoan, white streamers for calling back the 
spirit of a man who has died abroad, tong-hoan, set 
of streamers on a triangular rim, used as an ornament 
of idols and at funerals of vegetarians, khia-hoan, 
to set up streamers at the ceremonies of "kong-tek" for 
the dead, khia-hoan pang-sia, to set up these 
streamers and burn paper images. 

IlOilll [R. hun, to command], hoan-hu, to order; 
to command; to give a message (v. hii). 

IlOtlll [R. to return; to repay, =col. heng; in some 
phrases "hoan" (q.v.): also C, = A. heng]. 

chheng-hoan, to clear off, as an account, hoan- 
ehe (esp. C), to pay a debt. hoan--i (C), pay 

hoan-hun, to revive from a swoon, faint, or appa- 
rent death (v. hun). hoan-tiau, to go and pay 
respects, sometimes with gifts (in return), to a man who 
has worshipped our parent (tiau-tsod) shortly after 

chit-p§- hoan-chit-pe', taking slow and careful 
steps in walking; to manage a matter very carefully, 
step by step, making sure of one step before taking 
another, chit-ku hoan-chit-ku, each clause spoken 
separately and distinctly. 

IlOilll (cf. oan), (T. hoai n ), to open out, as some- 
thing rolled up ; to spread out,as a mat. hoan-chhioh, 
to spread out a mat. hoan mhg-li, to open out a 
hanging door-screen, hoan bang-ta, to put up mos- 

IlOilll — hoan-phe, to prepare leather for use, 
as a tanner. 

IlOilll [R. all ; every, = col. hoan, the world]. 
kang-hoan, to come from heaven to be born into the 
world, as a god. thoat-hoan, to die, as Buddhist 
priest ; to have one's mind not set on the world's affairs, 
as any man. 

IlOilll — lien-hoan-chheng, many guns fired 
in rapid succession so as to make a running fire, trig- 
lien-hoan, to fire them thus. 

IlOilll [R. thoan, a round mass; a company], lien- 
hoan-kiet, an agreement made by all the households 
of a street or ward to keep away bad characters, all 
being responsible for each. 

IlOilll (R. id.), alum, pen -hoan, id. sek-hoan, 
prepared alum. chhi"-hoan, raw alum, chheng- 
hoan (R.), copperas (?) tam-hoan, sulphate of cop- 
•per. tso-hoan, sulphate of iron, hoan-tsui, a 
solution of alum. 

hoan-tsoa, paper sized with alum. chhi n -kau- 
hoan, a sort of thick paper treated with alum. 

IlOilll [R. troubled; anxious], hoan-16, sorrow; 
grieved; anxious about the future. hoan-h6 (Cn.), 
id. eng hoan-16, unnecessary anxiety, hoan-sim, 
mind grieved and anxious, hoan-sim peh-pak, 
sorely distressed and anxious. sim-hoan i-loan, 
mind disturbed and anxious about a multitude of mat- 

hoan-sin, I beg to trouble you, sir; I have given 
you avast deal of trouble (v. sin). 16-hoan — li, I beg- 
to trouble you. hoan--li sang chit-e-mih", I will 
trouble you to hand this (to another) for me. hoan 
li--e tai-ka, I beg to trouble you, sir. 

tam-hoan, to have great anxieties, as about trouble- 
some matters (v. tam). put-tan-hoan, willing to 
take any pains to get it done, ui-hoan, to dislike 
being troubled; to decline troublesome duty. 

IlOilll (R. id.), a surname. 

llOil II , growing soft and bad, as tiles. 

IlOilll (R. id., = col. p6ng), to turn back (or bring 
back); to change, as purpose; to rebel; rebellion: but; 
on the other hand, tui-hoan, opposite in meaning or 
purpose, hoan-thg, but; on the other hand, hoan- 
m, to change one's purpose and refuse or reject; but now 
he will not. long-khau hoan-tsoat, to try to be- 
knowing but act as a fool, hoa-he - put-seng, hoan 
ui-ker (try to paint a tiger but make it a dog), said of 
a most miserable failure, so utter that it would have 
been fer better never to have tried it at all. 

hoan-hoe, to repent ; to change one's purpose, 
hoan-hoe (C), id. hoan-koa, to break one's pro- 
mise, hoan-hiau, to betray trust in money matters. 
hiau-hoan, to break an agreement; to betray trust. 
hoan -pan, to send goods inferior to the sample, hoan- 
keng, to retract the confession or evidence given in 
court (v. keng). hoan-kan-ke, to use secret plots 
and calumnies against a man (v. ke, "a plan"). 

hoan-hok, changeable in purpose; fickle (v. hok). 
hoan-siong, to change rapidly from good to bad, or 
from friendship to enmity (v. si6ng). hoan-bin, to 
change countenance, as in sudden anger, hoan-bien 
bu-siong, fickle, inconstant in friendship; touchy (v. 
si&ng). hoan-bien bu-cheng, inconstant in friend- 
ship; ungrateful; fickle. 

hoan-sek, to change colour; to become rancid by 
heat, as meat, hoan-pak, to turn the stomach; vomit- 
ing, hoan-chio (C), to chew the cud. 

hoan-loan, to rebel, hoan-poan, id. tso-hoan, 
id. be>-hoan, id. kap-pan-hoan, the war between 
Britain and China in 1842. sio-to-hoan, the Triad 
insurrection, hoan - chhat, rebels, hoan - kut, a 
man determined to rebel as soon as possible, tsau- 
hoan, to flee from insurrection, pi-hoan, id. 

ong-hoan, going and returning, as on a journey. 
hoan-tsu, to bring back the tablet from the funeral, 
hoan-tiau, to give a sort of mournful turn up at the 
end of a line in a tune, im-iong hoan-poe, turning 
day into night and night into day. hoan-bun (T. 
pai"-bun), the 66th or 67th radical, written at the side 
on the right hand. 

IlOilll (R. id.) hoan-lam (R.), a vast flood or 

IlOilll [R. floating, vague, negligent], (Cn. hoang). 
hoan-hoan, working without heart or decided purpose; 
not careful; not particular how a thing is done; vague 
and general; insincere, tsoe-lang hoan-hoan, to 
act so. khah-hoan, in a rather general way, not 
giving many particulars. kap--lan hoan-hoan, 
very easy in his dealings with us; not very particular. 

IlOilll — hu-hu hoan-hoan, quite uncertain 
or utterly false, as a story, hoan-hoan-tai, not very 
clear how the matter stands, but not of much conse- 
quence. h&-hoan, groundless, unsubstantial, as a 
rumour. he> - her hoan-hoan, id. [perhaps some 
phrases belong to the previous word]. 








llOi'lll (R. id.) her-hoan, to order, as a servant 
(v. he-). 

II Oil II [R. to sell goods; to be a pedlar, = col. phoa".] 
hoan-a, a pedlar, hoan-a-peh, secret dialect, or 
slang used by pedlars, tsoe-hoan, to be a pedlar., a pedlar who sells vegetables. ah- 
hoan, pedlar who sells ducks. 

hoan--chhut-lai, to trade in bringing produce from 
the interior, hoan-hoan, to trade abroad, either in 
person or by sending agents, hoan-tso, a medium- 
sized junk, as about 800 or 1000 peculs. 

hoan-sau, a dealer in slaves and children, hoan- 
sau-keng, shop of such a dealer. 

llo;i II [R. an official], beng-hoan-su, temple to 
canonized mandarins of district or department (stands 
beside the Confucian temple). 

1 1 Oil 11 (R. id.), to transgress; to offend against; a 
criminal; to meet with, as calamity or bad omen. 

hoan-hoat, to break the law. hoan-tsoe, to con- 
tract guilt; to commit a crime, hoan-klm, contra- 
band; strictly forbidden by law or regulation; to break 
such a prohibition, hoan-an, to be accused of crime; 
to be involved in a lawsuit, hoan-hui, to offend against 
a sacred name, as of Sage or Emperor, hoan-ia, to go 
about without a lamp, and at forbidden time of night. 

hoan-lang, a criminal, tsoe-hoan, id. tiong- 
hoan, a great criminal. ka n -hoan, an imprisoned 
criminal, siu-hoan (R. ), id. liu-hoan, a trans- 
ported convict, ke-hoan, a criminal wearing the 
cangue. hiong-hoan, a murderer, chhat-hoan, 
an apprehended robber, khim-hoan, a state prisoner 
arrested by imperial command, si-hoan, you con- 
demned criminal! (scolding); also, a prisoner who has 
died in prison, tsau - hoan, an escaped prisoner. 
lau-hoan, a prisoner who has been in prison several 
years, sin-hoan, a recent prisoner. 

chhiu"-hoan, to rescue a criminal by force, tiau- 
hoan, to order up a criminal to be tried, ke-hoan, 
to send a prisoner to a higher court to be tried or 
punished, koat-hoan, to behead a criminal. 

chhim-hoan, to offend against (a person) so as to 
displease him; to encroach upon, as grave, or land, or 
territory, chhiok-hoan, to come unintentionally on 
a man in an unlucky, ill-omened, awkward, or trouble- 
some manner, hoan — tioh, to offend against; to meet 
with, generally (but not always), unpleasant or hurtful 

hoan-hong, to meet with a heavy gale, hoan- 
hiam, liable to blame, hoan-giau, to excite suspi- 
cion; to be suspected, hoan-gi, id. [some say that 
this paragraph belongs to the next word]. 

JlOilll [R. calamity], hoan-lan (R.), calamity; 
to have suffering or calamity. 

hoan-soah, to be under the evil influence of the 
demons called "soah-sin," as a house or grave, hoan- 
sam-soah. id. ; sometimes said of a person. 

hoan-tioh-pi n , become unwell, hoan-tioh-kui, 
injured by meeting with a demon, chhiong-hoan- 
tioh-kui, id. [some say this paragraph belongs to the 
previous word]. 

llOUll [R. a rule; a pattern], keng-hoan, to 
taunt; to jeer at, especially at personal appearance, ti- 
io-hoan, kidney-shaped, te-au-a-hoan, shaped like 
a tea-cup. gun-tia"-hoan, shaped like a silver ingot 
or hour-glass. moa n -phang-hoan, lozenge-shaped; 
diamond-shaped. moa"-te-hoan (C), id. 

llOilll [R. hoan, to return; to repay; some are also 

pronounced "hoan"]. li hoan-li, goa hoan-goa, 
you and I have no connection in our affairs, li-e, 
hoan li-e; goa-e hoan goa-e, yours and mine are 
quite distinct, hoa-ki, hoan hoa-ki ; ho-lan, 
hoan ho-lan, the Americans and the Dutch are quite 
distinct (people or nations), lai, hoan — tit si-lai ; 
goa, hoan--tit si-goa, inside and outside (as of a 
house) must be kept quite distinct. 

llOilll [R. hoan, the world; all], hoan-kan, the 
world, hoan-na", in every case that — . hoan-su, 
in all affairs; in any matter, hoan-tsoe-su, in all 
matters that we do, &c. 

llOilll" (Cn. T.), = A. hong, "wind" (only in 
phrases strictly colloquial, while in reading phrases 
that have become colloquial it remains "hong," e.g. 

hoang-go (T.), = A. hong-chhe-lien, a toy made to 
turn with the wind. 

IlOillli*' (Cn.), =A. hong, waste; fabulous. 

IlOiiDg, a Dutch coin. 

llOUiIlg (Cn.), =A. hoan, without heart; without 
decided purpose. 

llOJll [R. the hair of the head], kiet-hoat, the 
wife whom a man marries first of all; opp. to the one 
married after her death or divorce, who is "au-be'" or 

lau tsoan-hoat, to let the whole of one's hair grow 
long, as women, hoat-ji-a-thau, the 190th radical, 
written at the top. 

llOtlt (R. id.), a rule; a law; a means; black arts, 
esp. Tauist; to manage; French. 

sia-hoat, Tauist magical arts, hoat-sut (v. silt), 
id. iau-hoat, id. hoat-lek, powerful influence of 
an idol, hoat-lek ko-kiong, the power of the idol 
is very great, iam-sin-hoat, the art of becoming in- 
visible, hu-hoat, rites to secure the success of a charm. 
hoat-soh, a magical rope used by Tauists. hoat-chi, 
the commands of Lau-tsze. hoat-su, complimentary 
title of Tauist priest, hoat-koa", sort of Tauist en- 
chanter, hoat-tiu", head of a company of boys at an 
idolatrous procession, hoat-tiu", a place where magi- 
cal rites are performed; also, an execution ground, hak- 
hoat, to learn black arts and Tauist rites, sai-hoat, 
to use magic, tsok-hoat, id. tau-hoat, to try which 
is superior in magic. 

he>-hoat-ia (Cn. ), an idol (v. hff). 

hoat-te\ a rule; a law; a plan; a method, hoat- 
lut, a law, as of the state, lut-hoat, id. hoat- 
kai (R.), id. (v. kai, "prohibition"), hoat-kai (R.), 
the region where Buddha lives (v. kai, "boundary"). 
kok-hoat, the laws of the kingdom, hong-hoat, a 
plan; a method; means, cheng-hoat, to execute a 
criminal; a just and right plan, eng-cheng-hoat, 
to act in a perfectly fair and just way. chia"-hoat, 
the fit way to accomplish an end. cheng-li-hoat, 
the proper plan in the circumstances of the case (v. 
chfing). put-hoat, lawless. 

tin-hoat, military manoeuvres, ka-hoat, regula- 
tions of a family (v. ka). i-hoat, rules of medicine. 
chiau-kun-hoat, according to military rules, seng- 
li-hoat, the rules and regular practices of trade, soan- 
hoat, arithmetic, seng - noat, multiplication (v. 
sSng). hoat-thiap-ji, a sort of copy-book. 

eng-kek-hoat, to use very strong or severe mea- 
sures; going to extremities, eng-kek-hoat, to talk 
to a man so as to incite him to take up a matter quite 
willingly and heartily, eng-chher-hoat, to act vio- 

A, A. 








lently (v. chher). tiob-boat, to hit on the right way 
of doing a thing, tek-hoat, to hit on the right way; 
quite correct; to manage a matter successfully, siet- 
boat, to put matters in right order or in a proper train, 
siii-boat, to act properly; to be of good behaviour; to 
observe the laws, ti-boat pba"-boat, they who know 
the law should obey it (said in finding fault with literati 
or underlings of yamuns, who break the laws); also, "I 
know the law, and will certainly obey it." 

boat-lob, to manage an affair; to arrange or deter- 
mine what is to be done. 

bo-boat — i, cannot manage it; cannot do anything 
with (him); quite beyond (my) power, kek bo-boat-- 
i, canuot manage it at all. kek bo-boat--tit, id. 
bo-boat — i ta-oa, having no resource; quite helpless 
and unable to resist or to accomplish, bo-boat — 
lang ta-oa, unable to resist or overcome him. bo- 
boat— lang e-ta-oa, id. beb-sia n -boat— i, what 
resource is possible? nothing can be done, beb-sia"- 
boat — goa ta-oa, what resource (has he) against me? 
li u-sia n -boat — goa, what ever can you do to me? (as 
to compel me or to prevent me), goa bo-sim-mib n 
i-boat, I have no way to make him submit, bo-boat- 
put, kang be-siu n , unable to punish the principal 
offender, but taking revenge on his subordinates. 

iam-boat-to, the salt commissioner. 

boat-lan-se, France. boat-16ng-se, id., often 
pronounced "ho-lan-se." tai-boat-kok (R.), id. 
tai-boat (R.), id. 

ElOilt (R. id., =col. pauh, puh), to produce; to sprout; 
to begin to grow; to come out, as eruptions, sweat, &c. ; 
to ferment; to pay out, as money. 

it-boat, all the more. 

boat-si n , to produce; to grow or bear, as fruit, &c. 
boat-cbbut, to produce, boat-bien, to appear; to 
become manifest, boat-paub, to come out, as a secret 
or a plot, boat-tsob, to break out, as a disease show- 
ing itself on the body; to come to pass, as a plot; to 
come to light, as a secret; to begin to grow into a man, 
as a lad (v. tsoh). boat-kak, to come to light, as a 
secret (v. kak, "to know"), boat-kak, to grow horns 
(v. kak, "a horn"). boat-cbbi n , to put out green 
leaves. boat-i n , to bud ; to sprout, boat-ge, to 
sprout and shoot out (longer than " i n "). boat-cbbau, 
to grow grass and small plants, hoat-mng, to grow 
hair or feathers, as animals; to begin to grow hair, as a 
wound or scabbed place when healing, boat-cbbui- 
cbbiu, beard beginning to grow, boat cbbui-kbi, 
to get teeth ; teething, boat-kbi, id. 

boat-jiet, to take fever; to have a feverish attack. 
boat cbiu-bong, to have small red eruptions, from 
drinking liquor, boat-bong, to get swollen, as from 
a venomous bite (v. h6ng, "swollen"), boat-bong, 
burning with rage or passion (v. h6ng, "heated"). 
boat-bong, face flushed; to blush, boat-liap, to 
grow pimples or boils. si n -tbau boat-be, to have 
pimples, boils, or eruptions. boat-cbiu n -bin, to break 
out on the face, as eruption, boat-koa", to perspire 
by use of medicine, &c, in disease, boat-ban, id. 
h.6 tng-boat, frantic with rage; sudden severe fever or 
inflammation; conflagration raging with great violence. 
boat-kong, mad; wild; extravagantly absurd, as man. 
boat-seng, to get suddenly angry (naturally), boat- 
lat, to show anger by loud voice or gesticulation, e.g. 
striking the table. 

boat-sim, to show kindness, boat-se, to make a 
solemn oath, boat-goan, to make a sudden vow by 
language without any formal rite. 

hoat-bok, fat and good-looking; getting on well in 
business, tng hoat-boe, making money at the time 
(v. hoe), boat-tsai, to grow rich. boat-cbi n , id. 
boat-tat, to prosper in wealth or office, &e., as person 
or family, boat-cbek, to rise from obscurity to high 
station. boat--ab, may it prosper ! said at the rites 
of "cheng-iu." by Tauist priests, in tsong, bau 
boat, as soon as the body is buried the auspicious in- 
fluence of the grave begins to operate. 

boat-be, to slake lime, boat-ka", to ferment. 
boat-ke, a sort of cake made with a sort of yeast. 

kbai-boat, to distribute money, as wages; to punish 
slightly on the spot, and set free at once, bun-boat, 
to distribute money, as wages; to separate the items of 
some difficult piece of business, to be taken up in suc- 
cession; to send out employes or members of family to 
different places to make their living, cbi" boat-be — 
i, give him the money. 

cbbong ke--e, lai boat--lang, to cheat people 
by selling them bad articles. kbit--i boat--kbi, to 
be taken in by him selling us bad articles. 

boat-tboat, to clear off the stock; to sell off at any 
price; to escape secretly, or help to escape (v. thoat). 
boat-boe, for sale, boat-toe, for sale, as goods. 
boat-be, to send back, as goods not liked, or as a re- 
jected present. 

boat-tiau, the main-spring of a watch or time- 

boat-m-cbia n sai-pak, north-west wind suddenly 
rising and falling, with almost no rain, ban-le-cbi" 
tsoe-boat, numerous calamities coming at once (v. Iff, 
"a cross-bow"). nger-le> cbe-boat, id. (v. Iff, "a 

hoat [R. to subdue rebels], cbeng-boat (R. ), to 
go to war, and chastise or subdue rebels. 

hoat [R. to punish], to fine; to mulct; to punish, 
as by fine or forfeit; to break, as a horse. 

beng-boat, to punish; punishment, gau beng- 
boat — lang, fond of punishing people; fond of causing 
people great trouble or expense, cbek-boat, to punish, 
as a god. boat-bong, to mulct of official salary. 
boat-gun, to fine. boat-cbi n , id. boat-bi-tob, 
to make a man stand the expense of a play and a feast, 
as a forfeit, boat-tob, make him forfeit a feast. 
boat-cbiu, make him forfeit some liquor. 

ke-boat, to be broken, as a horse, put-cbi-pa, 
tiob ke-boat, he is very disobedient and ill-behaved 
(lad), and must be broken in like a horse. 

hoat [R. to be deficient or in want], kboat- 
boat (R.), in want, kbat-boat (r.), id. 

hoat [R. alive, active, = col. oah]. boat-pboat, 
active and lively (as man); graceful and flowing, as 
written characters, lien kau boat-boat, to work 
up very thoroughly and carefully, as mixing material 
for pills or such medicine, lien-kbi-boat, work it 
up well, lien-boat, thoroughly worked and mixed up. 

seng-boat-ke, a means of livelihood. 

tok-boat, a medicinal root, kbiong-boat, a 
medicinal root from Se-khiong (Angelica?). 

hoe (C), =A. he, lime. 

IlOe (R. hoa), (C. hoa, P. hoai, hoe), a flower; a 
flowering plant; a blossom; variegated; dim, as eyesight; 
in many phrases means "licentious." 

mi n -boe, raw cotton, boan-boe, foreign cotton. 
kber-boe, mace (v. khff). cbbai-boe, cauliflower or 
brocoli. ku-cbbai-boe, flower-stalks of celery. 

kan-boe, pig's liver, tau-boe, soft bean-curd, not 







yet shaped, chioh-hoe, a pleasant cooling jelly made 
from a plant (like Ceylon moss or Irish moss), chioh- 
hoe-pai, this gelatinous substance boiled into a sweet 
confection, somewhat stiff, chioh-hoe -phi", do. cut 
into thin slices. 

len.g--h.oe, the feathers of an arrow, khau-to- 
hoe, shavings of wood made by a plane, hia-hoe, 
fragile work (on the tops of walls, &c.) made of thin 
tiles placed diagonally and leaving open spaces, hoe- 
thang-chi, ornamental tiles for use in open trellis- 
work, ban-ji-hoe, the figure called "ban," worked 
in large quantities, as in the open work of screens. 

ch.hih.-h.oe, clusters of spawn of the craw-fish, he- 
hoe, sparks as from a match, lak he-hoe, to let 
sparks fall, teng-he-hoe, large lumps on the wick 
of a lamp, teng-he khui-hoe, the lamp gathers 
large spots on the wick; when very large they are auspi- 

chek-hoe, ornamental flowers on candles (v. chek). 
siu-teng-hoe, to embroider flowers on the gauze 
frame of a lamp. 

chhin-hoe, white dots on the beam of a steelyard 
for marking the weight. 

tsui-hoe, spray, phah tsui-hoe, to splash spray. 
phun — tioh he-hoe, to get some drops of rain on 
one's self, lau koa n -hoe, to have perspiration in 
small drops on the skin. 

jit-hoe, a ray through a chink; rays through clouds 
or through the leaves of trees, chhut jit-hoe-a, 
rays breaking through the clouds. 

sim-hoe khui, delighted at something, u chhui- 
hoe, good at speaking in a polite or insinuating man- 
ner (v. chhui). io kha-chhng-hoe, to shake about 
one's hips in walking, lang koai"-a-hoe, to brandish 
his stick with delight, as beggar (v. koai"). 

khui-hoe, to bloom: to blossom. chi n -chhiu 
khui-hoe, making a great deal of money (often said of 
a prostitute), trig hoat-hoe, beginning to be pros- 
perous, teh-hoat-hoe, making a great deal of 
money, lang-hoe, to protrude the flower, as corn or 
grass. siu n -hoe, to admire flowers, chhai-hoe, to 
gather food from flowers, as butterflies or bees, boe- 
hoe, to sell flowers; a flower-seller, chhah-hoe, to 
stick flowers in the hair; a studding-sail. 

khek-hoe, to carve wood into any sort of figures. 
tiau-hoe khek-chiau, id. chhak-hoe, id. siu- 
hoe, to embroider (v. siii). chhiah-hoe, to embroider 
finely (v. chhiah). thio-hoe, id. (v. thio). 

oa n -hoe, to change the colour of the flowers on a 
woman's tree of fate (in the invisible world) from red to 
white, so that she may have male children instead of 
females; said also of a bride's younger brother visiting 
her three days after marriage, tsai-hoe oa n -tau, 
superstitious rites for curing female barrenness, khit- 
hoe, to pray for children, hoe-kong hoe-po, two 
deities (male and female) that give out these flowers — ■ 
red for females, white for males, hoe-kong-pd, id. 

tham-hoe, the third in rank of the new Hanlin 
(han-lim) graduates, kim-hoe, gilt flowers (tinsel) 
used by a new-made sew-tsae or higher graduate, and 
at some other ceremonies; Turkey opium, kim-hoe- 
ang, a sort of opium, chho-hoe, artificial flowers. 

hoe-ang, money wrapped in red paper, given in 
engaging an assistant, clerk, or manager for a shop. 

hoe-hiet, prettily painted or coloured; gaudy, as 
goods, buildings, and such things; too gaudy, as women; 
specious and flattering, as words (v. hiet). 

hoe-leng, a peacock's feather with one eye. hoe- 

thia n , reception-room for visitors, as in a yamun. hoe- 
kio, a red bridal chair. 

hoe-tiam, spotted with small spots, hoe -pan, 
speckled; spotted; freckled. hoe-16k-16k, variegated; 
mottled (like a stag), hoe-li-16, variegated; mottled; 
indistinct in colour; all in confusion, as money matters; 
not managing properly : not treating persons of various 
rank as they should be treated relatively, hoe-16-16, 
id. hoe-kau, a spotted dog. hoe-be, a piebald 
horse, hoe-teng, a flowered lantern, hoe-phe, a 
flowered or variegated cloth used for wrapping up clothes, 
&c. hoe-pe - , flowered, spotted, or variegated cotton 
cloth. In-hoe-per, printed cotton. toa-hoe-pe - , 
large-flowered do. sio-hoe-per, small-flowered do. 
in-iu n -hoe-pe - , foreign printed cotton; chintz, chi- 
hoe-pe - , nankeen. 

hoe-gun, dollars all covered with stamps. 

hoe-bak, flowers and shrubs (v. bak). hoe-lui, 
a blossom, hoe-fh, a flower-bud. hoe-tsang, a 
flowering-plant, hoe-hun, flowers and paint for the 
face, hoe-chhiam, a pin for flowers in the hair (v. 
chhiam). hoe-the\ earth in a flower-pot. hoe-tai, 
a terrace built up for flower-pots, hoe-na", a flower- 
basket, as in a room, hoe-pan, a flower-jug for arti- 
ficial flowers, or for water and cut flowers, hoe-kan, 
do. with cut flowers and water, hoe-kha", a flower- 
pot, hoe-phun, do. of finer ware, as porcelain, hoe- 
thang, insects that prey on flowers; caterpillars, hoe- 
sin, spirits of flowers (v. sin), hoe-hfig, a garden. 

hoe-chio, white pepper, hoe-bi, a bird that talks 
and fights, hoe-thiau, the mud-fish, hoe-ki, a 
large spotted sort of cuttle-fish, chhau-hoe-tsoa, a 
variegated harmless snake. 

bak-chiu hoe, eyes dim. bak -hoe, id. 

hoe-he (C. hoa-hoe), two sorts of gambling (v. he). 
boe-hoe-thg (Cn.), =A. teh-hoe-he, to gamble in this 

hoe-keng, a house of ill-fame; a brothel, ien- 
hoe-chhui (harlot's mouth), you great liar! (vile 
scolding), hoe-theng, boats used as brothels (Can- 
tonese), hoe -hi, a lascivious stage -play. hoe- 
chhut, id. hoe-toa", a character in a mandarin play 
representing a beautiful and cheerful young woman. 

llOe, to wipe the feet, as on a mat; to rub or scrape 
the feet, hoe-hoe, id. hoe--si, to kill by rubbing 
with the foot, as a worm. 

Il6e (R. id.) tai-hoe, = poeh-kak, anise-seed, 
toa-hoe, id. sio-hoe, a sweet-smelling seed like a 
grass, =pha"-chhek-hiu n (fennel? coriander?), used for 
its smell or flavour, siau-hoe, id. 

llde [R. to turn back, to return, Mahomedan], (in 
some phrases interchanges with "he"), a section of a 

hoe-hoe-kau, Mahomedanism, so named f